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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326792/-i-was-just-so-different-the-experiences-of-women-diagnosed-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-adulthood-in-relation-to-gender-and-social-relationships
#1
Lucie Kanfiszer, Fran Davies, Suzanne Collins
Existing literature exploring autism spectrum disorders within female populations predominantly utilises quantitative methodology. A limited number of small-scale, qualitative studies have explored the experiences of adolescent girls with autism spectrum disorder, but adult women have remained largely unheard. This study aims to broaden the stories told within autobiographical literature and empower those within the wider community of women with autism spectrum disorder. In doing so, it seeks to extend existing conceptualisations of experience to include socially and culturally located factors...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319204/responses-to-others-pain-in-adults-with-autistic-traits-the-influence-of-gender-and-stimuli-modality
#2
Jing Meng, Zuoshan Li, Lin Shen
Individuals with autism-spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit impairments in response to others' pain. Evidence suggests that features of autism are not restricted to individuals with ASD, and that autistic traits vary throughout the general population. To investigate the association between autistic traits and the responses to others' pain in typically developing adults, we employed the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) to quantify autistic traits in a group of 1670 healthy adults and explored whether 60 participants (30 males and 30 females) with 10% highest AQ scores (High-AQ) would exhibit difficulties in the responses to others' pain relative to 60 participants (30 males and 30 females) with 10% lowest AQ scores (Low-AQ)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289794/-trans-healthcare-between-depsychopathologization-and-a%C3%A2-needs-based-treatment-of-accompanying-mental-disorders
#3
T O Nieder, A Güldenring, A Köhler, P Briken
BACKGROUND: Historically, the function of psychiatry and psychotherapy in the healthcare treatment of transsexualism has been impaired by the basic assumption that non-conforming gender experiences and behavior are automatically considered as expressions of psychopathology. OBJECTIVE: In line with revision of the diagnostic criteria and changing standards of care and treatment recommendations, the therapeutic relationship between mental healthcare professionals and transgender individuals is critically discussed aiming at providing a needs-based psychiatric and psychotherapeutic treatment and a patient-centered approach for trans persons...
March 13, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269805/experiences-of-employed-women-with-attention-deficit-hyperactive-disorder-a-phenomenological-study
#4
N Schreuer, R Dorot
BACKGROUND: Employees with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) face various risks in the workplace. Little is known of the specific challenges women with ADHD experience. OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of working women with ADHD and learn the strategies and accommodations that facilitate their maintaining employment. METHOD: Qualitative phenomenological approach was used to echo women's subjective perceptions and experiences representing their daily interactions in their workplace...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228528/clinical-genetic-and-structural-basis-of-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-due-to-11%C3%AE-hydroxylase-deficiency
#5
Ahmed Khattab, Shozeb Haider, Ameet Kumar, Samarth Dhawan, Dauood Alam, Raquel Romero, James Burns, Di Li, Jessica Estatico, Simran Rahi, Saleel Fatima, Ali Alzahrani, Mona Hafez, Noha Musa, Maryam Razzghy Azar, Najoua Khaloul, Moez Gribaa, Ali Saad, Ilhem Ben Charfeddine, Berenice Bilharinho de Mendonça, Alicia Belgorosky, Katja Dumic, Miroslav Dumic, Javier Aisenberg, Nurgun Kandemir, Ayfer Alikasifoglu, Alev Ozon, Nazli Gonc, Tina Cheng, Ursula Kuhnle-Krahl, Marco Cappa, Paul-Martin Holterhus, Munier A Nour, Daniele Pacaud, Assaf Holtzman, Sun Li, Mone Zaidi, Tony Yuen, Maria I New
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), resulting from mutations in CYP11B1, a gene encoding 11β-hydroxylase, represents a rare autosomal recessive Mendelian disorder of aberrant sex steroid production. Unlike CAH caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency, the disease is far more common in the Middle East and North Africa, where consanguinity is common often resulting in identical mutations. Clinically, affected female newborns are profoundly virilized (Prader score of 4/5), and both genders display significantly advanced bone ages and are oftentimes hypertensive...
March 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224311/prevalence-incidence-and-sex-ratio-of-transsexualism-in-the-autonomous-region-of-madrid-spain-according-to-healthcare-demand
#6
Antonio Becerra-Fernández, José Miguel Rodríguez-Molina, Nuria Asenjo-Araque, María Jesús Lucio-Pérez, Miguel Cuchí-Alfaro, Eduardo García-Camba, Gilberto Pérez-López, Miriam Menacho-Román, María Carmen Berrocal-Sertucha, Domingo Ly-Pen, María Victorina Aguilar-Vilas
In recent years, different studies have provided estimates of the prevalence of transsexualism with very diverse results. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the prevalence, incidence, and sex ratio of transsexualism in the autonomous region of Madrid (Spain). A total of 1234 patients who attended from 2007 to the end of 2015 in the only Gender Identity Unit (GIU) in Madrid were analyzed. Sixty-three patients were excluded for various reasons; thus, 1171 could be included: 803 male-to-female (MtF) and 368 female-to-male (FtM) transsexual patients...
February 21, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210932/personality-and-attachment-in-transsexual-adults
#7
Vittorio Lingiardi, Guido Giovanardi, Alexandro Fortunato, Valentina Nassisi, Anna Maria Speranza
The main aim of this study was to investigate the associations between personality features and attachment patterns in transsexual adults. We explored mental representations of attachment, assessed personality traits, and possible personality disorders. Forty-four individuals diagnosed with gender identity disorder (now gender dysphoria), 28 male-to-female and 16 female-to-male, were evaluated using the Shedler-Westen assessment procedure-200 (SWAP-200) to assess personality traits and disorders; the adult attachment interview was used to evaluate their attachment state-of-mind...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198637/video-gaming-and-gaming-addiction-in-transgender-people-an-exploratory-study
#8
Jon Arcelus, Walter Pierre Bouman, Bethany Alice Jones, Christina Richards, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Mark D Griffiths
Background There is anecdotal clinical evidence that transgender people use the online world - such as forums and online video gaming - for the purpose of experiencing their gender identity in a safe, non-threatening, non-alienating, non-stigmatizing, and non-critical environment. Aims To describe gaming behavior, degree of problematic gaming behavior and associated factors with problematic gaming in a comparatively large group of transgender people accessing transgender health services. Methods Every individual referred to a national transgender health service in the United Kingdom during a 12-month period was invited to complete a series of questionnaires to measure gaming behavior, interpersonal functioning, severity of autistic features, and anxiety and depressive symptoms...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197001/perceived-stigma-of-mental-illness-a-comparison-between-two-metropolitan-cities-in-india
#9
Aron Zieger, Aditya Mungee, Georg Schomerus, Thi Minh Tam Ta, Michael Dettling, Matthias C Angermeyer, Eric Hahn
PURPOSE: An increasing number of comparative studies are conducted on the stigmatization of persons with mental illness, in particular with regard to regional and diachronic variation. So far, there have been no studies comparing stigmatization of persons with mental illness in two different regions of India. Therefore, we examined the differences in perception of stigma attached to mental illnesses in Kolkata and Chennai, with regard to cultural and geographical differences to better understand the roots and origins of this issue...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194347/is-rectosigmoid-vaginoplasty-still-useful
#10
Seok-Kwun Kim, Ji-Woen Park, Kwang-Ryeol Lim, Keun-Cheol Lee
BACKGROUND: The ideal vaginoplasty must be successful functionally as well as have a natural appearance, and also must retain its functionality and appearance over the long term. Conventional vaginoplasty techniques have functional limitations and are associated with recurrent complications, but rectosigmoid vaginoplasty is known to have a high satisfaction rate due to its functional similarity with the vagina. We conducted the present study to assess the usability of rectosigmoid vaginoplasty over the course of long-term follow-up...
January 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135154/troubling-gender-or-engendering-trouble-the-problem-with-gender-dysphoria-in-psychoanalysis
#11
Ayelet R Barkai
This paper reviews existing case reports in the psychoanalytic literature of children diagnosed with gender identity disorder (GID), now called gender dysphoria. It concentrates on a review of problems and psychoanalytic dilemmas inherent in the use of the term GID and elucidates the concurrent quandaries this term both signifies and is symptomatic of. The focus is on reports of child psychoanalyses published during or after 1991, when the American Psychoanalytic Association formally adopted a nondiscrimination policy against homosexuality...
February 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081569/gender-incongruence-of-childhood-clinical-utility-and-stakeholder-agreement-with-the-world-health-organization-s-proposed-icd-11-criteria
#12
Titia F Beek, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Walter P Bouman, Annelou L C de Vries, Thomas D Steensma, Gemma L Witcomb, Jon Arcelus, Christina Richards, Griet De Cuypere, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
The World Health Organization (WHO) is revising the tenth version of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10). This includes a reconceptualization of the definition and positioning of Gender Incongruence of Childhood (GIC). This study aimed to: 1) collect the views of transgender individuals and professionals regarding the retention of the diagnosis; 2) see if the proposed GIC criteria were acceptable to transgender individuals and health care providers; 3) compare results between two countries with two different healthcare systems to see if these differences influence opinions regarding the GIC diagnosis; and 4) determine whether healthcare providers from high-income countries feel that the proposed criteria are clinically useful and easy to use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056050/a-latent-class-analysis-of-multimorbidity-and-the-relationship-to-socio-demographic-factors-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-national-population-based-study-of-162-283-danish-adults
#13
Finn Breinholt Larsen, Marie Hauge Pedersen, Karina Friis, Charlotte Glümer, Mathias Lasgaard
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of multimorbidity in the general population and examine how these patterns are related to socio-demographic factors and health-related quality of life. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We used latent class analysis to identify subgroups with statistically distinct and clinically meaningful disease patterns in a nationally representative sample of Danish adults (N = 162,283) aged 16+ years. The analysis was based on 15 chronic diseases. RESULTS: Seven classes with different disease patterns were identified: a class with no or only a single chronic condition (59% of the population) labeled "1) Relatively Healthy" and six classes with a very high prevalence of multimorbidity labeled; "2) Hypertension" (14%); "3) Musculoskeletal Disorders" (10%); "4) Headache-Mental Disorders" (7%); "5) Asthma-Allergy" (6%); "6) Complex Cardiometabolic Disorders" (3%); and "7) Complex Respiratory Disorders" (2%)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029539/disordered-weight-management-behaviors-nonprescription-steroid-use-and-weight-perception-in-transgender-youth
#14
Carly E Guss, David N Williams, Sari L Reisner, S Bryn Austin, Sabra L Katz-Wise
PURPOSE: Disordered weight management behaviors are prevalent among youth; recent case reports suggested that these behaviors might also be common in transgender youth. We studied associations of gender identity with disordered weight management behaviors, nonprescription steroid use, and weight perception among transgender and cisgender (nontransgender) high-school students in Massachusetts. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2013 Massachusetts Youth Health Survey, an anonymous survey in a random sample of Massachusetts public high schools...
January 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025228/sex-reassignment-surgery-and-enhancement
#15
Tomislav Bracanović
Sex reassignment surgery is a therapy for gender dysphoria (gender identity disorder) standardly provided only upon a psychiatric authorization. Transgender scholars criticize this practice as unjustified medicalization and stigmatization of transsexual people. By demanding that sex reassignment surgery is not classified as therapy, they imply it should be classified as some kind of a biomedical enhancement. It is argued in this article that this reclassification is empirically and morally implausible because sex reassignment surgery is incompatible with two major views of enhancement...
February 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922239/predictors-of-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-a-psychiatric-referral
#16
Devrim Akdemir, Tuna Çak, Cihan Aslan, Büşra Sultan Aydos, Kevser Nalbant, Füsun Çuhadaroğlu-Çetin
In the literature self-esteem is found to be lower in clinically referred adolescents compared to adolescents without any psychiatric disorder. The aim of this study is to examine self-esteem and associated socio-demographical and psychological factors in clinically referred adolescents in Turkey. Three hundred forty-nine adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years admitted to the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry with a psychiatric complaint were enrolled. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Parenting Style Scale (PSS) and Sense of Identity Assessment Form (SIAF) were used for the evaluation...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883948/prevalence-sociodemographic-correlates-and-dsm-5-substance-use-disorders-and-other-psychiatric-disorders-among-sexual-minorities-in-the-united-states
#17
Bradley T Kerridge, Roger P Pickering, Tulshi D Saha, W June Ruan, S Patricia Chou, Haitao Zhang, Jeesun Jung, Deborah S Hasin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to present current nationally representative data on the prevalences, sociodemographic correlates and risk of DSM-5 substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders among sexual minorities (SMs) relative to heterosexuals, and among SMs by gender. METHODS: Data were derived from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. RESULTS: In the general noninstitutionalized population, 1...
January 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872002/gender-dysphoria-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Derek Glidden, Walter Pierre Bouman, Bethany A Jones, Jon Arcelus
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing clinical recognition that a significant proportion of patients with gender dysphoria have concurrent autism spectrum disorder (ASD). AIM: The purpose of this review is to systematically appraise the current literature regarding the co-occurrence of gender dysphoria and ASD. METHODS: A systematic literature search using Medline and PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase was conducted from 1966 to July 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Fifty-eight articles were generated from the search...
January 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868261/mental-health-of-transgender-veterans-of-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-conflicts-who-experienced-military-sexual-trauma
#19
Jan A Lindsay, Colt Keo-Meier, Sonora Hudson, Annette Walder, Lindsey A Martin, Michael R Kauth
Little is known about military sexual trauma (MST) in transgender veterans. To address this gap, we examined archival data regarding transgender veterans from the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. There were 332 transgender veterans treated at the Veterans Health Administration between 2000 and 2013 (78 men, 254 women; mean age 33.86 years), with most being non-Hispanic White. Transgender status and mental health conditions were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, 9(th) Revision (ICD-9; World Health Organization, 1980) codes and chart review...
December 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865334/body-image-and-eating-disorders-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth
#20
REVIEW
Zachary McClain, Rebecka Peebles
Adolescence is a crucial period for emerging sexual orientation and gender identity and also body image disturbance and disordered eating. Body image distortion and disordered eating are important pediatric problems affecting individuals along the sexual orientation and gender identity spectrum. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) youth are at risk for eating disorders and body dissatisfaction. Disordered eating in LGBT and gender variant youth may be associated with poorer quality of life and mental health outcomes...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
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