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Functional infra red spectroscopy

Jin-Young Hong, Yongju Jung, Kwang-Man Kim, Seok Kim
Zeolitic imidazolate framework-sulfur composites were synthesized by a simple solvothermal reaction. Furthermore, following thermal treatment enable electrochemical properties to be improved. In order to investigate optimal temperature, we conducted thermal treatment as a function of different temperature. The morphology of the composites was examined by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy and Fourier Transform Infra-red Spectroscopy. Electrochemical characterizations were also conducted by cyclic voltammetry and Galvanostatic charge-discharge tests...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Zahra Hadian, Majedeh Maleki, Khosro Abdi, Fatemeh Atyabi, Abdoreza Mohammadi, Ramin Khaksar
The aim of the present study was to formulate β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) nanoparticles loaded with geraniol (GR) essential oil (EO) with appropriate physicochemical properties. Complexation of GR with β-CD was optimized by evaluation of four formulations, using the co-precipitation method, and the encapsulation efficiency (EE), loading, size, particle size distribution (PDI) and zeta potential were investigated. Further characterization was performed with nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1 H NMR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and infra-red (IR) spectroscopy analysis...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Pascale Blond, Alice Mattiuzzi, Hennie Valkenier, Ludovic Troian-Gautier, Jean-François Bergamini, Thomas Doneux, Erik Goormaghtigh, Vincent Raussens, Ivan Jabin
Biosensors that can determine protein concentration and structure are highly desired for biomedical applications. For the development of such biosensors, the use of Fourier transformed infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy with the attenuated internal total reflection (ATR) configuration is particularly attractive but it requires appropriate surface functionalization of the ATR optical element. Indeed, the surface has to specifically interact with a target protein in close contact with the optical element and must display antifouling properties to prevent nonspecific adsorption of other proteins...
May 3, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
J Hetmańczyk, J Nowicka-Scheibe, J K Maurin, A Pawlukojć
Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) and infra-red (IR) spectroscopy methods were used for determination of dynamic structure of l-leucine - chloranilic acid complex. A theoretical dynamic pattern calculated by the density functional theory (DFT) method for periodic boundary conditions accompanied the experimental ones. Normal modes in the vibrational spectra were defined and described. The characteristic presence of the Hadži's trio enriched by numerous submaxima is observed in the wavenumber range 3200-800 cm-1 ...
April 3, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Muhammad Aqil, Myung Yung Jeong
The robust characterization of real-time brain activity carries potential for many applications. However, the contamination of measured signals by various instrumental, environmental, and physiological sources of noise introduces a substantial amount of signal variance and, consequently, challenges real-time estimation of contributions from underlying neuronal sources. Functional near infra-red spectroscopy (fNIRS) is an emerging imaging modality whose real-time potential is yet to be fully explored. The objectives of the current study are to (i) validate a time-dependent linear model of hemodynamic responses in fNIRS, and (ii) test the robustness of this approach against measurement noise (instrumental and physiological) and mis-specification of the hemodynamic response basis functions (amplitude, latency, and duration)...
April 23, 2018: NeuroImage
Alaknanda J Adur, N Nandini, K Shilpashree Mayachar, R Ramya, N Srinatha
Silver nanoparticles were prepared through eco-friendly, cost effective, bio-mediated technique using anaerobically digested Parthenium hysterophorous digested slurry (PDS) for the first time. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized through different techniques such as UV-Vis spectrophotometer for optical properties; X-ray diffractometer (XRD), high resolution transmission electron spectroscopy (HR-TEM) and Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) Spectroscopy for structural property investigations. It was observed that the prepared silver nanoparticles were crystallized in face centered cubic crystal structure with an average particle size of 19 nm as confirmed from XRD...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Haq Nawaz, Muhammad Aslam Shad, Sadia Saleem, Muhammad Umar Aslam Khan, Umar Nishan, Tahir Rasheed, Muhammad Bilal, Hafiz M N Iqbal
The present study aimed to investigate the influence of microwave irradiation on the physical and functional properties of starch extracted from Nelumbo nucifera seed flour. The seed flour was obtained by manual grinding of seeds and irradiated at different microwave treatment time, i.e., 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5min at the low-medium intensity. The starch was extracted in distilled water and dried at room temperature using a vacuum desiccator. The morphology, crystal structure, and surface parameters of starch granules were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy and Brunauer, Emmett and Teller surface analysis techniques...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Meenakshi Sundaram Sri Abirami Saraswathi, Dipak Rana, Alagumalai Nagendran, Subbiah Alwarappan
Herein, we report the effect of the exfoliated molybdenum disulfide (eMoS2 ) nanosheets in improving the permeability and anti-fouling properties of the PEI ultra-filtration (UF) membrane using bovine serum albumin (BSA) and humic acid (HA) as model fouling agents. The PEI/eMoS2 nanocomposite membranes were prepared via phase inversion method using three different eMoS2 concentrations (0.5, 1 and 2wt%) designated as PEI-0.5, PEI-1 and PEI-2, respectively. Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy employed to probe the surface functionalities on the membranes...
February 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Jun Hee Kim, Mahesh Kumar Joshi, Joshua Lee, Chan Hee Park, Cheol Sang Kim
Depositing of hierarchical ZnO nanostructures on electrospun nanofibers and their proper attachment has gained significant interest for myriad applications. However, the weak attachment of such nanostructures to the nanofiber surface limits their practical applications. In this study, a simple and efficient method has been developed for preparing hierarchical ZnO nanorod deposited polyurethane (PU) nanofiber by combining electrospinning, surface functionalization and hydrothermal treatment. Electrospun PU nanofibers were coated with polydopamine (Pdopa) via dip coating method...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Xin Chen, David McAteer, Cormac McGuinness, Ian Godwin, Jonathan N Coleman, Aidan R McDonald
Metallic-phase molybdenum disulfide (1T-MoS2 ) nanosheets have proven to be highly active in the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). We describe construction of photosensitizer functionalized 1T-MoS2 by covalently tethering the molecular photosensitizer [RuII (bpy)3 ]2+ (bpy=2,2'-bipyridine) on 1T-MoS2 nanosheets. This was achieved by covalently tethering the bpy ligand to 1T-MoS2 nanosheets, and subsequent complexation with [RuII (bpy)2 Cl2 ] to yield [RuII (bpy)3 ]-MoS2 . The obtained [RuII (bpy)3 ]-MoS2 nanosheets were characterized using infra-red, electronic absorption, X-ray photoelectron, and Raman spectroscopies, X-ray powder diffraction and electron microscopy...
January 9, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Dhayalan Arul, Govindasamy Balasubramani, Velramar Balasubramanian, Thillainathan Natarajan, Pachiappan Perumal
Bacteria are generally responsible for the prevalence of several diseases and pathogenic bacteria are showing increasing resistance to different antibacterials. During the present study an extremophilic bacterium-A30 isolated from the marine waters was characterized and evaluated against four multi-drug resistant (MDR) pathogens, viz; Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The sensitivity pattern of the selected pathogens was tested with 31 antibiotics...
October 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
Meshude Akbulut Söylemez, Olgun Güven
This study presents the preparation of molecularly imprinted matrices by using radiation-induced grafting technique onto polyethylene/polypropylene (PE/PP) non-woven fabrics. Atrazine imprinted polymers were grafted onto PE/PP non-woven fabrics through the use of methacrylic acid (MAA) and ethylene glycol dimethylacrylate (EGDMA) as the functional monomer and crosslinking agent, respectively. Grafted MIPs were characterized by attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), elemental analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS)...
January 2018: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
Audrey Arnould, Fabrice Cousin, Léa Chabas, Anne-Laure Fameau
HYPOTHESIS: In fatty acid systems, the role of the nature of the counter-ion on their solubility is well described. However, the effect of the molar ratio (R) between the fatty acid and its counter-ion is less explored. We investigated the effect of R as a function of the temperature in aqueous solution between myristic acid and two organic amines under hydroxide form: tetramethylammonium (TMAOH) and benzyltrimethylammonium hydroxide (BTAOH). We compare with the results previously obtained for choline hydroxide as counter-ion (Arnould et al...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Mathieu Gayda, Vincent Gremeaux, Louis Bherer, Martin Juneau, Joffrey Drigny, Olivier Dupuy, Gabriel Lapierre, Véronique Labelle, Annik Fortier, Anil Nigam
Chronic exercise has been shown to prevent or slow age-related decline in cognitive functions in otherwise healthy, asymptomatic individuals. We sought to assess cognitive function in a stable coronary heart disease (CHD) sample and its relationship to cerebral oxygenation-perfusion, cardiac hemodynamic responses, and [Formula: see text] peak compared to age-matched and young healthy control subjects. Twenty-two young healthy controls (YHC), 20 age-matched old healthy controls (OHC) and 25 patients with stable CHD were recruited...
2017: PloS One
N Senthilnathan, Ch G Chandaluri, T P Radhakrishnan
The enhanced fluorescence emission of diaminodicyanoquinodimethanes (DADQs) in rigid and aggregated states holds great promise for bioimaging applications. This is demonstrated through their efficient application in epidermal and stomatal imaging with selective staining of cell walls and nuclei. Major advantages include the small quantities (a few nmols) of the fluorophore required, choice of DADQs soluble in water and organic solvents, and quick staining of the specimen in buffer-free state and in buffer medium...
September 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
Pawanpreet Singh, Renu Chadha
In this study, a new polymorph of ciprofloxacin saccharinate has been thoroughly evaluated with respect to structural as well as biopharmaceutical properties. Preliminary characterization of the new polymorph was performed by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis, later confirmed by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy. The crystal structure was determined from the powder X-ray diffraction pattern using the direct-space algorithm. It lies in the triclinic P-1 space group. It is having lattice parameters different from previously reported forms...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Ziyad A Taha, Taher S Ababneh, Ahmed K Hijazi, Qutaiba Abu-Salem, Abdulaziz M Ajlouni, Shroq Ebwany
A pyridine-diacylhydrazone Schiff base ligand, L = 2,6-bis[(3-methoxy benzylidene)hydrazinocarbonyl]pyridine was prepared and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Lanthanide complexes, Ln-L, {[LnL(NO3 )2 ]NO3 .xH2 O (Ln = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy and Er)} were prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, thermal analysis (TGA/DTGA), mass spectrometry (MS), Fourier transform infra-red (FT-IR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Ln-L complexes are isostructural with four binding sites provided by two nitro groups along with four coordination sites for L...
February 2018: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Chaitanya K Narula, Lawrence F Allard, Zili Wu
The ab initio density functional theoretical studies show that energetics favor CO oxidation on single Pd atoms supported on θ-alumina. The diffuse reflectance infra-red spectroscopy (DRIFTS) results show that carbonates are formed as intermediates when single supported Pd atoms are exposed to a gaseous mixture of CO + O2. The rapid agglomeration of Pd atoms under CO oxidation conditions even at 6 °C leads to the presence of Pd particles along with single atoms during CO oxidation experiments. Thus, the observed CO oxidation has contributions from both single Pd atoms and Pd particles...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
Hennie Valkenier, Volodymyr Malytskyi, Pascale Blond, Maurice Retout, Alice Mattiuzzi, Jonathan Goole, Vincent Raussens, Ivan Jabin, Gilles Bruylants
Labile ligands such as thiols and carboxylates are commonly used to functionalize AuNPs, though little control over the composition is possible when mixtures of ligands are used. It was shown recently that robustly functionalized AuNPs can be obtained through the reductive grafting of calix[4]arenes bearing diazonium groups on the large rim. Here, we report a calix[4]arene-tetradiazonium decorated by four oligo(ethylene glycol) chains on the small rim, which upon grafting gave AuNPs with excellent stability thanks to the C-Au bonds...
August 8, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Pichan Saheeda, Kaviladath Sabira, Mohandas Dhaneesha, Sankaran Jayaleksmi
Highly luminescent, polymer nanocomposite films based on poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), and monodispersed carbon dots (C-dots) derived from multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), as coatings on substrates as well as free standing ones are obtained via solution-based techniques. The synthesized films exhibit pH-independent photoluminescence (PL) emission, which is an advantageous property compared with the pH-dependent photoluminescence intensity variations, generally observed for the C-dots dispersed in aqueous solution...
February 2018: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
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