keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vulnerable populations

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431532/residents-satisfaction-with-primary-medical-and-health-services-in-western-china
#1
Weinan Dong, Qingyu Zhang, Chunsheng Yan, Wanling Fu, Linlin Xu
BACKGROUND: Currently, China is in the process of medical and health care reform, and the establishment of primary medical and health services covering urban and rural residents is an important aspect of this process. Studying the satisfaction of residents of underdeveloped areas with their primary medical and health services and identifying the factors that can increase the satisfaction of different groups may improve patient compliance and ultimately improve health. Moreover, such research may provide a reference for the development of medical and health undertakings in similarly underdeveloped areas...
April 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431356/heavy-metals-pollution-levels-and-children-health-risk-assessment-of-yerevan-kindergartens-soils
#2
Gevorg Tepanosyan, Nairuhi Maghakyan, Lilit Sahakyan, Armen Saghatelyan
Children, the most vulnerable urban population group, are exceptionally sensitive to polluted environments, particularly urban soils, which can lead to adverse health effects upon exposure. In this study, the total concentrations of Ag, As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Ti, V, and Zn were determined in 111 topsoil samples collected from kindergartens in Yerevan. The objectives of this study were to evaluate heavy metal pollution levels of kindergarten's soils in Yerevan, compare with national legal and international requirements on heavy metal contents in kindergarten soil, and assess related child health risk...
April 18, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431108/investments-in-children-s-health-and-the-kenyan-cash-transfer-for-orphans-and-vulnerable-children-evidence-from-an-unconditional-cash-transfer-scheme
#3
Carolyn Huang, Kavita Singh, Sudhanshu Handa, Carolyn Halpern, Audrey Pettifor, Harsha Thirumurthy
Child mortality is one of the most pressing global health and policy issues in the developing world. The leading drivers of death-pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria-are preventable and treatable. However, these illnesses are exacerbated by a lack of accessible nutrition, water, basic and preventive health services, and sanitary living conditions-all factors which are more likely to disproportionately impact the poor. We examine whether Kenya's largest social protection impacts children's incidence of upper respiratory illness...
April 18, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430972/identifying-subpopulations-vulnerable-to-the-thyroid-blocking-effects-of-perchlorate-and-thiocyanate
#4
Jenica McMullen, Akhgar Ghassabian, Brenda Kohn, Leonardo Trasande
Context: Common environmental contaminants can disrupt normal thyroid function, which plays essential but varying roles at different ages. Objective: To evaluate the relationship of perchlorate, thiocyanate, and nitrate, three sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) inhibitors, and thyroid function in different age-sex-stratified populations. Design, Setting, Participants, and Intervention: This was a cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) evaluating the exposure to perchlorate, thiocyanate, and nitrate in 3,151 participants aged 12-80...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430782/predictors-of-falls-and-mortality-among-elderly-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#5
Wayne W Fu, Terence S Fu, Rowan Jing, Steven R McFaull, Michael D Cusimano
BACKGROUND: Elderly adults are at particular risk of sustaining a traumatic brain injury (TBI), and tend to suffer worse outcomes compared to other age groups. Falls are the leading cause of TBI among the elderly. METHODS: We examined nationwide trends in TBI hospitalizations among elderly adults (ages 65 and older) between April 2006 and March 2011 using a population-based database that is mandatory for all hospitals in Canada. Trends in admission rates were analyzed using linear regression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430143/associations-between-temperature-and-hospital-admissions-for-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-korea
#6
Suji Lee, Matthias Guth
The relationship between temperature and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is less studied than that between temperature and myocardial infarction or other cardiovascular diseases. This study investigated the association between daily temperature and risk of SAH by analyzing the hospital admission records of 111,316 SAH patients from 2004 to 2012 in Korea. A Poisson regression model was used to examine the association between temperature and daily SAH hospital admissions. To analyze data and identify vulnerable groups, we used the following subgroups: sex, age, insurance type, area (rural or urban), and different climate zones...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428863/switching-among-natal-and-auxiliary-hosts-increases-vulnerability-of-spodoptera-exigua-h%C3%A3-bner-lepidoptera-noctuidae-to-insecticides
#7
Qamar Saeed, Shafqat Saeed, Faheem Ahmad
The role of insecticidal application and host plant resistance in managing Spodoptera exigua has been well documented, but the effect of different host plants, on which the pest cycles its population in the field, has seldom been investigated. Therefore, we have studied the vulnerability of S. exigua against commonly used insecticides (cypermethrin, chlorpyrifos, lufenuron, and emamectin benzoate) with different mode of actions when it switches its generations from natal to auxiliary hosts and vice versa. Different field populations being established on different host plants including castor, cauliflower, cotton, okra, and spinach were collected and reared in the laboratory before insecticidal bioassays...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428853/coral-reef-mesopredators-switch-prey-shortening-food-chains-in-response-to-habitat-degradation
#8
Tessa N Hempson, Nicholas A J Graham, M Aaron MacNeil, David H Williamson, Geoffrey P Jones, Glenn R Almany
Diet specificity is likely to be the key predictor of a predator's vulnerability to changing habitat and prey conditions. Understanding the degree to which predatory coral reef fishes adjust or maintain prey choice, in response to declines in coral cover and changes in prey availability, is critical for predicting how they may respond to reef habitat degradation. Here, we use stable isotope analyses to characterize the trophic structure of predator-prey interactions on coral reefs of the Keppel Island Group on the southern Great Barrier Reef, Australia...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428847/lichen-acclimation-to-changing-environments-photobiont-switching-vs-climate-specific-uniqueness-in-psora-decipiens
#9
Laura Williams, Claudia Colesie, Anna Ullmann, Martin Westberg, Mats Wedin, Burkhard Büdel
Unraveling the complex relationship between lichen fungal and algal partners has been crucial in understanding lichen dispersal capacity, evolutionary processes, and responses in the face of environmental change. However, lichen symbiosis remains enigmatic, including the ability of a single fungal partner to associate with various algal partners. Psora decipiens is a characteristic lichen of biological soil crusts (BSCs), across semi-arid, temperate, and alpine biomes, which are particularly susceptible to habitat loss and climate change...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428831/cord-blood-hematopoietic-cells-from-preterm-infants-display-altered-dna-methylation-patterns
#10
Olivia M de Goede, Pascal M Lavoie, Wendy P Robinson
BACKGROUND: Premature infants are highly vulnerable to infection. This is partly attributable to the preterm immune system, which differs from that of the term neonate in cell composition and function. Multiple studies have found differential DNA methylation (DNAm) between preterm and term infants' cord blood; however, interpretation of these studies is limited by the confounding factor of blood cell composition. This study evaluates the epigenetic impact of preterm birth in isolated hematopoietic cell populations, reducing the concern of cell composition differences...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427779/fish-oil-lc-pufas-do-not-affect-blood-coagulation-parameters-and-bleeding-manifestations-analysis-of-8-clinical-studies-with-selected-patient-groups-on-omega-3-enriched-medical-nutrition
#11
Stephanie Jeansen, Renger F Witkamp, Jossie A Garthoff, Ardy van Helvoort, Philip C Calder
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The increased consumption of fish oil enriched-products exposes a wide diversity of people, including elderly and those with impaired health to relatively high amounts of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs). There is an ongoing debate around the possible adverse effects of n-3 LC-PUFAs on bleeding risk, particularly relevant in people with a medical history of cardiovascular events or using antithrombotic drugs. METHODS: This analysis of 8 clinical intervention studies conducted with enteral medical nutrition products containing fish oil as a source of n-3 LC-PUFAs addresses the occurrence of bleeding-related adverse events and effects on key coagulation parameters (Prothrombin Time [PT], (activated) and Partial Thromboplastin Time [(a)PTT])...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427731/social-identity-and-support-for-counteracting-tobacco-company-marketing-that-targets-vulnerable-populations
#12
Sabeeh A Baig, Jessica K Pepper, Jennifer C Morgan, Noel T Brewer
RATIONALE: Tobacco companies use advertising to target vulnerable populations, including youth, racial/ethnic minorities, and sexual minorities. OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine how personal identity affects support for population-specific anti-smoking advertisements that could serve as countermeasures to industry marketing practices. METHODS: In 2014-2015, we surveyed probability phone samples of adults and adolescents (n = 6,139) and an online convenience sample of adults (n = 4,137) in the United States...
April 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426892/-i-am-still-passionate-despite-the-challenges-nurses-navigating-the-care-for-refugees
#13
Olayide Ogunsiji, Harrison Ng Chok, Gladys Mashingaidze, Lesley Wilkes
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to report the challenges faced by the nursing workforce in refugee health. BACKGROUND: Nurses are in the forefront of care provision for refugees who are recognised as one of the most vulnerable population groups in the world. The number of refugees in Australia is increasing and more nurses are needed as care providers. Research on the challenges faced by refugee health nurses is sparse. DESIGN: Qualitative research methodology was used to study the experience of refugee health nurses...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426831/representation-and-reporting-of-kidney-disease-in-cerebrovascular-disease-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Ioannis Konstantinidis, Shanti Patel, Marianne Camargo, Achint Patel, Priti Poojary, Steven G Coca, Girish N Nadkarni
Patients with kidney disease (KD) are at increased risk for cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and CVD patients with KD have worse outcomes. We aimed to determine the representation of KD patients in major randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CVD interventions. We searched MEDLINE for reports of major CVD trials published through February 9, 2017. We excluded trials that did not report mortality outcomes, enrolled fewer than 100 participants, or were subgroup, follow-up, or post-hoc analyses. Two independent reviewers performed study selection and data extraction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426667/bioenergetic-status-modulates-motor-neuron-vulnerability-and-pathogenesis-in-a-zebrafish-model-of-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#15
Penelope J Boyd, Wen-Yo Tu, Hannah K Shorrock, Ewout J N Groen, Roderick N Carter, Rachael A Powis, Sophie R Thomson, Derek Thomson, Laura C Graham, Anna A L Motyl, Thomas M Wishart, J Robin Highley, Nicholas M Morton, Thomas Becker, Catherina G Becker, Paul R Heath, Thomas H Gillingwater
Degeneration and loss of lower motor neurons is the major pathological hallmark of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), resulting from low levels of ubiquitously-expressed survival motor neuron (SMN) protein. One remarkable, yet unresolved, feature of SMA is that not all motor neurons are equally affected, with some populations displaying a robust resistance to the disease. Here, we demonstrate that selective vulnerability of distinct motor neuron pools arises from fundamental modifications to their basal molecular profiles...
April 20, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426546/methamphetamine-use-and-dependence-in-vulnerable-female-populations
#16
Phunnapa Kittirattanapaiboon, Soontaree Srikosai, Apisak Wittayanookulluk
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The study reviews recent publications on methamphetamine use and dependence women in term of their epidemic, physical health impact, psychosocial impacts, and also in the identified vulnerable issues. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies of vulnerable populations of women are wide ranging and include sex workers, sexual minorities, homeless, psychiatric patients, suburban women, and pregnant women, in which amphetamine type stimulants (ATSs) are the most commonly reported illicit drug used among them...
April 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426447/measles-cases-in-children-requiring-hospital-access-in-an-academic-pediatric-hospital-in-italy-2008-2013
#17
Marta Ciofi Degli Atti, Antonietta Filia, Antonino Bella, Annamaria Sisto, Maria Antonietta Barbieri, Antonino Reale, Massimiliano Raponi
BACKGROUND: The Lazio Region is one of the Italian regions where sustained measles transmission continues to occur. We investigated measles cases reported by the Emergency Department (ED) of the largest pediatric hospital in Italy, located in Lazio. METHODS: We reviewed clinical records of all measles cases from 0 to 18 years of age evaluated in the ED in 2008-2013. We compared demographic and clinical characteristics of patients admitted to the inpatient setting with those of patients discharged home, to assess possible determinants of hospital admission...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426311/the-zika-virus-outbreak-in-brazil-knowledge-gaps-and-challenges-for-risk-reduction
#18
Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro, Elaine Silva Miranda, Carlos Machado de Freitas, Kenneth Rochel de Camargo, Hilarie Hartel Cranmer
We analyzed uncertainties and complexities of the Zika virus outbreak in Brazil, and we discuss risk reduction for future emergencies. We present the public health situation in Brazil and concurrent determinants of the epidemic and the knowledge gaps that persist despite building evidence from research, making public health decisions difficult. Brazil has adopted active measures, but producing desired outcomes may be uncertain because of partial or unavailable information. Reducing population group vulnerabilities and acting on environmental issues are medium- to long-term measures...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426307/how-california-prepared-for-implementation-of-physician-assisted-death-a-primer
#19
Laura A Petrillo, Elizabeth Dzeng, Krista L Harrison, Lindsay Forbes, Benjamin Scribner, Barbara A Koenig
Physician-assisted death is now legal in California, and similar laws are being considered in many other states. The California law includes safeguards, yet health care providers will face practical and ethical issues while implementing physician-assisted death that are not addressed by the law. To help providers and health care facilities in California prepare to provide optimal care to patients who inquire about physician-assisted death, we brought together experts from California, Oregon, and Washington...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425968/deciphering-the-multifactorial-susceptibility-of-mucosal-junction-cells-to-hpv-infection-and-related-carcinogenesis
#20
REVIEW
Michael Herfs, Thing R Soong, Philippe Delvenne, Christopher P Crum
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced neoplasms have long been considered to originate from viral infection of the basal cell layer of the squamous mucosa. However, this paradigm has been recently undermined by accumulating data supporting the critical role of a discrete population of squamo-columnar (SC) junction cells in the pathogenesis of cervical (pre)cancers. The present review summarizes the current knowledge on junctional cells, discusses their high vulnerability to HPV infection, and stresses the potential clinical/translational value of the novel dualistic model of HPV-related carcinogenesis...
April 20, 2017: Viruses
keyword
keyword
25170
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"