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Testicular torsion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773452/beneficial-effects-of-rolipram-a-phosphodiesterase-4-specific-inhibitor-on-testicular-torsion-detorsion-injury-in-rats
#1
Deniz Abat, Yıldırım Bayazıt, Arbil Açıkalın, Kenan Dağlıoğlu, Ebru Dündar Yenilmez, Adem Altunkol, Şeyda Erdoğan, Abdullah Tuli
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of Rolipram, a selective phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor, on testicular torsion - detorsion injury. METHODS: Sixty young male rats were divided into five groups. In each group, the right testes of six rats were removed four hours after detorsion for biochemical analysis, and the right testes of the remaining six rats were removed 24 h after detorsion for pathological analysis. In group 1 (sham-operated) right orchiectomy was performed without torsion, and right testes were sent to the laboratory for biochemical and pathologic analyses...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770471/protective-effects-of-the-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-fumaria-parviflora-on-testicular-injury-induced-by-torsion-detorsion-in-adult-rats
#2
M Shokoohi, H Shoorei, M Soltani, S-H Abtahi-Eivari, R Salimnejad, M Moghimian
This study was designed to determine the effects of daily oral administration (250 mg/kg) of the hydroalcoholic extract of Fumaria parviflora (FP) for 14 days on the sperm parameters, oxidative stress parameters, serum testosterone levels, expression of Bax and Bcl-2 genes, and apoptosis index of germ cells after testicular torsion-detorsion (ischaemia-reperfusion, IR) injury model in rats. Twenty-eight adult male Wistar rats were divided randomly into four groups of seven each: sham operation, torsion-detorsion (TD), TD plus the hydroalcoholic extract FP (TDFP) and only FP without TD application (FP)...
May 16, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739377/thrombosed-varicocele-a-rare-cause-for-acute-scrotal-pain-a-case-report
#3
M Raghavendran, A Venugopal, G Kiran Kumar
BACKGROUND: Acute scrotal pain has various causes. Testicular torsion, torsion of appendages and Epididymo-orchitis are common causes, while varicocele thromboses are a rare cause. Varicocele thromboses can occur post operatively or spontaneously. Five cases of post-operative and five cases of spontaneous thromboses have been described till date. The traditional advice in the management of thrombosed varicocele has been to manage it conservatively in all patients by drugs and scrotal support with little description of the surgical treatment...
May 8, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738007/histopathological-pattern-of-testicular-diseases-in-western-saudi-arabia
#4
Abdulkader M Albasri, Akbar S Hussainy
OBJECTIVES: To determine the histopathological pattern of testicular diseases among Saudi patients in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This retrospective histopathology-based study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in Madinah, Saudi Arabia, from January 2006 to December 2017. The data collected were entered into MS-Excel and  analyzed using the Statistical Packages for Social Sciences Version 19. RESULTS: Of the 199 testicular specimens received, 108 (54...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704012/-ceus-use-in-testicular-pathologies
#5
REVIEW
J Marcon, M Trottmann, C G Stief, D A Clevert
BACKGROUND: The work-up of scrotal diseases forms an essential part of daily work in urology. Sonography plays an important role in the diagnostic process, due to its wide availability and feasibility. OBJECTIVES: Advantages of modern contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) are illustrated using examples of common testicular pathologies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant studies regarding the application of CEUS on testicular pathologies are evaluated...
April 27, 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692698/a-26-year-old-male-with-a-14-year-history-of-left-intermittent-testicular-torsion-treated-with-self-manual-reduction
#6
Jeremy M West, Andrew J Goates, James A Brown
Intermittent testicular torsion presents with recurrent episodes of severe unilateral testicular pain with resolution of symptoms between episodes. We present a case of a 26-year-old man with a 14-year history of intermittent testicular pain presenting to the urology clinic for elective surgical evaluation. He reported monthly symptoms for many years and had learned to manually reduce the torsion with each episode. Diagnosis of intermittent testicular torsion was made based on patient history and treatment with bilateral orchiopexy resulted in complete symptom resolution and without any loss of testicular function...
March 2018: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690968/relationship-of-low-temperature-with-testicular-torsion
#7
Musa Ekici, Berat Cem Ozgur, Aykut Bugra Senturk, Ismail Nalbant
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a correlation between seasonal temperature change and frequency of testicular torsion. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Departments of Urology, Hitit University Corum Training and Research Hospital, Corum and Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Turkey, from June 2005 to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Patients who had been diagnosed with testicular torsion and operated in the last 10 years were retrospectively reached through the hospital records...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679169/the-utility-of-scrotal-ultrasonography-in-the-emergent-setting-beyond-epididymitis-versus-torsion
#8
Christopher R McAdams, Andrew J Del Gaizo
Scrotal pain is a common acute presentation for medical care. Testicular torsion and epididymo-orchitis are two diagnoses for which early detection is critical and their sonographic imaging features have been thoroughly described in the radiologic literature. Other important conditions for which radiologists must be aware have received less attention. This article will highlight key traumatic and non-traumatic causes of acute scrotal pain other than testicular torsion and epididymo-orchitis that may present in the emergency department setting...
April 21, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666095/idiopathic-scrotal-fat-necrosis-an-unusual-cause-of-scrotal-pain
#9
Samuel John Davies, Ross Copping, Rajendra Kumar
The clinical differential diagnosis of scrotal pain with a mass in a prepubertal boy is difficult. Often conditions such as testicular torsion and epididymo-orchitis are diagnosed. We present a rare cause of scrotal pain, idiopathic scrotal fat necrosis. This condition has a typical clinical presentation and ultrasound findings that have been described in a limited number of case reports. However, if it is diagnosed correctly and confirmed with ultrasound, we hope that people will be treated without surgical intervention...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642340/re-state-appellant-cases-for-testicular-torsion-case-review-from-1985-to-2015
#10
Douglas A Canning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642339/re-standardized-process-to-improve-patient-flow-from-the-emergency-room-to-the-operating-room-for-pediatric-patients-with-testicular-torsion
#11
Douglas A Canning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617080/the-protective-effect-of-papaverine-and-alprostadil-in-rat-testes-after-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury
#12
Mehmet Ali Karagoz, Omer Gokhan Doluoglu, Hatice Ünverdi, Berkan Resorlu, Mehmet Melih Sunay, Arif Demirbas, Tolga Karakan, Arif Aydin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of papaverine and alprostadil on testicular torsion-detorsion injury in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 male Wistar-Albino rats were used in this study. Four hours of right testicular torsion was applied to each group, excluding sham operated group. The torsion-detorsion (T/D), T/D + papaverine and T/D + alprostadil groups received saline, papaverine and alprostadil at the same time as surgical detorsion, respectively...
February 28, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615365/detection-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-receptor-1-in-the-human-cremaster-muscle-and-its-role-in-the-etiology-of-the-undescended-testis
#13
Mustafa Yaşar Özdamar, Sevinç Şahin, Kürşad Zengin, Selda Seçkin, Mesut Gürdal
PURPOSE: Previous studies of undescended testis (UT) has focused on insulin-like hormone 3 (INSL3), the genitofemoral nerve, and androgens in the testicular descent. Leydig cells, which are under the control of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1), produce both androgens and INSL3. We aimed to investigate whether insulin-like growth factor receptor-1(IGFR1) exists in the cremaster muscle (CM) complex and is associated with normally descended testis as well as UT cases in humans. METHODS: We studied 30 CM from 15 patients who comprised the UT group (UTG), and 15 patients with unilateral testicular torsion (Control group; CG)...
March 31, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606410/disparities-in-pediatric-gonadal-torsion-does-gender-race-and-insurance-status-affect-outcomes
#14
Jessica L Buicko, Shevonne S Satahoo, Krishnamurti A Rao, Juan E Sola, Holly L Neville
PURPOSE: Ovarian and testicular torsions are emergencies requiring prompt surgical treatment to preserve gonadal function. However, diagnosis in females is often delayed owing to nonspecific symptoms. We sought to assess disparities in management and outcomes between males and females with torsion. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample was queried for pediatric patients with "emergent", "urgent", or "trauma center" admission and ICD-9 codes for ovarian torsion and testicular torsion...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594530/parental-awareness-of-testicular-torsion-amongst-irish-parents
#15
Lee Chien Yap, Robert Keenan, Jody Khan, Claudiu Cozman, Catherine Dowling, Ivor Cullen, Frank Darcy
PURPOSE: Testicular torsion is the most concerning underlying cause of acute scrotal pain that can lead to loss of the affected testicle. Whether a torted testicle can be salvaged surgically is directly affected by prompt presentation and diagnosis. This study aims to evaluate the awareness of testicular torsion amongst Irish parents and evaluate their response to a potential torsion. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was distributed to parents attending general paediatric clinics and an acute paediatric unit in two paediatric tertiary referral centres...
March 29, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573663/capsaicin-protects-against-testicular-torsion-injury-through-mtor-dependent-mechanism
#16
Nasim Javdan, Seyed Abdulmajid Ayatollahi, Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary, Safaa Al-Hasani, Farzad Kobarfard, Ata Athar, Hamidreza Pazoki-Toroudi
SCOPE: Testicular torsion and subsequent release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) can cause infertility in adults. Oxidative stress following testicular torsion plays an important role in the ýonset and development of apoptotic cell death through dysregulation of the cellular signaling pathways. Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of capsaicin, a bioactive composition present in red peppers, has already been exploited for treatment of the cancer and pain relief. In present work, we evaluated the role of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in antioxidant effect of capsaicin against reperfusion injury following testicular torsion...
March 15, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572364/testicular-torsion-in-a-patient-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#17
Amy Lee Fowler, David Bouchier Hayes, Eszter Feher
We present a 19-year-old man with a diagnosis of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) and a delayed presentation of testicular torsion. EDS is a rare and heterogeneous condition affecting collagen synthesis and presents multiple difficulties in a surgical setting. Management of this case of testicular torsion was complicated by impaired cognition of the patient, difficulty with intubation, a contralateral undescended testis and postoperative bleeding. We discuss the specific challenges faced in this case of testicular torsion with longstanding ischaemia and perioperative considerations of EDS...
March 22, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572060/a-survey-of-the-current-practice-patterns-of-contralateral-testis-fixation-in-unilateral-testicular-conditions
#18
Ahmed Abdelhalim, Joshua D Chamberlin, Irene M McAleer
OBJECTIVE: To query the current contralateral testis fixation (CTF) practice patterns among pediatric urologists in different clinical situations that could result in monorchism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online survey was sent to members of the Urology Section of the American Academy of Pediatrics. The survey included questions addressing CTF practice patterns in 14 clinical scenarios. Responses were anonymously submitted, blindly reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: Among 53 respondents, 62...
March 20, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572055/prospective-evaluation-of-predictors-of-testis-atrophy-after-surgery-for-testis-torsion-in-children
#19
Gwen M Grimsby, Bruce J Schlomer, Vani S Menon, Lauren Ostrov, Melise Keays, Kunj R Sheth, Carlos Villanueva, Candace Granberg, Daniel Dajusta, Martinez Hill, Emma Sanchez, Clanton B Harrison, Micah A Jacobs, Berk Burgu, Halim Hennes, Linda A Baker
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively correlate pain duration, red scrotal skin, ultrasound appearance of testis, and intra-operative testis color to future testis atrophy after acute testicular torsion. METHODS: Consecutive children 2 months to18 years old with unilateral acute scrotum were enrolled in a NIH trans-cutaneous near infrared spectroscopy study, with a sub-group analysis of the true torsion group. Presence/absence of red scrotal skin, pain duration, testicular heterogeneity on pre-operative ultrasound, and intra-operative testis color based on a novel visual chart 5 minutes after detorsion were recorded...
March 20, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569694/oxytocin-for-preventing-injury-due-to-testicular-torsion-detorsion-in-rats
#20
Fatih Fırat, Fikret Erdemir, Engin Kölükçü, Fikret Gevrek, İsmail Benli, Velid Ünsal
BACKGROUND: We aimed to demonstrate the effectiveness of oxytocin on the testes for treating ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: A total of 24 male Wistar albino rats weighing 250-320 g were used. The rats were randomized into three groups of eight rats. Group 1 was assessed as the control group. In Group 2 rats, testicular torsion was first performed, followed by testicular detorsion to induce reperfusion injury. In Group 3, following testicular torsion and detorsion, oxytocin was administered before inducing reperfusion...
March 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
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