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Paul A Boelen
In the Netherlands, every year 500,000 people are confronted with the death of a close relative. Many of these people experience little emotional distress. In some, bereavement precipitates severe grief, distress, and dysphoria. A small yet significant minority of bereaved individuals develops persistent and debilitating symptoms of persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) (also termed prolonged grief disorder), posttraumatic stress disorder, and depression. Knowledge about early identification of, and preventive care for complex grief has increased...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Ulrich Schnyder, Richard A Bryant, Anke Ehlers, Edna B Foa, Aram Hasan, Gladys Mwiti, Christian H Kristensen, Frank Neuner, Misari Oe, William Yule
BACKGROUND: Although there is some evidence of the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) construct's cross cultural validity, trauma-related disorders may vary across cultures, and the same may be true for treatments that address such conditions. Experienced therapists tailor psychotherapy to each patient's particular situation, to the nature of the patient's psychopathology, to the stage of therapy, and so on. In addition, culture-sensitive psychotherapists try to understand how culture enhances the meaning of their patient's life history, the cultural components of their illness and help-seeking behaviors, as well as their expectations with regard to treatment...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
J Schellong, F Epple, K Weidner
Many refugees experience severely stressful events in their home countries, during migration and occasionally even after arrival in the country of destination. The individual reactions not only influence the mental health but also somatic well being. Traumatic events may have an essential impact on psychosocial functioning; moreover, the social circumstances during the integration process influence mental stability. Physicians play an important role in identifying possible traumatization and subsequently guiding towards adequate treatment; hence, the healthcare of refugees should regularly include psychosomatic and psychotraumatological aspects...
May 2016: Der Internist
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Paulina Zelviene
The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of traumatic stress studies from the three Baltic countries-Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia-and reveal how specific social context contributes to the topics relevant in traumatic stress field in the region. Traumatic stress studies in the Baltic countries are closely related to the complicated history of the region. It was only since the restoration of independence of the Baltic States in the 1990s when traumatic stress studies could emerge. The start of the psychotraumatology in the Baltic States was inspired by the interest of the psychological effects of political violence...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Miranda Olff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Jessica Helen Huss, Christiane Eichenberg
INTRODUCTION: Media have a significant influence on the perception of mental disorders in society. Especially in the case of traumatizations, the indirect confrontation with a traumatic event will lead to the application of psychotraumatological defence mechanisms aiming at retaining an illusory sense of security. Experts assume that journalists are also making use of psychotraumatological defence when reporting on disasters in print media. This, in turn, will influence the reception of traumatic events in the public in general and in the construction of victim and perpetrator in particular...
February 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Frederique Vallières, Ruth Ceannt, Philip Hyland, Rikke Bramsen, Maj Hansen, Jamie Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Lancet Global Health
Thomas Maier, Hanspeter Moergeli, Michaela Kohler, Giovanni E Carraro, Ulrich Schnyder
BACKGROUND: To date, mental health professionals' attitudes toward posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), compared to other psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia or depression, have rarely been studied. OBJECTIVE: We assessed mental health professionals' attitudes toward patients with PTSD compared to patients suffering from depression. METHOD: Case vignettes of a patient with either PTSD or depression were presented to two samples of mental health professionals: attendees of a conference on posttraumatic stress (N=226) or of a lecture for psychiatry residents (N=112)...
2015: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Vedat Şar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
J Angenendt
Emergency psychology and psychotraumatology deal with the psychological sequelae of traumatic experiences, i.e., the prevention and early intervention of posttraumatic mental health disorders. Accidents are the most prevalent traumatic events in the general population that may result in a range of severe trauma and adjustment disorders. Accidents happen suddenly, unexpectedly, and can gravely threaten health, personal integrity, and life. The prevalence of intermittent and chronic psychiatric disorders in the aftermath of severe accidents varies between 5 and 30 %...
June 2014: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Daniel Kopf, Walter Hewer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
K Hucklenbroich, M Burgmer, G Heuft
BACKGROUND: The general scientific literature of psychotraumatology does not pay regard to people older than 60 years, although the generation of children who experienced World War II in Europe was severely affected. In addition, there is the possibility of acute traumatic experiences in old age. METHODS: Based on a literature search, we provide a survey of the symptomatology of acute and earlier trauma in older people and of the psychotherapeutic and pharmacological treatment options...
April 2014: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Miranda Olff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Ljiljana Joksimovic, Wolfgang Wöller, Dieter Kunzke
The present paper focuses on clinical issues concerning the psychopharmacological treatment of severe forms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).Using a case study, we discuss problems in this field against the background of psychodynamic and psychotraumatological theories. We also present strategies for the appropriate use of psychotropic drugs in the psychotherapy of PTSD.
2013: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
Malik Ait-Aoudia, Pierre P Levy, Eric Bui, Salvatore Insana, Capucine de Fouchier, Anne Germain, Louis Jehel
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are one of the main complaints of patients with trauma-related disorders. The original Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Addendum for PTSD (PSQI-A) is self-report instrument developed to evaluate posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-specific sleep disturbances in trauma-exposed individuals. However, to date, the PSQI-A has not yet been translated nor validated in French. OBJECTIVE: THE PRESENT STUDY AIMS TO: a) translate the PSQI-A into French, and b) examine its psychometric properties...
2013: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Ernst Berger, Tamara Katschnig
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: Commissioned by the victims-organisation 'Weißer Ring', we conducted 130 interviews (34% female, 66% male, medium age of 53.6 years) during a period of 12 months (March 2011-March 2012). All of them reported that they had been traumatised children in residential care (1946-1975: 70%, 1976-1990: 25%). The interviews primarily aimed at providing expert estimates of the consequences of individual traumas in order to establish a valid basis for compensation. The later evaluation of the interviews allows insight in to forms and quantity of subjective experiences of trauma and of their consequences for later life; although-due to the sampling procedures-no reliable generalisations about the entire system of Social Pedagogy of the City of Vienna are possible...
2013: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
Joop de Jong, Ria Reis
Guidelines on psychosocial interventions in postconflict areas commonly mention that interventions should be based on local needs and be built on culture-specific expertise. This paper is based on a dissociative cult, the Kiyang-yang (KYY), in Guinea Bissau. In a previous article, we used a refined definition of the concept of idiom of distress to analyze the dissociative behavior displayed in KYY as a symbolic language addressing politically dangerous truths. This paper uses the concept of "collective trauma processing" to analyze how the idiom offered the local population a pathway to mitigate the consequences of protracted and widespread political violence...
October 2013: Transcultural Psychiatry
Stuart Turner
This paper outlines a personal account of the growth of the field of traumatic stress in Europe, especially with the history of major disasters in the 1980s, the first European Conference in Lincoln in 1988, the formation of European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies and its subsequent development, for example, with a federal structure and its own journal, and most important of all the way that the field as a whole has matured.
2013: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Jonathan I Bisson
The inconsistent implementation of evidence-based practice has become a significant concern in the traumatic stress field. The European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ESTSS) has played a major role in highlighting this issue and has contributed to a number of European initiatives to improve dissemination and implementation. Key initiatives include the introduction of the ESTSS General Certificate in Psychotrauma Psychotraumatology and the European Network for Traumatic Stress (TENTS); these are discussed in this paper...
2013: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Erica M Van der Schrieck-De Loos
This article addresses Wolter De Loos' pathway into ESTSS that ended on 6th January 2004. His footsteps are still printed in the field of psychotraumatology as he showed the field how a physician was trying to integrate his working field with that of psychiatry, with a great passion for his patients. Erica M. Van der Schrieck-De Loos outlines the perspectives of her father as funding president of the ESTSS by using his Opening Address of the Fourth ESTSS Conference in 1995. This address emphasized that the mixture of righteousness and offence in warfare is ubiquitious and everlasting...
2013: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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