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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932016/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-combined-with-blindsight-rehabilitation-for-the-treatment-of-homonymous-hemianopia-a-report-of-two-cases
#1
Barbara Maria Matteo, Barbara Viganò, Cesare Giuseppe Cerri, Roberto Meroni, Cesare Maria Cornaggia, Cecilia Perin
[Purpose] Homonymous hemianopia is one of the most common symptoms following neurologic damage leading to impairments of functional abilities and activities of daily living. There are two main types of restorative rehabilitation in hemianopia: "border training" which involves exercising vision at the edge of the damaged visual field, and "blindsight training," which is based on exercising the unconscious perceptual functions deep inside the blind hemifield. Only border effects have been shown to be facilitated by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929965/-a-negleted-bacteria-with-a-case-bartonella-henselae
#2
Kamuran Türker, Bekir Çelebi, Şeyda Andaç, Pınar Bulut, Şenay Yalçın, Saniye Dolhan
Bartonella henselae the causative agent of cat scratch disease (CSD), is a gram-negative, coccobacillus, facultative intracellular bacterium CSD usually presents as a clinical form of benign local lymphadenopathy (LAP) but sometimes it may progress to severe life threatening complications. Despite the fact that CSD is known to be a common disease, which is one of the important causes of local LAPs in the world, there are few publications in our country. For the diagnosis, the clinician should suspect for CSD and has to ask to the patient whether there is a story of cat scratch or not...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928001/the-potential-use-of-unmanned-aircraft-systems-drones-in-mountain-search-and-rescue-operations
#3
Yunus Karaca, Mustafa Cicek, Ozgur Tatli, Aynur Sahin, Sinan Pasli, Muhammed Fatih Beser, Suleyman Turedi
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the potential use of drones in searching for and locating victims and of motorized transportation of search and rescue providers in a mountain environment using a simulation model. METHODS: This prospective randomized simulation study was performed in order to compare two different search and rescue techniques in searching for an unconscious victim on snow-covered ground. In the control arm, the Classical Line Search Technique (CLT) was used, in which the search is performed on foot and the victim is reached on foot...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920067/a-history-of-dystonia-ancient-to-modern
#4
REVIEW
Rachel E Newby, Deborah E Thorpe, Peter A Kempster, Jane E Alty
Before 1911, when Hermann Oppenheim introduced the term dystonia, this movement disorder lacked a unifying descriptor. While words like epilepsy, apoplexy, and palsy have had their meanings since antiquity, references to dystonia are much harder to identify in historical documents. Torticollis is an exception, although there is difficulty distinguishing dystonic torticollis from congenital muscular torticollis. There are, nevertheless, possible representations of dystonia in literature and visual art from the pre-modern world...
July 2017: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919868/the-affective-core-of-the-self-a-neuro-archetypical-perspective-on-the-foundations-of-human-and-animal-subjectivity
#5
REVIEW
Antonio Alcaro, Stefano Carta, Jaak Panksepp
Psychologists usually considered the "Self" as an object of experience appearing when the individual perceives its existence within the conscious field. In accordance with such a view, the self-representing capacity of the human mind has been related to corticolimbic learning processes taking place within individual development. On the other hand, Carl Gustav Jung considered the Self as the core of our personality, in its conscious and unconscious aspects, as well as in its actual and potential forms. According to Jung, the Self originates from an inborn dynamic structure integrating the essential drives of our "brain-mind," and leading both to instinctual behavioral actions and to archetypal psychological experiences...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915898/physician-staffed-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-has-a-beneficial-impact-on-the-incidence-of-prehospital-hypoxia-and-secured-airways-on-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Toni Pakkanen, Antti Kämäräinen, Heini Huhtala, Tom Silfvast, Jouni Nurmi, Ilkka Virkkunen, Arvi Yli-Hankala
BACKGROUND: After traumatic brain injury (TBI), hypotension, hypoxia and hypercapnia have been shown to result in secondary brain injury that can lead to increased mortality and disability. Effective prehospital assessment and treatment by emergency medical service (EMS) is considered essential for favourable outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) in the treatment of TBI patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study...
September 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912694/from-cortical-blindness-to-conscious-visual-perception-theories-on-neuronal-networks-and-visual-training-strategies
#7
REVIEW
Vanessa Hadid, Franco Lepore
Homonymous hemianopia (HH) is the most common cortical visual impairment leading to blindness in the contralateral hemifield. It is associated with many inconveniences and daily restrictions such as exploration and visual orientation difficulties. However, patients with HH can preserve the remarkable ability to unconsciously perceive visual stimuli presented in their blindfield, a phenomenon known as blindsight. Unfortunately, the nature of this captivating residual ability is still misunderstood and the rehabilitation strategies in terms of visual training have been insufficiently exploited...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912289/using-best-interests-meetings-for-people-in-a-prolonged-disorder-of-consciousness-to-improve-clinical-and-ethical-management
#8
Derick T Wade
Current management of people with prolonged disorders of consciousness is failing patients, families and society. The causes include a general lack of concern, knowledge and expertise; a legal and professional framework which impedes timely and appropriate decision-making and/or enactment of the decision; and the exclusive focus on the patient, with no legitimate means to consider the broader consequences of healthcare decisions. This article argues that a clinical pathway based on the principles of (a) the English Mental Capacity Act 2005 and (b) using time-limited treatment trials could greatly improve patient management and reduce stress on families...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906147/carbon-monoxide-poisoning-from-waterpipe-smoking-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Lars Eichhorn, Dirk Michaelis, Michael Kemmerer, Björn Jüttner, Kay Tetzlaff
OBJECTIVE: Waterpipe smoking may increasingly account for unintentional carbon monoxide poisoning, a serious health hazard with high morbidity and mortality. We aimed at identifying waterpipe smoking as a cause for carbon monoxide poisoning in a large critical care database of a specialty care referral center. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients with a history of exposure to waterpipe smoking and carbon monoxide blood gas levels >10% or presence of clinical symptoms compatible with CO poisoning admitted between January 2013 and December 2016...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904602/there-is-an-unconscious-but-it-may-well-be-conscious
#10
Bernardo Kastrup
Depth psychology finds empirical validation today in a variety of observations that suggest the presence of causally effective mental processes outside conscious experience. I submit that this is due to misinterpretation of the observations: the subset of consciousness called "meta-consciousness" in the literature is often mistaken for consciousness proper, thereby artificially creating space for an "unconscious." The implied hypothesis is that all mental processes may in fact be conscious, the appearance of unconsciousness arising from our dependence on self-reflective introspection for gauging awareness...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904596/a-psychobiographical-study-of-intuition-in-a-writer-s-life-paulo-coelho-revisited
#11
Claude-Hélène Mayer, David Maree
Intuition is defined as a form of knowledge which materialises as awareness of thoughts, feelings and physical sensations. It is a key to a deeper understanding and meaningfulness. Intuition, used as a psychological function, supports the transmission and integration of perceptions from unconscious and conscious realms. This study uses a psychobiographical single case study approach to explore intuition across the life span of Paulo Coelho. Methodologically, the study is based on a single case study, using the methodological frame of Dilthey's modern hermeneutics...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903588/laplanche-from-the-enigmatic-message-of-the-other-to-the-unconscious-alterity-within-the-temptation-of-biology-freud-s-theories-of-sexuality-by-laplanche-jean-translated-by-nicholson-smith-donald-new-york-the-unconscious-in-translation-2015-xii-140-pp-73-50
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901996/intracranial-hemorrhage-in-congenital-bleeding-disorders
#13
Shadi Tabibian, Hoda Motlagh, Majid Naderi, Akbar Dorgalaleh
: Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), as a life-threatening bleeding among all kinds of congenital bleeding disorders (CBDs), is a rare manifestation except in factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency, which is accompanied by ICH, early in life, in about one-third of patients. Most inherited platelet function disorders (IPFDs) are mild to moderate bleeding disorders that can never experience a severe bleeding as in ICH; however, Glanzmann's thrombasthenia, a common and severe inherited platelet function disorder, can lead to ICH and occasional death...
September 9, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900071/a-case-of-non-islet-cell-tumor-hypoglycemia-nicth-associated-with-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-gist
#14
John M Wilson, Jessica Ginsberg, Karen Cutts, Steve Urban
BACKGROUND Non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia (NICTH) is a newly recognized, but uncommon, paraneoplastic syndrome that is associated with tumors of mesenchymal origin. We report a case of NICTH associated with a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). CASE REPORT A 60-year-old man presented to the emergency department of our hospital after being found unconscious in his home. His serum blood glucose on hospital admission was 40 mg/dL. He reported a three-month history of diffuse abdominal pain, fatigue, and blurred vision...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899191/mental-representation-in-the-thought-of-sidney-blatt-developmental-processes
#15
John S Auerbach, Diana Diamond
Mental representation was a central construct in Sidney Blatt's contributions to psychology and psychoanalysis. This brief review demonstrates that Blatt's understanding of representation was always informed by basic psychoanalytic concepts like the centrality of early caregiver-infant relationships and of unconscious mental processes. Although Blatt's earlier writings were informed by psychoanalytic ego psychology and Piagetian cognitive developmental psychology, they focused nonetheless on how an individual uses bodily and relational experiences to construct an object world; they also consistently presented object representations as having significant unconscious dimensions...
June 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899182/cognitive-humanistic-psychodynamics-sidney-blatt-s-theoretical-philosophical-legacy
#16
Golan Shahar, Linda C Mayes
A number of broad-based, theoretical-philosophical tenets are to be gleaned from Sidney Blatt's voluminous, extensive, and unique scholarly work. Dominant themes in Blatt's life and work include (1) his fascination with cognition, particularly mental maps, or representations, of reality; (2) the influence of humanistic values (e.g., agency, need for growth, gestalts, need for balance, and an optimistic focus on resilience); and (3) a steadfast adherence to Freud's revolutionary discovery of the dynamic unconscious...
June 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899146/the-critique-of-regression-the-person-the-field-the-lifespan
#17
Gregory S Rizzolo
The term regression refers to the idea that a person can return to earlier phases of mental development and the primitive modes of functioning associated with them. A core concept in both conflict and deficit models of development, the idea has nonetheless come under increasing scrutiny from critics who argue that it misleads us into a genetic fallacy whereby we reduce the issues of adolescent and adult development to their childhood precursors. Inderbitzen and Levy (2000) suggest that we focus on transformations, or shifts, in mental organization, instead of on regressions...
December 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899121/unconscious-fantasy-and-the-priming-phenomenon
#18
Anne Erreich
This paper is the third in a series of investigations into (1) the nature and development of unconscious fantasy, (2) its place in a contemporary model of mind that, parenthetically, suggests a possible solution to the problem of theoretical pluralism, and (3) its mode of operation in the mind. The aim of these investigations is to update the notion of unconscious fantasy, an indispensable construct in psychoanalytic theories that assume out-of-awareness mentation, and to situate that construct within contemporary views of mental functioning in disciplines such as philosophy of mind, cognitive science, and developmental psychology...
April 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899111/reconstruction-in-a-two-person-world-may-be-more-about-the-present-than-the-past-freud-and-the-wolf-man-an-illustration
#19
Richard M Gottlieb
The psychoanalytic process of reconstruction has yet to be examined from the perspective of today's two-person psychologies. Earlier writers on the subject have implicated the analyst and his emotional involvement as influences that may distort the valid recovery of memories, while others have written that the transference and the reconstructed past are interdependent. By contrast with both views, it is suggested here that the reconstructed product itself may reflect the transference-countertransference engagement of the dyad: in some instances, and to some extent in all instances, the scene or story of the presumed past will be a version of the current analytic relationship...
April 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899110/unpleasant-business-rat-jew-payment-and-covenant-in-freud-s-rat-man
#20
Annie Atura
Freud's repression of Judaism and its cultural markers from the published "Rat Man" case history has been noted but never satisfactorily explained. This elision can be interpreted using Freud's suggestion that the paradigmatic "rat" represents (among other things) a circumcised penis marking an intergenerational, covenantal exchange. When read against the case study as originally published, Freud's process notes for the Rat Man's treatment (the only set of such notes on a published case that Freud didn't destroy) suggest that Freud chose to sanitize the published version of explicitly Jewish content, thus repeating a pattern of absence as a marker of debt...
April 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
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