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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092712/-global-bioethics-and-biocultural-ethics
#1
Ricardo Rozzi
The biocultural ethic recovers an understanding of the vital links between the life habits of the coinhabitants (humans and other-than-human) that share a habitat. The ″3Hs″ formal framework of the biocultural ethics provides a conceptual and methodological tool to understand and to better manage complex eco-social or biocultural systems in heterogeneous regions of the planet. From the global bioethics originally proposed by V.R. Potter, the integration of theory and praxis promoted by Alfredo Pradenas in the Bioethics Society of Chile, and the conceptual framework of biocultural ethics (including traditions of philosophical thought, scientific and Amerindians), I develop a comparative analysis of: 1...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091973/mechanisms-on-spasmolytic-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-a%C3%A2-herbal-medicinal-product-consisting-of-myrrh-chamomile-flower-and-coffee-charcoal
#2
Cica Vissiennon, Karl-Heinz Goos, Jürgen Arnhold, Karen Nieber
Inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome are chronic gastrointestinal disorders which are associated with a lifelong therapeutic need. The disease results in physical, psychological, and social problems with an impact on partnership, sexuality, education, and career. Thus, the number of patients and health care professionals relying on traditional and complementary medicines and especially phytotherapy for the treatment of these chronic conditions is increasing over recent years. One traditional herbal medicinal product consisting of chamomile flower, myrrh, and coffee charcoal has been widely used in clinical practice within this indication area...
January 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091410/molecular-mechanisms-of-increased-heart-rate-in-shenxianshengmai-treated-bradycardia-rabbits
#3
Zhou-Ying Liu, Jian Huang, Na-Na Liu, Min Zheng, Tao Zhao, Bu-Chang Zhao, Yi-Min Wang, Jie-Lin Pu
BACKGROUND: The molecular mechanisms of Shenxianshengmai (SXSM), a traditional Chinese medicine, on bradycardia have been incompletely understood. The study tried to investigate the gene expression profile and proteomics of bradycardia rabbits' hearts after SXSM treatment. METHODS: Twenty-four adult rabbits were randomly assigned in four groups: sham, model, model plus SXSM treatment, and sham plus SXSM treatment groups. Heart rate was recorded in all rabbits. Then, total RNA of atria and proteins of ventricle were isolated and quantified, respectively...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088871/herbal-medicine-practices-of-patients-with-liver-cancer-in-peru
#4
Teresa Rojas Rojas, Geneviève Bourdy, Eloy Ruiz, Juan-Pablo Cerapio, Pascal Pineau, Jacques Gardon, Franco Doimi, Xavier Deparis, Eric Deharo, Stéphane Bertani
RATIONALE: The highest burden of liver cancer occurs in developing countries, where the use of herbal medicine (HM) is still widespread. Despite this trend, few studies have been conducted to report HM practices of patients with a hepatic tumor in the developing world. Hence, this study aimed to document the use of HM among patients with liver cancer in Peru. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A comparative behavioral epidemiological survey was conducted among liver cancer patients attending the National Cancer Institute of Peru...
December 1, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088780/national-survey-of-china-s-oncologists-knowledge-attitudes-and-clinical-practice-patterns-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#5
Geliang Yang, Richard Lee, Huiqing Zhang, Wei Gu, Peiying Yang, Changquan Ling
It is common for cancer patients to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This study was designed to explore China's oncologists' knowledge, attitudes and clinical practices regarding CAM use by their patients. An online survey was conducted of China's oncologists. Among 11,270 participants who completed the online survey, 6,007 (53.3%) were identified as oncologists. Most were men (75.2%), with a mean age of 33.4 (standard deviation: 6.5) years. The 6,007 oncologists discussed with 36.5% of their patients about CAM...
January 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088493/apoptosis-induced-by-the-methanol-extract-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-bunge-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-through-pten-mediated-inhibition-of-pi3k-akt-pathway
#6
Yin-Tao Ye, Wei Zhong, Pei Sun, Dong Wang, Chen Wang, Li-Min Hu, Jun-Qiang Qian
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, a well-known traditional Chinese medicinal (TCM) plant, has been used to treat cardiovascular diseases since thousands of years. Many studies have reported that the active component tanshinones displayed a variety of biological activities: antithrombous, antiplatelet aggregation, antioxidant and antitumor promoting. But the mechanism of how the active components working still need to be clarified. The anti-tumor effect of compounds of tanshinone (CTN), the methanol extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge roots, was investigated...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088259/integration-for-coexistence-implementation-of-intercultural-health-care-policy-in-ghana-from-the-perspective-of-service-users-and-providers
#7
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Adjoa Afriyie Poku, Simon Boateng, Padmore Adusei Amoah, Alhassan Abdul Mumin, Jacob Obodai, Williams Agyemang-Duah
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the World Health Organization's recommendations over the past decades, Ghana features pluralistic rather than truly integrated medical system. Policies about the integration of complementary medicine into the national health care delivery system need to account for individual-level involvement and cultural acceptability of care rendered by health care providers. Studies in Ghana, however, have glossed over the standpoint of the persons of the illness episode about the intercultural health care policy framework...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088253/integration-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-and-western-medicine-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#8
EDITORIAL
Wen-Jian Wang, Teng Zhang
Precision medicine has received growing recognition from clinicians, health systems, and the pharmaceutical industry, as well as patients and policymakers, which will leave a major impact on the practice of medicine. Interestingly, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) provides personalized medical treatment based on the theory of TCM characterized by holistic concept and pattern differentiation. This, to some extent, is similar to the personalized medical treatment of precision medicine. In China, TCM as well as Western medicine (WM) plays an important role in healthcare...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086934/electroacupuncture-plus-moxibustion-therapy-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Mikyung Kim, Eun-Ji Choi, Sung-Phil Kim, Jung-Eun Kim, Hyo-Ju Park, Ae-Ran Kim, Bok-Nam Seo, O-Jin Kwon, Jung Hyo Cho, Sun-Yong Chung, Joo-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent mental health disorders and has a significant societal economic burden. Antidepressants and cognitive behavioral therapy are two primary interventions for the standardized treatment of MDD. However, their weaknesses, such as a low response rate, a high risk of adverse events from medication, and the high cost of cognitive behavioral therapy, have resulted in a need for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078850/acupuncture-in-endocrine-disorders-a-critical-appraisal
#10
Y Z Deng, L B Li, L G Xu, D Zhou, L J Wei, Y Liu
Acupuncture is an integral part of ancient Chinese medical practice. The technique has been used extensively in pain relief and is being tried for many other chronic conditions. Industrial development and affluence lead to the increase in the prevalence of many endocrine disorders such as diabetes, obesity, and polycystic ovarian disease. The rising prevalence of the endocrine morbidity is observed in both the developing and developed nations. The management of these disorders involves major lifestyle modification coupled with a long-term drug intake...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078810/anti-hcv-activity-from-semi-purified-methanolic-root-extracts-of-valeriana-wallichii
#11
Krishna Kumar Ganta, Anirban Mandal, Sukalyani Debnath, Banasri Hazra, Binay Chaubey
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a serious global health problem affecting approximately 130-150 million individuals. Presently available direct-acting anti-HCV drugs have higher barriers to resistance and also improved success rate; however, cost concerns limit their utilization, especially in developing countries like India. Therefore, development of additional agents to combat HCV infection is needed. In the present study, we have evaluated anti-HCV potential of water, chloroform, and methanol extracts from roots of Valeriana wallichii, a traditional Indian medicinal plant...
January 12, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068355/a-methodology-for-cancer-therapeutics-by-systems-pharmacology-based-analysis-a-case-study-on-breast-cancer-related-traditional-chinese-medicines
#12
Yan Li, Jinghui Wang, Feng Lin, Yinfeng Yang, Su-Shing Chen
Breast cancer is the most common carcinoma in women. Comprehensive therapy on breast cancer including surgical operation, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, endocrinotherapy, etc. could help, but still has serious side effect and resistance against anticancer drugs. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) may avoid these problems, in which traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been highlighted. In this section, to analyze the mechanism through which TCM act on breast cancer, we have built a virtual model consisting of the construction of database, oral bioavailability prediction, drug-likeness evaluation, target prediction, network construction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068187/a-century-of-surgical-innovation-at-a-boston-hospital
#13
JaBaris D Swain, Gaurav Sharma, Rowza T Rumma, P Marco Fisichella, Edward Whang
BACKGROUND: Innovation has been a central focus of the Department of Surgery at the Brigham and Women's Hospital since its very inception. Here we review examples of innovations originating in this Department and analyze factors that have been critical to successful innovation. Finally, we discuss challenges to sustainability of innovation in this Department. METHODS: Narrative review of the literature, interviews, and personal observations. RESULTS: Examples of innovations reviewed here were each dependent on three critical elements: 1) multidisciplinary collaboration among surgical innovators and individuals outside of surgery who offered complementary skills and expertise, 2) a rich institutional environment that sustained a diverse complement of innovators working in close proximity, and 3) Department Chairmen who facilitated the work of innovators and promoted their contributions, rather than seeking personal prestige or financial gain...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068145/comparison-of-patient-health-history-questionnaires-used-in-general-internal-and-family-medicine-integrative-medicine-and-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-clinics
#14
Justin G R Laube, Martin F Shapiro
OBJECTIVES: Health history questionnaires (HHQs) are a set of self-administered questions completed by patients prior to a clinical encounter. Despite widespread use, minimal research has evaluated the content of HHQs used in general internal medicine and family medicine (GIM/FM), integrative medicine, and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM; chiropractic, naturopathic, and Traditional Chinese Medicine [TCM]) clinics. Integrative medicine and CAM claim greater emphasis on well-being than does GIM/FM...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067539/identification-of-species-adulteration-in-traded-medicinal-plant-raw-drugs-using-dna-barcoding
#15
Stalin Nithaniyal, Sophie Lorraine Vassou, Sundar Poovitha, Balaji Raju, Madasamy Parani
Plants are the major source of therapeutic ingredients in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). However, species adulteration in traded medicinal plant raw drugs threatens the reliability and safety of CAM. Since morphological features of medicinal plants are often not intact in the raw drugs, DNA barcoding was employed for species identification. Adulteration in 112 traded raw drugs was tested after creating a reference DNA barcode library consisting of 1452 rbcL and matK barcodes from 521 medicinal plant species...
October 14, 2016: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064110/clinical-use-of-hypericum-perforatum-st-john-s-wort-in-depression-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Nandini Venkatanarayanan, Collin Yih Xian Ho
INTRODUCTION: St John's wort is a popular herbal remedy recommended by Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners and licensed and widely prescribed for depression in many European countries. However, conflicting data regarding its benefits and risks exist, and the last large meta-analysis on St John's wort use for depression was done in 2008, with no updated meta-analysis available. METHODS: Using the keywords [St John's Wort OR Hypericum perforatum OR hypericin OR hyperforin OR johanniskraut OR] AND [depression OR antidepressant OR SSRI], a preliminary search (without language restriction) on the PubMed, Ovid, Clinical Trials Register of the Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Group, Cochrane Field for Complementary Medicine, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and WanFang database yielded 5428 papers between 1-Jan-1960 and 1-May-2016...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063092/was-hawan-designed-to-fight-anxiety-scientific-evidences
#17
R K Romana, A Sharma, V Gupta, R Kaur, S Kumar, P Bansal
Anxiety is a psychiatric disorder with unknown neurobiology; however, neurotransmitters like gamma-amino butyric acid, norepinephrine and serotonin (5-HT) play crucial roles in mediating anxiety. Present drug modules pose dependence risk to the patient; hence, there is a great need to develop complementary therapies to fight this disorder. Aromatherapy has also been employed in ancient times for a number of mental disorders. Mahamrituanjay Mantra, Om triambkum yajamahe, sughandhim puushtivardhanam, urvarukmev vandhanaat, mrityu mokshay mamritaat!!!!, the part of veda enlightens that aroma gives rise to good health (sughandhim puushtivardhanam)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062429/inadvertently-boarding-a-pirate-ship-disease-progression-in-a-paediatric-patient-with-relapsed-metastatic-ewing-sarcoma-receiving-treatment-at-a-centre-for-alternative-therapy-in-mexico
#18
Jessica H Cheng, Leslie Y Chiang, Dennis John Kuo
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies are commonly incorporated into the care of patients with paediatric cancer. Many modalities are safe and effective during cancer treatment and have proved beneficial for symptom relief and quality of life. However, situations where alternative therapy is provided without allopathic medical care supportive care resources can pose a safety risk to patients. This report describes the case of a 16-year-old Chinese girl with metastatic Ewing sarcoma who sought treatment with alternative treatment in Mexico...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056964/a-workforce-survey-of-australian-chiropractic-the-profile-and-practice-features-of-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-2-005-chiropractors
#19
Jon Adams, Romy Lauche, Wenbo Peng, Amie Steel, Craig Moore, Lyndon G Amorin-Woods, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: This paper reports the profile of the Australian chiropractic workforce and characteristics of chiropractic care from a large nationally-representative sample of practitioners. METHODS: A 21-item questionnaire examining practitioner, practice and clinical management characteristics was distributed to all registered chiropractors (n = 4,684) in Australia in 2015 via both online and hard copy mail out. RESULTS: The survey attracted a response rate of 43% (n = 2,005), and the sample is largely representative of the national chiropractic workforce on a number of key indicators...
January 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056922/herbal-formula-xian-fang-huo-ming-yin-regulates-differentiation-of-lymphocytes-and-production-of-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-collagen-induced-arthritis-mice
#20
Jinyu Li, Yi Wei, Xue Li, Dashuai Zhu, Bo Nie, Jingwei Zhou, Lixia Lou, Bin Dong, Aiming Wu, Yongzhe Che, Meng Chen, Lingqun Zhu, Mingwei Mu, Limin Chai
BACKGROUND: Xian-Fang-Huo-Ming-Yin (XFHM), a traditional herbal formula, has been used to treat sores and carbuncles for hundreds of years in Asia. Nowadays, its clinical effects in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been validated. In this study, we want to study its possible molecular mechanisms of regulating the differentiation of lymphocytes and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice for RA treatment. METHODS: A high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization/mass spectrometer (HPLC-ESI/MS(n)) system was used to analyze the constituents of XFHM granules...
January 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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