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Audrey Long

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686539/costs-and-cost-efficiency-of-a-mobile-cash-transfer-to-prevent-child-undernutrition-during-the-lean-season-in-burkina-faso-a-mixed-methods-analysis-from-the-mam-out-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Chloe Puett, Cécile Salpéteur, Freddy Houngbe, Karen Martínez, Dieynaba S N'Diaye, Audrey Tonguet-Papucci
Background: This study assessed the costs and cost-efficiency of a mobile cash transfer implemented in Tapoa Province, Burkina Faso in the MAM'Out randomized controlled trial from June 2013 to December 2014, using mixed methods and taking a societal perspective by including costs to implementing partners and beneficiary households. Methods: Data were collected via interviews with implementing staff from the humanitarian agency and the private partner delivering the mobile money, focus group discussions with beneficiaries, and review of accounting databases...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686528/social-justice-and-mobility-in-coastal-louisiana-usa
#2
Craig E Colten, Jessica R Z Simms, Audrey A Grismore, Scott A Hemmerling
Louisiana faces extensive coastal land loss which threatens the livelihoods of marginalized populations. These groups have endured extreme disruptive events in the past and have survived in the region by relying on several resilient practices, including mobility. Facing environmental changes that will be wrought by deliberate coastal restoration programs, elderly residents are resisting migration while younger residents continue a decades-long inland migration. Interviews and historical records illustrate a complex intersection of resilient practices and environmental migration...
February 2018: Regional Environmental Change
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673050/postnatal-persistence-of-fetal-cardiovascular-remodeling-associated-with-assisted-reproductive-technologies-a-cohort-study
#3
Brenda Valenzuela-Alcaraz, Audrey Serafini, Alvaro Sepulveda-Martínez, Gemma Casals, Merida Rodríguez-López, Laura Garcia-Otero, Monica Cruz-Lemini, Bart Bijnens, Marta Sitges, Juan Balasch, Eduard Gratacos, Fatima Crispi
OBJECTIVE: to assess the postnatal persistence of fetal cardiovascular remodeling associated to assisted reproductive technologies (ART), in children at 3 years of age. DESIGN: A cohort study of children conceived by ART. SETTING: Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit, Hospital Clinic Barcelona, Spain. POPULATION SAMPLE: 80 singleton pregnancies conceived by ART and 80 spontaneously conceived (controls) followed from fetal life up to childhood...
April 19, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669029/retrospective-attention-in-short-term-memory-has-a-lasting-effect-on-long-term-memory-across-age
#4
Jonathan Strunk, Lauren Morgan, Sarah Reaves, Paul Verhaeghen, Audrey Duarte
Objectives: Declines in both short- and long-term memory are typical of healthy aging. Recent findings suggest that retrodictive attentional cues ("retro-cues") that indicate the location of to-be-probed items in short-term memory (STM) have a lasting impact on long-term memory (LTM) performance in young adults. Whether older adults can also use retro-cues to facilitate both STM and LTM is unknown. Method: Young and older adults performed a visual STM task in which spatially informative retro-cues or non-informative neutral-cues were presented during STM maintenance of real-world objects...
April 13, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614987/the-silent-burden-of-stigmatisation-a-qualitative-study-among-dutch-people-with-a-low-socioeconomic-position
#5
Audrey M W Simons, Inge Houkes, Annemarie Koster, Daniëlle A I Groffen, Hans Bosma
BACKGROUND: In-depth qualitative research into perceived socioeconomic position-related stigmatisation among people living at the lower end of our socioeconomic hierarchy is necessary for getting more insight in the possible downside of living in an increasingly meritocratic and individualistic society. METHODS: Seventeen interviews were conducted among a group of Dutch people with a low socioeconomic position to examine their experiences with stigmatisation, how they coped with it and what they perceived as consequences...
April 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578108/initiative-for-early-lung-cancer-research-on-treatment-development-of-study-design-and-pilot-implementation
#6
Raja Flores, Emanuela Taioli, David F Yankelevitz, Betsy Jane Becker, Artit Jirapatnakul, Anthony Reeves, Rebecca Schwartz, Rowena Yip, Esther Fevrier, Kathleen Tam, Benjamin Steiger, Claudia I Henschke, Raja Flores, Andrew Kaufman, Dong-Seok Lee, Daniel Nicastri, Andrea Wolf, Kenneth Rosenzweig, Jorge Gomez, Mary Beth Beasley, Maureen Zakowski, Michael Chung, David Yankelevitz, Claudia Henschke, Rita Futamura, Sydney Kantor, Carly Wallace, Faiz Bhora, Wissam Raad, Andrew Evans, Walter Choi, Zrzu Buyuk, Adie Friedman, Ronald Dreifuss, Stacey Verzosa, Mariya Yakubox, Karina Aloferdova, Patricia Stacey, Simone De Nobrega, Rita Futamura, Sydney Kantor, Carly Wallace, Ardeshir Hakami, Kathleen Tam, Carly Wallace, Harvey Pass, Berne Crawford, Jessica Donnington, Benjamin Cooper, Andre Moreirea, Audrey Sorensen, Leslie Kohman, Robert Dunton, Jason Wallen, Christopher Curtiss, Ernest Scalzetti, Linda Ellinwood, Ralph Aye, Eric Vallieres, Brian Louie, Alex Frivar, Vivek Mehta, Kristin Manning, Maria Chona, Andrew Smith, Clifford P Connery, Emilo Torres, Dan Cruzer, Bruce Gendron, Sonya Alyea, Daniel Lackaye, Lauren Studer, Raja Flores, Claudia Henschke, Emanuela Taioli, David Yankelevitz, Betsy Becker, Artit Jirapatnakul, Anthony Reeves, Rebecca Schwartz, Rowena Yip, Esther Fevrier, Kathleen Tam, Benjamin Steiger
PURPOSE: To maximize the benefits of CT screening for lung cancer, optimal treatment is for small, early lung cancers is needed. Limiting the extent of surgery spares lung tissue, preserves pulmonary function, and decreases operative time, complications, and morbidities. It also increases the likelihood of resecting future new primary lung cancers. The goal is to assess alternative treatments in a timely manner. METHODS: The focus sessions with patients and physicians separately highlighted the need to consider their perceptions...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566723/relationships-between-work-outcomes-work-attitudes-and-work-environments-of-health-support-workers-in-ontario-long-term-care-and-home-and-community-care-settings
#7
Whitney Berta, Audrey Laporte, Tyrone Perreira, Liane Ginsburg, Adrian Rohit Dass, Raisa Deber, Andrea Baumann, Lisa Cranley, Ivy Bourgeault, Janet Lum, Brenda Gamble, Kathryn Pilkington, Vinita Haroun, Paula Neves
BACKGROUND: Our overarching study objective is to further our understanding of the work psychology of Health Support Workers (HSWs) in long-term care and home and community care settings in Ontario, Canada. Specifically, we seek novel insights about the relationships among aspects of these workers' work environments, their work attitudes, and work outcomes in the interests of informing the development of human resource programs to enhance elder care. METHODS: We conducted a path analysis of data collected via a survey administered to a convenience sample of Ontario HSWs engaged in the delivery of elder care over July-August 2015...
March 22, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543805/house-screening-with-insecticide-treated-netting-provides-sustained-reductions-in-domestic-populations-of-aedes-aegypti-in-merida-mexico
#8
Azael Che-Mendoza, Anuar Medina-Barreiro, Edgar Koyoc-Cardeña, Valentín Uc-Puc, Yamili Contreras-Perera, Josué Herrera-Bojórquez, Felipe Dzul-Manzanilla, Fabian Correa-Morales, Hilary Ranson, Audrey Lenhart, Philip J McCall, Axel Kroeger, Gonzalo Vazquez-Prokopec, Pablo Manrique-Saide
BACKGROUND: There is a need for effective methods to control Aedes aegypti and prevent the transmission of dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever and Zika viruses. Insecticide treated screening (ITS) is a promising approach, particularly as it targets adult mosquitoes to reduce human-mosquito contact. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cluster-randomised controlled trial evaluated the entomological efficacy of ITS based intervention, which consisted of the installation of pyrethroid-impregnated long-lasting insecticide-treated netting material fixed as framed screens on external doors and windows...
March 15, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528753/a-canadian-population-based-cohort-to-the-study-cost-and-burden-of-surgically-resected-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#9
Ali Mehdizadeh, Laura Rosella, Afsaneh Alavi, Gary Sibbald, Delaram Farzanfar, Ali Hazrati, Lee Vernich, Audrey Laporte, Howard Hu, Morteza Bashash
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic debilitating disease with long-lasting comorbidities that impose direct and indirect costs on the health care system. However, limited studies have estimated the burden of this disease in Canada, and no population-based studies have previously addressed this condition. OBJECTIVES: This work describes the characteristics of a population-based HS cohort to address the existing knowledge gap on the burden of HS for the Canadian health care system...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525191/the-ross-operation-in-the-adult-what-why-and-when
#10
REVIEW
Michael Ibrahim, Audrey E Spelde, Timothy I Carter, Prakash A Patel, Nimesh Desai
The normal aortic valve is a sophisticated and dynamic structure whose equal replacement has not yet been actualized by modern technology. The use of the pulmonary autograft as a substitute for a diseased aortic valve (the Ross procedure) has been in practice for several decades in many types of patient. In the adult, it has not been adopted widely due to concerns about its technical challenge, complex perioperative care, the development of pulmonic valve disease, and concerns about long-term dilatation of the neo-aortic root, among others...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519869/dexamethasone-in-hyperleukocytic-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#11
Sarah Bertoli, Muriel Picard, Emilie Bérard, Emmanuel Griessinger, Clément Larrue, Pierre-Luc Mouchel, François Vergez, Suzanne Tavitian, Edwige Yon, Jean Ruiz, Eric Delabesse, Isabelle Luquet, Laetitia Karine Linares, Estelle Saland, Martin Carroll, Gwenn Danet-Desnoyers, Audrey Sarry, Françoise Huguet, Jean-Emmanuel Sarry, Christian Récher
Patients with acute myeloid leukemia and a high white blood cell count are at increased risk for early death and relapse. Because mediators of inflammation contribute to leukostasis and chemoresistance, dexamethasone added to chemotherapy could improve outcomes. This retrospective study evaluated the impact of adding or not adding dexamethasone to chemotherapy in a cohort of 160 patients with at least 50x109 white blood cells. In silico studies, primary samples, leukemic cell lines, and xenograft mouse models were used to explore the antileukemic activity of dexamethasone...
March 8, 2018: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475580/evidence-of-cardiac-involvement-in-the-fetal-inflammatory-response-syndrome-disruption-of-gene-networks-programming-cardiac-development-in-nonhuman-primates
#12
Timothy Mitchell, James W MacDonald, Sengkeo Srinouanpranchanh, Theodor K Bammler, Sean Merillat, Erica Boldenow, Michelle Coleman, Kathy Agnew, Audrey Baldessari, Jennifer E Stencel-Baerenwald, Jennifer Tisoncik-Go, Richard R Green, Michael J Gale, Lakshmi Rajagopal, Kristina M Adams Waldorf
BACKGROUND: Most early preterm births are associated with intraamniotic infection and inflammation, which can lead to systemic inflammation in the fetus. The fetal inflammatory response syndrome describes elevations in the fetal interleukin-6 level, which is a marker for inflammation and fetal organ injury. An understanding of the effects of inflammation on fetal cardiac development may lead to insight into the fetal origins of adult cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the fetal inflammatory response syndrome is associated with disruptions in gene networks that program fetal cardiac development...
February 21, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471480/family-medicine-clinic-a-case-study-of-a-hospital-family-medicine-practice-redesign-to-improve-chronic-disease-care-in-the-community-in-singapore
#13
Yee Wei Lim, Joanna Ling, Zoe Lim, Audrey Chia
Background: Singapore's health care system is strained by the health care needs of a rapidly aging population. The unprecedented collaboration between a public hospital and a private family practice to set up the Family Medicine Clinic (FMC) to co-manage patients with chronic disease is an example of efforts to shift care to the community. Objective: To explore patients' initial experience of shared chronic disease care in a private family practice setting. Methods: In this exploratory case study, we surveyed 330 patients with stable chronic diseases and interviewed 10 complex care patients and their caregivers...
February 17, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462773/unmatched-speed-perceptions-between-overground-and-treadmill-manual-wheelchair-propulsion-in-long-term-manual-wheelchair-users
#14
Félix Chénier, Audrey Champagne, Guillaume Desroches, Dany H Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Manual wheelchair (MWC) propulsion is increasingly assessed on a motorized treadmill (TM), which is often considered more ecologically valid than stationary rollers. However, no clear consensus on the similarities between overground (OG) and TM propulsion has yet been reached. Furthermore, no study has investigated the participants' perceptions of propelling a MWC on a TM compared to OG. RESEARCH QUESTION: The present study aims to assess the perception of speed when propelling on a TM vs OG, and to relate this perception to measured spatiotemporal variables, kinetics and work...
February 12, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462203/a-generic-hts-assay-for-kinase-screening-validation-for-the-isolation-of-an-engineered-malate-kinase
#15
Romain Irague, Christopher M Topham, Nelly Martineau, Audrey Baylac, Clément Auriol, Thomas Walther, Jean-Marie François, Isabelle André, Magali Remaud-Siméon
An end-point ADP/NAD+ acid/alkali assay procedure, directly applicable to library screening of any type of ATP-utilising/ADP producing enzyme activity, was implemented. Typically, ADP production is coupled to NAD+ co-enzyme formation by the conventional addition of pyruvate kinase and lactate dehydrogenase. Transformation of enzymatically generated NAD+ into a photometrically active alkali derivative product is then achieved through the successive application of acidic/alkali treatment steps. The assay was successfully miniaturized to search for malate kinase activity in a structurally-guided library of LysC aspartate kinase variants comprising 6,700 clones...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449669/predictive-biomarkers-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-and-barrett-s-esophagus-in-world-trade-center-exposed-firefighters-a-15-year-longitudinal-study
#16
Syed H Haider, Sophia Kwon, Rachel Lam, Audrey K Lee, Erin J Caraher, George Crowley, Liqun Zhang, Theresa M Schwartz, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Mengling Liu, David J Prezant, Anna Nolan
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and Barrett's Esophagus (BE), which are prevalent in the World Trade Center (WTC) exposed and general populations, negatively impact quality of life and cost of healthcare. GERD, a risk factor of BE, is linked to obstructive airways disease (OAD). We aim to identify serum biomarkers of GERD/BE, and assess the respiratory and clinical phenotype of a longitudinal cohort of never-smoking, male, WTC-exposed rescue workers presenting with pulmonary symptoms. Biomarkers collected soon after WTC-exposure were evaluated in optimized predictive models of GERD/BE...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438460/practical-dietary-recommendations-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adults
#17
Elena S George, Adrienne Forsyth, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Amanda J Nicoll, Marno Ryan, Siddharth Sood, Stuart K Roberts, Audrey C Tierney
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease worldwide. In the absence of effective pharmacotherapies, clinical guidelines focus primarily on weight loss to treat this condition. Established consensus, evidence-based, and clinical dietary recommendations for NAFLD are currently lacking. The aim of this paper is to provide evidence-based practical dietary recommendations for the prevention and management of NAFLD in adults. A literature review focusing on established principles for the development of clinical practice recommendations was employed using the following criteria: based on substantial evidence, ensures risk minimization, is flexible for an individual patient approach, and is open to further modification as evidence emerges...
January 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422660/deep-intronic-variation-in-splicing-regulatory-element-of-the-ercc8-gene-associated-with-severe-but-long-term-survival-cockayne-syndrome
#18
Audrey Schalk, Géraldine Greff, Nathalie Drouot, Cathy Obringer, Hélène Dollfus, Vincent Laugel, Jamel Chelly, Nadège Calmels
Cockayne syndrome is an autosomal recessive multisystem disorder characterized by intellectual disability, microcephaly, severe growth failure, sensory impairment, peripheral neuropathy, and cutaneous sensitivity. This rare disease is linked to disease-causing variations in the ERCC6 (CSB) and ERCC8 (CSA) genes. Various degrees of severity have been described according to age at onset and survival, without any clear genotype-phenotype correlation. All types of nucleotide changes have been observed in CS genes, including splice variations mainly affecting the splice site consensus sequences...
February 8, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402632/prospective-longitudinal-overnight-video-eeg-evaluation-in-phelan-mcdermid-syndrome
#19
Omar I Khan, Xiangping Zhou, Jill Leon, Riley Kessler, Thomas Gaughan, Precilla D'Souza, Andrea Gropman, Ninette Cohen, Owen Rennert, Ashura Buckley, Sara Inati, Audrey Thurm
OBJECTIVE: Phelan-McDermid Syndrome (PMS) is a rare genetic condition associated with loss of function mutations, including deletions, in the chromosome 22q13 region. This PMS phenotype includes intellectual disability, often minimal to absent verbal skills, and other neurologic features including autism spectrum disorder and seizures. Reports indicate seizures and abnormal electroencephalograms (EEGs) in this population, but previous studies do not describe EEG findings during sleep or prognostic value of abnormal EEG over any time period...
February 2, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400709/congenital-zika-virus-infection-as-a-silent-pathology-with-loss-of-neurogenic-output-in-the-fetal-brain
#20
Kristina M Adams Waldorf, Branden R Nelson, Jennifer E Stencel-Baerenwald, Colin Studholme, Raj P Kapur, Blair Armistead, Christie L Walker, Sean Merillat, Jay Vornhagen, Jennifer Tisoncik-Go, Audrey Baldessari, Michelle Coleman, Manjiri K Dighe, Dennis W W Shaw, Justin A Roby, Veronica Santana-Ufret, Erica Boldenow, Junwei Li, Xiaohu Gao, Michael A Davis, Jesica A Swanstrom, Kara Jensen, Douglas G Widman, Ralph S Baric, Joseph T Medwid, Kathryn A Hanley, Jason Ogle, G Michael Gough, Wonsok Lee, Chris English, W McIntyre Durning, Jeff Thiel, Chris Gatenby, Elyse C Dewey, Marian R Fairgrieve, Rebecca D Hodge, Richard F Grant, LaRene Kuller, William B Dobyns, Robert F Hevner, Michael Gale, Lakshmi Rajagopal
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus with teratogenic effects on fetal brain, but the spectrum of ZIKV-induced brain injury is unknown, particularly when ultrasound imaging is normal. In a pregnant pigtail macaque (Macaca nemestrina) model of ZIKV infection, we demonstrate that ZIKV-induced injury to fetal brain is substantial, even in the absence of microcephaly, and may be challenging to detect in a clinical setting. A common and subtle injury pattern was identified, including (i) periventricular T2-hyperintense foci and loss of fetal noncortical brain volume, (ii) injury to the ependymal epithelium with underlying gliosis and (iii) loss of late fetal neuronal progenitor cells in the subventricular zone (temporal cortex) and subgranular zone (dentate gyrus, hippocampus) with dysmorphic granule neuron patterning...
February 5, 2018: Nature Medicine
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