keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disadvantaged populations

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527952/community-gardening-in-poor-neighborhoods-in-france-a-way-to-re-think-food-practices
#1
Pauline Martin, Jean-Noël Consalès, Pascale Scheromm, Paul Marchand, Florence Ghestem, Nicole Darmon
Social inequalities in diet are attributed to sociocultural determinants, economic constraints, and unequal access to healthy food. Fruits and vegetables are lacking in the diets of disadvantaged populations. The objective was to test the hypothesis that, in poor neighborhoods, community gardeners will have larger supply of healthy food, especially fruit and vegetables, than non-gardeners. We examined community gardens from the perspective of production, economics and nutrition, and social and symbolic dimensions, through multidisciplinary investigations involving women with access to a community garden plot in a poor neighborhood of Marseille, France...
May 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526984/reduced-weed-seed-shattering-by-silencing-a-cultivated-rice-gene-strategic-mitigation-for-escaped-transgenes
#2
Huanxin Yan, Lei Li, Ping Liu, Xiaoqi Jiang, Lei Wang, Jia Fang, Zhimin Lin, Feng Wang, Jun Su, Bao-Rong Lu
Transgene flow form a genetically engineered (GE) crop to its wild relatives may result in unwanted environmental consequences. Mitigating transgenes via introducing a gene that is disadvantageous to wild relatives but beneficial to crops, and is tightly-linked with the target transgenes, may provide a promising solution to limit the spread of transgenes in wild/weedy populations. Here we demonstrate a novel system with significantly reduced seed shattering in crop-weed hybrid descendants by partially silenced expression of the seed-shattering gene SH4 in cultivated rice, using artificial microRNA and antisense RNA techniques...
May 19, 2017: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526250/sleep-problems-in-the-first-year-of-elementary-school-the-role-of-sleep-hygiene-gender-and-socioeconomic-status
#3
Laura K Uebergang, Sarah J Arnup, Harriet Hiscock, Esther Care, Jon Quach
OBJECTIVES: To determine (1) the relationship between sleep hygiene practices and parent-reported child sleep problems in students in the first year of elementary school, (2) whether the relationship differed by (a) gender and (b) SES and (3) in a multivariate explanatory model. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of a population-based sample. SETTING: Forty-five elementary schools in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Families of children aged 4-6 years in the first year of elementary school in Melbourne, Australia...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525611/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-higher-level-functional-limitations-among-older-japanese-people-results-from-the-jages-study
#4
Airi Amemiya, Takeo Fujiwara, Hiroshi Murayama, Yukako Tani, Katsunori Kondo
Background.: A life-course perspective is essential in understanding the determinants of higher-level functional limitations. We examine the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on higher-level functional limitations in older people. Methods.: Data were from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study 2013, a population-based cohort of independent people aged 65 years or older across Japan (n = 19,220). ACEs before the age of 18 were assessed in terms of seven adversities: parental death, parental divorce, parental mental illness, family violence, physical abuse, psychological neglect, and psychological abuse...
May 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525440/prevention-and-management-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-using-social-capital-and-physical-activity-among-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-populations
#5
Akiko Kamimura, Jennifer Tabler, Maziar M Nourian, Nushean Assasnik, Lindsey Wright, Jeanie Ashby
The purpose of this study is to examine the association between physical activity adherence and social capital among uninsured primary care patients with or without hypertension and/or diabetes. Uninsured adults using a free clinic (N = 374) participated in a self-administered survey from January to April in 2016. The percentage of participants who were adherent to physical activity was low regardless of having hypertension and/or diabetes, or not. Individuals who reported a high sense of community were associated with a higher percentage of physical activity adherence...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521791/exploring-the-role-of-socioeconomic-factors-in-the-development-and-spread-of-anti-malarial-drug-resistance-a-qualitative-study
#6
Philip Emeka Anyanwu, John Fulton, Etta Evans, Timothy Paget
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a global health issue with the burden unevenly distributed to the disadvantage of the developing countries of the world. Poverty contributes to the malaria burden as it has the ability to affect integral aspects of malaria control. There have been renewed efforts in the global malaria control, resulting in reductions in the global malaria burden over the last decade. However, the development of resistance to artemisinin-based combination therapy threatens the sustainability of the present success in malaria control...
May 18, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521624/early-life-socioeconomic-status-and-adult-physiological-functioning-a-life-course-examination-of-biosocial-mechanisms
#7
Yang Claire Yang, Karen Gerken, Kristen Schorpp, Courtney Boen, Kathleen Mullan Harris
A growing literature has demonstrated a link between early-life socioeconomic conditions and adult health at a singular point in life. No research exists, however, that specifies the life course patterns of socioeconomic status (SES) in relation to the underlying biological processes that determine health. Using an innovative life course research design consisting of four nationally representative longitudinal datasets that collectively cover the human life span from early adolescence to old age (Add Health, MIDUS, NSHAP, and HRS), we address this scientific gap and assess how SES pathways from childhood into adulthood are associated with biophysiological outcomes in different adult life stages...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521056/ethnic-minority-status-age-at-immigration-and-psychosis-risk-in-rural-environments-evidence-from-the-sepea-study
#8
James B Kirkbride, Yasir Hameed, Konstantinos Ioannidis, Gayatri Ankireddypalli, Carolyn M Crane, Mukhtar Nasir, Nikolett Kabacs, Antonio Metastasio, Oliver Jenkins, Ashkan Espandian, Styliani Spyridi, Danica Ralevic, Suneetha Siddabattuni, Ben Walden, Adewale Adeoye, Jesus Perez, Peter B Jones
Objective: Several ethnic minority groups experience elevated rates of first-episode psychosis (FEP), but most studies have been conducted in urban settings. We investigated whether incidence varied by ethnicity, generation status, and age-at-immigration in a diverse, mixed rural, and urban setting. Method: We identified 687 people, 16-35 years, with an ICD-10 diagnosis of FEP, presenting to Early Intervention Psychosis services in the East of England over 2 million person-years...
May 17, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520683/socioeconomic-consequences-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#9
Megan R W Barber, Ann E Clarke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review addresses recent literature investigating the socioeconomic consequences of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We highlight the latest updates on health disparities affecting the SLE population, the direct and indirect economic costs of the disease, and less quantifiable costs such as reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). RECENT FINDINGS: Health disparities continue to exist among socially disadvantaged populations, including African Americans, Hispanics, and patients with decreased educational attainment and in poverty...
May 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515549/evaluation-of-modified-patient-health-questionnaire-9-teen-in-south-african-adolescents
#10
Shilpa Aggarwal, Lian Taljard, Zane Wilson, Michael Berk
BACKGROUND: This report describes the findings of the survey conducted by South African Depression and Anxiety Group (SADAG) in a cohort of disadvantaged South African adolescent scholars in which PHQ-9 teen version was modified and adapted (PHQ-9M) to improve the response rate. METHOD: PHQ-9M was administered to 2025 secondary students of 35 schools over 2 years in Gauteng Province, South Africa. RESULTS: The mean age was 15.8 years. 23% of respondents scored 9 or above, 26...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513790/-sanitation-and-racial-inequality-conditions-in-urban-brazil-an-analysis-focused-on-the-indigenous-population-based-on-the-2010-population-census
#11
Ludimila Raupp, Thatiana Regina Fávaro, Geraldo Marcelo Cunha, Ricardo Ventura Santos
Objective: The aims of this study were to analyze and describe the presence and infrastructure of basic sanitation in the urban areas of Brazil, contrasting indigenous with non-indigenous households. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on microdata from the 2010 Census was conducted. The analyses were based on descriptive statistics (prevalence) and the construction of multiple logistic regression models (adjusted by socioeconomic and demographic covariates). The odds ratios were estimated for the association between the explanatory variables (covariates) and the outcome variables (water supply, sewage, garbage collection, and adequate sanitation)...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502310/variations-in-out-of-pocket-costs-for-primary-care-services-across-australia-a-regional-analysis
#12
Emily Callander, Sarah Larkins, Lisa Corscadden
The aim of this study is to describe average out-of-pocket costs across different regions of Australia, as defined by Primary Health Network (PHN) boundaries, and assess the association between population characteristics and out-of-pocket costs for selected primary care services. A combination of descriptive and regression analysis was undertaken using administrative data from the Australian Department of Human Services reporting on the health services used across PHNs in Australia. Those in regional areas paid significantly more for Allied Health services than those in capital cities (A$5...
May 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501755/new-challenges-for-verbal-autopsy-considering-the-ethical-and-social-implications-of-verbal-autopsy-methods-in-routine-health-information-systems
#13
REVIEW
Hebe N Gouda, Abraham D Flaxman, Claire E Brolan, Rohina Joshi, Ian D Riley, Carla AbouZahr, Sonja Firth, Rasika Rampatige, Alan D Lopez
Verbal autopsy (VA) methods are designed to collect cause-of-death information from populations where many deaths occur outside of health facilities and where death certification is weak or absent. A VA consists of an interview with a relative or carer of a recently deceased individual in order to gather information on the signs and symptoms the decedent presented with prior to death. These details are then used to determine and assign a likely cause-of-death. At a population level this information can be invaluable to help guide prioritisation and direct health policy and services...
May 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489610/invasive-and-noninvasive-means-of-measuring-intracranial-pressure-a-review
#14
Xuan Zhang, Joshua Medow, Bermans Iskandar, Fa Wang, Mehdi Shokoueinejad, Joyce Koueik, John Webster
Measurement of intracranial pressure (ICP) can be invaluable in the management of critically ill patients. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is produced by the choroid plexus in the brain ventricles (a set of communicating chambers), after which it circulates through the different ventricles and exits into the subarachnoid space (SAS) around the brain, where it is reabsorbed into the venous system. If the fluid does not drain out of the brain or get reabsorbed, the ICP increases, which may lead to brain damage or death...
May 10, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486206/ethnic-group-socioeconomic-status-as-an-indicator-of-community-level-disadvantage-a-study-of-overweight-obesity-in-asian-american-adolescents
#15
Won Kim Cook, Winston Tseng, Christina Tam, Iyanrick John, Camillia Lui
Asian American children and adolescents are an under-investigated subpopulation in obesity research. Informed by a wide socioeconomic diversity among Asian American ethnic groups, this study explored ethnic-group socioeconomic status (SES) as an indicator of community-level disadvantage that may influence overweight/obesity in Asian American adolescents. We hypothesized that ethnic-group SES was inversely associated with overweight/obesity in Asian American adolescents. Multiple logistic regression models were fitted using a sample of 1525 Asian American adolescents ages 12-17 from pooled 2007-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) data...
April 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484362/socio-demographic-characteristics-and-tobacco-use-among-the-adults-in-urban-slums-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#16
Nusrat Nausheen Khandker, Tuhin Biswas, Abdullah Nurus Salam Khan, Enamul Hasib, Lal B Rawal
BACKGROUND: Use of tobacco has become one of the major causes of premature deaths in most developing countries, including Bangladesh. The poorest and most disadvantaged populations, such as those living in slums, are considered to be extremely vulnerable to non-communicable diseases and their risk factors, especially tobacco use. The objective of this study was to assess the current status of tobacco consumption among slum dwellers and its association with socio-demographic factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three slums of Dhaka city...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479621/increased-immunization-coverage-addresses-the-equity-gap-in-nepal
#17
Ashish Kc, Viktoria Nelin, Hendrikus Raaijmakers, Hyung Joon Kim, Chahana Singh, Mats Målqvist
OBJECTIVE: To compare immunization coverage and equity distribution of coverage between 2001 and 2014 in Nepal. METHODS: We used data from the Demographic and Health Surveys carried out in 2001, 2006 and 2011 together with data from the 2014 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey. We calculated the proportion, in mean percentage, of children who had received bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine, three doses of polio vaccine, three doses of diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus (DPT) vaccine and measles vaccine...
April 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479612/the-new-destination-disadvantage-disparities-in-hispanic-health-insurance-coverage-rates-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-new-and-established-destinations
#18
Shannon M Monnat
Hispanics have the lowest health insurance rates of any racial/ethnic group, but rates vary significantly across the U.S. The unprecedented growth of the Hispanic population since 1990 in rural areas with previously small or non-existent Hispanic populations raises questions about disparities in access to health insurance coverage. Identifying spatial disparities in Hispanic health insurance rates can illuminate the specific contexts within which Hispanics are least likely to have health care access and inform policy approaches for increasing coverage in different spatial contexts...
March 2017: Rural Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476725/mobile-phone-surveys-for-collecting-population-level-estimates-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-literature-review
#19
Dustin G Gibson, Amanda Pereira, Brooke A Farrenkopf, Alain B Labrique, George W Pariyo, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: National and subnational level surveys are important for monitoring disease burden, prioritizing resource allocation, and evaluating public health policies. As mobile phone access and ownership become more common globally, mobile phone surveys (MPSs) offer an opportunity to supplement traditional public health household surveys. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically review the current landscape of MPSs to collect population-level estimates in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476357/a-sound-advantage-increased-auditory-capacity-in-autism
#20
Anna Remington, Jake Fairnie
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has an intriguing auditory processing profile. Individuals show enhanced pitch discrimination, yet often find seemingly innocuous sounds distressing. This study used two behavioural experiments to examine whether an increased capacity for processing sounds in ASD could underlie both the difficulties and enhanced abilities found in the auditory domain. Autistic and non-autistic young adults performed a set of auditory detection and identification tasks designed to tax processing capacity and establish the extent of perceptual capacity in each population...
April 27, 2017: Cognition
keyword
keyword
25169
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"