keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chronic Respiratory Failure

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778845/predictors-of-long-term-mortality-in-status-epilepticus
#1
Somsak Tiamkao, Pawinee Saybungkla, Prapassara Sirikarn, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth
BACKGROUND: There were several studies that have reported on the long-term mortality rate of status epilepticus (SE). However, these studies were conducted mainly in Western countries using small study populations. This study aimed to evaluate predictors for long-term mortality in SE using the Thai national healthcare database. METHODS: This study was conducted using the Thai national Universal Health Coverage (UC) database. The eligibility criteria for this study were that all patients were diagnosed with SE and had been admitted to any hospital between 2005 and 2015...
May 17, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774601/the-impact-of-mitral-stenosis-on-outcomes-of-aortic-valve-stenosis-patient-undergoing-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-or-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#2
Yasser Al-Khadra, Fahed Darmoch, Motaz Baibars, Amir Kaki, Zaher Fanari, M Chadi Alraies
BACKGROUND: The concomitant presence of mitral stenosis (MS) in the setting of symptomatic aortic stenosis represent a clinical challenge. Little is known regarding the outcome of mitral stenosis (MS) patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Therefore, we sought to study the outcome of MS patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR). METHOD: Using weighted data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database between 2011 and 2014, we identified patients who were diagnosed with MS...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773296/nontuberculous-mycobacterial-and-aspergillus-infections-among-cadaveric-lung-transplant-recipients-in-japan
#3
Kazunobu Tachibana, Yoshinori Okada, Yasushi Matsuda, Kentaroh Miyoshi, Takahiro Oto, Toyofumi F Chen-Yoshikawa, Hiroshi Date, Masato Minami, Meinoshin Okumura, Akinori Iwasaki, Takeshi Shiraishi, Sumiko Maeda, Yuji Matsumura, Takahiro Nakajima, Ichiro Yoshino, Seiji Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation is an effective treatment modality for respiratory failure. Chronic lung infections, including infections caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) and Aspergillus, are difficult to control, and uncontrolled infections are relative contraindications for lung transplantation. However, few reports have documented the incidence and outcome of these infections in lung transplant recipients. METHODS: To quantify the incidence and outcomes of colonization and disease caused by NTM and aspergillosis in recipients before and after lung transplantation, we reviewed the medical records and microbiology data from 240 consecutive cadaveric lung transplant recipients between 2000 and 2014...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773292/health-related-quality-of-life-measurement-in-patients-with-chronic-respiratory-failure
#4
REVIEW
Toru Oga, Wolfram Windisch, Tomohiro Handa, Toyohiro Hirai, Kazuo Chin
The improvement of health-related quality of life (HRQL) is an important goal in managing patients with chronic respiratory failure (CRF) receiving long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) and/or domiciliary noninvasive ventilation (NIV). Two condition-specific HRQL questionnaires have been developed to specifically assess these patients: the Maugeri Respiratory Failure Questionnaire (MRF) and the Severe Respiratory Insufficiency Questionnaire (SRI). The MRF is more advantageous in its ease of completion; conversely, the SRI measures diversified health impairments more multi-dimensionally and discriminatively with greater balance, especially in patients receiving NIV...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773291/cost-utility-of-non-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-analysis-and-implications-in-acute-respiratory-failure-a-brief-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Antonello Nicolini, Sven Stieglitz, Pierre Bou-Khalil, Antonio Esquinas
The growing interest in the quality of patient care at the levels of the health care managers, insurance companies, and health professionals is evident. Further, the growing population requires good quality health services. In this review, we analyzed the cost-effectiveness of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in an acute setting for the treatment of respiratory failure. The strength of this review is that it identified and summarized the most relevant studies regarding various aspects of the cost-utility of NIV in an acute setting...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766740/factors-predictive-of-postoperative-acute-respiratory-failure-following-inpatient-sinus-surgery
#6
Brittany N Burton, Sapideh Gilani, Matthew W Swisher, Richard D Urman, Ulrich H Schmidt, Rodney A Gabriel
OBJECTIVE: The impact of perioperative risk factors on outcomes following outpatient sinus surgery is well defined; however, risk factors and outcomes following inpatient surgery remain poorly understood. We aimed to define risk factors of postoperative acute respiratory failure following inpatient sinus surgery. METHODS: Utilizing data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database from the years 2010 to 2014, we identified patients (≥18 years of age) with an Internal Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) procedure code of sinus surgery...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765367/detection-of-bacteriophage-particles-containing-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-the-sputum-of-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#7
Maryury Brown-Jaque, Lirain Rodriguez Oyarzun, Thais Cornejo-Sánchez, Maria T Martín-Gómez, Silvia Gartner, Javier de Gracia, Sandra Rovira, Antonio Alvarez, Joan Jofre, Juan J González-López, Maite Muniesa
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a chronic disease in which the bacterial colonization of the lung is linked to an excessive inflammatory response that leads to respiratory failure. The microbiology of CF is complex. Staphylococcus aureus is the first bacterium to colonize the lungs in 30% of pediatric CF patients, and 80% of adult patients develop a chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection, but other microorganisms can also be found. The use of antibiotics is essential to treat the disease, but antibiotic performance is compromised by resistance mechanisms...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764401/management-of-acute-respiratory-failure-in-interstitial-lung-diseases-overview-and-clinical-insights
#8
REVIEW
Paola Faverio, Federica De Giacomi, Luca Sardella, Giuseppe Fiorentino, Mauro Carone, Francesco Salerno, Jousel Ora, Paola Rogliani, Giulia Pellegrino, Giuseppe Francesco Sferrazza Papa, Francesco Bini, Bruno Dino Bodini, Grazia Messinesi, Alberto Pesci, Antonio Esquinas
BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by widespread fibrotic and inflammatory abnormalities of the lung. Respiratory failure is a common complication in advanced stages or following acute worsening of the underlying disease. Aim of this review is to evaluate the current evidence in determining the best management of acute respiratory failure (ARF) in ILDs. METHODS: A literature search was performed in the Medline/PubMed and EMBASE databases to identify studies that investigated the management of ARF in ILDs (the last search was conducted on November 2017)...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740732/successful-treatment-with-idarucizumab-for-diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage-induced-by-dabigatran-etexilate-a-case-report
#9
Akihiro Shiroshita, Kei Nakashima, Yu Tanaka, Akiko Tateishi, Masahiro Nemoto, Masahiro Aoshima
We report the case of an 81-year-old man taking dabigatran etexilate (dabigatran) for chronic atrial fibrillation, who presented with acute-onset hemoptysis and hypoxia. Chest high-resolution computed tomography showed bilateral ground grass opacities. After admission, his respiratory failure progressed rapidly and bronchoalveolar lavage was performed immediately, which showed copious amounts of bloody fluid and hemosiderin-laden macrophages with Prussian blue staining. He was diagnosed as having diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738108/causes-of-shortness-of-breath-in-the-acute-patient-a-national-study
#10
Zachariah E Hale, Astha Singhal, Renee Y Hsia
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea is a common and ambiguous complaint that results in 3.4 million emergency department visits annually. While learners may encounter lists of differential diagnoses to consider while in training, often these lists are not empirically based. We sought to establish an evidence-based differential diagnosis for dyspnea and to determine whether normal vital signs can rule out a life-threatening diagnosis. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2005-2014 for emergency department visits with a chief complaint of dyspnea and tallied the principal discharge diagnosis...
May 8, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737781/epidemiology-and-prognoses-in-a-medical-intermediate-care-unit
#11
Mona Morland, Rolf Haagensen, Fredrik A Dahl, Jan-Erik Berdal
BACKGROUND: The purpose of medical intermediate care units is the observation and treatment of patients with incipient or manifest organ failure. We wished to obtain data on which conditions result in admission to these units and the prognosis for these patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: All patients admitted to the medical intermediate care unit at Akershus University Hospital in 2014 were registered prospectively with reason for admission, period of hospitalisation, degree of severity, comorbidity, last place of hospitalisation prior to medical intermediate care and treatment limitations (do-not-resuscitate order and/or do-not-intubate order)...
May 8, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737017/pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-associated-with-human-metapneumovirus-and-respiratory-syncytial-virus
#12
Thyyar M Ravindranath, Amanda Gomez, Ilana Harwayne-Gidansky, Thomas J Connors, Nathan Neill, Bruce Levin, Joy D Howell, Lisa Saiman, John S Baird
OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence, risk factors, clinical course, and outcome of ARDS in children with HMP and RSV. WORKING HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that ARDS in children with HMP was similar in incidence, risk factors, clinical course, and outcomes to ARDS in children with RSV. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study over 2 years. PATIENT-SUBJECT SELECTION: Patients included were <18 years old with HMP or RSV detected from nasopharyngeal specimens by commercial reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay admitted to a study site...
May 7, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733100/does-nalbuphine-have-a-niche-in-managing-pain
#13
Mellar P Davis, Carlos Fernandez, Sally Regel, Mary Lynn McPherson
Nalbuphine has been commercially available for 40 years for the treatment of acute pain; few studies have centered on management of chronic pain. Nalbuphine unique pharmacology is an advantage in pain management. It is µ antagonist, partial κ agonist for G-proteins and beta-arrestin-2. Benefits are related to G-protein interactions resulting in less nausea, pruritus, and respiratory depression than morphine. At low doses, nalbuphine reduces side effects particularly respiratory depression without loss of analgesia when combined with potent opioids...
March 2018: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732908/airway-anomalies-in-patients-with-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-a-5-year-review
#14
Joel W Jones, Meghan Tracy, Mollie Perryman, Jill M Arganbright
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the frequency of airway anomalies in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS). METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with 22q11DS who had undergone microlaryngoscopy/bronchoscopy (MLB) for aerodigestive symptoms at a tertiary care children's hospital from 2011 to 2016. RESULTS: Thirty patients underwent an MLB due to the following indications: aspiration (11), stridor (10), chronic respiratory failure due to ventilator dependence (8), and difficult intubation (1)...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731648/a-retrospective-comparative-analysis-of-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-carbapenem-susceptible-and-carbapenem-nonsusceptible-klebsiella-pneumoniae-bloodstream-infections-tigecycline-significantly-increases-the-mortality
#15
Tingting Xiao, Wei Yu, Tianshui Niu, Chen Huang, Yonghong Xiao
Background: Carbapenem-nonsusceptible Klebsiella pneumoniae (CnSKP) is rapidly emerging as a life-threatening nosocomial infection. The efficacy of tigecycline in the treatment of bloodstream infections (BSIs) remains controversial. Methods: Data from a total of 428 patients with carbapenem-susceptible Klebsiella pneumoniae (CSKP) and CnSKP BSIs were collected at a single center between January 2013 and December 2015. A three-part analysis was conducted to identify the risk factors associated with CnSKP, explore prognosis, and evaluate treatments...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730088/aspiration-pneumonia-and-related-syndromes
#16
REVIEW
Augustine S Lee, Jay H Ryu
Aspiration is a syndrome with variable respiratory manifestations that span acute, life-threatening illnesses, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome, to chronic, sometimes insidious, respiratory disorders such as aspiration bronchiolitis. Diagnostic testing is limited by the insensitivity of histologic testing, and although gastric biomarkers for aspiration are increasingly available, none have been clinically validated. The leading mechanism for microaspiration is thought to be gastroesophageal reflux disease, largely driven by the increased prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux across a variety of respiratory disorders, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and chronic cough...
May 2, 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727419/success-of-a-patient-and-family-centered-pediatric-specialty-care-model-for-management-of-chronic-respiratory-failure
#17
Punkaj Gupta, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719811/unusual-long-survival-despite-severe-lung-disease-of-a-child-with-biallelic-loss-of-function-mutations-in-abca-3
#18
P El Boustany, R Epaud, C Grosse, F Barriere, E Grimont-Rolland, A Carsin, J C Dubus
Homozygous or compound heterozygous for frameshift or nonsense mutations in the ATP-binding cassette transporter A3 (ABCA3) is associated with neonatal respiratory failure and death within the first year of life without lung transplantation. We report the case of a newborn baby girl who developed severe respiratory distress soon after birth. She was diagnosed with compound heterozygous frameshift mutation of the ABCA3 gene. Despite extensive treatment (intravenous corticosteroids pulse therapy, oral corticosteroids, azithromycin, and hydroxychloroquine), she developed chronic respiratory failure...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717676/lung-and-heart-sounds-analysis-state-of-the-art-and-future-trends
#19
Ana L Padilla-Ortiz, David Ibarra
Lung sounds, which include all sounds that are produced during the mechanism of respiration, may be classified into normal breath sounds and adventitious sounds. Normal breath sounds occur when no respiratory problems exist, whereas adventitious lung sounds (wheeze, rhonchi, crackle, etc.) are usually associated with certain pulmonary pathologies. Heart and lung sounds that are heard using a stethoscope are the result of mechanical interactions that indicate operation of cardiac and respiratory systems, respectively...
2018: Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715703/icu-readmission-after-cardiac-surgery-still-a-matter-of-concern
#20
Philipp Kolat, Patricia Guttenberger, Michael Ried, Julia Kapahnke, Assad Haneya, Christof Schmid, Claudius Diez
BACKGROUND:  Despite improvements in diagnostics and perioperative care, readmission to intensive care unit (ICU) after cardiac surgery is still a severe drawback for patients with considerable morbidity, mortality, and costs. Aim of this retrospective analysis was to disentangle independent risk factors for ICU readmission. MATERIAL AND METHODS:  Between 01/2004 and 12/2012, 336 out of 9,555 (3.5%) patients undergoing cardiac surgery at the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery in Regensburg (Germany) were readmitted to ICU...
May 1, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
keyword
keyword
25068
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"