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Globalization impact on indigenous populations.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050437/development-and-validation-of-a-novel-snp-panel-for-the-genetic-characterization-of-italian-chicken-breeds-by-next-generation-sequencing-discovery-and-array-genotyping
#1
E Viale, E Zanetti, D Özdemir, C Broccanello, A Dalmasso, M De Marchi, M Cassandro
The aim of this study was to compare the intra and inter genetic variability and population structure of 7 indigenous chicken breeds of the Veneto region, through a novel panel of 64 SNP, each located in an exonic region and mostly on different chromosomes. A total of 753 blood samples from 7 local chicken breeds (Ermellinata di Rovigo, Millefiori di Lonigo, Polverara, Pepòi, Robusta Lionata, Robusta Maculata, and Padovana) was collected and analyzed. Two strains of Polverara (Nera and Bianca) and Padovana (Dorata and Camosciata) were included in the study...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957412/cohort-profile-the-canadian-hiv-women-s-sexual-and-reproductive-health-cohort-study-chiwos
#2
Mona Loutfy, Alexandra de Pokomandy, V Logan Kennedy, Allison Carter, Nadia O'Brien, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Erin Ding, Johanna Lewis, Valerie Nicholson, Kerrigan Beaver, Saara Greene, Wangari Tharao, Anita Benoit, Danièle Dubuc, Jamie Thomas-Pavanel, Paul Sereda, Shahab Jabbari, Jayson H Shurgold, Guillaume Colley, Robert S Hogg, Angela Kaida
Globally, women are at increased vulnerability to HIV due to biological, social, structural, and political reasons. Women living with HIV also experience unique issues related to their medical and social healthcare, which makes a clinical care model specific to their needs worthy of exploration. Furthermore, there is a dearth of research specific to women living with HIV. Research for this population has often been narrowly focused on pregnancy-related issues without considering their complex structural inequalities, social roles, and healthcare and biological needs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886050/establishing-contemporary-trends-in-hepatitis-b-sero-epidemiology-in-an-indigenous-population
#3
Jane Davies, Shu Qin Li, Steven Y Tong, Rob W Baird, Miles Beaman, Geoff Higgins, Benjamin C Cowie, John R Condon, Joshua S Davis
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations globally are disproportionately affected by chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection however contemporary sero-prevalence data are often absent. In the Indigenous population of the Northern Territory (NT) of Australia the unique C4 sub-genotype of HBV universally circulates. There are no studies of the sero-prevalence, nor the impact of the vaccination program (which has a serotype mismatch compared to C4), at a population-wide level. METHODS: We examined all available HBV serology results obtained from the three main laboratories serving NT residents between 1991 and 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614392/psychometric-validation-of-the-household-food-insecurity-access-scale-among-inuit-pregnant-women-from-northern-quebec
#4
Lisa Teh, Catherine Pirkle, Chris Furgal, Myriam Fillion, Michel Lucas
BACKGROUND: Globally, food insecurity is a major public health concern. In North America, it is particularly prevalent in certain sub-groups, including Indigenous communities. Although many Indigenous and remote communities harvest and share food, most food security assessment tools focus on economic access. This study describes the psychometric evaluation of a modified Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS), developed for mixed economies, to assess food insecurity among pregnant Inuit women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535822/social-determinants-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-north-american-indigenous-population-a-review
#5
Kaitlin J Zeiler, Frederick A Zeiler
OBJECTIVE: Given the difficult to navigate literature on social determinants in Indigenous traumatic brain injury (TBI) we wished to identify all available literature on the social determinants of health linked to TBI in the North American Indigenous populations. METHODS: We performed a systematically conducted review. We searched MEDLINE, BIOSIS, EMBASE, Global Health, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Library from inception to January 2016. A two-step review process of the search results was performed, applying defined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506271/agrobiodiversity-and-in-situ-conservation-in-ethnic-minority-communities-of-xishuangbanna-in-yunnan-province-southwest-china
#6
Shicai Shen, Gaofeng Xu, Diyu Li, David Roy Clements, Fudou Zhang, Guimei Jin, Jianyong Wu, Pingfang Wei, Song Lin, Dayuan Xue
BACKGROUND: Xishuangbanna of Yunnan Province, southwest of China belongs to a global biodiversity and cultural hotspot. Agrobiodiversity plays an essential role in local livelihoods and traditional culture in the region. However, preliminary studies suggest that diversity of crop plants and livestock species is declining. We hypothesized that agrobiodiversity and traditional means of preserving agrobiodiversity are threatened because of changes in government policy in favor of commercial plantations, land use change and changes in traditional agricultural practices...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442506/genome-wide-association-studies-of-chemotherapeutic-toxicities-genomics-of-inequality
#7
REVIEW
Brandon Mapes, Omar El Charif, Shereen Al-Sawwaf, M Eileen Dolan
With an estimated global population of cancer survivors exceeding 32 million and growing, there is a heightened awareness of the long-term toxicities resulting from cancer treatments and their impact on quality of life. Unexplained heterogeneity in the persistence and development of toxicities, as well as an incomplete understanding of their mechanisms, have generated a growing need for the identification of predictive pharmacogenomic markers. Early studies addressing this need used a candidate gene approach; however, over the last decade, unbiased and comprehensive genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have provided markers of phenotypic risk and potential targets to explore the mechanistic and regulatory pathways of biological functions associated with chemotherapeutic toxicity...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317468/the-global-mental-health-movement-and-its-impact-on-traditional-healing-in-india-a-case-study-of-the-balaji-temple-in-rajasthan
#8
Anubha Sood
This article considers the impact of the global mental health discourse on India's traditional healing systems. Folk mental health traditions, based in religious lifeways and etiologies of supernatural affliction, are overwhelmingly sought by Indians in times of mental ill-health. This is despite the fact that the postcolonial Indian state has historically considered the popularity of these indigenous treatments regressive, and claimed Western psychiatry as the only mental health system befitting the country's aspirations as a modern nation-state...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124026/effects-of-exogenous-yeast-and-bacteria-on-the-microbial-population-dynamics-and-outcomes-of-olive-fermentations
#9
Jose Zaragoza, Zachary Bendiks, Charlotte Tyler, Mary E Kable, Thomas R Williams, Yelizaveta Luchkovska, Elaine Chow, Kyria Boundy-Mills, Maria L Marco
In this study, we examined Sicilian-style green olive fermentations upon the addition of Saccharomyces cerevisiae UCDFST 09-448 and/or Pichia kudriazevii UCDFST09-427 or the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) Lactobacillus plantarum AJ11R and Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides BGM3R. Olives containing S. cerevisiae UCDFST 09-448, a strain able to hydrolyze pectin, but not P. kudriazevii UCDFST 09-427, a nonpectinolytic strain, exhibited excessive tissue damage within 4 weeks. DNA sequencing of fungal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions and comparisons to a yeast-specific ITS sequence database remarkably showed that neither S...
January 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122603/a-protocol-for-a-systematic-literature-review-comparing-the-impact-of-seasonal-and-meteorological-parameters-on-acute-respiratory-infections-in-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-peoples
#10
Katherine E Bishop-Williams, Jan M Sargeant, Lea Berrang-Ford, Victoria L Edge, Ashlee Cunsolo, Sherilee L Harper
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally, and are often linked to seasonal and/or meteorological conditions. Globally, Indigenous peoples may experience a different burden of ARI compared to non-Indigenous peoples. This protocol outlines our process for conducting a systematic review to investigate whether associations between ARI and seasonal or meteorological parameters differ between Indigenous and non-Indigenous groups residing in the same geographical region...
January 26, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011411/call-to-action-a-new-path-for-improving-diabetes-care-for-indigenous-peoples-a-global-review
#11
REVIEW
Stewart B Harris, Jordan W Tompkins, Braden TeHiwi
Diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in Indigenous populations around the globe, and there is an urgent need to improve the health and health equity of Indigenous peoples with diabetes through timely and appropriate diabetes prevention and management strategies. This review describes the evolution of the diabetes epidemic in Indigenous populations and associated risk factors, highlighting gestational diabetes and intergenerational risk, lifestyle risk factors and social determinants as having particular importance and impact on Indigenous peoples...
January 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757421/empty-forest-or-empty-rivers-a-century-of-commercial-hunting-in-amazonia
#12
André P Antunes, Rachel M Fewster, Eduardo M Venticinque, Carlos A Peres, Taal Levi, Fabio Rohe, Glenn H Shepard
The Amazon basin is the largest and most species-rich tropical forest and river system in the world, playing a pivotal role in global climate regulation and harboring hundreds of traditional and indigenous cultures. It is a matter of intense debate whether the ecosystem is threatened by hunting practices, whereby an "empty forest" loses critical ecological functions. Strikingly, no previous study has examined Amazonian ecosystem resilience through the perspective of the massive 20th century international trade in furs and skins...
October 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720011/polar-marine-microorganisms-and-climate-change
#13
REVIEW
C Verde, D Giordano, C M Bellas, G di Prisco, A M Anesio
The large diversity of marine microorganisms harboured by oceans plays an important role in planet sustainability by driving globally important biogeochemical cycles; all primary and most secondary production in the oceans is performed by microorganisms. The largest part of the planet is covered by cold environments; consequently, cold-adapted microorganisms have crucial functional roles in globally important environmental processes and biogeochemical cycles cold-adapted extremophiles are a remarkable model to shed light on the molecular basis of survival at low temperature...
2016: Advances in Microbial Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716261/enhancing-health-care-equity-with-indigenous-populations-evidence-based-strategies-from-an-ethnographic-study
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Annette J Browne, Colleen Varcoe, Josée Lavoie, Victoria Smye, Sabrina T Wong, Murry Krause, David Tu, Olive Godwin, Koushambhi Khan, Alycia Fridkin
BACKGROUND: Structural violence shapes the health of Indigenous peoples globally, and is deeply embedded in history, individual and institutional racism, and inequitable social policies and practices. Many Indigenous communities have flourished, however, the impact of colonialism continues to have profound health effects for Indigenous peoples in Canada and internationally. Despite increasing evidence of health status inequities affecting Indigenous populations, health services often fail to address health and social inequities as routine aspects of health care delivery...
October 4, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619162/seasonal-variation-of-food-security-among-the-batwa-of-kanungu-uganda
#15
Kaitlin Patterson, Lea Berrang-Ford, Shuaib Lwasa, Didacus B Namanya, James Ford, Fortunate Twebaze, Sierra Clark, Blánaid Donnelly, Sherilee L Harper
OBJECTIVE: Climate change is projected to increase the burden of food insecurity (FI) globally, particularly among populations that depend on subsistence agriculture. The impacts of climate change will have disproportionate effects on populations with higher existing vulnerability. Indigenous people consistently experience higher levels of FI than their non-Indigenous counterparts and are more likely to be dependent upon land-based resources. The present study aimed to understand the sensitivity of the food system of an Indigenous African population, the Batwa of Kanungu District, Uganda, to seasonal variation...
January 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551857/-they-aren-t-really-black-fellas-but-they-are-easy-to-talk-to-factors-which-influence-australian-aboriginal-women-s-decision-to-disclose-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy
#16
Jo Spangaro, Sigrid Herring, Jane Koziol-Mclain, Alison Rutherford, Mary-Anne Frail, Anthony B Zwi
OBJECTIVES: intimate partner violence is a significant global health problem but remains largely hidden. Understanding decisions about whether or not to disclose violence in response to routine enquiry in health settings can inform safe and responsive systems. Elevated rates of violence and systematic disadvantage found among Indigenous women globally, can impact on their decisions to disclose violence. This study aimed to test, among Indigenous women, a model for decisions on whether to disclose intimate partner violence in the context of antenatal routine screening...
October 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248830/impacts-of-climate-change-on-the-global-invasion-potential-of-the-african-clawed-frog-xenopus-laevis
#17
Flora Ihlow, Julien Courant, Jean Secondi, Anthony Herrel, Rui Rebelo, G John Measey, Francesco Lillo, F André De Villiers, Solveig Vogt, Charlotte De Busschere, Thierry Backeljau, Dennis Rödder
By altering or eliminating delicate ecological relationships, non-indigenous species are considered a major threat to biodiversity, as well as a driver of environmental change. Global climate change affects ecosystems and ecological communities, leading to changes in the phenology, geographic ranges, or population abundance of several species. Thus, predicting the impacts of global climate change on the current and future distribution of invasive species is an important subject in macroecological studies. The African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis), native to South Africa, possesses a strong invasion potential and populations have become established in numerous countries across four continents...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222211/does-self-efficacy-mediate-the-effect-of-oral-health-literacy-on-self-rated-oral-health-in-an-indigenous-population
#18
Kelly Jones, David S Brennan, Eleanor Jane Parker, Helen Mills, Lisa Jamieson
OBJECTIVES: Mediation analyses are critical to understanding why behavioral interventions work. Health literacy is a known mediator between socio-economic factors, health behavior and oral health outcomes in various populations, explaining gradients in oral health status and outcomes. We explore whether self-efficacy (SE) mediates the association between oral health literacy (OHL) and self-rated oral health (SROH) in an Indigenous population. METHODS: Cross-sectional data collected from 278 rural-dwelling Indigenous Australians evaluated OHL, SE, SROH, socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848673/climate-justice-in-rural-southeastern-united-states-a-review-of-climate-change-impacts-and-effects-on-human-health
#19
REVIEW
Kristie S Gutierrez, Catherine E LePrevost
Climate justice is a local, national, and global movement to protect at-risk populations who are disproportionately affected by climate change. The social context for this review is the Southeastern region of the United States, which is particularly susceptible to climate change because of the geography of the area and the vulnerabilities of the inhabiting populations. Negative human health effects on variable and vulnerable populations within the Southeast region due to changing climate are concerning, as health threats are not expected to produce parallel effects among all individuals...
February 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26379544/the-impacts-of-a-go-game-chinese-chess-intervention-on-alzheimer-disease-in-a-northeast-chinese-population
#20
Qiao Lin, Yunpeng Cao, Jie Gao
A GO game can enhance mental health, but its effects on Alzheimer Disease (AD) remains unknown. To address the issue, 147 AD patients were randomly assigned into control (without GO-game intervention), Short-time GO-Game Intervention (SGGI, 1 h daily) and Long-time GO-game Intervention (LGGI, 2 h daily) groups. After 6-month follow-up, the game reduced the mean score of Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scales (MADRS) of 4.72 (95% CI, 0.69 to 9.12) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) of 1.75 (95% CI, 0...
2015: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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