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Chronic Respiratory Failure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636452/epidemiology-of-niv-for-acute-respiratory-failure-in-copd-patients-results-from-the-international-surveys-vs-the-real-world
#1
Aylin Ozsancak Ugurlu, Mehmet Ali Habesoglu
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has been recommended as the  first-line ventilation modality for acute respiratory failure (ARF) due to acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) based on strong evidence. However, everyday clinical practice may differ from findings of multiple randomized controlled trials. Physicians and respiratory therapists involved in NIV management have been queried about its utilization and effectiveness. In addition to these estimates, cohort studies and analysis of large inpatient dataset of patients with AECOPD and ARF managed with NIV have been extensively published over the last two decades...
June 21, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631088/etiologies-diagnostic-work-up-and-outcomes-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-with-no-common-risk-factor-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#2
Nicolas de Prost, Tài Pham, Guillaume Carteaux, Armand Mekontso Dessap, Christian Brun-Buisson, Eddy Fan, Giacomo Bellani, John Laffey, Alain Mercat, Laurent Brochard, Bernard Maître
BACKGROUND: Patients meeting the Berlin definition for the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) might lack exposure to one or more "common" risk factors and exhibit different clinical phenotype and outcomes. We aimed to compare the clinical presentation and outcome of ARDS patients with or without risk factors, the impact on hospital mortality, and to assess the diagnostic work-up performed. The current study is an ancillary analysis of an international, multicenter, prospective cohort study (the Large Observational Study to Understand the Global Impact of Severe Acute Respiratory Failure, LUNG SAFE)...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627353/-ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-diaphragm-structure-and-function
#3
Feifei Wang, Xiaoping Zhu, Shaolin Ma
Diaphragm is the principal respiratory muscle. Diaphragm dysfunction resulting from mechanical ventilation, chronic cardiopulmonary disease, medicine, cardio-thoracic surgery, septic shock and chronic malnutrition predisposes to weaning failure from mechanical ventilation and prolongs intensive care unit (ICU) stay. Traditionally, the method of assessment of diaphragm structure and function was invasive, lacking specific, and was difficult to be used bedside. A number of recent studies have been suggested that ultrasonographic evaluation has been proposed as an accurate, safe and noninvasive method of quantification of diaphragm structure and function...
March 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625122/a-ten-year-review-of-chronic-cor-pulmonale-secondary-to-respiratory-diseases-in-ghana
#4
Collins Oduro-Boatey, Della Adzosii
Chronic cor pulmonale is defined as right ventricular failure secondary to pulmonary hypertension. Our study reviewed all cases of chronic cor pulmonale secondary to respiratory diseases in a ten-year period (2004-20014) in the Department of Child Health, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana. Nine cases of chronic cor pulmonale were recorded during the period. The age range was 1-9 years (average age = 3 years). Obstructive sleep apnoea secondary to adenoid hypertrophy was the commonest cause of pulmonary hypertension...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623885/monitoring-the-electric-activity-of-the-diaphragm-during-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-a-case-report
#5
Fabia Diniz-Silva, Anna Miethke-Morais, Adriano M Alencar, Henrique T Moriya, Pedro Caruso, Eduardo L V Costa, Juliana C Ferreira
BACKGROUND: In patients with post-extubation respiratory distress, delayed reintubation may worsen clinical outcomes. Objective measures of extubation failure at the bedside are lacking, therefore clinical parameters are currently used to guide the need of reintubation. Electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) provides clinicians with valuable, objective information about respiratory drive and could be used to monitor respiratory effort. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a patient with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), from whom we recorded EAdi during four different ventilatory conditions: 1) invasive mechanical ventilation, 2) spontaneous breathing trial (SBT), 3) unassisted spontaneous breathing, and 4) Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NPPV)...
June 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620491/pseudo-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-presenting-as-multi-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-a-rare-complication-of-pernicious-anemia
#6
Saroj Kandel, Nibash Budhathoki, Shanta Pandey, Bikash Bhattarai, Aam Baqui, Ramesh Pandey, Divya Salhan, Danilo Enriquez, Joseph Quist, Frances M Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: We present a rare case of pernicious anemia presented as multi-organ dysfunction syndrome, later found to have pseudo-thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. METHODS: An 86-year-old female presented with respiratory distress, altered mental status, acute renal failure and was intubated in emergency room. She was found to have severe anemia, thrombocytopenia, high lactate, high lactate dehydrogenase and low haptoglobin. Peripheral smear revealed multilobulated neutrophils with schistocytes, poikilocytes and anisocytes...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620429/novel-approaches-to-ultrasonography-of-the-lung-and-pleural-space-where-are-we-now
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Lichtenstein
This review article is an update of what should be known for practicing basic lung ultrasound in the critically ill (LUCI) and is also of interest for less critical disciplines (e.g. pulmonology). It pinpoints on the necessity of a professional machine (not necessarily a sophisticated one) and probe. It lists the 10 main signs of LUCI and some of the main protocols made possible using LUCI: the BLUE protocol for a respiratory failure, the FALLS protocol for a circulatory failure, the SESAME protocol for a cardiac arrest and the investigation of a ventilated acute respiratory distress syndrome patient, etc...
June 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616421/cystic-fibrosis-prevalence-among-a-group-of-high-risk-children-in-the-main-referral-children-hospital-in-iran
#8
Mohammad Reza Modaresi, Jamal Faghinia, Mohsen Reisi, Majid Keivanfar, Shiva Navaie, Javad Seyyedi, Faride Baharzade
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about cystic fibrosis (CF) in Iran is very limited. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of CF among a group of high-risk children with suggestive clinical features in the main referral hospital in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study children consisted of 505 patients who had presented with one or more of the following symptoms: chronic or recurrent respiratory symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms as rectal prolapse, steatorrhea, hepatobiliary disease as prolonged jaundice, failure to thrive, hyperglycemia and glycosuria, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, hypoprothrombinemia, anemia or edema, and positive family history of CF...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603718/impact-of-sleep-apnea-on-in-hospital-outcomes-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-insight-from-national-inpatient-sample-database-2011-2014
#9
Ilhwan Yeo, Hasan Ahmad, Wilbert S Aronow
BACKGROUND: Sleep apnea is associated with worse outcomes following various kinds of surgeries. There is a paucity of data on the association of sleep apnea with clinical outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: We used National Inpatient Sample (NIS) data 2011-2014 to identify patients undergoing TAVR. Association between sleep apnea and in-hospital postoperative outcomes were assessed by multivariate logistic regression and 1:1 propensity score matching analyses...
May 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600234/rescsrf-algorithm-to-automatically-extract-cheyne-stokes-respiration-features-from-respiratory-signals
#10
Faizan Javed, Henrik Fox
OBJECTIVE: Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) related features are significantly associated with cardiac dysfunction. Scoring of these features is labor-intensive and time-consuming. To automate the scoring process, an algorithm (ResCSRF) has been developed to extract these features from nocturnal measurement of respiratory signals. METHODS: ResCSRF takes 4 signals (nasal flow, thorax, abdomen and finger oxygen saturation) as input. It first detects CSR cycles and then calculates the respiratory features [cyclelength (CL), lung-to-periphery circulation time (LPCT) and time to peak flow (TTPF)]...
June 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591969/-clinical-presentations-and-prognostic-factors-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-with-sepsis-admitted-to-intensive-care-unit
#11
Xiao-Lie Yang, Xue-Lian Liao, Li Han, Yan Kang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics and prognostic factors associated with the death of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with sepsis in intensive care unit(ICU). METHODS: Clinical and laboratory documents of SLE patients with sepsis from Jan 2010 to Dec 2014 were retrospectively analyzed, including active organ involvement, systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) score, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) Ⅱ score, sites of infection and organisms cultured...
July 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588383/comparison-of-different-disease-specific-health-related-quality-of-life-measurements-in-patients-with-long-term-noninvasive-ventilation
#12
Toru Oga, Hiroyuki Taniguchi, Hideo Kita, Tomomasa Tsuboi, Keisuke Tomii, Morihide Ando, Eiji Kojima, Hiromi Tomioka, Yoshio Taguchi, Yusuke Kaji, Ryoji Maekura, Toru Hiraga, Naoki Sakai, Tomoki Kimura, Michiaki Mishima, Wolfram Windisch, Kazuo Chin
BACKGROUND: Two disease-specific questionnaires have been developed to assess health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with chronic respiratory failure: the Severe Respiratory Insufficiency (SRI) Questionnaire and the Maugeri Respiratory Failure (MRF) Questionnaire. We aimed to compare the characteristics of the SRI, MRF-26, and St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) for use in patients with home noninvasive ventilation (NIV). METHODS: Fifty-six outpatients receiving long-term NIV were recruited and underwent assessments of pulmonary function, arterial blood gas, HRQL, dyspnea, and psychological status...
2017: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583555/veno-arterial-venous-hybrid-mode-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-combined-with-septic-shock-in-a-liver-transplant-patient-a-case-report
#13
J-I Park, B-H Jung, S-G Lee
BACKGROUND: Post-operative respiratory failure is common in liver transplant patients, with a direct effect on graft and recipient outcomes. We present a case of successful treatment for a patient who had acute respiratory distress syndrome combined with septic shock after living-donor liver transplantation with veno-arterial-venous hybrid mode of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. METHODS: A 49-year-old male patient underwent successful emergency living-donor liver transplantation for acute-on-chronic liver failure associated with alcoholic liver cirrhosis...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582317/acute-exacerbations-of-interstitial-lung-disease-lessons-from-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#14
Paolo Spagnolo, Wim Wuyts
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an update on acute exacerbation of interstitial lung disease (ILD), with a focus on idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), in the light of the recently revised definition of acute exacerbation-IPF. Strengths and limitations of the current definition of acute exacerbation-IPF are also discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Clinically, acute exacerbation-IPFs are highly relevant events with a mortality rate of approximately 50%...
June 2, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577668/characterization-of-hemodynamically-stable-acute-heart-failure-patients-requiring-a-critical-care-unit-admission-derivation-validation-and-refinement-of-a-risk-score
#15
Ismail R Raslan, Paul Brown, Cynthia M Westerhout, Justin A Ezekowitz, Adrian F Hernandez, Randall C Starling, Christopher O'Connor, Finlay A McAlister, Brian H Rowe, Paul W Armstrong, Sean van Diepen
BACKGROUND: Most patients with acute heart failure (AHF) admitted to critical care units (CCUs) are low acuity and do not require CCU-specific therapies, suggesting that they could be managed in a lower-cost ward environment. This study identified the predictors of clinical events and the need for CCU-specific therapies in patients with AHF. METHODS: Model derivation was performed using data from patients in the ASCEND-HF trial cohort (n=7,141), and the Acute Heart Failure Emergency Management community-based registry (n=666) was used to externally validate the model and to test the incremental prognostic utility of 4 variables (heart failure etiology, troponin, B-type natriuretic peptide [BNP], ejection fraction) using net reclassification index and integrated discrimination improvement...
June 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573445/cardiac-arrhythmias-in-patients-with-exacerbation-of-copd
#16
Tomasz Rusinowicz, Tadeusz M Zielonka, Katarzyna Zycinska
Supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias are common among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Multiple factors can contribute to the development of arrhythmias in patients with exacerbation of the disease, including: respiratory or heart failure, hypertension, coronary disease and also medications. In the present study we seek to determine the prevalence of cardiac arrhythmias and risk factors among patients with exacerbation of COPD. The study was a retrospective evaluation of 2753 24-h Holter recordings of patients hospitalized in 2004-2016...
June 2, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566610/an-autopsy-case-of-respiratory-failure-induced-by-repetitive-cervical-spinal-cord-damage-due-to-abnormal-movement-of-the-neck-in-athetoid-cerebral-palsy
#17
Yo-Ichi Takei, Hiroshi Koshihara, Kenya Oguchi, Kiyomitsu Oyanagi, Shinji Ohara
We herein report the clinical and autopsy findings of a 48-year-old right-handed man with athetoid cerebral palsy who suffered from cervical myelopathy due to abnormal neck movement, and who died of respiratory failure. Pathologically, the external appearance of the ventral surface of the cervical spinal cord revealed a linear indentation running obliquely at the level between the C4 and C5 segments. In the most severely compressed lesion, the gray matter was predominantly affected and severely atrophic. Microscopically, clusters of oligodendrocytes associated with thinly myelinated axons were also observed in the lateral funiculus...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562381/respiratory-involvement-in-neuromuscular-disorders
#18
Matthias Boentert, Stephan Wenninger, Valeria A Sansone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In numerous neuromuscular disorders (NMDs), respiratory muscle weakness is present, and acute or chronic respiratory failure may evolve. Very often, respiratory involvement substantially adds to the burden of disease, impairs quality of life, or reduces life expectancy. This article summarizes new aspects of both diagnosis and management of respiratory muscle weakness in patients with NMDs. RECENT FINDINGS: Drugs like deflazacort, ataluren, eteplirsen, and nusinersen are now approved treatments for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy and Spinal Muscular Atrophy, and others are on their way in NMDs...
May 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555879/impact-of-liver-disease-on-outcomes-of-patients-hospitalized-for-epistaxis
#19
Omar M Mohamed, Aparna Govindan, Andrey Filimonov, Michael J Sylvester, Michael Zaki, Soly Baredes, Jean Anderson Eloy
OBJECTIVES: Liver disease (LD) often results in coagulation abnormalities that may predispose to more severe epistaxis. The purpose of this analysis was to examine characteristics of patients hospitalized for epistaxis with LD and explore the impact of LD on patient outcomes. METHODS: The 2002 to 2013 National Inpatient Sample was queried for cases with a primary diagnosis of epistaxis. Cases with additional codes meeting the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's definition of LD were identified and compared to the non-LD cohort...
May 29, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555180/risk-factors-for-neurocognitive-functioning-in-children-with-autosomal-recessive-polycystic-kidney-disease
#20
REVIEW
Stephen R Hooper
This mini review provides an overview of the issues and challenges inherent in autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), with a particular focus on the neurological factors and neurocognitive functioning of this population. ARPKD typically is discovered at the end of pregnancy or during the neonatal developmental period and occurs in approximately 1 in 20,000 live births. During the neonatal period, there is a relatively high risk of death, with many infants dying from respiratory failure. As the child ages, they experience progressive kidney disease and become increasingly vulnerable to liver disease, with many individuals eventually requiring dual organ transplants...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
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