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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963580/impact-energy-of-everyday-items-used-for-assault
#1
Lea Siegenthaler, Florian D Sprenger, Beat P Kneubuehl, Christian Jackowski
Blunt force is a frequently used type of violence especially because it can be performed with basically every object of our daily lives or with bare hands or feet. The injuries and medical consequences have been widely examined, whereas the forces and especially the energies acting on impact have rarely been analyzed. The aim of the present study is to provide the impact energy and its ranges of four longish everyday items with different characteristics for male and female offenders. Additionally, the moment of inertia (MOI) for all the objects was calculated and its influence on the energy determined...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931987/enhancement-of-motor-skill-learning-by-a-combination-of-ideal-model-observation-and-self-observation
#2
Hitomi Nishizawa, Teiji Kimura
[Purpose] In sports physical therapy, video of a patient's movement or of a skilled model's movement has been used as observational learning methods for injury prevention and movement modification. Positive effects of model video observation have been reported. This study aimed to clarify the effect on motor skill learning using a combination of model-observation and self-observation, which is thought to act as an enhanced method for active error detection by comparing model-observation and self-observation alone for acquisition of correct sports movement...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884352/risk-factors-for-knee-injury-in-golf-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Matthew L Baker, Devakar R Epari, Silvio Lorenzetti, Mark Sayers, Urs Boutellier, William R Taylor
BACKGROUND: Golf is commonly considered a low-impact sport that carries little risk of injury to the knee and is generally allowed following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Kinematic and kinetic studies of the golf swing have reported results relevant to the knee, but consensus as to the loads experienced during a swing and how the biomechanics of an individual's technique may expose the knee to risk of injury is lacking. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to establish (1) the prevalence of knee injury resulting from participation in golf and (2) the risk factors for knee injury from a biomechanical perspective, based on an improved understanding of the internal loading conditions and kinematics that occur in the knee from the time of addressing the ball to the end of the follow-through...
December 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758076/features-of-golf-related-shoulder-pain-in-korean-amateur-golfers
#4
Chang Hwa Lee, Jin Young Hong, Po Song Jeon, Ki Hun Hwang, Won Sik Moon, Yong Hyun Han, Ho Joong Jeong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the causes and characteristics of golf-related shoulder injuries in Korean amateur golfers. METHODS: Golf-related surveys were administered to, and ultrasonography were conducted on, 77 Korean amateur golfers with golf-related shoulder pain. The correlation between the golf-related surveys and ultrasonographic findings were investigated. RESULTS: The non-dominant shoulder is more likely to have golf-related pain and abnormal findings on ultrasonography than is the dominant shoulder...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756389/sports-injury-and-illness-incidence-in-the-rio-de-janeiro-2016-olympic-summer-games-a-prospective-study-of-11274-athletes-from-207-countries
#5
Torbjørn Soligard, Kathrin Steffen, Debbie Palmer, Juan Manuel Alonso, Roald Bahr, Alexandre Dias Lopes, Jiri Dvorak, Marie-Elaine Grant, Willem Meeuwisse, Margo Mountjoy, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Natalia Salmina, Richard Budgett, Lars Engebretsen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pattern of injuries and illnesses sustained during the Games of the XXXI Olympiad, hosted by Rio de Janeiro from 5 to 21 August 2016. METHODS: We recorded the daily incidence of athlete injuries and illnesses (1) through the reporting of all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) in the polyclinic and medical venues by the Rio 2016 medical staff. RESULTS: In total, 11 274 athletes (5089 women, 45%; 6185 men, 55%) from 207 NOCs participated in the study...
September 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673743/-ice-axe-wrist-a-case-report-of-intersection-syndrome-in-2-climbers
#6
Anna L Tobin
Intersection syndrome is an inflammatory condition located at the crossing point between the first and second dorsal compartments in the wrist. It is an uncommon presentation but has been recognized as an injury typical of rowers (when it is named oarsman's wrist) and other sports such as racquet sports, baseball, cycling, hockey, golf, ice hockey, skiing, and softball. It has not been previously described in climbers. This report details 2 cases of intersection associated with the use of an ice axe. The first presentation was in a female climber who was using an ice axe for climbing in the Nepal Himalayas and the second was in a male climber using an ice axe for winter climbing training in the Alps...
June 30, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596923/unilateral-dilated-pupil-and-spontaneous-cardiac-arrest-with-successful-bystander-resuscitation
#7
James M Hancox, Julian Spiers, Nicholas Crombie, David N Naumann
A 75-year-old man collapsed on a golf course and received cardiopulmonary resuscitation from a bystander, including the use of a public automated external defibrillator (AED). The AED was discharged once, with return of spontaneous circulation. An air ambulance crew found the patient haemodynamically stable, with no acute abnormalities on a 12-lead ECG. He had reduced consciousness and a dilated left pupil. On contacting the patient's wife by telephone, she said that he had fallen and hit his head earlier that day...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579137/golf-related-injuries-treated-in-united-states-emergency-departments
#8
Brittany A Walsh, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Laura Friedenberg, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates unintentional non-fatal golf-related injuries in the US using a nationally representative database. METHODS: This study analyzed golf-related injuries treated in US hospital emergency departments from 1990 through 2011 using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System database. Injury rates were calculated using golf participation data. RESULTS: During 1990 through 2011, an estimated 663,471 (95% CI: 496,370-830,573) individuals ≥7years old were treated in US emergency departments for golf-related injuries, averaging 30,158 annually or 12...
November 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441943/return-to-sports-after-plate-fixation-of-humeral-head-fractures-65-cases-with-minimum-24-month-follow-up
#9
Philipp Ahrens, Frank Martetschläger, Sebastian Siebenlist, Johann Attenberger, Moritz Crönlein, Peter Biberthaler, Ulrich Stöckle, Gunther H Sandmann
BACKGROUND: Humeral head fractures requiring surgical intervention are severe injuries, which might affect the return to sports and daily activities. We hypothesize that athletic patients will be constrained regarding their sporting activities after surgically treated humeral head fractures. Despite a long rehabilitation program physical activities will change and an avoidance of overhead activities will be noticed. METHODS: Case series with 65 Patients, with a minimum follow-up of 24 months participated in this study...
April 26, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437501/pronator-teres-myotendinous-tear
#10
Usama Qayyum, Diego Villacis, Charles M Jobin
Pronator teres muscle strain is a rare sporting injury reported thus far only in cricket and golf players. The injury appears to occur when the sporting club or racket strikes the ground during a forceful swing and causes the elbow to experience an eccentric force during resisted elbow flexion and pronation. On initial presentation, this injury can be mistaken for injury to the medial ulnar collateral ligament, or exacerbation of medial epicondylitis. On examination, bruising and tenderness distal to the elbow over the course of the pronator teres are often present...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332045/an-unusual-mechanism-of-coracoid-fracture-in-a-beginner-golfer
#11
Ju Hong Lee, Jung Ryul Kim, Sung Il Wang
Golfers may injure themselves as a result of repetitive asymmetrical loads exerted on the body by poor swing mechanics. If the repetitive sub-maximal loading is not removed, this repetitive loading will exceed the adaptive capacity of bone, eventually resulting in a stress fracture. Stress fracture of the scapula due to golfing is extremely rare. Only two cases of acromion fracture have been reported. A rare case of nontraumatic coracoid fracture in a 50-year-old female beginner golfer is reported here. The mechanism of injury is also discussed...
March 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287933/analysis-of-pelvis-thorax-coordination-patterns-of-professional-and-amateur-golfers-during-golf-swing
#12
Taeyong Sim, Hakje Yoo, Ahnryul Choi, Ki Young Lee, Mun-Taek Choi, Soeun Lee, Joung Hwan Mun
The aim of this research was to quantify the coordination pattern between thorax and pelvis during a golf swing. The coordination patterns were calculated using vector coding technique, which had been applied to quantify the coordination changes in coupling angle (γ) between two different segments. For this, fifteen professional and fifteen amateur golfers who had no significant history of musculoskeletal injuries. There was no significant difference in coordination patterns between the two groups for rotation motion during backswing (p = 0...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118979/fatigue-injury-risk-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-of-target-side-knee-during-golf-swing
#13
Tserenchimed Purevsuren, Moon Seok Kwon, Won Man Park, Kyungsoo Kim, Seung Ho Jang, Young-Tae Lim, Yoon Hyuk Kim
A golf-related ACL injury can be linked with excessive golf play or practice because such over-use by repetitive golf swing motions can increase damage accumulation to the ACL bundles. In this study, joint angular rotations, forces, and moments, as well as the forces and strains on the ACL of the target-side knee joint, were investigated for ten professional golfers using the multi-body lower extremity model. The fatigue life of the ACL was also predicted by assuming the estimated ACL force as a cyclic load...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088089/the-traumatic-potential-of-a-projectile-shot-from-a-sling
#14
Igor Borovsky, Zvi Lankovsky, Leonid Kalichman, Victor Belkin
Herein, we analyze the energy parameters of stones of various weights and shapes shot from a sling and based on this data evaluate its traumatic potential. Four police officers proficient in the use of a sling participated in the trials. The following projectile types, shot using an overhead technique at a target 100m away were: round steel balls of different sizes and weights (24mm, 57g; 32mm, 135g; 38mm, 227g); different shaped stones weighing 100-150g and 150-200g and a golf ball (47g). Our data indicated that projectiles shot from unconventional weapons such as a sling, have serious traumatic potential for unprotected individuals and can cause blunt trauma of moderate to critical severity such as fractures of the trunk, limb, and facial skull bone, depending on the weight and shape of the projectile and the distance from the source of danger...
October 26, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894562/todd-s-paresis-in-acute-mild-head-trauma
#15
Alan Cowley, David Wright, Thomas Breen, Richard Lyon
We present the case of an adult male who sustained Todd's paresis after a traumatically induced seizure in a patient with an isolated facial injury. The precipitating event was head trauma from a golf club. The patient had no previous history of seizures and went on to make a complete neurologic recovery with no cerebral pathology noted. A literature review suggests that Todd's paresis after trauma is very rare as opposed to occurring in the medical or long-term brain injury settings. Although the authors acknowledge that it may occur in trauma, the awareness within the prehospital setting is sufficiently rare for this case report to be of interest to prehospital clinicians; it is important prehospital clinicians are aware of this condition...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886842/hand-and-wrist-injuries-in-golfers-and-their-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Sang-Hyun Woo, Young-Keun Lee, Jong-Min Kim, Ho-Jun Cheon, William H J Chung
A thorough understanding of the swing phases and mechanisms of injury in golf allows accurate diagnosis, treatment, and future prevention of injuries. Recommended initial treatment starts with cessation of practice to rest the wrist, a splint or orthotic brace, and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug medication with corticosteroid injection and swing modification. Pisiform excision is the best treatment of the most severe chronic cases of pisiform ligament complex syndrome. Delayed diagnosis of hook of hamate fracture may lead to complications, including flexor tendon rupture...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777281/hand-pain-in-a-golfer-a-case-report-of-a-metacarpal-stress-injury-and-a-review-of-the-literature-regarding-return-to-play-in-grip-athletes
#17
Cortie J Rolison, Milton Kyle Smoot
A 19-year-old golfer presented to the sports clinic with a 2-week history of dominant-hand pain after several months of daily golf. He had a metacarpal stress fracture. This case discusses the athlete's return-to-play timeline as well as reviews the current limited literature guiding return to play in grip athletes.
October 24, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697939/the-relationships-between-golf-and-health-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
A D Murray, L Daines, D Archibald, R A Hawkes, C Schiphorst, P Kelly, L Grant, N Mutrie
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between golf and health. DESIGN: Scoping review. DATA SOURCES: Published and unpublished reports of any age or language, identified by searching electronic databases, platforms, reference lists, websites and from consulting experts. REVIEW METHODS: A 3-step search strategy identified relevant published primary and secondary studies as well as grey literature. Identified studies were screened for final inclusion...
January 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689565/comparison-of-knee-characteristics-between-professional-and-amateur-golfers-during-the-downswing
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Tae-Gyu Kim, Wi-Young So
Evaluating the biomechanical and performance factors of the knee joint during golf swing can provide objective and quantitative information about improving the performance and development of efficient physical training, as the legs are important for achieving an efficient swing and maximum speed of the club head in golf. In the present study, kinematic movements of the knee joint were identified during the downswing by using 3-dimensional motion analysis, and isokinetic strength was measured with driver and 5-iron clubs in 15 professional (PRO) golfers and 10 amateur (AMA) golfers...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676871/epidemiological-study-on-injuries-and-risk-factors-for-injuries-in-the-amateur-golfer-french-high-level
#20
Colin Perron, Olivier Rouillon, Pascal Edouard
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, characteristics and risk factors of injuries to French golfers high-level. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was a national retrospective study by mailing a questionnaire to all the French Golf licensed under ten handicap. The questionnaire collected information on the characteristics of the player, practicing golf, equipment and the occurrence or not of an injury during the season 2015. A descriptive analysis and a comparison between the injured and uninjured golfers were made, followed by univariate and multivariate analysis to investigate potential risk factors...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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