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Humeral shaft fracture

Gareth Davies, Gerald Yeo, Mahendrakumar Meta, David Miller, Erik Hohmann, Kevin Tetsworth
OBJECTIVES: To compare the risk of major complications after either minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) or intramedullary nailing (IMN) of humeral shaft fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective, case-match controlled study. SETTING: A major metropolitan tertiary referral trauma center in Australia. PATIENTS: Thirty patients with fractures of the humeral shaft. INTERVENTION: Either MIPO or IMN were performed on 15 patients each with traumatic humeral shaft fractures...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
G Zhao, H N Liu, N Li, L He, X B Wu
Objective: To evaluate the mid-term clinical efficacy of plate and intramedullary nail for humeral shaft fracture. Methods: In this retrospective study a total of 122 patients with humeral shaft fracture were divided into 2 groups according to surgery type from May 2010 to July 2012. There were 63 patients in plate group and 59 patients in intramedullary nail group. The factors related to the operation for each group were compared respectively. The clinical outcome was evaluated by the Neer scores, Myao scores and EuroQol 5 dimensions scores (EQ-5D)...
October 11, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Kiran C Mahabier, Esther M M Van Lieshout, Boyd C Van Der Schaaf, Gert R Roukema, Bas J Punt, Michael H J Verhofstad, Dennis Den Hartog
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine inter-observer reliability and intra-observer reproducibility of the OTA/AO classification for humeral shaft fractures, and to evaluate differences between fracture types, fracture groups, and surgical specializations. METHODS: 30 observers (25 orthopedic trauma surgeons and five general orthopedic surgeons) independently classified 90 humeral shaft fractures according to the OTA/AO classification. Patients of 16 years and older were included...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Kiran C Mahabier, Dennis Den Hartog, Nina Theyskens, Michael H J Verhofstad, Esther M M Van Lieshout
BACKGROUND: The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Constant-Murley scores are commonly used instruments. The DASH is patient-reported, and the Constant-Murley combines a clinician-reported and a patient-reported part. For patients with a humeral shaft fracture, their validity, reliability, responsiveness, and minimal important change (MIC) have not been published. This study evaluated the measurement properties of these instruments in patients who sustained a humeral shaft fracture...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Elizabeth B Gausden, Alexander B Christ, Stephen J Warner, Ashley Levack, Andrew Nellestein, Dean G Lorich
INTRODUCTION: The optimal treatment of humeral shaft fractures continues to be debated. In the current investigation, we sought to determine the clinical and radiographic outcomes following the plate fixation of humeral shaft fractures utilizing the triceps-sparing posterior approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review identified a consecutive series of 66 humeral shaft fractures (OTA 12-A, 12-B, or 12-C) treated with dual plate fixation via a posterior, triceps-sparing approach between 2005 and 2014 by a single surgeon...
October 15, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Bin-Feng Yu, Liang-le Liu, Guo-Jing Yang, Lei Zhang, Xi-Peng Lin
BACKGROUND: The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) and conventional plate osteosynthesis (CPO) for humeral shaft fracture. METHODS: Potential academic articles were identified from the Cochrane Library, Medline (1966-2016.3), PubMed (1966-2016.3), Embase (1980-2016.3), and ScienceDirect (1966-2016.3). Gray studies were identified from the references of the included literature. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCT involving MIPO and CPO for humeral shaft fracture were included...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Quan Zhang, Ning Sun, Qiang Huang, Shiwen Zhu, Xinbao Wu
BACKGROUND: Whether minimally invasive plating osteosynthesis (MIPO) or other operative interventions is superior in the treatment of humeral shaft fractures remains controversial. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to quantitatively compare the clinical outcomes of MIPO and other operative interventions in the treatment of humeral shaft fractures. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, and Web of Science were systematically searched to identify all available studies comparing clinical outcomes between patients receiving MIPO and other operative interventions...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Michael B Gottschalk, William Carpenter, Elise Hiza, William Reisman, James Roberson
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive research regarding patient outcomes after operative fixation of humeral shaft fractures by means of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or intramedullary nailing (IMN), no current consensus exists regarding the optimal surgical treatment. The objective of this study was to compare IMN and plate fixation (ORIF) of humeral shaft fractures by using the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) Part II operative database to analyze incidence rates, changes in management trends over time, early complications, and factors affecting the management choice...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Christopher D Souder, Joanna H Roocroft, Eric W Edmonds
BACKGROUND: The radiocapitellar line (RCL) was originally described for evaluation of the alignment of the RC joint on lateral images of the elbow. Although, many authors have translated the utilization of RCL into coronal imaging, previous studies have not been performed to confirm validity. The purpose of this paper was to identify an accurate way of evaluating pediatric RC alignment in the coronal plane. METHODS: Thirty-seven anteroposterior (AP) radiographs of 37 children were evaluated to determine the position of the RC joint in the coronal plane...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Ashok S Gavaskar, Bhupesh Karthik B, Naveen C Tummala, Parthasarathy Srinivasan, Hitesh Gopalan
OBJECTIVES: Humeral head sacrificing procedures are more favored in elderly patients with complex proximal humerus fractures because of high incidence of failures and complications with osteosynthesis. The purpose of this study is to assess the outcome of second generation locked plating techniques in 3 and 4 part fractures in active elderly patients >70years with an emphasis on function and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 29 patients with displaced 3 and 4 part proximal humerus fractures were treated using the principles of second-generation proximal humerus locked plating...
August 24, 2016: Injury
Alexander B Christ, Elizabeth B Gausden, Stephen J Warner, Andrew M Nellestein, Ryan Thacher, Dean G Lorich
Antegrade intramedullary nails are an established, effective method of fixation for humeral shaft fractures. One significant limitation of this technique is chronic post-operative shoulder pain, which is likely related to the standard approach that involves splitting the rotator cuff to gain access to the nail starting point. Furthermore, mounting evidence suggests that both the intra-articular portion of the biceps tendon and the extra-articular portion in the bicipital groove can scar down after trauma, causing pain and limiting shoulder range-of-motion...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Mohamad Gouse, Sandeep Albert, Dan-Barnabas Inja, Manasseh Nithyananth
PURPOSE: Fractures of the humeral shaft are common and account for 3%-5% of all orthopedic injuries. This study aims to estimate the incidence of radial nerve palsy and its outcome when the anterior approach is employed and to analyze the predictive factors. METHODS: The study was performed in the department of orthopaedics unit of a tertiary care trauma referral center. Patients who underwent surgery for acute fractures and nonunions of humerus shaft through an anterior approach from January 2007 to December 2012 were included...
August 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Akira Ando, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Masahiro Yamashiro, Michimasa Matsuda, Eiji Itoi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 27, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Zichao Xue, Chaolai Jiang, Chuanzhen Hu, Hui Qin, Haoliang Ding, Zhiquan An
BACKGROUND: Humeral shaft fractures are generally managed with the conventional posterior open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO). This study was aimed at comparing the outcomes of these surgical techniques in terms of the vascular integrity of the mid-distal humeral shaft. METHODS: Twelve upper limbs were harvested from 6 fresh cadavers. ORIF or MIPO was randomly performed on either side of each pair of limbs...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Erik Hohmann, Vaida Glatt, Kevin Tetsworth
HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to perform a meta-analysis comparing the clinical outcomes and complications between anterior humeral minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) and the 2 standard techniques, either open reduction and plating or humeral nailing. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of Medline, Embase, Scopus, and Google Scholar to identify relevant randomized controlled trials in the English- and German-language literature. Eligibility criteria included randomized controlled trials comparing at least 1 surgical intervention with MIPO and reporting the primary clinical outcome using a validated functional scoring system and description of complications...
October 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Mohammad Gharedaghi, Mohammad Taghi Peivandi, Mehdi Mazloomi, Hasan Rahimi Shoorin, Mohammad Hasani, Parham Seyf, Fatemeh Khazaee
BACKGROUND: Massive bone allograft is an option in cases of limb preservation and reconstruction after massive benign and malignant bone tumor resection. The purpose of this study was to analyze the outcome of these procedures at Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: In this study, 113 cases have been presented. Eleven cases were excluded (patients has a traumatic defect or they passed away before the completion of the study's two-year follow up period)...
June 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Marco Caforio, Pietro Maniscalco, Massimiliano Colombo, Giorgio Maria Calori
INTRODUCTION: Proximal humeral fractures with a spiral line of fracture extending from the humeral head to the diaphyseal region are increasing. Treatment for these fractures is comparable to that for shaft fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of a new "Long" humeral nail for this type of lesion and identify the best distal locking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-three patients treated with a Long Diphos Nail(®) were selected for this study: main exclusion criteria were poor cognitive and responsive ability to physical therapy, four-part fracture requiring humeral head replacement, an isolated greater or lesser tubercle fracture and a head-splitting fracture...
August 6, 2016: Injury
Roberto Caterini, Vito Potenza, Ernesto Ippolito, Pasquale Farsetti
Recalcitrant humeral non-union is a disabling condition that is extremely difficult to treat. The use of BMP-7 has been proposed to improve bone healing. This is a report of the results obtained in 12 patients with recalcitrant humeral non-union treated using stable fixation with a long locking compression plate and BMP-7, autologous bone graft and hydroxyapatite pellets applied at the non-union site. Patients had up to three surgical attempts at non-union healing prior to our treatment. The average time from the initial fracture to our surgery was 5...
August 6, 2016: Injury
Basem Attum, William Obremskey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2015: JBJS Rev
Federico Canavese, Lorenza Marengo, Mattia Cravino, Vanessa Giacometti, Bruno Pereira, Alain Dimeglio, Carlo Origo, Antonio Andreacchio
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of displaced humeral shaft fractures in children treated by Desault's bandage (DB), external fixation (EF), and elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN). METHODS: During the study period, 36 consecutive children with displaced humeral shaft fracture were treated by DB (Group A), EF (Group B) or ESIN (Group C). All the patients underwent full-length preoperative and postoperative anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of the injured humerus...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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