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Daisuke Nishi, Ryoko Susukida, Kentaro Usuda, Ramin Mojtabai, Yoshio Yamanouchi
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding trends of psychological distress and use of mental health services in Japan during recent years. METHODS: This study examined trends in severe and moderate psychological distress and the use of mental health services among adults (≥18 years old), using the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions in Japan from 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016 (Total N = 2,159,005, all survey years combined). We defined a score of ≥13 on Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6) as severe distress and a K6 score between 5 and 12 as moderate distress...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Aya Isumi, Takeo Fujiwara, Nobutoshi Nawa, Manami Ochi, Tsuguhiko Kato
Child poverty is well known as a major risk factor for child maltreatment. However, it is not known whether parental psychological distress and individual-level social capital mediate the association. We examined the mediation effect of these two factors on the association between child poverty and maltreatment. In the Adachi Child Health Impact of Living Difficulty (A-CHILD) Study, a questionnaire was administered to all caregivers of first-grade children in every public elementary school in Adachi City between July and November 2015, and valid responses were used for analysis (N = 3944)...
July 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Li Lu, Dan-Dan Xu, Huan-Zhong Liu, Ling Zhang, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Feng-Rong An, Yu-Tao Xiang
Internet addiction (IA) is common amongst young people, but no data on IA are available in Tibetan middle school students in China. This study compared the prevalence of IA between Tibetan and Han Chinese middle school students, and examined its association with quality of life. The study was conducted in two middle schools in the Tibetan area of Qinghai province and two Han Chinese middle schools in Anhui province, China. Internet addiction, depressive symptoms and quality of life were measured using standardized instruments...
July 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Annegret Schneider, Jackie Andrade, Karin Tanja-Dijkstra, David R Moles
Dental anxiety is a prevalent problem with marked psychological, physical and public health implications. Based on cognitive theory and evidence, we hypothesized that vivid, sensory image-based cognitions play a role in dental anxiety. A quantitative online survey (N = 306) and qualitative semi-structured interviews (N = 18) found that vivid sensory images were common irrespective of dental anxiety levels, but that their content, associated distress and responses varied. Participants reporting higher anxiety experienced intense and intrusive fear-provoking dental imagery focusing on unpleasant sensations, which were associated with the intrusive recollection of negative past experiences and avoidance of dentistry...
June 30, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Hari Setyowibowo, Fredrick Dermawan Purba, Joke A M Hunfeld, Aulia Iskandarsyah, Sawitri S Sadarjoen, Jan Passchier, Marit Sijbrandij
OBJECTIVES: Breast cancer (BC) is prevalent in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) where the majority of cases are diagnosed in late stages. The aims of this study were: (1) to assess quality of life (QOL) and health status of Indonesian women with BC symptoms before definitive diagnosis; (2) to compare QOL and health status between women with BC symptoms before definitive diagnosis and Indonesian women in general; (3) to evaluate the association between demographic variables (age, residence, social economic status and education level) and QOL within the Indonesian women with BC symptoms before definitive diagnosis...
2018: PloS One
Kathrine Meyers, Yumeng Wu, Atrina Brill, Theodorus Sandfort, Sarit A Golub
BACKGROUND: Phase III trials of long-acting injectable (LAI) PrEP, currently underway, have great potential for expanding the menu of HIV prevention options. Imagining a future in which multiple PrEP modalities are available to potential users of biomedical HIV prevention, we investigated which factors might help direct a patient-physician shared-decision making process to optimize the choice of biomedical HIV prevention method. METHODS: Participants (n = 105; ages 19-63; 46...
2018: PloS One
Tinashe Dune, Peter Caputi, Beverly Walker
A systematic review of research published in English was conducted across seven electronic databases in psychology, health and social sciences. The aim was to ascertain the nature of mental health care workers' constructions about culturally and linguistically diverse individuals in order to facilitate provision of culturally appropriate service delivery and multicultural training. The constructs and perspectives of 5,870 mental health workers with regards to minority populations are represented across the 38 studies included...
2018: PloS One
Lisa Giardinelli, Lorenzo Lelli, Valentina Ugolini, Lisa Lazzeretti, Iuliia Burian, Giuliana Lino, Clara Lunardi, Giovanni Castellini, Valdo Ricca
Background In this pilot study, the effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and psychological intervention on fetal growth characteristics and neonatal outcomes were evaluated in two different groups of women affected by prenatal depression. Methods Forty-seven pregnant women diagnosed with major depression were divided into two different treatment groups according to the severity of their depression. The first group was treated with a combination of pharmacotherapy and psychological support...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Zahi Arnon, Asnat Dor, Hadar Bazak, Samuel Attias, Shlomi Sagi, Shoshana Balachsan, Elad Schiff
Background Despite pharmacological interventions, labor pain and anxiety still remain a challenge, and can carry long-term psychological complications. The goal of this study was to assess the effect of reflexology on these symptoms and to explore the physical and psychological components of women's experience associated with this treatment. Methods This qualitative study was conducted in an Israeli university hospital that offers integrative medicine services. Reflexology was offered to laboring women in the hospital, by the medical staff...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Mathew P Varghese, Ragavendrasamy Balakrishnan, Subramanya Pailoor
Background Type 2 diabetes mellitus [T2DM] is one of the leading causes for mortality. This study examined the role of an self-awareness based guided meditation practice, Cyclic Meditation [CM] on perceived stress, anxiety, depression, sleep and quality of life in T2DM patients. Design A single arm pre-post design was used for the study. Setting The study was conducted in an auditorium for general public diagnosed with T2DM in Ernakulam, Kerala, India. Subjects Subjects were 30 T2DM patients, both male and female of age 50...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
(no author information available yet)
Original article: Castles, A., Rastle, K., & Nation, K. (2018). Ending the reading wars: Reading acquisition from novice to expert. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 19, 5-51. doi: 10.1177/1529100618772271 On page 23, in the left column, at the beginning of the first full paragraph, four sentences were inadvertently omitted during the editing process. Those sentences are as follows: This characterization changes substantially in cases of words with more than one morpheme. Morphemes are the minimum meaning-bearing units in English (e...
July 1, 2018: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
Sally J Immerfall, Marizen R Ramirez
School-age children experience trauma at alarming rates. Children's ability to attend, concentrate, and participate in the educational process can be adversely impacted by trauma. How can school staff, especially school nurses, best listen, support, and encourage a student with trauma in their lives? Link for Schools is an evidence-informed intervention program that provides information and training for school staff. Link provides tools for listening or responding to a traumatized student with a focus on the principles of trauma-informed care, psychological first aid, and elements of motivational interviewing...
July 1, 2018: NASN School Nurse
Konrad Oppelt, Doreen Hähnlein, Jürgen Boschert, Maike Küffer, Paul Alfred Grützner, Matthias Münzberg, Michael Kreinest
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the neurologic, psychological and vegetative outcome, the health status and changes of the personal and occupational status of patients after traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). Correlations between outcome parameters and basic demographic factors and initial clinical status parameters of the patients were assessed. RESEARCH DESIGN: Monocentric, retrospective follow-up analysis. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We evaluated the neurologic, psychological and vegetative outcome and health status of patients, who survived TBI with a mean follow-up time of 54 months...
July 19, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Dominika Berent, Michał Podgórski, Andrzej Kokoszka
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are known to be associated with a lasting effect on physical and psychological well-being in adulthood. Patients with alcohol dependence (AD) are a particular clinical subgroup who report a higher number of ACE categories than the general population and who develop several health-harming behaviors and poor social skills. OBJECTIVES: To our knowledge, this is the first study on patients with AD that aimed to assess whether ACEs correlate with health habits and general self-efficacy in adulthood...
July 19, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Helena J Teede, Marie L Misso, Michael F Costello, Anuja Dokras, Joop Laven, Lisa Moran, Terhi Piltonen, Robert J Norman
STUDY QUESTION: What is the recommended assessment and management of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), based on the best available evidence, clinical expertise, and consumer preference? SUMMARY ANSWER: International evidence-based guidelines including 166 recommendations and practice points, addressed prioritized questions to promote consistent, evidence-based care and improve the experience and health outcomes of women with PCOS. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Previous guidelines either lacked rigorous evidence-based processes, did not engage consumer and international multidisciplinary perspectives, or were outdated...
July 19, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
Steven H Jones, Dawn Knowles, Elizabeth Tyler, Fiona Holland, Sarah Peters, Fiona Lobban, Brian Langshaw, Claire Hilton, Rita Long, Kay Gantt, Rebecca Owen, Chris Roberts, Lisa Riste
BACKGROUND: Comorbid anxiety is common in bipolar disorder (BD) and associated with worse clinical outcomes including increased suicidality. Despite effective psychological treatments for anxiety, research into treating anxiety in BD is underdeveloped. This paper describes a novel psychological intervention to address anxiety in context of bipolar disorder (AIBD). METHODS: Adults with BD and clinically significant anxiety symptoms were randomized to AIBD plus treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone...
July 19, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
G Lorimer Moseley, John Baranoff, Ebonie Rio, Mike Stewart, Wayne Derman, Brian Hainline
Persistent pain is common in elite athletes. The current review arose from a consensus initiative by the International Olympic Committee to advance the development of a standardized, scientific, and evidence-informed approach to management. We suggest that optimal management of persistent pain in elite athletes requires an understanding of contemporary pain science, including the rationale behind and implementation of a biopsychosocial approach to care. We argue that athletes and clinicians need to understand the biopsychosocial model because it applies to both pain and the impact of pain with special reference to the sport setting...
July 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Paul N Uhlig, Joy Doll, Kristy Brandon, Christopher Goodman, Josephine Medado-Ramirez, Michael A Barnes, Mary A Dolansky, Temple A Ratcliffe, Kanapa Kornsawad, W Ellen Raboin, Maggie Hitzeman, Jeffrey Brown, Les Hall
This Invited Commentary is written by co-authors working to implement and study new models of interprofessional practice and education in clinical learning environments. There are many definitions and models of collaborative care, but the essential element is a spirit of collaboration and shared learning among health professionals, patients, and family members. This work is challenging, yet the benefits are striking. Patients and family members feel seen, heard, and understood. Health care professionals are able to contribute and feel appreciated in satisfying ways...
July 17, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Megan E Collins, Steven Rum, Jane Wheeler, Karen Antman, Henry Brem, Joseph Carrese, Michelle Glennon, Jeffrey Kahn, E Magnus Ohman, Reshma Jagsi, Sara Konrath, Stacey Tovino, Scott Wright, Jeremy Sugarman
Grateful patients provide substantial philanthropic funding for health care institutions, resulting in important societal benefits. Although grateful patient fundraising (GPFR) is widespread, it raises an array of ethical issues for patients, physicians, development professionals, and institutions. These issues have not been described comprehensively, and there is insufficient guidance to inform the ethical practice of GPFR. Consequently, the authors convened a summit, The Ethics of Grateful Patient Fundraising, with the goal of identifying primary ethical issues in GPFR and offering recommendations regarding how to manage them...
July 17, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Tansel Mutlu, Uygar Daşar, Ali Bicimoglu
BACKGROUND: In traditional societies, patients who reach adulthood with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) may be labeled "disabled" and may be considered "defective," causing them psychologic pain and problems with social interactions. In some patriarchal societies, women disproportionately experience these problems, because they may be seen as insufficient in terms of marriage and sexual intercourse owing to hip-related limitations, and they may be married through arranged marriages to people who also have disabilities...
July 13, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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