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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929318/monitoring-and-evaluating-the-ebola-response-effort-in-two-liberian-communities
#1
Davison Munodawafa, Matshidiso Rebecca Moeti, Peter Malekele Phori, Stephen B Fawcett, Ithar Hassaballa, Charles Sepers, Florence DiGennaro Reed, Jerry A Schultz, Ephraim Tafadzwa Chiriseri
Although credited with ultimately reducing incidence of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa, little is known about the amount and kind of Ebola response activities associated with reducing the incidence of EVD. Our team monitored Ebola response activities and associated effects in two rural counties in Liberia highly affected by Ebola. We used a participatory monitoring and evaluation system, and drew upon key informant interviews and document review, to systematically capture, code, characterize, and communicate patterns in Ebola response activities...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929301/urban-heart-detroit-a-tool-to-better-understand-and-address-health-equity-gaps-in-the-city
#2
R Mehdipanah, A J Schulz, B A Israel, C Gamboa, Z Rowe, M Khan, A Allen
The Urban Health Equity Assessment Response Tool (Urban HEART) combines statistical evidence and community knowledge to address urban health inequities. This paper describes the process of adopting and implementing this tool for Detroit, Michigan, the first city in the USA to use it. The six steps of Urban HEART were implemented by the Healthy Environments Partnership, a community-based participatory research partnership made up of community-based organizations, health service providers, and researchers based in academic institutions...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929102/finding-the-value-in-an-animal-health-data-economy-a-participatory-market-model-approach
#3
Patrick Lynch, Sinead Quealy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928227/community-based-noncommunicable-disease-care-for-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#4
Stephen Sethi, Rebecka Jonsson, Rony Skaff, Frank Tyler
In the sixth year of the Syrian conflict, 11 million people have been displaced, including more than 1.1 million seeking refuge in Lebanon. Prior to the crisis, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) accounted for 80% of all deaths in Syria, and the underlying health behaviors such as tobacco use, obesity, and physical inactivity are still prevalent among Syrian refugees in Lebanon. Humanitarian agencies initially responded to the acute health care needs of refugees by delivering services to informal settlements via mobile medical clinics...
September 19, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928168/factors-that-support-successful-transition-to-the-community-among-women-leaving-prison-in-british-columbia-a-prospective-cohort-study-using-participatory-action-research
#5
Patricia A Janssen, Mo Korchinski, Sarah L Desmarais, Arianne Y K Albert, Lara-Lisa Condello, Marla Buchanan, Alison Granger-Brown, Vivian R Ramsden, Lynn Fels, Jane A Buxton, Carl Leggo, Ruth Elwood Martin
BACKGROUND: In Canada, the number of women sentenced to prison has almost doubled since 1995. In British Columbia, the rate of reincarceration is 70% within 2 years. Our aim was to identify factors associated with recidivism among women in British Columbia. METHODS: We prospectively followed women after discharge from provincial corrections centres in British Columbia. We defined recidivism as participation in criminal activity disclosed by participants during the year following release...
September 13, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928112/influenzanet-citizens-among-10-countries-collaborating-to-monitor-influenza-in-europe
#6
Carl E Koppeschaar, Vittoria Colizza, Caroline Guerrisi, Clément Turbelin, Jim Duggan, W John Edmunds, Charlotte Kjelsø, Ricardo Mexia, Yamir Moreno, Sandro Meloni, Daniela Paolotti, Daniela Perrotta, Edward van Straten, Ana O Franco
BACKGROUND: The wide availability of the Internet and the growth of digital communication technologies have become an important tool for epidemiological studies and health surveillance. Influenzanet is a participatory surveillance system monitoring the incidence of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Europe since 2003. It is based on data provided by volunteers who self-report their symptoms via the Internet throughout the influenza season and currently involves 10 countries. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we describe the Influenzanet system and provide an overview of results from several analyses that have been performed with the collected data, which include participant representativeness analyses, data validation (comparing ILI incidence rates between Influenzanet and sentinel medical practice networks), identification of ILI risk factors, and influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) studies previously published...
September 19, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927451/implementing-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-for-aneuploidy-in-a-national-healthcare-system-global-challenges-and-national-solutions
#7
Rachèl V van Schendel, Carla G van El, Eva Pajkrt, Lidewij Henneman, Martina C Cornel
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in 2011, mainly by commercial companies, a growing demand for NIPT from the public and healthcare professionals has been putting pressure on the healthcare systems of various countries. This study identifies the challenges of establishing a responsible implementation of NIPT for aneuploidy in prenatal healthcare, by looking at the Netherlands. METHODS: A mixed methods approach involving 13 stakeholder interviews, document analysis and (participatory) observations of the Dutch NIPT Consortium meetings were used...
September 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927304/initial-outcomes-of-a-participatory-based-competency-building-approach-to-increasing-physical-education-teachers-physical-activity-promotion-and-students-physical-activity-a-pilot-study
#8
R Glenn Weaver, Collin A Webster, Michael W Beets, Keith Brazendale, Jessica Chandler, Lauren Schisler, Mazen Aziz
This study examined the initial effects of a participatory-based, competency-/skill-building professional development workshop for physical education (PE) teachers on the use of physical activity (PA) promotion practices (e.g., eliminating lines, small-sided games) and students' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). A total of 823 students (52.8% boys) wore accelerometers at baseline (fall 2015) and outcome (spring 2016) on PE and non-PE days. The System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time+ measured changes in PA promotion practices...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926940/stress-exposure-and-physical-mental-and-behavioral-health-among-american-indian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Melissa L Walls, Kelley J Sittner, Benjamin D Aronson, Angie K Forsberg, Les B Whitbeck, Mustafa al'Absi
American Indian (AI) communities experience disproportionate exposure to stressors and health inequities including type 2 diabetes. Yet, we know little about the role of psychosocial stressors for AI diabetes-related health outcomes. We investigated associations between a range of stressors and psychological, behavioral, and physical health for AIs with diabetes. This community-based participatory research with 5 AI tribes includes 192 AI adult type 2 diabetes patients recruited from clinical records at tribal clinics...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924680/the-oncological-patient-in-the-palliative-situation
#10
Steffen Eychmueller, Diana Zwahlen, Monica Fliedner
Palliative care approaches patients and their suffering with a bio-psycho-social-spiritual model. Thus, it is the strength of palliative care to complement the diagnosis driven approach of medical cancer care by a problem and resources-based assessment, participatory care plan and person-directed interventions. Interventions need to reflect timely prognosis, target population (the patient, the family carer, the professional) and level of trust and remaining energy. In palliative care the relevance of psycho-oncological aspects in the care of the terminally ill is considerable in the understanding of the overall suffering of patients approaching death and their loved ones and in their care and support...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923069/perceived-barriers-and-enablers-to-participation-in-a-community-tailored-physical-activity-program-with-indigenous-australians-in-a-regional-and-rural-setting-a-qualitative-study
#11
Ashleigh Sushames, Terry Engelberg, Klaus Gebel
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have higher rates of chronic disease and a lower life expectancy than non-Indigenous Australians. In non-urban areas these health disparities are even larger. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore perceived barriers and enablers to attending an eight-week physical activity program in a rural and regional setting which aimed to improve health outcomes, but had a low attendance rate. METHODS: Thirty-four Indigenous Australians participated in the intervention from the rural (n = 12) and the regional (n = 22) community...
September 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922967/contemporary-hiv-aids-research-insights-from-knowledge-management-theory
#12
Chris William Callaghan
Knowledge management as a field is concerned with the management of knowledge, including the management of knowledge in research processes. Knowledge management theory has the potential to support research into problems such as HIV, antibiotic resistance and others, particularly in terms of aspects of scientific research related to the contribution of social science. To date, however, these challenges remain with us, and theoretical contributions that can complement natural science efforts to eradicate these problems are needed...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922513/purpose-processes-partnerships-and-products-4ps-to-advance-participatory-socio-environmental-modeling
#13
Steven Gray, Alexey Voinov, Michael Paolisso, Rebecca Jordan, Todd BenDor, Pierre Bommel, Pierre Glynn, Beatrice Hedelin, Klaus Hubacek, Josh Introne, Nagesh Kolagani, Bethany Laursen, Christina Prell, Laura Schmitt-Olabisi, Alison Singer, Eleanor Sterling, Moira Zellner
Including stakeholders in environmental model building and analysis is an increasingly popular approach to understanding ecological change. This is because stakeholders often hold valuable knowledge about socio-environmental dynamics and collaborative forms of modeling produce important boundary objects used to collectively reason about environmental problems. Although the number of participatory modeling (PM) case studies and the number of researchers adopting these approaches has grown in recent years, the lack of standardized reporting and limited reproducibility have prevented PM's establishment and advancement as a cohesive field of study...
September 18, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922022/implementing-a-collaborative-coaching-intervention-for-professionals-providing-care-to-children-and-their-families-an-exploratory-study
#14
Sandy K Tatla, Dori Howard, Alda Antunes Silvestre, Stacey Burnes, Meghan Husson, Tal Jarus
The growing complexity of healthcare requires family and interprofessional partnerships to deliver effective care. Interprofessional coaching can enhance family-centred practice and collaboration. The purpose of this study was to explore the acceptability and feasibility of collaborative coaching training to improve family centredness within acute paediatric rehabilitation. Using a participatory action design, service providers (SPs; n = 36) underwent a 6-month coaching programme involving coaching workshops, learning triads, and tailored sessions with a licensed coach...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921882/recommendations-for-obesity-prevention-among-adolescents-from-disadvantaged-backgrounds-a-concept-mapping-study-among-scientific-and-professional-experts
#15
D A Kornet-van der Aa, C H van Randeraad-van der Zee, J Mayer, J M Borys, M J M Chinapaw
The present study aimed to enrich the scientific evidence on obesity prevention programmes for adolescents from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds with practice-based experiences from both scientific and professional experts in the field of youth obesity prevention. We used the participatory method of concept mapping. Two concept mapping sessions were conducted: one with programme coordinators of national/regional obesity prevention programmes across Europe (n = 8) and one with scientists participating in European obesity prevention projects (n = 5)...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921574/ideology-and-resistance-in-young-people-s-experiences-of-health-under-the-imperative-of-enjoyment
#16
Kathrine Vitus
This article explores upper secondary school students' understandings and experiences of health in Denmark, where public health promotions appeal to pleasure. Health promotion thereby taps into capitalist society's 'imperative of enjoyment', which reproduces ideological fantasies about the fulfilment of desires through the consumption of health. Based on qualitative empirical material produced through participatory and visual methods during fieldwork conducted in 2012, the analysis shows that relations between healthiness and pleasure are conflated and paradoxical: the students try to fit into society not only by being healthy, but also by enjoying healthiness; but if they fail pleasure, they fail healthiness and experience a loss of individual social value...
September 17, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920050/management-of-chronic-daily-headache-and-psychiatric-co-morbidities-by-lifestyle-modification-participatory-action-research-combining-new-communication-media
#17
Fakhrudin Faizi, Abbas Tavallaee, Abolfazl Rahimi, Masoud Saghafinia
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle modification has a significant role in chronic daily headache (CDH) management. Participatory action research (PAR) can play an important role in managing chronic medical conditions. However, it has been scarcely used in CDH management. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to empower patients with CDH to modify their lifestyle in order to reduce both their headache and related psychiatric co-morbidities in a multidisciplinary headache clinic at Baqiyatallah hospital, Tehran, IR Iran...
April 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915842/towards-the-development-of-a-wellbeing-model-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-peoples-living-with-chronic-disease
#18
Carol Davy, Elaine Kite, Leda Sivak, Alex Brown, Timena Ahmat, Gary Brahim, Anna Dowling, Shaun Jacobson, Tania Kelly, Kaylene Kemp, Fiona Mitchell, Tina Newman, Margaret O'Brien, Jason Pitt, Kesha Roesch, Christine Saddler, Maida Stewart, Tiana Thomas
BACKGROUND: Re-defining the way in which care is delivered, to reflect Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' needs and values, is essential for improving the accessibility of primary healthcare. This study focused on developing a Framework to support the quality of care and quality of life of, as well as treatment for, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples living with chronic disease. METHODS: A team of researchers, including thirteen experienced Aboriginal healthcare professionals, came together to undertake this important work...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914165/mobile-instant-messaging-for-rural-community-health-workers-a-case-from-malawi
#19
Christoph Pimmer, Susan Mhango, Alfred Mzumara, Francis Mbvundula
BACKGROUND: Mobile instant messaging (MIM) tools, such as WhatsApp, have transformed global communication practice. In the field of global health, MIM is an increasingly used, but little understood, phenomenon. OBJECTIVES: It remains unclear how MIM can be used by rural community health workers (CHWs) and their facilitators, and what are the associated benefits and constraints. To address this gap, WhatsApp groups were implemented and researched in a rural setting in Malawi...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913882/reducing-disparities-in-cancer-screening-and-prevention-through-community-based-participatory-research-partnerships-with-local-libraries-a-comprehensive-dynamic-trial
#20
Bruce D Rapkin, Elisa Weiss, David Lounsbury, Tamara Michel, Alexis Gordon, Jennifer Erb-Downward, Eilleen Sabino-Laughlin, Alison Carpenter, Carolyn E Schwartz, Linda Bulone, Margaret Kemeny
Reduction of cancer-related disparities requires strategies that link medically underserved communities to preventive care. In this community-based participatory research project, a public library system brought together stakeholders to plan and undertake programs to address cancer screening and risk behavior. This study was implemented over 48 months in 20 large urban neighborhoods, selected to reach diverse communities disconnected from care. In each neighborhood, Cancer Action Councils were organized to conduct a comprehensive dynamic trial, an iterative process of program planning, implementation and evaluation...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
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