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Perioperative pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349988/-comparison-of-analgesic-effects-between-multimodal-and-patient-controlled-intravenous-analgesia-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-the-perioperative-period-of-total-knee-arthroplasty
#1
Hua-Li Gao, Lian-Bo Xiao, Wei-Tao Zhai, Yong He, Fei Zhu, Lin Zheng, Xiu-Wei Han
OBJECTIVE: To compare the analgesic effect between multimodal and patient-controlled intravenous analgesia(PCIA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis(RA) in the perioperative period of knee joint replacement. METHODS: From June 2015 to June 2016, 40 RA patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were randomly divided into two groups. There were 20 patients in PCIA group, including 3 males and 17 females, with an average age of(59.6±2.3) years old, who received controlled instillation of sufentanil analgesia controlled by an intravenous analgesia pump...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349965/-clinical-characteristics-analysis-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-with-symptom-aggravated-caused-by-spinal-manipulative-therapy
#2
Feng Zhao, Jun-Peng Pei, Pan Diao, Zhi-Li Meng, Yuan Sun, Sheng-Li Huang
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the characteristics of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) with symptom aggravated caused by spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). METHODS: Detailed clinical profiles of a total number of 10 LDH patients with symptoms aggravated after SMT were reviewed including 5 males and 5 females with age from 46 to 68 years old, 7 patients of them were more than 50 years old. The clinical data of 10 patients were analyzed involving age, gender, clinical symptoms, signs, imaging findings, surgical treatment and prognosis...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349580/perianesthetic-management-of-laparoscopic-kidney-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Georges Nasrallah, Fouad G Souki
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Laparoscopic kidney surgery is commonly used for living donor, partial, and total tumor nephrectomy. The successful emergence of laparoscopic technique was justified by the many benefits offered such as reduced blood loss, tissue trauma, pain, and hospital stay. However, this comes at the expense of physiologic changes and complications secondary to pneumoperitoneum, surgical technique, and patient positioning with significant challenges in anesthetic management. RECENT FINDINGS: A variety of laparoscopic approaches (transperitoneal, retroperitoneal, hand-assisted, robotic) are used with some having advantages over others...
January 18, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337783/s1-sacrectomy-for-re-recurrent-rectal-cancer-our-experience-with-reconstruction-using-an-expandable-vertebral-body-replacement-device
#4
Daniel Jin Keat Lee, Kelvin Yafan Wang, Peter Michael Sagar, Jake Timothy
INTRODUCTION: R0 resection is achieved by high sacrectomy for local recurrence of colorectal cancer, but significant rates of perioperative complications and long-term patient morbidity are associated with this procedure. In this report, we outline our unique experience of using an expandable cage for vertebral body reconstruction following S1 sacrectomy in a 66-year-old patient with re-recurrent rectal cancer. We aim to highlight several key steps, with a view to improving postoperative outcomes...
February 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337751/perioperative-pain-management-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-need-more-focus-on-the-forest-and-less-on-the-trees
#5
Christopher A J Webb, Sarah Madison, Stuart B Goodman, Edward R Mariano, Jean-Louis Horn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336816/traumatic-thoracic-rib-cage-hernias-operative-management-and-proposal-for-a-new-anatomic-based-grading-system
#6
John Kuckelman, Riyad Karmy-Jones, Elizabeth Windell, Seth Izenberg, Jean-Stephane David, William Long, Matthew J Martin
BACKGROUND: Traumatic Rib Cage Hernias (TRCH) requiring operative repair are rare and there is currently no literature to guiding surgical management. METHODS: Perioperative review of TRCH over 32 years. Five operative grades were developed based on extent of tissue/bone damage, size, and location. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients (20 blunt, 4 penetrating) underwent operative repair. Lung was the herniated organ in 88% with a median of 4 rib fractures and average size of 60...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336771/surgical-and-endovascular-management-of-patients-with-chronic-mesenteric-ischemia-a-single-center-experience
#7
Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Giorgio C Ginesu, Alessandro Fancellu, Aldo Pischedda, Mario Maiore, Eleonora Maiore, Antonio Pinna, Michele Barmina, Alberto Porcu
Chronic mesenteric ischemia is a rare intestinal disorder, with a potential evolution toward intestinal infraction. The choice of the appropriate treatment is currently the most crucial issue in the management of patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia. We describe our experience with 16 cases, and we discuss the current diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. A retrospective review of the clinical records was performed, and demographic, clinical, therapeutic, and prognostic data were collected. Six patients were females (37%), and the mean age was 62 years...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335017/effect-of-laparoscopy-by-single-port-endoscopic-access-in-benign-adnexal-surgery-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Andy Schmitt, Patrice Crochet, Karine Baumstark, Claire Tourette, Sabine Poizac, Audrey Pivano, Léon Boubli, Ludovic Cravello, Aubert Agostini
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery has become the preferred surgical approach due to a reduction in postoperative pain, better recovery, shorter hospitalization, and improved esthetic outcomes. Laparoscopic surgery with single-port laparoscopy (SPL) is a laparoscopic surgery technique that is based on making a single parietal incision using a single trocar specifically designed to allow introduction of several instruments. The level of evidence regarding the advantages of SPL in terms of postoperative pain has remained low despite several randomized studies...
January 15, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333531/patient-reported-outcome-measures-prom-as-a-preoperative-assessment-tool
#9
Sunghye Kim, Pamela W Duncan, Leanne Groban, Hannah Segal, Rica Moonyeen Abbott, Jeff D Williamson
Aim of review: Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) on functional, social, and behavioral factors might be important preoperative predictors of postoperative outcomes. We conducted a literature review to explore associations of preoperative depression, socioeconomic status, social support, functional status/frailty, cognitive status, self-management skills, health literacy, and nutritional status with surgical outcomes. Methods: Two electronic data bases, including PubMed and Google Scholar, were searched linking either depression, socioeconomic status, social support, functional status/frailty, cognitive status, self-management skills, health literacy, or nutritional status with surgery, postoperative complications, or perioperative period within the past 2 decades...
November 28, 2017: Journal of anesthesia and perioperative medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#10
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325840/early-comparative-outcomes-of-unicompartmental-and-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-severely-obese-patients
#11
Zachary C Lum, David A Crawford, Adolph V Lombardi, Jason M Hurst, Michael J Morris, Joanne B Adams, Keith R Berend
BACKGROUND: Medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) may have advantages over total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the setting of obesity. There has been no direct comparison between the two cohorts. This study compares outcomes and complications of severely obese patients undergoing medial UKA versus TKA. METHODS: Six hundred and fifty medial UKA and 1300 TKA were performed in patients with BMI >35kg/m2 (mean 41kg/m2) between 2007 and 2012. Pre- and postoperative ROM, Knee Society scores, perioperative factors, complications and reoperations were compared...
January 8, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325836/interleukin-6-and-leptin-levels-are-associated-with-preoperative-pain-severity-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-but-not-with-acute-pain-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Syed Azim, James Nicholson, Mario J Rebecchi, William Galbavy, Tian Feng, Sabeen Rizwan, Ruth A Reinsel, Martin Kaczocha, Helene Benveniste
BACKGROUND: Identifying drivers of pain that can serve as novel drug targets is important for improving perioperative analgesia. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with significant postoperative pain. Cytokines contribute to the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis (OA) and associated pain. However, the influence of perioperative cytokine levels after TKA surgery upon postoperative pain remains unexplored. METHODS: We designed a prospective observational study to profile three proinflammatory cytokines, interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), and leptin in serum, synovial, and cerebrospinal fluid of TKA patients perioperatively to determine associations between cytokine levels and pain...
January 8, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324495/intravenously-administered-lidocaine-and-magnesium-during-thyroid-surgery-in-female-patients-for-better-quality-of-recovery-after-anesthesia
#13
Myoung Hwa Kim, Min Soo Kim, Jae Hoon Lee, Sang Tae Kim, Jeong-Rim Lee
BACKGROUND: Although systemic lidocaine and magnesium have been widely studied as perioperative analgesic adjuvants, they have been rarely evaluated with respect to recovery quality under the same conditions. We compared the quality of recovery 40 (QoR-40) scores of female patients who received intravenous lidocaine, magnesium, and saline during thyroidectomy to investigate their effects on comprehensive recovery from anesthesia. METHODS: In this prospective, double-blind trial, 135 female patients scheduled for open thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to the lidocaine group (group L), magnesium group (group M), or control group (group C)...
January 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323616/bipolar-energy-instruments-in-laparoscopic-uterine-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-study
#14
Salih Taşkın, Yavuz Emre Şükür, Duygu Altın, Batuhan Turgay, Bulut Varlı, Volkan Baytaş, Fırat Ortaç
OBJECTIVE: To compare the perioperative outcomes of patients with uterine cancer, who were operated using advanced or conventional bipolar instruments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with clinically early-stage endometrial cancer were randomized to advanced (LigaSure) or conventional (Robi forceps) bipolar groups. Surgeries were performed by laparoscopy. Hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy were done in all cases...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322970/minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-using-bone-cement-augmented-pedicle-screws-for-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-in-patients-with-osteoporosis-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#15
Venkata Ramesh Chandra Vemula, Bodapati Chandramowliswara Prasad, M A Jagadeesh, Jayachandar Vuttarkar, Sanjeev Kumar Akula
BACKGROUND: Instrumentation in patients with osteoporosis is challenging. Bone cement-augmented fenestrated pedicle screw fixation is a new procedure for fixation in the osteoporotic bone; and, applying minimally invasive techniques to the above is a challenging and novel concept. AIMS: To evaluate the clinical and radiological outcome of minimally invasive spine surgery transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) in patients with spondylolisthesis and poor bone quality, performed with rigid instrumentation using bone cement [poly(methylmethacrylate)]-augmented fenestrated pedicle screws...
January 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321104/neurectomy-for-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-in-children
#16
Lindsey B Armstrong, Pradeep Dinakar, David P Mooney
INTRODUCTION: Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) is an underrecognized etiology of chronic abdominal pain that causes great morbidity to those affected. We sought to determine the outcome of neurectomy for ACNES in children. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data on children who underwent neurectomy for ACNES by a single surgeon from 10/2011 to 01/2017 were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients underwent neurectomy for ACNES...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318355/an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-protocol-for-ambulatory-anorectal-surgery-reduced-postoperative-pain-and-unplanned-returns-to-care-after-discharge
#17
Aaron B Parrish, Sean M O'Neill, Steven R Crain, Tara A Russell, Deepak K Sonthalia, Vu T Nguyen, Armen Aboulian
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory surgery for anorectal procedures has been proven to be safe and effective. Specific perioperative pathways combining multiple interventions have been shown to optimize recovery and outcomes associated with inpatient colorectal surgery. However, there are no major studies describing and evaluating a standardized protocol for ambulatory anorectal surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a modified enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol for ambulatory anorectal surgery...
January 9, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318091/nerve-blocks-in-the-geriatric-patient-with-hip-fracture-a-review-of-the-current-literature-and-relevant-neuroanatomy
#18
REVIEW
Nirav H Amin, Jacob A West, Travis Farmer, Hrayr G Basmajian
Introduction: Hip fracture is a common occurrence in the elderly population with high morbidity and mortality due to postoperative pain and opioid use. The goal of this article is to review the current literature on the neuroanatomy of the hip and the use of localized nerve block in controlling hip fracture pain. Methods: A thorough search of MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was conducted using the search terms "hip fracture" and "fascia iliaca block (FICB)...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316936/perioperative-complications-after-surgical-treatment-in-degenerative-adult-de-novo-scoliosis
#19
Maciej J K Simon, Henry F H Halm, Markus Quante
BACKGROUND: Degenerative adult de novo (DAD) scoliosis appears characteristically in the sixth or seventh decade with symptoms of severe back pain and radiculopathy or spinal claudication. The aim of this study was to enhance the knowledge of perioperative complications and detect possible risk factors in this selective DAD scoliosis surgery. METHODS: This retrospective study included only patients with DAD scoliosis undergone correction spondylodesis with previous failure of conservative treatment...
January 10, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316592/the-addition-of-diclofenac-to-a-multimodal-pain-control-regimen-decreases-postoperative-pain-and-opioid-consumption
#20
Nicole E George, Cheryle Gurk-Turner, Jennifer I Etcheson, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Randal De Souza, Spencer S Smith, James Nace, Ronald E Delanois
INTRODUCTION: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a commonly-performed orthopaedic procedure in the United States. However, inadequate postoperative pain management following TKA has been associated with a number of negative consequences, including chronic postoperative pain requiring long-term opioid use. Multimodal pain control is a recently-popularized means of maximizing analgesia and postoperative outcomes. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of a multimodal pain regimen incorporating diclofenac, including: 1) length of stay (LOS); 2) pain intensity; and 3) opioid consumption in primary TKA patients...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
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