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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817752/technical-refinements-and-outcomes-of-the-modified-anterior-septal-transplant
#1
Myriam Loyo, Jeffrey D Markey, Deniz Gerecci, Edward El Rassi, Ryan J Li, C Blake Sullivan, Tom D Wang
Importance: Severe anterior septal deviation and resultant nasal obstruction represent a difficult surgical task to correct. The goal of surgery is to straighten the anterior dorsal and caudal struts, while maintaining nasal tip and midvault support. This study presents a novel extracorporeal septoplasty technique to straighten the crooked anterior septum. Objective: To describe the novel anterior septal transplant technique, which consists of complete resection of the caudal septum and reconstruction with extended spreader grafts and a columellar strut, without a separate caudal septal replacement graft...
August 17, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817628/effectiveness-of-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-in-the-prevention-of-primary-gastric-cancer-in-healthy-asymptomatic-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-comparing-risk-ratio-with-risk-difference
#2
Takeshi Seta, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Yoshinori Noguchi, Satoru Shikata, Tatsuya Sakai, Kyoko Sakai, Yukitaka Yamashita, Takeo Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is strongly associated with gastric cancer occurrence. However, it is unclear whether eradication therapy reduces the risk of gastric cancer occurrence. We evaluated whether H. pylori eradication reduces the risk of primary gastric cancer by using both risk ratio (RR) and risk difference (RD). METHODS: Searches of PubMed, EMBASE, Google scholar, the Cochrane Library, and the Japan Medical Abstracts Society as well as those registered in databases of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, metaRegister of Controlled Trials, ClinicalTrials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816526/echocardiographic-assessment-of-right-ventricle-dimensions-and-function-after-exposure-to-extreme-altitude-is-an-expedition-to-8000%C3%A2-m-hazardous-for-right-ventricular-function
#3
Marta Kurdziel, Jarosław Wasilewski, Karolina Gierszewska, Anna Kazik, Gracjan Pytel, Jacek Wacławski, Adam Krajewski, Anna Kurek, Lech Poloński, Mariusz Gąsior
Kurdziel, Marta, Jarosław Wasilewski, Karolina Gierszewska, Anna Kazik, Gracjan Pytel, Jacek Wacławski, Adam Krajewski, Anna Kurek, Lech Poloński, and Mariusz Gąsior. Echocardiographic assessment of right ventricle dimensions and function after exposure to extreme altitude: Is an expedition to 8000 m hazardous for right ventricular function? High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017.-Although the right ventricle (RV) is under great hypoxic stress at altitude, still little is known what happens to the RV after descent...
August 17, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816277/-characteristics-of-ureteral-stone-position-and-dilatation-of-ureter-in-patients-before-treated-with-endourologic-lithotripsy
#4
H Y Ye, Q Q Xu, K Ma, X B Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the position and the size of ureteral stone in patients before treated with ureteroscopic lithotripsy or percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), as well as the dilatation of ureter caused by stone, which may be helpful for better understanding of pathogenesis of ureteral stone and improvement of the diagnosis and treatment in clinic. METHODS: A total of 129 cases with ureteral stone for endourologic lithotripsy in Peking University People's Hospital from Aug...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816208/pm2-5-exposure-elicits-oxidative-stress-responses-and-mitochondrial-apoptosis-pathway-activation-in-hacat-keratinocytes
#5
Rong Hu, Xiao-Yuan Xie, Si-Ka Xu, Ya-Ning Wang, Ming Jiang, Li-Rong Wen, Wei Lai, Lei Guan
BACKGROUND: PM2.5 (aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 μm) is a dominant and ubiquitous air pollutant that has become a global concern as PM2.5 exposure has been linked to many adverse health effects including cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Emerging evidence supports a correlation between increased air PM2.5 levels and skin disorders although reports on the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are limited. Oxidative stress is the most common mechanism of PM2.5-induced adverse health effects...
August 14, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816169/long-term-results-of-a-randomized-trial-comparing-iridium-implant-plus-external-beam-radiation-therapy-with-external-beam-radiation-therapy-alone-in-node-negative-locally-advanced-cancer-of-the-prostate
#6
Ian S Dayes, Sameer Parpia, Jaclyn Gilbert, Jim A Julian, Ian R Davis, Mark N Levine, Jinka Sathya
PURPOSE: To determine the impact on long-term survival from the addition of brachytherapy to external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) in patients with prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between 1992 and 1997, 104 men with cT2-3, surgically staged node-negative prostate cancer were randomized to receive either EBRT (40 Gy/20 fractions) with iridium implant (35 Gy/48 hours) or EBRT alone (66 Gy/33 fractions) to the prostate. According to T stage, Gleason score, and prostate-specific antigen level, 60% of patients had high-risk disease...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815465/non-injection-drug-use-and-injection-initiation-assistance-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-tijuana-mexico
#7
Amen Ben Hamida, Claudia Rafful, Sonia Jain, Shelly Sun, Patricia Gonzalez-Zuniga, Gudelia Rangel, Steffanie A Strathdee, Dan Werb
Although most people who inject drugs (PWID) report receiving assistance during injection initiation events, little research has focused on risk factors among PWID for providing injection initiation assistance. We therefore sought to determine the influence of non-injection drug use among PWID on their risk to initiate others. We used generalized estimating equation (GEE) models on longitudinal data among a prospective cohort of PWID in Tijuana, Mexico (Proyecto El Cuete IV), while controlling for potential confounders...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814619/time-use-patterns-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents
#8
Monica Wong, Tim Olds, Lisa Gold, Kate Lycett, Dorothea Dumuid, Josh Muller, Fiona K Mensah, David Burgner, John B Carlin, Ben Edwards, Terence Dwyer, Peter Azzopardi, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVES: To describe 24-hour time-use patterns and their association with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in early adolescence. METHODS: The Child Health CheckPoint was a cross-sectional study nested between Waves 6 and 7 of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. The participants were 1455 11- to 12-year-olds (39% of Wave 6; 51% boys). The exposure was 24-hour time use measured across 259 activities using the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adolescents...
June 1, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813495/establishing-failure-predictors-for-the-planned-extubation-of-overweight-and-obese-patients
#9
Chien-Ming Chao, Chih-Cheng Lai, Ai-Chin Cheng, Shyh-Ren Chiang, Wei-Lun Liu, Chung-Han Ho, Shu-Chen Hsing, Chin-Ming Chen, Kuo-Chen Cheng
We investigated failure predictors for the planned extubation of overweight (body mass index [BMI] = 25.0-29.9) and obese (BMI ≥ 30) patients. All patients admitted to the adult intensive care unit (ICU) of a tertiary hospital in Taiwan were identified. They had all undergone endotracheal intubation for > 48 h and were candidates for extubation. During the study, 595 patients (overweight = 458 [77%]); obese = 137 [23%]) with planned extubation after weaning were included in the analysis; extubation failed in 34 patients (5...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813476/paratubular-basement-membrane-insudative-lesions-predict-renal-prognosis-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-biopsy-proven-diabetic-nephropathy
#10
Koki Mise, Yutaka Yamaguchi, Junichi Hoshino, Toshiharu Ueno, Akinari Sekine, Keiichi Sumida, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Noriko Hayami, Tatsuya Suwabe, Rikako Hiramatsu, Eiko Hasegawa, Naoki Sawa, Takeshi Fujii, Shigeko Hara, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada, Kenichi Ohashi, Kenmei Takaichi, Yoshifumi Ubara
AIMS: Glomerular insudative lesions are a pathological hallmark of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, paratubular basement membrane insudative lesions (PTBMIL) have not attracted much attention, and the association between such lesions and the renal prognosis remains unclear. METHODS: Among 142 patients with biopsy-proven DN and type 2 diabetes encountered from 1998 to 2011, 136 patients were enrolled in this study. Patients were classified into 3 groups (Group 1: mild, Group 2: moderate, Group 3: severe) according to the extent of cortical and medullary PTBMIL...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813218/five-year-outcomes-after-on-pump-and-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass
#11
A Laurie Shroyer, Brack Hattler, Todd H Wagner, Joseph F Collins, Janet H Baltz, Jacquelyn A Quin, G Hossein Almassi, Elizabeth Kozora, Faisal Bakaeen, Joseph C Cleveland, Muath Bishawi, Frederick L Grover
Background Coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery may be performed either with cardiopulmonary bypass (on pump) or without cardiopulmonary bypass (off pump). We report the 5-year clinical outcomes in patients who had been included in the Veterans Affairs trial of on-pump versus off-pump CABG. Methods From February 2002 through June 2007, we randomly assigned 2203 patients at 18 medical centers to undergo either on-pump or off-pump CABG, with 1-year assessments completed by May 2008. The two primary 5-year outcomes were death from any cause and a composite outcome of major adverse cardiovascular events, defined as death from any cause, repeat revascularization (CABG or percutaneous coronary intervention), or nonfatal myocardial infarction...
August 17, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811715/sex-influenced-association-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-with-colorectal-adenomatous-and-hyperplastic-polyps
#12
Qin-Fen Chen, Xiao-Dong Zhou, Yang-Jie Sun, Dan-Hong Fang, Qian Zhao, Jun-Hua Huang, Yin Jin, Jian-Sheng Wu
AIM: To investigate the relationship between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and colorectal adenomatous and hyperplastic polyps. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 3686 individuals undergoing health checkups (2430 males and 1256 females). All subjects underwent laboratory testing, abdominal ultrasonography, colonoscopy, and an interview to ascertain the baseline characteristics and general state of health. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association between NAFLD and the prevalence of colorectal adenomatous and hyperplastic polyps...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811692/experimental-validation-of-antidiabetic-and-antioxidant-potential-of-cassia-tora-l-an-indigenous-medicinal-plant
#13
Vishnu Kumar, Ranjana Singh, Farzana Mahdi, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Raj Kumar Singh
The present study was undertaken to evaluate antidiabetic and antioxidant activities of Cassia tora (C. tora) seeds extract against streptozotocin induced diabetes in experimental rats to scientifically validate its use against diabetes. Ethanolic extract of C. tora seeds extract and standard drug (glibenclamide) prepared in aqueous gum acacia (2 %, w/v) suspension and fed orally to streptozotocin induced male adult diabetic rats of Charles Foster strain for 15 days. Biochemical parameters in normal, diabetic control, standard (600 μg/kg bw p...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811317/sleep-duration-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes
#14
Alicja R Rudnicka, Claire M Nightingale, Angela S Donin, Naveed Sattar, Derek G Cook, Peter H Whincup, Christopher G Owen
BACKGROUND: Associations between sleep duration and type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk markers in childhood have been little studied. We examined associations between self-reported sleep duration and T2D risk markers in children. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 4525 multiethnic UK children aged 9 to 10 years. Sleep time was calculated from self-reported usual time of going to bed and getting up on a school day, validated in a subset using accelerometers. Fasting blood samples provided levels of serum lipids and insulin, plasma glucose, and HbA1c...
August 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811173/prenatal-exposure-to-pyrethroid-pesticides-and-childhood-behavior-and-executive-functioning
#15
Melissa A Furlong, Dana Boyd Barr, Mary S Wolff, Stephanie M Engel
Several previous studies of pyrethroid biomarkers and behavior have reported associations between concurrent pyrethroid levels and adverse behavioral problems in children. One geospatial study reported associations between prenatal exposure to pyrethroids and autism. However, the association between prenatal pyrethroid biomarkers and childhood behavior is unknown. The Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Center is a prospective birth cohort with urinary pyrethroid biomarkers during pregnancy and behavioral measurements at 4, 6, and 7-9 years of age...
August 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810313/-efficacy-and-safety-of-tiotropium-respimat-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-systematic-review
#16
H D Cai, J Hou, Y N Lyu, L Xiong, M Z Lu, S L Wu
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tiotropium Respimat in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) according to the Cochrane systematic evaluation. Methods: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, VIP and CBM, Wanfang Data were searched(from the foundation date to Jan. 2016) for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of tiotropium Respimat in the treatment of patients with COPD. Two reviewers independently retrieved the RCTs according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, assessed the methodological quality of the included trials...
August 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809863/dynamic-plasma-micrornas-are-biomarkers-for-prognosis-and-early-detection-of-recurrence-in-colorectal-cancer
#17
Zixu Yuan, Kelsey Baker, Mary W Redman, Lei Wang, Scott V Adams, Ming Yu, Brandon Dickinson, Karen Makar, Neli Ulrich, Jürgen Böhm, Michelle Wurscher, Maria Westerhoff, Steve Medwell, Ravi Moonka, Mika Sinanan, Alessandro Fichera, Kathy Vickers, William M Grady
BACKGROUND: Plasma microRNAs (miRNAs) are promising non-invasive biomarkers for colorectal cancer (CRC) prognosis. However, the published studies to date have yielded conflicting and inconsistent results for specific plasma miRNAs. METHODS: We have conducted a study using robust assays to assess a panel of nine miRNAs for CRC prognosis and early detection of recurrence. Plasma samples from 144 patients in a prospective CRC cohort study were collected at diagnosis, 6, 12, and 24 months after diagnosis...
August 15, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808658/trends-and-inequalities-in-use-of-maternal-health-care-services-in-nepal-strategy-in-the-search-for-improvements
#18
Suresh Mehata, Yuba Raj Paudel, Maureen Dariang, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Bibek Kumar Lal, Mukti Nath Khanal, Deborah Thomas
BACKGROUND: Nepal has made significant progress against the Millennium Development Goals for maternal and child health over the past two decades. However, disparities in use of maternal health services persist along geographic, economic, and sociocultural lines. METHODS: Trends and inequalities in the use of maternal health services in Nepal between 1994 and 2011 were examined using four Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS), nationally representative cross-sectional surveys conducted by interviewing women who gave birth 3-5 years prior to the survey...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808597/visual-evoked-potentials-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#19
Mukesh Kumar Jha, Dilip Thakur, Nirmala Limbu, Badri Prasad Badhu, Bishnu Hari Paudel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) assess the integrity of the visual pathways from the optic nerve to the occipital cortex. Optic disc cupping and visual field loss have been associated with prolongation of latency of VEP in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: Pattern reversal and flash VEP tests were done in consenting 20 primary open angle glaucoma eyes and 40 normal control eyes. RESULTS: In POAG cases, the refractive error [3...
2017: Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808503/prognostic-efficacy-of-inflammation-based-markers-in-patients-with-curative-colorectal-cancer-resection
#20
Özgür Akgül, Erdinç Çetinkaya, Metin Yalaza, Sabri Özden, Mesut Tez
AIM: To evaluate the prognostic significance of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and other clinicopathological factors in patients undergoing curative resection of colon cancer. METHODS: 183 patients with histologically proven colorectal cancer who had undergone potentially curative resection between 2010 and 2016 at Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital were retrospectively analyzed and clinicopathological characteristics included age, sex, tumor type, grade, size and localization, the number of metastatic and total number of lymph nodes removed, vascular and perineural invasion of the tumor, TNM stages, tumor marker levels (CEA, CA19-9, AFP, CA-125, CA15-3), complete blood counts, albumin levels, overall survival (months), NLR, PLR, LMR and PNI ratios were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed from the electronic database...
July 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
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