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Mast cell il33

Abigail E Russi, Mark E Ebel, Yuchen Yang, Melissa A Brown
The cellular and molecular basis of sex-dimorphic autoimmune diseases, such as the CNS demyelinating disease multiple sclerosis (MS), remains unclear. Our studies in the SJL mouse model of MS, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), reveal that sex-determined differences in Il33 expression by innate immune cells in response to myelin peptide immunization regulate EAE susceptibility. IL-33 is selectively induced in PLP139-151 -immunized males and activates type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s), cells that promote and sustain a nonpathogenic Th2 myelin-specific response...
February 13, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Corinne Cayrol, Jean-Philippe Girard
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a tissue-derived nuclear cytokine from the IL-1 family abundantly expressed in endothelial cells, epithelial cells and fibroblast-like cells, both during homeostasis and inflammation. It functions as an alarm signal (alarmin) released upon cell injury or tissue damage to alert immune cells expressing the ST2 receptor (IL-1RL1). The major targets of IL-33 in vivo are tissue-resident immune cells such as mast cells, group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) and regulatory T cells (Tregs)...
January 2018: Immunological Reviews
Mukesh Verma, Sucai Liu, Lidia Michalec, Anand Sripada, Magdalena M Gorska, Rafeul Alam
BACKGROUND: IL-33 plays an important role in the development of experimental asthma. OBJECTIVE: We sought to study the role of the IL-33 receptor suppressor of tumorigenicity 2 (ST2) in the persistence of asthma in a mouse model. METHODS: We studied allergen-induced experimental asthma in ST2 knockout (KO) and wild-type control mice. We measured airway hyperresponsiveness by using flexiVent; inflammatory indices by using ELISA, histology, and real-time PCR; and type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) in lung single-cell preparations by using flow cytometry...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Huey-Huey Chua, Hung-Chieh Chou, Ya-Ling Tung, Bor-Luen Chiang, Chien-Chia Liao, Hong-Hsing Liu, Yen-Hsuan Ni
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota has been associated with development of allergies in infants. However, it is not clear what microbes might contribute to this process. We investigated what microbe(s) might be involved in analyses of infant twins and mice. METHODS: We studied fecal specimens prospectively in a twin cohort (n = 30) and age-matched singletons (n = 14) born at National Taiwan University Children's Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, from April 2011 to March 2013...
January 2018: Gastroenterology
G A Queiroz, R S Costa, N M Alcantara-Neves, G Nunes de Oliveira Costa, M L Barreto, V L Carneiro, C A Figueiredo
Atopic asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease in airways resulting from genetic and environmental factors, characterized by production of the Th2 cytokines interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-5 (IL-5) and interleukin-13 (IL-13). Interleukin-33 (IL-33) appears to be a potent inducer of Th2 immune response. This occurs when IL-33 binds and activates its receptor, the membrane ST2 (ST2L) in mast cells, dendritic cells, basophils, eosinophils, innate lymphoids and Th2 cells, leading to the release of these cytokines and intensifying allergic inflammation...
April 2017: International Journal of Immunogenetics
Ismé M de Kleer, Mirjam Kool, Marjolein J W de Bruijn, Monique Willart, Justine van Moorleghem, Martijn J Schuijs, Maud Plantinga, Rudi Beyaert, Emily Hams, Padraic G Fallon, Hamida Hammad, Rudi W Hendriks, Bart N Lambrecht
Allergic disease originates in early life and polymorphisms in interleukin-33 gene (IL33) and IL1RL1, coding for IL-33R and decoy receptor sST2, confer allergy risk. Early life T helper 2 (Th2) cell skewing and allergy susceptibility are often seen as remnants of feto-maternal symbiosis. Here we report that shortly after birth, innate lymphoid type 2 cells (ILC2s), eosinophils, basophils, and mast cells spontaneously accumulated in developing lungs in an IL-33-dependent manner. During the phase of postnatal lung alveolarization, house dust mite exposure further increased IL-33, which boosted cytokine production in ILC2s and activated CD11b+ dendritic cells (DCs)...
December 20, 2016: Immunity
Claire Galand, Juan Manuel Leyva-Castillo, Juhan Yoon, Alex Han, Margaret S Lee, Andrew N J McKenzie, Michael Stassen, Michiko K Oyoshi, Fred D Finkelman, Raif S Geha
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous exposure to food allergens predisposes to food allergy, which is commonly associated with atopic dermatitis (AD). Levels of the epithelial cytokine IL-33 are increased in skin lesions and serum of patients with AD. Mast cells (MCs) play a critical role in food-induced anaphylaxis and express the IL-33 receptor ST2. The role of IL-33 in patients with MC-dependent food anaphylaxis is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the role and mechanism of action of IL-33 in patients with food-induced anaphylaxis in a model of IgE-dependent food anaphylaxis elicited by oral challenge of epicutaneously sensitized mice...
November 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Thierry Olivry, David Mayhew, Judy S Paps, Keith E Linder, Carlos Peredo, Deepak Rajpal, Hans Hofland, Javier Cote-Sierra
Determining inflammation and itch pathway activation in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) is fraught with the inability to precisely assess the age of skin lesions, thus affecting the analysis of time-dependent mediators. To characterize inflammatory events occurring during early experimental acute AD lesions, biopsy samples were collected 6, 24, and 48 hours after epicutaneous application of Dermatophagoides farinae house dust mites to sensitized atopic dogs. The skin transcriptome was assessed using a dog-specific microarray and quantitative PCR...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Emma Lefrançais, Anais Duval, Emilie Mirey, Stéphane Roga, Eric Espinosa, Corinne Cayrol, Jean-Philippe Girard
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is an alarmin cytokine from the IL-1 family. IL-33 activates many immune cell types expressing the interleukin 1 receptor-like 1 (IL1RL1) receptor ST2, including group-2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s, natural helper cells, nuocytes), the major producers of IL-5 and IL-13 during type-2 innate immune responses and allergic airway inflammation. IL-33 is likely to play a critical role in asthma because the IL33 and ST2/IL1RL1 genes have been reproducibly identified as major susceptibility loci in large-scale genome-wide association studies...
October 28, 2014: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Julie M Caldwell, Margaret H Collins, Emily M Stucke, Philip E Putnam, James P Franciosi, Jonathan P Kushner, J Pablo Abonia, Marc E Rothenberg
BACKGROUND: The definition of eosinophilic gastritis (EG) is currently limited to histologic EG based on the tissue eosinophil count. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to provide additional fundamental information about the molecular, histopathologic, and clinical characteristics of EG. METHODS: Genome-wide transcript profiles and histologic features of gastric biopsy specimens, as well as blood eosinophil counts, were analyzed in patients with EG and control subjects (n = 15 each)...
November 2014: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Yosuke Baba, Keiko Maeda, Takuya Yashiro, Eisuke Inage, François Niyonsaba, Mutsuko Hara, Ryuyo Suzuki, Yoshikazu Ohtsuka, Toshiaki Shimizu, Hideoki Ogawa, Ko Okumura, Chiharu Nishiyama
BACKGROUND: The human IL1RL1/ST2 gene encodes IL33 receptor. Recently, IL33 has been recognized as a key molecule for the development of Th2 response. Although mast cells and basophils are major targets of IL33 and play important roles in IL33-mediated Th2-type immune responses, the expression mechanism of ST2 in mast cells and basophils is largely unknown. In the present study, we analyzed regulation mechanism of the human ST2 promoter in the human mast cell line LAD2 and basophilic cell line KU812...
September 2012: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
Yoko Haenuki, Kazufumi Matsushita, Shizue Futatsugi-Yumikura, Ken J Ishii, Tatsukata Kawagoe, Yoshimasa Imoto, Shigeharu Fujieda, Makoto Yasuda, Yasuo Hisa, Shizuo Akira, Kenji Nakanishi, Tomohiro Yoshimoto
BACKGROUND: We reported previously that serum levels of IL-33 are significantly increased in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR). However, very little is known about the role of IL-33 for the development of AR. OBJECTIVE: We thought to develop a novel murine model of ragweed pollen-specific AR and examined the pathologic role for ragweed-induced IL-33 in the development of AR manifestation using IL-33-deficient (il33(-/-)) mice. METHODS: Ragweed-immunized and ragweed-challenged mice were examined for early- and late-phase nasal responses...
July 2012: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
G E J Murphy, D Xu, F Y Liew, I B McInnes
Interleukin 33 (IL33) is a recently described member of the IL1 superfamily of cytokines. Originally defined on the basis of T-cell subset differentiation, IL33 is now recognised to mediate a wider role in regulating components of the innate immune response also, particularly via mast cell activation. In this paper the basic biology of IL33 is described together with that of its cognate receptor, ST2L, and the existing knowledge base for its potential role in mediating human pathology across a range of diseases is defined...
January 2010: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Mirko Manetti, Lidia Ibba-Manneschi, Vasiliki Liakouli, Serena Guiducci, Anna Franca Milia, Gemma Benelli, Alessandra Marrelli, Maria Letizia Conforti, Eloisa Romano, Roberto Giacomelli, Marco Matucci-Cerinic, Paola Cipriani
BACKGROUND: Early endothelial cell (EC) activation/damage and profibrotic Th2-associated cytokines play a pivotal role in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Interleukin 33 (IL33) is a novel member of the IL1 family that promotes Th2 responses and inflammation through the ST2 receptor. IL33 is also a chromatin-associated transcriptional regulator in ECs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of the IL33/ST2 axis in SSc. METHODS: Skin biopsies were obtained from 30 patients with SSc (15 early/15 late stage) and 10 healthy subjects...
March 2010: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
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