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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218070/radiographic-evaluation-of-alignment-following-tka-a-systematic-review
#1
Serban Dragosloveanu, Bogdan Cretu, Stefan Cristea, Cristian Stoica, Calin Dragosloveanu
Postoperative assessment is of paramount importance in primary total knee arthroplasty. A thorough postoperative analysis helps the surgeon anticipate any postoperative potential issues and correlate the preoperative planning with the postoperative result, and provides better understanding of the importance of surgical principles of primary total knee arthroplasty. In addition, postoperative analysis helps the surgeon understand surgical errors and improve future outcomes. Standard radiographs, with a known magnification, should be obtained for postoperative total knee arthroplasty evaluation...
September 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217856/adductor-canal-block-for-post-operative-analgesia-after-simultaneous-bilateral-total-knee-replacement-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-study-the-effect-of-addition-of-dexmedetomidine-to-ropivacaine
#2
Rakhee Goyal, Gaurav Mittal, Arun Kumar Yadav, Rishab Sethi, Animesh Chattopadhyay
Background and Aims: Knee replacement surgery causes tremendous post-operative pain and adductor canal block (ACB) is used for post-operative analgesia. This is a randomised, controlled, three-arm parallel group study using different doses of dexmedetomidine added to ropiavcaine for ACB. Methods: A total of 150 patients aged 18-75 years, scheduled for simultaneous bilateral total knee replacement, received ultrasound-guided ACB. They were randomised into three groups -Group A received ACB with plain ropivacaine; Groups B and C received ACB with ropivacaine and addition of dexmedetomidine 0...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216964/comparison-of-t-2-toxin-and-ht-2-toxin-distributed-in-the-skeletal-system-with-that-in-other-tissues-of-rats-by-acute-toxicity-test
#3
Fang Fang Yu, Xia Lu Lin, Lei Yang, Huan Liu, Xi Wang, Hua Fang, ZMikko J Lammi, Xiong Guo
Twelve healthy rats were divided into the T-2 toxin group receiving gavage of 1 mg/kg T-2 toxin and the control group receiving gavage of normal saline. Total relative concentrations of T-2 toxin and HT-2 toxin in the skeletal system (thighbone, knee joints, and costal cartilage) were significantly higher than those in the heart, liver, and kidneys (P < 0.05). The relative concentrations of T-2 toxin and HT-2 toxin in the skeletal system (thighbone and costal cartilage) were also significantly higher than those in the heart, liver, and kidneys...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216705/-functional-results-of-open-wedge-osteotomies-in-lower-limb-angular-deformities-in-teenagers
#4
C Orellana-Reta, L A Valdez-Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional and radiographic results of adolescent patients with angular deformities of the pelvic limbs treated with an open wedge osteotomy system. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational, prospective, analytical and cross-sectional study of patients with angular deformity of the pelvic limbs treated with an open wedge osteotomy. We made a radiographic evaluation of the femorotibial angle, MAD angle, lower limb discrepancy, and pre- and postoperative degrees of the rotational center of deformity (CORA), as well as a telephone survey of the postoperative functional evaluation IKDC 2000...
May 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216676/effect-of-obesity-on-total-knee-arthroplasty-costs-and-revision-rate
#5
Martin Roche, Tsun Yee Law, Jennifer Kurowicki, Samuel Rosas, Augustus J Rush
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216675/validation-of-a-new-web-based-system-for-point-of-care-implant-documentation-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#6
Deepak Ramanathan, Bishoy V Gad, Matthew R Luckett, Alison K Klika, Kurt P Spindler, Carlos A Higuera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216673/factors-affecting-longer-surgical-times-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-for-obese-patients-a-comparative-study-between-high-and-nonhigh-volume-surgeons
#7
Kengo Harato, Shu Kobayashi, Masaki Nagashima, Takayuki Hasegawa, Hidenori Tanikawa, Shinichi Maeno, So Nomoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216672/conservative-management-after-intraoperative-over-release-of-the-medial-collateral-ligament-from-its-tibial-insertion-site-in-patients-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty
#8
Young Joon Choi, Ki Won Lee, Dong Kyo Seo, Suk Kyu Lee, Sang Bum Kim, Hyun Il Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216671/new-advances-in-surgical-approaches-for-total-knee-arthroplasty
#9
Steven F Harwin, Nipun Sodhi, Anton Khlopas, Assem A Sultan, Michael A Mont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216241/discussion-about-different-cut-off-values-of-conventional-hamstring-to-quadriceps-ratio-used-in-hamstring-injury-prediction-among-professional-male-football-players
#10
Monika Grygorowicz, Martyna Michałowska, Tomasz Walczak, Adam Owen, Jakub Krzysztof Grabski, Andrzej Pyda, Tomasz Piontek, Tomasz Kotwicki
OBJECTIVE: To measure the sensitivity and specificity of differences cut-off values for isokinetic Hcon/Qcon ratio in order to improve the capacity to evaluate (retrospectively) the injury of hamstring muscles in professional soccer screened with knee isokinetic tests. DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Medical and biomechanical data of professional football players playing for the same team for at least one season between 2010 and 2016 were analysed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215495/caregiver-perceptions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-changes-in-cerebral-palsy-patients-after-spinal-arthrodesis
#11
Amit Jain, Brian Sullivan, Suken A Shah, Amer F Samdani, Burt Yaszay, Michelle C Marks, Paul D Sponseller
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a prospective registryObjective: Our objective was to prospectively assess caregivers' perceptions regarding changes in the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients with cerebral palsy (CP) after spinal arthrodesis. We assessed caregiver perceptions from 3 perspectives: 1) qualitative assessment of changes in global quality of life, comfort, and health; 2) relative valuation of spine surgery versus other common interventions in CP patients; and 3) quantitative changes in HRQL scores...
December 5, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214949/-a-review-on-psychosomatic-factors-affecting-the-outcome-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-tka
#12
Matthias Vogel, Christian Riediger, Sebastian Illiger, Jörg Frommer, Christoph H Lohmann
A review on psychosomatic factors affecting the outcome after total knee-arthroplasty (TKA) Objectives: In today's ageing Western societies, arthroplasty is a common treatment for endstage osteoarthritis. Despite highly developed implants and surgery, however, this treatment does not always succeed in relieving pain and restoring joint function, i.e., in restoring satisfactory algofunction. Clinicians partly blame psychological factors for this discrepancy, especially in the absence of objective medical complications...
December 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214919/effect-of-total-contact-orthosis-on-medial-longitudinal-arch-and-lower-extremities-in-flexible-flatfoot-subjects-during-walking
#13
Tulaya Prachgosin, Wipawan Leelasamran, Pruittikorn Smithmaitrie, Surapong Chatpun
BACKGROUND: Total-contact orthosis (TCO) is one kind of foot orthosis (FO) that is used to adjust biomechanics in flexible flatfoot. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a TCO on the MLA moment, MLA deformation angle and lower limb biomechanics. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Seven-flatfoot and thirteen-normal foot subjects were recruited by footprint and radiographs. The biomechanics of subjects with normal foot (NF), flatfoot with shoe only (FWOT) and flatfoot with TCO (FWT) were collected in a 3D motion analysis laboratory and force plates...
December 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214670/recanalization-of-native-superficial-femoral-artery-chronic-total-occlusion-after-failed-femoropopliteal-bypass-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#14
Zhenjiang Li, Rui Feng, Feng Qin, Zhiqing Zhao, Liangxi Yuan, Yiming Li, Junjun Liu, Jiaxuan Feng, Jian Zhou, Junmin Bao, Zaiping Jing
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the outcomes of endovascular recanalization for native superficial femoral artery (SFA) chronic total occlusion (CTO) in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) after femoropopliteal bypass failure with limited surgical revascularization options. BACKGROUND: Endovascular recanalization of native artery occlusions has been recently used as a new alternative for threatened limbs after bypass graft occlusion. The feasibility and efficacy has not been widely reported...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214616/a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-methylsulfonylmethane-versus-placebo-to-prevent-knee-pain-in-military-initial-entry-trainees
#15
David J Tennent, Christina M Hylden, Benjamin K Kocher, James K Aden, Anthony E Johnson
BACKGROUND: Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a naturally occurring sulfur containing substance that has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties. Previous studies using MSM as an oral supplement to improve pain in those patients with knee osteoarthritis have shown superiority compared to placebo. However, these studies are not translatable to active individuals performing high impact activities and have not evaluated MSM as a preventative measure. METHODS: A total of 180 subjects ranging in age from 18 to 40 years were enrolled...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214345/an-investigation-of-the-independent-risk-factors-that-differentiate-gout-from-pseudogout-in-patients-with-crystal-induced-acute-arthritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Chayawee Muangchan, Thitirat Bhurihirun
OBJECTIVES: To identify independent risk factors that differentiate gout from pseudogout in patients that present with crystal-induced acute arthritis. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Siriraj Hospital (Bangkok, Thailand) during the 25 May 2014-28 November 2014 study period. Patients who presented with crystal-induced acute arthritis were eligible for inclusion. Diagnosis of gout or pseudogout was made by microscopic visualization and analysis of crystals in synovial fluid...
December 6, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213219/a-review-on-bone-mineral-density-loss-in-total-knee-replacements-leading-to-increased-fracture-risk
#17
REVIEW
M Gundry, S Hopkins, K Knapp
The link between low bone mineral density (BMD) scores leading to greater fracture risk is well established in the literature; what is not fully understood is the impact of total knee replacements/revisions or arthroplasties on BMD levels. This literature review attempts to answer this question. Several different databases using specific key terms were searched, with additional papers retrieved via bibliographic review. Based on the available evidence, total knee replacements/revisions and arthroplasties lower BMD and thus increase fracture risk...
2017: Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212696/corrigendum
#18
(no author information available yet)
Wall PDH, Parsons NR, Parsons H, Achten J, Balasubramanian S, Thompson P, Costa ML; P. D. H. Wall on behalf of A. P. Sprowson,† M. L. Costa, PAKA Study Group. A pragmatic randomised controlled trial comparing the efficacy of a femoral nerve block and periarticular infiltration for early pain relief following total knee arthroplasty. Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:904-911.
December 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212684/do-higher-volume-hospitals-provide-better-value-in-revision-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#19
N B Frisch, P M Courtney, B Darrith, C J Della Valle
AIMS: The purpose of this study is to determine if higher volume hospitals have lower costs in revision hip and knee arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We questioned the Centres for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Inpatient Charge Data and identified 789 hospitals performing a total of 29 580 revision arthroplasties in 2014. Centres were dichotomised into high-volume (performing over 50 revision cases per year) and low-volume. Mean total hospital-specific charges and inpatient payments were obtained from the database and stratified based on Diagnosis Related Group (DRG) codes...
December 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212683/-hot-joints-infection-protocol-reduces-unnecessary-post-operative-re-admissions-following-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#20
J Dattilo, D Gittings, M Sloan, R Charette, E Hume, G-C Lee
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of an institutionally developed algorithm for evaluation and diagnosis of prosthetic joint injection and to determine the impact of this protocol on overall hospital re-admissions.p PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 2685 total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients prior to (1263) and following (1422) the introduction of an infection detection protocol. The protocol used conservative thresholds for C-reactive protein to direct the medical attendant to aspirate the joint...
December 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
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