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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209684/medicine-inside-prisons-participatory-research-and-practising-with-hope-behind-bars
#1
Sarah de Leeuw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208786/policy-research-and-residents-perspectives-on-built-environments-implicated-in-heart-disease-a-concept-mapping-approach
#2
Ivana Stankov, Natasha J Howard, Mark Daniel, Margaret Cargo
An underrepresentation of stakeholder perspectives within urban health research arguably limits our understanding of what is a multi-dimensional and complex relationship between the built environment and health. By engaging a wide range of stakeholders using a participatory concept mapping approach, this study aimed to achieve a more holistic and nuanced understanding of the built environments shaping disease risk, specifically cardiometabolic risk (CMR). Moreover, this study aimed to ascertain the importance and changeability of identified environments through government action...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207680/cultural-contributors-to-smoking-susceptibility-outcomes-among-latino-youth-the-padres-informados-jovenes-preparados-participatory-trial
#3
Michele L Allen, G Ali Hurtado, Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Cynthia Davey, Jean Forster, Ursula Reynoso, Silvia Alvarez de Davila, Roxana Linares, Nancy Gonzales, María Veronica Svetaz
Padres Informados/Jovenes Preparados is a community-based participatory, family-focused tobacco prevention intervention for immigrant Latino families of adolescents. We conducted a participatory randomized controlled trial including 352 Latino families. Parents and youth in the intervention condition engaged in eight family skill building sessions. Participants completed baseline and 6-month postintervention surveys assessing smoking susceptibility and contextual factors. While the intervention did not affect smoking susceptibility overall, it resulted in lower smoking susceptibility among youth in families with less adherence to traditional Latino cultural values...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207679/using-community-based-participatory-research-and-human-centered-design-to-address-violence-related-health-disparities-among-latino-a-youth
#4
Maryam Kia-Keating, Diana E Santacrose, Sabrina R Liu, Jessica Adams
High rates of exposure to violence and other adversities among Latino/a youth contribute to health disparities. The current article addresses the ways in which community-based participatory research (CBPR) and human-centered design (HCD) can help engage communities in dialogue and action. We present a project exemplifying how community forums, with researchers, practitioners, and key stakeholders, including youths and parents, integrated HCD strategies with a CBPR approach. Given the potential for power inequities among these groups, CBPR + HCD acted as a catalyst for reciprocal dialogue and generated potential opportunity areas for health promotion and change...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207603/needs-of-stroke-survivors-as-perceived-by-their-caregivers-a-scoping-review
#5
Shilpa Krishnan, Monique R Pappadis, Susan C Weller, Marsja Stearnes, Amit Kumar, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Timothy A Reistetter
OBJECTIVE: Caregivers usually are not involved while planning the stroke survivor's medical and rehabilitation goals and interventions. This review aimed to identify the needs of stroke survivors as perceived by their caregivers. DESIGN: A literature search from 2003 to 2014 was conducted using Medline, CINAHL, PsychINFO, and Google Scholar. Sixty-six studies were included. Most studies excluded did not encompass caregivers' perspectives. Four reviewers screened the titles, abstracts, and full texts of the articles for inclusion...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203262/participatory-epidemiology-the-contribution-of-participatory-research-to-epidemiology
#6
REVIEW
Mario Bach, Susanne Jordan, Susanne Hartung, Claudia Santos-Hövener, Michael T Wright
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology has contributed in many ways to identifying various risk factors for disease and to promoting population health. However, there is a continuing debate about the ability of epidemiology not only to describe, but also to provide results which can be better translated into public health practice. It has been proposed that participatory research approaches be applied to epidemiology as a way to bridge this gap between description and action. A systematic account of what constitutes participatory epidemiology practice has, however, been lacking...
2017: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202429/virtual-patient-technology-engaging-primary-care-in-quality-improvement-innovations
#7
Amanda C Blok, Christine N May, Rajani S Sadasivam, Thomas K Houston
BACKGROUND: Engaging health care staff in new quality improvement programs is challenging. OBJECTIVE: We developed 2 virtual patient (VP) avatars in the context of a clinic-level quality improvement program. We sought to determine differences in preferences for VPs and the perceived influence of interacting with the VP on clinical staff engagement with the quality improvement program. METHODS: Using a participatory design approach, we developed an older male smoker VP and a younger female smoker VP...
February 15, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195660/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-adoption-of-ergonomic-solutions-in-construction
#8
Ann Marie Dale, Lisa Jaegers, Laura Welch, Ellen Barnidge, Nancy Weaver, Bradley A Evanoff
BACKGROUND: Rates of musculoskeletal disorders in construction remain high. Few studies have described barriers and facilitators to the use of available ergonomic solutions. This paper describes these barriers and facilitators and their relationship to the level of adoption. METHODS: Three analysts rated 16 proposed ergonomic solutions from a participatory ergonomics study and assessed the level of adoption, six adoption characteristics, and identified the category of adoption from a theoretical model...
March 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192425/improving-access-to-chagas-disease-diagnosis-and-etiologic-treatment-in-remote-rural-communities-of-the-argentine-chaco-through-strengthened-primary-health-care-and-broad-social-participation
#9
Paula Sartor, Ivana Colaianni, M Victoria Cardinal, Jacqueline Bua, Héctor Freilij, Ricardo E Gürtler
BACKGROUND: Rural populations in the Gran Chaco region have large prevalence rates of Trypanosoma cruzi infection and very limited access to diagnosis and treatment. We implemented an innovative strategy to bridge these gaps in 13 rural villages of Pampa del Indio held under sustained vector surveillance and control. METHODOLOGY: The non-randomized treatment program included participatory workshops, capacity strengthening of local health personnel, serodiagnosis, qualitative and quantitative PCRs, a 60-day treatment course with benznidazole and follow-up...
February 13, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191650/theorizing-critical-placemaking-as-a-tool-for-reclaiming-public-space
#10
Erin E Toolis
As economic inequality and segregation continue to grow in the U.S., psychology has an important role to play in exploring and promoting processes that can disrupt social injustice. This paper identifies the privatization of public space as a social problem that contributes to the entrenchment of social, economic, and racial inequality, and advances "critical placemaking" as a tool for reclaiming public space for public use. Drawing from key concepts in environmental psychology, narrative psychology, and community psychology, the proposed framework seeks to theorize the processes by which placemaking may contribute to transforming community narratives and building more inclusive, participatory, and democratic communities...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191505/correlates-of-health-communication-preferences-in-a-multiethnic-population-of-pregnant-women-and-mothers-of-young-children
#11
Katrina Daoud, Audra Gollenberg, Kim Fendley
BACKGROUND: As posited in multiple health communication theories, it is vital to understand modern health communication preferences among communities in order to develop tailored interventions to reduce Infant Mortality (IM). Literature suggests that health communication inequalities play an important role in infant health knowledge gaps, thus contributing to the disparate IM rates. We sought to understand preferred methods of communication among expectant or mothers of young children of varying sociodemographics...
March 2016: J Health Educ Res Dev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188946/integration-of-cognitive-skills-as-a-cross-cutting-theme-into-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-at-tehran-university-of-medical-sciences
#12
Akbar Soltani, Maryam Allaa, Hamideh Moosapour, Azadeh Aletaha, Farzaneh Shahrtash, Alireza Monajemi, Tohid Arastoo, Maryam Ahmadinejad, Azim Mirzazadeh, Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad
Nowadays, improvement of thinking skills of students is one of the universally supported aims in the majority of medical schools. This study aims to design longitudinal theme of reasoning, problem-solving and decision-making into the undergraduate medical curriculum at Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). A participatory approach was applied to design the curriculum during 2009-2011. The project was conducted by the contribution of representatives of both basic and clinical faculty members, students and graduates at Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188767/social-network-analysis-of-food-sharing-among-households-in-opisthorchiasis-endemic-villages-of-lawa-lake-thailand
#13
Waraphon Phimpraphai, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Piya Sereerak, Suwicha Kasemsuwan, Banchob Sripa
Consumption of raw fish is a well-documented risk factor for Opisthorchis viverrini infection. Sharing of food, especially raw fish recipes may influence the spread of disease through a community. Using social network analysis of an ego network, we investigated food sharing among households in an Opisthorchis-endemic area. Network centrality properties were used to explain the differences in O. viverrini transmission and control between villages with a low and high prevalence of infection. Information on demography and O...
February 7, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187742/regulatory-role-of-cytosolic-phospholipase-a2-alpha-in-the-induction-of-cd40-in-microglia
#14
Yafa Fetfet Malada-Edelstein, Nurit Hadad, Rachel Levy
BACKGROUND: The aberrant expression of CD40, a co-stimulatory receptor found on the antigen-presenting cells, is involved in the pathogenesis of various degenerative diseases. Our previous study demonstrated that the reduction of cytosolic phospholipase A2 alpha (cPLA2α) protein overexpression and activation in the spinal cord of a mouse model of ALS, hmSOD1 G93A, inhibited CD40 upregulation in microglia. The present study was designed to determine whether cPLA2α has a direct, participatory role in the molecular events leading to CD40 induction...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186073/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-ubiquitous-computing-delivering-better-health-or-co-incidental-health-benefits-from-technology-use-a-participatory-observational-study
#15
Kwang Chien Yee, Ming Chao Wong, Paul Turner
Stimulating sustained behavioural change through information and technology has been an aim of much health informatics research. Traditional approaches use technology to mediate communications between health professionals and patients. More recent lifestyle technologies engage the patient directly with information and advice - but what of the phenomena that is Pokémon Go - does it point to another way of achieving health benefits through fun? This paper aims to explore some of the conceptual questions for health informatics stimulated by the phenomenal popularity of Pokémon Go...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185592/unlocking-community-capabilities-for-improving-maternal-and-newborn-health-participatory-action-research-to-improve-birth-preparedness-health-facility-access-and-newborn-care-in-rural-uganda
#16
Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Gertrude Namazzi, Moses Tetui, Aloysius Mutebi, Peter Waiswa, Htet Oo, David H Peters, Asha S George
BACKGROUND: Community capacities and resources must be harnessed to complement supply side initiatives addressing high maternal and neonatal mortality rates in Uganda. This paper reflects on gains, challenges and lessons learnt from working with communities to improve maternal and newborn health in rural Uganda. METHODS: A participatory action research project was supported from 2012 to 2015 in three eastern districts. This project involved working with households, saving groups, sub county and district leaders, transporters and village health teams in diagnosing causes of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity, developing action plans to address these issues, taking action and learning from action in a cyclical manner...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185584/unlocking-community-capability-through-promotion-of-self-help-for-health-experience-from-chakaria-bangladesh
#17
Abbas Bhuiya, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque
BACKGROUND: People's participation in health, enshrined in the 1978 Alma Ata declaration, seeks to tap into community capability for better health and empowerment. One mechanism to promote participation in health is through participatory action research (PAR) methods. Beginning in 1994, the Bangladeshi research organization ICDDR,B implemented a project "self-help for health," to work with existing rural self-help organizations (SHOs). SHOs are organizations formed by villagers for their well-being through their own initiatives without external material help...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185496/identifying-and-managing-underperformance-in-nursing-students-lessons-from-practice
#18
Chris Elliott
This article presents an analysis of the reflective practice of mentors and student nurses who were interviewed as part of a personal skill improvement project. Colleagues and students were asked to provide feedback on their perceptions of how the author demonstrated the skill of identifying and managing underperformance in nursing students. Their narratives were examined with the intention of identifying areas for improving underperformance and how it could be managed in future. Key findings were the requirement for mentors to increase engagement with students, especially in terms of protected time, participatory learning, honest and open dialogue and the need for a commitment to building a supportive and effective mentor-student relationship...
February 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183433/mechanisms-of-the-development-of-allergy-medall-introducing-novel-concepts-in-allergy-phenotypes
#19
REVIEW
Josep M Anto, Jean Bousquet, Mubeccel Akdis, Charles Auffray, Thomas Keil, Isabelle Momas, Dirkje S Postma, Rudolf Valenta, Magnus Wickman, Anne Cambon-Thomsen, Tari Haahtela, Bart N Lambrecht, Karin C Lodrup Carlsen, Gerard H Koppelman, Jordi Sunyer, Torsten Zuberbier, Isabelle Annesi-Maesano, Albert Arno, Carsten Bindslev-Jensen, Giuseppe De Carlo, Francesco Forastiere, Joachim Heinrich, Marek L Kowalski, Dieter Maier, Erik Melén, Henriette A Smit, Marie Standl, John Wright, Anna Asarnoj, Marta Benet, Natalia Ballardini, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Ulrike Gehring, Stefano Guerra, Cynthia Hohmann, Inger Kull, Christian Lupinek, Mariona Pinart, Ingebjorg Skrindo, Marit Westman, Delphine Smagghe, Cezmi Akdis, Niklas Andersson, Claus Bachert, Stephane Ballereau, Ferran Ballester, Xavier Basagana, Anna Bedbrook, Anna Bergstrom, Andrea von Berg, Bert Brunekreef, Emilie Burte, Kai-Hakon Carlsen, Leda Chatzi, Jonathan M Coquet, Mirela Curin, Pascal Demoly, Esben Eller, Maria Pia Fantini, Leena von Hertzen, Vergard Hovland, Benedicte Jacquemin, Jocelyne Just, Theresa Keller, Renata Kiss, Manolis Kogevinas, Sibylle Koletzko, Susanne Lau, Irina Lehmann, Nicolas Lemonnier, Mika Mäkelä, Jordi Mestres, Peter Mowinckel, Rachel Nadif, Martijn C Nawijn, Johan Pellet, Isabelle Pin, Daniela Porta, Fanny Rancière, Emmanuelle Rial-Sebbag, Yvan Saeys, Martijn J Schuijs, Valerie Siroux, Christina G Tischer, Mathies Torrent, Raphaelle Varraso, Kalus Wenzel, Cheng-Jian Xu
Asthma, rhinitis, and eczema are complex diseases with multiple genetic and environmental factors interlinked through IgE-associated and non-IgE-associated mechanisms. Mechanisms of the Development of ALLergy (MeDALL; EU FP7-CP-IP; project no: 261357; 2010-2015) studied the complex links of allergic diseases at the clinical and mechanistic levels by linking epidemiologic, clinical, and mechanistic research, including in vivo and in vitro models. MeDALL integrated 14 European birth cohorts, including 44,010 participants and 160 cohort follow-ups between pregnancy and age 20 years...
February 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181969/a-population-health-driver-diagram-to-address-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#20
Paul Campbell Erwin, Laurie L Meschke, Samantha F Ehrlich, John W Moran
This article describes the process for developing a population health driver diagram to address a priority health issue in East Tennessee: neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Population health driver diagrams are used in quality improvement processes for determining and aligning actions that a community can take to achieve a specified outcome. The Tennessee Department of Health contracted with the University of Tennessee's Department of Public Health to conduct a community participatory process to contribute to a statewide health improvement plan...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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