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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749526/adaptation-to-the-spanish-population-of-the-substance-use-risk-profile-scale-surps-and-psychometric-properties
#1
Fermín Fernández-Calderón, Carmen Díaz-Batanero, Antonio J Rojas-Tejada, Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Óscar M Lozano-Rojas
The identification of different personality risk profiles for substance misuse is useful in preventing substance-related problems. This study aims to test the psychometric properties of a new version of the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS) for Spanish college students. Cross-sectional study with 455 undergraduate students from four Spanish universities. A new version of the SURPS, adapted to the Spanish population, was administered with the Beck Hopelessness Scale, the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)...
July 14, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749525/perceived-barriers-to-implementing-screening-and-brief-intervention-for-alcohol-consumption-by-adolescents-in-hospital-emergency-department-in-spain
#2
María Falcón, Javier Navarro-Zaragoza, Rosa María García-Rodríguez, Daniel Nova-López, María Dulce González-Navarro, María Mercadal, Oscar García-Algar, Aurelio Luna Ruiz-Cabello
BACKGROUND: Screening for alcohol consumption in adolescents is widely justified in the health care field because of the particular vulnerability of this population, which starts drinking alcohol at a very early age and frequently consumes high levels of the same. Hospital emergency departments (ED) could be a good venue to manage early detection and carry out brief intervention (BI) programmes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify perceived barriers for medical staff of three hospitals in Spain to successfully implement a protocol for alcohol detection and BI for minors in the ED...
July 14, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749014/use-of-the-control-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma-test-and-pulmonary-function-tests-to-assess-asthma-control-in-pregnancy
#3
Luís Amaral, Carla Martins, Alice Coimbra
INTRODUCTION: Asthma is one of the most prevalent chronic medical conditions to complicate pregnancy. Similarly, active management strategies that prioritise asthma control in this vulnerable population can have a far-reaching impact. AIM: To describe lung function parameters and results of the Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test (CARAT) questionnaire in pregnant asthmatics and to analyse correlations between lung function tests and CARAT results. METHODS: All pregnant asthmatics who performed spirometry and CARAT between September 2014 and August 2015 were included...
July 27, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747518/targeted-molecular-radiotherapy-of-pediatric-solid-tumors-using-a-radioiodinated-alkyl-phospholipid-ether-analog
#4
Dana C Baiu, Ian R Marsh, Alexander E Boruch, Ankita Shahi, Saswati Bhattacharya, Justin J Jeffery, Qianqian Zhao, Lance Hall, Jamey P Weichert, Bryan Bednarz, Mario Otto
External beam radiotherapy plays a critical role in the treatment of most pediatric solid tumors. Particularly in children, achieving an optimal therapeutic index to avoid damage to normal tissue is extremely important. Consequently, in metastatic disease, the utility of external beam radiotherapy is very limited. Molecular radiotherapy with tumor-targeted radionuclides may overcome some of these challenges, but to date no single cancer selective agent exists, capable of treating various pediatric malignancies independent of their histopathological origin...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746768/de-extinction-and-the-community-of-being
#5
Curt Meine
Extinction deeply colors the way we think about conservation and the role of humans in nature. It is easy to overlook how recently, in fact, it has entered our consciousness. Only in the last two centuries has science sought to critically study life's origins, development, and diversification. Only in the last several generations have we identified and calibrated life's five major extinction events and speculated on their causes and effects. And only in recent decades have we come to appreciate the still-unfolding fate of life's diversity under the increasing influence of humanity...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746700/risk-factors-for-melanoma-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#6
Mona Ascha, Mustafa S Ascha, Joseph Tanenbaum, Jeremy S Bordeaux
Importance: Melanoma risk factors and incidence in renal transplant recipients can inform decision making for both patients and clinicians. Objective: To determine risk factors and characteristics of renal transplant recipients who develop melanoma. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study of a large national data registry used a cohort of renal transplant recipients from the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) database from the years 2004 through 2012...
July 26, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746575/social-determinants-of-leprosy-in-a-hyperendemic-state-in-north-brazil
#7
Lorena Dias Monteiro, Rosa Maria Salani Mota, Francisco Rogerlândio Martins-Melo, Carlos Henrique Alencar, Jorg Heukelbach
OBJECTIVE: To identify the socioeconomic, demographic, operational, and health service-related factors associated with the occurrence of leprosy in a hyperendemic State in North Brazil. METHODS: This is an ecological study based on secondary data from the Sistema de Informações de Agravos de Notificação in municipalities of the State of Tocantins from 2001 to 2012. Units of analysis were the 139 municipalities of the State. Negative binomial log linear regression models were used to estimate incidence rate ratios...
July 20, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745011/enhancing-prevention-and-intervention-for-youth-concurrent-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders-the-research-and-action-for-teens-study
#8
Joanna L Henderson, E B Brownlie, Shelley McMain, Gloria Chaim, David A Wolfe, Brian Rush, Tali Boritz, Joseph H Beitchman
BACKGROUND: Concurrent mental health and substance use disorders among youth are associated with functional impairment in developmentally salient domains, yet research on prevention and intervention for this vulnerable population is sparse. This paper describes the rationale and design of the Research and Action for Teens study, an initiative designed to strengthen the evidence base for prevention, screening, treatment and service delivery for youth concurrent mental health and substance use concerns...
July 26, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743753/spatial-gene-drives-and-pushed-genetic-waves
#9
Hidenori Tanaka, Howard A Stone, David R Nelson
Gene drives have the potential to rapidly replace a harmful wild-type allele with a gene drive allele engineered to have desired functionalities. However, an accidental or premature release of a gene drive construct to the natural environment could damage an ecosystem irreversibly. Thus, it is important to understand the spatiotemporal consequences of the super-Mendelian population genetics before potential applications. Here, we use a reaction-diffusion model for sexually reproducing diploid organisms to study how a locally introduced gene drive allele spreads to replace the wild-type allele, although it possesses a selective disadvantage s > 0...
July 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743254/association-between-serotonin-transporter-gene-polymorphisms-and-increased-suicidal-risk-among-hiv-positive-patients-in-uganda
#10
Allan Kalungi, Soraya Seedat, Sian M J Hemmings, Lize van der Merwe, Moses L Joloba, Ann Nanteza, Noeline Nakassujja, Harriet Birabwa, Jennifer Serwanga, Pontiano Kaleebu, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: Persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) are at an increased risk of suicide. Increased suicidal risk is a predictor of future attempted and completed suicides and has been associated with poor quality of life and poor adherence with antiretroviral therapy. Clinical risk factors have low predictive value for suicide, hence the interest in potential neurobiological correlates and specific heritable markers of suicide vulnerability. The serotonin transporter gene has previously been implicated in the aetiology of increased suicidal risk in non-HIV infected study populations and its variations may provide a platform for identifying genetic risk for suicidality among PLWHA...
July 25, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743238/determinants-of-stunting-and-severe-stunting-among-burundian-children-aged-6-23-months-evidence-from-a-national-cross-sectional-household-survey-2014
#11
Sandra Nkurunziza, Bruno Meessen, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Catherine Korachais
BACKGROUND: Burundi is one of the poorest countries and is among the four countries with the highest prevalence of stunting (58%) among children aged less than 5 years. This situation undermines the economic growth of the country as undernutrition is strongly associated with less schooling and reduced economic productivity. Identifying the determinants of stunting and severe stunting may help policy-makers to direct the limited Burundian resources to the most vulnerable segments of the population, and thus make it more cost effective...
July 25, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742848/indicators-to-measure-risk-of-disaster-associated-with-drought-implications-for-the-health-sector
#12
Aderita Sena, Kristie L Ebi, Carlos Freitas, Carlos Corvalan, Christovam Barcellos
INTRODUCTION: Brazil has a large semiarid region, which covers part of 9 states, over 20% of the 5565 municipalities in the country and at 22.5 million persons, 12% of the country's population. This region experiences recurrent and extended droughts and is characterized by low economic development, scarcity of natural resources including water, and difficult agricultural and livestock production. Local governments and communities need easily obtainable tools to aid their decision making process in managing risks associated with drought...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739059/postoperative-pain-and-analgesia-in-children-undergoing-palatal-surgery-a-retrospective-chart-review
#13
Marissa Milchak, Priti G Dalal, Diane E McCloskey, Thomas Samson
PURPOSE: Pediatric patients undergoing palatal surgery may experience significant postoperative pain. Undertreatment of acute postoperative pain may impact postoperative bleeding and recovery. The primary objectives of this study were to evaluate the severity of acute postoperative pain scores, analgesia management, and discharge times after palatal surgery. DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for all patients aged <18 years, born with cleft palate who underwent palatal surgery over a 1-year period...
August 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738781/the-value-of-a-new-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-protocol-in-myocardial-infarction-with-non-obstructive-coronary-arteries-minoca-a-case-control-study-using-historical-controls-from-a-previous-study-with-similar-inclusion-criteria
#14
Per Tornvall, E B Brolin, K Caidahl, K Cederlund, O Collste, M Daniel, C Ekenbäck, J Jensen, S Y-Hassan, L Henareh, C Hofman-Bang, P Lyngå, E Maret, N Sarkar, J Spaak, M Sundqvist, P Sörensson, M Ugander, S Agewall
BACKGROUND: Myocardial Infarction with Non-Obstructive Coronary Arteries (MINOCA) is common with a prevalence of 6% of all patients fulfilling the diagnosis of myocardial infarction. MINOCA should be considered a working diagnosis. Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) imaging has recently been suggested to be of great value to determine the cause behind MINOCA. The objectives of this paper are to describe the rationale behind the second Stockholm Myocardial Infarction with Normal Coronaries (SMINC-2) study and to discuss the protocol for investigation of MINOCA patients in the light of the recently published position paper from the European Society of Cardiology...
July 24, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738761/peer-led-aboriginal-parent-support-program-development-for-vulnerable-populations-with-participatory-action-research
#15
Ailsa Munns, Christine Toye, Desley Hegney, Marion Kickett, Rhonda Marriott, Roz Walker
BACKGROUND: Participatory action research is a credible, culturally appropriate methodology that can be used to effect collaborative change within vulnerable populations. AIM/OBJECTIVE: This participatory action research study was undertaken in a Western Australian metropolitan setting to develop and evaluate the suitability, feasibility and effectiveness of an Aboriginal peer-led home visiting program. A secondary aim, addressed in this paper, was to explore and describe research methodology used for the study and provide recommendations for its implementation in other similar situations...
July 25, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737195/-maternal-postnatal-depression-and-its-impact-on-child-neurodevelopment-a-cohort-study
#16
Gabriel González, Mario Moraes, Claudio Sosa, Eleuterio Umpierrez, María Duarte, José Cal, Andrea Ghione
Post partum depresion (DPP) is the most frequent psquiatric disorder in pregnant woman and it may affect the neurodevelopment of their offspring. Our goal was to analyze the association between maternal depressive symptoms at 6 months after birth and child’s neurodevelopmental disorders at 18 months-old, in a homogeneous population characterized by low socioeconomic and cultural level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. There were included 127 healthy postpartum women and their infants...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736840/issop-position-statement-on-migrant-child-health
#17
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Greater numbers of children are on the move than ever before. In 2015, the number of forcibly displaced people across the globe reached 65.3 million. Of the more than 1 million migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees who arrived in Europe in 2015, nearly one third were children, and 90,000 of these children were unaccompanied. Child migrants are among the most vulnerable, even after arriving at their destination. The health of migrant children is related to their health status before their journey, the conditions during their journey and at their destination, and the physical and mental health of their caregivers...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736680/spatiotemporal-identification-of-potential-tsunami-vertical-evacuation-sites-a-case-study-of-shizuoka-city-japan
#18
Gerasimos Voulgaris, Jelena Aleksejeva
INTRODUCTION: The city of Shizuoka directly faces the Nankai Trough (known for its tsunamigenic history), and is facing a potential tsunami threat. In this setting vertical evacuation can be of great significance in reducing loss of life. METHODS: We apply a GIS based method in order to identify sites that could be utilized for vertical evacuation within the existing building stock of the city, under two tsunami scenarios of 5 and 10 meters of run-up. For each building, we estimate the volume that is expected to be lost per scenario, as well as the number of people inside and how that number fluctuates over different times of the day...
April 24, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734793/hardware-failure-in-patients-with-metastatic-cancer-to-the-spine
#19
Rachel Pedreira, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, A Karim Ahmed, Rafael De la Garza-Ramos, C Rory Goodwin, Ziya L Gokaslan, Justin Sacks, Daniel M Sciubba
BACKGROUND: The spine is the most common site of skeletal metastases, affecting approximately 30% of individuals with cancer. The aim of surgical treatment for metastatic spine disease is generally palliative to address pain and/or neurologic compromise, significantly improving patients' quality of life. Patients with metastatic spine disease, however, represent a vulnerable cohort and may have comorbidities or previous treatments that impair the structural integrity of spinal hardware...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734784/drug-delivery-innovations-to-address-global-health-challenges-for-pediatric-and-geriatric-populations-through-improvements-in-patient-compliance
#20
Joshua Boateng
Despite significant advances in pharmaceutical and biotechnological drug discovery, the global population is plagued with many challenging diseases. These are further compounded by anticipated explosion in an ageing population, which presents several problems such as polypharmacy, dysphagia and neurological conditions, resulting in non-compliance and disease complications. For antibiotics, poor compliance, can result in development of drug resistant infections which can be fatal. Further, children, especially, in developing countries die unnecessarily from easily treatable diseases (e...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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