keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neonatal critical care

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328243/factors-associated-with-bleeding-and-thrombosis-in-children-receiving-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo
#1
Heidi J Dalton, Ron Reeder, Pamela Garcia-Filion, Richard Holubkov, Robert A Berg, Athena Zuppa, Frank W Moler, Thomas Shanley, Murray M Pollack, Christopher Newth, John Berger, David Wessel, Joseph Carcillo, Michael Bell, Sabrina Heidemann, Kathleen L Meert, Richard Harrison, Allan Doctor, Robert F Tamburro, J Michael Dean, Tammara Jenkins, Carol Nicholson
RATIONALE: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is employed for respiratory and cardiac failure in children but is complicated by bleeding and thrombosis. OBJECTIVES: (1) Measure the incidence of bleeding (blood loss requiring transfusion or intracranial hemorrhage) and thrombosis during ECMO support; (2) identify factors associated with these complications; and (3) determine the impact of these complications on patient outcome. METHODS: Prospective, observational cohort study in pediatric, cardiac, and neonatal intensive care units in eight hospitals from December 2012 to September 2014...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326546/public-private-differences-in-short-term-neonatal-outcomes-following-birth-by-prelabour-caesarean-section-at-early-and-full-term
#2
Nicole Adams, Kristen S Gibbons, David Tudehope
BACKGROUND: Prelabour caesarean section (CS) at early term (37(0) -38(6)  weeks) is associated with higher rates of adverse short-term neonatal outcomes and higher costs than those performed at full term (39(0) -40(6)  weeks). Prelabour CS is more common in private than in public hospitals in Australia, particularly at early term. AIMS: To evaluate the impact of hospital sector (public or private) and timing of delivery on short-term neonatal outcomes following prelabour CS at term...
March 22, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325182/antimicrobial-pharmacology-for-the-neonatal-foal
#3
REVIEW
K Gary Magdesian
Neonatal foals are at high risk of developing sepsis, which can be life-threatening. Early antimicrobial use is a critical component of the treatment of sepsis. Because the neonatal foal has unique pharmacologic physiology, antimicrobial choice and dosing are often different than in adult horses. Broad-spectrum, bactericidal, and intravenous antimicrobials should be considered first-line therapy for septic foals. A combination of aminoglycoside and beta-lactam antimicrobial or third-generation cephalosporin is an excellent empirical first choice for treating septic foals, until culture and susceptibility results are available...
April 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322643/perceived-needs-of-parents-of-premature-infants-in-nicu
#4
Li Wang, Jun Li He, Shu Lan Fei
To investigate the needs of parents of premature infants hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and explore associated factors. This study includes a convenience sample of 198 parents of premature infants hospitalized in a NICU in Chenzhou, Hunan province, China. Parents completed a study-specific questionnaire and the Chinese version of Critical Care Family Need Inventory (CCFNI). Analysis was conducted by multiple linear regression. Parents rated 30 of 45 items on the Chinese version of the CCFNI as important or very important...
December 1, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296662/iv-versus-subcutaneous-enoxaparin-in-critically-ill-infants-and-children-comparison-of-dosing-anticoagulation-quality-efficacy-and-safety-outcomes
#5
Yaser A Diab, Karthik Ramakrishnan, Brandon Ferrell, Reginald Chounoune, Fahad A Alfares, Kendal M Endicott, Sara Rooney, Jason Corcoran, David Zurakowski, John T Berger, Venkat Shankar, Dilip S Nath
OBJECTIVE: Subcutaneous enoxaparin is the mainstay anticoagulant in critically ill pediatric patients although it poses several challenges in this patient population. Enoxaparin infused IV over 30 minutes represents an attractive alternative, but there is limited experience with this route of administration in children. In this study, we assess dosing, anticoagulation quality, safety, and clinical efficacy of IV enoxaparin compared to subcutaneous enoxaparin in critically ill infants and children...
March 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292731/pathway-cross-talk-network-analysis-identifies-critical-pathways-in-neonatal-sepsis
#6
Yu-Xiu Meng, Quan-Hong Liu, Deng-Hong Chen, Ying Meng
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in neonatal care, sepsis remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates worldwide. Pathway cross-talk analysis might contribute to the inference of the driving forces in bacterial sepsis and facilitate a better understanding of underlying pathogenesis of neonatal sepsis. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the critical pathways associated with the progression of neonatal sepsis by the pathway cross-talk analysis. METHODS: By integrating neonatal transcriptome data with known pathway data and protein-protein interaction data, we systematically uncovered the disease pathway cross-talks and constructed a disease pathway cross-talk network for neonatal sepsis...
February 27, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289528/clinical-cardiac-regenerative-studies-in-children
#7
REVIEW
Imre J Pavo, Ina Michel-Behnke
Although the incidence of pediatric heart failure is low, the mortality is relatively high, with severe clinical symptoms requiring repeated hospitalization or intensive care treatment in the surviving patients. Cardiac biopsy specimens have revealed a higher number of resident human cardiac progenitor cells, with greater proliferation and differentiation capacity, in the neonatal period as compared with adults, demonstrating the regeneration potential of the young heart, with rising interest in cardiac regeneration therapy in critically ill pediatric patients...
February 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284482/the-single-family-room-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-critical-for-improving-outcomes
#8
EDITORIAL
Alan H Jobe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270884/critical-imperative-for-the-reform-of-british-interpretation-of-fetal-heart-rate-decelerations-analysis-of-figo-and-nice-guidelines-post-truth-foundations-cognitive-fallacies-myths-and-occam-s-razor
#9
REVIEW
Shashikant L Sholapurkar
Cardiotocography (CTG) has disappointingly failed to show good predictability for fetal acidemia or neonatal outcomes in several large studies. A complete rethink of CTG interpretation will not be out of place. Fetal heart rate (FHR) decelerations are the most common deviations, benign as well as manifestation of impending fetal hypoxemia/acidemia, much more commonly than FHR baseline or variability. Their specific nomenclature is important (center-stage) because it provides the basic concepts and framework on which the complex "pattern recognition" of CTG interpretation by clinicians depends...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270151/differential-effects-of-community-health-worker-visits-across-social-and-economic-groups-in-uttar-pradesh-india-a-link-between-social-inequities-and-health-disparities
#10
Aparna Seth, Shweta Tomar, Kultar Singh, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Amit Chakraverty, Arnab Dey, Arup K Das, Katherine Hay, Niranjan Saggurti, Sabrina Boyce, Anita Raj, Jay G Silverman
BACKGROUND: Uttar Pradesh (UP) accounts for the largest number of neonatal deaths in India. This study explores potential socio-economic inequities in household-level contacts by community health workers (CHWs) and whether the effects of such household-level contacts on receipt of health services differ across populations in this state. METHODS: A multistage sampling design identified live births in the last 12 months across the 25 highest-risk districts of UP (N = 4912)...
March 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267681/pressure-ulcer-risk-and-prevention-practices-in-pediatric-patients-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-the-national-database-of-nursing-quality-indicators%C3%A2
#11
Ivy Razmus, Sandra Bergquist-Beringer
Little is known about pressure ulcer prevention practice among pediatric patients. To describe the frequency of pressure ulcer risk assessment in pediatric patients and pressure ulcer prevention intervention use overall and by hospital unit type, a descriptive secondary analysis was performed of data submitted to the National Database for Nursing Quality Indicators® (NDNQI®) for at least 3 of the 4 quarters in 2012. Relevant data on pressure ulcer risk from 271 hospitals across the United States extracted from the NDNQI database included patient skin and pressure ulcer risk assessment on admission, time since the last pressure ulcer risk assessment, method used to assess pressure ulcer risk, and risk status...
January 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267117/pressure-injury-prevalence-and-the-rate-of-hospital-acquired-pressure-injury-among-pediatric-patients-in-acute-care
#12
Ivy Razmus, Sandra Bergquist-Beringer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence and rate of hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs) in pediatric patients. DESIGN: Descriptive, secondary analysis of 2012 data on pressure injuries among pediatric patients from the National Database for Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI). SUBJECTS AND SETTING: The sample included 39,984 patients 1 day to 18 years old from 678 pediatric acute care units (general pediatrics, pediatric critical care, neonatal intensive care, pediatric step-down, and pediatric rehabilitation units) in 271 US hospitals that submitted pressure injury data to the NDNQI for at least 3 quarters during 2012...
March 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259455/variation-in-extubation-failure-rates-after-neonatal-congenital-heart-surgery-across-pediatric-cardiac-critical-care-consortium-hospitals
#13
Brian D Benneyworth, Christopher W Mastropietro, Eric M Graham, Darren Klugman, John M Costello, Wenying Zhang, Michael Gaies
OBJECTIVE: In a multicenter cohort of neonates recovering from cardiac surgery, we sought to describe the epidemiology of extubation failure and its variability across centers, identify risk factors, and determine its impact on outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected clinical registry data on all neonates undergoing cardiac surgery in the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium database from October 2013 to July 2015. Extubation failure was defined as reintubation less than 72 hours after the first planned extubation...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257562/planned-early-birth-versus-expectant-management-for-women-with-preterm-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-prior-to-37-weeks-gestation-for-improving-pregnancy-outcome
#14
REVIEW
Diana M Bond, Philippa Middleton, Kate M Levett, David P van der Ham, Caroline A Crowther, Sarah L Buchanan, Jonathan Morris
BACKGROUND: Current management of preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (PPROM) involves either initiating birth soon after PPROM or, alternatively, adopting a 'wait and see' approach (expectant management). It is unclear which strategy is most beneficial for mothers and their babies. This is an update of a Cochrane review published in 2010 (Buchanan 2010). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of planned early birth versus expectant management for women with preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes between 24 and 37 weeks' gestation for fetal, infant and maternal well being...
March 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250963/-there-were-more-wires-than-him-the-potential-for-wireless-patient-monitoring-in-neonatal-intensive-care
#15
Oliver Bonner, Kathryn Beardsall, Nathan Crilly, Joan Lasenby
BACKGROUND: The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can be one of the most stressful hospital environments. Alongside providing intensive clinical care, it is important that parents have the opportunity for regular physical contact with their babies because the neonatal period is critical for parent-child bonding. At present, monitoring technology in the NICU requires multiple wired sensors to track each baby's vital signs. This study describes the experiences that parents and nurses have with the current monitoring methods, and reports on their responses to the concept of a wireless monitoring system...
February 2017: BMJ Innovations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248828/multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-a-challenge-for-the-pediatric-critical-care-community
#16
Robert F Tamburro, Tammara L Jenkins
The multiple organ dysfunction syndrome is highly prevalent among critically ill children both at the time of their admission and throughout their PICU stay. It is associated with a wide variety of clinical conditions and diagnoses. In addition to its prevalence, it is closely associated with mortality, and the risk of death seems to increase as the number of failing organs increases. Thus, preventing the progression or development of organ failure holds promise as a method to improve outcomes for a wide range of critically ill children...
March 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241263/bridging-knowledge-gaps-to-understand-how-zika-virus-exposure-and-infection-affect-child-development
#17
Bill G Kapogiannis, Nahida Chakhtoura, Rohan Hazra, Catherine Y Spong
Importance: The Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic has profoundly affected the lives of children and families across the Americas. As the number of children born with ZIKV-related complications continues to grow, the long-term developmental trajectory for these children and the effect on their families remains largely unknown. In September 2016, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and partner National Institutes of Health institutes convened a workshop to develop a research agenda to improve the evaluation, monitoring, and management of neonates, infants, or children affected by ZIKV and its complications...
February 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236329/unpacking-the-burden-of-care-for-infants-in-the-nicu
#18
Amy L D'Agata, Marilyn R Sanders, Damion J Grasso, Erin E Young, Xiaomei Cong, Jacqueline M Mcgrath
Infants who begin early life in the medicalized environment of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience disruption to numerous fundamental expectancies. In the NICU, infants are exposed to chronic, extreme stressors that include painful medical procedures and parental separation. Due to their preverbal stage of development, infants are unable to fully express these experiences, and linking these experiences to long-term outcomes has been difficult. This clinical article proposes the terminology Infant Medical Trauma in the NICU (IMTN) to describe the infant experience...
March 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228969/prevention-and-treatment-of-neonatal-nosocomial-infections
#19
REVIEW
Jayashree Ramasethu
Nosocomial or hospital acquired infections threaten the survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit, and increase cost of care. Premature infants are particularly vulnerable since they often undergo invasive procedures and are dependent on central catheters to deliver nutrition and on ventilators for respiratory support. Prevention of nosocomial infection is a critical patient safety imperative, and invariably requires a multidisciplinary approach. There are no short cuts...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224121/immunological-defects-in-neonatal-sepsis-and-potential-therapeutic-approaches
#20
REVIEW
Steven L Raymond, Julie A Stortz, Juan C Mira, Shawn D Larson, James L Wynn, Lyle L Moldawer
Despite advances in critical care medicine, neonatal sepsis remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with the greatest risk affecting very low birth weight, preterm neonates. The presentation of neonatal sepsis varies markedly from its presentation in adults, and there is no clear consensus definition of neonatal sepsis. Previous work has demonstrated that when neonates become septic, death can occur rapidly over a matter of hours or days and is generally associated with inflammation, organ injury, and respiratory failure...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
25089
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"