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Mental health, suicide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911073/reducing-risky-alcohol-use-what-health-care-systems-can-do
#1
Amity E Quinn, Mary Brolin, Maureen T Stewart, Brooke Evans, Constance Horgan
Risky, non-dependent alcohol use is prevalent in the United States, affecting 25% of adults (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014b). Massachusetts has higher rates of alcohol use and binge drinking than most states (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2015). Serious physical, social, and economic consequences result. Excessive alcohol use contributes to cancer, cardiovascular disease, sleep disorders, birth defects, motor vehicle injuries, and suicide, and it complicates management of chronic illnesses (Green, McKnight-Eily, Tan, Mejia, & Denny, 2016; Laramee et al...
April 27, 2016: Issue Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910035/self-care-as-a-professional-imperative-physician-burnout-depression-and-suicide
#2
Catherine M Kuhn, Ellen M Flanagan
PURPOSE: Burnout has been identified in approximately half of all practicing physicians, including anesthesiologists. In this narrative review, the relationship between burnout, depression, and suicide is explored, with particular attention to the anesthesiologist. Throughout this review, we highlight our professional imperative regarding this epidemic. SOURCE: The authors searched the existing English language literature via PubMed from 1986 until present using the search terms physician burnout, depression, and suicide, with particular attention to studies regarding anesthesiologists and strategies to address these problems...
December 1, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901635/relational-principles-in-the-care-of-suicidal-inpatients-experiences-of-therapists-and-mental-health-nurses
#3
Julia Hagen, Heidi Hjelmeland, Birthe Loa Knizek
This study explored and compared therapists' and mental health nurses' experiences of caring for suicidal inpatients in light of ethics of care and ethics of justice. Analysis of interview data from eight therapists and eight mental health nurses indicates two approaches: "connection and care" and "duty and control," reflecting aspects of both ethical perspectives. There are some differences between the two professional groups, and sometimes there might be conflicts between the two approaches and ethical perspectives...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900652/mobile-based-mhgap-ig-depression-screening-in-kenya
#4
Christine W Musyimi, Victoria N Mutiso, Zahra R Haji, Erick S Nandoya, David M Ndetei
We aimed to determine the prevalence and determinants of depression using mobile based mental health Global Action Programme Intervention guide (mhGAP-IG) in remote health care settings where most priority mental health problems are managed by non-mental health specialists and evaluate the feasibility of the application. Adult patients were recruited from four rural public health facilities in Kenya using systematic random sampling and screened for depression. There were no missing items since the application prevented saving of data unless all the items were answered...
November 30, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897773/stop-look-and-listen-to-patients
#5
Sara Mulligan
During a third-year placement, a patient, who I will call Robin, was admitted to the acute mental health ward I was working on. Robin, who was in his thirties, was suicidal and in the previous 24 hours had made two attempts to take his own life. He had been transferred to the ward from the emergency department for mental health assessment and further care.
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897318/medically-documented-suicide-ideation-among-u-s-army-soldiers
#6
Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler, Murray B Stein, James A Naifeh, Matthew K Nock, Pablo A Aliaga, Carol S Fullerton, Gary H Wynn, Tsz Hin Hinz Ng, Hieu M Dinh, Nancy A Sampson, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Michael Schoenbaum, James E McCarroll, Kenneth L Cox, Steven G Heeringa
We used administrative data to examine predictors of medically documented suicide ideation (SI) among Regular Army soldiers from 2006 through 2009 (N = 10,466 ideators, 124,959 control person-months). Enlisted ideators (97.8% of all cases) were more likely than controls to be female, younger, older when entering service, less educated, never or previously deployed, and have a recent mental health diagnosis. Officer ideators were more likely than controls to be female, younger, younger when entering service, never married, and have a recent mental health diagnosis...
November 29, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888724/the-role-of-physical-and-mental-health-multimorbidity-in-suicidal-ideation
#7
Katerina Kavalidou, Daniel J Smith, Rory C O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Previous research has focused on the separate roles of mental illness and physical health conditions in suicide risk, with relatively few studies investigating the importance of physical and psychiatric disorder co-occurrence. We aimed to investigate whether suicidal ideation might be influenced by physical and mental ill-health multimorbidity. METHODS: Data from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey of England were analysed. Participants who responded to the suicidal thoughts question were grouped into four distinct categories based on their health conditions (Common mental disorders (CMD) only, physical health conditions only, CMD/physical health multimorbidity and a control group with neither physical nor mental health conditions)...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883927/randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-alcohol-self-harm-and-hiv-prevention-program-for-teens-in-mental-health-treatment
#8
Christianne Esposito-Smythers, Wendy Hadley, Timothy W Curby, Larry K Brown
Adolescents with mental health conditions represent a high-risk group for substance use, deliberate self-harm (DSH), and risky sexual behavior. Mental health treatment does not uniformly decrease these risks. Effective prevention efforts are needed to offset the developmental trajectory from mental health problems to these behaviors. This study tested an adjunctive cognitive-behavioral family-based alcohol, DSH, and HIV prevention program (ASH-P) for adolescents in mental healthcare. A two group randomized design was used to compare ASH-P to an assessment only control (AO-C)...
November 12, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882795/mental-health-and-wellbeing-focus-on-men-s-health
#9
Sarah Patrick, Steve Robertson
All nurses have a responsibility to ensure that they actively promote both mental and physical health and wellbeing. This article aims to bring together current thinking and evidence about nursing and men's mental health promotion. Key areas of concern outlined are the high rate of suicide in men, the expression of depression in men and the problems of masculinity when related to seeking help for mental health. The article highlights the importance of language and the normalising of distressing feelings when working with men and suggests that nurses need to recognise how men can experience depression differently, actively identify and address suicidal thinking, and provide gender-sensitive interventions...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880624/suicidal-ideation-among-korean-elderly-risk-factors-and-population-attributable-fractions
#10
Jong-Il Park, Jong-Chul Yang, Changsu Han, Tae Won Park, Sang-Keun Chung
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the risk factors of suicidal ideation and their population attributable fraction (PAF) in a representative sample of the elderly population in Korea. METHOD: We examined the data set from the Survey of Living Conditions and Welfare Needs of Korean Older Persons, which was conducted by the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs (KIHASA) in 2011. In that survey, 10,674 participants were randomly selected from those older than age 65...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872937/major-depression-in-primary-care-making-the-diagnosis
#11
Chung Wai Mark Ng, Choon How How, Yin Ping Ng
Major depression is a common condition seen in the primary care setting, often presenting with somatic symptoms. It is potentially a chronic illness with considerable morbidity, and a high rate of relapse and recurrence. Major depression has a bidirectional relationship with chronic diseases, and a strong association with increased age and coexisting mental illnesses (e.g. anxiety disorders). Screening can be performed using clinical tools for major depression, such as the Patient Health Questionaire-2, Patient Health Questionaire-9 and Beck Depression Inventory, so that timely treatment can be initiated...
November 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871636/correlates-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-in-the-national-comorbidity-survey-adolescent-supplement-ncs-a
#12
Benjamin I Goldstein, Carlos Blanco, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Merikangas
OBJECTIVE: Despite substantial evidence on the prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity (OW/OB) in adults with bipolar disorder (BD), little is known about this topic in adolescents with BD. METHOD: The method consisted of the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement, a face-to-face survey of mental disorders from 2001 through 2004, using a modified version of the fully structured World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868175/-the-proportion-of-suicides-committed-by-patients-with-a-mental-health-disorder-for-which-treatment-costs-are-now-no-longer-reimbursed-by-health-insurance
#13
A T Spuijbroek, Y M Leezer, D P de Beurs, R F P de Winter
Suffering from a psychiatric disorder is a well-known risk factor for suicide and suicidal behavior. Treatment of psychiatric disorders can reduce the risk of suicidal behavior and suicide. In the Netherlands, however, since 2012 the treatment costs of some psychiatric disorders have no longer been covered by health insurance.<br/> AIM: To find out what proportion of suicides were committed by patients with a psychiatric disorder for which treatment costs are no longer covered by health insurance since the rules changed in 2012...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854440/experiencing-racial-microaggressions-influences-suicide-ideation-through-perceived-burdensomeness-in-african-americans
#14
David W Hollingsworth, Ashley B Cole, Victoria M O'Keefe, Raymond P Tucker, Chandra R Story, LaRicka R Wingate
Racial microaggressions are a contemporary form of subtle discrimination that occur in everyday exchanges, and are associated with a variety of negative mental health outcomes, including suicide ideation. Previous work (e.g., Torres-Harding, Andrade, & Romero Diaz, 2012) has identified 6 dimensions of racial microaggressions: invisibility, criminality, low-achieving/undesirable culture, sexualization, foreigner/not belonging, and environmental invalidations. The current study examined whether the 6 dimensions of racial microaggressions were associated with increased suicide ideation through perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness among 135 African American young adults...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852335/suicide-in-older-adults-a-comparison-with-middle-aged-adults-using-the-queensland-suicide-register
#15
Yu Wen Koo, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: Globally, suicide rates increase with age, being highest in older adults. This study analyzed differences in suicides in older adults (65 years and over) compared to middle-aged adults (35-64 years) in Queensland, Australia, during the years 2000-2012. METHODS: The Queensland Suicide Register was utilized for the analysis. Annual suicide rates were calculated by gender and age group, and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were examined. RESULTS: In Queensland, the average annual rate of suicides for older adults was 15...
November 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852002/risk-factors-for-child-mental-health-problems-in-lithuania-the-role-of-parental-nationality
#16
Viviane Kovess Masfety, Sigita Lesinskiene, Mathilde M Husky, Anders Boyd, Phuong Ha, Christophe Fermanian, Ondine Pez
BACKGROUND: We compare the mental health status of children who reside in Lithuania with parents who are either Lithuanian nationals or non-Lithuanian nationals. METHOD: Data were drawn from the School Child Mental Health Europe survey (SCMHE), a cross-sectional survey of school children aged 6-11years. A total of 1152 Lithuanian children participated, among them 11.7% from a non-Lithuanian family. Child mental health was assessed using the Dominique Interactive (DI) and the parent- and teacher Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
October 26, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849509/responding-to-trauma-at-sea-a-case-study-in-psychological-first-aid-unique-occupational-stressors-and-resiliency-self-care
#17
Jeffrey Millegan, Eileen M Delaney, Warren Klam
The U.S. Navy deploys Special Psychiatric Rapid Intervention Teams (SPRINT) to sites of military disasters to assist survivors and the command. SPRINT functions primarily as a consultant to help commands effectively respond to the mental health needs of their service members following a traumatic event. Utilizing the principles of psychological first aid, the overall goal of SPRINT is to mitigate long-term mental health dysfunction and facilitate recovery at both the individual and unit level. We present a case study of a SPRINT mission to a deployed U...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849314/threshold-and-subthreshold-generalized-anxiety-disorder-gad-and-suicide-ideation
#18
Heather Gilmour
BACKGROUND: Subthreshold Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) has been reported to be at least as prevalent as threshold GAD and of comparable clinical significance. It is not clear if GAD is uniquely associated with the risk of suicide, or if psychiatric comorbidity drives the association. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health were used to estimate the prevalence of threshold and subthreshold GAD in the household population aged 15 or older...
November 16, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845946/global-trends-in-suicide-epidemiology
#19
Mark Sinyor, Robyn Tse, Jane Pirkis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Suicide is a major cause of mortality accounting for nearly 1 million deaths globally per year. Suicide occurs throughout the lifespan; therefore, large epidemiological samples are needed to identify patterns in suicide death. This review examines emerging evidence relating to risk and protective factors as well as preventive measures for suicide. RECENT FINDINGS: The global financial crisis, natural disasters, air pollution and second-hand smoke have all been associated with increased suicide rates...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844461/antecedents-of-suicide-among-youth-aged-11-15-a-multistate-mixed-methods-analysis
#20
Kristin M Holland, Alana M Vivolo-Kantor, Joseph E Logan, Ruth W Leemis
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for youth aged 11 to 15, taking over 5,500 lives from 2003 to 2014. Suicide among this age group is linked to risk factors such as mental health problems, family history of suicidal behavior, biological factors, family problems, and peer victimization and bullying. However, few studies have examined the frequency with which such problems occur among youth suicide decedents or the context in which decedents experience these risk factors and the complex interplay of risk that results in a decedent's decision to take his/her own life...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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