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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098955/the-impact-of-childhood-cancer-perceptions-of-adult-survivors
#1
Victoria W Willard, James L Klosky, Chenghong Li, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Tara M Brinkman, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Sean Phipps
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to describe perceptions and associated risk factors of the impact of cancer on functional outcomes, including social relationships, exercise, finances, and religion, among adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Evaluable participants included 3001 adult survivors (mean age, 32.5 years; range, 18.3-63.8 years; 24.1 years from diagnosis; 50.8% male; 84.9% Caucasian) who were enrolled in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort study...
January 18, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098853/does-human-resource-primacy-moderate-the-impact-of-psychological-distress-on-subsequent-risk-for-disability-retirement
#2
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Stein Knardahl
Objective Human resource primacy (HRP) refers to employees' perceptions of how the organization shows interests in its employees' welfare, happiness, and health. The aims of this study were to determine whether (i) perceptions of HRP are related to the risk for disability retirement and (ii) HRP moderates the impact of psychological distress on later risk for disability retirement. Methods The study relied on a combination of self-report survey questionnaire data on HRP and psychological distress supplemented with official register data on disability benefits from the Norwegian Labor and Welfare Administration...
January 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098523/effects-of-psychological-distance-and-need-for-cognitive-closure-on-impression-formation
#3
Ivan Tomić, Mirjana Tonković, Dragutin Ivanec
Based on theoretical and empirical similarities between Construal level theory of psychological distance and the Need for cognitive closure (NFC) theory, it could be hypothesized that psychological distance and NFC represent constructs that overlap to some degree. Since both theories describe judgmental behavior in terms of schematic processing, we hypothesized that primacy effect, a schema-driven phenomenon, is strengthened under the heightened NFC and psychological distance. We tested this hypothesis in an impression formation experiment while manipulating psychological distance and measuring NFC...
January 2017: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098227/adolescents-display-distinctive-tolerance-to-ambiguity-and-to-uncertainty-during-risky-decision-making
#4
Wouter van den Bos, Ralph Hertwig
Although actuarial data indicate that risk-taking behavior peaks in adolescence, laboratory evidence for this developmental spike remains scarce. One possible explanation for this incongruity is that in the real world adolescents often have only vague information about the potential consequences of their behavior and the likelihoods of those consequences, whereas in the lab these are often clearly stated. How do adolescents behave under such more realistic conditions of ambiguity and uncertainty? We asked 105 participants aged from 8 to 22 years to make three types of choices: (1) choices between options whose possible outcomes and probabilities were fully described (choices under risk); (2) choices between options whose possible outcomes were described but whose probability information was incomplete (choices under ambiguity), and (3) choices between unknown options whose possible outcomes and probabilities could be explored (choices under uncertainty)...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098176/comorbid-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-its-association-with-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#5
Yongjie Zhou, Zhongqiang Cao, Mei Yang, Xiaoyan Xi, Yiyang Guo, Maosheng Fang, Lijuan Cheng, Yukai Du
The comorbidity of major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is common and often predicts poorer outcomes than either disorder alone. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of comorbid GAD and its association with quality of life (QOL) among MDD patients. A total of 1225 psychiatric outpatients were screened using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Those who scored ≥8 on the HADS were interviewed using DSM-IV criteria by two senior psychiatrists. Patients diagnosed with MDD were further assessed using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire, Social Support Rating Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and World Health Organization QOL Scale, brief version (WHOQOL-BREF)...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098051/chronic-fatigue-syndrome-cognitive-behavioural-and-emotional-processing-vulnerability-factors
#6
Samantha K Brooks, Trudie Chalder, Katharine A Rimes
BACKGROUND: Cognitive-behavioural models of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) suggest that personality factors such as perfectionism and high moral standards may contribute to the development of CFS. AIMS: To investigate cognitive, behavioural and emotional processing risk factors for CFS. METHOD: CFS patients (n = 67) at a UK specialist clinic completed questionnaires about psychological characteristics both currently and retrospectively (6 months pre-CFS onset)...
January 18, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098043/-the-effects-of-smoking-on-health-growth-of-knowledge-reveals-even-grimmer-picture
#7
J P Mackenbach, R A M Damhuis, J V Been
- In this article we give a short overview of new insights into the effects of smoking on health, both on smokers themselves and on those who are exposed to other people's tobacco smoke.- The number of diseases and conditions that are known to be caused by active smoking has now risen to over thirty.- The risk of premature death is not, as previously thought, twice as high in smokers as in non-smokers, but actually three times as high.- Passive smoking too has been shown to have a whole range of negative effects on health...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097876/the-relationship-of-perfectionism-with-psychological-symptoms-in-cancer-patients-and-the-contributing-role-of-hyperarousability-and-coping
#8
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Josée Savard, Lisa-Maria Slim, Renée-Claude Roy, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt, Hans Ivers
OBJECTIVE: Significant levels of anxiety, depression and insomnia symptoms are found in cancer patients. Perfectionism, arousability and coping have been associated with these psychological symptoms in the general population but their role among cancer patients remains to be assessed. This study examined the longitudinal relationships between perfectionism and psychological symptoms (anxiety, depression, insomnia), and the intermediate role of the arousability trait and coping strategies...
January 18, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097635/treatment-of-functional-impairment-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Jose Sanchez-Moreno, Anabel Martinez-Aran, Eduard Vieta
Traditionally, functional impairment has received little attention in bipolar disorder, despite the fact that many patients experience significant impairments in daily life. In the last decade, research has changed its focus from clinical remission to functional recovery in bipolar patients as a priority. A literature review of this topic will allow us provide an overview of the relevance of functional impairment as well as the potential factors that can predict or contribute to low functioning in bipolar disorder (BD)...
January 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097606/colorado-medical-students-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-marijuana
#10
Michael H Chan, Christopher E Knoepke, Madeline L Cole, James McKinnon, Daniel D Matlock
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, state and local governments across the U.S. have been increasingly reforming marijuana laws. Despite growing support for marijuana as a medical treatment, little is known about medical students' perceptions of marijuana use. OBJECTIVE: To assess Colorado medical students' personal and professional opinions on current and future marijuana use in a healthcare setting. DESIGN: A voluntary, anonymous, online cross-sectional survey...
January 17, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097515/distress-is-interdependent-in-patients-and-caregivers-with-newly-diagnosed-incurable-cancers
#11
Jamie M Jacobs, Kelly M Shaffer, Ryan D Nipp, Joel N Fishbein, James MacDonald, Areej El-Jawahri, William F Pirl, Vicki A Jackson, Elyse R Park, Jennifer S Temel, Joseph A Greer
BACKGROUND: Individuals with advanced, incurable cancer often experience high physical and psychological symptom burden. Family and friend caregivers are at risk for emotional distress. PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to investigate the interrelationship of distress in patient-caregiver dyads at the time of newly diagnosed incurable cancer. METHODS: From May 2011 to July 2015, within 8 weeks of diagnosis of advanced lung or noncolorectal gastrointestinal cancer, 350 patients and 275 family caregivers were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of early palliative care...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097493/service-users-perceptions-of-an-outreach-wellbeing-service-a-social-enterprise-for-promoting-mental-health
#12
Sandra Elaine Hartley
Inadequate provision and limited access to mental healthcare has been highlighted with the need to offer more contemporary ways to provide clinically effective interventions. This study aimed to present an insight into service users' perceptions of an outreach Wellbeing Service (WBS), providing psychological therapy in social settings. Descriptive and thematic analysis was undertaken of 50 returned surveys. Comparison of initial and final mental health measures demonstrated a significant improvement in all outcomes with 96% of participants reporting being helped by attending...
January 17, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097179/the-comparison-of-two-types-of-relaxation-techniques-on-postoperative-state-anxiety-in-candidates-for-the-mastectomy-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Zohreh Parsa Yekta, Fatemeh Sadeghian, Taraneh Taghavi Larijani, Abbas Mehran
BACKGROUND: Anxiety among patients after surgery can affect their physiological and psychological well-being. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of Benson's relaxation and rhythmic breathing techniques on postoperative anxiety in candidates for the mastectomy surgery. METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial study was conducted with ninety patients in 2013. The patients were hospitalized for the mastectomy surgery in three surgical wards in a teaching hospital, Tehran, Iran...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097174/uncertainty-the-overbearing-lived-experience-of-the-elderly-people-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-qualitative-study
#14
Robab Sahaf, Ehteram Sadat Ilali, Hamid Peyrovi, Ahmad Ali Akbari Kamrani, Fatemeh Spahbodi
BACKGROUND: The chronic kidney disease is a major health concern. The number of the elderly people with chronic renal failure has increased across the world. Dialysis is an appropriate therapy for the elderly, but it involves certain challenges. The present paper reports uncertainty as part of the elderly experiences of living with hemodialysis. METHODS: This qualitative study applied Max van Manen interpretative phenomenological analysis to explain and explore experiences of the elderly with hemodialysis...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097069/italian-and-swedish-adolescents-differences-and-associations-in-subjective-well-being-and-psychological-well-being
#15
Danilo Garcia, Elisabetta Sagone, Maria Elvira De Caroli, Ali Al Nima
BACKGROUND: One important aspect of subjective judgments about one's well-being (i.e., subjective well-being: life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) is that cultural features, such as, nationality seem to shape cognitive judgments about the "the ideal life." In this comparative study we examined differences in subjective well-being and psychological well-being between Italian and Swedish adolescents and tested if the relationship between the three constructs of subjective well-being (i...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096911/depression-and-catastrophizing-predict-suicidal-ideation-in-tertiary-care-patients-with-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#16
Dean A Tripp, J Curtis Nickel, Adrijana Krsmanovic, Michel Pontari, Robert Moldwin, Robert Mayer, Lesley K Carr, Claire C Yang, Jorgen Nordling
INTRODUCTION: We sought to evaluate psychosocial factors as predictors of suicidal ideation (SI) in a tertiary care outpatient sample of women suffering from interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS). METHODS: The patients are women managed at tertiary care centres (n=190). Controls were recruited from the community (n=117). Both groups completed questionnaires on demographics, pain (McGill Pain Questionnaire), IC/BPS symptoms, and psychological variables...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096691/pain-acceptance-potentially-mediates-the-relationship-between-pain-catastrophizing-and-post-surgery-outcomes-among-compensated-lumbar-fusion-patients
#17
Cassie Dance, M Scott DeBerard, Jessica Gundy Cuneo
PURPOSE: Chronic low back pain is highly prevalent and often treatment recalcitrant condition, particularly among workers' compensation patients. There is a need to identify psychological factors that may predispose such patients to pain chronicity. The primary aim of this study was to examine whether pain acceptance potentially mediated the relationship between pain catastrophizing and post-surgical outcomes in a sample of compensated lumbar fusion patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients insured with the Workers Compensation Fund of Utah and who were at least 2 years post-lumbar fusion surgery completed an outcome survey...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096637/prevalence-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-among-indian-fertile-females
#18
Vineet V Mishra, Sakshi Nanda, Bhumika Vyas, Rohina Aggarwal, Sumesh Choudhary, Suwa Ram Saini
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is described as difficulty experienced by a female during any stage of a normal sexual activity including physical pleasure, desire, arousal, or orgasm. There are various factors responsible for FSD including psychological status of a person, gynecological or medical problems, long use of certain drugs, and social beliefs. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and various factors associated with FSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design - This study design was a cross-sectional observational study conducted at Tertiary Care Centre, in Ahmedabad from June 2015 to March 2016...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096574/awareness-during-general-anesthesia-an-indian-viewpoint
#19
Reshma P Ambulkar, Vandana Agarwal, Priya Ranganathan, Jigeeshu V Divatia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The incidence of intra-operative awareness with explicit recall in the Western world has been reported to be between 0.1% and 0.2% in the general surgical population and up to 1-2% of patients at high risk for this complication. Awareness in the Indian population has never been studied; we therefore wanted to detect the incidence of awareness in patients who were at high risk of experiencing awareness during surgery in our population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective single-center observational study at a 600-bedded tertiary cancer care referral hospital...
October 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#20
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
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