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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231700/effect-on-quanti-quality-milk-and-mozzarella-cheese-characteristics-with-further-increasing-the-level-of-dried-stoned-olive-pomace-in-diet-for-lactating-buffalo
#1
Agnese Taticchi, Settimio Bartocci, Maurizio Servili, Sabrina Di Giovanni, Mariano Pauselli, Evangelia Mourvaki, David Meo Zilio, Stefano Terramoccia
Objective: Following a previous report, an experiment was conducted to determine the effect of increasing level of DSOP (dried stoned olives pomaces) in the diet of lactating buffaloes on milk and mozzarella cheese yield and characteristics. Methods: Sixteen pluriparous buffaloes distributed into two groups were fed an isoenergetic (0.9 Milk FU/kg) and isoprotein (149 g/kg DM of crude protein) diet, with or without DSOP. Each animal received 17 kg DM/d. Samples of forages and concentrates were weekly collected and used for duplicate chemical analyses...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231669/-consistency-analysis-on-acute-hepatitis-b-inpatients-reported-by-hepatitis-b-surveillance-pilot-spots-in-six-provinces-of-china
#2
N Miao, G M Zhang, F Z Wang, H Zheng, X J Sun, X J Ma, F Q Cui
Objective: To understand the characteristics of acute hepatitis B inpatients reported by the hepatitis B surveillance pilot points and to estimate the consistency between the diagnosed and reported types of hepatitis B by the clinicians involved. Methods: Data related to acute hepatitis B was from the NNDRS and the characteristics of acute hepatitis B were classified by querying Hospital Information System. We recorded the results based on clinical diagnosis and analyzed the consistency between the reported and diagnosed types that the clinicians made, on hepatitis B...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231666/-an-outbreak-of-paratyphoid-fever-in-a-county-of-yunnan-province-2010-2011
#3
S K Wang, Z G Wang, X H Zhang, B Yang, Q Wu, B Kan, Y H Zhou, R S Yang, M Y Yan
Objective: To identify the source and to comment on control program regarding an outbreak of paratyphoid A fever in a county, through field studies. Methods: Descriptive epidemiological methods were adopted to describe the epidemiological characteristics of the outbreak, which occurred in Yuanjiang county, Yunan province between 2010-2011, China. Case-control study with environmental investigation was performed to identify related risk factors and pathogens while isolation and susceptibility on the suspected pathogens were conducted...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231537/release-kinetics-of-esterified-p-coumaric-acid-and-ferulic-acid-from-rice-straw-in-mild-alkaline-solution
#4
Tran Ngoc Linh, Hirokata Fujita, Akiyoshi Sakoda
The release kinetics of esterified p-coumaric acid (PCA) and ferulic acid (FA) from rice straw under a mild alkaline condition were investigated to collect fundamental data for the design of a recovery process. The results showed that the straw size, NaOH concentration, and temperature were the key parameters governing release kinetics. The analysis demonstrated that FA is released considerably faster than PCA. The close relationship between lignin and the PCA dissolution indicates a reciprocal and/or simultaneous release...
February 7, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231328/integrating-the-sd-clue-s-and-invest-models-into-assessment-of-oasis-carbon-storage-in-northwestern-china
#5
Youjia Liang, Lijun Liu, Jiejun Huang
Spatio-temporal integrated assessment of land-use change impacts on carbon storage services is a new and important research field in land science and landscape ecology. The objective of this paper is to use an integrated SD-CLUE-S and InVEST model to simulate and predict land-use changes impacts during 2000-2018 on carbon storage at pixel and regional scales in the Zhangye oasis, Northwest China. The SD-CLUE-S model was used to simulate land-use change, and three land-use scenarios (current trend, moderate protection, and strict protection) were defined in collaboration with oasis socioeconomic development and ecological environment conservation by local government...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231161/food-leftover-practices-among-consumers-in-selected-countries-in-europe-south-and-north-america
#6
Kadri Koppel, Federica Higa, Sandria Godwin, Nelson Gutierrez, Roman Shalimov, Paula Cardinal, Brizio Di Donfrancesco, Miriam Sosa, Angel A Carbonell-Barrachina, Loreida Timberg, Edgar Chambers
Foodborne illnesses may be related to many food production factors with home practices of consumers playing an important role in food safety. Consumer behavior for handling food leftovers has been studied, however little work on comparisons among countries has been published. The objective of this study was to investigate home food leftover practices of people from North American, South American, and European countries. Surveys were conducted with approximately 100 or more consumers in Argentina, Colombia, the United States, Estonia, Italy, Russia, and Spain...
September 21, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231127/a-summary-of-the-united-states-food-and-drug-administrations-food-safety-program-for-imported-seafood-one-country-s-approach
#7
REVIEW
Brett Koonse
It is well known that the vast majority of seafood is captured or farmed in emerging countries and exported to developed countries. This has resulted in seafood being the number one traded food commodity in the world. Food safety is essential to this trade. Exporting countries should understand the regulatory food safety programs of the countries they ship to in order to comply with their applicable laws and regulations to avoid violations and disruptions in trade. The United States (U.S.) imports more seafood than any individual country in the world but the European Union (E...
April 29, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231007/molecular-dynamics-recrystallization-behavior-and-water-solubility-of-amorphous-anticancer-agent-bicalutamide-and-its-polyvinylpyrrolidone-mixtures
#8
Justyna Szczurek, Marzena Rams-Baron, Justyna Knapik-Kowalczuk, Agata Antosik, Joanna Szafraniec, Witold Jamroz, Mateusz Dulski, Renata Jachowicz, Marian Paluch
In this paper, we investigated the molecular mobility and physical stability of amorphous bicalutamide, a poorly water-soluble drug widely used in prostate cancer treatment. Our broadband dielectric spectroscopy measurements and differential scanning calorimetry studies revealed that amorphous BIC is a moderately fragile material with strong tendency to recrystallize from amorphous state. However, mixing the drug with polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone results in a substantial improvement of physical stability attributed to antiplasticizing effect governing by polymer additive...
February 23, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230998/influence-of-the-anomeric-conformation-in-the-intermolecular-interactions-of-glucose
#9
Imanol Usabiaga, Jorge González, Iker León, Pedro Felipe Arnaiz, Emilio J Cocinero, Jose A Fernandez
Carbohydrates are together with amino acids, DNA bases and lipids the building blocks of living beings. They play a central role in basic functions as immunity and signaling, which are governed by non-covalent interactions between sugar units and/or with other biomolecules. To get insights on such interactions between monosaccharide units, we used a combination of mass-resolved laser spectroscopy in supersonic expansions and molecular structure calculations. The results obtained clearly demonstrate that the small stability difference between the α/β anomers of glucopyranose derivatives is reversed and amplified during molecular aggregation, making the complexes of the β-anomers significantly more stable...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230997/universal-exciton-size-in-organic-polymers-is-determined-by-non-local-orbital-exchange-in-tddft
#10
Stefanie A Mewes, Felix Plasser, Andreas Dreuw
The exciton size of the lowest singlet excited state in a diverse set of organic π-conjugated polymers is studied and found to be a universal, system-independent quantity of approximately 7 Å in the single chain picture. With time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT), its value as well as the overall description of the exciton is almost exclusively governed by the amount of non-local orbital exchange. This is traced back to the lack of the Coulomb attraction between the electron and hole quasiparticles in pure TDDFT, which is reintroduced only with the admixture of non-local orbital exchange...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230968/inhibition-of-%C3%AE-synuclein-fibril-elongation-by-hsp70-is-governed-by-a-kinetic-binding-competition-between-%C3%AE-synuclein-species
#11
Francesco A Aprile, Paolo Arosio, Giuliana Fusco, Serene W Chen, Janet R Kumita, Anne Dhulesia, Paolo Tortora, Tuomas P J Knowles, Michele Vendruscolo, Christopher M Dobson, Nunilo Cremades
The Hsp70 family of chaperones plays an essential role in suppressing protein aggregation in the cell. Here we investigate the factors controlling the intrinsic ability of human Hsp70 to inhibit the elongation of amyloid fibrils formed by the Parkinson's disease-related protein α-synuclein. Using kinetic analysis, we show that Hsp70 binds preferentially to α-synuclein fibrils as a consequence of variations in the association and dissociation rate constants of binding to the different aggregated states of the protein...
February 23, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230760/bioinformatics-approaches-for-fetal-dna-fraction-estimation-in-noninvasive-prenatal-testing
#12
REVIEW
Xianlu Laura Peng, Peiyong Jiang
The discovery of cell-free fetal DNA molecules in plasma of pregnant women has created a paradigm shift in noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT). Circulating cell-free DNA in maternal plasma has been increasingly recognized as an important proxy to detect fetal abnormalities in a noninvasive manner. A variety of approaches for NIPT using next-generation sequencing have been developed, which have been rapidly transforming clinical practices nowadays. In such approaches, the fetal DNA fraction is a pivotal parameter governing the overall performance and guaranteeing the proper clinical interpretation of testing results...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230540/revealing-magnetic-ordering-and-spin-phonon-coupling-in-y1-xtbxmno3-0-1-%C3%AF-x-%C3%AF-0-3-compounds
#13
Keka R Chakraborty, Barnita Paul, Rakesh Shukla, Psr Krishna, Amit Kumar, Mayuresh Mukadam, Balaji Mandal, Anushree Roy, Avesh Tyagi, S Yusuf
The structural and magnetic properties of the Y1-xTbxMnO3(0.1x0.3)compoundswere investigated.Neutron diffraction patterns for all three samples,recorded at room temperature (RT),were fitted to the nuclear structure confirming the paramagnetic nature of the compounds. At 2.8 K,for the x = 0.1 sample magnetic moments of the Tb3+ionic as well as Mn3+ionic were ordered.At 5 K for the x = 0.2 sample only the Mn3+ionic magnetic moments were ordered. Therewere six sites for Mn atoms. Three on the z = 0 plane and three on the z = 0...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230450/characteristics-and-medication-use-of-psoriasis-patients-who-may-or-may-not-qualify-for-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
William Malatestinic, Beth Nordstrom, Jashin J Wu, Orin Goldblum, Kathleen Solotkin, Chen-Yen Lin, Kristin Kistler, Kathy Fraeman, Joseph Johnston, Lcdr Lesley Hawley, Nicholas Sicignano, Andre Araujo
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials impose exclusion criteria that may limit the generalizability of results. OBJECTIVES: To (a) determine the percentage of real-world patients who would qualify for psoriasis randomized controlled trials; (b) ascertain differences between moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients who would be eligible, ineligible, or potentially eligible for clinical trials; and (c) compare their biologic treatment patterns. METHODS: Moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients were identified from the U...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230310/hydroxy-directed-ruthenium-catalyzed-alkene-alkyne-coupling-increased-scope-stereochemical-implications-and-mechanistic-rationale
#15
Stephan M Rummelt, Gui-Juan Cheng, Puneet Gupta, Walter Thiel, Alois Fürstner
The recognition of the dual binding mode of propargyl and allyl alcohols to [Cp*Ru] fragments fostered the development of a highly regioselective intermolecular Alder-ene-type reaction of alkynes with 1,2-disubstituted alkenes. The increased substrate scope opens new perspectives in stereochemical terms. As the loaded catalyst is chiral-at-metal, stereochemical information is efficiently relayed from the propargylic site to the emerging C-C bond. This interpretation is based on the X-ray structure of the first Cp*Ru complex carrying an intact enyne ligand, and provides valuable insights into bonding and activation of the substrates...
February 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230222/conceptual-density-functional-theory-for-electron-transfer-and-transport-in-mesoscopic-systems
#16
Paulo R Bueno, David A Miranda
Molecular and supramolecular systems are essentially mesoscopic in character. The electron self-exchange, in the case of energy fluctuations, or electron transfer/transport, in the case of the presence of an externally driven electrochemical potential, between mesoscopic sites is energetically driven in such a manner where the electrochemical capacitance (C[small mu, Greek, macron]) is fundamental. Thus, the electron transfer/transport through channels connecting two distinct energetic (ΔE[small mu, Greek, macron]) and spatially separated mesoscopic sites is capacitively modulated...
February 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230173/a-novel-physiological-role-for-cardiac-myoglobin-in-lipid-metabolism
#17
Ulrike B Hendgen-Cotta, Sonja Esfeld, Cristina Coman, Robert Ahrends, Ludger Klein-Hitpass, Ulrich Flögel, Tienush Rassaf, Matthias Totzeck
Continuous contractile activity of the heart is essential and the required energy is mostly provided by fatty acid (FA) oxidation. Myocardial lipid accumulation can lead to pathological responses, however the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. The role of myoglobin in dioxygen binding in cardiomyocytes and oxidative skeletal muscle has widely been appreciated. Our recent work established myoglobin as a protector of cardiac function in hypoxia and disease states. We here unravel a novel role of cardiac myoglobin in governing FA metabolism to ensure the physiological energy production through β-oxidation, preventing myocardial lipid accumulation and preserving cardiac functions...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230090/advanced-retarded-differential-equations-in-quantum-photonic-systems
#18
Unai Alvarez-Rodriguez, Armando Perez-Leija, Iñigo L Egusquiza, Markus Gräfe, Mikel Sanz, Lucas Lamata, Alexander Szameit, Enrique Solano
We propose the realization of photonic circuits whose dynamics is governed by advanced-retarded differential equations. Beyond their mathematical interest, these photonic configurations enable the implementation of quantum feedback and feedforward without requiring any intermediate measurement. We show how this protocol can be applied to implement interesting delay effects in the quantum regime, as well as in the classical limit. Our results elucidate the potential of the protocol as a promising route towards integrated quantum control systems on a chip...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230064/direct-observation-of-intrinsic-twin-domains-in-tetragonal-ch3nh3pbi3
#19
Mathias Uller Rothmann, Wei Li, Ye Zhu, Udo Bach, Leone Spiccia, Joanne Etheridge, Yi-Bing Cheng
Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites are exciting candidates for next-generation solar cells, with CH3NH3PbI3 being one of the most widely studied. While there have been intense efforts to fabricate and optimize photovoltaic devices using CH3NH3PbI3, critical questions remain regarding the crystal structure that governs its unique properties of the hybrid perovskite material. Here we report unambiguous evidence for crystallographic twin domains in tetragonal CH3NH3PbI3, observed using low-dose transmission electron microscopy and selected area electron diffraction...
February 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229925/eskd-in-sub-saharan-africa-will-governments-now-listen
#20
Ikechi G Okpechi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Lancet Global Health
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