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D-amino acid oxidase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629864/structure-function-relationships-in-human-d-aspartate-oxidase-characterisation-of-variants-corresponding-to-known-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms
#1
Masumi Katane, Ryo Kanazawa, Risa Kobayashi, Megumi Oishi, Kazuki Nakayama, Yasuaki Saitoh, Tetsuya Miyamoto, Masae Sekine, Hiroshi Homma
D-Aspartate oxidase (DDO) is a degradative enzyme that is stereospecific for the acidic amino acid D-aspartate, an endogenous agonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. Dysregulation of NMDA receptor-mediated neurotransmission has been implicated in the onset of various neuropsychiatric disorders including schizophrenia and in chronic pain. Thus, appropriate regulation of the amount of D-aspartate is believed to be important for maintaining proper neural activity in the nervous system. Herein, the effects of the non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) R216Q and S308N on several properties of human DDO were examined...
June 16, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628200/local-generation-and-imaging-of-hydrogen-peroxide-in-living-cells
#2
Yulia A Bogdanova, Carsten Schultz, Vsevolod V Belousov
Described here is a localized H2 O2 generation-detection system consisting of a yeast D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) and two spectrally distinct variants of biosensor, HyPer2 and HyPerRed based on circularly permutated yellow and red fluorescent proteins, respectively, which enables spatiotemporal production and examination of the intracellular H2 O2 dynamics. The protocol describes using this system in a simple cell culture model. We provide detailed instructions on imaging of H2 O2 generated by the activated DAAO...
June 19, 2017: Current Protocols in Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625888/combined-venom-profiling-and-cytotoxicity-screening-of-the-radde-s-mountain-viper-montivipera-raddei-and-mount-bulgar-viper-montivipera-bulgardaghica-with-potent-cytotoxicity-against-human-a549-lung-carcinoma-cells
#3
Ayse Nalbantsoy, Benjamin-Florian Hempel, Daniel Petras, Paul Heiss, Bayram Göçmen, Nasit Iğci, Mehmet Zülfü Yildiz, Roderich D Süssmuth
Here we report the first characterization of the endemic Mount Bulgar Viper (Montivipera bulgardaghica) and Radde's mountain viper (Montivipera raddei) venom by a combined approach using intact mass profiling and bottom-up proteomics. The cytotoxicity screening of crude venom as well as isolated serine proteases revealed a high activity against A549 human lung carcinoma cells. By means of intact mass profiling of native and reduced venom we observed basic and acidic phospholipases type A2. Moreover, the analysis revealed snake venom metalloproteases, cysteine-rich secretory proteins, disintegrins, snake venom serine proteases, C-type lectins, a vascular endothelial growth factor and an L-amino acid oxidase...
June 16, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596380/identification-of-oxidative-modifications-of-hemopexin-and-their-predicted-physiological-relevance
#4
Peter Hahl, Rachel Hunt, Edward S Bjes, Andrew Skaff, J Andrew Keightley, Ann Smith
Hemopexin protects against heme toxicity in hemolytic diseases and conditions, sepsis and sickle cell disease. This protection is sustained by heme-hemopexin complexes present in biological fluids that resist oxidative damage during heme-driven inflammation. However, apo-hemopexin is vulnerable to inactivation by reactive nitrogen and oxygen species that covalently modify amino acids. The consequent nitration of amino acids is considered a selective and specific effect reflecting biological events. Using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, we discovered low endogenous levels of tyrosine nitration in the peptide YYCFQGNQFLR of human hemopexin, which was similarly nitrated in rabbit and rat hemopexins...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592826/ph-dependent-enantioselectivity-of-d-amino-acid-oxidase-in-aqueous-solution
#5
Qingju Liu, Li Chen, Zhikun Zhang, Bibai Du, Yating Xiao, Kunhao Yang, Lingling Gong, Li Wu, Xiangjun Li, Yujian He
D-amino acid oxidases (DAAO) are stereospecific enzymes which are generally almost inactive towards L-enantiomer in neutral solution when L-, D-amino acids are supplied as substrates. In this paper, the D-amino acid oxidase can catalytic oxidize L-amino acids by modulating pH of aqueous solution. With L-Pro as substrate, the catalytic rate (k cat) and the affinity (K m) of DAAO were 6.71 s(-1) and 33 mM at pH 8.0, respectively, suggesting that optimal pH condition enhanced the activity of DAAO towards L-Pro...
June 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588361/caffeine-and-cannabis-effects-on-vital-neurotransmitters-and-enzymes-in-the-brain-tissue-of-juvenile-experimental-rats
#6
J O Owolabi, S Y Olatunji, A J Olanrewaju
BACKGROUND: Caffeine and cannabis are globally consumed and abused psychoactive substances. While caffeine is legally used in various forms, including in tea and coffee as beverages, it is also consumed in soda and energy drinks as additives. Cannabis, on the other hand, is considered illegal in most countries; albeit, it is being consumed globally particularly by adolescents. PURPOSE: The adolescent stage marks a critical stage of brain development and maturation...
May 2017: Annals of Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571558/protein-profile-analysis-of-two-australian-snake-venoms-by-one-dimensional-gel-electrophoresis-and-ms-ms-experiments
#7
Dessi Georgieva, Diana Hildebrand, Rodrigo Simas, Monika A Coronado, Marcel Kwiatkowski, Hartmut Schlüter, Raghuvir Arni, Patrick Spencer, Christian Betzel
The Pseudechis colletti and Pseudechis butleri venoms were analyzed by 1-D gel electrophoresis, followed by mass spectrometric analysis of tryptic peptides obtained from the protein bands. Both venoms contain highly potent pharmacologically active components, which were assigned to the following protein families: basic and acidic phospholipases A2 (PLA2s), L-amino acid oxidases (LAAOs), P-III metalloproteinases (P-III SVMPs), 5'-nucleotidases (5'-NTDs), cysteine-rich secretory proteins (CRISPs), venom nerve growth factors (VNGFs) and post-synaptic neurotoxins...
May 31, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560262/decreased-free-d-aspartate-levels-are-linked-to-enhanced-d-aspartate-oxidase-activity-in-the-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-of-schizophrenia-patients
#8
Tommaso Nuzzo, Silvia Sacchi, Francesco Errico, Simona Keller, Orazio Palumbo, Ermanno Florio, Daniela Punzo, Francesco Napolitano, Massimiliano Copetti, Massimo Carella, Lorenzo Chiariotti, Alessandro Bertolino, Loredano Pollegioni, Alessandro Usiello
It is long acknowledged that the N-methyl d-aspartate receptor co-agonist, d-serine, plays a crucial role in several N-methyl d-aspartate receptor-mediated physiological and pathological processes, including schizophrenia. Besides d-serine, another free d-amino acid, d-aspartate, is involved in the activation of N-methyl d-aspartate receptors acting as an agonist of this receptor subclass, and is abundantly detected in the developing human brain. Based on the hypothesis of N-methyl d-aspartate receptor hypofunction in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and considering the ability of d-aspartate and d-serine to stimulate N-methyl d-aspartate receptor-dependent transmission, in the present work we assessed the concentration of these two d-amino acids in the post-mortem dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and hippocampus of patients with schizophrenia and healthy subjects...
2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545531/selection-and-characterization-of-alanine-racemase-inhibitors-against-aeromonas-hydrophila
#9
Yaping Wang, Chao Yang, Wen Xue, Ting Zhang, Xipei Liu, Jiansong Ju, Baohua Zhao, Dong Liu
BACKGROUND: Combining experimental and computational screening methods has been of keen interest in drug discovery. In the present study, we developed an efficient screening method that has been used to screen 2100 small-molecule compounds for alanine racemase Alr-2 inhibitors. RESULTS: We identified ten novel non-substrate Alr-2 inhibitors, of which patulin, homogentisic acid, and hydroquinone were active against Aeromonas hydrophila. The compounds were found to be capable of inhibiting Alr-2 to different extents with 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) ranging from 6...
May 25, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540665/different-molecular-mechanisms-mediate-direct-or-glia-dependent-prion-protein-fragment-90-231-neurotoxic-effects-in-cerebellar-granule-neurons
#10
Stefano Thellung, Elena Gatta, Francesca Pellistri, Valentina Villa, Alessandro Corsaro, Mario Nizzari, Mauro Robello, Tullio Florio
Glia over-stimulation associates with amyloid deposition contributing to the progression of central nervous system neurodegenerative disorders. Here we analyze the molecular mechanisms mediating microglia-dependent neurotoxicity induced by prion protein (PrP)90-231, an amyloidogenic polypeptide corresponding to the protease-resistant portion of the pathological prion protein scrapie (PrP(Sc)). PrP90-231 neurotoxicity is enhanced by the presence of microglia within neuronal culture, and associated to a rapid neuronal [Ca(++)] i increase...
May 25, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536198/understanding-the-essential-proton-pumping-kinetic-gates-and-decoupling-mutations-in-cytochrome-c-oxidase
#11
Ruibin Liang, Jessica M J Swanson, Mårten Wikström, Gregory A Voth
Cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water and uses the released free energy to pump protons against the transmembrane proton gradient. To better understand the proton-pumping mechanism of the wild-type (WT) CcO, much attention has been given to the mutation of amino acid residues along the proton translocating D-channel that impair, and sometimes decouple, proton pumping from the chemical catalysis. Although their influence has been clearly demonstrated experimentally, the underlying molecular mechanisms of these mutants remain unknown...
June 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509930/elucidation-of-inhibitor-binding-pockets-of-d-amino-acid-oxidase-using-docking-simulation-and-n-sulfanylethylanilide-based-labeling-technology
#12
Taiki Kohiki, Yusuke Kato, Yusuke Nishikawa, Kazuko Yorita, Ikuko Sagawa, Masaya Denda, Tsubasa Inokuma, Akira Shigenaga, Kiyoshi Fukui, Akira Otaka
Because of the relevance of d-serine (d-Ser) to schizophrenia, inhibitors of d-amino acid oxidase (DAO), which catalyzes degradation of d-Ser in the presence of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), are expected to be anti-schizophrenia therapeutics. In this study, binding pockets of DAO to its inhibitor 4-bromo-3-nitrobenzoic acid were searched by combining in silico docking simulation and labeling experiments employing an N-sulfanylethylanilide-based labeling technology that we have developed. The results clearly demonstrated that there are two binding pockets: one is shared with d-Ser and FAD, and the other is an unexpected cleft between the subunits of a DAO dimer...
May 16, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505561/class-enzyme-based-motors-for-on-the-fly-enantiomer-analysis-of-amino-acids
#13
Laura García-Carmona, María Moreno-Guzmán, María Cristina González, Alberto Escarpa
Here, two class-enzyme motors are properly designed allowing the rapid dispersion of the class-enzyme D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) and L-amino acid oxidase (LAO) for selective "on the fly" biodetection of D and L-amino acids (AAs), respectively. The efficient movement together with the continuous release of fresh class-enzyme leads to a greatly accelerated enzymatic reaction processes without the need of external stirring or chemical and physical attachment of the enzyme. Ultra-fast detection (<2min) and accurate quantifications of L-phenylalanine (L-Phe) in plasma and whole-blood newborns samples diagnosed with Phenylketonuria and total D-AAs in Vibrio cholera cultures are pioneer illustrated as relevant examples of each enantiomer determination...
May 6, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482573/polythiophene-supported-mno2-nanoparticles-as-nano-stabilizer-for-simultaneously-electrostatically-immobilization-of-d-amino-acid-oxidase-and-hemoglobin-as-efficient-bio-nanocomposite-in-fabrication-of-dopamine-bi-enzyme-biosensor
#14
Yalda Shoja, Amir Abbas Rafati, Javad Ghodsi
A novel, highly selective and sensitive voltammetric bi-enzyme biosensor for sensing dopamine (DA), in presence of H2O2 which resulted as d-alanine enzymatic oxidation, was fabricated on the basis of simultaneously electrostatically immobilization of d-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) and hemoglobin (Hb) on MnO2 nanoparticles (MnO2 NPs) enriched poly thiophene (PTh). Cyclic voltammetry (CV), technique was applied for electropolymerization of thiophene on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) surface and MnO2 NPs dispersed on PTh network by soaking PTh/GCE in potassium permanganate (KMnO4) solution...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473295/amino-acids-located-in-the-outer-sphere-of-the-trinuclear-copper-center-in-a-multicopper-oxidase-cueo-as-the-putative-electron-donor-in-the-four-electron-reduction-of-dioxygen
#15
Takeshi Sakurai, Moe Yamamoto, Shinsuke Ikeno, Kunishige Kataoka
The reaction mechanism of multicopper oxidase (MCO) to reduce dioxygen to water has not been fully understood yet in spite of extensive studies including on the intermediate I (peroxide intermediate) and intermediate II (native intermediate with an O-centered structure at the trinuclear copper center (TNC)). We performed the Phe mutations at the four amino acids, Tyr69, Cys138, Trp139, and Tyr496 located in the outer-sphere of TNC in CueO at the aim of studying whether they play a role as the fourth electron donor to dioxygen or not...
August 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464607/oriented-coimmobilization-of-oxidase-and-catalase-on-tailor-made-ordered-mesoporous-silica
#16
Juan M Bolivar, Victoria Gascon, Carlos Marquez-Alvarez, Rosa M Blanco, Bernd Nidetzky
Mesoporous silica materials are promising carriers for enzyme immobilization in heterogeneous biocatalysis applications. By tailoring their pore structural framework, these materials are designable for appropriate enzyme binding capacity and internal diffusivity. To supply O2 efficiently to solid-supported immobilized enzymes represents a core problem of heterogeneously catalyzed oxidative biotransformations. In this study, therefore, we synthesized and compared three internally well-ordered and two amorphous silica materials as enzyme carriers, each of those with pore sizes of ≥10 nm, to enable the coimmobilization of d-amino-acid oxidase (79 kDa) and catalase (217 kDa)...
May 12, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451739/understanding-renal-nuclear-protein-accumulation-an-in-vitro-approach-to-explain-an-in-vivo-phenomenon
#17
Lisanne Luks, Marcia Y Maier, Silvia Sacchi, Loredano Pollegioni, Daniel R Dietrich
Proper subcellular trafficking is essential to prevent protein mislocalization and aggregation. Transport of the peroxisomal enzyme D-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) appears dysregulated by specific pharmaceuticals, e.g., the anti-overactive bladder drug propiverine or a norepinephrine/serotonin reuptake inhibitor (NSRI), resulting in massive cytosolic and nuclear accumulations in rat kidney. To assess the underlying molecular mechanism of the latter, we aimed to characterize the nature of peroxisomal and cyto-nuclear shuttling of human and rat DAAO overexpressed in three cell lines using confocal microscopy...
April 27, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435276/clinical-and-biochemical-study-of-d-serine-metabolism-among-schizophrenia-patients
#18
Hamdy N El-Tallawy, Tahia H Saleem, Abdallah Maa El-Ebidi, Mohammed H Hassan, Romany H Gabra, Wafaa Ma Farghaly, Nagwa Abo El-Maali, Hoda S Sherkawy
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a typical N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) hypofunction disorder. Decreased d-serine (d-Ser) levels in the periphery occur in schizophrenia and may reflect decreased availability of d-Ser to activate NMDA-R in the brain. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the role of d-Ser metabolism in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia via biochemical assays and correlates, the serum level of d-Ser, d-serine racemase (SR) (responsible for its formation from l-serine [l-Ser]) and d-amino acid oxidase (DAAO) (responsible for its catabolism), among different clinical types of schizophrenia patients...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428746/expression-of-d-amino-acid-oxidase-dao-daao-and-d-amino-acid-oxidase-activator-daoa-g72-during-development-and-aging-in-the-human-post-mortem-brain
#19
Vinita Jagannath, Zoya Marinova, Camelia-Maria Monoranu, Susanne Walitza, Edna Grünblatt
In the brain, D-amino acid oxidase (DAO/DAAO) mainly oxidizes D-serine, a co-agonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Thus, DAO can regulate the function of NMDA receptors via D-serine breakdown. Furthermore, DAO activator (DAOA)/G72 has been reported as both DAOA and repressor. The co-expression of DAO and DAOA genes and proteins in the human brain is not yet elucidated. The aim of this study was to understand the regional and age span distribution of DAO and DAOA (mRNA and protein) in a concomitant manner...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419969/neurotoxic-effects-of-silver-nanoparticles-and-the-protective-role-of-rutin
#20
Mona M Ahmed, Mohamed M A Hussein
The toxicological studies on silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) have become a hot topic over the past few decades due to their unique properties on the nanoscale and widespread in many commercial products that launched into the market recently. This study was undertaken to shed light on Ag-NPs toxicity on neurotransmitters with special emphasis on the impact of concurrent administration of rutin with Ag-NPs in the experimental rats. The oral administration of Ag-NPs in rats induced brain oxidative stress, significant alterations in neurotransmitters and amino acids...
June 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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