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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095774/multiple-focal-and-macroreentrant-left-atrial-tachycardias-originating-from-a-spontaneous-scar-at-the-contiguous-aorta-left-atrium-area-in-a-patient-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-case-report
#1
Kyoichiro Yazaki, Yoichi Ajiro, Fumiaki Mori, Masahiro Watanabe, Kei Tsukamoto, Takashi Saito, Keiko Mizobuchi, Kazunori Iwade
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous scar-related left atrial tachycardia (AT) is a rare arrhythmia. We describe a patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) who developed multiple, both focal and macroreentrant left ATs associated with a spontaneous scar located at the aorta-left atrium (LA) contiguous area. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old man with HCM complained of palpitations. Twelve-lead electrocardiogram showed narrow QRS tachycardia with 2:1 atrioventricular conduction...
January 17, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069835/multielectrode-vs-point-by-point-mapping-for-ventricular-tachycardia-substrate-ablation-a-randomized-study
#2
Juan Acosta, Diego Penela, David Andreu, Mario Cabrera, Alicia Carlosena, Francesca Vassanelli, Francisco Alarcón, David Soto-Iglesias, Viatcheslav Korshunov, Roger Borras, Markus Linhart, Mikel Martínez, Juan Fernández-Armenta, Lluis Mont, Antonio Berruezo
AIMS: Ventricular tachycardia (VT) substrate ablation is based on detailed electroanatomical maps (EAM). This study analyses whether high-density multielectrode mapping (MEM) is superior to conventional point-by-point mapping (PPM) in guiding VT substrate ablation procedures. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a randomized controlled study (NCT02083016). Twenty consecutive ischemic patients undergoing VT substrate ablation were randomized to either group A [n = 10; substrate mapping performed first by PPM (Navistar) and secondly by MEM (PentaRay) ablation guided by PPM] or group B [n = 10; substrate mapping performed first by MEM and second by PPM ablation guided by MEM]...
January 8, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066827/optimized-left-ventricular-endocardial-stimulation%C3%A2-is-superior-to-optimized-epicardial%C3%A2-stimulation-in-ischemic-patients-with%C3%A2-poor-response-to-cardiac-resynchronization%C3%A2-therapy-a%C3%A2-combined-magnetic-resonance-imaging-electroanatomic%C3%A2-contact-mapping-and-hemodynamic
#3
Jonathan M Behar, Tom Jackson, Eoin Hyde, Simon Claridge, Jaswinder Gill, Julian Bostock, Manav Sohal, Bradley Porter, Mark O'Neill, Reza Razavi, Steve Niederer, Christopher Aldo Rinaldi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify the optimal pacing site for the left ventricular (LV) lead in ischemic patients with poor response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). BACKGROUND: LV endocardial pacing may offer benefit over conventional CRT in ischemic patients. METHODS: We performed cardiac magnetic resonance, invasive electroanatomic mapping (EAM), and measured the acute hemodynamic response (AHR) in patients with existing CRT systems...
December 2016: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054727/direct-comparison-of-point-by-point-and-rapid-ultra-high-resolution-electroanatomical-mapping-in-patients-scheduled-for-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation
#4
Laura Rottner, Andreas Metzner, Feifan Ouyang, Christian Heeger, Kentaro Hayashi, Thomas Fink, Christine Lemes, Shibu Mathew, Tilman Maurer, Bruno REIßMANN, Enida Rexha, Johannes Riedl, Ardan M Saguner, Francesco Santoro, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Christian Sohns
INTRODUCTION: 3D electroanatomical mapping (EAM) is an established tool facilitating catheter ablation. In this context the novel Rhythmia system sets a new bar in fast high-resolution mapping. The aim of this study was to directly compare point-by-point versus rapid ultra high-resolution EAM in patients scheduled for ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) with focus on procedural data, acute success and mid-term clinical outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total number of 74 consecutive patients (48/74 male) with symptomatic AF were scheduled to undergo pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using either Carto or Rhythmia...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045674/play-the-map-ablation-of-a-macro-reentrant-atrial-tachycardia-in-a-patient-after-senning-repair-for-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#5
Emre Yalcinkaya, Firat Duru, Matthias Greutmann, Thomas Wolber
A 50-year-old male patient who had undergone Senning repair for transposition of the great arteries at the age of 7 years was referred to our electrophysiology lab with recurrent supraventricular tachycardias. Fast anatomical mapping of the systemic venous atrium was performed with the CARTO electroanatomical mapping system. Propagation mapping with animated dynamic maps facilitates the understanding of the underlying mechanism and provides visualization of reentrant circuits of tachycardias in cardiac chambers with native barriers and surgical scars...
January 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026917/voltage-combined-with-pace-mapping-is-simple-and-effective-for-ablation-of-noninducible-premature-ventricular-contractions-originating-from-the-right-ventricular-outflow-tract
#6
Zefeng Wang, Heping Zhang, Hui Peng, Xuhua Shen, Zhijun Sun, Can Zhao, Ruiqing Dong, Huikuan Gao, Yongquan Wu
BACKGROUND: Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) can resist conventional mapping strategies. Studies regarding optimal mapping and ablation methods for patients with noninducible RVOT-PVCs are limited. We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of a novel mapping strategy for these cases: voltage mapping combined with pace mapping. HYPOTHESIS: METHODS: We retrospectively included symptomatic patients (n = 148; 76 males; age, 44...
December 2016: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011837/non-invasive-model-based-measures-of-ventricular-electrical-dyssynchrony-for-predicting-crt-outcomes
#7
Christopher T Villongco, David E Krummen, Jeffrey H Omens, Andrew D McCulloch
AIMS: Left ventricular activation delay due to left bundle branch block (LBBB) is an important determinant of the severity of dyssynchronous heart failure (DHF). We investigated whether patient-specific computational models constructed from non-invasive measurements can provide measures of baseline dyssynchrony and its reduction after CRT that may explain the degree of long-term reverse ventricular remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS: LV end-systolic volume reduction (ΔESVLV) measured by 2D trans-thoracic echocardiography in eight patients following 6 months of CRT was significantly (P < 0...
December 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997060/comparison-of-left-atrial-bipolar-voltage-and-scar-using-multielectrode-fast-automated-mapping-versus-point-by-point-contact-electroanatomic-mapping-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-undergoing-repeat-ablation
#8
Jackson J Liang, Melissa A Elafros, Daniele Muser, Rajeev K Pathak, Pasquale Santangeli, Gregory E Supple, Robert D Schaller, David S Frankel, Sanjay Dixit
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar voltage criteria to delineate left atrial (LA) scar have been derived using point-by-point (PBP) contact electroanatomical mapping. It remains unclear how PBP-derived LA scar correlates with multielectrode fast automated mapping (ME-FAM) derived scar. We aimed to correlate scar and bipolar voltages from LA maps created using PBP versus ME-FAM. METHODS AND RESULTS: In consecutive patients undergoing repeat AF ablation, 2 separate LA maps were created using PBP and ME-FAM during sinus rhythm before ablation...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995637/active-atrial-function-and-atrial-scar-burden-after-multiple-catheter-ablations-of-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#9
Jana M Nührich, Anne C Geisler, Daniel Steven, Boris A Hoffmann, Benjamin Schäffer, Gunnar Lund, Christian Stehning, Ulf K Radunski, Arian Sultan, Michael Schwarzl, Gerhard Adam, Stephan Willems, Kai Muellerleile
BACKGROUND: Extensive and repeated substrate modification (SM) is frequently performed as an ablation strategy in persistent atrial fibrillation (persAF). The effect of these extended ablation strategies on atrial function has not been investigated sufficiently so far. The purpose was to assess atrial function by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and its association with left atrial (LA) scar burden by electroanatomical voltage-mapping after multiple persAF ablation procedures. METHODS: We included 16 persAF-patients who had ≥ 2 SM procedures and a control group (CG) of 21 persAF-patients without prior ablation...
December 20, 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991673/cryoballoon-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-a-practical-and-effective-approach
#10
REVIEW
George Georgiopoulos, Dimitris Tsiachris, Antonis S Manolis
Medical management of atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common arrhythmia in the general population, has had modest efficacy in controlling symptoms and restoring and maintaining sinus rhythm. Since the seminal observation in 1998 that pulmonary veins host the triggers of AF in the majority of cases, electrical isolation of all pulmonary veins constitutes the cornerstone of ablation in patients with symptomatic AF. However, due to the elaborate and tedious technique of the conventional point-by-point method with radiofrequency ablation guided by electroanatomical mapping, newer, more versatile single-shot techniques, such as cryoballoon ablation, have been sought and developed over recent years and are progressively prevailing...
December 19, 2016: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989791/coronary-sinus-activation-patterns-in-patients-with-and-without-left-bundle-branch-block-undergoing-electroanatomic-mapping-system-guided-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-device-implantation
#11
Maurizio Del Greco, Alessandro Zorzi, Irene Di Matteo, Anna Cima, Massimiliano Maines, Carlo Angheben, Domenico Catanzariti
BACKGROUND: implantation of the left ventricular (LV) lead in segments with delayed electrical activation may improve response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). OBJECTIVE: to evaluate amount and regional distribution of LV electrical delay (LVED) in patients with or without left bundle branch block (LBBB). METHODS: we enrolled 60 patients who underwent electroanatomic mapping system-guided CRT implantation. Activation mapping of the coronary sinus (CS) branches was performed using an insulated guide wire...
October 27, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982678/disparity-between-two-dimensional-echocardiographic-and-electroanatomic-left-and-right-atrial-volumes-in-patients-undergoing-catheter-ablation-for-long-standing-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#12
L Škňouřil, Š Havránek, V Bulková, M Dorda, T Paleček, J Šimek, Z Fingrová, A Linhart, J Januška, D Wichterle, M Fiala
Left atrial (LA) volume (LAV) is used for the selection of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) to rhythm control strategies. Calculation of LAV from the LA diameters and areas by two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography may result in significant error. Accuracy of atrial volume assessment has never been studied in patients with long-standing persistent AF (LSPAF) and significant atrial remodeling. This study investigated correlation and agreement between 2D echocardiographic (Simpson method) and electroanatomic (CARTO, Biosense Webster) left and right atrial (RA) volumes (LAV(ECHO) vs...
December 16, 2016: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932238/gender-differences-in-patients-with-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-dysplasia-cardiomyopathy-clinical-manifestations-electrophysiological-properties-substrate-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-radiofrequency-catheter-ablation
#13
Chin-Yu Lin, Fa-Po Chung, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Tze-Fan Chao, Jo-Nan Liao, Yao-Ting Chang, Yun-Yu Chen, Rohit Walia, Abigail Louise D Te, Shinya Yamada, Shih-Ann Chen
BACKGROUND: Gender differences in the penetrance and clinical expression of genetic mutations have been reported in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular (RV) dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C). Our study aimed at clarifying the impact of gender on ventricular substrates and clinical outcomes after radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA). METHODS: Patients with ARVD/C underwent RFCA for drug-refractory ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) were consecutively enrolled...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922815/successful-cryoablation-of-an-anteroseptal-accessory-pathway-guided-by-electroanatomical-activation-mapping
#14
Emre Yalcinkaya, Stephan Winnik, Laurent Haegeli, Corinna Brunckhorst, Firat Duru
The use of electroanatomical mapping can facilitate the identification of the ideal cryoablation site by providing a three-dimensional map of the earliest activation site. Combined use of the cryoablation technology with electroanatomical mapping can further increase the precision and safety of the procedure by applying test applications at a lower energy level.
December 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909489/advanced-mapping-systems-to-guide-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-electrical-information-that-matters
#15
REVIEW
Sotirios Nedios Md, Philipp Sommer Md, Andreas Bollmann Md PhD, Gerhard Hindricks Md
Catheter ablation is an established and widespread treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF). Contemporary electroanatomical mapping systems (EAMs) have been developed to facilitate mapping processes but remain limited by spatiotemporal and processing restrictions. Advanced mapping systems emerged from the need to better understand and ablate complex AF substrate, by improving the acquisition and illustration of electrophysiological information. In this review, we present you the recently advanced mapping systems for AF ablation in comparison to the established contemporary EAMs...
April 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890738/ventricular-arrhythmias-associated-with-left-ventricular-noncompaction-electrophysiologic-characteristics-mapping-and-ablation
#16
Daniele Muser, Jackson J Liang, Walter Rt Witschey, Rajeev K Pathak, Simon Castro, Silvia Magnani, Erica S Zado, Fermin C Garcia, Benoit Desjardins, David J Callans, David S Frankel, Francis E Marchlinski, Pasquale Santangeli
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a primary cardiomyopathy that can present with recurrent ventricular arrhythmias (VAs). Data on the benefit of catheter ablation of VAs in LVNC are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the electrophysiologic features and outcomes of catheter ablation of VAs in LVNC. METHODS: The cohort consisted of 9 patients (age 42 ± 15 years) with diagnosis of LVNC based on established criteria and VA (ventricular tachycardia [VT] in 3 and frequent premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) in 6) despite treatment with a mean of 2 ± 1 antiarrhythmic drugs...
November 24, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885742/catheter-ablation-in-the-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-associated-with-occlusion-of-left-anterior-descending-coronary-artery
#17
Daniel Benhayon, Eyal Nof, William W Chik, Francis Marchlinski
Major vessel injury during right ventricular outflow tract ablation is not something widely recognized, and routine evaluation of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) location in relation to the septal right ventricle is not routinely performed. In the present article we report a case of acute LAD occlusion after RVOT ablation and then illustrate the intimately close relationship of the left anterior descending artery to the anterior septal site of the RVOT (∼ 2-3 cm under the pulmonic valve), using a combination of intracardiac echocardiography and 3D electroanatomical mapping (EAM) recorded during a second case, in order to specifically point to the area at risk...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870969/preliminary-experience-with-high-density-electroanatomical-mapping-for-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-comparison-of-mini-basket-and-novel-open-irrigated-magnetic-ablation-catheter-in-consecutive-patients
#18
Jedrzej Kosiuk, Sebastian Hilbert, Silke John, Livio Bertagnolli, Gerhard Hindricks, Andreas Bollmann
BACKGROUND: Recently, a novel electroanatomic mapping system enabling rapid and automatic acquisition of high-resolution maps has been introduced. Previous reports focused on system use in combination with a mini-basket catheter. However, a novel system-specific, magnet-enabled ablation catheter eliminates the need for the mini-basket catheter and can potentially reduce procedure complexity and cost. Here we present our first experience from two consecutive case series using both procedural settings...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867071/evaluation-of-a-novel-high-resolution-mapping-system-for-catheter-ablation-of-ventricular-arrhythmias
#19
Karthik Viswanathan, Lilian Mantziari, Charles Butcher, Emily Hodkinson, Eric Lim, Habib Khan, Sandeep Panikker, Shouvik Haldar, Julian W E Jarman, David G Jones, Wajid Hussain, John P Foran, Vias Markides, Tom Wong
BACKGROUND: The mapping of ventricular arrhythmias in humans using a minibasket 64-electrode catheter paired with a novel automatic mapping system (Rhythmia) has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of mapping ventricular arrhythmias and clinical outcomes after ablation using this system. METHODS: Electroanatomic maps for ventricular arrhythmias were obtained during 20 consecutive procedures in 19 patients (12 with ventricular tachycardia [VT] and 2 with ventricular ectopy [VE])...
November 17, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862594/three-dimensional-electroanatomic-mapping-system-enhanced-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-device-implantation-results-from-a-multicenter-registry
#20
Maurizio Del Greco, Massimiliano Maines, Massimiliano Marini, Andrea Colella, Massimo Zecchin, Laura Vitali-Serdoz, Alessandro Blandino, Lorella Barbonaglia, Giuseppe Allocca, Roberto Mureddu, Biondino Marenna, Paolo Rossi, Diego Vaccari, Roberto Chianca, Stefano Indiani, Irene DI Matteo, Carlo Angheben, Alessandro Zorzi
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device implantation guided by an electroanatomic mapping system (EAMS) is an emerging technique that may reduce fluoroscopy and angiography use and provide information on coronary sinus (CS) electrical activation. We evaluated the outcome of the EAMS-guided CRT implantation technique in a multicenter registry. METHODS: During the period 2011-2014 we enrolled 125 patients (80% males, age 74 [71-77] years) who underwent CRT implantation by using the EnSite system to create geometric models of the patient's cardiac chambers, build activation mapping of the CS, and guide leads positioning...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
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