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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634728/aroma-oil-therapy-in-palliative-care-a-pilot-study-with-physiological-parameters-in-conscious-as-well-as-unconscious-patients
#1
Melanie Goepfert, Patrick Liebl, Natalie Herth, Giancarlo Ciarlo, Jens Buentzel, Jutta Huebner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study is to analyze the reactions of healthy test persons and conscious as well as unconscious palliative patients to aroma stimuli. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled study, healthy probands, conscious and unconscious palliative patients were exposed to two essential oils (lemon, lavender). Water was used as the control stimulus. Physiological parameters (breathing rate and heart rate, oxygen saturation, systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure) were measured...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632897/delving-within-the-new-science-of-the-unconscious
#2
Steve Paulson, Heather A Berlin, Efrat Ginot, George Makari
What exactly is the relationship between conscious awareness and the unconscious mind? How, for example, does the brain classify and sort its different functions into conscious or unconscious processes? How has the history of human conceptualizations about the unconscious influenced current theories? Steve Paulson, executive producer of To the Best of Our Knowledge, moderated a discussion among neuroscientist Heather Berlin, psychologist Efrat Ginot, and psychiatrist George Makari to shed light on the history of the mind and the latest insights into the still emerging science of the unconscious...
June 20, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632597/leadership-communication-and-negotiation-across-a-diverse-workforce-an-aoa-critical-issues-symposium
#3
Denis R Clohisy, Michael J Yaszemski, Joanne Lipman
The current workforce in the United States is rapidly changing and is increasingly inclusive of individuals from a broad range of ages, ethnicities, and cultural backgrounds. Engaging and leading a diverse workforce creates great opportunities for innovation and adaptation in our evolving medical economic and clinical care delivery environment. For optimal engagement of employees and partners, orthopaedic surgeons must develop the necessary skills for executing change inside complex organizations and across teams composed of a variety of providers and skilled workers...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630252/alpha-band-brain-oscillations-shape-the-processing-of-perceptible-as-well-as-imperceptible-somatosensory-stimuli-during-selective-attention
#4
Norman Forschack, Till Nierhaus, Matthias M Müller, Arno Villringer
Attention filters and weights sensory information according to behavioral demands. Stimulus-related neural responses are increased for the attended stimulus. Does alpha-band activity mediate this effect and is it restricted to conscious sensory events (suprathreshold), or does it also extend to unconscious stimuli (subthreshold)? To address these questions, we recorded EEG in healthy male and female volunteers undergoing subthreshold and suprathreshold somatosensory electrical stimulation to the left or right index finger...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628957/affect-symptom-fantasy-dream-clinical-and-theoretical-considerations
#5
Eugene J Mahon
A symptom being studied in the process of analysis can be seen as not unlike the unconscious affect it sprang from. The author presents a case in which a symptom, premature ejaculation, was analogous to the unconscious affect of guilt, which itself seemed to be a premature defensive transformation of a deeper current of anger. Guilt was interpreted as if it were a psychic premature ejaculation, a defensive derailment of anger. Fantasy and dream seemed to be engaged in similar transformations, with a fantasy of "premature incarceration" not unlike the symptom itself in its analogous functioning...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628955/recovering-the-father-in-mind-and-flesh-history-triadic-functioning-and-developmental-implications
#6
Michael J Diamond
This paper aims to restore the father and paternal function to their rightful place alongside the mother and maternity in order to counter the prevailing matricentric, dyadic bias in psychoanalytic theory and technique. The author contends that both the symbolic and the actual, flesh-and-blood father are necessary to optimize his child's development. The paternal function inevitably operates in a triadic matrix; thirdness is always psychically in existence-with the father ever present in the mother's unconscious mind-and the paternal third is necessary to open up symbolic space...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624917/mesh-in-pop-surgery-should-be-based-on-the-risk-of-the-procedure-not-the-risk-of-recurrence
#7
Geoffrey W Cundiff
The still unfolding story of mesh use in surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) offers insights into the factors that influence how we interpret evidence in assessing new technology. Our adoption of mesh in prolapse surgery was influenced by a paradigm shift from treating to preventing recurrent prolapse. This shift is largely unsupported by data and fails to account for the added risk associated with mesh use. This commentary explores unconscious factors that influence our interpretation of innovation and proposes a new approach to evaluating new surgical technologies that balances benefit and risk...
June 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619656/the-large-scale-functional-connectivity-correlates-of-consciousness-and-arousal-during-the-healthy-and-pathological-human-sleep-cycle
#8
REVIEW
Enzo Tagliazucchi, Eus J W van Someren
Advances in neuroimaging have greatly improved our understanding of human sleep from a systems neuroscience perspective. However, cognition and awareness are reduced during sleep, hindering the applicability of standard task-based paradigms. Methods recently developed to study spontaneous brain activity fluctuations have proven useful to overcome this limitation. In this review, we focus on the concept of functional connectivity (FC, i.e. statistical covariance between brain activity signals) and its application to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data acquired during sleep...
June 12, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618727/analysis-of-epidemiology-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-in-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-attacks-in-intensive-care-unit-patients
#9
Ayşe But, Meltem Arzu Yetkin, Dilek Kanyilmaz, Halide Aslaner, Aliye Baştuğ, Adalet Aypak, Pınar Öngürü, Esragül Akinci, Nevzat Mehmet Mutlu, Hürrem Bodur
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiologic characteristics, the causative microorganisms and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, and the prognostic risk factors for mortality in critically ill patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, all the critically ill patients with VAP hospitalized in a medical/surgical intensive care unit (ICU) between January 2010 and June 2015 were evaluated...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618458/dreaming-a-gateway-to-the-unconscious
#10
Steve Paulson, Deirdre Barrett, Kelly Bulkeley, Rubin Naiman
Where do our dreams originate from, and what do they tell us? Is there a universal set of symbols that are common to all dreams, regardless of a person's ethnicity or culture? What does dreaming reveal about the unconscious? Why do some dreams remain etched in our memories, whereas others are almost instantly forgotten? Some scientists have adopted the position that dreams are little more than noise in the brain, without any substantive purpose or function. Yet, such a stance seemingly runs counter to the experience of many people who reflect upon and even analyze their dreams, often in search of clues to their daily lives or insights into their deeper selves...
June 15, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618454/the-enacted-unconscious-a-neuropsychological-model-of-unconscious-processes
#11
Efrat Ginot
Integrating neuropsychology with psychoanalytic thinking and experience, this paper offers a new view of the unconscious that veers away from more traditional conceptualizations. Rather, it emphasizes the ever-present influence of ongoing unconscious processes on much of our behaviors and mental states. Importantly, this new understanding is based on the functional unity of the brain/mind.
June 15, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617861/unconscious-improvement-in-foreign-language-learning-using-mismatch-negativity-neurofeedback-a-preliminary-study
#12
Ming Chang, Hiroyuki Iizuka, Hideki Kashioka, Yasushi Naruse, Masahiro Furukawa, Hideyuki Ando, Taro Maeda
When people learn foreign languages, they find it difficult to perceive speech sounds that are nonexistent in their native language, and extensive training is consequently necessary. Our previous studies have shown that by using neurofeedback based on the mismatch negativity event-related brain potential, participants could unconsciously achieve learning in the auditory discrimination of pure tones that could not be consciously discriminated without the neurofeedback. Here, we examined whether mismatch negativity neurofeedback is effective for helping someone to perceive new speech sounds in foreign language learning...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616086/homeopathic-treatment-for-prolonged-postoperative-coma-a-case-report
#13
G Vithoulkas, V Văcăraș, J Kavouras, A D Buzoianu, M Mărginean, D Văcăraș, S Cozma
Coma is the state of unrousable unconsciousness. There are variations in the degree of coma and the findings and signs found on the patient's clinical examination depend on the underlying cause of the disorder. The Glasgow Coma scale evaluates the best motor, verbal and eye answers of the patient. A patient is considered to be in a coma if his Glasgow Coma Scale is below 8 points. The progress that we have made throughout the years has also led to complications that can culminate in a major catastrophe like death, permanent brain damage, coma...
April 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615047/sensitivity-to-sevoflurane-anesthesia-is-decreased-in-mice-with-a-congenital-deletion-of-guanylyl-cyclase-1-alpha
#14
Yasuko Nagasaka, Martin Wepler, Robrecht Thoonen, Patrick Y Sips, Kaitlin Allen, Jan A Graw, Vincent Yao, Sara M Burns, Stefan Muenster, Peter Brouckaert, Keith Miller, Ken Solt, Emmanuel S Buys, Fumito Ichinose, Warren M Zapol
BACKGROUND: Volatile anesthetics increase levels of the neurotransmitter nitric oxide (NO) and the secondary messenger molecule cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) in the brain. NO activates the enzyme guanylyl cyclase (GC) to produce cGMP. We hypothesized that the NO-GC-cGMP pathway contributes to anesthesia-induced unconsciousness. METHODS: Sevoflurane-induced loss and return of righting reflex (LORR and RORR, respectively) were studied in wild-type mice (WT) and in mice congenitally deficient in the GC-1α subunit (GC-1(-/-) mice)...
June 14, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613131/ego-boundary-deficits-and-the-negative-therapeutic-inter-action-a-tale-of-a-whale-a-whale-of-a-tale
#15
Charles A Peterson
Defined variously and unsatisfactorily as a worsening of the patient's condition following a correct interpretation, the negative therapeutic reaction is typically blamed on the patient: "the operation was a success but the patient died." For most neurotic patients unconscious guilt objects to progress and activates the need to suffer. For most character-disturbed patients envy cannot bear the analyst's cleverness. However, patients with ego boundary problems-even sectors of psychosis-may require a different explanatory mechanism, where a correct interpretation may be experienced as a penetration and an engulfment, threatening the intactness of the self...
June 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609460/the-role-of-attention-in-subliminal-semantic-processing-a-mouse-tracking-study
#16
Kunchen Xiao, Takashi Yamauchi
Recent evidence suggests that top-down attention facilitates unconscious semantic processing. To clarify the role of attention in unconscious semantic processing, we traced trajectories of the computer mouse in a semantic priming task and scrutinized the extent to which top-down attention enhances unconscious semantic processing in four different stimulus-onset asynchrony (SOA: 50, 200, 500, or 1000ms) conditions. Participants judged whether a target digit (e.g., "6") was larger or smaller than five, preceded by a masked priming digit (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607332/massive-ischemic-stroke-due-to-pulmonary-barotrauma-and-cerebral-artery-air-embolism-during-commercial-air-travel
#17
Sara Farshchi Zarabi, Matteo Parotto, Rita Katznelson, James Downar
BACKGROUND Air embolism into the systemic arterial circulation secondary to pulmonary barotrauma has rarely been reported. Herein, we report the clinical course of an extremely rare presentation of cerebral air embolism likely due to ruptured pulmonary bullae during commercial air travel. CASE REPORT A 65-year-old man suddenly became unconscious during an airplane descent. Upon landing, he was immediately transferred to the nearest emergency department where he was intubated for airway protection. His head CT angiogram showed multiple air pockets in the right parietal lobe suspicious for multiple air emboli...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606359/opposite-erp-effects-for-conscious-and-unconscious-semantic-processing-under-continuous-flash-suppression
#18
Yung-Hao Yang, Jifan Zhou, Kuei-An Li, Tifan Hung, Alan J Pegna, Su-Ling Yeh
We examined whether semantic processing occurs without awareness using continuous flash suppression (CFS). In two priming tasks, participants were required to judge whether a target was a word or a non-word, and to report whether the masked prime was visible. Experiment 1 manipulated the lexical congruency between the prime-target pairs and Experiment 2 manipulated their semantic relatedness. Despite the absence of behavioral priming effects (Experiment 1), the ERP results revealed that an N4 component was sensitive to the prime-target lexical congruency (Experiment 1) and semantic relatedness (Experiment 2) when the prime was rendered invisible under CFS...
June 10, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600718/-compacted-procedures-for-adults-simple-addition-a-review-and-critique-of-the-evidence
#19
Yalin Chen, Jamie I D Campbell
We review recent empirical findings and arguments proffered as evidence that educated adults solve elementary addition problems (3 + 2, 4 + 1) using so-called compacted procedures (e.g., unconscious, automatic counting); a conclusion that could have significant pedagogical implications. We begin with the large-sample experiment reported by Uittenhove, Thevenot and Barrouillet (2016, Cognition, 146, 289-303), which tested 90 adults on the 81 single-digit addition problems from 1 + 1 to 9 + 9. They identified the 12 very-small addition problems with different operands both ≤ 4 (e...
June 9, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597248/the-soul-as-an-uninhibited-mental-activity-is-reduced-into-consciousness-by-rules-of-quantum-physics
#20
Mehmet Emin Ceylan, Aslıhan Dönmez, Barış Önen Ünsalver, Alper Evrensel, Fatma Duygu Kaya Yertutanol
This paper is an effort to describe, in neuroscientific terms, one of the most ambiguous concepts of the universe-the soul. Previous efforts to understand what the soul is and where it may exist have accepted the soul as a subjective and individual entity. We will make two additions to this view: (1) The soul is a result of uninhibited mental activity and lacks spatial and temporal information; (2) The soul is an undivided whole and, to become divided, the soul has to be reduced into unconscious and conscious mental events...
June 9, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
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