keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Syringomyelia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540253/craniocervical-junction-abnormalities-with-atlantoaxial-subluxation-caused-by-ventral-subluxation-of-c2-in-a-dog
#1
Harumichi Itoh, Kazuhito Itamoto, Shotaro Eto, Tomoya Haraguchi, Shimpei Nishikawa, Kenji Tani, Yoshiki Itoh, Masato Hiyama, Toshie Iseri, Munekazu Nakaichi, Yasuho Taura
Craniocervical junction abnormalities with atlantoaxial subluxation caused by ventral subluxation of C2 were diagnosed in a 6-month-old female Pomeranian with tetraplegia as a clinical sign. Lateral survey radiography of the neck with flexion revealed atlantoaxial subluxation with ventral subluxation of C2. Computed tomography revealed absence of dens and atlanto-occipital overlapping. Magnetic resonance imaging showed compression of the spinal cord and indentation of caudal cerebellum. The diagnosis was Chiari-like malformation, atlantoaxial subluxation with ventral displacement of C2, atlanto-occipital overlapping, and syringomyelia...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524792/analysis-and-interrater-reliability-of-pb-c2-using-mri-and-ct-data-from-the-park-reeves-syringomyelia-research-consortium-on-behalf-of-the-pediatric-craniocervical-society
#2
Todd C Hankinson, Gerald F Tuite, Dagmara I Moscoso, Leslie C Robinson, James C Torner, David D Limbrick, Tae Sung Park, Richard C E Anderson
OBJECTIVE The distance to the ventral dura, perpendicular to the basion to C2 line (pB-C2), is commonly employed as a measure describing the anatomy of the craniovertebral junction. However, both the reliability among observers and the clinical utility of this measurement in the context of Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) have been incompletely determined. METHODS Data were reviewed from the first 600 patients enrolled in the Park-Reeves Syringomyelia Research Consortium with CM-I and syringomyelia. Thirty-one cases were identified in which both CT and MRI studies were available for review...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512616/surgical-management-of-syringomyelia-associated-with-spinal-adhesive-arachnoiditis-a-late-complication-of-tuberculous-meningitis-a-case-report
#3
Jun Seok Lee, Geun Sung Song, Dong Wuk Son
Syringomyelia associated with tuberculous meningitis is an extremely rare condition. Only a few studies have reported clinical experience with syringomyelia as a late complication of tuberculous meningitis. Twenty-six years after a tuberculous meningitis episode, a 44-year-old man presented with progressively worsening spastic paresis of the lower limbs and impaired urinary function for 2 years. Radiological examination revealed syringomyelia extending from the level of C2 to T9 and arachnoiditis with atrophy of the spinal cord between C2 and T3...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498073/does-the-mesodermal-derangement-in-chiari-type-i-malformation-extend-to-the-cervical-spine-evidence-from-an-analytical-morphometric-study-on-cervical-paraspinal-muscles
#4
Sumit Thakar, Avinash Kurudi Siddappa, Saritha Aryan, Dilip Mohan, Narayanam Anantha Sai Kiran, Alangar S Hegde
OBJECTIVE The mesodermal derangement in Chiari Type I malformation (CMI) has been postulated to encompass the cervical spine. The objectives of this study were to assess the cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of cervical paraspinal muscles (PSMs) in patients with CMI without syringomyelia, compare them with those in non-CMI subjects, and evaluate their correlations with various factors. METHODS In this retrospective study, the CSAs of cervical PSMs in 25 patients were calculated on T2-weighted axial MR images and computed as ratios with respect to the corresponding vertebral body areas...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484540/a-common-case-with-an-unusual-association-chiari-i-malformation-with-holocord-syrinx
#5
Sumit Bansal, Sachin A Borkar, Ashok K Mahapatra
Authors are presenting a common case of Chiari malformation but with a very unusual associated finding, holocord syringomyelia, which responded to posterior fossa decompression. An 11-year-old male patient presented with progressive left hemiparesis and numbness on left half of the body for 4 years. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine revealed peg-shaped herniation of tonsils 8 mm below the foramen magnum and holocord syringomyelia. No focal intraspinal mass was seen. Chiari I malformation with holocord syrinx was diagnosed...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458814/bilateral-neuropathic-osteoarthropathy-of-the-shoulder-due-to-syringomyelia
#6
Levent Adiyeke, Mehmet Oǧuz Durakbaşa, Tahir Mutlu Duymuş
Neuropathic osteoarthropathy, which is known as Charcot osteoarthropathy, is a degenerative arthritis that develops as a result of proprioceptive and sensory innervation loss. A 47-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department of the hospital with left shoulder pain, which was ongoing and exacerbating for 5 days. Examination of the cervical region takes a crucial part in determining shoulder pathology. Palliative therapy is the prior treatment of choice as surgical therapy has potential risks in Charcot osteoarthropathy...
April 6, 2017: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444460/hydrocephalus-a-rare-initial-manifestation-of-sporadic-intramedullary-hemangioblastoma-intramedullary-hemangioblastoma-presenting-as-hydrocephalus
#7
Barbara Albuquerque Morais, Daniel Dante Cardeal, Renan Ribeiro E Ribeiro, Fernando Pereira Frassetto, Fernanda Goncalves Andrade, Hamilton Matushita, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Intramedullary hemangioblastomas are rare benign vascular tumors, infrequent in pediatric patients. Clinical symptoms vary according to the age of presentation, tumor size, location, and concomitant syringomyelia. This is the second reported case of hemangioblastoma presenting with acute hydrocephalus. CASE PRESENTATION: A 3-month-old infant with acute hydrocephalus was asymptomatic after a ventriculoperitoneal shunt was placed. She returned 3 months later with irritability, acute paraplegia, and respiratory distress...
April 25, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435116/chiari-malformation-type-1-a-systematic-review-of-natural-history-and-conservative-management
#8
REVIEW
Benjamin Langridge, Edward Phillips, David Choi
OBJECTIVE: Chiari type 1 malformations (CM-1) are variations of hind-brain development which can sometimes occur in asymptomatic individuals. Conventional treatment is surgical decompression, but little is known about the natural history of patients who do not undergo surgical management. Appreciation of this information is critical to determine how these patients should be managed. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to determine the natural history of CM-1 particularly in patients who did not undergo surgery, and in asymptomatic individuals, to help inform patients and doctors when surgery is likely to be beneficial...
April 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428929/treatment-of-posttubercular-syringomyelia-not-responsive-to-antitubercular-therapy-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
Giuseppe Canova, Alessandro Boaro, Enrico Giordan, Pierluigi Longatti
Posttubercular adhesive arachnoiditis is a rare, late complication of tubercular meningitis. Syringomyelia can develop as a consequence of intramedullary cystic lesions and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow disturbance around the spinal cord, even after successful chemotherapy. We reviewed the literature related to posttubercular syringomyelia treatment and suggest a new combined surgical approach. A 25-year-old Nigerian male patient presented with legs numbness, urinary disturbance, and legs weakness. Spinal magnetic resonance revealed a T5-T7 syringomyelia, secondary to adhesive spinal arachnoiditis related to a history of tuberculous meningitis...
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416844/clinical-characteristics-of-neurogenic-dysphagia-in-adult-patients-with-chiari-malformation-type-i
#10
T Yu, J Li, K Wang, Y Ge, A C Jiang, L P Duan, Z Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes of swallowing function and associated symptoms in Chiari malformation typeI (CMI) patients with and without dysphagia by the analysis of their clinical and high-resolution manometry (HRM) parameters. METHODS: A total of 42 patients diagnosed with symptomatic CMI without atlantoaxial dislocations which were confirmed by clinical manifestations and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings between January 2010 and July 2015 at Peking University Third Hospital were included in this study...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412564/outcomes-of-patients-with-syringomyelia-undergoing-spine-deformity-surgery-do-large-syrinxes-behave-differently-than-small
#11
Amer F Samdani, Steven W Hwang, Anuj Singla, James T Bennett, Robert J Ames, Jeff S Kimball
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: A paucity of data exists studying outcomes of patients with syringomyelia undergoing spinal deformity correction. The literature does not stratify patients by syrinx size, which is likely a major contributor to outcomes. PURPOSE: To compare differences in outcomes between patients with large (≥ 4mm) and small syrinxes (< 4mm) undergoing spinal deformity correction. DESIGN: Retrospective review PATIENT SAMPLE: 28 patients (11 with large syrinx [LS, ≥ 4mm] and 17 with small syrinx [SS, < 4mm])...
April 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399105/-treatment-of-syringomyelia-associated-with-chiari-1-malformation
#12
A A Zuev, G V Kostenko
Syringomyelia (SM) develops due to the disturbance of cerebrospinal fluid dynamics, spinal fixation or a spinal tumor. The disturbance of cerebrospinal fluid dynamics in the area of the foramen magnum leads to the progression of SM in Chiari 1 malformation (CM1). CM1 is the most prevalent pathology of craniovertebral junction associated with SM. The prevalence of CM1 varies from 3 to 8 per 100 000 population but SM is diagnosed in 65% of patients with CM1. Clinical symptoms of CM1 and SM include pain in the occipital area, gait disturbances due to sensitive ataxia, dissociated sensory disorders, dysphagia, paresis of the extremities...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384597/no-significant-difference-between-chiari-malformation-type-1-5-and-type-i
#13
Wei Liu, Hongxing Wu, Yalikun Aikebaier, Maoliti Wulabieke, Rexiti Paerhati, Xiaopeng Yang
OBJECTIVE: Chiari malformation Type 1.5 (CM 1.5) was defined as the association of Chiari malformation Type I (CM I) and brainstem herniation. The objective was to demonstrate the difference of clinical features and surgical outcomes between CM 1.5 and CM I. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All CM 1.5 and CM I adult patients who underwent posterior fossa decompression with duraplasty at our institution between 2006 and 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical characteristics, imaging features, and long-term outcomes were compared between CM 1...
March 30, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381106/atypical-cytologic-presentation-of-a-histiocytic-sarcoma-in-a-cavalier-king-charles-spaniel-dog
#14
Lorelei L Clarke, Lisa S Kelly, Bridget Garner, Cathy A Brown
A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog was presented because of a 10-d history of progressive vomiting, inappetence, and lethargy, with mild neurologic signs. Fine-needle aspirates of splenic nodules seen on ultrasound were suggestive of a carcinoma. On autopsy, a disseminated neoplasm was present in the lung, spleen, and adrenal glands. Additionally, there was a Chiari-like malformation of the skull with corresponding syringomyelia of the cranial spinal cord. Histologically, the neoplasm was comprised of a pleomorphic population of round cells with a high mitotic rate...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357553/misdiagnosed-syrinx-in-a-patient-with-neuroschisis-and-klippel-feil-syndrome-case-report
#15
Vlad Voin, Nitsa Topale, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Klippel-Feil syndrome can present with a myriad of symptoms and imaging findings. Herein, we present a case of Klippel-Feil syndrome that was initially misdiagnosed with syringomyelia. We review this case and discuss the imaging findings. CONCLUSIONS: Neuoroschisis should be suspected in patients with Klippel-Feil syndrome and differentiated from syringomyelia.
March 29, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352205/syringomyelia-presenting-with-unilateral-optic-neuropathy-a-case-report
#16
Qi Zhe Ngoo, Evelyn Li Min Tai, Wan Hazabbah Wan Hitam
PURPOSE: In this case report, we present two cases of syringomyelia with optic neuropathy. FINDINGS: In Case 1, a 36-year-old Malay lady presented to our clinic with acute onset of blurring of vision in her left eye that she experienced since past 1 month. She was diagnosed with syringomyelia 12 years ago and was on conservative management. Her visual acuity was 6/6 in the right eye and counting fingers at 1 m in the left. There was a positive relative afferent pupillary defect in her left eye...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347422/cord-cystic-cavities-syringomyelia-and-prominent-central-canal
#17
Blaise V Jones
Syringomyelia is the term given to cystic cavities in the spinal cord, most of which are associated with congenital malformations of the craniocervical junction and represent dilation of the central canal of the cord. As such, syrinxes can be considered analogous to hydrocephalus. The exact etiology of syrinx formation remains a subject of debate, but there is ample evidence that they are the result of obstruction of the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid between the intracranial and spinal compartments. The chances that a syrinx will progress over time are much greater when they are associated with a causative lesion (Chiari malformation, tumor, infection, and trauma), but asymptomatic central canal dilation may be a stable incidental finding...
April 2017: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343240/childhood-angular-kyphosis-a-plea-for-involvement-of-the-pediatric-neurosurgeon
#18
E Cornips, S Koudijs, J Vles, L van Rhijn
INTRODUCTION: Childhood angular kyphosis is rare, as most children are affected by a mixed kyphotic and scoliotic deformity. Published series involving a mix of kyphosis and kyphoscoliosis, pediatric and adult, congenital and acquired cases are almost exclusively authored by orthopedic surgeons, suggesting that (pediatric) neurosurgeons are not involved. CASE SERIES: We present five cases that illustrate the spectrum of angular kyphosis, and these were treated by a multidisciplinary team including child neurologist, orthopedic surgeon, and pediatric neurosurgeon as complementary partners...
March 25, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338452/differentiation-of-idiopathic-spinal-cord-herniation-from-dorsal-arachnoid-webs-on-mri-and-ct-myelography
#19
Randall Schultz, Andrew Steven, Aaron Wessell, Nancy Fischbein, Charles A Sansur, Dheeraj Gandhi, David Ibrahimi, Prashant Raghavan
OBJECTIVE Dorsal arachnoid webs (DAWs) and spinal cord herniation (SCH) are uncommon abnormalities affecting the thoracic spinal cord that can result in syringomyelia and significant neurological morbidity if left untreated. Differentiating these 2 entities on the basis of clinical presentation and radiological findings remains challenging but is of vital importance in planning a surgical approach. The authors examined the differences between DAWs and idiopathic SCH on MRI and CT myelography to improve diagnostic confidence prior to surgery...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327950/a-new-classification-for-pathologies-of-spinal-meninges-part-2-primary-and-secondary-intradural-arachnoid-cysts
#20
Jörg Klekamp
BACKGROUND: Spinal intradural arachnoid cysts are rare causes of radiculopathy or myelopathy. Treatment options include resection, fenestration, or cyst drainage. OBJECTIVE: To classify intradural spinal arachnoid cysts and present results of their treatment. METHODS: Among 1519 patients with spinal space occupying lesions, 130 patients demonstrated intradural arachnoid cysts. Neuroradiological and surgical features were reviewed and clinical data analyzed...
March 10, 2017: Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
25088
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"