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Michela Balconi, Laurent Pezard, Jean-Louis Nandrino, Maria Elide Vanutelli
Inter-brain synchronization during joint actions is a core question in social neuroscience, and the differential contribution of intra- and inter-brain functional connectivity has yet to be clarified along with the role of psychological variables such as perceived self-efficacy. The cognitive performance and the neural activation underlying the execution of joint actions were recorded by functional Near-Infrared imaging during a synchronicity game. An 8-channel array of optodes was positioned over the frontal and prefrontal regions...
2017: PloS One
Piotr Lachert, Dariusz Janusek, Przemyslaw Pulawski, Adam Liebert, Daniel Milej, Katarzyna J Blinowska
A relationship between the brain rhythmic activity and the hemodynamic response was studied using the simultaneous measurement of electroencephalogram (EEG) and the functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) during a motor task (self-paced right finger movements) for 10 subjects. An EEG recording with a 32-electrode (10-10) system was made and the hemodynamic response was obtained using 8 optodes placed over the sensorimotor cortex on both hemispheres. During the task an increase in oxyhemoglobine (HbO) was accompanied by a decrease in deoxyhemoglobine (HbR) concentration and a decrease in amplitudes (desynchronisation) of alpha (8-13 Hz) and beta (13-30 Hz) EEG rhythms...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Nobuko Shimizu, Tomohiro Umemura, Masahiro Matsunaga, Takayoshi Hirai
Hypofrontality is a state of decreased cerebral blood flow in the prefrontal cortex during executive function performance; it is commonly observed in patients with schizophrenia. Cognitive dysfunction, as well as the psychological symptoms of schizophrenia, influences the ability of patients to reintegrate into society. The current study investigated the effects of an interactive sports video game (IVG; Nintendo Wii™ Sports Resort) on frontal lobe function of patients with schizophrenia. A sample of eight patients (6 male and 2 female; mean age = 46...
2017: PloS One
Priscila Caçola, Nancy Getchell, Dhivya Srinivasan, Georgios Alexandrakis, Hanli Liu
Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is as a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by poor motor proficiency, which impacts academic performance and activities of daily living. Several studies have determined that children with DCD activate different regions of the brain when performing motor skills in comparison to typically developing (TD) children. However, none have used Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) to explore cortical activation in this population. With that, the goal of this preliminary study was to investigate cortical activation using fNIRS in six children with DCD and six TD children between ages of 8 and 12 years...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Seul-Ki Yeom, Dong-Ok Won, Seong In Chi, Kwang-Suk Seo, Hyun Jeong Kim, Klaus-Robert Müller, Seong-Whan Lee
On sedation motivated by the clinical needs for safety and reliability, recent studies have attempted to identify brain-specific signatures for tracking patient transition into and out of consciousness, but the differences in neurophysiological effects between 1) the sedative types and 2) the presence/absence of surgical stimulations still remain unclear. Here we used multimodal electroencephalography-functional near-infrared spectroscopy (EEG-fNIRS) measurements to observe electrical and hemodynamic responses during sedation simultaneously...
2017: PloS One
Feng-Mei Lu, Yi-Feng Wang, Juan Zhang, Hua-Fu Chen, Zhen Yuan
Recent neuroimaging studies revealed that the dominant frequency of neural oscillations is brain-region-specific and can vary with frequency-specific reorganization of brain networks during cognition. In this study, we examined the dominant frequency in low-frequency neural oscillations represented by oxygenated hemoglobin measurements after the hemodynamic response function (HRF) deconvolution. Twenty-nine healthy college subjects were recruited to perform a serial finger tapping task at the frequency of 0...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
Martin J Herrmann, Anna K Horst, Sophia Löble, Mira T Möll, Andrea Katzorke, Thomas Polak
Non-invasive brain stimulation is widely used to investigate and manipulate specific brain functions to broaden knowledge about healthy people, and also to provide for a potential treatment option for people with various psychopathological disorders that do not adequately benefit from traditional treatments. Nevertheless, the underlying mechanisms have not been fully investigated yet. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether we could alter the brain activity during a test for executive functioning...
October 27, 2017: Neuroscience
Makii Muthalib, Marco Ferrari, Valentina Quaresima, Graham Kerr, Stephane Perrey
This study used non-invasive functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) neuroimaging to monitor bilateral sensorimotor region activation during unilateral voluntary (VOL) and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES)-evoked movements. METHODS: In eight healthy male volunteers, fNIRS was used to measure relative changes in oxyhaemoglobin (O2 Hb) and deoxyhaemoglobin (HHb) concentrations from a cortical sensorimotor region of interest in the left (LH) and right (RH) hemispheres during NMES-evoked and VOL wrist extension movements of the right arm...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Helga O Miguel, Isabel C Lisboa, Óscar F Gonçalves, Adriana Sampaio
Affective touch has been associated with affiliative behavior during early stages of infant development; however, its underlying brain mechanisms are still poorly understood. This study used fNIRS (functional near-infrared spectroscopy) to examine both affective and discriminative touch in 7- month-old infants (n=35). Infants were provided affective stimuli on the forearm for 10 sec followed by a 20 sec rest period. The protocol was repeated for discriminative touch, and both affective and discriminative stimuli were given in a counterbalanced order...
October 31, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Sangtae Ahn, Sung C Jun
Multi-modal integration, which combines multiple neurophysiological signals, is gaining more attention for its potential to supplement single modality's drawbacks and yield reliable results by extracting complementary features. In particular, integration of electroencephalography (EEG) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is cost-effective and portable, and therefore is a fascinating approach to brain-computer interface (BCI). However, outcomes from the integration of these two modalities have yielded only modest improvement in BCI performance because of the lack of approaches to integrate the two different features...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Raul Fernandez Rojas, Xu Huang, Keng-Liang Ou
Pain diagnosis for nonverbal patients represents a challenge in clinical settings. Neuroimaging methods, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), have shown promising results to assess neuronal function in response to nociception and pain. Recent studies suggest that neuroimaging in conjunction with machine learning models can be used to predict different cognitive tasks. The aim of this study is to expand previous studies by exploring the classification of fNIRS signals (oxyhaemoglobin) according to temperature level (cold and hot) and corresponding pain intensity (low and high) using machine learning models...
October 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
K M Arun, K A Smitha, P G Rajesh, Chandrasekharan Kesavadas
Purpose Understanding language dominance is crucial in pre-surgical evaluation of patients with epilepsy and in patients having a tumour close to the language area. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies are well established in evaluating language dominance. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a non-invasive optical imaging modality that offers a convenient and affordable technique to image language-related cortical areas. This study investigates the agreement between results from task-based fMRI and fNIRS in determining language lateralisation...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
Hasan O Keles, Milena Radoman, Gladys N Pachas, A Eden Evins, Jodi M Gilman
Intoxication from cannabis impairs cognitive performance, in part due to the effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis) on prefrontal cortex (PFC) function. However, a relationship between impairment in cognitive functioning with THC administration and THC-induced change in hemodynamic response has not been demonstrated. We explored the feasibility of using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to examine the functional changes of the human PFC associated with cannabis intoxication and cognitive impairment...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
A von Luhmann, K-R Muller
OBJECTIVE: In medical applications, neuroscience and brain-computer interface research, bimodal acquisition of brain activity using Electroencephalography (EEG) and functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) is at the moment achieved by combining separate commercial devices. We have investigated quantitatively whether dedicated hybrid systems exhibit more advantageous properties. METHODS: We studied intermodality electrical crosstalk and timing jitter in two separate and one hybrid EEG-NIRS acquisition device...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Hiroko Kotani, Misa Kato, Maka Matsuno, Kasumi Kuramoto, Hidenori Nakagawa
We carried out further research into the prefrontal hemodynamics corresponding to changes in a women's auditory sense during pregnancy and child raising. A total of forty-six volunteers took part in our experiment, and we divided them into several groups in accordance with the progress of their child raising. For the auditory tasks performed by the volunteers, we used two auditory stimulations: the sound of baby crying, and a classical music as a control. Hemodynamic changes at the prefrontal regions were measured using a 2 ch functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) along with a 47 ch fNIRS instrument equipped with 3×5 probes (22 ch)...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Tianjiao Zeng, Debbie Peru, Venda Porter Maloney, Laleh Najafizadeh
We present the first investigation of how the cortical regions of the brain respond to the sensations related to oral irritation, using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). fNIRS is used to record irritant-induced activities in the prefrontal and somatosensory regions of nine healthy individuals. Two types of solutions, irritant-free and soft tissue-irritant-contained, are adopted as the stimuli for the control and task experiments, respectively. Our findings reveal that both somatosensory and prefrontal regions show activity as a result of oral irritation...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Raul Fernandez Rojas, Xu Huang, Jesus Hernandez-Juarez, Keng-Liang Ou
Physiological fluctuations are commonly present in functional studies of hemodynamic response such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). However, the effects of these signals in neural mechanisms are not fully understood. Thus, the aim of this study is to propose that frequency-specific networks exist in the somatosensory region within the frequency range of physiological fluctuations. We used a wavelet coherence approach to identify functional connectivity between cortical regions...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Juanhong Yu, Kai Keng Ang, Su Hui Ho, Angelia Sia, Roger Ho
Recent studies have shown that pleasant and unpleasant emotions could be detected through functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS). This study investigates the prefrontal cortical activation in human subjects while they were viewing urban and garden scenes. A multi-channel continuous wave fNIRS system was used to record the prefrontal cortical activations from seven subjects. During the data collection, the subjects viewed 40 trials of video clips. In each trial, the subjects viewed a video of randomized urban or garden scenes for 30s followed by 30s of idle scene which showed a dark blue progress bar on black background on the screen...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Rihui Li, Chushan Wang, Kairong Huang, Zhixi Shi, Jun Wang, Yingchun Zhang
Effects of high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) with a subthreshold intensity on hemodynamic response in brain cortices (both motor and prefrontal cortices) was investigated using the functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) technique. FNIRS signals of the motor and prefrontal cortices were acquired in healthy volunteers (n=7) at rest and during rTMS intervention. A significant reduction in oxygenated hemoglobin (HbO) concentration during the entire stimulation process was observed from both motor and prefrontal cortices...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Yuxuan Chen, Jesse Farrand, Julia Tang, Yafen Chen, Johnny O'Keeffe, Guofa Shou, Lei Ding, Han Yuan
Most of the prior studies of functional connectivity in both healthy and diseased brain utilized resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) as a measure to represent the temporal synchrony in blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signals across brain regions. To eliminate the impact of widely distributed global signal component across the brain, many studies have adopted global signal regression (GSR) as a pre-processing approach to regress the global signal component out of BOLD signals followed by computing hemodynamic connectivity...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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