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Testicular torsion

Pankaj Dangle, Cláudia Salgado, Miguel Reyes-Mugica, Francis Schneck, Michael Ost, Sunder Sims-Lucas
OBJECTIVE: To determine if vanishing testis could result from a fault in embryological development as a result of an arrest in endothelial cell migration rather than secondary to just a random physical torsion/twist. .A testicular nubbin or vanishing testis is considered to be secondary to a neonatal torsion and is usually associated with a hemosiderin deposit. METHODS: Cases of vanishing testis excision were compared with age-matched controls from cadaveric testes without known genitourinary pathology...
October 17, 2016: Urology
Mustafa Güneş, Mehmet Umul, Muammer Altok
Testicular torsion is a common important urological emergency. Testicles usually undergo various degrees of rotation in a medial (inward) direction. Manual detorsion is a critical maneuver, allowing to prevent testis viability in patients with delay to get into the operation room. Testis torsion rarely occurs in lateral direction. It is important for patients undergoing manual detorsion. Hereby, we present a case of atypical lateral (outward) torsion who performed preoperative manual derotation.
October 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Przemysław Bombiński, Stanisław Warchoł, Michał Brzewski, Zofia Majkowska, Teresa Dudek-Warchoł, Maria Żerańska, Małgorzata Panek, Magdalena Drop
BACKGROUND: Extravaginal testicular torsion (ETT), also called prenatal or perinatal, occurs prenatally and is present at birth or appears within the first month of life. It has different etiology than intravaginal torsion, which appears later in life. Testicular torsion must be taken into consideration in differential diagnosis of acute scrotum and should be confirmed or ruled out at first diagnostic step. Ultrasonography is a basic imaging modality, however diagnostic pitfalls are still possible...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
Shabnam Bhandari Grover, Nishith Kumar, Hemal Grover, Dinesh Kumar Taneja, Amit Katyan
BACKGROUND: Common etiologies of scrotal swelling in neonates include hydrocoele, inguinal hernia and testicular torsion; less common is epididymo-orchitis. Congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS), a rare entity, is known to present as progressive renal failure and its leading presentation with scrotal involvement has not been reported. MATERIAL/METHODS: We report a rare case of CNS with primary clinical presentation as scrotal cellulitis and epididymo-orchitis. In this neonate, scrotal and abdominal ultrasound examination was performed and the laboratory data were obtained...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
Nneka Amadife, Barbara Pawley
This is the 21st installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: .
October 15, 2016: Emergency Radiology
Margarita V Revzin, Devrim Ersahin, Gary M Israel, Jonathan D Kirsch, Mahan Mathur, Jamal Bokhari, Leslie M Scoutt
Ultrasonography (US) has a fundamental role in the initial examination of patients who present with symptoms indicating abnormalities of the inguinal canal (IC), an area known for its complex anatomy. A thorough understanding of the embryologic and imaging characteristics of the contents of the IC is essential for any general radiologist. Moreover, an awareness of the various pathologic conditions that can affect IC structures is crucial to preventing misdiagnoses and ensuring optimal patient care. Early detection of IC abnormalities can reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality and facilitate proper treatment...
October 7, 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Andrea Fabiani, Massimo Calabrese, Alessandra Filosa, Fabrizio Fioretti, Valentina Maurelli, Michele Scandola, Stefano Noventa, Flavia Tombolini, Francesco Catanzariti, Lucilla Servi, Gabriele Mammana
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Testicular torsion must be diagnosed quickly and accurately. The delay of the diagnosis and the subsequent delay of surgery may lead to loss testicular viability and orchidectomy. Aim of our retrospective evaluation was to define which element should be considered as major support to the clinician in distinguishing spermatic cord torsion from the other diseases mimicking this clinical emergency requiring surgical exploration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all clinical and instrumental data of emergency scrotal exploration performed for acute scrotal pain at two different Urological Department in a 10 year period...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
H R S Coelho, C R Berno, G R Falcão, C R Hildebrand, R J Oliveira, A C M B Antoniolli-Silva
Phosphatidylcholine is the main phospholipid present in cell membranes and in lipoproteins, and can interfere with various biological processes. This lipid also has antioxidant activity, and protects against damage caused by free radicals under conditions of ischemia/reperfusion. Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate toxicogenetic damage caused by twisting of the spermatic cord in ischemia/reperfusion, and whether phosphatidylcholine plays a role in conditions of ischemia/reperfusion in preclinical trials...
August 29, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Aderivaldo Cabral Dias Filho, Ruytemberg Oliveira Rodrigues, Cassio L Z Riccetto, Paulo Gonçalves Oliveira
PURPOSE: Compare surgical outcomes between patients with intravaginal testicular torsion (TT) submitted or not to manual detorsion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed consecutively surgically treated TT patients, examined within 24 hours of symptoms, submitted or not to manual detorsion in our emergency department between January 2012 and September 2015. Explanatory variables were: age, presentation delay (PrD, time between symptoms and urological examination), surgical waiting time (SurgWait, time from examination to surgery), whether detorsion was attempted, and, if attempted, whether it was declared successful...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Urology
Christopher E Bayne, Patrick T Gomella, John M DiBianco, Tanya D Davis, Hans G Pohl, H G Rushton
PURPOSE: Examine testicular torsion presentation and referral trends at our institution before and after pediatric urology subspecialty certification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed cases of testicular torsion presenting directly to our children's hospital emergency department (ED) ("direct") and transferred from an outside ED ("referred") that underwent detorsion and orchiopexy or orchiectomy between 2005 and 2015. Presentations were considered acute (<24 hours) or delayed (≥24 hours) based on time from symptom onset...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Urology
Emrah Celik, Hakan Oguzturk, Nurhan Sahin, Muhammet Gökhan Turtay, Fatih Oguz, Osman Ciftci
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to determine the protective effects of hesperidin, a citrus flavonoid, in a model of testicular ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-two pubertal male Wistar-Albino rats were divided into six groups: group 1 - control; group 2 - 50 mg/kg hesperidin (low dose hesperidin) used without torsion (LH group); group 3 - 100 mg/kg hesperidin without torsion (HH group); group 4 - torsion/detorsion group (T/D); group 5 - T/D + 50 mg/kg hesperidin treatment group (T/D + LH); and group 6 - T/D + 100 mg/kg hesperidin treatment group (T/D + HH)...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Furkan Ufuk, Duygu Herek, Özkan Herek, Metin Akbulut
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the usefulness of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the detection of different degrees of testicular torsion (TT) at the 8(th) hour and testicular salvageability at the 24(th) hour of torsion. METHODS: Thirty-one rats were randomly classified into four groups. In group 1 (sham-control group) left testicle was kept outside and replaced. Left testicles were kept outside and twisted 360(o) in group 2, 720(o) in group 3 and 1080(o) in group 4...
October 3, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
A Oral, Z Halici, Y Bayir, A Topcu, H Un, A O Bilgin, H T Atmaca
The purpose of this study was to examine potential long-term post-torsion changes that can occur in the histopathology, biochemistry and spermatogenesis of both torsioned and nontorsioned opposite testes. The study also determines the effect of zinc (Zn) administration on the testicular torsion/detorsion (T/D) damage on both testes. Forty-eight male rats, divided equally into eight groups: (SHAM), (SHAM+,Zn+), (T/D+, Zn- 1 month), (T/D+,Zn- 2 months), (T/D+,Zn- 3 months), (T/D+,Zn+ 1 months), (T/D+,Zn+ 2 months), (T/D+,Zn+ 3 months), have been used...
September 29, 2016: Andrologia
Kenta Sumii, Hideaki Miyake, Noritoshi Enatsu, Koji Chiba, Masato Fujisawa
The objective of this study was to investigate the role of urocortin in testicular apoptosis using an experimental ischemia-reperfusion rat model. To evaluate the change in urocortin expression and apoptotic status in the testes following ischemia-reperfusion, the left testes of rats were rotated clockwise by 720° for 1 h, and were then harvested at 0, 1, 3, 6 and 24 h after detorsion (n = 5 in each group). A time-dependent increase in the expression levels of urocortin was noted until 6 h after reperfusion, but the expression of urocortin was markedly decreased 24 h after reperfusion...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ahmed M Al-Kandari, Elijah O Kehinde, Salah Khudair, Hamdy Ibrahim, Mohammed S ElSheemy, Ahmed A Shokeir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2016: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Kai-Kai Chi, Wen-Hui Zhang, Guang-Ce Wang, Zhu Chen, Wei He, Suo-Gang Wang, Yong Cui, Peng Lu, Xiao-Jiao Wang, Hui Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of intraepididymal QE (IE-QE) with those of intraperitoneal quercetin (IP-QE) on testicular torsion/detorsion (TD)-induced ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury of the testes in an experimental rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four rats were divided into four groups: sham (S), TD, TD treated with IP-QE, and TD treated with IE-QE. The IP-QE group received 20 mg kg(-1) QE intraperitoneally, while the IE-QE group received QE epididymally...
September 16, 2016: Urology
Jack S Elder
Undescended testis (UDT) is the most common disorder of sexual development in boys and affects 3.5% of male newborns. Although approximately half of newborn UDTs descend spontaneously, some boys develop an ascending testis later in childhood. Recent guideline recommendations advocate orchiopexy by 18 months of age to maximize potential for fertility and perhaps reduce the risk for testicular carcinoma in the future. For palpable testes, a standard inguinal approach is appropriate. However, the prescrotal approach is often effective for low inguinal testes and reduces surgical time and patient discomfort with an equivalent success rate in boys with an ascending testis...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
James E Leone, Steve Middleton
OBJECTIVE:  To discuss the case of a 49-year-old man who presented to the sports medicine staff with pelvic pain of 10 years' duration consistent with pudendal neuralgia. BACKGROUND:  Testicular pain in men is often provoked by direct trauma or may indicate an oncologic process. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS:  Epididymitis, athletic pubalgia, testicular tumor, sacroiliac joint dysfunction, lumbar radiculopathy. TREATMENT:  The patient responded positively to treatment and rehabilitation to restore normal mechanics to the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Aderivaldo Cabral Dias, João Ricardo Alves, Hélio Buson, Paulo Gonçalves de Oliveira
PURPOSE: To investigate the roles of age, testicular rotation and time in the surgical outcome of intravaginal testicular torsion (iTT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrieved the records of all iTT patients treated in our unit from January 2012 to January 2014. Explanatory variables were: age (years); presentation delay (PrD, time between symptoms and hospitalization); surgical delay (SurgD, time between hospitalization and surgery) and testicular rotation (rotation), with surgical outcome (orchidopexy, orchidectomy) as response variable...
September 1, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Ahmad Asghari, Ghasem Akbari, Afshin Meghdadi, Pejman Mortazavi
INTRODUCTION: Torsion of the spermatic cord is a common urologic emergency among infants and adolescents. It requires early diagnosis and surgical intervention to prevent subfertility and infertility. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of melatonin (MEL) and metformin (MET) co-administration on experimental testicular ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five experimental groups (n = 10), as follows...
August 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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