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Chronic urinary obstruction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628138/-effects-of-exposure-to-ambient-particulate-matter-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-on-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-in-the-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
Y Zhang, X M Song, Q Zhao, T Wang, L J Li, J Chen, H B Xu, B B Liu, X Y Sun, B He, W Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on systemic oxidative stress biomarkers in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. METHODS: A panel of forty-five diagnosed and stable COPD patients, whose residences were within 5 kilometers from Peking University Health Science Center (PKUHSC), were recruited and followed up twice between November 2014 and May 2015. The lung function index percentage of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) to predicted value (FEV1%pred), was measured to reflect the severity of COPD patients...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623649/allium-stent-for-the-treatment-of-a-malignant-ureteral-stenosis-a-paradigmatic-case
#2
Marco Oderda, Sergio Lacquaniti, Giuseppe Fasolis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present a paradigmatic case where the new-generation Allium URS stent was the optimal choice to treat a malignant ureteral stenosis. METHODS: We describe in detail all the steps of our surgery, performed on a 69-year-old patient with left hydronephrosis caused by lumbo-aortic nodal metastases compressing the ureter. The patient was intolerant to double-J stent due to strong irritative urinary symptoms. Allium URS stent was positioned under fluoroscopy in replacement of pre-existing double-J stent...
June 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580040/pseudo-prune-belly-syndrome-diagnosis-revealed-by-imaging-a-case-report-and-brief-review
#3
Hemal Grover, Sanjay Sethi, Jatin Garg, Amrit Pal Ahluwalia
BACKGROUND: Prune Belly Syndrome (PBS) is a rare entity, usually found in male neonates. It comprises complex urinary tract anomalies, bilateral undescended testis and absence of anterior abdominal wall muscles. Patients with unilateral abdominal wall deficiency, unilateral undescended testis and female neonates with abdominal wall laxity are classified as Pseudo Prune Belly syndrome (PPBS). Reports on PPBS do not highlight the radiological and imaging characteristics of this syndrome and the current literature on the role of newer imaging modalities, such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), remains relatively sparse...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577729/-acute-obstructive-nephropathy-a-pathophysiological-view
#4
Jean-Philippe Haymann, Christophe Vinsonneau, Alexis Girshovich, Michel Daudon
Obstructive acute renal failure is a heterogeneous entity as the pathophysiology of intratubular obstruction is quite different from upper tract obstruction. In the former case, tubules are dilated due to a high hydrostatic pressure whereas pressures are normal in urinary upper tract. In the latter case, a high pressure above the ureteral obstacle is responsible for dilated renal cavities leading to extrinsic compression with no or only few dilated tubules though high hydrostatic pressure are recorded within tubules...
April 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566717/metabolomic-profiling-in-a-hedgehog-interacting-protein-hhip-murine-model-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
Emily S Wan, Yan Li, Taotao Lao, Weiliang Qiu, Zhiqiang Jiang, John D Mancini, Caroline A Owen, Clary Clish, Dawn L DeMeo, Edwin K Silverman, Xiaobo Zhou
Genetic variants annotated to the hedgehog interacting protein (HHIP) are robustly associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Hhip haploinsufficiency in mice leads to increased susceptibility towards the development of emphysema following exposure to chronic cigarette smoke (CS). To explore the molecular pathways which contribute to increased susceptibility, we performed metabolomic profiling using high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectroscopy (LC/MS-MS) on plasma, urine, and lung tissue of Hhip (+/-) heterozygotes and wild type (Hhip (+/+)) C57/BL6 mice exposed to either room-air or CS for six months...
May 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566116/adherence-to-local-antimicrobial-guidelines-for-initial-treatment-of-community-acquired-infections
#6
Trine Langfeldt Hagen, Mathias Amdi Hertz, Gábor Balázs Uhrin, Michael Dalager-Pedersen, Henrik Carl Schønheyder, Henrik Nielsen
INTRODUCTION: Adherence to antimicrobial guidelines is key to ensuring a correct treatment of severe infections and to lessening misuse of broad-spectrum antimicrobials. We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study at the Emergency Department of Aalborg University Hospital, North Denmark Region. Our aim was to examine adherence to local antimicrobial guidelines in the empirical treatment of community-acquired infections and to identity any predictors of guideline non-adherence. METHODS: We identified 1,555 patients who had blood cultures performed and were admitted to the medical emergency department in 2016...
June 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555170/chronic-dialysis-dependent-renal-failure-resulting-from-a-massive-bladder-containing-inguinal-hernia
#7
Michael M Herskowitz, Jamel Reid, Robert F Leonardo
Bladder involvement in inguinal hernia is relatively rare, 1-4%, although the incidence is increased to 10% with advancing age or obesity. There are several previously reported cases presenting with obstructive uropathy and renal failure, but all reversed with urinary diversion and hernia repair. We believe this to be the first reported case of bladder hernia leading to dialysis dependent chronic renal failure.
2017: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538870/liquid-silicone-used-for-esthetic-purposes-as-a-potentiator-for-occurrence-of-post-radiotherapy-genital-lymphedema-case-report
#8
Raíssa Quaiatti Antonelli, Davi Reis Calderoni, Igor Ferreira Garcia, Rafael Fantelli Stelini, Adriano Fregonesi, Paulo Kharmandayan
CONTEXT: Lymphedema consists of extracellular fluid retention caused by lymphatic obstruction. In chronic forms, fat and fibrous tissue accumulation is observed. Genital lymphedema is a rare condition in developed countries and may have primary or acquired etiology. It generally leads to urinary, sexual and social impairment. Clinical treatment usually has low effectiveness, and surgical resection is frequently indicated. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a male-to-female transgender patient who was referred for treatment of chronic genital lymphedema...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537494/survival-from-traumatic-injury-does-not-end-at-hospital-discharge-hospital-acquired-infections-increase-post-discharge-mortality
#9
Nitasha Dhiman, Ram C Rimal, Mark Hamill, Katie M Love, Daniel Lollar, Bryan Collier
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infections (HAI) in trauma patients increase inpatient morbidity and mortality. However, their impact on long-term mortality is not well understood. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective trauma registry analysis of all patients admitted to an academic level I trauma center between July 1, 2008 and December 31, 2012 was performed. Patients included survived to discharge and were 18 years of age or older. Age, gender, Injury Severity Score (ISS), ventilator use, history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and HAI were reviewed...
May 24, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491887/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-after-cholecystectomy
#10
David K Warren, Katelin B Nickel, Anna E Wallace, Daniel Mines, Fang Tian, William J Symons, Victoria J Fraser, Margaret A Olsen
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI) after open or laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of commercially insured persons aged 18-64 years was assembled using International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) procedure or Current Procedural Terminology, 4th edition codes for cholecystectomy from December 31, 2004 to December 31, 2010. Complex procedures and patients (eg, cancer, end-stage renal disease) and procedures with pre-existing infection were excluded...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469309/the-negative-pyelogram-in-urinary-obstruction
#11
Onkar Singh, Partho Mukherjee, Antony Devasia
A case of chronic ureteral obstruction secondary to radiation-related ureteral stricture producing a classic "negative pyelogram" on intravenous urography is presented.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444291/pasteurella-aerogenes-as-an-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-agent
#12
Demet Alaygut, Aynur Engin
'Asymptomatic bacteriuria' (ASB) is isolation of a specified quantitative count of bacteria in an appropriately collected urine specimen obtained from a person without symptoms or signs referable to urinary infection. Catheterized specimens are less likely to be contaminated compared with voided specimens; therefore, positive cultures of catheterized specimens are more likely to reflect true bladder bacteriuria even with low colony counts. The common pathogens for ASB are Escherichia coli, Klebsiella and Streptococcus spp...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404550/pelvic-gossypiboma-with-spontaneous-intravesical-erosion
#13
Prabhjot Singh, Sridhar Panaiyadiyan, Brusabhanu Nayak
A 23-year-old man presented with chronic lower urinary tract symptoms and right flank pain. He had undergone ureterolithotomy a few years ago. Ultrasonography and CT of the abdomen and pelvis showed a right paravesical mass and proximal hydroureteronephrosis. Cystoscopic examination revealed a part of surgical gauze embedded in the right lateral wall of the bladder. The surgical gauze was completely retrieved with grasping forceps without any additional procedures. The patient experienced prompt relief of his symptoms and at follow-up, imaging studies revealed resolution of the pelvic mass and non-obstructed clearance of right-side collecting system...
April 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401541/prevalence-of-urinary-incontinence-among-women-and-analysis-of-potential-risk-factors-in-germany-and-denmark
#14
Louise Schreiber Pedersen, Gunnar Lose, Mette Terp Høybye, Susanne Elsner, Annika Waldmann, Martin Rudnicki
INTRODUCTION: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a prevalent condition that interferes with women's health-related quality of life. Prevalence rates from earlier studies are wide-ranging, due to heterogeneity in methodology, definition of UI and the populations included. We aimed to determine the prevalence of UI and associated risk factors in Germany and Denmark using the same methodology, definition and population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A postal survey was conducted in two regions in Germany and Denmark, including 8000 women aged 18+ years...
April 12, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399929/xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-presenting-as-acute-pleuritic-chest-pain-a-case-report
#15
Justin Chow, Rameez Kabani, Kirstie Lithgow, Magdalena A Sarna
BACKGROUND: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a rare and serious manifestation of chronic kidney inflammation that can be life-threatening if not recognized and treated appropriately, often with antibiotics and surgery. Affected patients are most commonly females in their fifth or sixth decade of life with a background of obstructive uropathy, nephrolithiasis, or recurrent urinary tract infections who present with vague nonspecific symptoms. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43-year-old woman of Russian ethnicity with a history of nephrolithiasis presented to our emergency department with new left-sided pleuritic chest pain amid a 6-week history of constitutional symptoms including fevers, night sweats, and 7 kg of weight loss...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385031/does-paid-versus-unpaid-supplementary-caregiving-matter-in-preventable-readmissions
#16
Hsueh-Fen Chen, Taiye Oluyomi Popoola, Sumihiro Suzuki
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of paid and unpaid supplementary caregiving on preventable readmissions among Medicare home health beneficiaries with diabetes. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study with a home health episode as the unit of analysis. METHODS: We gathered multiple 2009 Medicare data and national datasets (eg, Area Health Resources File). We used propensity score matching based on beneficiaries' predisposing, enabling, and health need factors to create matched cohorts for episodes solely assisted by paid supplementary caregivers versus those solely assisted by unpaid supplementary caregivers...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363141/antimony-and-sleep-related-disorders-nhanes-2005-2008
#17
Franco Scinicariello, Melanie C Buser, Aliya G Feroe, Roberta Attanasio
BACKGROUND: Antimony is used as a flame-retardant in textiles and plastics, in semiconductors, pewter, and as pigments in paints, lacquers, glass and pottery. Subacute or chronic antimony poisoning has been reported to cause sleeplessness. The prevalence of short sleep duration (<7h/night) has been reported to be 37.1% in the general US population, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects 12-28 million US adults. Insufficient sleep and OSA have been linked to the development of several chronic conditions including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity and depression, conditions that pose serious public health threats...
July 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360461/study-the-association-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-early-endothelial-dysfunction-and-its-impact-on-cardiovascular-system-by-estimating-urinary-albumin-creatinine-ratio
#18
Anand Agrawal, Renu Garg, Dibakar Sahu, Mukesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) attribute to systemic inflammation which is responsible for microalbuminuria reflecting endothelial dysfunction, could be a significant surrogate marker of potential cardiovascular morbidity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to find out the possible association of COPD with early cardiovascular changes in the form of renal endothelial dysfunction. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Case-control, multi-group, cross-sectional hospital-based study was designed and conducted in the Department of Respiratory Medicine of BPS Government Medical College for Women, Khanpur Kalan, Sonipat, Haryana...
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340861/a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-long-term-extension-study-of-the-efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-of-fixed-dose-combinations-of-aclidinium-formoterol-or-monotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#19
Anthony D'Urzo, Stephen Rennard, Edward Kerwin, James F Donohue, Alejhandra Lei, Eduard Molins, Anne Leselbaum
INTRODUCTION: Aclidinium bromide/formoterol fumarate (AB/FF) 400/12 μg efficacy and safety was demonstrated in two 6-month Phase III studies (AUGMENT and ACLIFORM) and a 12-month study in patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This Phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 6-month AUGMENT extension investigated the long-term safety and tolerability of AB/FF 400/12 μg (NCT01572792). METHODS: Patients were randomised in AUGMENT (1:1:1:1:1) to twice-daily AB/FF 400/12 μg, AB/FF 400/6 μg, AB 400 μg, FF 12 μg or placebo...
April 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331304/does-urinary-peptide-content-differ-between-copd-patients-with-and-without-inherited-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency
#20
Alfonso Carleo, Joanna Chorostowska-Wynimko, Thomas Koeck, Harald Mischak, Małgorzata Czajkowska-Malinowska, Adriana Rozy, Tobias Welte, Sabina Janciauskiene
Differentiating between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with normal (PiMM) or deficient (PiZZ) genetic variants of alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) is important not only for understanding the pathobiology of disease progression but also for improving personalized therapies. This pilot study aimed to investigate whether urinary peptides reflect the A1AT-related phenotypes of COPD. Urine samples from 19 clinically stable COPD cases (7 PiMM and 12 PiZZ A1AT) were analyzed by capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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