keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Syringomyelia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336632/m%C3%A3-bius-syndrome-with-cardiac-rhabdomyomas
#1
Aimee Verner, Swati Agarwal-Sinha, Frank Yanfeng Han
BACKGROUND: Möbius syndrome is a rare congenital condition which presents not merely with 6th and 7th nerve palsies, but involves gaze paresis associated with craniofacial, limb, and other abnormalities. Heterogeneity is well known in patients with Möbius syndrome and rather than being of familial inheritance based on rare cases, it is much more recognized as a sporadic syndrome. We report an infant with features of congenital Möbius syndrome associated with cardiac rhabdomyomas in the absence of tuberous sclerosis...
January 16, 2018: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317358/how-should-syringomyelia-be-defined-and-diagnosed
#2
Jörg Klekamp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316818/resolution-of-isolated-syringomyelia-after-removing-thoracic-disc-herniation
#3
Youssef El Ouadih, Guillaume Coll, Yakouba Haro, Remi Chaix
Syringomyelia is an abnormal cystic dilatation of the spinal cord caused by excessive accumulation of CSF (cerebrospinal fluid). The pathophysiology remains complex and unelucidated. We report a rare case of resolution of cervico-thoracic syringomyelia after thoracic disc excision in a 3 months follow-up time.
January 9, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311540/diffusion-tensor-imaging-in-diagnosis-of-post-traumatic-syringomyelia-in-spinal-cord-injury-in-rats
#4
Chao Zhang, Kai Chen, Xiuxin Han, Jiayuanyuan Fu, Patricia Douglas, Anna Y Morozova, Maxim A Abakumov, Ilya L Gubsky, Dejin Li, Jin Guo, Xuening Zhang, Guowen Wang, Vladimir P Chekhonin
BACKGROUND Post-traumatic syringomyelia (PTS) is a common disease after spinal cord injury (SCI). The present study was performed to evaluate the advantages of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in estimating SCI and prognosing PTS in SCI rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty rats were divided into 3 groups based on the extent of the individual SCI and PTS: a control group (n=10), a PTS group (n=8), and an SCI group (n=22). BBB tests were performed preoperatively and postoperatively at (1 d, 3 d, 5 d, 1 w, 2 w, 1 w, 2 w, 3 w, 4 w, 5 w, and 6 w)...
January 9, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285404/cervicothoracic-syringomyelia-caused-by-cervical-spinal-stenosis-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Mohamed Badri, Ghassen Gader, Kamel Bahri, Ihsen Zammel
Background: Syringomyelia is commonly associated with Chiari malformations, spinal trauma, arachnoiditis, or tumors. However, rarely, cervical canal stenosis is implicated in intramedullary cavitations. Case Discription: Here, we report the case of a 60-year-old male patient who presented with loss of pain and temperature sensation in upper extremities associated with a spastic tetraparesis. On magnetic resonance imaging, the patient was found to have syringomyelia extending from C1 to Th3...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285106/pediatric-chiari-malformation-type-i-long-term-outcomes-following-small-bone-window-posterior-fossa-decompression-with-autologous-fascia-duraplasty
#6
Hai Liu, Chenlong Yang, Jun Yang, Yulun Xu
Chiari malformation type I (CM-I) is a common hindbrain disorder that is associated with deformity and elongation of the cerebellar tonsils. Although CM-I occurs in both pediatric and adult patients, its prevalence, clinical features and management in the pediatric population are not well defined. The current study evaluated a consecutive case series of 92 children (38 females and 54 males) who were diagnosed with congenital CM-I. All patients underwent small-bone-window posterior fossa decompression with autologous-fascia duraplasty...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236893/pan-syrinx-and-syringomyelia
#7
Leonardo Palacios-Sánchez, Juan Sebastián Botero-Meneses, María Camila Vélez-Flórez
Many myths and legends have had a deep influence on modern language, and on modern medical vernacular. The terms "syrinx" and "panic"are two of the most characteristic examples and their use in neurology and other specialties is well known. This article reviews the history of these words in Greek mythology and their use in modern medicine. It is known by very few that clinical symptoms or conditions, such as syringomyelia and panic attacks, have a mythological origin in their definition and naming.
December 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213173/spine-pathology-in-a-girl-with-upper-limb-pain-a-co-incidence-or-a-causal-relationship
#8
Maria Gogou, Martha Spilioti, Despoina Tramma, Efimia Papadopoulou-Alataki, Athanasios Evangeliou
A 10-year-old girl was admitted to the Emergency Department due to a history of intermittent pain located in the left radiocarpal joint for a month, as well as in the interphalangeal joints of the left hand without any additional symptoms. Clinical examination revealed mild sensory deficits and diminished muscle strength of the left upper limb without any other pathologic findings. A Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan of the brain and spinal cord was performed, which confirmed a diagnosis of thoracic syringomyelia...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191468/malunion-of-post-traumatic-thoracolumbar-fractures
#9
REVIEW
C Mazel, L Ajavon
Thoracolumbar malunion is the result of loss of correction, insufficient correction, or even no correction (both in the frontal and sagittal planes) of a thoracolumbar fracture. The main causes are incorrect assessment of the fracture's complexity (burst fracture), its potential progression to kyphosis, and associated disc or ligament damage. It can also be the result of a poorly conducted initial treatment. The types of malunion have changed over the years because of the introduction of vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty...
November 27, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189641/mri-characteristics-of-spinal-ependymoma-in-who-grade-ii-a-review-of-59-cases
#10
Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Shiro Imagama, Fumihiko Kato, Tokumi Kanemura, Koji Sato, Mitsuhiro Kamiya, Kei Ando, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Akiyuki Matsumoto, Masayoshi Morozumi, Satoshi Tanaka, Masaaki Machino, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter study. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to determine the characteristic imaging features of spinal ependymoma in a review of MRI data for a large series of surgically proven cases. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Common spinal intramedullary neoplasms are mostly ependymomas and comprise 50-60% of spinal neuroepithelial tumors in adults. Preoperative prediction of the pathological diagnosis could enhance surgical planning and explanation of the procedure to patients...
November 20, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173189/quality-of-life-in-individuals-affected-by-arnold-chiari-malformation-comparison-and-validation-of-a-measurement-instrument
#11
Antonio Martinez-Sabater, Maria Luisa Ballestar-Tarin, Miriam Vazquez-Seoane, Lucia Mari-Avargues, Carlos Saus-Ortega, Maria Del Carmen Casal-Angulo
BACKGROUND: Introduction. Arnold Chiari Malformation (ACM) type I is a pathology whose symptomatology has repercussions for the quality of life of those affected by it. Quality-of-life measurement instruments can allow the severity of the impact of Chiari type I malformation on patients' lives to be monitored. The Chiari Symptom Profile (CSP) is a valid and reliable instrument designed for this purpose. The aim of the study was to adapt the CSP to Spanish and to explore the reliability and validity of this construct in the context of Spanish-speaking patients with ACM...
November 23, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145838/mri-characteristics-for-phantom-scratching-in-canine-syringomyelia
#12
Zoe R Nalborczyk, Angus K McFadyen, Jelena Jovanovik, Anna Tauro, Colin J Driver, Noel Fitzpatrick, Susan P Knower, Clare Rusbridge
BACKGROUND: A classic sign of canine syringomyelia (SM) is scratching towards one shoulder. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) we investigate the spinal cord lesion relating to this phenomenon which has characteristics similar to fictive scratch secondary to spinal cord transection. Medical records were searched for Cavalier King Charles spaniels with a clinical and MRI diagnosis of symptomatic SM associated with Chiari-like malformation (CM). The cohort was divided into SM with phantom scratching (19 dogs) and SM but no phantom scratching (18 dogs)...
November 16, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145275/asymptomatic-syringomyelia-accompanied-with-metastatic-cerebellar-and-spinal-intramedullary-lymphoma-a-case-report
#13
Jia-Jia Zhou, Jin-Feng Xu, Xu-Ning Zheng, Guo-Ping Peng
RATIONALE: Asympotamic syringomyelia accompanied with metastatic cerebellar and thoracic spinal intramedullary lymphoma is rare in clinical practice. If the intramedullary lymphoma is large enough, the patient will rapidly develop neurologic signs of spinal injury. The prognosis of this type of complication is always bad. PATIENT CONCERNS: Rapid and correct diagnosis and treatment is important for metastatic extranodal lymphoma with B cell of origin. DIAGNOSES: Syringomyelia accompanied with metastatic cerebellar and thoracic spinal intramedullary lymphoma...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138073/comparision-of-results-between-posterior-fossa-decompression-with-and-without-duraplasty-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-chiari-malformation-type-i%C3%AF-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Weiwei Lin, Guman Duan, Jinjin Xie, Jiashen Shao, Zhaoqi Wang, Baohua Jiao
BACKGROUND: Posterior fossa decompression without (PFD) or with duraplasty (PFDD) for the treatment of type 1 Chiari malformation (CM-I) is controversial. We thus did a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies to assess the effect on clinical and imaging improvement, operative time, complications and recurrence rate between PFD and PFDD in patients with CM-I. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Knowledge, and ClinicalTrials...
November 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125433/a-points-based-algorithm-for-prognosticating-clinical-outcome-of-chiari-malformation-type-i-with-syringomyelia-results-from-a-predictive-model-analysis-of-82-surgically-managed-adult-patients
#15
Sumit Thakar, Laxminadh Sivaraju, Kuruthukulangara S Jacob, Aditya Atal Arun, Saritha Aryan, Dilip Mohan, Narayanam Anantha Sai Kiran, Alangar S Hegde
OBJECTIVE Although various predictors of postoperative outcome have been previously identified in patients with Chiari malformation Type I (CMI) with syringomyelia, there is no known algorithm for predicting a multifactorial outcome measure in this widely studied disorder. Using one of the largest preoperative variable arrays used so far in CMI research, the authors attempted to generate a formula for predicting postoperative outcome. METHODS Data from the clinical records of 82 symptomatic adult patients with CMI and altered hindbrain CSF flow who were managed with foramen magnum decompression, C-1 laminectomy, and duraplasty over an 8-year period were collected and analyzed...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105875/questionnaire-based-analysis-of-owner-reported-scratching-and%C3%A2-pain-signs-in-cavalier-king-charles-spaniels-screened-for-chiari-like-malformation-and-syringomyelia
#16
C R Sparks, S Cerda-Gonzalez, E H Griffith, B D X Lascelles, N J Olby
BACKGROUND: Chiari-like malformation (CM) and syringomyelia (SM) cause a pain syndrome in Cavalier King Charles spaniels (CKCS). Clinical signs are not consistently apparent on neurologic examination, and owner reporting of signs provides vital clinical history. However, owner questionnaires for this disease are not well developed. OBJECTIVES: To develop a tool to capture owner-reported clinical signs for use in clinical trials and to compare owner-reported signs with the presence of pain on neurologic examination and SM on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096983/chiari-malformation-may-increase-perivascular-cerebrospinal-fluid-flow-into-the-spinal-cord-a-subject-specific-computational-modelling-study
#17
Robert A Lloyd, David F Fletcher, Elizabeth C Clarke, Lynne E Bilston
Syringomyelia is associated with Chiari I malformation, although the mechanistic link is unclear. Studies have suggested that cerebrospinal fluid enters the spinal cord via the perivascular spaces, and that changes in the timing of the subarachnoid pressures may increase flow into the spinal cord. This study aims to determine how Chiari malformation and syringomyelia alter the subarachnoid space pressures and hence perivascular flow. Subject-specific models of healthy controls (N = 9), Chiari patients with (N = 7) and without (N = 8) syringomyelia, were developed from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to simulate the subarachnoid pressures...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092643/arachnoiditis-ossificans-associated-with-syringomyelia-a-case-report
#18
Changbing Wang, Zhong Chen, Deyong Song, Tianhang Xuan
The association of arachnoiditis ossificans with syringomyelia is a rare pathological entity. We present an unusual case who presented with progressive myelopathy caused by arachnoidits ossificans and syringomyelia. The pathophysiology and treatment strategy of this rare entity are still controversial.
November 2, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091065/the-3d-characteristics-of-post-traumatic-syringomyelia-in-a-rat-model-a-propagation-based-synchrotron-radiation-microtomography-study
#19
Shenghui Liao, Shuangfei Ni, Yong Cao, Xianzhen Yin, Tianding Wu, Hongbin Lu, Jianzhong Hu, Hao Wu, Ye Lang
Many published literature sources have described the histopathological characteristics of post-traumatic syringomyelia (PTS). However, three-dimensional (3D) visualization studies of PTS have been limited due to the lack of reliable 3D imaging techniques. In this study, the imaging efficiency of propagation-based synchrotron radiation microtomography (PB-SRµCT) was determined to detect the 3D morphology of the cavity and surrounding microvasculature network in a rat model of PTS. The rat model of PTS was established using the infinite horizon impactor to produce spinal cord injury (SCI), followed by a subarachnoid injection of kaolin to produce arachnoiditis...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071044/chiari-type-i-malformation-with-cervicothoracic-syringomyelia-subterfuge-as-flail-arm-syndrome
#20
Zhi Gang Lan, Seidu A Richard, Jiagang Liu, Chao You
Chiari type I malformation with cervicothoracic syringomyelia although very common in clinical practice usually in children can progress slowly and mimic muscular dystrophies in adulthood. We present a rare adult case of Chiari type I malformation with cervicothoracic syringomyelia subterfuge as Flail arm syndrome. A 44-year-old man was diagnosed with congenital type I Chiari malformation with cervicothoracic syringomyelia about 21 years ago without surgery. His health status deteriorated over the years until 21 days prior to presentation when he had severe pain in the right knee...
August 29, 2017: Neurology International
keyword
keyword
25088
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"