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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777847/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-limitation-in-peripheral-arterial-disease
#1
Zulfiqar Qutrio Baloch, Shabber Agha Abbas, Luke Marone, Abbas Ali
OBJECTIVE: PAD is associated with a markedly increased risk of cardiovascular mortality and remains under-recognized and under-treated. New screening approaches are needed to prevent disability in patients with PAD. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of clinically stable cardiovascular patients who were referred for cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) due to a variety of cardiovascular complaints. Amongst patients who prematurely terminated CPET, their available angiograms were assessed...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777842/nationally-representative-readmission-factors-in-patients-with-claudication-and-critical-limb-ischemia
#2
Rennier A Martinez, Michelle Shnayder, Joshua Parreco, Lukas Gaffney, Marcus Eby, Nicholas Cortolillo, Michael Lopez, Jack Zeltzer
INTRODUCTION: Hospital readmissions are not only associated with increased mortality, morbidity and costs but also, with current healthcare reform, tied to significant financial and administrative penalties. Some studies show that patients undergoing vascular surgery may have higher than average readmission rates. The recently released Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD) is the most comprehensive national source of readmission data, gathering discharge information from 22 geographically dispersed states, accounting for 51...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775987/acute-effect-of-interval-walking-on-arterial-stiffness-in-healthy-young-adults
#3
Takanobu Okamoto, Seok-Ki Min, Mikako Sakamaki-Sunaga
The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects of interval walking (IW) on arterial stiffness. The participants in this study were 14 healthy men and women (age 27.5±3.8 y). Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) was measured using an automatic oscillometric device at 30 min before (baseline) and at 30 and 60 min after walking. Participants repeated five sets of 3-min walks at 30% and 70% of maximum aerobic capacity for a total of 6 min per set in the IW trial. The participants also walked for 30 min at 50% (moderate intensity) of maximum aerobic capacity in a continuous walking (CW) trial...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775656/peripheral-vascular-stent-infection-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#4
Greg H Whitcher, Daniel J Bertges, Mrinal Shukla
We describe a case of an infected popliteal artery stent with septic emboli presenting 6 years after peripheral vascular intervention for intermittent claudication. Management included resection of the stent and popliteal artery and revascularization by femoral-popliteal bypass with autogenous vein. This case demonstrates that peripheral stent infections can develop years after intervention. We performed an English language PUBMED literature review of arterial peripheral vascular stent infections on using the search term, "Non-coronary stent or stent graft infection from 1966 to present...
May 15, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774551/in-vitro-hemodynamic-evaluation-of-an-adult-pulsatile-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-system
#5
Shigang Wang, Morgan Moroi, Christoph E Brehm, Allen R Kunselman, Akif Ündar
The objective of this study was to evaluate a pulsatile extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) system in terms of hemodynamic energy generation and transmission under various pulsatile amplitudes, flow rates, and pseudopatient pressures in a simulated adult ECMO circuit. Surplus hemodynamic energy (SHE), a measure of the quality of pulsatility, was used to quantify pulsatile flow. The circuit consisted of an i-cor diagonal pump, an adult XLung oxygenator, a 21 Fr Medtronic Biomedicus femoral arterial cannula, a 23/25 Fr Sorin RAP femoral venous cannula, and 3/8 in ID tubing for both arterial and venous lines...
May 17, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772331/surgical-treatment-of-a-high-flow-femoro-femoral-arteriovenous-fistula-in-an-intravenous-drug-abuser
#6
Pietro Rossetti, Paolo Perini, Alessandro Ucci, Gaetano Carolla, Antonio Freyrie, Roberto Quintavalla
OBJECTIVE: To report the surgical treatment of a high-flow femoro-femoral arteriovenous fistula (AVF), a rare complication of intravenous drug abuse. CASE REPORT: A 36-year-old woman with history of intravenous heroin and cocaine abuse presented with right lower limb oedema, inguinal bruit and heart failure. Duplex ultrasound examination and CT-angiography showed a large, high-flow AVF involving the common femoral vein and the superficial femoral artery, associated with thrombosis of the great saphenous vein and an important inflammation in the right groin, without active bleeding...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768630/what-determines-mortality-in-malignant-pheochromocytoma-report-of-a-case-with-eighteen-year-survival-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Matheus de Oliveira Andrade, Vinícius Santos da Cunha, Dayana Carla de Oliveira, Olívia Laquis de Moraes, Adriana Lofrano-Porto
Pheochromocytoma (PCC) is a tumor derived from adrenomedullary chromaffin cells. Prognosis of malignant PCC is generally poor due to local recurrence or metastasis. We aim to report a case of malignant PCC with 18-year survival and discuss which factors may be related to mortality and long-term survival in malignant pheochromocytoma. The patient, a 45-year-old man, reported sustained arterial hypertension with paroxysmal episodes of tachycardia, associated with head and neck burning sensation, and hand and foot tremors...
March 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766282/parameters-of-pulse-wave-velocity-determinants-and-reference-values-assessed-in-the-population-based-study-life-adult
#8
Daniel Baier, Andrej Teren, Kerstin Wirkner, Markus Loeffler, Markus Scholz
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Parameters of arterial stiffness such as pulse wave velocity (PWV) were recently proposed as independent risk factors of cardiovascular events. We analyse three PWV parameters in the large population-based study LIFE-Adult to identify risk factors, normal and reference values. METHODS AND RESULTS: Brachial-ankle (ba), brachial-femoral (bf) and carotid-femoral (cf) PWV assessment was performed using Vicorder device. 8509 participants aged 19-80 were analysed...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765072/notoginsenoside-r1-inhibits-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-proliferation-migration-and-neointimal-hyperplasia-through-pi3k-akt-signaling
#9
Haihong Fang, Shilin Yang, Yingying Luo, Cheng Zhang, Yi Rao, Renjing Liu, Yulin Feng, Jun Yu
Restenosis caused by neointimal hyperplasia significantly decreases long-term efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), stenting, and by-pass surgery for managing coronary and peripheral arterial diseases. A major cause of pathological neointima formation is abnormal vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration. Notoginsenoside R1 (NGR1) is a novel saponin that is derived from Panax notoginseng and has reported cardioprotective, neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764930/closure-of-large-bore-9-f-arterial-puncture-sites-with-the-angioseal-sts-device-in-acute-stroke-patients-after-intravenous-recombinant-tissue-plasminogen-activator-rt-pa
#10
Hendrik Janssen, Monika Killer-Oberpfalzer, Ruediger Lange
PURPOSE: This retrospective analysis was performed to evaluate whether large bore 9 F puncture sites can be safely closed with the 8 F AngioSeal STS device after endovascular stroke procedures in patients who did or did not receive recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). METHODS: Out of 161 consecutive endovascular stroke procedures we identified 72 patients who met the inclusion criteria, of whom 46 received rt-PA before the endovascular procedure and 26 did not...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764548/-effects-of-different-core-temperatures-after-heat-strike-on-serum-inflammatory-cytokines-and-multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-in-rats
#11
Qinghua Li, Rongqing Sun, Hongdi Lyu, Dexin Shen, Qing Hu, Haiwei Wang, Nannan Wang, Jin Yan, Jing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of different core temperatures (Tc) after heat strike on serum inflammatory cytokines and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in rat. METHODS: 120 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into normal control group (n = 30) and heat strike group (n = 90). The rats in heat strike group were put into simulated thermal climate animal module after adaptive training. The module temperature was raised to 39 centigrade in 30 minutes with 65% humidity...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763980/arterial-stiffness-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-and-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#12
M Hvelplund Kristiansen, A M Banghøj, E Laugesen, L Tarnow
AIMS: To examine whether people with Type 2 diabetes with concurrent obstructive sleep apnoea have increased arterial stiffness as compared with people with Type 2 diabetes without obstructive sleep apnoea. METHODS: In a study with a case-control design, 40 people with Type 2 diabetes and treatment-naïve moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnoea (Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index ≥15) and a control group of 31 people with Type 2 diabetes without obstructive sleep apnoea (Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index <5) were examined...
May 15, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761092/validation-of-a-piezoelectric-sensor-array-based-device-for-measurement-of-carotid-femoral-pulse-wave-velocity-the-philips-prototype
#13
Shao-Kun Xu, Xiang-Fei Hong, Yi-Bang Cheng, Chang-Yuan Liu, Yan Li, Bin Yin, Ji-Guang Wang
Background: Multiple piezoelectric pressure mechanotransducers topologized into an array might improve efficiency and accuracy in collecting arterial pressure waveforms for measurement of pulse wave velocity (PWV). Objective: In the present study, we validated a piezoelectric sensor array-based prototype (Philips) against the validated and clinically widely used Complior device (Alam Medical). Methods: We recruited 33 subjects with a wide distribution of PWV...
March 2018: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761089/association-of-haemodynamic-indices-of-central-and-peripheral-pressure-with-subclinical-target-organ-damage
#14
Junli Zuo, Shaoli Chu, Isabella Tan, Mark Butlin, Jiehui Zhao, Alberto Avolio
Background: Central aortic pressure has often been shown to be more closely associated with markers of vascular function and incidence of cardiovascular events compared to peripheral pressure. However, the potential clinical use of central aortic or peripheral haemodynamic indices as markers of target organ damage (TOD) has not been fully established. Methods: We evaluated associations of TOD with central aortic and peripheral haemodynamic indices (central aortic [cPP] and peripheral pulse pressure [pPP], central aortic augmentation index, and central and peripheral waveform factor) in 770 hospital inpatients (age 60 ± 10 years, 473 males) with primary hypertension...
March 2018: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761086/aortic-brachial-pulse-wave-velocity-ratio-a-measure-of-arterial-stiffness-gradient-not-affected-by-mean-arterial-pressure
#15
REVIEW
Catherine Fortier, Marie-Pier Desjardins, Mohsen Agharazii
Background: Aortic stiffness, measured by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), is used for the prediction of cardiovascular risk. This mini-review describes the nonlinear relationship between cf-PWV and operational blood pressure, presents the proposed methods to adjust for this relationship, and discusses a potential place for aortic-brachial PWV ratio (a measure of arterial stiffness gradient) as a blood pressure-independent measure of vascular aging. Summary: PWV is inherently dependent on the operational blood pressure...
March 2018: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761082/associations-between-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-arterial-stiffness-a-prospective-analysis-based-on-the-maine-syracuse-study
#16
Merrill F Elias, Georgina E Crichton, Peter J Dearborn, Michael A Robbins, Walter P Abhayaratna
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate prospective associations between type 2 diabetes mellitus status and the gold standard non-invasive method for ascertaining arterial stiffness, carotid femoral pulse wave velocity. Methods: The prospective analysis employed 508 community-dwelling participants (mean age 61 years, 60% women) from the Maine-Syracuse Longitudinal Study. Pulse wave velocity at wave 7 (2006-2010) was compared between those with type 2 diabetes mellitus at wave 6 (2001-2006) ( n = 52) and non-diabetics at wave 6 ( n = 456), with adjustment for demographic factors, cardiovascular risk factors and lifestyle- and pulse wave velocity-related factors...
March 2018: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760303/mir-140-3p-is-involved-in-in-stent-restenosis-by-targeting-c-myb-and-bcl-2-in-peripheral-artery-disease
#17
Zheng-Rong Zhu, Qiong He, Wei-Bin Wu, Guang-Qi Chang, Chen Yao, Yang Zhao, Mian Wang, Shen-Ming Wang
AIM: In-Stent Restenosis (ISR) is the major reason for recurrent ischemia and amputation after endovascular treatment of Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD). Our previous study demonstrated that miR-140-3p is significantly down-regulated in PAD arteries. However, expression and function of miR-140-3p in ISR of human PAD are currently unclear. The aim of this study is to determine the miR-140-3p expression and its regulative role in ISR of PAD. METHODS: The RNA level was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and in situ hybridization...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760286/comparison-of-the-femoseal-vascular-closure-device-with-manual-compression-after-femoral-artery-puncture-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-large-scale-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Nader Mankerious, Katharina Mayer, Senta M Gewalt, Sandra M Helde, Tareq Ibrahim, Lorenz Bott-Flügel, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati, Stefanie Schüpke
OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of arteriotomy closure with the intravascular FemoSeal vascular closure device (VCD; St. Jude Medical) compared to manual compression in patients undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization via the common femoral artery. BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the performance of individual contemporary VCDs compared to manual compression. METHODS: This is a subanalysis of 3018 patients who underwent transfemoral diagnostic coronary angiography and were randomly assigned to arteriotomy closure with either the intravascular FemoSeal VCD or manual compression within the investigator-initiated, large-scale, randomized, multicenter, open-label ISAR-CLOSURE trial...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759039/common-femoral-artery-endarterectomy-in-the-age-of-endovascular-therapy
#19
Mohamed Elsherif, Wael Tawfick, Mohamed Elsharkawi, Ruth Campell, Niamh Hynes, Sherif Sultan
Objectives Common femoral artery endarterectomy (CFE) is the standard treatment for common femoral artery occlusive disease. We aim to assess the medium term outcomes of CFE with or without further concomitant procedures. Design A retrospective observational study. Methods All patients who underwent either isolated CFE (ICFE), CFE with angioplasty for occlusive arterial disease (CFEA) or concomitant CFE with endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (CFEE) were included. Patient demographics follow up, clinical improvement, types of CFE closure, patency rates, and survival-free amputation were noted...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758214/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-comparing-transfemoral-transcarotid-and-transcaval-access
#20
Gaetano Paone, Marvin Eng, Loay S Kabbani, Jamil Borgi, Ed Peterson, Brianna Novitsky, Benjamin Burroughs, Dee Dee Wang, William W O'Neill, Adam S Greenbaum
BACKGROUND: Despite newer generation valves using smaller sized sheaths, 10-20 percent of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) require non-femoral artery access for valve delivery. To avoid a trans-thoracic procedure, we have utilized transcarotid (TC) and transcaval (TCav) approaches in these patients. This study compared the results of a contemporary experience with TF, TC and TCav approaches. METHODS: Between January 2015 and March 2017, 491 patients underwent TAVR at our institution of which 463 were included in this analysis...
May 11, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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