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Narrative medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529234/-in-utter-fearlessness-of-the-reigning-disease-imagined-immunities-and-the-outbreak-narratives-of-charles-brockden-brown
#1
Nicholas E Miller
With an increased focus on the intersection of literature and medicine, contagion has become something of a scholarly buzzword in early American studies: it serves metaphorically to demarcate the postcolonial other, demonstrates the transmissibility of revolutionary rhetoric, highlights the instability of republican government, and embodies fears of racial mixture. In this essay, I shift the emphasis from a discourse of contagion (often associated with a fear of the foreign) to a discourse of immunity (a fear associated with foreign immunities) in order to demonstrate a more affirmative biopolitics in Charles Brockden Brown's 1790s outbreak narratives...
2017: Literature and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527504/telehealth-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-a-narrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Adam S Tenforde, Jaye E Hefner, Jodi E Kodish-Wachs, Mary A Iaccarino, Sabrina Paganoni
Telehealth refers to health care interactions that leverage telecommunication devices to provide medical care outside the traditional face-to-face, in-person medical encounter. Technology advances and research have expanded use of telehealth in health care delivery. Physical medicine and rehabilitation providers may use telehealth to deliver care to populations with neurologic and musculoskeletal conditions, commonly treated in both acute care and outpatient settings. Patients with impaired mobility and those living in locations with reduced access to care may particularly benefit...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527474/fifteen-years-of-experience-from-a-medical-school-clinical-skills-laboratory
#3
José Miguel Pêgo, João José Cerqueira, João Bessa, Vitor Hugo Pereira, Sara Gomes, José Mariz, Rita Sousa, Pedro Morgado, Nuno Sousa
INTRODUCTION: Medical Education has evolved being defined as a continuum of the medical training from the pre- to the post-graduate period and through a lifetime of medical practice that is mirrored in the competencies framework that several international institutions have established. This creates a challenge to educational institutions (pre- and post-graduate) that traditionally take separate pathways. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present report is a description of the efforts carried by the School of Medicine of the University of Minho to implement a strategy of teaching/learning methods that follows modern standards towards constructive alignment of the medical curriculum, from the pre- to the post-graduate...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521523/sepsis-in-internal-medicine-wards-current-knowledge-uncertainties-and-new-approaches-for-management-optimization
#4
Vincenzo Zaccone, Alberto Tosoni, Giovanna Passaro, Carla Vallone, Michele Impagnatiello, Domenica Donatella Li Puma, Salvatore De Cosmo, Raffaele Landolfi, Antonio Mirijello
Sepsis represents a global health problem in terms of morbidity, mortality, social and economic costs. Although usually managed in Intensive Care Units, sepsis showed an increased prevalence among Internal Medicine wards in the last decade. This is substantially due to the ageing of population and to multi-morbidity. These characteristics represent both a risk factor for sepsis and a relative contra-indication for the admission to Intensive Care Units. Although there is a lack of literature on the management of sepsis in Internal Medicine, the outcome of these patients seems to be gradually improving...
May 18, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510742/drug-safety-in-paediatric-anaesthesia
#5
J Kaufmann, A R Wolf, K Becke, M Laschat, F Wappler, T Engelhardt
Life-threatening drug errors are more common in children than in adults. This is likely to be because of their variations in age and weight, combined with the occasional exposure of most anaesthetists to paediatric patients. Drug administration in anaesthesia is mostly undertaken by a single operator and thus represents a potentially greater risk compared with other areas of medicine. This increased risk is believed to be offset by anaesthetists working with only a limited number of drugs on a very frequent and repetitive basis...
May 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507995/the-necessity-of-data-mining-in-clinical-emergency-medicine-a-narrative-review-of-the-current-literatrue
#6
REVIEW
Elahe Parva, Reza Boostani, Zahra Ghahramani, Shahram Paydar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501966/from-method-to-hermeneutics-which-epistemological-framework-for-narrative-medicine
#7
Camille Abettan
The past 10 years have seen considerable developments in the use of narrative in medicine, primarily through the emergence of the so-called narrative medicine. In this article, I question narrative medicine's self-understanding and contend that one of the most prominent issues is its lack of a clear epistemological framework. Drawing from Gadamer's work on hermeneutics, I first show that narrative medicine is deeply linked with the hermeneutical field of knowledge. Then I try to identify which claims can be legitimately expected from narrative medicine, and which ones cannot be...
May 13, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499848/understanding-obesity-in-the-context-of-an-indigenous-population-a-qualitative-study
#8
Ricky Bell, Catherine Smith, Leigh Hale, Geoffrey Kira, Steve Tumilty
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a progressive global phenomenon that is disparately prevalent amongst Indigenous populations. While there is a growing body of literature investigating the extrinsic contributors to obesity, there is a lack of evidence to elucidate intrinsic drivers in the context of an Indigenous population. METHODS: Qualitative research theory, inclusive of Indigenous knowledge systems, was applied to the narratives of 15 Indigenous (Māori) people aged between 18 and 65 to contextualise their understandings of obesity...
May 9, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497991/medical-students-professional-development-as-educators-revealed-through-reflections-on-their-teaching-following-a-students-as-teachers-course
#9
Michelle H Yoon, Benjamin C Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
Phenomenon: Teaching is an important part of the tri-partite mission of every medical center. Although teaching often is given lower priority and recognition as opposed to patient care and/or research, this activity for many physicians in academic medicine ranks second to their patient care responsibilities. Medical teacher training has traditionally been aimed at faculty and residents through faculty development initiatives, continuing education for physicians at professional conferences, formalized degree or certificate programs in education, and residents as teachers programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496368/self-management-and-psychological-sexological-interventions-in-patients-with-endometriosis-strategies-outcomes-and-integration-into-clinical-care
#10
REVIEW
Laura Buggio, Giussy Barbara, Federica Facchin, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Giorgio Aimi, Nicola Berlanda
Endometriosis has a multifactorial etiology. The onset and progression of the disease are believed to be related to different pathogenic mechanisms. Among them, the environment and lifestyle may play significant roles. Diet, dietary supplements, physical exercise, osteopathy, massage, acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and Chinese herbal medicine may represent a complementary and feasible approach in the treatment of symptoms related to the disease. In this narrative review, we aimed to examine the most updated evidence on these alternative approaches implicated in the self-management of the disease...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494847/history-of-cupping-hijama-a-narrative-review-of-literature
#11
REVIEW
Naseem Akhtar Qureshi, Gazzaffi Ibrahim Ali, Tamer Shaban Abushanab, Ahmed Tawfik El-Olemy, Meshari Saleh Alqaed, Ibrahim S El-Subai, Abdullah M N Al-Bedah
Cupping (Hijama in Arabic) is an ancient, holistic method for the treatment of a variety of diseases. Though the exact origin of cupping therapy is a matter of controversy, its use has been documented in early Egyptian and Chinese medical practices. Diverse human civilizations have contributed to the historical development and continuation of cupping therapy. This narrative review describes the history of cupping, historical definitions, cupping instruments and uses of cupping therapy. Electronic searches of relevant databases (PubMed, Google Scholar and OvidSP) were conducted using keywords and Boolean operators...
May 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494716/gender-medicine-and-pharmacoeconomics-a-narrative-review-of-the-international-literature-of-the-last-5-years-a-revision-of-evidences-about-the-relationship-between-gender-and-economic-consumption-in-health
#12
Delia Colombo, Lucia Simoni, Emanuela Zagni
Introduction The influence of patient gender on the economic impact of health care has increasingly been examined in the recent literature. Gender appears to have an impact on healthcare resource consumption, due to possible differences in the patient's response to a chosen therapeutic management strategy or to a healthcare intervention. Objective The present work is aimed at collecting and reviewing evidences about the relationship between gender and economic consumption in health, based on worldwide scientific literature published in the last 5 years...
May 10, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490362/different-perceptions-of-narrative-medicine-between-western-and-chinese-medicine-students
#13
Chien-Da Huang, Kuo-Chen Liao, Fu-Tsai Chung, Hsu-Min Tseng, Ji-Tseng Fang, Shu-Chung Lii, Han-Pin Kuo, San-Jou Yeh, Shih-Tseng Lee
BACKGROUND: Western medicine is an evidence-based science, whereas Chinese medicine is more of a healing art. To date, there has been no research that has examined whether students of Western and Chinese medicine differentially engage in, or benefit from, educational activities for narrative medicine. This study fills a gap in current literature with the aim of evaluating and comparing Western and Chinese Medicine students' perceptions of narrative medicine as an approach to learning empathy and professionalism...
May 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488426/european-initiative-for-the-application-of-the-international-classification-of-service-organization-in-health-related-rehabilitation-icso-r
#14
Carlotte Kiekens, Thorsten Meyer, Francesca Gimigliano, Cristiana Baffone, Christoph M Gutenbrunner
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) should be used as the framework for the development of a clinical assessment schedule for clinical quality management of health-related rehabilitation services. For the description of rehabilitation services a working group of the ISPRM-WHO-Liaison Committee proposed an instrument called "International Classification System for Service Organization in Health-related Rehabilitation" or ICSO-R. AIM: To test the applicability and feasibility of ICSO-R to describe rehabilitation services and to propose further improvements...
April 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471213/narrative-review-of-provider-behavior-in-primary-care-behavioral-health-how-process-data-can-inform-quality-improvement
#15
Gregory P Beehler, Kaitlin R Lilienthal, Kyle Possemato, Emily M Johnson, Paul R King, Robyn L Shepardson, Christina L Vair, Jacqueline Reyner, Jennifer S Funderburk, Stephen A Maisto, Laura O Wray
OBJECTIVE: Primary care behavioral health (PCBH) is a population-based approach to delivering mental and behavioral health care in the primary care setting. Implementation of the PCBH model varies across practice settings, which can impact how PCBH providers deliver services to patients and in turn may predict a variety of important outcomes. This article aims to characterize PCBH provider engagement in key processes of integrated care as demonstrated in results from empirical studies of real-world clinical practice...
May 4, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466181/-low-level-laser-therapy-a-narrative-literature-review-on-the-efficacy-in-the-treatment-of-rheumatic-orthopaedic-conditions
#16
REVIEW
A W A Baltzer, D Stosch, F Seidel, M S Ostapczuk
BACKGROUND: In low level laser therapy (LLLT) low wattage lasers are used to irradiate the affected skin areas, joints, nerves, muscles and tendons without any sensation or thermal damage. Although the exact mechanism of its effect is still unknown, it seems beyond dispute that LLLT induces a variety of stimulating processes at the cellular level affecting cell repair mechanisms, the vascular system and lymphatic system. LLLT has been popular among orthopaedic practitioners for many years, whereas university medicine has remained rather sceptical about it...
May 2, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459910/acute-pain-management-in-hospitalized-adult-patients-with-opioid-dependence-a-narrative-review-and-guide-for-clinicians
#17
REVIEW
Joshua N Raub, Theresa E Vettese
Pain management is a core competency of hospital medicine, and effective acute pain management should be a goal for all hospital medicine providers. The prevalence of opioid use in the United States, both therapeutic and non-medical in origin, has dramatically increased over the past decade. Although nonopioid medications and nondrug treatments are essential components of managing all acute pain, opioids continue to be the mainstay of treatment for severe acute pain in both opioid-naïve and opioid-dependent patients...
May 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453828/examining-the-nature-of-interprofessional-interventions-designed-to-promote-patient-safety-a-narrative-review
#18
Scott Reeves, Emma Clark, Sally Lawton, Melissa Ream, Fiona Ross
Purpose: This narrative review aimed to scope the patient safety literature to identify interprofessional intervention approaches, sources of evidence and reported outcomes. Data sources: Two major databases (MEDLINE and CINAHL) were searched from 2005 to 2015. Study selection: A total of 1552 abstracts were initially identified. After screening these abstracts, 129 full papers were obtained. Further screening resulted in a total of 89 papers included in this review...
April 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453117/-learning-about-social-determinants-of-health-through-chronicles-using-a-virtual-learning-environment
#19
Sonia Restrepo-Palacio, Jairo Amaya-Guio
Objective: To describe the contributions of a pedagogical strategy based on the construction of chronicles, using a Virtual Learning Environment for training medical students from Universidad de La Sabana on social determinants of health. Methodology: Descriptive study with a qualitative approach. Design and implementation of a Virtual Learning Environment based on the ADDIE instructional model. Results: A Virtual Learning Environment was implemented with an instructional design based on the five phases of the ADDIE model, on the grounds of meaningful learning and social constructivism, and through the narration of chronicles or life stories as a pedagogical strategy...
September 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449595/pharmaceutical-perspectives-of-spices-and-condiments-as-alternative-antimicrobial-remedy
#20
Savita P D'Souza, Suvarna V Chavannavar, B Kanchanashri, S B Niveditha
Medicinal values of spices and condiments are being revived by biologists through in vitro and in vivo trials providing evidence for its antimicrobial activities. The essential oils and extracts of spices like black pepper, cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg contain active compounds like piperine, eugenol, cinnamaldehyde, and lignans. Similarly, condiments like coriander, black cumin, turmeric, garlic, and ginger are recognized for constituents like linalool, thymoquinones, curcumin, allicin, and geranial respectively...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
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