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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633432/factors-associated-with-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-among-us-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2014
#1
Yechiam Ostchega, Guangyu Zhang, Brian K Kit, Tatiana Nwankwo
BACKGROUND: Home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) has a substantial role in hypertension management and control. METHODS: Cross-sectional data for noninstitutionalized US adults 18 years and older (10,958) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), years 2011-2014, were used to examine factors related to HBPM. RESULTS: In 2011-2014, estimated 9.5% of US adults engaged in weekly HBPM, 7.2% engaged in monthly HBPM, 8...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632958/decreased-portal-vein-velocity-is-predictive-of-the-development-of-portal-vein-thrombosis-a-matched-case-control-study
#2
Jonathan G Stine, Jennifer Wang, Puja M Shah, Curtis K Argo, Nicolas Intagliata, Andre Uflacker, Stephen H Caldwell, Patrick G Northup
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in cirrhosis may lead to hepatic decompensation and increased mortality. We aimed to investigate if decreased portal vein (PV) velocity is associated with future PVT. METHODS: Data on adult patients with cirrhosis and PVT between January 1, 2005 and July 30, 2015 were obtained. Cases with PVT were matched by age, gender and Model for End stage Liver Disease (MELD) score to corresponding controls without PVT. Cox proportional hazards models, receiver operator curves and Kaplan Meier curves were constructed...
June 20, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632892/maternal-overweight-and-obesity-and-genital-anomalies-in-male-offspring-a-population-based-swedish-cohort-study
#3
Linn Håkonsen Arendt, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen, Morten Søndergaard Lindhard, Tine Brink Henriksen, Jørn Olsen, Yongfu Yu, Sven Cnattingius
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese pregnant women face higher risk of several critical birth outcomes, including an overall increased risk of congenital abnormalities. Only few studies have focused on associations between maternal overweight and the genital anomalies in boys, cryptorchidism and hypospadias, and results are inconclusive. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study and assessed the associations between maternal body mass index (BMI) in early pregnancy and occurrence of cryptorchidism and hypospadias...
June 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632591/acetabular-retroversion-but-not-increased-acetabular-depth-or-coverage-in-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-a-matched-cohort-study
#4
Tobias Hesper, Sarah D Bixby, Young-Jo Kim, Yi-Meng Yen, Garrett Bowen, Patricia Miller, Michael B Millis, Eduardo N Novais
BACKGROUND: Femoral head overcoverage by a deep and retroverted acetabulum has been postulated as a mechanical factor in slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). We assessed acetabular depth, coverage, and version in the hips of patients with unilateral SCFE; in the contralateral, uninvolved hips; and in healthy control hips. METHODS: Thirty-six patients affected by unilateral SCFE were matched to 36 controls on the basis of sex and age. The acetabular depth-width ratio (ADR), the lateral center-edge angle (LCEA), the anterior and posterior acetabular sector angle (ASA), and version (10 mm distal to the highest point of the acetabular dome and at the level of the femoral head center) were assessed on computed tomography (CT)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631583/dietary-magnesium-intake-and-fracture-risk-data-from-a-large-prospective-study
#5
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marco Solmi, Marianna Noale, Alberto Vaona, Jacopo Demurtas, Stefania Maggi
Research considering the relationship between dietary Mg and osteoporosis as well as fractures are sparse and conflicting. We therefore aimed to investigate Mg intake and the onset of fractures in a large cohort of American men and women involved in the Osteoarthritis Initiative over a follow-up period of 8 years. Dietary Mg intake (including that derived from supplementation) was evaluated through a FFQ at baseline and categorised using sex-specific quintiles (Q); osteoporotic fractures were evaluated through self-reported history...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630652/verification-of-b-lymphocyte-activating-factor-s-involvement-in-the-exacerbation-of-insulin-resistance-as-well-as-an-autoimmune-response-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-patients-with-hcv-related-chronic-liver-disease
#6
Takashi Himoto, Koji Fujita, Takako Nomura, Joji Tani, Asahiro Morishita, Hirohito Yoneyama, Reiji Haba, Tsutomu Masaki
BACKGROUND: Ten to forty percent of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and HCV-related chronic liver disease (CLD-C) patients have antinuclear antibodies (ANAs). However, the relationship between autoimmune response and insulin resistance remains uncertain among those patients. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not ANA status was associated with the development of insulin resistance and obesity in NASH and CLD-C patients. METHODS: Degrees of hepatic fibrosis and steatosis were evaluated by the classification proposed by Brunt et al...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629704/relationship-between-8-year-weight-change-body-size-and-health-in%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-large-cohort-of-adults-in-thailand
#7
Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Wimalin Rimpeekool, Keren Papier, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian C Sleigh
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have been shown to be risk factors for a range of non-communicable diseases, especially cardio-metabolic conditions, worldwide. But less is known about the effects of weight change on adults' overall health and wellbeing, particularly in transitional low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to assess the relationship between 8-year weight change and measures of self-assessed health among Thai adults. METHODS: Data were collected from Thai adults aged 25-40 years (n = 27,003) enrolled in the Thai cohort Study and surveyed in 2005, 2009, and 2013...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629567/ct-coronary-calcium-scoring-with-tin-filtration-using-iterative-beam-hardening-calcium-correction-reconstruction
#8
Christian Tesche, Carlo N De Cecco, U Joseph Schoepf, Taylor M Duguay, Moritz H Albrecht, Domenico De Santis, Akos Varga-Szemes, Virginia W Lesslie, Ullrich Ebersberger, Richard R Bayer, Christian Canstein, Ellen Hoffmann, Thomas Allmendinger, John W Nance
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of CT coronary artery calcium scoring (CACS) with tin pre-filtration (Sn100kVp) using iterative beam-hardening correction (IBHC) calcium material reconstruction compared to the standard 120kVp acquisition. BACKGROUND: Third generation dual-source CT (DSCT) CACS with Sn100kVp acquisition allows significant dose reduction. However, the Sn100kVp spectrum is harder with lower contrast compared to 120kVp, resulting in lower calcium score values...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629270/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-modified-wheelchair-arm-support-to-reduce-shoulder-pain-in-stroke-patients
#9
Ruihuan Pan, Mingchao Zhou, Hao Cai, Youhua Guo, Lechang Zhan, Mei Li, Zhijing Yang, Leying Zhu, Jie Zhan, Hongxia Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of modified wheelchair arm-support to mitigate hemiplegic shoulder pain and reduce pain frequency in stroke patients. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial using computer-generated simple randomization. SETTING: Participants recruited from inpatients at the Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine. SUBJECTS: A total of 120 patients with stroke were divided into two groups...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628796/evaluation-of-cd-cr-cu-ni-and-pb-in-selected-cosmetic-products-from-jordanian-sudanese-and-syrian-markets
#10
A M Massadeh, M Y El-Khateeb, S M Ibrahim
OBJECTIVES: There is no sufficient data that evaluate heavy metal content in cosmetic products in Jordan as well as Sudan and Syria. This study aims to assess metal levels which include Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu), Nickel (Ni), and Lead (Pb) in cosmetic products. These elements have draft limits because they are identified as potential impurities and are known to be toxic. This study aims to provide information to the population that may be beneficial to public health. STUDY DESIGN: Samples were collected from different brands obtained from markets in Jordan, Sudan, and Syria...
June 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628539/effects-of-an-off-axis-pivoting-elliptical-training-program-on-gait-function-in-persons-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-preliminary-study
#11
Liang-Ching Tsai, Yupeng Ren, Deborah J Gaebler-Spira, Gadi A Revivo, Li-Qun Zhang
This preliminary study examined the effects of off-axis elliptical training on reducing transverse-plane gait deviations and improving gait function in 8 individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) (15.5 ± 4.1 years) who completed an training program using a custom-made elliptical trainer that allows transverse-plane pivoting of the footplates during exercise. Lower-extremity off-axis control during elliptical exercise was evaluated by quantifying the root-mean-square and maximal angular displacement of the footplate pivoting angle...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628487/do-toddler-s-fractures-of-the-tibia-require-evaluation-and-management-by-an-orthopaedic-surgeon-routinely
#12
John S Adamich, Mark W Camp
OBJECTIVE: The majority of uncomplicated toddler fractures of the tibia (toddler's fractures) do not need an orthopaedic surgeon's intervention or follow-up. However, inexperienced emergency room physicians, general practitioners and orthopaedic trainees and surgeons understandably defer to a cautious approach of referral and subsequent frequent clinical and radiographic follow-up. An evidence-based pathway can help prevent this overtreatment, reduce unnecessary radiation exposure and decrease the financial burden on families and the healthcare system...
June 16, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628394/nutritional-routine-of-tae-kwon-do-athletes-prior-to-competition-what-is-the-impact-of-weight-control-practices
#13
Sousana K Papadopoulou, Vasiliki A Dalatsi, Spyridon K Methenitis, Konstantinos G Feidantsis, Ioannis G Pagkalos, Maria Hassapidou
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate and assess the common dietary and weight management strategies of Tae Kwon Do (TKD) athletes prior to national competitions, as well as to examine the relationships between these strategies and body weight reduction and sensation of physical condition. METHODS: Sixty (n = 60) TKD athletes, 23 women (19.4 ± 2.9 years) and 37 men (20.4 ± 3.6 years), with at least 12.1 ± 3.1 years of experience, participated in the present study...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628235/expanded-phenotypes-and-outcomes-among-256-lgi1-caspr2-igg-positive-patients
#14
Avi Gadoth, Sean J Pittock, Divyanshu Dubey, Andrew McKeon, Jeff W Britton, John E Schmeling, Aurelia Smith, Amy L Kotsenas, Robert E Watson, Daniel H Lachance, Eoin P Flanagan, Vanda A Lennon, Christopher J Klein
OBJECTIVE: To describe an expanded phenotypic spectrum and longitudinal outcome in 256 LGI1-IgG or CASPR2-IgG seropositive patients. METHODS: Patients were identified through service neural autoantibody evaluation. Ninety-five had longitudinal follow-up (7-456 months; median 35). RESULTS: Among 3,910 patients tested, 196 were LGI1-IgG-positive; 51 were CASPR2-IgG-positive and 9 were dual-positive. CSF-testing was less sensitive than serum-testing, detecting only 24/38 LGI1-IgG-positive (63%) and 5/6 CASPR2-IgG-positive (83%)...
June 19, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627466/patterns-of-intra-articular-injection-use-after-initiation-of-treatment-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#15
Shao-Hsien Liu, Catherine E Dubé, Jeffrey B Driban, Timothy E McAlindon, Charles B Eaton, Kate L Lapane
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe and evaluate longitudinal use of intra-articular injections after treatment initiation among adults with radiographically confirmed knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHOD: Using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative, we included participants with radiographically confirmed OA (Kellgren-Lawrence grade (K-L) ≥ 2) in ≥ 1 knee at baseline. With 9 years of data, 412 participants newly initiating hyaluronic acid or corticosteroid injections with their index visit were identified...
June 13, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627347/-clinical-effect-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-therapy-including-respiratory-exercise-and-vibration-expectoration-on-patients-with-pulmonary-infection-after-abdominal-surgery
#16
Zhou Zhou, Xiaotong Han, Fengling Ning, Hui Wen, Maiying Fan, Xia Yuan, Jieying Luo, Yi Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of pulmonary rehabilitation therapy including respiratory exercise and vibration expectoration on patients with pulmonary infection after abdominal surgery. METHODS: A retrospective case control study was conducted. Seventy-six patients with pulmonary infection after abdominal surgery admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan Normal University from September 2015 to September 2016 were enrolled. According to whether accept the pulmonary rehabilitation therapy or not, the patients were divided into two groups...
March 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627346/-study-on-rac1-mapk-erk-pathway-mediated-mechanism-and-role-in-rats-with-ventilator-induced-lung-injury
#17
Guanghua Tao, Linghui Pan, Ren Jing, Fei Lin, Huijun Dai, Wanyun Ge
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1/mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Rac1/MAPK/ERK) signal pathway in rats with ventilator induced lung injury (VILI) and its mechanism. METHODS: Thirty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into spontaneous respiration group, normal tidal volume (VT) group and high VT group with 10 rats in each group. The rats in spontaneous respiration group were kept their spontaneous breathing...
March 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627339/-evaluation-of-adsorption-effect-of-activated-charcoal-on-oral-paraquat-poisoning-an-experimental-study-on-large-animal
#18
Baisheng Sun, Yuezhong He, Yuhao Pei, Cong Zhang, Xigang Zhang, Zhan Yang
OBJECTIVE: To study the adsorption effect of activated charcoal suspension on paraquat (PQ) in gastrointestinal tract of beagles exposed to PQ. METHODS: Twenty healthy male beagles were randomly divided into experimental group and control group, with 6 beagles in each group. 20% PQ solution (a dose of 30 mg/kg) was prescribed through stomach for beagles in both groups. After exposure to PQ for 30 minutes, the beagles in experimental group were given activated charcoal suspension (1...
March 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627316/associations-between-management-practices-and-colostrum-quality-on-new-zealand-dairy-farms
#19
K S Denholm, J C Hunnam, E L Cuttance, S McDougall
AIMS: To describe colostrum quality in spring-calving dairy herds in New Zealand, in terms of Brix, pH and total and coliform bacterial counts and to investigate associations between farm management practices and these measures of colostrum quality. METHODS: In June 2015, commercial dairy farms (n=105), located in North and South Islands of New Zealand, were visited shortly after the first cows had calved, and when approximately 50% and 80% of the herd had calved (early, middle and late visits)...
June 18, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626850/prescribing-indicators-in-primary-health-care-in-belo-horizonte-brazil-associated-factors
#20
Marina Guimarães Lima, Kátia Reis Dutra, Ursula Carolina Morais Martins
Background The prescription is one of the factors that influences rational use of medicines. The evaluation of prescribing indicators should contribute to organization of primary health care services. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate prescribing indicators and associated factors in primary health care in the northeast health district, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Setting Twenty primary health care units in the Northeast Health District, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Method The study was cross sectional...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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