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Humeral shaft fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350013/-closed-reduction-and-percutaneous-double-k-wires-internal-fixation-for-the-treatment-of-multisegmental-fracture-of-humeral-shaft
#1
Yong Sun, Hong-Sheng Shang, Wei-Hong Zhang, Jing-Ti Jing
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects of closed reduction and percutaneous double K-wires internal fixation in treating multisegmental fracture of humeral shaft. METHODS: From January 2009 to April 2015, 27 patients with multisegmental fracture of humeral shaft were treated with closed reduction and percutaneous double K-wires internal fixation, including 10 males and 17 females, ranging in age from 26 to 81 years with an average of 52 years;the disease course ranged from 2 hours to 6 days with an average of 1...
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339841/role-of-autologous-non-vascularised-intramedullary-fibular-strut-graft-in-humeral-shaft-nonunions-following-failed-plating
#2
Sreekanth Kashayi-Chowdojirao, Aashish Vallurupalli, Vijay Krishna Chilakamarri, Chandrasekhar Patnala, Lalith Mohan Chodavarapu, Nageswara Rao Kancherla, Asif Hussain Khazi Syed
Background: Non-union humeral shaft fractures are seen frequently in clinical practice at about 2-10% in conservative management and 30% in surgically operated patients. Osteosynthesis using dynamic compression plate (DCP), intramedullary nailing, locking compression plate (LCP), Ilizarov technique along with bone grafting have been reported previously. In cases of prior failed plate-screw osteosynthesis the resultant osteopenia, cortical defect, bone loss, scalloping around screws and metallosis, make the management of non-union more complicated...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309719/humeral-fractures-sustained-during-arm-wrestling-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Cory K Mayfield, Kenneth A Egol
Arm wrestling places significant torque on the humeral shaft. A spiral distal humeral shaft fracture is an unusual but significant injury that can result. Of 93 patients who presented between 2009 and 2017 with closed humeral shaft fractures that were managed nonoperatively, 9 sustained the fractures while arm wrestling. Outcomes were compared with those of all other patients with nonoperatively managed humeral shaft fractures sustained through other mechanisms. The Student's t test was used to compare cohorts...
January 8, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273837/diaphyseal-long-bone-nonunions-types-aetiology-economics-and-treatment-recommendations
#4
REVIEW
Markus Rupp, Christoph Biehl, Matthäus Budak, Ulrich Thormann, Christian Heiss, Volker Alt
The intention of the current article is to review the epidemiology with related socioeconomic costs, pathophysiology, and treatment options for diaphyseal long bone delayed unions and nonunions. Diaphyseal nonunions in the tibia and in the femur are estimated to occur 4.6-8% after modern intramedullary nailing of closed fractures with an even much higher risk in open fractures. There is a high socioeconomic burden for long bone nonunions mainly driven by indirect costs, such as productivity losses due to long treatment duration...
December 22, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246482/percutaneous-fixation-of-valgus-displaced-fracture-of-the-proximal-humerus-using-a-single-screw
#5
S Gunst, G Walch, L Nové-Josserand
Valgus-impacted proximal humerus fracture is a classic but rare entity in shoulder traumatology. Surgical treatment is controversial, with increasing use of minimally invasive techniques. Our technique uses a minimally invasive approach under fluoroscopic control. Raising the humeral head to reduce the valgus enables spontaneous and well-positioned reduction of the tuberosities and screw fixation between the greater tuberosity and the humeral shaft. Indications comprise valgus-impacted fracture without comminution of the medial epiphyseal-metaphyseal hinge or greater tuberosity; the rotator cuff contributes to reduction and must be intact...
December 12, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242802/resistant-non-union-of-humerus-after-intramedullary-nailing-treated-with-locking-compression-plate-with-bone-grafting-with-nail-in-situ-and-shoulder-spica-a-case-report
#6
Jagdeep Singh, Anoop Kalia, Kavin Khatri, Anshul Dahuja
Introduction: Humerus non-union is a challenging situation for the surgeon and devastating and morbid situation for the patient. Surgical approach to the humerus is demanding because of the complex neurovascular anatomy and especially when previous surgeries have been attempted. Case Report: We report a case of a young adult male who sustained a compound fracture of humerus shaft treated with intramedullary nailing followed by subsequent bone grafting and eventually landed up in non-union and was treated at our center by locking compression plate application with nail in situ with iliac crest autogenous bone graft followed by shoulder spica application...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201304/minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-using-a-screw-compression-method-for-treatment-of-humeral-shaft-fractures
#7
Sang-Hun Ko, Jae-Ryong Cha, Chae Chil Lee, Yong Tae Joo, Kyeong Su Eom
Background: This study aims to compare the surgical outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) using a screw compression method in simple humeral shaft fractures. Methods: This retrospective study was performed with 50 patients who had surgical interventions for the treatment of simple humeral shaft fractures and had follow-ups of at least 12 months in Ulsan University Hospital between August 2008 and June 2015...
December 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179714/influence-of-age-gender-and-radiographic-features-on-the-deltoid-splitting-approach-for-surgical-osteosynthesis-in-displaced-proximal-humerus-fractures-a-comparison-study
#8
Alvin Chao-Yu Chen, Chih-Hao Chiu, Kuo-Yau Hsu, Yi-Sheng Chan
BACKGROUND: The deltoid splitting approach has recently been widely adopted to facilitate less invasive procedures for proximal humerus fractures. However, there are still concerns regarding its effectiveness in aging people and in cases involving complex fractures. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a proximal humeral locking plate using the anterolateral deltoid splitting approach and to specifically examine the effect of patient age, gender, and fracture pattern on surgical outcomes...
November 28, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169591/radial-nerve-palsy-after-humeral-shaft-fractures-the-case-for-early-exploration-and-a-new-classification-to-guide-treatment-and-prognosis
#9
REVIEW
Gerard Chang, Asif M Ilyas
Radial nerve palsies are a common complication associated with humeral shaft fractures. The authors propose classifying these injuries into 4 types based on intraoperative findings: type 1 stretch/neuropraxia, type 2 incarcerated, type 3 partial transection, and type 4 complete transection. The initial management of radial nerve palsies associated with closed fractures of the humerus remains a controversial topic, with early exploration reserved for open fractures, fractures that cannot achieve an adequate closed reduction requiring fracture repair, fractures with associated vascular injuries, and polytrauma patients...
February 2018: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122128/carbon-fibre-reinforced-peek-radiolucent-intramedullary-nail-for-humeral-shaft-fracture-fixation-technical-features-and-a-pilot-clinical-study
#10
Niksa Kojic, Christoph Rangger, Celenk Özgün, Jakisa Lojpur, Jerome Mueller, Yoram Folman, Eyal Behrbalk, Bore Bakota
PURPOSE: This prospective pilot study investigated the safety and efficacy of a novel radiolucent intramedullary nail (IMN) made of Carbon-Fibre-Reinforced Polyaryl-Ether-Ether-Ketone (CFR-PEEK) for humeral shaft fracture fixation. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, single-arm, four-centre study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 46 patients with 46 humeral fractures classified as 12 A-B were treated with a novel CFR-PEEK IMN and followed for 12 months...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122115/humeral-shaft-cerclage-wiring-a-safe-technique-to-prevent-radial-nerve-injury
#11
Stephan Grechenig, Gloria Hohenberger, Bore Bakota, Mario Staresinic, Peter Grechenig, Antonio Ernstberger
Humeral periprosthetic fractures are a challenging problem and their occurrence has increased, particularly over the last decade. The role of cerclage wires or cables in these fractures includes revisions with longer stems, and augmentation of a plate osteosynthesis in which the stem does not allow additional screw placement or structural bone grafts as supplementary fixation. These procedures are demanding because of the proximity of the radial nerve within the operating field. Placing a cerclage wire or cable around the fractured fragments offers a simple and safe procedure to avoid radial nerve injury or palsy in the treatment of complex humeral shaft fractures...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103824/modified-anterolateral-approach-for-internal-fixation-of-holstein-lewis-humeral-shaft-fractures
#12
Ho Min Lee, Young Sung Kim, Suk Kang, Min Young Lee, Jong Pil Kim
BACKGROUND: The authors modified the anterolateral approach for Holstein-Lewis humeral shaft fractures using a plating technique to achieve sufficient distal fixation by minimal splitting of the brachioradialis muscle to fix the most distal screws. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of our modified anterolateral approach for Holstein-Lewis humeral fractures and document clinical and functional results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2008 and 2014, 18 patients (mean age 35...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054684/humeral-shaft-fractures-union-outcomes-in-a-large-cohort
#13
Frances E Harkin, Richard J Large
BACKGROUND: Humeral shaft fractures can be managed conservatively or operatively. Fracture characteristics were analyzed to identify patients who would benefit from early operative fixation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 126 consecutive humeral shaft fractures (2008-2015). Fractures were classified according to fracture type, location, separation, and comminution. RESULTS: Of 126 patients, 96 were managed conservatively...
November 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052827/primary-exploration-for-radial-nerve-palsy-associated-with-unstable-closed-humeral-shaft-fracture
#14
Soo Hong Han, In Tae Hong, Ho Jae Lee, Sang June Lee, Uk Kim, Dong Won Kim
BACKGROUND: The treatment of radial nerve palsy caused by closed humeral shaft fracture is a matter of debate. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcome of early surgical management of radial nerve palsy in patients with unstable closed humeral shaft fractures and to determine whether patients with this injury should be surgically explored. METHODS: Medical records of 15 consecutive patients who had undergone open reduction and internal fixation for unstable closed humeral shaft fractures were reviewed...
September 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052035/why-a-surgically-treated-humeral-shaft-fracture-became-a-nonunion-review-of-11%C3%A2-years-in-two-trauma-centers
#15
A Maresca, P Sangiovanni, S Cerbasi, R Politano, R Fantasia, M Commessatti, R Pascarella
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate nonunion causes of surgically treated humeral shaft fractures in two different trauma centers. METHODS: A total of 327 cases of humeral shaft fractures were treated in 11 years in two trauma centers. We retrospectively reviewed in detail some factors in order to understand the reasons for nonunion: (1) fracture type, according to the AO classification, (2) grade of open fracture, according to Gustilo-Anderson, (3) timing, (4) reduction and (5) fixation...
October 19, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045969/-clinical-study-on-locking-plate-for-the-treatment-of-non-osteoporotic-complex-proximal-humeral-fractures
#16
X Li, F L Li, Y Lu, Y M Zhu, S Y Guo, Y J Li, C Y Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To describe long-term results of locking plate used for the treatment of non-osteoporotic fresh three- and four-part proximal humeral fractures with at least 2 years follow-up. METHODS: The functional outcomes and the complications of non-osteoporotic three- and four-part fresh proximal humeral fractures treated with locking plate were assessed retrospectively. The active range of motion, the Constant score, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score, the visual analogue score (VAS) were employed to evaluate the postoperative shoulder function, and the radiographic images were taken to evaluate the neck-shaft angle of the proximal humeral and postoperative implant-related complications...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045968/-comparative-results-of-non-operative-and-operative-treatment-of-humeral-shaft-fractures
#17
B S Zhang, W Y Li, X H Liu, J Wei, L He, M Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference between non-operative and operative treatment of humeral shaft fractures. METHODS: From March 2005 to October 2012, 252 cases of humeral shaft fractures were treated and were adequately followed up. According to the treatment methods, the patients were divided into 2 groups: the non-operative group and the operative group. In the non-operative group, there were 76 cases treated with plaster/small splint fixation,meanwhile there were 176 cases treated with internal fixation either by plating or by nailing in the operative group...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022039/paediatric-supracondylar-humeral-fractures-a-technique-for-safe-medial-pin-passage-with-zero-incidence-of-iatrogenic-ulnar-nerve-injury
#18
Chin Yee Woo, Han Loong Ho, Mohammad Bin Zainuddin Ashik, Kevin Boon Leong Lim
INTRODUCTION: The cross Kirschner wire (k-wire) configuration in closed reduction and percutaneous pinning of paediatric supracondylar humeral fracture afford superior stability. However, medial pin placement presents a risk of iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury. This study describes, in step-by-step detail, another safe method of percutaneous medial pin insertion. METHODS: The technique involved placing the patient's arm in external rotation, with elbow flexed no more than 45° after closed reduction...
October 12, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021880/use-of-titanium-elastic-nails-in-the-adult-diaphyseal-humerus-fractures
#19
A S Upadhyay, N A Lil
Introduction: Humerus shaft fractures in adults can be managed conservatively with functional braces or operatively with plate osteosynthesis or with intramedullary nailing. Conventionally humerus intramedullary nailing is done either using humerus interlocking nails or Enders nails. In this study we analyse the outcome of humerus shaft fractures (upper and middle third) managed with closed ante-grade intramedullary titanium elastic nailing in terms of union rates, union time, functional results and complications...
July 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986048/open-reduction-internal-fixation-versus-intramedullary-nailing-for-humeral-shaft-fractures-an-expected-value-decision-analysis
#20
Nicholas J Zarkadis, Emmanuel D Eisenstein, Nicholas A Kusnezov, John C Dunn, James A Blair
BACKGROUND: Previous randomized controlled studies and meta-analyses have failed to collectively favor either open reduction-internal fixation (ORIF) or intramedullary nailing (IMN) fixation. The purpose of our investigation was to elucidate the optimal decision between ORIF and IMN for acute traumatic operative humeral shaft fractures through an expected value decision analysis. METHODS: We performed an expected value decision analysis and sensitivity analysis to elucidate the difference between ORIF and IMN fixation for patients with acute traumatic humeral shaft fractures...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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