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Chronic urinary obstruction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975014/the-relative-burden-of-menopausal-and-postmenopausal-symptoms-versus-other-major-conditions-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-medical-expenditure-panel-survey-data
#1
Annlouise R Assaf, Andrew G Bushmakin, Nina Joyce, Michael J Louie, Michael Flores, Margaret Moffatt
BACKGROUND: The direct costs associated with menopausal and postmenopausal symptoms (hereafter "menopausal symptoms") may include the costs of physician and emergency department visits, medications, laboratory testing, and the management of side effects. However, much remains unknown about the costs related to menopausal symptoms, including how they compare with the costs of other diseases that are common among menopausal women. OBJECTIVE: To compare the economic burden of menopausal symptoms with other select prevalent chronic conditions among a nationally representative sample of US menopausal women aged 45 to 65 years...
September 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969763/peri-and-postsurgical-evaluations-of-renal-transplant
#2
REVIEW
Belkis Erbas
Renal transplantation is the best treatment of choice for patient with chronic renal insufficiency because it provides better quality of life and longer survival. Survival rates for grafts and patients have improved over the recent decades because of significant evolution of surgical techniques and immunosuppressive treatment. However, renal transplantation is still associated with several complications, which may result in poor outcome. Cause of allograft dysfunction, which occurs in the early or late post-transplantation period, should be recognized immediately, so that it can be managed correctly...
November 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952688/-antimicrobial-resistance-of-uropathogens-in-patients-with-acute-obstructive-pyelonephritis
#3
Yu L Naboka, I A Gudima, E V Mitusova, S K Bedzhanyan, P P Morgun, M I Kogan, K T Dzhalagoniya, M A Akimenko
RELEVANCE: Acute pyelonephritis is known to be the most complicated and severe urinary tract infection occurring in all age groups and accounting for 14% of all kidney diseases. The generally recognized standard antibiotic therapy cannot completely prevent the progression of the disease to its chronic form after relief of its acute manifestations thus leading to a high incidence of relapses. The aim of our study was to investigate the spectrum of uropathogens and their antibiotic sensitivity in acute obstructive pyelonephritis...
September 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934906/autonomic-symptoms-in-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Jibril Mohammed, Eric Derom, Inge De Wandele, Lies Rambaut, Patrick Calders
OBJECTIVES: A synoptic description of the autonomic symptoms profile (ASP) of patients with COPD is not available. Therefore, we aimed to provide an overview of autonomic symptoms and its associates in COPD. METHODS: We evaluated 89 subjects with COPD (65 ± 7.3 years; 66 males; GOLD II-IV) with an equal number of age- and sex-matched control subjects by means of the composite autonomic symptom score (COMPASS 31) questionnaire, which assesses autonomic symptoms across six domains (orthostatic intolerance, vasomotor, secretomotor, gastrointestinal, urinary and pupillomotor)...
September 22, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915942/development-of-a-validated-lc-ms-ms-method-for-the-quantification-of-19-endogenous-asthma-copd-potential-urinary-biomarkers
#5
Mona M Khamis, Darryl J Adamko, Anas El-Aneed
Obstructive airways inflammatory diseases sometimes show overlapping symptoms that hinder their early and correct diagnosis. Current clinical tests are tedious and are of inadequate specificity in special population such as the elderly and children. Therefore, we are developing tandem mass spectrometric (MS/MS) methods for targeted analysis of urine biomarkers. Recently, proton-nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H-NMR) analysis proposed 50 urinary metabolites as potential diagnostic biomarkers among asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients...
October 9, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905464/urinary-desmosine-is-associated-with-emphysema-severity-and-frequent-exacerbation-in-patients-with-copd
#6
Changhwan Kim, Yousang Ko, Su Hee Kim, Hyun Ju Yoo, Jae Seung Lee, Chin Kook Rhee, Jin Hwa Lee, Ji-Hyun Lee, Tae-Hyung Kim, Seong Yong Lim, Kwang Ha Yoo, Joon Beom Seo, Yeon-Mok Oh, Sang-Do Lee, Yong Bum Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Matrix degradation is a key feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Desmosine and isodesmosine (desmosines) are excreted in urine following matrix degradation. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the association between computed tomography (CT) emphysema indices and urinary desmosines in patients with COPD. METHODS: A total of 152 subjects were selected from the Korean Obstructive Lung Disease cohort. Their urine samples were assayed for desmosines using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) methods...
September 14, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900830/transhiatal-vs-transthoracic-esophagectomy-a-nsqip-analysis-of-postoperative-outcomes-and-risk-factors-for-morbidity
#7
Francisco Schlottmann, Paula D Strassle, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: Both transhiatal esophagectomy (THE) and transthoracic esophagectomy (TTE) are accepted procedures for esophageal resection. We aimed to compare postoperative outcomes between these procedures and identify risk factors for morbidity. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Adult patients who underwent THE or TTE between 2005 and 2014 were included. Postoperative morbidity, length of stay, and 30-day mortality were compared...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870818/-fatal-female-genital-mutilation-in-a-10-year-old-girl
#8
A Sow, G Diagne, Y Keita, O Sow, A Ndiath, A Ouattara, M-L Sarr, A Sylla, C Moreira
Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external genitalia and/or any other procedures affecting the female genitalia, for cultural or religious reasons or for nontherapeutic purposes in general. FGM is responsible for a number of short-, medium-, and long-term complications that can engage the vital and functional prognosis, especially in African countries. We report on a case in a 10-year-old girl who underwent genital mutilation, a traditional type of total excision during the neonatal period...
September 1, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845528/nutrient-intake-and-urinary-incontinence-in-korean-women-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#9
Jun Ho Lee, Hyo Serk Lee
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between dietary nutrients and female urinary incontinence using nationally representative data from Korea. METHODS: We included 8090 women aged >20 years who had participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV. We carried out a propensity-matched study by identifying women with urinary incontinence. Women without urinary incontinence, matched for age, body mass index, menopause, delivery history, hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, stroke, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and amount of total food intake, were included as a control group at a 2:1 ratio (661 women with urinary incontinence; 1322 women without urinary incontinence)...
August 28, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830420/a-randomised-controlled-two-centre-open-label-study-in-healthy-japanese-subjects-to-evaluate-the-effect-on-biomarkers-of-exposure-of-switching-from-a-conventional-cigarette-to-a-tobacco-heating-product
#10
Nathan Gale, Mike McEwan, Alison C Eldridge, Neil Sherwood, Edward Bowen, Simon McDermott, Emma Holmes, Andrew Hedge, Stuart Hossack, Oscar M Camacho, Graham Errington, John McAughey, James Murphy, Chuan Liu, Christopher J Proctor, Ian M Fearon
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a leading cause of numerous human disorders including lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The development of modified risk tobacco products (MRTPs) has been suggested as a possible way to reduce the risks of tobacco smoking by reducing exposure to cigarette smoke toxicants. This study is designed to investigate whether biomarkers of such exposure are reduced when smokers switch from smoking commercial cigarettes to using either a novel or a commercially-available tobacco heating product (THP)...
August 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766107/examining-of-thallium-in-cigarette-smokers
#11
Amir Ghaderi, Payam NasehGhafoori, Morad Rasouli-Azad, Mojtaba Sehat, Fateme Mehrzad, Mina Nekuei, Jan Aaseth, Hamid Reza Banafshe, Omid Mehrpour
Smoking is one of the sources of thallium which is considered as a toxic heavy metal. The aim of this study was to determine urinary thallium levels and related variables in smokers, compared to a control group. The study was conducted on 56 participants who had smoked continuously during the year before they were referred to Kashan Smoking Cessation Clinic. Fifty-three nonsmokers who were family members or friends of the smokers were selected as the control group. Urinary thallium was measured in both groups (n = 109) using atomic absorption spectrophotometry...
August 1, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762694/pelvic-organ-prolapse
#12
REVIEW
Cheryl B Iglesia, Katelyn R Smithling
Pelvic organ prolapse is the descent of one or more of the anterior vaginal wall, posterior vaginal wall, the uterus (cervix), or the apex of the vagina (vaginal vault or cuff scar after hysterectomy). Prevalence increases with age. The cause of prolapse is multifactorial but is primarily associated with pregnancy and vaginal delivery, which lead to direct pelvic floor muscle and connective tissue injury. Hysterectomy, pelvic surgery, and conditions associated with sustained episodes of increased intra-abdominal pressure, including obesity, chronic cough, constipation, and repeated heavy lifting, also contribute to prolapse...
August 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748117/epidemiology-pathophysiology-and-management-of-uric-acid-urolithiasis-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
A Abou-Elela
An in-depth comprehension of the epidemiology as well as pathophysiology of uric acid urolithiasis is important for the identification, treatment, and prophylaxis of calculi in these patients. Persistently low urinary pH, hyperuricosuria, and low urinary volume are the most important factors in pathogenesis of uric acid urolithiasis. Other various causes of calculus formation comprises of chronic diarrhea, renal hyperuricosuria, insulin resistance, primary gout, extra purine in the diet, neoplastic syndromes, and congenital hyperuricemia...
September 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730405/non-neurogenic-chronic-urinary-retention-what-are-we-treating
#14
REVIEW
John T Stoffel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines current terminology used to define non-neurogenic chronic urinary retention (CUR), describes the pathophysiology of urinary retention, and highlights contemporary diagnostic and treatment algorithms. RECENT FINDINGS: There is no standardized definition for the condition, but volumes >300 ml are commonly used to describe CUR. It is a clinical diagnosis which does not require urodynamics. Pathophysiologic causes of CUR be from myogenic, neurogenic, bladder outlet obstruction, or a combination of these sources...
September 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730326/infectious-diseases-causing-autonomic-dysfunction
#15
REVIEW
Francisco Javier Carod Artal
OBJECTIVES: To review infectious diseases that may cause autonomic dysfunction. METHODS: Review of published papers indexed in medline/embase. RESULTS: Autonomic dysfunction has been reported in retrovirus (human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymphotropic virus), herpes viruses, flavivirus, enterovirus 71 and lyssavirus infections. Autonomic dysfunction is relatively common in HIV-infected patients and heart rate variability is reduced even in early stages of infection...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716323/chronic-urinary-retention-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-physiology-systematic-review-of-urodynamic-data-and-recommendations-for-care
#16
REVIEW
John T Stoffel
Many multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are affected by urinary retention. Common causes include neurogenic underactive bladder and/or bladder outlet obstruction from detrusor sphincter dyssynergia. Systemic review of contemporary MS urodynamic studies demonstrates that 53% of MS patients have detrusor overactivity, 43% have detrusor sphincter dyssynergia, and 12% have atonic bladder (12 studies, 1524 patients). There is no standard definition of MS-related urinary retention, but greater than 300 mL is a proposed threshold value for the condition based on literature review...
August 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707149/long-term-quality-of-life-and-outcomes-following-robotic-assisted-tapp-inguinal-hernia-repair
#17
Andrew Iraniha, Joshua Peloquin
Laparoscopic TAPP inguinal hernia repair is an established alternative to open hernia repair, which offers equivalent outcomes with less postoperative pain and faster recovery. Unfortunately, it remains technically challenging, requiring advanced laparoscopic skills which have limited its popularity among surgeons. The robotic platform has the potential to overcome these challenges. The objective of this study was to examine the long-term quality of life and outcomes following robotic assisted TAPP inguinal hernia repair, since these data have not been reported up to now...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680784/urethral-amyloidosis-in-a-patient-with-iga-nephropathy-after-renal-transplant
#18
Nicholas Ojile, Mona Brake
Urethral amyloidosis is a rare condition that can cause hematuria and urinary obstruction symptoms. While there is no established association between immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy and secondary amyloidosis, which is typically found in chronic inflammatory conditions, it is hypothesized that IgA nephropathy may be a systemic condition with inflammatory mediators. We present a case of urethral amyloidosis in a patient with IgA nephropathy who previously received a renal transplant.
May 30, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671280/impact-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-transsphenoidal-pituitary-surgery-an-analysis-of-inpatient-data
#19
Sei Y Chung, Michael J Sylvester, Varesh R Patel, Michael Zaki, Soly Baredes, James K Liu, Jean Anderson Eloy
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Although previous studies have reported increased perioperative complications among obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients undergoing any surgery requiring general anesthesia, there is a paucity of literature addressing the impact of OSA on postoperative transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) complications. The aim of this study was to analyze postoperative outcomes in transsphenoidal pituitary surgery patients with OSA. Secondarily, we examined patient characteristics and comorbidities...
July 3, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660103/thirty-day-readmission-risk-factors-following-single-level-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-tlif-for-4992-patients-from-the-acs-nsqip-database
#20
Roxanna M Garcia, Ryan Khanna, Nader S Dahdaleh, George Cybulski, Sandi Lam, Zachary A Smith
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To describe the readmission rate and identify risk factors associated with 30-day readmission after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) surgery. METHODS: Patients who underwent elective single level TLIF surgery from 2011 to 2013 were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database. Emergency or trauma cases were excluded...
May 2017: Global Spine Journal
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