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Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914274/the-adaptive-psychological-changes-of-elective-induction-of-labor-in-breastfeeding-women
#1
Vincenzo Zanardo, Martina Bertin, Laura Sansone, Laura Felice
BACKGROUND: Labor induction has been associated with breastfeeding suppression, but reasons for why this association exists have not been well determined. METHODS: We examined the influence of elective labor induction by vaginal prostaglandin at gestational week 41(+3)days on affective, cognitive, and behavioural adaptations early in puerperium and on breastfeeding pattern at 1 and 3months. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty consecutive puerperae were assigned to two groups: mothers having received vaginal prostaglandin E2 gel (Prepidil®, dinoprostone) before labor (PGE group, n=90) and mothers having received no treatment (unmedicated group, n=90)...
November 30, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914245/perinatal-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-regulation-among-women-with-eating-disorders-and-their-infants
#2
A Easter, E Taborelli, A Bye, P A Zunszain, C M Pariante, J Treasure, U Schmidt, N Micali
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric illness is associated with heightened hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity during pregnancy which may have long term effects on infant stress regulation. HPA axis regulation has not previously been investigated in women with eating disorders (ED) or their infants during the perinatal period. METHODS: Women were recruited to a prospective longitudinal study in three groups: 1) current or active ED (C-ED=31), 2) past ED (P-ED=29) and healthy control (HC=57)...
November 11, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914195/is-leisure-beneficial-for-older-korean-immigrants-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#3
Junhyoung Kim, Sangjeong Moon, Jungsun Song
Leisure is an important quality of life factor for older Korean immigrants. The purpose of this study was to explore leisure benefits associated with health among older Korean immigrants. A total of 18 individuals participated in the study. Using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA), three themes emerged from participants' personal statements and experiences: (a) experiencing psychological benefits, (b) strengthening social connections, and (c) coping with acculturative stress. The findings indicate that leisure provided a context in which older Korean immigrants created an emotional and social support system that helped them to experience psychological and social benefits...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914166/trauma-related-dissociation-psychological-features-and-psychophysiological-responses-to-script-driven-imagery-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#4
Dana Bichescu-Burian, Jürgen Steyer, Tilman Steinert, Benjamin Grieb, Stefan Tschöke
Defense reactions to threatening situations are vital adaptations to stress that protect organisms from injury and ensure survival. We retrospectively investigated the role of peritraumatic dissociation (PD) in the occurrence of severe psychopathology and dissociative patterns of reactions in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We recruited 28 patients with a clinical diagnosis of BPD and 15 healthy controls. The BPD group was divided according to the level of PD (low vs. high): BPD and PD (n = 15) and BPD only (n = 13)...
December 3, 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913967/the-texture-of-causal-construals-domain-specific-biases-shape-causal-inferences-from-discourse
#5
Brent Strickland, Ike Silver, Frank C Keil
We conducted five sets of experiments asking whether psychological and physical events are construed in broadly different manners concerning the underlying textures of their causes. In Experiments 1a-1d, we found a robust tendency to estimate fewer causes (but not effects) for psychological than for physical events; Experiment 2 showed a similar pattern of results when participants were asked to generate hypothetical causes and effects; Experiment 3 revealed a greater tendency to ascribe linear chains of causes (but not effects) to physical events; Experiment 4 showed that the expectation of linear chains was related to intuitions about deterministic processes; and Experiment 5 showed that simply framing a given ambiguous event in psychological versus physical terms is sufficient to induce changes in the patterns of causal inferences...
December 2, 2016: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913929/-inpatient-multimodal-pain-therapy-additive-value-of-neuromuscular-core-stability-exercises-for-chronic-back-pain
#6
F Giesche, H Streicher, M Maiwald, P Wagner
INTRODUCTION: The medical and healthcare economic burden caused by chronic lumbar back pain (CLBP) requires the use of interdisciplinary treatment approaches. The present study aimed to evaluate whether the effectiveness of inpatient multimodal pain therapy (MPT, operations and procedures (OPS) coding 8-918.02), can be increased by implementing additional neuromuscular core stability exercises (NCSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: As part of a prospective controlled study, subjects with CLBP (n = 48, 17 males, 58...
December 2, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913921/language-difficulty-at-school-entry-and-the-trajectories-of-hyperactivity-inattention-problems-from-ages-4-to-11-evidence-from-a-population-representative-cohort-study
#7
Shaun Goh Kok Yew, Richard O'Kearney
Latent growth curve modelling was used to contrast the developmental trajectories of hyperactivity-inattention (H-I) problems across childhood for children with a language difficulty at the start of school and those with typical language and to examine if the presence of a language difficulty moderates the associations of child, parent and peer predictors with these trajectories. Unconditional and language-status conditional latent growth curves of H-I problems were estimated for a large nationally representative cohort of children, comprising 1627 boys (280 - language difficulty) and 1609 girls (159 - language difficulty) measured at age 4 to 5, 6 to 7, 8 to 9 and 10 to 11...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913760/neighborhood-physical-disorder-and-psychological-distress-does-the-risk-increase-with-age
#8
Manacy Pai, Joongbaeck Kim
Although research documents a link between neighborhood physical disorder and psychological distress, we know little about the extent to which this association varies by age. Utilizing the person-environment fit model and drawing on data from the fourth wave of the Americans' Changing Lives Survey, we examine the extent to which age influences the association between perceptions of neighborhood physical disorder and psychological distress, as measured by depressive symptoms. We employ both continuous and categorical measures of age to test for a potential moderating effect...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913716/single-and-multiple-clinical-syndromes-in-incarcerated-offenders-associations-with-dissociative-experiences-and-emotionality
#9
Carlo Garofalo, Patrizia Velotti, Cristina Crocamo, Giuseppe Carrà
The present study examined the prevalence and correlates of clinical syndromes in a large group (N = 438) of incarcerated violent offenders, looking at differences between inmates with one and those with more than one clinical syndromes. More than a half of the sample (57%) reported clinically relevant symptoms for at least one clinical syndrome (n = 252), and the majority of them (38%) reported more syndromes in comorbidity (n = 169). Increased severity of clinical conditions (none, one, more than one syndrome) corresponded with significantly greater levels of personality disorder traits, psychological symptoms, dissociation, and negative emotionality, with large effect sizes...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913692/factors-motivating-hpv-vaccine-uptake-among-vaccinated-and-nonvaccinated-hispanic-young-adult-women
#10
Dionne P Stephens, Hod Tamir, Tami L Thomas
INTRODUCTION: To identify factors influencing human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination up taking decision making among vaccinated and nonvaccinated Hispanic college women. PARTICIPANTS: Hispanic young women between the ages of 18 and 24 years (N = 49). In total, 26 had not received the HPV vaccine, and 23 had started/completed the vaccine series. METHOD: Participants registered for the study via a psychology research pool at a large public university in the southeast United States after institutional review board approval...
December 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913593/higher-heart-rate-variability-is-associated-with-vmpfc-activity-and-increased-resistance-to-temptation-in-dietary-self-control-challenges
#11
Silvia U Maier, Todd A Hare
: Higher levels of self-control in decision making have been linked to better psychosocial and physical health. A similar link to health outcomes has been reported for heart rate variability (HRV), a marker of physiological flexibility. Here, we sought to link these two, largely separate, research domains by testing the hypothesis that greater HRV would be associated with better dietary self-control in humans. Specifically, we examined whether total HRV at sedentary rest (measured as the standard deviation of normal-to-normal intervals, SDNN) can serve as a biomarker for the neurophysiological adaptability that putatively underlies self-controlled behavior...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913591/temporal-expectations-guide-dynamic-prioritization-in-visual-working-memory-through-attenuated-alpha-oscillations
#12
Freek van Ede, Marcel Niklaus, Anna C Nobre
: While working memory is generally considered a highly dynamic mnemonic store, popular laboratory tasks employed to understand its psychological and neural mechanisms (such as change detection and continuous reproduction) often remain relatively "static", involving the retention of a set number of items throughout a shared delay interval. In the current study, we investigated visual working memory in a more dynamic setting, and assessed: 1) whether internally guided temporal expectations can dynamically and reversibly prioritize individual mnemonic items at specific times at which they are deemed most relevant and 2) the neural substrates that support such dynamic prioritization...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913255/using-the-bitola-system-to-identify-candidate-molecules-in-the-interaction-between-oral-lichen-planus-and-depression
#13
Yuanbo Zhan, Shuang Zhou, Ying Li, Sen Mu, Xuejing Song, Feng Lin, Ruimin Zhang, Bin Zhang
Exacerbations of oral lichen planus (OLP) have been linked to the periods of psychological stress, anxiety and depression. The specific mechanism of the interaction is unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the candidate genes or molecules that play important roles in the interaction between OLP and depression. The BITOLA system was used to search all intermediate concepts relevant to the "Gene or Gene Product" for OLP and depression, and the gene expression data and tissue-specific gene data along with manual checking were then employed to filter the intermediate concepts...
November 29, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913232/visual-acuity-and-quality-of-life-in-dry-eye-disease-proceedings-of-the-ocean-group-meeting
#14
José Benítez-Del-Castillo, Marc Labetoulle, Christophe Baudouin, Maurizio Rolando, Yonca A Akova, Pasquale Aragona, Gerd Geerling, Jesús Merayo-Lloves, Elisabeth M Messmer, Kostas Boboridis
Dry eye disease (DED) results in tear film instability and hyperosmolarity, inflammation of the ocular surface and, ultimately, visual disturbance that can significantly impact a patient's quality of life. The effects on visual acuity result in difficulties with driving, reading and computer use and negatively impact psychological health. These effects also extend to the workplace, with a loss of productivity and quality of work causing substantial economic losses. The effects of DED and the impact on vision experienced by patients may not be given sufficient importance by ophthalmologists...
November 29, 2016: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913160/psychological-well-being-and-mental-health-recovery-in-the-nimh-raise-early-treatment-program
#15
Julia Browne, David L Penn, Piper S Meyer-Kalos, Kim T Mueser, Sue E Estroff, Mary F Brunette, Christoph U Correll, James Robinson, Robert A Rosenheck, Nina Schooler, Delbert G Robinson, Jean Addington, Patricia Marcy, John M Kane
Recovery-oriented practices that promote client-centered care, collaboration, and functional outcome have been recommended to improve treatment engagement, especially for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). Psychological well-being (PWB) is related to recovery and refers to experiencing purpose and meaning in life through realizing one's potential. The recently completed Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode Early Treatment Program (RAISE ETP) study sought to improve quality of life, functional outcome, and well-being in individuals with first episode psychosis (FEP)...
November 29, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913000/surgical-prehabilitation-in-patients-with-cancer-state-of-the-science-and-recommendations-for-future-research-from-a-panel-of-subject-matter-experts
#16
REVIEW
Francesco Carli, Julie K Silver, Liane S Feldman, Andrea McKee, Sean Gilman, Chelsia Gillis, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl, Ann Gamsa, Nicole Stout, Bradford Hirsch
This review by a 10-member panel of experts in surgical prehabilitation addresses processes that may improve oncologic care. Surgical prehabilitation is the process on the continuum of care that occurs between the time of cancer diagnosis and the beginning of surgical treatment. The panel focused on the current state-of-the-science and recommended future research that would help to identify the elements that enhance preoperative physical, nutritional, and psychological health in anticipation of surgery, mitigate the burden of disease, facilitate the return of patient health status to baseline values, decrease postoperative morbidity, and reduce health care costs...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912936/effects-of-mind-body-exercises-on-the-physiological-and-psychosocial-well-being-of-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
JoJo Yan Yan Kwok, Kai Chow Choi, Helen Yue Lai Chan
OBJECTIVES: The effects of mind-body exercises on individuals with chronic illnesses have attracted increasing attention. However, little effort had been made to systematically review the effects of these mind-body exercises on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). This review aimed to appraise the current evidence of the effects of mind-body exercises on the physiological and psychological outcomes for the PD population. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912920/the-relationship-between-therapist-rated-function-and-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#18
Yvonne Braun, Jos J Mellema, Rinne M Peters, Suzanne Curley, Gae Burchill, David Ring
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. INTRODUCTION: Some third-party payers require hand therapists to rate patient's functional disability based on patient self-rating using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), objective measurements of impairment, and observation of functional tasks-hand therapist-rated function (HTRF). PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To test the correlation between HTRF and PROMs (upper limb functional index [ULFI] and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System upper extremity [PROMIS UE]) and its association with psychological factors...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912889/hormone-replacement-therapy-in-young-women-with-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-and-early-menopause
#19
REVIEW
Shannon D Sullivan, Philip M Sarrel, Lawrence M Nelson
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a rare but important cause of ovarian hormone deficiency and infertility in women. In addition to causing infertility, POI is associated with multiple health risks, including bothersome menopausal symptoms, decreased bone density and increased risk of fractures, early progression of cardiovascular disease, psychologic impact that may include depression, anxiety, and decreased perceived psychosocial support, potential early decline in cognition, and dry eye syndrome. Appropriate hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to replace premenopausal levels of ovarian sex steroids is paramount to increasing quality of life for women with POI and ameliorating associated health risks...
December 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912871/short-term-open-label-chamomile-matricaria-chamomilla-l-therapy-of-moderate-to-severe-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#20
John R Keefe, Jun J Mao, Irene Soeller, Qing S Li, Jay D Amsterdam
BACKGROUND: Conventional drug treatments for Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) are often accompanied by substantial side effects, dependence, and/or withdrawal syndrome. A prior controlled study of oral chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) extract showed significant efficacy versus placebo, and suggested that chamomile may have anxiolytic activity for individuals with GAD. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that treatment with chamomile extract would result in a significant reduction in GAD severity ratings, and would be associated with a favorable adverse event and tolerability profile...
December 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
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