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"Schreiner M.S."

P A Stricker, A F Zuppa, J E Fiadjoe, L G Maxwell, E M Sussman, E Y Pruitt, T K Goebel, M R Gastonguay, J A Taylor, S P Bartlett, M S Schreiner
BACKGROUND: Understanding the clinical pharmacology of the antifibrinolytic epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA) is necessary for rational drug administration in children. The aim of this study is to determine the pharmacokinetics (PKs) of EACA in infants aged 6-24 months undergoing craniofacial reconstruction surgery. METHODS: Cohorts of six infants were enrolled sequentially to one of the three escalating loading dose-continuous i.v. infusion (CIVI) regimens: 25 mg kg(-1), 10 mg kg(-1) h(-1); 50 mg kg(-1), 20 mg kg(-1) h(-1); 100 mg kg(-1), 40 mg kg(-1) h(-1)...
May 2013: British Journal of Anaesthesia
M S Schreiner, W J Greeley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2001: American Heart Journal
L Davis, S D Cook-Sather, M S Schreiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2000: Anesthesia and Analgesia
W M Splinter, M S Schreiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1999: Anesthesia and Analgesia
J B Rose, R Cuy, D E Cohen, M S Schreiner
UNLABELLED: In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, prospective study, we evaluated the analgesic efficacy of dextromethorphan 0.5 mg/kg or 1.0 mg/kg p.o. 1 h before adenotonsillectomy in 57 children 6-12 yr of age. Anesthetic management was standardized. Morphine 0.075 mg/kg i.v. and acetaminophen 25-35 mg/kg p.r. were administered after anesthetic induction but before the start of surgery. A 4-point behavioral score (1 = asleep, 2 = awake and calm, 3 = awake and crying, 4 = thrashing) was recorded on admission to and discharge from the postanesthesia care unit (PACU)...
April 1999: Anesthesia and Analgesia
J P Dormans, J Templeton, M S Schreiner, A J Delfico
During the past five years, systemic IgE-mediated anaphylactic reactions to latex have been reported more frequently, and a significant proportion of these anaphylactic reactions have occurred intraoperatively. Anaphylactic reactions under general anesthesia occur without warning, and early signs often are obscured by surgical drapes. Therefore, early recognition of symptoms and prevention are essential to avoid catastrophic results. Orthopaedic surgeons must be aware of the risk, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of latex anaphylaxis...
April 1995: Contemporary Orthopaedics
M S Schreiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1998: Anesthesia and Analgesia
M S Schreiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1998: American Heart Journal
J P Dormans, J Templeton, M S Schreiner, A J Delfico
Over a 3-year period, in 36,075 general anesthetic anesthesia procedures done at our institution, 21 patients had type I (anaphylactic) intraoperative reactions to latex (phase 1). We subsequently established a system for classification of at-risk patients with a corresponding regimen for prophylaxis used prospectively between January 1992 and July 1994 (phase II). Three groups of patients at risk for type I hypersensitivity reaction were identified, and a regimen for prophylaxis developed (based in part on protocols used in preparing patients who are allergic to radiocontrast media)...
September 1997: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
S D Cook-Sather, H V Tulloch, A Cnaan, S C Nicolson, M L Cubina, P R Gallagher, M S Schreiner
UNLABELLED: This prospective, nonrandomized, observational study of 76 infants with pyloric stenosis was conducted at an academic children's hospital and compared awake versus paralyzed tracheal intubation in terms of successful first attempt rate, intubation time, heart rate (HR) and arterial hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SpO2) changes, and complications. Three groups were determined by intubation method: awake (A) with an oxygen-insufflating laryngoscope, after rapid-sequence induction (R), or after modified rapid-sequence induction (M) including ventilation through cricoid pressure...
May 1998: Anesthesia and Analgesia
M A Rehman, M S Schreiner
Fibreoptic bronchoscopic guided tracheal intubation is often the first choice for clinicians familiar with the technique, when faced with a patient in whom tracheal intubation presents known or possible difficulties. Regardless of the technique chosen, anticipated and unanticipated problems may arise. We report three patients with known difficult airways that illustrate the utility of light wand guided oral and nasotracheal intubation when tracheal intubation with fibreoptic bronchoscopy proved impossible.
1997: Paediatric Anaesthesia
S D Cook-Sather, M S Schreiner
The glossoptosis and micrognathia associated with Pierre Robin anomalad can make tracheal intubation by conventional laryngoscopy quite difficult. Lighted stylets may be helpful in the successful intubation of infants with this anomalad, but those currently available that are small enough to accommodate 3.0 mm ID tracheal tubes have two major drawbacks limiting their utility: an insufficiently rigid stylet component and a nonadjustable, overly bright light. We describe a lighted stylet that can be easily assembled in the operating room which overcomes these problems and allowed us to successfully intubate a six-day-old with severe Pierre Robin anomalad...
1997: Paediatric Anaesthesia
C A Liacouras, S D Cook-Sather, M S Schreiner, R D Bellah
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is the most common abdominal surgical disorder in infants. Although the majority of cases are diagnosed by ultrasound, equivocal cases may require endoscopy. This study was performed to assess the various endoscopic appearances of HPS in infants. METHODS: A prospective study comparing the endoscopic appearance of the antrum and pylorus of 18 children with HPS to 21 children in a normal control group. RESULTS: Antral or pyloric mucosal hypertrophy was visualized endoscopically in all 18 study patients...
May 1997: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
S D Cook-Sather, H V Tulloch, C A Liacouras, M S Schreiner
PURPOSE: To quantify gastric fluid volumes in infants with pyloric stenosis presenting for pyloromyotomy and to demonstrate endoscopically the efficacy of blind aspiration for gastric fluid recovery. We hypothesized that previous diagnostic contrast studies, preoperative nasogastric suction, and fasting interval would not affect these volumes. METHODS: Seventy-five infants scheduled for pyloromyotomy were given atropine before induction of anaesthesia. For those who had undergone preoperative nasogastric suction, the nasogastric tube was aspirated and removed...
March 1997: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesth├ęsie
S D Cook-Sather, C A Liacouras, J P Previte, D A Markakis, M S Schreiner
PURPOSE: Numerous investigators have estimated gastric fluid volume using blind aspiration through multi-orificed catheters, but none have confirmed the validity of this technique in infants and children. We sought to validate the accuracy of this technique in a fasted paediatric population by using gastroscopy. Data from several studies were then combined to generate a gastric fluid volume frequency distribution for healthy paediatric patients fasted for surgery. METHODS: This is a prospective study of 17 patients aged six months to 11 yr who underwent elective upper endoscopy at a paediatric teaching hospital...
February 1997: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesth├ęsie
M S Schreiner, I O'Hara, D A Markakis, G D Politis
BACKGROUND: Laryngospasm is the most frequently reported respiratory complication associated with upper respiratory infection and general anesthesia in retrospective studies, but prospective studies have failed to demonstrate any increase in risk. METHODS: A case-control study was performed to examine whether children with laryngospasm were more likely to have an upper respiratory infection on the day of surgery. The parents of all patients (N = 15,183) who were admitted through the day surgery unit were asked if their child had an active or recent (within 2 weeks of surgery) upper respiratory infection and were questioned about specific signs and symptoms to determine if the child met Tait and Knight's definition of an upper respiratory infection...
September 1996: Anesthesiology
M S Schreiner, S C Nicolson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1995: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
M S Schreiner, L G Leksell, S R Gobran, E A Hoffman, P W Scherer, G R Neufeld
We investigated the effect of increasing doses of intravenously infused glass microspheres (mean diameter 125 microns) on gas exchange in anesthetized, heparinized, mechanically ventilated goats (VT = 16-18 ml/kg). Breath-by-breath CO2 expirograms were collected using a computerized system (Study A) during the infusion of a total of 15 g of microspheres. We found a 50% decrease in extravascular lung water by indicator dilution with a corresponding doubling of alveolar dead space (VDalv). Airways deadspace (VDaw) decreased by 13 ml (10%) and mean normalized phase III slope for CO2 decreased from 0...
March 1993: Respiration Physiology
B R King, M D Baker, L E Braitman, J Seidl-Friedman, M S Schreiner
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of four methods of endotracheal tube size selection in the pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded comparison. SETTING: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred thirty-seven children aged 1 month to 9 years old undergoing elective surgery requiring endotracheal intubation. SELECTION PROCEDURES: Consecutive sample...
March 1993: Annals of Emergency Medicine
M S Schreiner
This article addresses the preoperative fast in the context of its historic background, the physiology of gastric emptying, and recent clinical studies. A rationale is developed for minimizing the traditional preoperative fasting interval for elective surgery. The timing and the necessity for patients to resume ingesting clear liquids in the postoperative period is also explored.
February 1994: Pediatric Clinics of North America
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