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Humeral shaft fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914842/treatment-of-comminuted-proximal-humeral-fractures-using-locking-plate-with-strut-allograft
#1
Hongeun Cha, Ki-Beom Park, Seungbae Oh, Jinyoung Jeong
BACKGROUND: This study compared the radiologic outcome of fixation using locking plate only with fixation using locking plate with an endosteal strut allograft in the treatment of comminuted proximal humeral fracture. METHODS: Among 52 patients with comminuted proximal humeral fracture, 32 patients underwent fixation with locking plate only, and 20 patients underwent fixation using locking plate with an endosteal strut allograft. The strut allograft was inserted into the intramedullary cavity of the humerus to support the humeral head and fixed with the locking plate...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914660/radiographic-and-clinical-results-of-tension-suture-fixation-using-two-washers-with-philos-plate-for-proximal-humeral-fractures
#2
Chul-Hyun Cho, Du Han Kim, Beom-Soo Kim
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiographic and clinical results of tension suture fixation using two washers with PHILOS plate (Synthes, West Chester, PA, USA) for proximal humeral fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive 39 patients were included and divided into two groups of adequate and inadequate medial support (MS (+) group vs MS (-) group). The mean follow-up period was 45months (range: 26-69 months). The mean age at the time of surgery was 59 years (range: 17-86 years) and there were 12 men and 27 women...
November 28, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909754/dual-plate-fixation-on-distal-third-diaphyseal-fracture-of-the-humerus
#3
Jun-Ku Lee, Yun-Sung Choi, Young-Suk Sim, Dae-Sung Choi, Soo-Hong Han
INTRODUCTION: Displaced unstable distal third fractures of the humeral diaphysis are treated surgically through open reduction and internal fixation. Conventionally, surgeons prefer using long plates for secure fixation; however, we performed short plate dual plating for robust fixation that required a smaller incision and less dissection through an anterior approach. In this study, we report the results of dual plating of fractures of the humeral shaft, with radiographic evidence and clinical analysis...
December 1, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904716/is-anterior-bridge-plating-for-mid-shaft-humeral-fractures-a-suitable-option-for-patients-predominantly-involved-in-overhead-activities-a-functional-outcome-study-in-athletes-and-manual-laborers
#4
Abhishek S Mahajan, Young Gun Kim, Jae Hwa Kim, Prashanth D'sa, Azhar Lakhani, Hyun Soo Ok
BACKGROUND: To assess the functional and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive anterior bridge plating (ABP) for mid-shaft humerus fractures in patients predominantly involved in overhead activities (athletes and manual laborers). METHODS: Forty-eight patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were treated with ABP at a level-I trauma center using a 4.5-mm dynamic/locking compression plate and followed for a period of 1 year. Functional outcome was assessed using the Constant, Mayo elbow, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872519/the-inflatable-intramedullary-nail-for-humeral-shaft-fractures
#5
Fırat Ozan, Kaan Gürbüz, Erdal Uzun, Sefa Gök, Fatih Doğar, Fuat Duygulu
BACKGROUND: We assessed the results of humeral shaft fracture fixation using the inflatable intramedullary nail using radiological and clinical findings. METHODS: From 2012 to 2015, we treated 14 patients with humeral shaft fractures using inflatable intramedullary nail after closed reduction. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 14.1 months. The mean time to bone union was 4.5 months. None of the patients had major perioperative mechanical complications or postoperative complications, except for the occurrence of fixation loss and non-union in one patient...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822870/a-prospective-study-for-the-treatment-of-proximal-humeral-fractures-with-the-galaxy-fixation-system
#6
R D'Ambrosi, F Palumbo, A Barbato, R M Facchini
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the proximal humerus represent a common problem in clinical practice; in particular for three- or four-part fractures, there is no consensus regarding which is the best treatment. The aim of our study was to report clinical and radiological outcomes in patients treated with the Galaxy Fixation System™ for a proximal humerus fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients of which 18 (56.25%) women, and 14 (43.75%) men suffering from proximal humerus fractures were treated using the Galaxy Fixation System™...
November 7, 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812778/retrospective-analysis-of-extra-articular-distal-humerus-shaft-fractures-treated-with-the-use-of-pre-contoured-lateral-column-metaphyseal-lcp-by-triceps-sparing-posterolateral-approach
#7
Yatinder Kharbanda, Yashwant Singh Tanwar, Vishal Srivastava, Vikas Birla, Ashok Rajput, Ramsagar Pandit
Management of extra-articular distal humerus fractures presents a challenge to the treating surgeon due to the complex anatomy of the distal part of the humerus and complicated fracture morphology. Although surgical treatment has shown to provide a more stable reduction and alignment and predictable return to function, it has been associated with complications like iatrogenic radial nerve palsy, infection, non-union and Implant failure. We in the present series retrospectively analysed 20 patients with extra-articular distal humerus shaft fractures surgically treated using the extra-articular distal humeral locking plate approached by the triceps-sparing posterolateral approach...
November 3, 2016: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812728/-regeneration-of-a%C3%A2-radial-nerve-after-compression-under-an-osteosynthesis-plate
#8
Burghard Jacoby, Konrad Wasylewski, Wolfgang Zinser
In approximately 4-13 % of cases plating of the humerus for stabilizing a shaft fracture is complicated by a secondary lesion of the radial nerve. In the majority of cases this is due to intraoperative traction on the nerve. The compression of a radial nerve under an osteosynthesis plate is reported only rarely. This article presents the case of a spontaneous regeneration of a radial nerve despite ongoing compression by the surgical implant after compression plating of a humeral shaft fracture. Recommendations are given to avoid such an iatrogenic lesion of the radial nerve, which most commonly is not spontaneously reversible...
November 3, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807109/quality-of-reduction-influences-outcome-after-locked-plate-fixation-of-proximal-humeral-type-c-fractures
#9
Marc Schnetzke, Julia Bockmeyer, Felix Porschke, Stefan Studier-Fischer, Paul-Alfred Grützner, Thorsten Guehring
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine if fracture reduction, fracture pattern, and patient-related factors influence clinical outcome after locked-plate fixation of displaced proximal humeral fractures. METHODS: Ninety-eight patients (mean age, 61.1 ± 11.2 years) with a proximal humeral fracture involving the anatomical neck (type C according to the OTA/AO classification system) were included. Clinical outcome was determined by age and sex-adjusted Constant score (CS%) and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790533/antegrade-unreamed-locked-intramedullary-nailing-in-open-fractures-of-shaft-of-humerus
#10
Amit Thakur, Jasbir Singh, Mukand Lal, Desh Raj Chandel
INTRODUCTION: Open fractures of shaft of humerus have been treated conservatively as well as operatively. Plate osteosynthesis has been considered as the gold standard treatment. Intramedullary nailing also has same success rate in closed fractures. The results of 30 open fractures of shaft humerus fixed with locked unreamed antegrade intramedullary nailing were evaluated. AIM: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the role of locked intramedullary nailing in open fractures of shaft humerus in terms of bone union, secondary procedure required, complication, shoulder dysfunction and infection...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768678/case-match-controlled-comparison-of-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-and-intramedullary-nailing-for-the-stabilization-of-humeral-shaft-fractures
#11
Gareth Davies, Gerald Yeo, Mahendrakumar Meta, David Miller, Erik Hohmann, Kevin Tetsworth
OBJECTIVES: To compare the risk of major complications after either minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) or intramedullary nailing (IMN) of humeral shaft fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective, case-match controlled study. SETTING: A major metropolitan tertiary referral trauma center in Australia. PATIENTS: Thirty patients with fractures of the humeral shaft. INTERVENTION: Either MIPO or IMN were performed on 15 patients each with traumatic humeral shaft fractures...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760660/-comparison-of-mid-term-surgical-results-between-plate-and-intramedullary-nail-for-humeral-shaft-fracture
#12
G Zhao, H N Liu, N Li, L He, X B Wu
Objective: To evaluate the mid-term clinical efficacy of plate and intramedullary nail for humeral shaft fracture. Methods: In this retrospective study a total of 122 patients with humeral shaft fracture were divided into 2 groups according to surgery type from May 2010 to July 2012. There were 63 patients in plate group and 59 patients in intramedullary nail group. The factors related to the operation for each group were compared respectively. The clinical outcome was evaluated by the Neer scores, Myao scores and EuroQol 5 dimensions scores (EQ-5D)...
October 11, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755334/reliability-and-reproducibility-of-the-ota-ao-classification-for-humeral-shaft-fractures
#13
Kiran C Mahabier, Esther M M Van Lieshout, Boyd C Van Der Schaaf, Gert R Roukema, Bas J Punt, Michael H J Verhofstad, Dennis Den Hartog
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine inter-observer reliability and intra-observer reproducibility of the OTA/AO classification for humeral shaft fractures, and to evaluate differences between fracture types, fracture groups, and surgical specializations. METHODS: 30 observers (25 orthopedic trauma surgeons and five general orthopedic surgeons) independently classified 90 humeral shaft fractures according to the OTA/AO classification. Patients of 16 years and older were included...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745806/reliability-validity-responsiveness-and-minimal-important-change-of-the-disablities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-and-constant-murley-scores-in-patients-with-a-humeral-shaft-fracture
#14
Kiran C Mahabier, Dennis Den Hartog, Nina Theyskens, Michael H J Verhofstad, Esther M M Van Lieshout
BACKGROUND: The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Constant-Murley scores are commonly used instruments. The DASH is patient-reported, and the Constant-Murley combines a clinician-reported and a patient-reported part. For patients with a humeral shaft fracture, their validity, reliability, responsiveness, and minimal important change (MIC) have not been published. This study evaluated the measurement properties of these instruments in patients who sustained a humeral shaft fracture...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744633/the-triceps-sparing-posterior-approach-to-plating-humeral-shaft-fractures-results-in-a-high-rate-of-union-and-low-incidence-of-complications
#15
Elizabeth B Gausden, Alexander B Christ, Stephen J Warner, Ashley Levack, Andrew Nellestein, Dean G Lorich
INTRODUCTION: The optimal treatment of humeral shaft fractures continues to be debated. In the current investigation, we sought to determine the clinical and radiographic outcomes following the plate fixation of humeral shaft fractures utilizing the triceps-sparing posterior approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review identified a consecutive series of 66 humeral shaft fractures (OTA 12-A, 12-B, or 12-C) treated with dual plate fixation via a posterior, triceps-sparing approach between 2005 and 2014 by a single surgeon...
October 15, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684839/comparison-of-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-and-conventional-plate-osteosynthesis-for-humeral-shaft-fracture-a-meta-analysis
#16
Bin-Feng Yu, Liang-le Liu, Guo-Jing Yang, Lei Zhang, Xi-Peng Lin
BACKGROUND: The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) and conventional plate osteosynthesis (CPO) for humeral shaft fracture. METHODS: Potential academic articles were identified from the Cochrane Library, Medline (1966-2016.3), PubMed (1966-2016.3), Embase (1980-2016.3), and ScienceDirect (1966-2016.3). Gray studies were identified from the references of the included literature. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCT involving MIPO and CPO for humeral shaft fracture were included...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612003/minimally-invasive-plating-osteosynthesis-in-the-treatment-of-humeral-shaft-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#17
Quan Zhang, Ning Sun, Qiang Huang, Shiwen Zhu, Xinbao Wu
BACKGROUND: Whether minimally invasive plating osteosynthesis (MIPO) or other operative interventions is superior in the treatment of humeral shaft fractures remains controversial. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to quantitatively compare the clinical outcomes of MIPO and other operative interventions in the treatment of humeral shaft fractures. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, and Web of Science were systematically searched to identify all available studies comparing clinical outcomes between patients receiving MIPO and other operative interventions...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605696/humeral-shaft-fracture-fixation-incidence-rates-and-complications-as-reported-by-american-board-of-orthopaedic-surgery-part-ii-candidates
#18
REVIEW
Michael B Gottschalk, William Carpenter, Elise Hiza, William Reisman, James Roberson
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive research regarding patient outcomes after operative fixation of humeral shaft fractures by means of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or intramedullary nailing (IMN), no current consensus exists regarding the optimal surgical treatment. The objective of this study was to compare IMN and plate fixation (ORIF) of humeral shaft fractures by using the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) Part II operative database to analyze incidence rates, changes in management trends over time, early complications, and factors affecting the management choice...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603193/significance-of-the-lateral-humeral-line-for-evaluating-radiocapitellar-alignment-in-children
#19
Christopher D Souder, Joanna H Roocroft, Eric W Edmonds
BACKGROUND: The radiocapitellar line (RCL) was originally described for evaluation of the alignment of the RC joint on lateral images of the elbow. Although, many authors have translated the utilization of RCL into coronal imaging, previous studies have not been performed to confirm validity. The purpose of this paper was to identify an accurate way of evaluating pediatric RC alignment in the coronal plane. METHODS: Thirty-seven anteroposterior (AP) radiographs of 37 children were evaluated to determine the position of the RC joint in the coronal plane...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594168/second-generation-locked-plating-for-complex-proximal-humerus-fractures-in-very-elderly-patients
#20
Ashok S Gavaskar, Bhupesh Karthik B, Naveen C Tummala, Parthasarathy Srinivasan, Hitesh Gopalan
OBJECTIVES: Humeral head sacrificing procedures are more favored in elderly patients with complex proximal humerus fractures because of high incidence of failures and complications with osteosynthesis. The purpose of this study is to assess the outcome of second generation locked plating techniques in 3 and 4 part fractures in active elderly patients >70years with an emphasis on function and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 29 patients with displaced 3 and 4 part proximal humerus fractures were treated using the principles of second-generation proximal humerus locked plating...
August 24, 2016: Injury
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