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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087957/cardiovascular-risk-assessment-between-urban-and-rural-population-in-malaysia
#1
I Noor Hassim, M R Norazman, M Diana, Y Khairul Hazdi, I Rosnah
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused significant burden to Malaysia as it accounted for 36% of total deaths. This study aims to evaluate the burden of cardiovascular risk factors among Malaysian adult and assess the difference between urban and rural population in the selected communities. METHODS: This study is part of the ongoing Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) database, whereby the baseline data were collected since June 2008. CVD risk was measured using INTERHEART risk score which comprised of eleven risk factors i...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087813/ethnic-differences-in-anthropometric-measures-and-abdominal-fat-distribution-a-cross-sectional-pooled-study-in-inuit-africans-and-europeans
#2
Pernille F Rønn, Gregers S Andersen, Torsten Lauritzen, Dirk L Christensen, Mette Aadahl, Bendix Carstensen, Marit E Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Ethnic variation in abdominal fat distribution may explain differences in cardiometabolic risk between populations. However, the ability of anthropometric measures to quantify abdominal fat is not clearly understood across ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between anthropometric measures and visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAT) in Inuit, Africans and Europeans. METHODS: We combined cross-sectional data from 3 studies conducted in Greenland, Kenya and Denmark using similar methodology...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087246/adipocytokines-and-anthropometric-measures-in-type-2-diabetics
#3
Shubhangi M Harke, Suresh P Khadke, Abhijit A Ghadge, Ashwini S Manglekar, Shashank S Shah, Arundhati G Diwan, Aniket A Kuvalekar
AIM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus has assumed pandemic proportions worldwide. Aggressive management of hyperglycemia in diabetics is a primary goal of treatment. We have previously reported favorable effects of oral hypoglycemic agents on adipocytokines. Aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of adipocytokines with anthropometric measures and biochemical parameters in type 2 diabetics. METHODS: Clinically diagnosed type 2 diabetics and age, gender matched healthy volunteers were recruited for study...
December 30, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087161/effect-of-acetabular-position-on-polyethylene-liner-wear-measured-using-simultaneous-biplanar-acquisition
#4
Prateek Goyal, James L Howard, Xunhua Yuan, Matthew G Teeter, Brent A Lanting
BACKGROUND: Studies that have previously examined the relationship between acetabular component inclination angle and polyethylene wear have shown increased wear of conventional polyethylene with high inclination angles. To date, there are no long-term in vivo studies examining the correlation between cup position and polyethylene wear with highly crosslinked polyethylene. METHODS: An institutional arthroplasty database was used to identify patients who had metal-on-highly crosslinked polyethylene primary total hip arthroplasty using the same component design with a minimum follow-up of 10 years...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087160/mri-retrieval-analysis-and-histologic-evaluation-of-adverse-local-tissue-reaction-in-metal-on-polyethylene-total-hip-arthroplasty
#5
Scott R Nodzo, Christina I Esposito, Hollis G Potter, Chitranjan S Ranawat, Timothy M Wright, Douglas E Padgett
BACKGROUND: The severity and location of adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR) seen in metal-on-polyethylene total hip arthroplasty (THA) is not well described. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who underwent a revision THA using our biomechanics database. We included all patients who underwent revision surgery for the diagnosis of ALTR with THA implants that had modularity solely at the head-neck junction and excluded patients with implant modularity at sites other than the head-neck junction...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087159/the-direct-anterior-approach-for-complex-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-the-extensile-acetabular-approach-on-a-regular-operating-room-table
#6
Ben Molenaers, Ronald Driesen, Guy Molenaers, Kristoff Corten
BACKGROUND: The direct anterior approach on a regular operating room table has been reported with low dislocation rates. This might be beneficial for complex primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) such as in patients with cerebral palsy or following femoral or pelvic osteotomies. Extending the approach is often required to overcome problems such as acetabular deformities or severe contractures. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the results and complications of 29 patients with 37 complex primary THA in which an extensile approach was used...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081249/measuring-physical-activity-with-hip-accelerometry-among-u-s-older-adults-how-many-days-are-enough
#7
Masha Kocherginsky, Megan Huisingh-Scheetz, William Dale, Diane S Lauderdale, Linda Waite
INTRODUCTION: Accelerometers are increasingly used in research. Four to 7 days of monitoring is preferred to estimate average activity but may be burdensome for older adults. We aimed to investigate: 1) 7-day accelerometry protocol adherence, 2) demographic predictors of adherence, 3) day of the week effect, and 4) average activity calculated from 7 versus fewer days among older adults. METHODS: We used the 2003-2006 older adult hip accelerometry data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) sample...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081200/fitter-women-did-not-have-attenuated-hemodynamic-responses-to-psychological-stress-compared-with-age-matched-women-with-lower-levels-of-fitness
#8
Sisitha U Jayasinghe, Susan J Torres, Mais Hussein, Steve F Fraser, Gavin W Lambert, Anne I Turner
According to the 'cross stressor adaptation hypothesis', regular exercise acts as a buffer against the detrimental effects of stress. Nevertheless, evidence that higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness moderate hemodynamic responses to acute psychological stress is inconclusive, especially in women. Women aged 30-50 years (in the mid-follicular phase of the menstrual cycle) with higher (n = 17) and lower (n = 17) levels of fitness were subjected to a Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). Continuous, non-invasive measurements were made of beat-to-beat, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), left ventricular ejection time (LVET), maximum slope, pulse interval (PI) and total peripheral resistance (TPR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079743/normal-radiographic-parameters-in-paediatric-pelvic-radiographs-from-a-chinese-population
#9
Evelyn E Kuong, William T Gardner, Paul A Koljonen, Sudhir K Mahapatra, Wang Chow
: Paediatric pelvic and hip radiographs are a common investigation used when assessing a child for suspected developmental dysplasia of the hip. This report describes an attempt to establish normal values of medial joint space, acetabular index and centre edge angle according to specific age groups and sex in a Chinese population. Patients who had undergone a pelvic radiograph as part of their assessment, but were subsequently found to have normal hips were recruited retrospectively. These patients were grouped according to sex and age; medial joint space, acetabular index and centre edge angle were measured in all radiographs...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079634/characteristics-of-patients-with-satisfactory-functional-gain-following-total-joint-arthroplasty-in-a-postacute-rehabilitation-setting
#10
Avital Hershkovitz, Marina Vesilkov, Yichayaou Beloosesky, Shai Brill
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is an effective and successful treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip and knee as quantified by several measures, such as pain relief, improved walking, improved self-care, functions, and increased quality of life. Data are lacking as to the definition of a satisfactory functional gain in a postacute setting and identifying the characteristics of older patients with TJA who may achieve that gain. Our aim was to characterize patients who may achieve a satisfactory functional gain in a postacute rehabilitation setting following TJA...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079537/successful-total-hip-replacement-with-sequential-administration-of-bypassing-agents-in-an-adolescent-boy-with-hemophilia-a-and-high-inhibitor-titers
#11
Zühre Kaya, Özlem Orhan, Sacit Turanl, İdil Yenicesu, Ülker Koçak, Türkiz Gürsel
There are only a few reports of total hip replacement in patients with hemophilia A and inhibitors. We performed total hip replacement in an 18-year-old adolescent boy who had high inhibitor titers since infancy. Recombinant factor VIIa (NovoSeven) was used as a bypass agent during the surgery. There was no excessive introperative bleeding; however, postsurgical bleeding occurred and was controlled by sequential administration of recombinant factor VIIa and activated prothrombin complex concentrate (FEIBA)...
January 12, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079428/the-first-6-weeks-of-recovery-after-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-fast-track
#12
Lisette C M Klapwijk, Nina M C Mathijssen, Jeroen C Van Egmond, Bianca M Verbeek, Stephan B W Vehmeijer
Background and purpose - Fast-track protocols have been introduced worldwide to improve the recovery after total hip arthroplasty (THA). These protocols have reduced the length of hospital stay (LOS), and THA in an outpatient setting is also feasible. However, less is known regarding the first weeks after THA with fast track. We examined patients' experiences of the first 6 weeks after hospital discharge following inpatient and outpatient THA with fast track. Patients and methods - In a prospective cohort study, 100 consecutive patients who underwent THA surgery in a fast-track setting between February 2015 and October 2015 received a diary for 6 weeks...
January 12, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078867/plasma-endocannabinoid-behaviour-in-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty
#13
R Ottria, L Cappelletti, A Ravelli, M Mariotti, F Gigli, S Romagnoli, P Ciuffreda, G Banfi, L Drago
Endocannabinoids are a class of lipid mediators involved in a wide range of physiological pathways including pain perception, and immunological defences. In particular, the involvement of endocannabinoids in bone metabolism and bone resorption has recently been studied. Moreover, one study on total knee arthroplasty describes the probable role of endocannabinoids in pain perception after surgery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate variations of endocannabinoid concentrations in patients undergoing total hip or total knee arthroplasty before and after surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078363/short-term-outcome-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-dual-mobility-cup-report-from-lithuanian-arthroplasty-register
#14
Sarunas Tarasevicius, Alfredas Smailys, Kazimieras Grigaitis, Otto Robertsson, Justinas Stucinskas
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to investigate how the use of dual-mobility cups (DMCs) affected the risk of revision due to dislocation as well as overall risk of revision compared with a conventional total hip arthroplasty (THA) system in the short term. METHODS: A total of 12,657 primary THAs were registered from the start of 2011 to the end of 2014. 620 THAs were with DMCs. For comparison, we included all registered THAs with Exeter cup and a cemented Exeter stem combined with 28-mm femoral head...
January 12, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078362/use-of-dual-mobility-cup-in-revision-hip-arthroplasty-reduces-the-risk-for-further-dislocation-analysis-of-seven-hundred-and-ninety-one-first-time-revisions-performed-due-to-dislocation-reported-to-the-swedish-hip-arthroplasty-register
#15
Maziar Mohaddes, Peter Cnudde, Ola Rolfson, Alexander Wall, Johan Kärrholm
PURPOSE: Dislocation after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common reason for revision. The last decade fostered a significant increase in the use of dual-mobility cups (DMCs). Here we report our study on the short-term survival rate of a cemented DMC reported to the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register (SHAR) compared with other cemented designs used in first-time revision due to dislocation. METHODS: During 2005-2015, 984 first-time revisions for dislocation were reported to SHAR...
January 11, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077758/inter-rater-agreement-in-radiographic-canine-hip-dysplasia-evaluation
#16
U Geissbühler, S Drazovic, J Lang, J Howard
The objective was to determine the agreement between scrutineers assessing canine hip dysplasia (CHD) within and between the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the Swiss (CH) grading schemes, and between first-opinion and second-opinion scrutineers using the CH scheme. 62 scrutineers, participating in a quality assessment programme, were asked to evaluate 12 sets of hip radiographs. All radiographs had been previously evaluated by a first-opinion and 7 by both a first-opinion and second-opinion scrutineers using the CH scheme...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077124/important-patient-characteristics-differ-prior-to-total-knee-arthroplasty-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-between-switzerland-and-the-united-states
#17
Patricia D Franklin, Hermes Miozzari, Panayiotis Christofilopoulos, Pierre Hoffmeyer, David C Ayers, Anne Lübbeke
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after total knee (TKA) and hip (THA) arthroplasty are often generalized internationally. Patient-dependent factors and preoperative symptom levels may differ across countries. We compared preoperative patient and clinical characteristics from two large cohorts, one in Switzerland, the other in the US. METHODS: Patient characteristics were collected prospectively on all elective primary TKAs and THAs performed at a large Swiss hospital and in a US national sample...
January 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077069/a-pilot-study-of-brisk-walking-in-sedentary-combination-antiretroviral-treatement-cart-treated-patients-benefit-on-soluble-and-cell-inflammatory-markers
#18
Matteo Bonato, Laura Galli, Laura Passeri, Valeria Longo, Gaspare Pavei, Simona Bossolasco, Cecilia Bertocchi, Massimo Cernuschi, Giuseppe Balconi, Giampiero Merati, Adriano Lazzarin, Antonio La Torre, Paola Cinque
BACKGROUND: Chronic HIV infection is associated with low-level inflammation and increased risk of chronic diseases and mortality. The objective was to assess the effects of moderate intensity exercise on metabolic and inflammatory markers in HIV-infected treated persons. METHODS: This was a pilot study enrolling cART-treated, sedentary persons with metabolic complications in a 12-week protocol, consisting of three sessions per week of 60 min brisk walking with (strength-walk group) or without (walk group) 30 min circuit-training...
January 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077008/is-decreasing-mortality-in-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-patients-dependent-on-patients-comorbidity
#19
Eva N Glassou, Alma B Pedersen, Torben B Hansen
Background and purpose - Mortality after primary total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA) has declined, and the proportion of THA and TKA patients with comorbid conditions has increased. We therefore wanted to examine changes in comorbidity burden over time and the impact of comorbid on mortality following primary total hip and knee arthroplasty in patients with osteoarthritis. Patients and methods - We used the Danish arthroplasty registers to identify THA and TKA patients from 1996 through 2013. From administrative databases, we collected data on pre-surgery hospital history for all patients, which were used to calculate the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI)...
January 12, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075436/gait-kinematic-deviations-in-patients-with-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-treated-with-total-hip-arthroplasty
#20
Yong Nie, Ning Ning, Fuxing Pei, Bin Shen, Zongke Zhou, Zongming Li
Comprehensive gait analysis of patients with Crowe type II and III developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) after successful total hip arthroplasty (THA) is lacking in the literature. This study evaluated gait function in joint kinematics after unilateral and bilateral THA in patients with DDH. In addition, the effect of high cup position on gait function was investigated. A total of 16 unilateral and 15 bilateral cementless THA patients due to DDH and 10 healthy participants comprised the study population...
January 11, 2017: Orthopedics
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