Read by QxMD icon Read

Anesthesia kidney transplant

S Sachin, M C Rajesh, E K Ramdas
Surgical removal of the kidney tumor outside the body, (ex vivo renal bench surgery) followed by auto transplantation is an emerging and often done procedure to reconstruct the urinary tract. It possesses immense challenges to both the anesthesiologists and the surgeons. The risks are multiplied if you are performing the surgery on a solitary functioning kidney. Here, we are describing the anesthetic management of 70-year-old male post nephrectomy patient undergoing renal auto transplantation by bench surgery...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Vesa Anttila, Henri Haapanen, Fredrik Yannopoulos, Johanna Herajärvi, Tuomas Anttila, Tatu Juvonen
In remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) short periods of non-lethal ischemia followed by reperfusion of tissue or organ prepare remote tissue or organ to resist a subsequent more severe ischemia-reperfusion injury. The signaling mechanism of RIPC can be humoral communication, neuronal stimulation, systemic modification of circulating immune cells, and activation of hypoxia inducible genes. Despite promising evidence from experimental studies, the clinical effects of RIPC have been controversial. Heterogeneity of inclusion and exclusion criteria and confounding factors such as comedication, anesthesia, comorbidities, and other risk factors may have influenced the efficacy of RIPC...
September 5, 2016: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
Se Hun Kim, Byeong-Cheol Lee, Yong Han Kim
Bispectral index (BIS) is a reliable parameter for measuring depth of hypnotic level during anesthesia. Convective air warming system is an effective equipment to maintain normothermia during operation. We report falsely elevated BIS value due to convective air warming system while undergoing kidney transplantation.
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Daria M Moaveni, Jennifer H Cohn, Katherine G Hoctor, Ryan E Longman, J Sudharma Ranasinghe
Over the past 40 years, the success of organ transplantation has increased such that female solid organ transplant recipients are able to conceive and carry pregnancies successfully to term. Anesthesiologists are faced with the challenge of providing anesthesia care to these high-risk obstetric patients in the peripartum period. Anesthetic considerations include the effects of the physiologic changes of pregnancy on the transplanted organ, graft function in the peripartum period, and the maternal side effects and drug interactions of immunosuppressive agents...
August 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Jacob Schaff, Robert Maniker
We describe a case of living unrelated renal transplantation from a non-malignant hyperthermia (MH) susceptible donor to an MH-susceptible recipient, along with its intraoperative and perioperative considerations. The renal transplant recipient reported a personal history of MH requiring intensive care unit admission. A nontriggering anesthetic was therefore chosen for the unrelated donor to avoid possible triggering via the transplanted kidney to the MH-susceptible recipient. This case provides a unique opportunity to review the concepts of antigen transfer related to transplant anesthesia, as well as the importance of communication among anesthesia and surgical teams to promote patient safety...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
I Freytag, J Bucher, M Schoenberg, M Stangl, G Schelling
We report a case of a 27-year-old anesthetist who acquired tuberculosis (TB) while performing general anesthesia in a renal transplant (RTX) patient who had donor-derived contagious TB. The anesthetist developed pleural TB 6 months after exposure. Contact investigations (CIs) did not include health care workers (HCWs) of the Department of Anesthesiology, thereby missing the opportunity for the early diagnosis and treatment of TB. Genomic fingerprinting revealed identical Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MT) isolates in the anesthetist and in the RTX patient...
May 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Brian J Sutherland, Jonathan F McAnulty, Robert J Hardie
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical outcome of donor and recipient cats undergoing ureteral papilla harvest and implantation as a technique for neoureterocystostomy in clinical kidney transplant. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Donor (n=31) and recipient (n=30) cats that underwent kidney harvest and transplantation using ureteral papilla implantation technique for neoureterocystostomy. METHODS: Medical records for donor and recipient cats presented to the University of Wisconsin Veterinary Teaching Hospital from January 2003 to December 2014 were reviewed...
May 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
G Damiano, M C Gioviale, C Maione, M Sacco, S Buscemi, V D Palumbo, G Spinelli, S Ficarella, S De Luca, A Maffongelli, S Fazzotta, L Carmina, G Buscemi, A I Lo Monte
BACKGROUND: The rapid intraoperative parathormone (PTH) and at central laboratory PTH dosage gives similar results. The central laboratory provides results in longer times and higher costs. Intraoperative measurement can reduce time and costs during parathyroidectomy. METHODS: Twelve patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for hyperparathyroidism renal transplant candidates were included. Diagnosis was made by laboratory tests (serum calcium, PTH) and imaging techniques (ultrasonography and scintigraphy)...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
J Moritz Kaths, Juan Echeverri, Nicolas Goldaracena, Kristine S Louis, Paul Yip, Rohan John, Istvan Mucsi, Anand Ghanekar, Darius Bagli, Markus Selzner, Lisa A Robinson
Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients suffering from end-stage renal disease. It offers better life expectancy and higher quality of life when compared to dialysis. Although the last few decades have seen major improvements in patient outcomes following kidney transplantation, the increasing shortage of available organs represents a severe problem worldwide. To expand the donor pool, marginal kidney grafts recovered from extended criteria donors (ECD) or donated after circulatory death (DCD) are now accepted for transplantation...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
K L Lentine, N N Lam, D Axelrod, M A Schnitzler, A X Garg, H Xiao, N Dzebisashvili, J D Schold, D C Brennan, H Randall, E A King, D L Segev
We integrated the US transplant registry with administrative records from an academic hospital consortium (97 centers, 2008-2012) to identify predonation comorbidity and perioperative complications captured in diagnostic, procedure, and registry sources. Correlates (adjusted odds ratio, aOR) of perioperative complications were examined with multivariate logistic regression. Among 14 964 living kidney donors, 11.6% were African American. Nephrectomies were predominantly laparoscopic (93.8%); 2.4% were robotic and 3...
June 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Zeynep Ersoy, Aycan Ozdemirkan, Arash Pirat, Adnan Torgay, Gulnaz Arslan, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Reasons for chronic liver and kidney failure may vary; sometimes more than 1 family member may be affected, and may require a transplant. The aim of this study was to examine the similarities or differences between the perioperative characteristics of siblings undergoing liver or kidney transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 6 pairs of siblings who underwent liver transplant and 4 pairs of siblings who underwent kidney transplant at Baskent University Hospital between 1989 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2015: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Zeynep Ersoy, Coşkun Araz, Mahir Kırnap, Pınar Zeyneloğlu, Adnan Torgay, Gülnaz Arslan
Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 is an autosomal recessive disorder that is responsible for the overproduction of oxalate and has an incidence of 1 in 120 000 live births. Indications for combined liver and kidney transplant are still debated. However, combined liver and kidney transplant is preferred in various conditions, including primary hyperoxaluria, liver-based metabolic abnormalities affecting the kidney, and structural diseases affecting both the liver and the kidney, such as congenital hepatic fibrosis and polycystic kidney disease...
November 2015: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
N Presser, H Kerr, T Gao, M Begala, S Paschal, D A Shoskes, S M Flechner
Pelvic lymphoceles/lymph fistulas are commonly observed after kidney allotransplantation, especially when the kidney is placed in a retroperitoneal position. While the majority are <5 cm in diameter and resolve without intervention, some may continue to enlarge, and cause local or systemic symptoms or graft dysfunction. Among 1662 recipients of both living and deceased donor kidney transplants between January 2003 and July 2014, we found 46 (2.7%) patients with symptomatic lymphoceles requiring intervention...
February 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
A Demir, B Aydınlı, H I Toprak, Ü Karadeniz, F M Yılmaz, C Züngün, P Uçar, Ç Y Güçlü, E B Bostancı, S Yılmaz
BACKGROUND: Since the first liver transplantation, pretransplantation or post-transplantation renal problems are still among the main causes of mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of fluid replacement solutions used intraoperatively on renal functions in elective living-donor liver transplantation. METHODS: After Ethics Committee approval, informed consents were obtained from patients. Patients with normal renal functions and scheduled for elective living-donor-liver transplantation were included in the study...
July 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
Junichi Saito, Eiji Hashiba, Tetsuya Kushikata, Akio Mikami, Kazuyoshi Hirota
Presepsin is a useful marker for differentiating sepsis from non-infection-related systemic inflammatory response syndrome. There are data describing elevated presepsin concentrations in patients with kidney dysfunction even in the absence of sepsis, but corresponding data for patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) undergoing living kidney transplantation (LKT) are lacking. We investigated the changes in presepsin concentrations in this patient group in order to elucidate any relationship with renal function...
February 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Mohammad Ali Amir-Zargar, Mahmoud Gholyaf, Abdolmajid Iloon Kashkouli, Ahmad Moradi, Saadat Torabian
General anesthesia is a routine anesthetic technique for kidney transplantation. This study evaluated and compared the peri-operative hemodynamic, cardiopulmonary and general condition status in patients in whom spinal anesthesia (SA) or general anesthesia (GA) was used for kidney transplantation. A prospective study was carried out on 49 consecutive patients who underwent kidney transplantation with either GA (19 patients, mean age 37.53 ± 11.78 years) or SA (30 patients, mean age 42.17 ± 14.89 years), without any selection bias...
May 2015: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Judith Schiefer, Diana Lebherz-Eichinger, Gabor Erdoes, Gabriela Berlakovich, Andreas Bacher, Claus G Krenn, Peter Faybik
BACKGROUND: Endothelial glycocalyx participates in the maintenance of vascular integrity, and its perturbations cause capillary leakage, loss of vascular responsiveness, and enhanced adhesion of leukocytes and platelets. We hypothesized that marked shedding of the glycocalyx core protein, syndecan-1, occurs in end-stage liver disease (ESLD) and that it increases during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). We further evaluated the effects of general anesthesia on glycocalyx shedding and its association with acute kidney injury (AKI) after OLT...
October 2015: Transplantation
Sunder Negi, Indu Sen, Virender Arya, Ashish Sharma
BACKGROUND: Ideal anesthetic technique for renal allograft recipients should provide hemodynamic stability, optimum graft reperfusion and adequate analgesia. Balanced anesthesia is preferred because renal nociception is conducted multi-segmentally and chronically ill ESRD patients have labile psychological profile. Present study compared the efficacy ofdexmedetomidine with fentanyl administered via intravenous and epidural route before induction of general anesthesia. METHODS: Prospective, double blind randomized study, recruited sixty hemo-dynamically stable ESRD adults, 18-55 years, scheduled for elective live related renal transplantation...
October 2014: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
N Coskunfirat, N Hadimioglu, Z Ertug, H Akbas, F Davran, B Ozdemir, A Aktas Samur, G Arici
BACKGROUND: Nitrous oxide anesthesia increases postoperative homocysteine concentrations. Renal transplantation candidates present with higher homocysteine levels than patients with no renal disease. We designed this study to investigate if homocysteine levels are higher in subjects receiving nitrous oxide for renal transplantation compared with subjects undergoing nitrous oxide free anesthesia. METHODS: Data from 59 patients scheduled for living-related donor renal transplantation surgery were analyzed in this randomized, controlled, blinded, parallel-group, longitudinal trial...
March 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
Stanley Leeson, Sukumar P Desai
BACKGROUND: The first successful major organ transplantation, a kidney transplant, took place on December 23, 1954, at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. This was the beginning of major organ transplants commonly performed today, heralding one of the most significant achievements of medicine. A half-century later, heart, liver, limb, and even face transplants have become standard practice. In this report, we explore details of the preparations, the ethical dilemmas and the unknowns, and how these issues were addressed and overcome...
January 2015: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"