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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718257/risk-factors-for-heat-related-deaths-during-the-june-2015-heat-wave-in-karachi-pakistan
#1
Syed Ghazanfar Saleem, Tehreem Ansari, Ashraf Shamshad Ali, Sara Fatima, Mariam Hassan Rizvi, Muhammad Abdul Samad
BACKGROUND: Mortality as a consequence of heat related illness is a public health concern. Emergency department (ED) experiences increased patients' flow and decreased survival as a consequence of heat stroke during the episodes of heat wave. The present study was conducted to identify the risk factors for mortality among victims of heat wave (17th - 23rd June), 2015 evaluated in the Emergency Department of The Indus Hospital (TIH), Karachi. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study data was retrospectively collected...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716391/electroencephalographic-markers-of-conscious-and-unconscious-perception
#2
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715310/discovering-ways-to-mend-growing-bodies-the-bioengineering-of-devices-for-the-youngest-patients-brings-unique-challenges-and-rewards
#3
David L Chandler
Some babies are born with a rare condition known as esophageal atresia, in which part of the connection between the throat and stomach is missing or nonfunctional. While this was once untreatable and fatal, in recent years surgeons have developed a method using traction to stretch the tissues out on each end until, over time, they are long enough to be sewn together and so substitute for the missing portion of the esophagus. The procedure has allowed many infant patients to go home with a full, normal life ahead of them...
July 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713580/severe-hypothermia-in-transported-pullets-case-study-of-its-occurrence-diagnosis-and-treatment-using-active-external-rewarming-technique
#4
Ndazo S Minka, Joseph O Ayo
Sixty pullets, aged 17 weeks, were presented when presumed to be 'dead' after being exposed to wet-cold weather transportation. The birds appeared unconscious and their feathers were soaking wet, and with a body rigid and cold to touch. The aim of the study was to resuscitate the hypothermic pullets. Blood samples were obtained and core body temperature recorded before and after rewarming. The birds were resuscitated using active external rewarming technique. Blood samples revealed significant (P < 0...
May 2017: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713278/the-neuroanatomical-neurophysiological-and-psychological-basis-of-memory-current-models-and-their-origins
#5
REVIEW
Eduardo Camina, Francisco Güell
This review aims to classify and clarify, from a neuroanatomical, neurophysiological, and psychological perspective, different memory models that are currently widespread in the literature as well as to describe their origins. We believe it is important to consider previous developments without which one cannot adequately understand the kinds of models that are now current in the scientific literature. This article intends to provide a comprehensive and rigorous overview for understanding and ordering the latest scientific advances related to this subject...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713258/relationship-of-topology-multiscale-phase-synchronization-and-state-transitions-in-human-brain-networks
#6
Minkyung Kim, Seunghwan Kim, George A Mashour, UnCheol Lee
How the brain reconstitutes consciousness and cognition after a major perturbation like general anesthesia is an important question with significant neuroscientific and clinical implications. Recent empirical studies in animals and humans suggest that the recovery of consciousness after anesthesia is not random but ordered. Emergence patterns have been classified as progressive and abrupt transitions from anesthesia to consciousness, with associated differences in duration and electroencephalogram (EEG) properties...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710111/managing-an-intentional-overdose-in-a-hospice
#7
Toby Dinnen, Hannah Armstrong, Paul Perkins
This case report describes a patient admitted unconscious to a hospice following an intentional overdose of oxycodone. She had previously declined conventional medical treatment for cancer and had made an advance decision stating that she wished to avoid hospital admission and refusing life-prolonging treatment. This case illustrates the practical and ethical challenges of managing an intentional overdose in a palliative care setting.
July 14, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708467/gender-differences-in-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#8
Anna Paganini, Camilla Hörfelt, Hans Mark
Numerous gender-based differences in medical treatment have been recognized due to conscious or unconscious perceptions, i.e. gender bias. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether gender differences exist in the surgical treatment of patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) anomalies. This study is a retrospective review of 235 consecutive patients with non-syndromic unilateral CLP or bilateral CLP born between 1966 and 1986. Each chart was reviewed, and 2178 surgical procedures were registered and categorized as primary surgery (primary lip, palatal and alveolar repair) or secondary surgery (aesthetic and functional revision)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706615/novel-effects-of-traditional-wooden-toothbrush-on-bowel-motility-symptoms-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-findings-from-a-pilot-quasi-experimental-study
#9
Ebrahim Esfandiari, Awat Feizi, Zahra Heidari, Seyed Reza Tabibian, Pooria Shaabani, Bijan Iraj, Payman Adibi, Amrollah Ebrahimi Varzaneh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of traditional wooden toothbrush usage on most severe constipation, which usually occurs in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental study, 61 SCI patients were selected who had injuries in different spinal levels (cervical, thoracic, and lumbar), and severe constipation from one defection in a few days to 3 weeks. They were recommended to use traditional wooden toothbrush for 5 min twice a day, after breakfast and dinner, over a 6 weeks period...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701942/neural-mechanisms-underlying-conscious-and-unconscious-gaze-triggered-attentional-orienting-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Wataru Sato, Takanori Kochiyama, Shota Uono, Sayaka Yoshimura, Motomi Toichi
Impaired joint attention represents the core clinical feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Behavioral studies have suggested that gaze-triggered attentional orienting is intact in response to supraliminally presented eyes but impaired in response to subliminally presented eyes in individuals with ASD. However, the neural mechanisms underlying conscious and unconscious gaze-triggered attentional orienting remain unclear. We investigated this issue in ASD and typically developing (TD) individuals using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701933/network-efficiency-and-posterior-alpha-patterns-are-markers-of-recovery-from-general-anesthesia-a-high-density-electroencephalography-study-in-healthy-volunteers
#11
Stefanie Blain-Moraes, Vijay Tarnal, Giancarlo Vanini, Tarik Bel-Behar, Ellen Janke, Paul Picton, Goodarz Golmirzaie, Ben J A Palanca, Michael S Avidan, Max B Kelz, George A Mashour
Recent studies have investigated local oscillations, long-range connectivity, and global network patterns to identify neural changes associated with anesthetic-induced unconsciousness. These studies typically employ anesthetic protocols that either just cross the threshold of unconsciousness, or induce deep unconsciousness for a brief period of time-neither of which models general anesthesia for major surgery. To study neural patterns of unconsciousness and recovery in a clinically-relevant context, we used a realistic anesthetic regimen to induce and maintain unconsciousness in eight healthy participants for 3 h...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694630/mood-disorder-as-an-early-presentation-of-epidermoid-of-quadrigeminal-cistern
#12
Sujita Kumar Kar, Kuntal Kanti Das, Awadhesh Kumar Jaiswal, Sushila Jaiswal
Intracranial epidermoids are space-occupying lesions of rare variant. Although cerebropontine angle and parasellar region are common sites of occurrence, it has been reported in various other parts of the intracranial cavity. Headache and features of increased intracranial tension are the common clinical manifestation. Report of psychiatric symptoms as the initial presentation of epidermoid is not known in literature except a single case report, which describes mutism to be the manifestation of intracranial epidermoid...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694110/predictors-of-in-hospital-mortality-after-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-for-malignant-ischemic-stroke
#13
Saadat Kamran, Abdul Salam, Naveed Akhtar, Aymen Alboudi, Arsalan Ahmad, Rabia Khan, Rashed Nazir, Muhammad Nadeem, Jihad Inshasi, Ahmed ElSotouhy, Ghanim Al Sulaiti, Ashfaq Shuaib
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective multicenter, pooled-data analysis was to determine the factors associated with in-hospital mortality in decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) for malignant middle cerebral artery (MMCA) stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors reviewed pooled DHC database from 3 countries for patients with MMCA with hospital mortality in spite of DHC to identify factors that predicted in-hospital mortality after DHC. The identified factors were applied to the group of patients who were selected for DHC but either refused surgery and died or stabilized and did not undergo DHC...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693604/right-median-nerve-electrical-stimulation-for-acute-traumatic-coma-the-asia-coma-electrical-stimulation-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Xiang Wu, Chao Zhang, Junfeng Feng, Qing Mao, Guoyi Gao, Jiyao Jiang
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become the most common cause of death and disability in persons between 15 and 30 years of age, and about 10-15% of patients affected by TBI will end up in a coma. Coma caused by TBI presents a significant challenge to neuroscientists. Right median nerve electrical stimulation has been reported as a simple, inexpensive, non-invasive technique to speed recovery and improve outcomes for traumatic comatose patients. METHODS/DESIGN: This multicentre, prospective, randomised (1:1) controlled trial aims to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of electrical right median nerve stimulation (RMNS) in both accelerating emergence from coma and promoting long-term outcomes...
July 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690578/unconscious-processing-of-facial-expressions-in-individuals-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#15
Xiaozhe Peng, Fang Cui, Ting Wang, Can Jiao
Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) is characterized by impairments in social communication and the avoidance of social contact. Facial expression processing is the basis of social communication. However, few studies have investigated how individuals with IGD process facial expressions, and whether they have deficits in emotional facial processing remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to explore these two issues by investigating the time course of emotional facial processing in individuals with IGD. A backward masking task was used to investigate the differences between individuals with IGD and normal controls (NC) in the processing of subliminally presented facial expressions (sad, happy, and neutral) with event-related potentials (ERPs)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689345/extensive-brain-infarction-involving-deep-structures-during-an-acetazolamide-challenged-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-scan-in-a-patient-with-moyamoya-disease
#16
Sangjoon Chong, June Dong Park, Jong Hee Chae, Jung-Eun Cheon, Seung-Ki Kim, Ji Hoon Phi, Ji Yeoun Lee, Jin Chul Paeng, Kyu-Chang Wang
BACKGROUND: Acetazolamide-challenged brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is used for the evaluation of cerebral perfusion in cerebrovascular diseases including moyamoya disease (MMD). Not a few patients experience adverse side effects during the acetazolamide-challenged brain SPECT, but most of the symptoms are mild and transient. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of severe brain infarction leading to death during the examination of an acetazolamide-challenged brain SPECT in a patient with MMD...
July 8, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686133/rethinking-compassion-fatigue
#17
Nathan Gerard
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to argue for a revision of the concept of compassion fatigue in light of both its history and psychodynamics. Design/methodology/approach This paper calls into question conventional interpretations of compassion fatigue and the assumptions underlying them. As an alternative, a psychoanalytic interpretation is offered that sheds light on the phenomenon's unconscious and organizational dynamics. This interpretation also aligns with the concept's historical use in media and politics...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684334/just-a-thought-how-mind-wandering-is-represented-in-dynamic-brain-connectivity
#18
REVIEW
Aaron Kucyi
The neuroscience of mind-wandering has begun to flourish, with roles of brain regions and networks being defined for various components of spontaneous thought. However, often underappreciated is that most of brain activity does not represent immediately occurring thoughts. Instead, spontaneous, organized network activity largely reflects "intrinsic" functions that are unrelated to the current experience. There remains no consensus on how brain networks represent mind-wandering in parallel to functioning in other ongoing, predominantly unconscious processes...
July 3, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681432/computer-generated-reminders-delivered-on-paper-to-healthcare-professionals-effects-on-professional-practice-and-healthcare-outcomes
#19
REVIEW
Chantal Arditi, Myriam Rège-Walther, Pierre Durieux, Bernard Burnand
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice does not always reflect best practice and evidence, partly because of unconscious acts of omission, information overload, or inaccessible information. Reminders may help clinicians overcome these problems by prompting them to recall information that they already know or would be expected to know and by providing information or guidance in a more accessible and relevant format, at a particularly appropriate time. This is an update of a previously published review...
July 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681130/role-of-consciousness-in-temporal-integration-of-semantic-information
#20
Yung-Hao Yang, Yung-Hsuan Tien, Pei-Ling Yang, Su-Ling Yeh
Previous studies found that word meaning can be processed unconsciously. Yet it remains unknown whether temporally segregated words can be integrated into a holistic meaningful phrase without consciousness. The first four experiments were designed to examine this by sequentially presenting the first three words of Chinese four-word idioms as prime to one eye and dynamic Mondrians to the other (i.e., the continuous flash suppression paradigm; CFS). An unmasked target word followed the three masked words in a lexical decision task...
July 5, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
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