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Amoxicillin-clavulanate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722485/characterization-of-nontyphoidal-salmonella-isolates-from-asymptomatic-migrant-food-handlers-in-peninsular-malaysia
#1
Pei Yee Woh, Kwai Lin Thong, Jerzy Marian Behnke, John Watkin Lewis, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
Asymptomatic Salmonella carriers who work as food handlers pose food safety and public health risks, particularly during food preparation, and this has serious implications for the disease burden in society. Therefore, we conducted a study to determine the number of Salmonella carriers in a migrant cohort in several food establishments in three major cities in Peninsular Malaysia. Sociodemographic data and stool samples were collected and analyzed using standard methods of detection and isolation. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests of the positive samples were also performed...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720045/neonatal-acute-paronychia
#2
Luke Grome, Gregory Borah
BACKGROUND: Paronychia is defined as infection afflicting the eponychial nail folds of the hand or foot. Such infections are rarely reported in the perinatal age group, and not previously described in a neonate younger than 2 weeks. Trauma resulting in inoculation of the nail fold is the most common predisposing factor to paronychia. Oral trauma in the pediatric population from finger sucking predisposes this population to a different set of bacterial pathogens than adults. Contamination can progress to infection and abscess formation within the nail fold with the most prevalent vector in adult infections being Staphylococcus aureus...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717309/molecular-characterization-of-antibiotic-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-from-livestock-bovine-and-swine
#3
Asima Zehra, Randhir Singh, Simranpreet Kaur, J P S Gill
AIM: The aim of this study was to figure the prevalence, phenotypic and genotypic antibiotic resistance (AR) pattern of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bovine and swine nares. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Colonies with typical morphology on Baird-Parker agar supplemented with egg-yolk tellurite emulsion were selected and biochemically/genotypically identified as S. aureus. These strains were further subjected to epsilometer test for their sensitivity to various clinically important antibiotics and antibiotic susceptibility testing for amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, and double-disk diffusion testing was performed by the standard disc diffusion method following CLSI guidelines...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713083/regional-features-of-the-microbial-landscape-of-urine-and-comparative-evaluation-of-antimicrobial-therapy-in-children-with-cystitis
#4
Tetyana O Kryuchko, Vira P Kharshman, Inna M Nesina, Nataliia V Kuzmenko, Jaroslava M Oleksiienko
INTRODUCTION: Growing resistance of pathogens to antibiotics, including cross-resistance to other antimicrobial classes that are used in the treatment of recurrent infections of the lower urinary system in children demands constant control of issues of regional antibiotic resistance. In the present days, in the empirical treatment of such patients physicians still choose medications with preserved activity in relation to E. coli. The aim of our study was to investigate the regional features of microbial landscape of urine in children with cystitis and study the efficacy of 7-day administration of Furamag medicinal drug for the treatment of recurrent episodes of this disease in children...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702079/rare-bacterial-isolates-causing-bloodstream-infections-in-ethiopian-patients-with-cancer
#5
Balew Arega, Yimtubezinash Wolde-Amanuel, Kelemework Adane, Ezra Belay, Abdulaziz Abubeker, Daniel Asrat
BACKGROUND: In recent years, saprophytic bacteria have been emerging as potential human pathogens causing life-threatening infections in patients with malignancies. However, evidence is lacking concerning such bacteria, particularly in sub-Saharan countries. This study was designed to determine the spectrum and drug resistance profile of the rare bacterial pathogens causing bloodstream infections (BSIs) in febrile cancer patients at a referral hospital in Ethiopia. METHODS: Between December 2011 and June 2012, blood samples were collected from 107 patients with cancer in Tikur Anbessa hospital...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694403/interesting-presentation-of-kounis-syndrome-secondary-to-amoxicillin-clavulanate-use-coronary-vasospasm-and-simultaneous-appropriate-implantable-defibrillator-shock
#6
Uğur Canpolat, Duygu Koçyiğit, Kudret Aytemir
Kounis syndrome (KS) is defined as concurrent acute coronary syndrome and allergic or hypersensitivity reactions. Despite being increasingly reported, it is still an underdiagnosed entity. Several medications are already known to result in KS. Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid is a frequently used antibiotic, and its use has been linked with KS. The aim of the present report was to draw attention to rare clinical manifestation of KS following peroral amoxicillin/clavulanate use.
July 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692641/poor-efficacy-of-preemptive-amoxicillin-clavulanate-for-preventing-secondary-infection-from-bothrops-snakebites-in-the-brazilian-amazon-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Jacqueline A G Sachett, Iran Mendonça da Silva, Eliane Campos Alves, Sâmella S Oliveira, Vanderson S Sampaio, Fábio Francesconi do Vale, Gustavo Adolfo Sierra Romero, Marcelo Cordeiro Dos Santos, Hedylamar Oliveira Marques, Mônica Colombini, Ana Maria Moura da Silva, Fan Hui Wen, Marcus V G Lacerda, Wuelton M Monteiro, Luiz C L Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Secondary bacterial infections from snakebites contribute to the high complication rates that can lead to permanent function loss and disabilities. Although common in endemic areas, routine empirical prophylactic use of antibiotics aiming to prevent secondary infection lacks a clearly defined policy. The aim of this work was to estimate the efficacy of amoxicillin clavulanate for reducing the secondary infection incidence in patients bitten by Bothrops snakes, and, secondarily, identify risk factors for secondary infections from snakebites in the Western Brazilian Amazon...
July 10, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681987/single-run-capillary-electrophoresis-method-for-the-fast-simultaneous-determination-of-amoxicillin-clavulanate-and-potassium
#8
Mariana C Marra, Rafael R Cunha, Rodrigo A A Muñoz, Alex D Batista, Eduardo M Richter
We report a new fast method for the simultaneous determination of amoxicillin, clavulanate and potassium by capillary electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection. Samples containing potassium as the cation and both amoxicillin and clavulanate as anions were determined simultaneously in a single run (in less than 45 s) using 10 mmol L(-1) of both 2-amino-2-hydroxymethyl-propane-1,3-diol and 3-[{2-hydroxy-1,1-bis(hydroxymethyl)ethyl}amino]-1-propanesulfonic acid (pH 8.4) as the background electrolyte...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680500/treatment-challenges-of-group-a-beta-hemolytic-streptococcal-pharyngo-tonsillitis
#9
REVIEW
Itzhak Brook
Introduction  Despite its in vitro efficacy, penicillin often fails to eradicate Group A β-hemolytic streptococci (GABHS) from patients with acute and relapsing pharyngo-tonsillitis (PT). Objective  This review of the literature details the causes of penicillin failure to eradicate GABHS PT and the therapeutic modalities to reduce and overcome antimicrobial failure. Data Synthesis  The causes of penicillin failure in eradicating GABHS PT include the presence of β lactamase producing bacteria (BLPB) that "protect" GABHS from any penicillin; the absence of bacteria that interfere with the growth of GABHS; co-aggregation between GABHS and Moraxella catarrhalis; and the poor penetration of penicillin into the tonsillar tissues and the tonsillo-pharyngeal cells, which allows intracellular GABHS and Staphylococcus aureus to survive...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678899/incidence-of-phlebitis-and-post-infusion-phlebitis-in-hospitalised-adults
#10
Janete de Souza Urbanetto, Franciele de Oliveira Minuto Muniz, Renata Martins da Silva, Ana Paula Christo de Freitas, Ana Paula Ribeiro de Oliveira, Jessica de Cassia Ramos Dos Santos
Objective: to determine the incidence of phlebitis during and after the use of peripheral intravenous catheter (PIC), and analyse the association of this complication with risk factors. Methods: cohort study with 165 adult patients admitted to a university hospital in Porto Alegre, totalling 447 accesses, from December 2014 to February 2015. Data were collected on a daily basis and analysed by means of descriptive and analytical statistics. Results: The incidence of phlebitis during PIC was 7...
June 29, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670644/carriage-of-multidrug-resistant-enterococcus-faecium-and-enterococcus-faecalis-among-apparently-healthy-humans
#11
Solayide A Adesida, Cynthia C Ezenta, Ajoke O Adagbada, Amudat A Aladesokan, Akitoye O Coker
BACKGROUND: Enterococci are indigenous flora of the gastro-intestinal tracts of animals and humans. Recently, interest in two major species, E. faecium and E. faecalis, has heightened because of their ability to cause serious infections and their intrinsic resistance to antimicrobials. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence of E. faecium and E. faecalis in human faecal samples and evaluating the susceptibility of the isolates to antibiotics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred faecal samples were collected from apparently healthy individuals and analysed using conventionalbacteriological methods...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670637/serotyping-and-antimicrobial-drug-resistance-of-salmonella-isolated-from-lettuce-and-human-diarrhea-samples-in-burkina-faso
#12
Somda Namwin Siourimè, Bonkoungou Ouindgueta Juste Isidore, Traoré Oumar, Bassolé Ismael Henri Nestor, Traoré Yves, Barro Nicolas, Savadogo Aly
BACKGROUND: In Burkina Faso dirty water in particular those of the stoppings and the gutter ones are used for vegetables irrigation in the gardens. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella serotypes from humans and lettuce samples inBurkina Faso. Materials and Methods:Salmonella strains isolated from patients in 2009 to 2015 and lettuce samples in 2014 in Burkina Faso were serotyped using specific antisera. All strains were subjected to a set of 14 antibiotics to study their antibiogram by using Baeur-Kirby disk diffusion method...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670346/molecular-characterization-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-from-stool-specimens-of-outpatients-in-sentinel-hospitals-beijing-china-2010-2015
#13
Bing Lu, Haijian Zhou, Xin Zhang, Mei Qu, Ying Huang, Quanyi Wang
BACKGROUND: Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) is an opportunistic pathogen associated with community-acquired infections and nosocomial infections. From 2010 to 2015, K. pneumoniae testing was included into the exiting diarrhea-syndrome surveillance with objective to estimate the prevalence of K. pneumoniae in diarrhea-syndrome patients, test antibiotics susceptibility and investigate molecular characteristics. METHODS: Stool specimens from diarrhea-syndrome outpatients were cultured and identified the pathogens by the Vitek2 Compact instrument...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668708/a-case-of-severe-empyema-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-caused-by-slackia-exigua-requiring-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#14
M Y Man, H P Shum, Alan Wu, R A Lee, W W Yan
Slackia exigua (S. exigua) is an obligatory anaerobic coccobacillus under the family of Coriobacteriaceae. It is a rare cause of pyogenic extraoral infections. We report a 58-year-old lady with good past health presented with fulminant community-acquired pneumonia causing acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by S. exigua requiring veno-venous extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO). Bacterial identification can be challenging and often require 16 S rRNA and MALDI-TOF MS. The patient was treated with amoxicillin-clavulanic acid according to sensitivity and made significant recovery...
June 28, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668698/aggregatibacter-actinomycetemcomitans-serotype-prevalence-and-antibiotic-resistance-in-a-uk-population-with-periodontitis
#15
Chaido Akrivopoulou, Ingrid M Green, Nikolaos Donos, Sean P Nair, Derren Ready
OBJECTIVES: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans is a recognised pathogen involved in aggressive periodontitis. Seven serotypes of A. actinomycetemcomitans exist with a range of virulence and distribution dependent on ethnicity and geography. The ability of A. actinomycetemcomitans to invade soft tissue can necessitate the use of systemic antibiotics for treatment, however variations in its antibiotic susceptibility exist dependent on geographical location. METHODS: Serotypes of A...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666536/a-cost-utility-analysis-of-5-strategies-for-the-management-of-acute-otitis-media-in-children
#16
Nader Shaikh, Emily E Dando, Mark L Dunleavy, Dorothy L Curran, Judith M Martin, Alejandro Hoberman, Kenneth J Smith
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether antimicrobial therapy in young children with acute otitis media reduces time to resolution of symptoms, overall symptom burden, and persistence of otoscopic evidence of infection. We used a cost-utility model to evaluate whether immediate antimicrobial treatment seems to be worthwhile, and if so, which antimicrobial agent is most cost effective. STUDY DESIGN: We compared the cost per quality-adjusted life-day of 5 treatment regimens in children younger than 2 years of age with acute otitis media: immediate amoxicillin/clavulanate, immediate amoxicillin, immediate cefdinir, watchful waiting, and delayed prescription (DP) for antibiotic...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658795/restricted-parenteral-antibiotics-usage-policy-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-india
#17
Smita Anand Tiwari, Balasheb Baburao Ghongane, Bharti Ramchandra Daswani, Sangeeta Sanjay Dabhade
INTRODUCTION: The indoor hospital use of antibiotic irrationally has been a growing concern in the recent past. For the patients and providers of health care services this kind of drug consumption account for a major chunk of the budget. AIM: To assess the outcome of restriction on the use of parenteral antibiotics with respect to their utilization and monetary benefits, in a tertiary care hospital in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data details were collected regarding drug utilization two months before and after restriction respectively...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652785/prevalence-and-antibiotic-resistance-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-isolated-from-poultry-farms-in-three-regions-of-ghana
#18
Vivian Etsiapa Boamah, Christian Agyare, Hayford Odoi, Francis Adu, Stephen Yao Gbedema, Anders Dalsgaard
The use of antibiotics in animal production has been associated with the development and spread of antibiotic-resistant organisms including commensals. Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) species, which were until recently considered non-pathogenic, have been associated with opportunistic infections and high resistance to several antibiotics. This study sought to determine the prevalence, identity, and phenotypic resistance of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp. isolated from some selected poultry farms and farm workers in the Ashanti, Brong Ahafo, and Greater Accra regions of Ghana...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647106/-outpatient-consumption-of-antibiotics-with-a-bacterial-resistance-risk-in-2014-in-france
#19
Marie-Céline Casaurancq, Emilie Patras de Campaigno, Manuela Rueter, Bérangère Baricault, Robert Bourrel, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Agnès Sommet
AIM: This article proposes a description of French regional consumption of antibiotics with a bacterial resistance risk (amoxicillin+clavulanic acid, third-generation cephalosporins [C3G] and fluoroquinolones). METHODS: Antibiotics reimbursements data were obtained by Open Medic website. The antibiotic consumption profile has been established using some indicators of the European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption (ESAC) in daily-defined dose per 1000 inhabitants per day (DID) or in percentage...
May 26, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638559/comparative-evaluation-of-anti-microbial-effects-of-triple-antibiotic-paste-and-amox-and-its-derivatives-against-e-faecalis-an-in-vitro-study
#20
Manjeet Kaur, Shrikant Kendre, Parmod Gupta, Navneet Singh, Harsimran Sethi, Neha Gupta, Rushil Acharya
BACKGROUND: Enterococcus faecalis is a microorganism commonly detected in asymptomatic, persistent endodontic infections. Triple antibiotic paste has stood the test of time as a proven antibiotic combination against E. Faecalis. However, problems with this include staining of teeth and standardization of the preparation. Thus, the search for better alternatives and better preparation techniques is still on. AIM: To observe the potential of combinations [(Amoxicillin+ Metronidazole, Amoxicillin Clavulanic Acid + Metronidazole; Amoxicillin and Cloxacillin + Metronidazole)] over Triple Antibiotic Paste...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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