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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922239/predictors-of-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-a-psychiatric-referral
#1
Devrim Akdemir, Tuna Çak, Cihan Aslan, Büşra Sultan Aydos, Kevser Nalbant, Füsun Çuhadaroğlu-Çetin
In the literature self-esteem is found to be lower in clinically referred adolescents compared to adolescents without any psychiatric disorder. The aim of this study is to examine self-esteem and associated socio-demographical and psychological factors in clinically referred adolescents in Turkey. Three hundred forty-nine adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years admitted to the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry with a psychiatric complaint were enrolled. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Parenting Style Scale (PSS) and Sense of Identity Assessment Form (SIAF) were used for the evaluation...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883948/prevalence-sociodemographic-correlates-and-dsm-5-substance-use-disorders-and-other-psychiatric-disorders-among-sexual-minorities-in-the-united-states
#2
Bradley T Kerridge, Roger P Pickering, Tulshi D Saha, W June Ruan, S Patricia Chou, Haitao Zhang, Jeesun Jung, Deborah S Hasin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to present current nationally representative data on the prevalences, sociodemographic correlates and risk of DSM-5 substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders among sexual minorities (SMs) relative to heterosexuals, and among SMs by gender. METHODS: Data were derived from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. RESULTS: In the general noninstitutionalized population, 1...
November 7, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872002/gender-dysphoria-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Derek Glidden, Walter Pierre Bouman, Bethany A Jones, Jon Arcelus
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing clinical recognition that a significant proportion of patients with gender dysphoria have concurrent autism spectrum disorder (ASD). AIM: The purpose of this review is to systematically appraise the current literature regarding the co-occurrence of gender dysphoria and ASD. METHODS: A systematic literature search using Medline and PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase was conducted from 1966 to July 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Fifty-eight articles were generated from the search...
January 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868261/mental-health-of-transgender-veterans-of-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-conflicts-who-experienced-military-sexual-trauma
#4
Jan A Lindsay, Colt Keo-Meier, Sonora Hudson, Annette Walder, Lindsey A Martin, Michael R Kauth
Little is known about military sexual trauma (MST) in transgender veterans. To address this gap, we examined archival data regarding transgender veterans from the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. There were 332 transgender veterans treated at the Veterans Health Administration between 2000 and 2013 (78 men, 254 women; mean age 33.86 years), with most being non-Hispanic White. Transgender status and mental health conditions were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, 9(th) Revision (ICD-9; World Health Organization, 1980) codes and chart review...
December 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865334/body-image-and-eating-disorders-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth
#5
REVIEW
Zachary McClain, Rebecka Peebles
Adolescence is a crucial period for emerging sexual orientation and gender identity and also body image disturbance and disordered eating. Body image distortion and disordered eating are important pediatric problems affecting individuals along the sexual orientation and gender identity spectrum. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) youth are at risk for eating disorders and body dissatisfaction. Disordered eating in LGBT and gender variant youth may be associated with poorer quality of life and mental health outcomes...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862124/disordered-eating-behaviors-among-transgender-youth-probability-profiles-from-risk-and-protective-factors
#6
Ryan J Watson, Jaimie F Veale, Elizabeth M Saewyc
PURPOSE: Research has documented high rates of disordered eating for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth, but prevalence and patterns of disordered eating among transgender youth remain unexplored. This is despite unique challenges faced by this group, including gender-related body image and the use of hormones. We explore the relationship between disordered eating and risk and protective factors for transgender youth. METHODS: An online survey of 923 transgender youth (aged 14-25) across Canada was conducted, primarily using measures from existing youth health surveys...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833228/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-profiles-of-patients-with-gender-identity-disorder-requesting-sex-reassignment-surgery
#7
Sagar Karia, Sanhita Jamsandekar, Alpa Alure, Avinash De Sousa, Nilesh Shah
BACKGROUND: Gender identity disorder (GID) is a distressing disorder characterized by a persistent unhappiness with one's own sex and a desire to be of the opposite sex as well as seeking sex reassignment surgery for the same. The aim of the study was to assess the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) profiles in patients with GID and examine differences in the profiles based on original gender of the patients. METHODOLOGY: Twenty-seven patients with GID that fulfilled the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Text Revision criteria for the same were participants of the study...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787958/-18-f-av-1451-tau-positron-emission-tomography-in-progressive-supranuclear-palsy
#8
Jennifer L Whitwell, Val J Lowe, Nirubol Tosakulwong, Stephen D Weigand, Matthew L Senjem, Christopher G Schwarz, Anthony J Spychalla, Ronald C Petersen, Clifford R Jack, Keith A Josephs
BACKGROUND: The [(18) F]AV-1451 positron emission tomography ligand allows the in vivo assessment of tau proteins in the brain. It shows strong binding in Alzheimer's dementia, but little is known about how it performs in progressive supranuclear palsy, a primary 4R tauopathy. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine whether [(18) F]AV-1451 uptake can be observed in progressive supranuclear palsy and to characterize the regional distribution when compared with controls and Alzheimer's dementia...
October 27, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717275/disorders-related-to-sexuality-and-gender-identity-in-the-icd-11-revising-the-icd-10-classification-based-on-current-scientific-evidence-best-clinical-practices-and-human-rights-considerations
#9
Geoffrey M Reed, Jack Drescher, Richard B Krueger, Elham Atalla, Susan D Cochran, Michael B First, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Iván Arango-de Montis, Sharon J Parish, Sara Cottler, Peer Briken, Shekhar Saxena
In the World Health Organization's forthcoming eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11), substantial changes have been proposed to the ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders related to sexuality and gender identity. These concern the following ICD-10 disorder groupings: F52 Sexual dysfunctions, not caused by organic disorder or disease; F64 Gender identity disorders; F65 Disorders of sexual preference; and F66 Psychological and behavioural disorders associated with sexual development and orientation...
October 2016: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693263/psychosexual-outcome-among-iranian-individuals-with-5%C3%AE-reductase-deficiency-type-2-and-its-relationship-with-parental-sexism
#10
Behzad S Khorashad, Zahra Aghili, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels, Mehran Hiradfar, Ghasem M Roshan, Mozhgan Afkhamizadeh, Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan, Nosrat Ghaemi, Behnaz Khazai, P T Cohen-Kettenis
INTRODUCTION: Few studies exist on the psychosexual outcome of homogeneous groups of individuals with 5α-reductase deficiency type 2 (5α-RD-2) and the relation between gender changes and parental hostile and benevolent sexism, which are two components of ambivalent sexism that assume a stereotypical approach toward women in an overtly negative way or a chivalrous, seemingly positive way. AIM: To report on the psychosexual outcome of individuals with 5α-RD-2 and to investigate its relation to the level of parental sexism in a relatively large sample of Iranians with 5α-RD-2...
November 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649694/gender-issues-and-related-social-stigma-affecting-patients-with-a-disorder-of-sex-development-in-india
#11
Angela Ann Joseph, Bindu Kulshreshtha, Iram Shabir, Eunice Marumudi, Tony Sam George, Rajesh Sagar, Manju Mehta, Ariachery C Ammini
Children with disorders of sex development (DSD) manifest at birth with malformed genitalia or later with atypical pubertal development. Those born with malformed genitalia are often diagnosed at birth. However, in resource-poor countries like India, where not all births are supervised by healthcare workers, some of these children remain undiagnosed until puberty or even later. The aim of this study was to assess the gender issues and psychosocial problems of children with DSD. Participants included 205 children with DSD (103 with 46,XX DSD and 102 with 46,XY DSD)...
September 20, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598940/psychosocial-and-psychological-vulnerability-in-adolescents-with-gender-dysphoria-a-proof-of-principle-study
#12
Melanie Bechard, Doug P VanderLaan, Hayley Wood, Lori Wasserman, Kenneth J Zucker
For adolescents with gender dysphoria, it has become common to be offered hormonal treatment to either delay or suppress pubertal development and/or to masculinize or feminize the body. At the same time, it has been our clinical impression that the psychological vulnerability of at least some of these youth has been overlooked. Fifty consecutive referrals of adolescents with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of Gender Identity Disorder (GID) constituted the sample. Information obtained at intake was coded for the presence or absence of 15 psychosocial and psychological vulnerability factors...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595141/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-hormone-therapy-on-psychological-functioning-and-quality-of-life-in-transgender-individuals
#13
Jaclyn M White Hughto, Sari L Reisner
OBJECTIVES: To review evidence from prospective cohort studies of the relationship between hormone therapy and changes in psychological functioning and quality of life in transgender individuals accessing hormone therapy over time. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and PubMed were searched for relevant studies from inception to November 2014. Reference lists of included studies were hand searched. RESULTS: Three uncontrolled prospective cohort studies, enrolling 247 transgender adults (180 male-to-female [MTF], 67 female-to-male [FTM]) initiating hormone therapy for the treatment of gender identity disorder (prior diagnostic term for gender dysphoria), were identified...
January 2016: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576114/recalled-and-current-gender-role-behavior-gender-identity-and-sexual-orientation-in-adults-with-disorders-differences-of-sex-development
#14
Nina Callens, Maaike Van Kuyk, Jet H van Kuppenveld, Stenvert L S Drop, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Arianne B Dessens
The magnitude of sex differences in human brain and behavior and the respective contributions of biology versus socialization remain a topic of ongoing study in science. The preponderance of evidence attests to the notion that sexual differentiation processes are at least partially hormonally mediated, with high levels of prenatal androgens facilitating male-typed and inhibiting female-typed behaviors. In individuals with Disorders/Differences of Sex Development (DSD), hormonal profiles or sensitivities have been altered due to genetic influences, presumably affecting gender(ed) activity interests as well as gender identity development in a minority of the affected population...
August 27, 2016: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548082/gender-aspects-in-extranodal-marginal-zone-b-cell-lymphoma-of-the-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-does-sex-matter
#15
Barbara Kiesewetter, Julius Lukas, Werner Dolak, Ingrid Simonitsch-Klupp, Marius E Mayerhoefer, Markus Raderer
OBJECTIVES: Gender-related aspects have been investigated in a variety of tumor entities including results on sex-specific differences in non-Hodgkin lymphoma. However, there are no data on gender differences in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. METHODS: We have analyzed 327 patients treated between 1999 and 2015 with a median follow-up time of 55.2 months. RESULTS: There was a female predominance, with 197 female (60.2%) and 130 male patients (39...
August 23, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544457/the-mental-health-of-transgender-youth-advances-in-understanding
#16
Maureen D Connolly, Marcus J Zervos, Charles J Barone, Christine C Johnson, Christine L M Joseph
This review provides an update on the growing body of research related to the mental health of transgender youth that has emerged since the 2011 publication of the Institute of Medicine report on the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. The databases PubMed and Ovid Medline were searched for studies that were published from January 2011 to March 2016 in English. The following search terms were used: transgender, gender nonconforming, gender minority, gender queer, and gender dysphoria. Age limits included the terms youth, child, children, teenager*, and adolescen*...
November 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527844/age-and-gender-differences-in-the-influence-of-social-support-on-mental-health-a-longitudinal-fixed-effects-analysis-using-13-annual-waves-of-the-hilda-cohort
#17
A Milner, L Krnjacki, A D LaMontagne
OBJECTIVES: Perceived social support is associated with better mental health. There has been limited attention to how these relationships are modified by age and gender. We assessed this topic using 13 years of cohort data. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: The outcome was the Mental Health Inventory-5 (MHI-5), a reliable and valid screening instrument for mood disorders. The main exposure was a social support scale composed of 10 items...
November 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518756/-i-have-to-constantly-prove-to-myself-to-people-that-i-fit-the-bill-perspectives-on-weight-and-shape-control-behaviors-among-low-income-ethnically-diverse-young-transgender-women
#18
Allegra R Gordon, S Bryn Austin, Nancy Krieger, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Sari L Reisner
The impact of societal femininity ideals on disordered eating behaviors in non-transgender women has been well described, but scant research has explored these processes among transgender women. The present study explored weight and shape control behaviors among low-income, ethnically diverse young transgender women at high risk for HIV or living with HIV in a Northeastern metropolitan area. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 21 participants (ages 18-31 years; mean annual income <$10,000; ethnic identity: Multiracial [n = 8], Black [n = 4], Latina [n = 4], White [n = 4], Asian [n = 1])...
September 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513883/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-psychiatric-disorders-co-morbidity-and-heritability-in-a-nationwide-swedish-cohort
#19
Carolyn E Cesta, Mattias Månsson, Camilla Palm, Paul Lichtenstein, Anastasia N Iliadou, Mikael Landén
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder affecting 5-15% of reproductive-aged women and characterized by high levels of circulating androgens. Given that androgens have been implicated in the aetiology of several psychiatric disorders, it was hypothesized that women with PCOS have high risk for psychiatric comorbidity. We aimed to investigate this risk amongst women with PCOS, as well as in their siblings, to elucidate if familial factors underlie any potential associations. Using the Swedish national registers, we identified all women diagnosed with PCOS between 1990 and 2013 (n=24,385), their full-siblings (n=25,921), plus matched individuals (1:10/100) from the general population and their full-siblings...
November 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507021/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-traits-of-gender-identity-disorder-a-study-of-japanese-twins-across-developmental-stages
#20
Shoko Sasaki, Koken Ozaki, Shinji Yamagata, Yusuke Takahashi, Chizuru Shikishima, Tamara Kornacki, Koichi Nonaka, Juko Ando
The present study examined: (1) gender and age differences of mean gender identity disorder (GID) trait scores in Japanese twins; (2) the validity of the prenatal hormone transfer theory, which predicts that, in dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs, twins with an opposite-gender co-twin more frequently exhibit GID traits than twins with a same-gender co-twin; and (3) the magnitude of genetic and environmental influences on GID traits as a function of age and gender. Data from 1450 male twin pairs, 1882 female twin pairs, and 1022 DZ male-female pairs ranging from 3 to 26 years of age were analyzed...
October 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
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