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Audrey Long

Audrey M B Wong-Kee-You, Scott A Adler
Advances in our understanding of long-term memory in early infancy have been made possible by studies that have used the Rovee-Collier's mobile conjugate reinforcement paradigm and its variants. One function that has been attributed to long-term memory is the formation of expectations (Rovee-Collier & Hayne, 1987); consequently, a long-term memory representation should be established during expectation formation. To examine this prediction and potentially open the door on a new paradigm for exploring infants' long-term memory, using the Visual Expectation Paradigm (Haith, Hazan, & Goodman, 1988), 3-month-old infants were trained to form an expectation for predictable color and spatial information of picture events and emit anticipatory eye movements to those events...
November 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
Wei Zhou, Yen-Ling Liu, Audrey M Stallworth, Chunsong Ye, John J Lenhart
We investigated the evolution in silver nanoparticle (AgNP) properties during a series of 10 - 50 day experiments on suspensions with different pH (5 - 9), electrolyte type (NaNO3 and NaCl) and concentration (2 mM and 6 mM), Suwanee River humic acid (SRHA) concentration (0 - 13.2 mg C/L) and light exposure (artificial sun light exposure for 8h per day or dark). Of these factors, pH most influenced the AgNPs' properties as it modifies surface charge as well as AgNP dissolution and oxidation, and Ag+ reduction reactions...
October 14, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Alexandre Hardy, Philippe Loriaut, Benjamin Granger, Ahmed Neffati, Audrey Massein, Laurent Casabianca, Hugues Pascal-Moussellard, Antoine Gerometta
PURPOSE: The arthroscopic Latarjet procedure has provided reliable results in the treatment of anterior shoulder instability. However, this procedure remains technically challenging and is related to several complications. The morphology of the coracoid and the glenoid are inconsistent. Inadequate coracoid and glenoid preparing may lead to mismatching between their surfaces. Inadequate screws lengthening and orientation are a major concern. Too long screws can lead to suprascapular nerve injuries or hardware irritation, whereas too short screws can lead to nonunions, fibrous unions or migration of the bone block...
October 12, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Alexandra Ahmet, Vincent Brienza, Audrey Tran, Julie Lemieux, Mary Aglipay, Nick Barrowman, Ciaran Duffy, Johannes Roth, Roman Jurencak
OBJECTIVE: Adrenal suppression (AS), a glucocorticoid (GC) side effect with potentially significant morbidity, is poorly understood. The purpose of our study was to determine frequency, duration and predictors of AS following a gradual taper of GC in children with rheumatologic conditions. METHODS: Prospective observational cohort study was conducted. All patients ≤16 years ready to discontinue GC after >4weeks of therapy were included. Morning cortisol was tested 4 weeks after GC taper to physiologic doses and then repeatedly until normalization...
October 9, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Audrey L Blewer, Mary E Putt, Lance B Becker, Barbara J Riegel, Jiaqi Li, Marion Leary, Judy A Shea, James N Kirkpatrick, Robert A Berg, Vinay M Nadkarni, Peter W Groeneveld, Benjamin S Abella
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training rates in the United States are low, highlighting the need to develop CPR educational approaches that are simpler, with broader dissemination potential. The minimum training required to ensure long-term skill retention remains poorly characterized. We compared CPR skill retention among laypersons randomized to training with video-only (VO; no manikin) with those trained with a video self-instruction kit (VSI; with manikin). We hypothesized that VO training would be noninferior to the VSI approach with respect to chest compression (CC) rate...
October 4, 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Geraldine Macdonald, Nuala Livingstone, Jennifer Hanratty, Claire McCartan, Richard Cotmore, Maria Cary, Danya Glaser, Sarah Byford, Nicky J Welton, Tania Bosqui, Lucy Bowes, Suzanne Audrey, Gill Mezey, Helen L Fisher, Wendy Riches, Rachel Churchill
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is a substantial social problem that affects large numbers of children and young people in the UK, resulting in a range of significant short- and long-term psychosocial problems. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise evidence of the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and acceptability of interventions addressing the adverse consequences of child maltreatment. STUDY DESIGN: For effectiveness, we included any controlled study...
September 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Remi Hervochon, Antonio Bobbio, Claude Guinet, Audrey Mansuet-Lupo, Antoine Rabbat, Jean-François Régnard, Nicolas Roche, Diane Damotte, Antonio Iannelli, Marco Alifano
BACKGROUND: Hypothesizing that morphometric measurements are reliable markers of fitness in patients with lung cancer requiring aggressive surgical intervention, the purpose of this study was to assess their impact on postoperative outcome and long-term survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) requiring pneumonectomy. METHODS: Height, weight, and body mass index (BMI), as well as usual clinical, laboratory (including C-reactive protein [CRP] concentrations), and pathologic data were retrospectively retrieved from files of 161 consecutive patients treated by pneumonectomy for NSCLC, whose preoperative computed tomographic (CT) scans were available in the Picture Archive and Communication System (PACS) of the hospital...
September 19, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Yaser Shanjani, Yunqing Kang, Livia Zarnescu, Audrey K Ellerbee Bowden, Jeong-Tae Koh, Dai Fei Elmer Ker, Yunzhi Yang
Vascularization of tissue engineering constructs (TECs) in vitro is of critical importance for ensuring effective and satisfactory clinical outcomes upon implantation of TECs. Biomechanical properties of TECs have remarkable influence on the in vitro vascularization of TECs. This work utilized in vitro experiments and finite element analysis to investigate endothelial patterns in hybrid constructs of soft collagen gels and rigid macroporous poly(ε-caprolactone)-β-tricalcium phosphate (PCL-β-TCP) scaffold seeded/embedded with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) for bone tissue engineering applications...
September 4, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Swati Ahuja, Russell Wicks, Audrey Selecman
Maintenance of adequate and effective oral hygiene is crucial for the long-term success of any dental therapy. This article discusses a case that failed due to the poor oral hygiene of the patient. Fabrication of uncomplicated restorations, patient education, motivation, maintenance and recall are important factors to be considered when treatment planning patients with poor oral hygiene.
July 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Jason M Nagata, Neville H Golden, Rebecka Peebles, Jin Long, Mary B Leonard, Audrey O Chang, Jennifer L Carlson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare sex differences in bone deficits among adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) and to identify other correlates of bone health. METHOD: Electronic medical records of all patients 9-20 years of age with a DSM-5 diagnosis of AN who were evaluated by the eating disorders program at Stanford with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) between March 1997 and February 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Whole body bone mineral content Z-scores and bone mineral density (BMD) Z-scores at multiple sites were recorded using the Bone Mineral Density in Childhood Study (BMDCS) reference data...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Sharon K Long, Laura Skopec, Audrey Shelto, Katharine Nordahl, Kaitlyn Kenney Walsh
Massachusetts's 2006 health reform legislation was intended to move the state to near-universal health insurance coverage and to improve access to affordable health care. Ten years on, a large body of research demonstrates sustained gains in coverage. But many vulnerable populations and communities in the state have high uninsurance rates, and among those with coverage, gaps in access and affordability persist.
September 1, 2016: Health Affairs
Audrey E Ertel, Bryce Rh Robinson, Mark H Eckman
BACKGROUND: Recent guidelines from EAST conditionally recommend cervical collar removal after a negative cervical CT in obtunded adult blunt trauma patients. Though the rates of missed injury are extremely low, the impact of chronic care costs and litigation upon decision-making remains unclear. We hypothesize that the cost-effectiveness of strategies that include additional imaging may contradict current guidelines. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis was performed for a base-case 40 year-old, obtunded, male with a negative CT...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Marie-Christine Picot, Audrey Jaussent, Dorine Neveu, Philippe Kahane, Arielle Crespel, Philippe Gelisse, Edouard Hirsch, Philippe Derambure, Sophie Dupont, Elizabeth Landré, Francine Chassoux, Luc Valton, Jean-Pierre Vignal, Cécile Marchal, Catherine Lamy, Franck Semah, Arnaud Biraben, Alexis Arzimanoglou, Jérôme Petit, Pierre Thomas, Valérie Macioce, Pierre Dujols, Philippe Ryvlin
OBJECTIVE: Despite its well-known effectiveness, the cost-effectiveness of epilepsy surgery has never been demonstrated in France. We compared cost-effectiveness between resective surgery and medical therapy in a controlled cohort of adult patients with partial intractable epilepsy. METHODS: A prospective cohort of adult patients with surgically remediable and medically intractable partial epilepsy was followed over 5 years in the 15 French centers. Effectiveness was defined as 1 year without a seizure, based on the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) classification...
October 2016: Epilepsia
Tim Schulte, Cecilia Mikaelsson, Audrey Beaussart, Alexey Kikhney, Maya Deshmukh, Sebastian Wolniak, Anuj Pathak, Christine Ebel, Jonas Löfling, Federico Fogolari, Birgitta Henriques-Normark, Yves F Dufrêne, Dmitri Svergun, Per-Åke Nygren, Adnane Achour
The major human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae is a leading cause of disease and death worldwide. Pneumococcal biofilm formation within the nasopharynx leads to long-term colonization and persistence within the host. We have previously demonstrated that the capsular surface-associated pneumococcal serine rich repeat protein (PsrP), key factor for biofilm formation, binds to keratin-10 (KRT10) through its microbial surface component recognizing adhesive matrix molecule (MSCRAMM)-related globular binding region domain (BR187-385)...
2016: Scientific Reports
Leslie R M Hausmann, Anne Canamucio, Shasha Gao, Audrey L Jones, Shimrit Keddem, Judith A Long, Rachel Werner
Despite patient-centered medical home implementation by the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), delivery of patient-centered care varies across VHA facilities. Facility characteristics underlying this variation are not fully understood. This study used administrative data from 908 VHA outpatient facilities to examine the association of racial and ethnic minority patient concentration and other facility characteristics with facility ratings of patient-centered care. The primary finding was that patient-centered ratings were lower for facilities with medium or high concentrations of Hispanic patients (medium: estimate [Est] = -0...
August 30, 2016: Population Health Management
Alexandre Hardy, Antoine Gerometta, Benjamin Granger, Audrey Massein, Laurent Casabianca, Hugues Pascal-Moussellard, Philippe Loriaut
PURPOSE: The Latarjet procedure has shown its efficiency for the treatment of anterior shoulder dislocation. The success of this technique depends on the correct positioning and fusion of the bone block. The length of the screws that fix the bone block can be a problem. They can increase the risk of non-union if too short or be the cause of nerve lesion or soft tissue discomfort if too long. Suprascapular nerve injuries have been reported during shoulder stabilisation surgery up to 6 % of the case...
August 25, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Sofia Sundqvist, Thomas Larson, Bruno Cauliez, Fabrice Bauer, Audrey Dumont, Frank Le Roy, Mélanie Hanoy, Caroline Fréguin-Bouilland, Michel Godin, Dominique Guerrot
BACKGROUND: Anticipating the time to renal replacement therapy (RRT) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is an important but challenging issue. Natriuretic peptides are biomarkers of ventricular dysfunction related to poor outcome in CKD. We comparatively investigated the value of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) as prognostic markers for the risk of RRT in stage 4 and 5 CKD patients, and in foretelling all-cause mortality and major cardiovascular events within a 5-year follow-up period...
2016: PloS One
Lionel Rostaing, Asma Allal, Arnaud Del Bello, Federico Sallusto, Laure Esposito, Nicolas Doumerc, Bénédicte Debiol, Audrey Delas, Xavier Game, Nassim Kamar
BACKGROUND: ABO-incompatible (ABOi) kidney-transplantation has very good long-term results, i.e. similar to those observed for living-kidney ABO-compatible transplantation. This is because patients are desensitized at pretransplant using apheresis and rituximab therapy, with tacrolimus-based immunosuppression. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of a single, pretransplant (Day -1), specific immunoadsorption session using Glycosorb® columns (anti-A or anti-B; Glycorex Sweden) to treat large volumes of plasma (up to 18 L)...
July 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
Paul Saultier, Pascal Auquier, Yves Bertrand, Camille Vercasson, Claire Oudin, Audrey Contet, Dominique Plantaz, Marilyne Poirée, Stéphane Ducassou, Justyna Kanold, Marie-Dominique Tabone, Jean-Hugues Dalle, Patrick Lutz, Virginie Gandemer, Nicolas Sirvent, Sandrine Thouvenin, Julie Berbis, Hervé Chambost, André Baruchel, Guy Leverger, Gérard Michel
Cardiovascular conditions are serious long-term complications of childhood acute leukemia. However, few studies have investigated the risk of metabolic syndrome, a known predictor of cardiovascular disease, in patients treated without hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We describe the overall and age-specific prevalence, and the risk factors for metabolic syndrome and its components in the L.E.A. French cohort of childhood acute leukemia survivors treated without hematopoietic stem cell transplantation...
August 11, 2016: Haematologica
Xavier Untereiner, Audrey Cagniet, Riccardo Memeo, Stylianos Tzedakis, Tullio Piardi, François Severac, Didier Mutter, Reza Kianmanesh, Jacques Marescaux, Daniele Sommacale, Patrick Pessaux
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the results of laparoscopic hepatectomy with those of open hepatectomy for colorectal cancer liver metastases (CCLM) using a propensity score matching (PSM) in two university hospital settings. METHODS: A patient in the laparoscopic approach (LA) surgery group was randomly matched with another patient in the open approach (OA) group using a 1:1 allocated ratio with the nearest estimated propensity score. No patients of the LA group were excluded for the matching...
August 2016: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
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