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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904691/implantation-of-placenta-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-accelerates-murine-dermal-wound-closure-through-immunomodulation
#1
Haifeng Wang, Lianyu Chen, Yang Liu, Bangzhen Luo, Nanzi Xie, Tao Tan, Lige Song, Pei Erli, Ming Luo
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a major complication of diabetes mellitus. Although previous studies have established that inflammation, ischemia and neuropathy contribute to the development of DFU, it is still an unmet medical need due to lack knowledge of cellular and molecular mechanisms associated with DFU. In the present study, we tested our hypothesis that subcutaneous application of human placental mesenchymal stem cells (PMSCs) can accelerate diabetic dermal wound healing by modulating immunoresponse...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894749/the-microbiology-of-diabetic-foot-infections-in-patients-recently-treated-with-antibiotic-therapy-a-prospective-study-from-india
#2
Ashu Rastogi, Suja Sukumar, Abhishek Hajela, Soham Mukherjee, Pinaki Dutta, Sanjay Kumar Bhadada, Anil Bhansali
AIM: Clinicians often treat clinically infected diabetic foot ulcers without information from cultures of the wound. The results of wound cultures may also be affected by previous antibiotic therapy. Thus, we aimed to study the microbial isolates, and antimicrobial sensitivity of previously treated patients with a clinically infected DFU. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: 293 consecutive patients with clinically infected DFU on prior antimicrobial treatment within the immediate past few days for a duration greater than one week were evaluated for microbial etiology, antibiotic sensitivity and final outcomes...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865316/soft-tissue-reconstruction-pyramid-for-the-diabetic-charcot-foot
#3
REVIEW
Claire M Capobianco, Thomas Zgonis
Foot and ankle ulcerations in patients with diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (DCN) occur frequently and can be challenging to address surgically when conservative care fails. Patients with acute or chronic diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are at continued risk for development of osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, gas gangrene, and potential lower extremity amputation. Concurrent vasculopathy and peripheral neuropathy as well as uncontrolled medical comorbidities complicate the treatment approach. In addition, pathomechanical forces left untreated may contribute to DFU recurrence in this patient population...
January 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836663/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-foki-variant-in-diabetic-foot-ulcer-and-its-relation-with-oxidative-stress
#4
Negin Soroush, Mania Radfar, Armita Kakavand Hamidi, Mohammad Abdollahi, Mostafa Qorbani, Farideh Razi, Ensieh Nasli Esfahani, Mahsa M Amoli
PURPOSE: The patient's suffering and financial costs affiliated with Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU), as one of the most important complications of diabetes, are highly undesirable and this highlights the importance of preventive medicine about this disorder. Furthermore hyperglycemia causes generation of free radicals which leads to oxidative stress (OS). Hence, this study aims to examine the association between vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene FokI polymorphism and DFU in Iranian population and also its correlation with OS biomarkers...
November 9, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827300/concordance-in-diabetic-foot-ulceration-a-cross-sectional-study-of-agreement-between-wound-swabbing-and-tissue-sampling-in-infected-ulcers
#5
E Andrea Nelson, Alexandra Wright-Hughes, Sarah Brown, Benjamin A Lipsky, Michael Backhouse, Moninder Bhogal, Mwidimi Ndosi, Catherine Reynolds, Gill Sykes, Christopher Dowson, Michael Edmonds, Peter Vowden, Edward B Jude, Tom Dickie, Jane Nixon
BACKGROUND: There is inadequate evidence to advise clinicians on the relative merits of swabbing versus tissue sampling of infected diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). OBJECTIVES: To determine (1) concordance between culture results from wound swabs and tissue samples from the same ulcer; (2) whether or not differences in bacterial profiles from swabs and tissue samples are clinically relevant; (3) concordance between results from conventional culture versus polymerase chain reaction (PCR); and (4) prognosis for patients with an infected DFU at 12 months' follow-up...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827284/extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-diabetic-foot-ulcers-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#6
S M Jeppesen, K B Yderstraede, B S B Rasmussen, M Hanna, L Lund
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) on healing chronic diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). METHOD: Patients with chronic DFUs were randomised (1:1) to receive a series of six ESWT treatments over 3 weeks in combination with standard care or standard care alone. ESWT was performed on DFUs using 250 shocks/cm(2) and 500 shocks on arterial beds supplying the ulcer location. RESULTS: We recruited 23 patients, 11 in the intervention group and 12 in the control...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826487/aseptically-processed-placental-membrane-improves-healing-of-diabetic-foot-ulcerations-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Lawrence A DiDomenico, Dennis P Orgill, Robert D Galiano, Thomas E Serena, Marissa J Carter, Jarrod P Kaufman, Nathan J Young, Charles M Zelen
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic grafts derived from amnion/chorion are known to be efficacious in healing chronic diabetic foot ulcerations (DFUs). The goal of this study was to compare aseptically processed dehydrated human amnion and chorion allograft (dHACA) versus standard of care (SOC) in facilitating wound closure in nonhealing DFUs. METHODS: Patients with DFUs treated with SOC (off-loading, appropriate debridement, and moist wound care) after a 2-week screening period were randomized to either SOC or wound-size-specific dHACA (AmnioBand, Musculoskeletal Transplant Foundation, Edison, N...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824259/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-cycling-cleat-designed-for-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#8
Ryan T Crews, Steven R Smith, Ramin Ghazizadeh, Sai Yalla, Stephanie C Wu
BACKGROUND: Offloading devices for diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) generally restrict exercise. In addition to traditional health benefits, exercise could benefit DFU by increasing blood flow and acting as thermotherapy. This study functionally evaluated a cycling cleat designed for forefoot DFU. METHODS: Fifteen individuals at risk of developing a DFU used a recumbent stationary bicycle to complete one 5-minute cycling bout with the DFU cleat on their study foot and one 5-minute bout without it...
November 8, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795820/cost-of-illness-among-patients-with-diabetic-foot-ulcer-in-turkey
#9
Ergun Oksuz, Simten Malhan, Bilge Sonmez, Rukiye Numanoglu Tekin
AIM: To evaluate the annual cost of patients with Wagner grade 3-4-5 diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) from the public payer's perspective in Turkey. METHODS: This study was conducted focused on a time frame of one year from the public payer's perspective. Cost-of-illness (COI) methodology, which was developed by the World Health Organization, was used in the generation of cost data. By following a clinical path with the COI method, the main total expenses were reached by multiplying the number of uses of each expense item, the percentage of cases that used them and unit costs...
October 15, 2016: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792855/minor-amputation-does-not-negatively-affect-health-related-quality-of-life-as-compared-with-conservative-treatment-in-patients-with-a-diabetic-foot-ulcer-an-observational-study
#10
K Pickwell, V Siersma, M Kars, J Apelqvist, K Bakker, M Edmonds, P Holstein, A Jirkovská, E B Jude, D Mauricio, A Piaggesi, H Reike, M Spraul, L Uccioli, V Urbancic, K van Acker, J van Baal, N Schaper
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is poor in patients with persistent diabetic foot ulcers and poor HRQoL predicts worse outcomes in these patients. Amputation is often considered a treatment failure, which is why conservative treatment is generally preferred over amputation. However, it is unclear whether minor amputation negatively affects HRQoL compared with conservative treatment in patients with diabetic foot ulcers. METHODS: In the cohort of the multicenter, prospective, observational Eurodiale study, we determined difference in change of HRQoL measured by EQ-5D between patients with a diabetic foot ulcers that healed after conservative treatment (n = 676) and after minor amputation (n = 145)...
October 28, 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770835/localization-of-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells-and-their-effect-in-repair-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers-in-rats
#11
Rongfeng Shi, Yinpeng Jin, Chuanwu Cao, Shilong Han, Xiaowen Shao, Lingyu Meng, Jie Cheng, Meiling Zhang, Jiayi Zheng, Jun Xu, Maoquan Li
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is an intractable diabetic complication. Patients suffering from diabetes mellitus (DM) frequently present with infected DFUs. In this study, a wound healing model on diabetic rat foot was established to mimic the pathophysiology of clinical patients who suffer from DFUs. Our study aimed to explore the localization of human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) and the role of these cells in the repair of foot ulcerated tissue in diabetic rats, and thus to estimate the possibilities of adipose-derived stem cells for diabetic wound therapy...
October 22, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742997/bacterial-contribution-in-chronicity-of-wounds
#12
Kashif Rahim, Shamim Saleha, Xudong Zhu, Liang Huo, Abdul Basit, Octavio Luiz Franco
A wound is damage of a tissue usually caused by laceration of a membrane, generally the skin. Wound healing is accomplished in three stages in healthy individuals, including inflammatory, proliferative, and remodeling stages. Healing of wounds normally starts from the inflammatory phase and ends up in the remodeling phase, but chronic wounds remain in an inflammatory stage and do not show progression due to some specific reasons. Chronic wounds are classified in different categories, such as diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), venous leg ulcers (VLU) and pressure ulcer (PU), surgical site infection (SSI), abscess, or trauma ulcers...
October 14, 2016: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733020/topical-oxygen-therapy-results-in-complete-wound-healing-in-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#13
Janelle Yu, Suzanne Lu, Ann-Marie McLaren, Julie A Perry, Karen M Cross
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are a significant problem in an aging population. 15% of diabetics develop a DFU over their lifetime, which can lead to potential amputation. The 5-year survival rate after amputation is 31%, which is greater than the lifetime risk of mortality from cancer. Topical oxygen is a promising technique for the adjunctive therapy of chronic wounds including DFUs, but few controlled studies exist to support its clinical adoption. The aim of this study was to compare a portable topical oxygen delivery system in patients with non-healing DFUs to standard best practice...
October 12, 2016: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730333/characterization-of-patients-with-diabetic-foot-disease-presenting-to-an-irish-podiatry-centre-profiling-suitability-for-entry-to-a-clinical-trial-of-advanced-wound-therapeutics
#14
A M Mahon, C MacGilchrist, C McIntosh, T O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus, coined the 'Black Death of the Twenty-First Century', is associated with complications, including foot ulceration with potential loss of limb. There is a need for development of new wound therapies through completion of robust clinical trials. AIMS: To profile demographics and wound characteristics of an Irish cohort with diabetes, forecast eligibility for entry to a clinical trial of advanced wound therapeutics, and adjust criteria to optimize eligibility for enrolment...
October 11, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723246/comparison-of-five-systems-of-classification-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers-and-predictive-factors-for-amputation
#15
Byung-Joon Jeon, Hwan Jun Choi, Jin Seok Kang, Min Sung Tak, Eun Soo Park
Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disorder. Among various complications, diabetic neuropathy and peripheral vascular disorders are closely associated with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). Lower extremity ulcers and amputations are ongoing problems among individuals with diabetes. There are several classification systems for DFUs; however, no prognostic system has to date been accepted as the gold standard or the optimum prediction tool for amputations. A retrospective study was designed. Demographic data and baseline laboratory data were gathered and scored or evaluated using five representative DFU classification systems...
October 10, 2016: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681811/a-comparative-analysis-of-skin-substitutes-used-in-the-management-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#16
M Martinson, N Martinson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the relative product cost and clinical outcomes of four skin substitutes used as adjunctive treatments for diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). METHOD: Medicare claims data from 2011 to 2014 were used to identify beneficiaries with diabetes and foot ulcers. Patients treated with one of four types of skin substitute (Apligraf, Dermagraft, OASIS, and MatriStem) were identified. The skin substitutes were compared on episode length; amputation rate; skin substitute utilisation; and skin substitute costs...
October 2016: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681806/treatment-of-large-complex-non-healing-wounds-with-cryopreserved-amniotic-suspension-allograft-a-case-series
#17
B Marcus
OBJECTIVE: Cryopreserved amniotic suspension allograft (CASA) is a regenerative tissue suspension containing amniotic membrane and amniotic fluid components used for soft-tissue repair, replacement, and reconstruction. The aim of this case series is to examine its effects in different wound types. METHOD: In a retrospective series CASA was applied to chronic non-healing wounds. All patients were treated at a single center between June 2013 and December 2014. The criterion for application of CASA was lack of progress toward wound healing despite standard treatments and adjuvant therapies...
October 2016: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668262/association-between-serum-cystatin-c-and-diabetic-foot-ulceration-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Jie Zhao, Wuquan Deng, Yuping Zhang, Yanling Zheng, Lina Zhou, Johnson Boey, David G Armstrong, Gangyi Yang, Ziwen Liang, Bing Chen
Serum cystatin C (CysC) has been identified as a possible potential biomarker in a variety of diabetic complications, including diabetic peripheral neuropathy and peripheral artery disease. We aimed to examine the association between CysC and diabetic foot ulceration (DFU) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). 411 patients with T2D were enrolled in this cross-sectional study at a university hospital. Clinical manifestations and biochemical parameters were compared between DFU group and non-DFU group. The association between serum CysC and DFU was explored by binary logistic regression analysis...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634091/therapeutic-effects-of-connective-tissue-manipulation-on-wound-healing-and-bacterial-colonization-count-among-patients-with-diabetic-foot-ulcer
#19
Leonard Henry Joseph, Aatit Paungmali, John Dixon, Liz Holey, Amaramalar Selvi Naicker, Ohnmar Htwe
This study investigated the therapeutic effects of connective tissue manipulation (CTM) in diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). A total of 20 participants (10 in CTM group and 10 in conventional treatment group (CG)) with DFU underwent the conventional DFU treatment. In addition, the CTM group received CTM twice per week for 6 weeks. The percentage wound area reduction (PWAR) and bacterial colonization count (BCC) in log10 colony-forming units (CFU) per ml wound fluid was evaluated at baseline and six weeks. Results showed a significant change in PWAR in CTM (p < 0...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623390/increasing-the-mir-126-expression-in-the-peripheral-blood-of-patients-with-diabetic-foot-ulcers-treated-with-maggot-debridement-therapy
#20
Jie Zhang, Xin-Juan Sun, Jin'an Chen, Zhi Wei Hu, Lei Wang, Dong Mei Gu, Ai-Ping Wang
BACKGROUND: miR-126 may increase angiogenesis in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) treated with maggot debridement therapy (MDT). METHODS: Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect expression of miR-126 mRNA in the peripheral blood among the non-diabetic population, type 2 diabetes mellitus patients without DFU, and patients with DFUs of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The expression of miR-126 mRNA in the peripheral blood of patients with DFUs was observed before and after MDT...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
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