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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821700/comparison-of-veterinary-drugs-and-veterinary-homeopathy-part-2
#1
P Lees, L Pelligand, M Whiting, D Chambers, P-L Toutain, M L Whitehead
Part 2 of this narrative review outlines the theoretical and practical bases for assessing the efficacy and effectiveness of conventional medicines and homeopathic products. Known and postulated mechanisms of action are critically reviewed. The evidence for clinical efficacy of products in both categories, in the form of practitioner experience, meta-analysis and systematic reviews of clinical trial results, is discussed. The review also addresses problems and pitfalls in assessing data, and the ethical and negative aspects of pharmacology and homeopathy in veterinary medicine...
August 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800059/the-impact-of-educational-interventions-on-attitudes-of-emergency-department-staff-towards-patients-with-substance-related-presentations-a-quantitative-systematic-review
#2
Miriam Gonzalez, Diana E Clarke, Asha Pereira, Krystal Boyce-Gaudreau, Celeste Waldman, Lisa Demczuk, Carol Legare
BACKGROUND: Visits to emergency departments for substance use/abuse are common worldwide. However, emergency department health care providers perceive substance-using patients as a challenging group to manage which can lead to negative attitudes. Providing education or experience-based exercises may impact positively on behaviors towards this patient population. Whether staff attitudes are similarly impacted by knowledge acquired through educational interventions remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize available evidence on the relationship between new knowledge gained through substance use educational interventions and emergency department health care providers' attitudes towards patients with substance-related presentations...
August 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798552/mental-health-perceptions-and-practices-of-a-cree-community-in-northern-ontario-a-qualitative-study
#3
David Danto, Russ Walsh
This project is a qualitative study of the mental health perceptions and practices of one Aboriginal community in the northern Ontario James and Hudson Bay region. Despite a shared history of trauma and oppression with the other five Cree communities in this area, as well as an added trauma of natural disaster and subsequent relocation, this community has been reported to have markedly lower rates of mental health services utilization and suicide. Interviews with eight community leaders and mental health services providers were conducted and analyzed in order to identify the features that distinguish this community...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793073/rational-use-of-medicines-pharmaceuticalization-and-uses-of-methylphenidate
#4
Angela Esher, Tiago Coutinho
The rational use of medicines (URM) is considered one of the key elements recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for pharmaceutical policies. The excessive increase in the use of medicines in many countries has been identified as a major barrier to the achievement of URM and is part of a phenomenon called the 'pharmaceuticalization' of the society. This paper aims to present innitiatives to rationalize the use of methylphenidate and its limits in Brazil, considering the concept of pharmaceuticalization of the society...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792572/-the-management-of-depression-in-older-adults-and-their-family-caregivers-findings-from-a-research-program-in-quebec
#5
Jane McCusker, Mark Yaffe, Tamara Sussman, Martin Cole, Maida Sewitch, Erin Strumpf, Ellen Freeman, Sylvie Lambert, Manon de Raad
Objectives A research group based at St. Mary's Research Centre, St. Mary's Hospital, Montreal, has conducted a research program over the past two decades that aims to inform improvements in the management of depression in primary care and general medical settings, among older adults. This paper reviews the findings from this research program, discusses the findings in the context of other research, and highlights the implications for practice and health policy.Methods Narrative review and synthesis of 25 published articles, that included: 4 systematic reviews, 10 observational studies, 9 intervention trials, and 2 consensus conference reports...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789666/rare-tradition-of-the-folk-medicinal-use-of-aconitum-spp-is-kept-alive-in-sol%C3%A4-avsko-slovenia
#6
Marija Povšnar, Gordana Koželj, Samo Kreft, Mateja Lumpert
BACKGROUND: Aconitum species are poisonous plants that have been used in Western medicine for centuries. In the nineteenth century, these plants were part of official and folk medicine in the Slovenian territory. According to current ethnobotanical studies, folk use of Aconitum species is rarely reported in Europe. The purpose of this study was to research the folk medicinal use of Aconitum species in Solčavsko, Slovenia; to collect recipes for the preparation of Aconitum spp., indications for use, and dosing; and to investigate whether the folk use of aconite was connected to poisoning incidents...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774823/a-joint-narrative-on-methodological-standardization-aspects-of-the-lupus-anticoagulant-and-erythrocyte-based-drug-delivery-in-transfusion-medicine
#7
EDITORIAL
Jerard Seghatchian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767498/the-road-to-rural-primary-care-a-narrative-review-of-factors-that-help-develop-recruit-and-retain-rural-primary-care-physicians
#8
Anna Beth Parlier, Shelley L Galvin, Sarah Thach, David Kruidenier, Ernest Blake Fagan
PURPOSE: To examine the literature documenting successes in recruiting and retaining rural primary care physicians. METHOD: The authors conducted a narrative review of literature on individual, educational, and professional characteristics and experiences that lead to recruitment and retention of rural primary care physicians. In May 2016, they searched MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, Web of Science, Google Scholar, the Grey Literature Report, and reference lists of included studies for literature published in or after 1990 in the United States, Canada, or Australia...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755568/what-patients-think-about-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-in-buenos-aires-argentina-a-qualitative-approach
#9
Mercedes Sarudiansky, Alejandra Inés Lanzillotti, María Marta Areco Pico, Cristina Tenreyro, Laura Scévola, Silvia Kochen, Luciana D'Alessio, Guido Pablo Korman
PURPOSE: To analyse the methods of reasoning with regard to patients' experiences of living with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) in Buenos Aires, Argentina. METHOD: A qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews was used to gain an in-depth and contextual understanding of the perspectives of five patients with PNES. Data collection and analysis were followed by an inductive and interpretive approach informed by the principles of thematic analysis...
July 20, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749484/communication-related-allegations-against-physicians-caring-for-premature-infants
#10
J Nguyen, H Muniraman, M Cascione, R Ramanathan
OBJECTIVE: Maternal-fetal medicine physicians (MFMp) and neonatal-perinatal medicine physicians (NPMp) caring for premature infants and their families are exposed to significant risk for malpractice actions. Effective communication practices have been implicated to decrease litigious intentions but the extent of miscommunication as a cause of legal action is essentially unknown in this population. Analysis of communication-related allegations (CRAs) may help toward improving patient care and physician-patient relationships as well as decrease litigation risks...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744243/the-odyssey-of-dental-anxiety-from-prehistory-to-the-present-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Enrico Facco, Gastone Zanette
Dental anxiety (DA) can be considered as a universal phenomenon with a high prevalence worldwide; DA and pain are also the main causes for medical emergencies in the dental office, so their prevention is an essential part of patient safety and overall quality of care. Being DA and its consequences closely related to the fight-or-flight reaction, it seems reasonable to argue that the odyssey of DA began way back in the distant past, and has since probably evolved in parallel with the development of fight-or-flight reactions, implicit memory and knowledge, and ultimately consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726009/what-is-narrative-medicine-the-principles-and-practice-of-narrative-medicine-by-rita-charon-sayantani-dasgupta-nellie-hermann-craig-irvine-eric-r-marcus-edgar-rivera-col%C3%A3-n-danielle-spencer-and-maura-spiegel-oxford-university-press-2017
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724045/spinal-tumors-in-children
#13
Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Enrico Ghizoni, Marcelo Gomes Cordeiro Valadares, Simone Appenzeller, Simone Dos Santos Aguiar, Helder Tedeschi
Introduction: Spinal tumors are rare in the pediatric population, presenting many specific peculiarities when compared to adults. We have performed a broad narrative review to describe the most common spinal tumors in children, discussing their main characteristics and management options. Method: The authors have performed an extensive review of the peer-reviewed literature addressing the aforementioned objectives. Results: Multimodality radiological studies (plain films, 3D computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging) are necessary for proper evaluation and differential diagnosis of spinal tumors in children...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716004/concurrent-use-of-alcohol-interactive-medications-and-alcohol-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-prevalence-and-associated-adverse-outcomes
#14
Alice E Holton, Paul Gallagher, Tom Fahey, Gráinne Cousins
BACKGROUND: Older adults are susceptible to adverse effects from the concurrent use of medications and alcohol. The aim of this study was to systematically review the prevalence of concurrent use of alcohol and alcohol-interactive (AI) medicines in older adults and associated adverse outcomes. METHODS: A systematic search was performed using MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, Scopus and Web of Science (January 1990 to June 2016), and hand searching references of retrieved articles...
July 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708418/vaccines-pesticides-and-narratives-of-exposure-and-evidence
#15
Elena Conis
This essay considers the cultural work performed by two public health narratives - the DDT narrative and the vaccine narrative - as they appeared in popular and professional discourse concerning two recent media events: controversy over an antivaccination film, and the emergence of a Zika global public health emergency. Like all narratives in the history of medicine, the stories historians and others tell about DDT and about vaccines organize a shared past to explain the present. They also point to a hoped-for future...
July 14, 2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691549/factors-associated-with-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-women-at-midlife
#16
C Costanian, R A G Christensen, H Edgell, C I Ardern, H Tamim
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been established as the first-line treatment for women experiencing menopausal symptoms. The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), however, is becoming increasingly popular among women at midlife for management of such symptoms. Despite the equivocal evidence of CAM's efficacy in the reduction and alleviation of menopausal symptoms in placebo-controlled, randomized trials, 50% of women at midlife use CAM. To date, several large, population-based studies have focused upon CAM use amongst menopausal women and the factors associated with the adoption of such therapies...
July 8, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679379/impact-of-a-narrative-medicine-programme-on-healthcare-providers-empathy-scores-over-time
#17
Po-Jui Chen, Chien-Da Huang, San-Jou Yeh
BACKGROUND: The cultivation of empathy for healthcare providers is an important issue in medical education. Narrative medicine (NM) has been shown to foster empathy. To our knowledge, there has been no research that examines whether a NM programme affects multi-professional healthcare providers' empathy. Our study aims to fill this gap by investigating whether a NM programme effects multi-professional healthcare providers' empathy. METHODS: A pre-post questionnaire method was used...
July 5, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674300/systematic-and-stepwise-interprofessional-education-in-showa-university
#18
Yuji Kiuchi
 At Showa University, which consists of the schools of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing and rehabilitation sciences, systematic interprofessional education was introduced with the cooperation of all 4 schools and through all undergraduate grades with the purpose of training medical staff who can contribute positively to the medical team. In the lower grades, students study the basics of medical team care based on a 4-school joint curriculum of experience learning (such as early exposure) and problem-based learning (PBL) tutorial inside and outside of the university...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670279/innovating-chinese-herbal-medicine-from-traditional-health-practice-to-scientific-drug-discovery
#19
Shuo Gu, Jianfeng Pei
As one of the major contemporary alternative medicines, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) continues its influence in Chinese communities and has begun to attract the academic attention in the world of western medicine. This paper aims to examine Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), the essential branch of TCM, from both narrative and scientific perspectives. CHM is a traditional health practice originated from Chinese philosophy and religion, holding the belief of holism and balance in the body. With the development of orthodox medicine and science during the last centuries, CHM also seized the opportunity to change from traditional health practice to scientific drug discovery illustrated in the famous story of the herb-derived drug artemisinin...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669013/narrative-medicine-perspectives-on-patient-identity-and-integrative-care-in-neuro-oncology
#20
Robert B Slocum, Tracy A Howard, John L Villano
Narrative Medicine sessions can encourage patients to rediscover personal identity and meaning by telling or writing their stories. We explored this process to improve care and quality of life for brain cancer patients in an academic neuro-oncology program. Brain cancer and its treatments may threaten a patient's quality of life and sense of self in many ways, including impaired cognitive skills, loss of memory, reduced coordination, and limited capacity for self-expression. The impact of symptoms and side effects on quality of life must be evaluated in terms of each patient's identity and may be understood in terms of each patient's story...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
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