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Miranda Olff
Psychotraumatology is on the move. Worldwide, there is an increasing awareness of the negative impact of psychotrauma, which is reflected in the number of publications on the topic. These publications become more and more available to the public (Open Access), even more so than in other fields, and thus lead to quicker implementation of research findings. In this editorial, the editor of the European Journal of Psychotraumatology (EJPT) provides a brief review of how the journal has been doing, including recent accomplishments, some metrics and the ESTSS EJPT award for best paper of 2017, and identifies a number of priorities for the next year...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Frédérique Vallières, Philip Hyland, Jamie Murphy, Maj Hansen, Mark Shevlin, Ask Elklit, Ruth Ceannt, Cherie Armour, Nana Wiedemann, Mette Munk, Cecilie Dinesen, Geraldine O'Hare, Twylla Cunningham, Ditte Askerod, Pernille Spitz, Noeline Blackwell, Angela McCarthy, Leonie O'Dowd, Shirley Scott, Tracey Reid, Andreas Mokake, Rory Halpin, Camila Perera, Christina Gleeson, Rachel Frost, Natalie Flanagan, Kinan Aldamman, Trina Tamrakar, Maria Louison Vang, Larissa Sherwood, Áine Travers, Ida Haahr-Pedersen, Catherine Walshe, Tracey McDonagh, Rikke Holm Bramsen
In this paper we present a description of the Horizon2020, Marie Skłodowska-Curie Action funded, research and training programme CONTEXT: COllaborative Network for Training and EXcellence in psychoTraumatology. The three objectives of the programme are put forward, each of which refers to a key component of the CONTEXT programme. First, we summarize the 12 individual research projects that will take place across three priority populations: (i) refugees and asylum seekers, (ii) first responders, and (iii) perpetrators and survivors of childhood and gender-based violence...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Cherie Armour, Eiko I Fried, Miranda Olff
Recent years have seen increasing attention on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) research. While research has largely focused on the dichotomy between patients diagnosed with mental disorders and healthy controls - in other words, investigations at the level of diagnoses - recent work has focused on psychopathology symptoms. Symptomics research in the area of PTSD has been scarce so far, although several studies have focused on investigating the network structures of PTSD symptoms. The present special issue of EJPT adds to the literature by curating additional PTSD network studies, each looking at a different aspect of PTSD...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Christine Knaevelsrud, Nadine Stammel, Miranda Olff
In the past few years the number of refugees worldwide has increased dramatically. Many of them were traumatized in their homelands due to violent conflict or persecution, as well as during their flight, and are confronted with ongoing stressors in the exile countries. In order to contribute to enhancing the clinical knowledge, this special issue of the European Journal of Psychotraumatology focuses on traumatized refugees. It includes three review articles as well as four original articles on the mental health burden, screening instruments and interventions in different groups of refugees...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Rens van de Schoot, Naomi Schalken, Miranda Olff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Gerasimos Kolaitis, Miranda Olff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Alfonso Troisi
This review outlines the contribution of evolutionary science to experimental and clinical psychotraumatology. From an evolutionary perspective, traumatic and psychosocial stressors are conceived of as events or circumstances that thwart the achievement of biological goals. The more important is the adaptive value of the goal, the more painful is the emotional impact of the life event that endangers goal achievement. Life history theory and sexual selection theory help to explain why goal priorities differ between the sexes and across age groups...
September 6, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
JohnBosco Chika Chukwuorji, Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, John E Eze
BACKGROUND: Event centrality and emotion regulation in relation to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been documented in various global samples especially in Western cultures; but internally displaced persons (IDPs) still constitute an underrepresented population in psychotraumatology literature. This study tested the roles of event centrality and emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) in PTSD symptoms among IDPs in Nigeria. DESIGN: The multi-group cross-sectional design was adopted...
November 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Cedric Sachser, Lucy Berliner, Tonje Holt, Tine Jensen, Nathaniel Jungbluth, Elizabeth Risch, Rita Rosner, Lutz Goldbeck
In contrast to the DSM-5, which expanded the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom profile to 20 symptoms, a workgroup of the upcoming ICD-11 suggested a reduced symptom profile with six symptoms for PTSD. Therefore, the objective of the study was to investigate the dimensional structure of DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD in a clinical sample of trauma-exposed children and adolescents and to compare the diagnostic rates of PTSD between diagnostic systems. The study sample consisted of 475 self-reports and 424 caregiver-reports on the child and adolescent trauma screen (CATS), which were collected at pediatric mental health clinics in the US, Norway and Germany...
February 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
A Maercker, M Augsburger
The first description of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 1980s marked the origin of psychotraumatology. Based on the variety of developments in the meantime and being relevant for basic research and clinical application, a differentiation of diagnoses according to the new International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) are presented including PTSD, complex PTSD, prolonged grief disorder and adjustment disorder. In addition, extension towards traumatic and adverse childhood experiences and their significance for lifetime mental and somatic morbidity are described...
September 2017: Der Nervenarzt
Evaldas Kazlauskas
There is a growing recognition about the effects of traumatic experiences on mental health worldwide. With ongoing conflicts, natural disasters, interpersonal violence, and other traumatic events it is estimated that approximately 70% of the global population have been exposed to at least one lifetime traumatic experience. Research shows a substantial proportion of survivors, especially in low- and middle-income countries, would have a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). During recent decades effective evidence-based treatments for PTSD have been developed...
2017: Global Health Action
Paul A Boelen
In the Netherlands, every year 500,000 people are confronted with the death of a close relative. Many of these people experience little emotional distress. In some, bereavement precipitates severe grief, distress, and dysphoria. A small yet significant minority of bereaved individuals develops persistent and debilitating symptoms of persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) (also termed prolonged grief disorder), posttraumatic stress disorder, and depression. Knowledge about early identification of, and preventive care for complex grief has increased...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Ulrich Schnyder, Richard A Bryant, Anke Ehlers, Edna B Foa, Aram Hasan, Gladys Mwiti, Christian H Kristensen, Frank Neuner, Misari Oe, William Yule
BACKGROUND: Although there is some evidence of the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) construct's cross cultural validity, trauma-related disorders may vary across cultures, and the same may be true for treatments that address such conditions. Experienced therapists tailor psychotherapy to each patient's particular situation, to the nature of the patient's psychopathology, to the stage of therapy, and so on. In addition, culture-sensitive psychotherapists try to understand how culture enhances the meaning of their patient's life history, the cultural components of their illness and help-seeking behaviors, as well as their expectations with regard to treatment...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
J Schellong, F Epple, K Weidner
Many refugees experience severely stressful events in their home countries, during migration and occasionally even after arrival in the country of destination. The individual reactions not only influence the mental health but also somatic well being. Traumatic events may have an essential impact on psychosocial functioning; moreover, the social circumstances during the integration process influence mental stability. Physicians play an important role in identifying possible traumatization and subsequently guiding towards adequate treatment; hence, the healthcare of refugees should regularly include psychosomatic and psychotraumatological aspects...
May 2016: Der Internist
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Paulina Zelviene
The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of traumatic stress studies from the three Baltic countries-Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia-and reveal how specific social context contributes to the topics relevant in traumatic stress field in the region. Traumatic stress studies in the Baltic countries are closely related to the complicated history of the region. It was only since the restoration of independence of the Baltic States in the 1990s when traumatic stress studies could emerge. The start of the psychotraumatology in the Baltic States was inspired by the interest of the psychological effects of political violence...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Miranda Olff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Jessica Helen Huss, Christiane Eichenberg
INTRODUCTION: Media have a significant influence on the perception of mental disorders in society. Especially in the case of traumatizations, the indirect confrontation with a traumatic event will lead to the application of psychotraumatological defence mechanisms aiming at retaining an illusory sense of security. Experts assume that journalists are also making use of psychotraumatological defence when reporting on disasters in print media. This, in turn, will influence the reception of traumatic events in the public in general and in the construction of victim and perpetrator in particular...
February 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Frederique Vallières, Ruth Ceannt, Philip Hyland, Rikke Bramsen, Maj Hansen, Jamie Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Lancet Global Health
Thomas Maier, Hanspeter Moergeli, Michaela Kohler, Giovanni E Carraro, Ulrich Schnyder
BACKGROUND: To date, mental health professionals' attitudes toward posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), compared to other psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia or depression, have rarely been studied. OBJECTIVE: We assessed mental health professionals' attitudes toward patients with PTSD compared to patients suffering from depression. METHOD: Case vignettes of a patient with either PTSD or depression were presented to two samples of mental health professionals: attendees of a conference on posttraumatic stress (N=226) or of a lecture for psychiatry residents (N=112)...
2015: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Vedat Şar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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