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Femoral artery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922407/segmental-arterial-stiffness-in-relation-to-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-with-preserved-systolic-heart-function
#1
Chih-Hsuan Yen, Chung-Lieh Hung, Ping-Ying Lee, Jui-Peng Tsai, Yau-Huei Lai, Cheng-Huang Su, Hung-I Yeh, Charles Jia-Yin Hou, Kuo-Liong Chien
BACKGROUND: Central arterial stiffness has been shown to play a key role in cardiovascular disease. However, evidence regarding such arterial stiffness from various arterial segments in relation to B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) remains elusive. METHODS: A total of 1255 participants (47.8% men; mean age: 62.6 ± 12.3 [SD] years) with preserved left ventricular function (ejection fraction ≥50%) and ≥1 risk factors were consecutively studied. Arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV) by automatic device (VP-2000; Omron Healthcare) for heart-femoral (hf-PWV), brachial-ankle (ba-PWV), and heart-carotid (hc-PWV) segments were obtained and related to BNP concentrations (Abbott Diagnostics, Abbott Park, IL, USA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920042/mitochondrial-atp-sensitive-potassium-channels-play-a-role-in-reducing-both-myocardial-infarction-and-reperfusion-arrhythmia-in-remote-ischemic-preconditioned-hearts
#2
Young-Ho Jang, June-Hong Kim, Yong-Cheol Lee
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (mKATP) channels play a role in reperfusion arrhythmias (RAs) in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Evidence suggests that remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) reduces RAs, however not much is known on the mechanistic role of mKATP in RIPC. We evaluated whether mKATP channels are associated with reducing arrhythmia and infarct size in RIPC. METHODS: Isolated rat hearts received 30 minutes of regional ischemia followed by 2 hours of reperfusion through the Langendorff perfusion system...
February 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917976/low-molecular-weight-fucoidan-ameliorates-hindlimb-ischemic-injury-in-type-2-diabetic-rats
#3
Zhiqiang Wang, Tiantian Liu, Xiaoping Chen, Hongjie You, Quanbin Zhang, Jingyi Xue, Yuanyuan Zheng, Dali Luo
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Low molecular weight fucoidan (LMWF), extracted from Laminaria japonica Areschoug, is a traditional Chinese medicine, commonly used to alleviate edema, particularly for feet with numbness and pain. AIM OF THE STUDY: Diabetic mellitus (DM) patients are at high risk of developing peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Individuals with DM and PAD co-morbidity have a much higher risk of critical limb ischemia. LMWF showed several beneficial effects, such as anti-inflammation, anti-thrombosis, and enhancing revascularization...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914979/systemic-evaluation-of-vascular-dysfunction-by-high-resolution-sonography-in-an-n%C3%AF-nitro-l-arginine-methyl-ester-hydrochloride-induced-mouse-model-of-preeclampsia-like-symptoms
#4
Ying Zhao, Ning Yang, Hanying Li, Wei Cai, Xin Zhang, Yongqiang Ma, Xiulong Niu, Guohong Yang, Xin Zhou, Yuming Li
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate vascular function, including arterial resistance and endothelial function, by high-resolution sonography in an Nω -nitro-l-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (l-NAME)-induced mouse model of preeclampsia-like symptoms. METHODS: Pregnant mice were subcutaneously injected with a saline solution (control; n = 10) or l-NAME (n = 10) between the 7th and 18th days of gestation. The resistive index and pulsatility index (RI and PI, indicators of arterial resistance) of the uteroplacental, umbilical, femoral, and common carotid arteries and the flow-mediated dilatation (index of endothelial function) of the femoral artery were measured by high-frequency sonography in both groups...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914827/-endovascular-surgery-for-critical-ischemia-of-lower-extremities-with-suppurative-necrotic-lesion-of-the-feet
#5
K V Lipatov, S V Permyakov, A G Asatryan, A V Borodin, V K Gostishchev
AIM: To improve treatment of patients with grade IV chronic ischemia of lower extremities via endovascular angioplasty combined with surgical methods for suppurative-necrotic lesions of the feet. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 51 patients with grade IV chronic ischemia of lower extremities underwent endovascular interventions (balloon angioplasty, stenting). A total of 23 stents were deployed in 16 patients including 12 stents in superficial and common femoral arteries, 5 in popliteal artery, 6 in iliac artery...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914371/serum-cystatin-c-is-associated-with-kidney-function-but-not-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-or-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#6
Patricia Garcia-Garcia, Raquel Castejon, Pablo Tutor-Ureta, R A Silvestre, Susana Mellor-Pita, Carlos Jimenez-Ortiz, Miguel Yebra-Bango
Cystatin C (CysC) is a protein considered as an excellent marker of renal function, and it has been suggested as an independent predictor of cardiovascular (CV) risk. We evaluated the association of serum CysC with renal function, CV risk factors, inflammation, and subclinical atherosclerosis in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients. Sixty-one SLE female patients were selected according to estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) > 60 ml/min/1.73m(2). Renal function parameters, SLE specific factors, CV risk factors, and inflammatory markers were assessed...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910912/-percutaneous-catheterization-for-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-retrospective-case-series
#7
X Y Li, H Y He, X Tang, R Wang, C Y Zhang, S Q Wang, B Sun, Z H Tong
Objective: To review the experience of percutaneous catheterization for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) by respiratory intensivists at a single institution. Methods: A retrospective review of 87 patients undergoing percutaneous catheterization for ECMO in Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from November 2009 to January 2017. Subject demographics, type of support, cannulation configuration, types of cannulas, use of imaging modalities, and complications were recorded and summarized...
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906135/cement-fragment-from-hip-arthroplasty-causing-deep-femoral-artery-pseudoaneurysm
#8
Luis Gorospe, Ricardo Tobío-Calo, Ricardo Rodríguez-Díaz, Carol Fernanda Gómez-Barbosa, Isabel García Gómez-Muriel, Raquel García-Latorre
An 81-year-old woman who had undergone total hip arthroplasty 12 years earlier presented with a painful spontaneous hematoma in the proximal left thigh. A left hip radiograph showed a displaced cement fragment from the acetabular component of the hip prosthesis. Computed tomography confirmed an extruded cement fragment causing a large pseudoaneurysm of the deep femoral artery. The patient underwent successful percutaneous embolization of the pseudoaneurysm with coils.
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905682/management-of-post-traumatic-phlegmasia-cerulea-dolens-via-right-to-left-femoral-vein-to-femoral-vein-bypass-palma-procedure
#9
Anahita Dua, Jennifer Heller, Cheong Lee
Phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD) is a rare condition resulting from venous occlusion that impairs arterial flow. We report a rare case of post-traumatic PCD after ligation of the iliac vein with successful treatment by right-to-left femoral vein to femoral vein bypass using left great saphenous vein (Palma procedure). The clinical presentation, diagnostic process, and approach to management along with a literature review on the operative management of PCD are presented in this case report.
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905343/multidetector-computed-tomography-ct-analysis-of-168-cases-in-diabetic-patients-with-total-superficial-femoral-artery-occlusion-is-it-safe-to-use-an-anterolateral-thigh-flap-without-ct-angiography-in-diabetic-patients
#10
Hyunsuk Peter Suh, Youngchul Kim, Youngchul Suh, JoonPio Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903937/ectopic-fatty-acid-binding-protein-4-expression-in-the-vascular-endothelium-is-involved-in-neointima-formation-after-vascular-injury
#11
Takahiro Fuseya, Masato Furuhashi, Megumi Matsumoto, Yuki Watanabe, Kyoko Hoshina, Tomohiro Mita, Shutaro Ishimura, Marenao Tanaka, Tetsuji Miura
BACKGROUND: Fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) is expressed in adipocytes, macrophages, and endothelial cells of capillaries but not arteries. FABP4 is secreted from adipocytes in association with lipolysis, and an elevated circulating FABP4 level is associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and atherosclerosis. However, little is known about the link between FABP4 and endovascular injury. We investigated the involvement of ectopic FABP4 expression in endothelial cells in neointima hyperplasia after vascular injury...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902827/-repeat-prosthetic-repair-of-the-internal-carotid-artery
#12
K S Zamskiĭ, A D Shatokhina, A Iu Zavarzin, G V Mashtanov
Described herein is a clinical case report regarding reoperation on carotid arteries for thrombosis of a synthetic graft of the internal carotid artery in a patient presenting with a multifocal atherosclerotic lesion. Despite medicamentous treatment carried out after the primary operation, the presence of major risk factors had unfavourably contributed to progression of the disseminated atherosclerotic process. During eight years, the patient had endured reconstructive interventions on the brachiocephalic and coronary arteries, as well as on the vessels of the iliac-femoral-popliteal segment...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902826/-treatment-of-type-ib-endoleak-after-endoprosthetic-repair-of-infrarenal-aneurysm
#13
A A Karpenko, P V Ignatenko, I V Popova
The article deals with a case report regarding successful surgical management of late type IB endoleak caused by dislocation of the leg of the stent graft, occurring three years after endoprosthetic repair of an aneurysm of the aortic infrarenal portion with the COOK stent graft, aneurysmectomy with prosthetic repair of the right common femoral artery using the linear vascular graft Intergard 8Ч20. The patient underwent surgical treatment: endoprosthetic repair of the iliac branch ZSLE-24-90-90 ZT of the Zenith Spiral AAA stent graft...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901993/vascular-complications-and-use-of-a-distal-perfusion-cannula-in-femorally-cannulated-patients-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#14
David N Ranney, Ehsan Benrashid, James M Meza, Jeffrey E Keenan, Desiree Bonadonna, Leila Mureebe, Mitchell W Cox, Mani A Daneshmand
Femoral arterial cannulation in adult venoarterial (VA) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) predisposes patients to ipsilateral limb ischemia. Placement of a distal perfusion catheter (DPC) is one of few techniques available to prevent or manage this complication. Although frequently used, the indications for and timing of DPC placement are poorly characterized, and no guidelines are available to guide its use. The purpose of this study was to compare the incidences of vascular complications and limb ischemia between patients who did and did not receive a DPC at the time of primary ECMO cannulation...
September 7, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901195/feedforward-coordinate-control-of-a-robotic-cell-injection-catheter
#15
Weyland Cheng, Peter K Law
Remote and robotically actuated catheters are the stepping-stones toward autonomous catheters, where complex intravascular procedures may be performed with minimal intervention from a physician. This article proposes a concept for the positional, feedforward control of a robotically actuated cell injection catheter used for the injection of myogenic or undifferentiated stem cells into the myocardial infarct boundary zones of the left ventricle. The prototype for the catheter system was built upon a needle-based catheter with a single degree of deflection, a 3-D printed handle combined with actuators, and the Arduino microcontroller platform...
August 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900861/acute-kidney-injury-caused-by-decompression-illness-successfully-treated-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-and-temporary-dialysis
#16
Arata Hibi, Keisuke Kamiya, Takahisa Kasugai, Keisuke Kamiya, Satoru Kominato, Chiharu Ito, Toshiyuki Miura, Katsushi Koyama
A 52-year-old Japanese male professional diver was referred to our hospital for decompression illness (DCI). After 1 h of diving operation at 20 m below sea level, he complained of dyspnea, chest pain, and abdominal pain. He dove again, intending to ease the symptoms, but the symptoms were never relieved. He dove for a total of 4 h. No neurological abnormalities were observed. Computed tomography images revealed portal venous gas and mesenteric venous gas, in addition to bubbles in the femoral veins, pelvis, lumbar canal, intracranial sinuses, and joints...
September 12, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900624/ultrasound-mediated-microbubbles-destruction-augmented-sonolysis-an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study
#17
Hai Cui, Qiong Zhu, Yunhua Gao, Hongmei Xia, Kaibin Tan, Ying He, Zheng Liu, Yali Xu
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at exploring ultrasound mediated microbubbles destruction (UMMD) assisted sonolysis in both the in vitro and in vivo clots. METHODS: Therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) and lipid microbubbles (MBs) were used in whole blood clots and divided into the control, TUS group, and TUS + MB group. Thrombolytic rates and microscopy were performed. Color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) and angiography were performed to evaluate the recanalization rates and flow scores in femoral arterial thrombus (FAT) in rabbits...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894790/aortic-dissection-and-severe-renal-failure-6-years-after-kidney-transplantation
#18
Amaury Dujardin, Awena Le Fur, Diego Cantarovich
We report the case of a patient with long-term history of hypertension, presenting with transient neurological disorders and severe graft failure several years after kidney transplantation. Cause of end-stage renal disease was hypertensive nephrosclerosis. Chronic hemodialysis lasted for 1 year. After transplantation and throughout follow-up, serum creatinine ranged from 200 to 230 μmol/L and maintenance immunosuppression included sirolimus and low-dose steroids. Six years after transplantation, the patient presented with right hip pain radiating to the lower back, transient aphasia, confusion, and hemiparesis...
September 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894667/dual-vascular-free-anterolateral-thigh-flap
#19
Toshiaki Numajiri, Daiki Morita, Shoko Tsujiko, Hiroko Nakamura, Yoshihiro Sowa, Akihito Arai, Matsui Masahiro, Hiroshi Nakano, Shigeru Hirano
BACKGROUND: The optimum number of microvascular anastomoses for safe free tissue transfer is controversial. Although the case for 2 venous anastomoses versus 1 anastomosis has been argued, the use of an additional arterial anastomosis has not been examined in detail. METHODS: Twelve patients who underwent 2 arterial anastomoses for a free flap transfer were identified retrospectively from the medical records of patients undergoing reconstruction for head and neck cancer...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894657/optimization-of-an-arterialized-venous-fasciocutaneous-flap-in-the-abdomen-of-the-rat
#20
Diogo Casal, Eduarda Mota-Silva, Diogo Pais, Inês Iria, Paula A Videira, David Tanganho, Sara Alves, Luís Mascarenhas-Lemos, José Martins Ferreira, Mário Ferraz-Oliveira, Valentina Vassilenko, João Goyri O'Neill
BACKGROUND: Although numerous experimental models of arterialized venous flaps (AVFs) have been proposed, no single model has gained widespread acceptance. The main aim of this work was to evaluate the survival area of AVFs produced with different vascular constructs in the abdomen of the rat. METHODS: Fifty-three male rats were divided into 4 groups. In group I (n = 12), a 5-cm-long and 3-cm-wide conventional epigastric flap was raised on the left side of the abdomen...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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