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Jeremy Lewis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153987/development-and-characterization-of-a-human-and-mouse-intestinal-epithelial-cell-monolayer-platform
#1
Kenji Kozuka, Ying He, Samantha Koo-McCoy, Padmapriya Kumaraswamy, Baoming Nie, Karen Shaw, Priscilla Chan, Michael Leadbetter, Limin He, Jason G Lewis, Ziyang Zhong, Dominique Charmot, Marwan Balaa, Andrew J King, Jeremy S Caldwell, Matthew Siegel
We describe the development and characterization of a mouse and human epithelial cell monolayer platform of the small and large intestines, with a broad range of potential applications including the discovery and development of minimally systemic drug candidates. Culture conditions for each intestinal segment were optimized by correlating monolayer global gene expression with the corresponding tissue segment. The monolayers polarized, formed tight junctions, and contained a diversity of intestinal epithelial cell lineages...
November 7, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111847/validation-of-the-manual-inclinometer-and-flexicurve-for-the-measurement-of-thoracic-kyphosis
#2
Eva Barrett, Brian Lenehan, Kieran O'sullivan, Jeremy Lewis, Karen McCreesh
INTRODUCTION: Physiotherapists commonly use the manual inclinometer and Flexicurve for the clinical measurement of thoracic spinal posture. The aim of this study is to examine the concurrent validity of the Flexicurve and manual inclinometer in relation to the radiographic Cobb angle for the measurement of thoracic kyphosis. METHODS: Eleven subjects (seven males, four females) underwent a sagittal plane spinal radiograph. Immediately following the radiograph, a physiotherapist measured thoracic kyphosis using the Flexicurve and manual inclinometer before the subjects moved from position...
November 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105928/lego-bricks-and-the-octet-rule-molecular-models-for-biochemical-pathways-with-plastic-interlocking-toy-bricks
#3
Henry J Lin, Jennifer Lehoang, Isabel Kwan, Anita Baghaee, Priya Prasad, Stephanie J Ha-Chen, Tanesha Moss, Jeremy D Woods
The 8 studs on a 2 × 4 Lego brick conveniently represent the outer shell of electrons for carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen atoms. We used Lego bricks to model these atoms, which are then joined together to form molecules by following the Lewis octet rule. A variety of small biological molecules can be modeled in this way, such as most amino acids, fatty acids, glucose, and various intermediate metabolites. Model building with these familiar toys can be a helpful, hands-on exercise for learning-or re-learning-biochemical pathways...
November 6, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092942/pdx-mi-minimal-information-for-patient-derived-tumor-xenograft-models
#4
Terrence F Meehan, Nathalie Conte, Theodore Goldstein, Giorgio Inghirami, Mark A Murakami, Sebastian Brabetz, Zhiping Gu, Jeffrey A Wiser, Patrick Dunn, Dale A Begley, Debra M Krupke, Andrea Bertotti, Alejandra Bruna, Matthew H Brush, Annette T Byrne, Carlos Caldas, Amanda L Christie, Dominic A Clark, Heidi Dowst, Jonathan R Dry, James H Doroshow, Olivier Duchamp, Yvonne A Evrard, Stephane Ferretti, Kristopher K Frese, Neal C Goodwin, Danielle Greenawalt, Melissa A Haendel, Els Hermans, Peter J Houghton, Jos Jonkers, Kristel Kemper, Tin O Khor, Michael T Lewis, K C Kent Lloyd, Jeremy Mason, Enzo Medico, Steven B Neuhauser, James M Olson, Daniel S Peeper, Oscar M Rueda, Je Kyung Seong, Livio Trusolino, Emilie Vinolo, Robert J Wechsler-Reya, David M Weinstock, Alana Welm, S John Weroha, Frédéric Amant, Stefan M Pfister, Marcel Kool, Helen Parkinson, Atul J Butte, Carol J Bult
Patient-derived tumor xenograft (PDX) mouse models have emerged as an important oncology research platform to study tumor evolution, mechanisms of drug response and resistance, and tailoring chemotherapeutic approaches for individual patients. The lack of robust standards for reporting on PDX models has hampered the ability of researchers to find relevant PDX models and associated data. Here we present the PDX models minimal information standard (PDX-MI) for reporting on the generation, quality assurance, and use of PDX models...
November 1, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080011/oil-spill-response-capabilities-and-technologies-for-ice-covered-arctic-marine-waters-a-review-of-recent-developments-and-established-practices
#5
Jeremy Wilkinson, C J Beegle-Krause, Karl-Ulrich Evers, Nick Hughes, Alun Lewis, Mark Reed, Peter Wadhams
Renewed political and commercial interest in the resources of the Arctic, the reduction in the extent and thickness of sea ice, and the recent failings that led to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, have prompted industry and its regulatory agencies, governments, local communities and NGOs to look at all aspects of Arctic oil spill countermeasures with fresh eyes. This paper provides an overview of present oil spill response capabilities and technologies for ice-covered waters, as well as under potential future conditions driven by a changing climate...
December 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074231/the-engage-study-integrating-neuroimaging-virtual-reality-and-smartphone-sensing-to-understand-self-regulation-for-managing-depression-and-obesity-in-a-precision-medicine-model
#6
Leanne M Williams, Adam Pines, Andrea N Goldstein-Piekarski, Lisa G Rosas, Monica Kullar, Matthew D Sacchet, Olivier Gevaert, Jeremy Bailenson, Philip W Lavori, Paul Dagum, Brian Wandell, Carlos Correa, Walter Greenleaf, Trisha Suppes, L Michael Perry, Joshua M Smyth, Megan A Lewis, Elizabeth M Venditti, Mark Snowden, Janine M Simmons, Jun Ma
Precision medicine models for personalizing achieving sustained behavior change are largely outside of current clinical practice. Yet, changing self-regulatory behaviors is fundamental to the self-management of complex lifestyle-related chronic conditions such as depression and obesity - two top contributors to the global burden of disease and disability. To optimize treatments and address these burdens, behavior change and self-regulation must be better understood in relation to their neurobiological underpinnings...
October 7, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971642/increased-cd11b-cells-and-interleukin-1-il-1-alpha-levels-during-cardiomyopathy-induced-by-chronic-adrenergic-activation
#7
Jeremy Ben-Shoshan, Ayman Jubran, Ran Levy, Gad Keren, Michal Entin-Meer
BACKGROUND: Systemic CD11b+ cells have been associated with several cardiac diseases, such as chronic heart failure. OBJECTIVES: To assess the levels of circulating CD11b+ cells and pro-inflammatory cytokines in cardiomyopathy induced by chronic adrenergic stimulation. METHODS: Male Lewis rats were injected with low doses of isoproterenol (isoprel) for 3 months. Cardiac parameters were tested by echocardiography. The percentage of CD11b+ cells was tested by flow cytometry...
September 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958785/cognitive-impairment-mediates-workplace-impairment-in-persons-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-results-from-the-motivaction-study
#8
Yena Lee, Allan Smofsky, Priscilla Nykoliation, Stephen Allain, Linda Lewis-Daly, Jeremy Schwartz, Joshua Hart Pollack, Jean-Eric Tarride, Roger S McIntyre
OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with substantial impairments in workplace function; however, the mediators of workplace performance in DM are not well characterized. Herein, we investigate depressive symptomatology and cognitive dysfunction as mediators of workplace productivity and hypothesize that workplace impairment is mediated principally by cognitive dysfunction in DM. METHODS: The Motivaction study screened individuals employed across Canada for diabetes...
September 25, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950735/systematic-review-of-examination-techniques-for-the-central-slip-of-the-digital-extensor-tendon-mechanism
#9
Lewis Dingle, Michael Field, Jeremy N Rodrigues
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874329/outcome-after-turndown-for-elective-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-surgery
#10
Joshua D Whittaker, Lewis Meecham, Virginia Summerour, Sheirin Khalil, Georgia Layton, Marianne Yousif, Adrian Jennings, Micheal Wall, Jeremy Newman
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to assess the survival of patients who had been turned down for repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and to examine the factors influencing this. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of a prospectively maintained database of all patients turned down for AAA intervention by the Black Country Vascular Network multidisciplinary team (MDT) from January 2013 to December 2015. Data on AAA size, cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and cause of death were recorded...
November 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853740/erratum-structural-and-conformational-determinants-of-macrocycle-cell-permeability
#11
Björn Over, Pär Matsson, Christian Tyrchan, Per Artursson, Bradley C Doak, Michael A Foley, Constanze Hilgendorf, Stephen E Johnston, Maurice D Lee, Richard J Lewis, Patrick McCarren, Giovanni Muncipinto, Ulf Norinder, Matthew W D Perry, Jeremy R Duvall, Jan Kihlberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840096/profiles-of-sociodemographic-behavioral-clinical-and-psychosocial-characteristics-among-primary-care-patients-with-comorbid-obesity-and-depression
#12
Jun Ma, Lan Xiao, Nan Lv, Lisa G Rosas, Megan A Lewis, Jeremy D Goldhaber-Fiebert, Elizabeth M Venditti, Mark B Snowden, Lenard Lesser, Elizabeth Ward
The objective of this study is to characterize profiles of obese depressed participants using baseline data collected from October 2014 through December 2016 for an ongoing randomized controlled trial (n = 409) in Bay Area, California, USA. Four comorbidity severity categories were defined by interaction of the binary levels of body mass index (BMI) and depression Symptom Checklist 20 (SCL20) scores. Sociodemographic, behavioral, clinical and psychosocial characteristics were measured. Mean (SD) age was 51 (12...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818992/long-half-life-89-zr-labeled-radiotracers-can-guide-in-suite-percutaneous-molecular-imaging-pet-ct-guided-biopsies-without-reinjection-of-radiotracer
#13
Francois H Cornelis, Jeremy Durack, Neeta Pandit-Taskar, Gary A Ulaner, Jason S Lewis, Michael J Morris, Stephen B Solomon
Rationale: To evaluate the feasibility of in suite Zr89 labeled radiotracer positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT)-guided biopsies performed without reinjection. Methods: From 2013-2016, 12 patients (7 males, 5 females; mean age 61 years, range 40-75) with suspected metastatic prostate or breast carcinoma on either imaging or biochemical progression underwent 14 percutaneous biopsies after diagnostic PET/CT using (89)Zr labeled radiotracers (mean dose: 180MBq; range: 126-189MBq) targeting prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) (n = 7) or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) (n = 5)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734043/enabling-reduction-of-low-grade-inflammation-in-seniors-pilot-study-concept-rationale-and-design
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Todd M Manini, Stephen D Anton, Daniel P Beavers, Jane A Cauley, Mark A Espeland, Roger A Fielding, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Kristina H Lewis, Christine Liu, Mary M McDermott, Michael E Miller, Russell P Tracy, Jeremy D Walston, Barbara Radziszewska, Jane Lu, Cindy Stowe, Samuel Wu, Anne B Newman, Walter T Ambrosius, Marco Pahor
OBJECTIVES: To test two interventions to reduce interleukin (IL)-6 levels, an indicator of low-grade chronic inflammation and an independent risk factor for impaired mobility and slow walking speed in older adults. DESIGN: The ENabling Reduction of low-Grade Inflammation in SEniors (ENRGISE) Pilot Study was a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized pilot trial of two interventions to reduce IL-6 levels. SETTING: Five university-based research centers...
September 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706260/early-intervention-with-bifidobacterium-lactis-ncc2818-modulates-the-host-microbe-interface-independent-of-the-sustained-changes-induced-by-the-neonatal-environment
#15
Marie C Lewis, Claire A Merrifield, Bernard Berger, Olivier Cloarec, Swantje Duncker, Annick Mercenier, Jeremy K Nicholson, Elaine Holmes, Mick Bailey
Inflammatory and metabolic diseases can originate during early-life and have been correlated with shifts in intestinal microbial ecology. Here we demonstrate that minor environmental fluctuations during the early neonatal period had sustained effects on the developing porcine microbiota and host-microbe interface. These inter-replicate effects appear to originate during the first day of life, and are likely to reflect very early microbiota acquisition from the environment. We statistically link early systemic inflammation with later local increases in inflammatory cytokine (IL-17) production, which could have important enteric health implications...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704250/abnormal-calcium-levels-during-trauma-resuscitation-are-associated-with-increased-mortality-increased-blood-product-use-and-greater-hospital-resource-consumption-a-pilot-investigation
#16
Emily J MacKay, Michael D Stubna, Daniel N Holena, Patrick M Reilly, Mark J Seamon, Brian P Smith, Lewis J Kaplan, Jeremy W Cannon
BACKGROUND: Admission hypocalcemia predicts both massive transfusion and mortality in severely injured patients. However, the effect of calcium derangements during resuscitation remains unexplored. We hypothesize that any hypocalcemia or hypercalcemia (either primary or from overcorrection) in the first 24 hours after severe injury is associated with increased mortality. METHODS: All patients at our institution with massive transfusion protocol activation from January 2013 through December 2014 were identified...
September 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694006/neurotoxicity-with-persistent-unilateral-ophthalmoplegia-from-envenoming-by-a-wild-inland-taipan-oxyuranus-microlepidotus-elapidae-in-remote-outback-south-australia
#17
Scott A Weinstein, Evan Everest, Jeremy Purdell-Lewis, Michael Harrison, Fiona Tavender, Sam Alfred, Liz Marrack, Chris Davenport-Klunder, Neralie Wearn, Julian White
INTRODUCTION: A case of life threatening envenoming by a wild specimen of the inland taipan, Oxyuranus microlepidotus, is described. There have been 11 previously well-documented envenomings by O. microlepidotus, but only 2 were inflicted by wild snakes. Envenomed patients have presented predominantly with defibrinating coagulopathy and neurotoxicity. CASE REPORT: The victim was seeking to observe members of an isolated population of this species and was envenomed while attempting to photograph an approximately 1...
July 8, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683232/the-spadi-and-quickdash-are-similarly-responsive-in-patients-undergoing-physical-therapy-for-shoulder-pain
#18
Rachel Chester, Christina Jerosch-Herold, Jeremy Lewis, Lee Shepstone
Study Design Prospective multicenter longitudinal cohort study. Background A key component of assessing clinical effectiveness is to compare instruments measuring similar outcomes and to select one that is sufficiently responsive. Despite their widespread use in reporting outcomes, the responsiveness of the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) and the shortened version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (QuickDASH) has not been compared and reported within the same population...
August 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641737/exploring-experiences-barriers-and-enablers-to-home-and-class-based-exercise-in-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-a-qualitative-study
#19
Fiona M Sandford, Thomas A B Sanders, Jeremy S Lewis
STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study. INTRODUCTION: Adherence is paramount to the successful outcome of exercise-based treatment. PURPOSE OF STUDY: The barriers and enablers to adherence to a home- and class-based exercise program were explored in this qualitative study. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were carried out to establish common themes relating to the participants' experiences during a year-long randomized controlled trial...
April 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621317/p16-immunohistochemistry-in-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-comparison-of-antibody-clones-using-patient-outcomes-and-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-rna-status
#20
Jeremy Shelton, Bibianna M Purgina, Nicole A Cipriani, William D Dupont, Dale Plummer, James S Lewis
High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas have a more favorable prognosis than HPV-negative ones. p16 immunohistochemistry has been recommended as a prognostic test in clinical practice. Several p16 antibodies are available, and their performance has not been directly compared. We evaluated three commercially available p16 antibody clones (E6H4, JC8 and G175-405) utilizing 199 cases of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma from a tissue microarray, read by three pathologists with three different cutoffs for positivity: any staining, >50% and >75%...
September 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
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