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Functional infra red spectroscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727432/controlled-functionalisation-of-gold-nanoparticles-with-mixtures-of-calix-4-arenes-revealed-by-infra-red-spectroscopy
#1
Hennie Valkenier, Volodymyr Malytskyi, Pascale Blond, Maurice Retout, Alice Mattiuzzi, Jonathan Goole, Vincent Raussens, Ivan Jabin, Gilles Bruylants
Labile ligands such as thiols and carboxylates are commonly used to functionalise AuNPs, though little control over the composition is possible when mixtures of ligands are used. It was shown recently that robustly functionalised AuNPs can be obtained through the reductive grafting of calix[4]arenes bearing diazonium groups on the large rim. Here, we report a calix[4]arene-tetra-diazonium decorated by four oligo(ethylene glycol) chains on the small rim, which upon grafting gave AuNPs with excellent stability thanks to the C-Au bonds...
July 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714204/investigation-on-the-ph-independent-photoluminescence-emission-from-carbon-dots-impregnated-on-polymer-matrix
#2
Pichan Saheeda, Kaviladath Sabira, Mohandas Dhaneesha, Sankaran Jayaleksmi
Highly luminescent, polymer nanocomposite films based on poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), and monodispersed carbon dots (C-dots) derived from multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), as coatings on substrates as well as free standing ones are obtained via solution-based techniques. The synthesized films exhibit pH-independent photoluminescence (PL) emission, which is an advantageous property compared with the pH-dependent photoluminescence intensity variations, generally observed for the C-dots dispersed in aqueous solution...
July 17, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698586/sensitization-energy-transfer-and-infra-red-emission-decay-modulation-in-yb-3-doped-nayf4-nanoparticles-with-visible-light-through-a-perfluoroanthraquinone-chromophore
#3
Haizhou Lu, Yu Peng, Huanqing Ye, Xianjin Cui, Jianxu Hu, Hang Gu, Andrei N Khlobystov, Mark A Green, Philip J Blower, Peter B Wyatt, William P Gillin, Ignacio Hernández
Infra-red emission (980 nm) of sub 10 nm Yb(3+)-doped NaYF4 nanoparticles has been sensitized through the excitation of 2-hydroxyperfluoroanthraquinone chromophore (1,2,3,4,5,6,7-heptafluro-8-hydroxyanthracene-9,10-dione) functionalizing the nanoparticle surface. The sensitization is achieved with a broad range of visible light excitation (400-600 nm). The overall near infra-red (NIR) emission intensity of Yb(3+) ions is increased by a factor 300 as a result of the broad and strong absorption of the chromophore compared with ytterbium's intrinsic absorption...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679839/vibration-over-the-larynx-increases-swallowing-and-cortical-activation-for-swallowing
#4
Rachel W Mulheren, Christy L Ludlow
Sensory input can alter swallowing control in both the cortex and brainstem. Electrical stimulation of superior laryngeal nerve afferents increases reflexive swallowing in animals, with different frequencies optimally effective across species. Here we determined: 1) if neck vibration overlying the larynx affected the fundamental frequency of the voice demonstrating penetration of vibration into the laryngeal tissues, and 2) if vibration, in comparison with sham, increased spontaneous swallowing and enhanced cortical hemodynamic responses to swallows in the swallowing network...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625681/variation-of-calcium-copper-and-iron-levels-in-serum-bile-and-stone-samples-of-patients-having-different-types-of-gallstone-a-comparative-study
#5
Mustafa Khan, Tasneem Gul Kazi, Hassan Imran Afridi, Sirajuddin, Muhammad Bilal, Asma Akhtar, Sabir Khan, Salma Kadar
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data among the human population has shown a significantly increased incidence of gallstone (GS) disease worldwide. It was studied that some essential (calcium) and transition elements (iron and copper) in bile play an important role in the development of GS. METHOD: The estimation of calcium, copper and iron were carried out in the serum, gall bladder bile and different types of GS (cholesterol, mixed and pigmented) of 172 patients, age ranged 20-55years...
June 15, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573984/a-gaussian-mixture-model-based-adaptive-classifier-for-fnirs-brain-computer-interfaces-and-its-testing-via-simulation
#6
Zheng Li, Yi-Han Jiang, Lian Duan, Chao-Zhe Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Functional near infra-red spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a promising brain imaging technology for brain-computer interfaces (BCI). Future clinical uses of fNIRS will likely require operation over long time spans, during which neural activation patterns may change. However, current decoders for fNIRS signals are not designed to handle changing activation patterns. The objective of this study is to test via simulations a new adaptive decoder for fNIRS signals, the Gaussian mixture model adaptive classifier (GMMAC)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558892/functional-near-infra-red-spectroscopy-fnirs-in-schizophrenia-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Vijay Kumar, Venkataram Shivakumar, Harleen Chhabra, Anushree Bose, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Bangalore N Gangadhar
The research on the alterations in functional connectivity in schizophrenia has been facilitated by development of an array of functional neuroimaging techniques. Functional Near Infra Red Spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a novel diffuse optical neuromonitring method with its own advantages and limitations. The advantages of fNIRS have made it to be frequently used as a research tool by medical community in different settings. In fNIRS the property of haemoglobin to absorb near infrared light is used to measure brain activity...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458108/mineralization-of-pyrrole-a-recalcitrant-heterocyclic-compound-by-electrochemical-method-multi-response-optimization-and-degradation-mechanism
#8
Ajay Devidas Hiwarkar, Seema Singh, Vimal Chandra Srivastava, Indra Deo Mall
In this study, the electrochemical (EC) oxidation of a recalcitrant heterocyclic compound namely pyrrole has been reported using platinum coated titanium (Pt/Ti) electrodes. Response surface methodology (RSM) comprising of full factorial central composite design (CCD) with four factors and five levels has been used to examine the effects of different operating parameters such as current density (j), aqueous solution pH, conductivity (k) and treatment time (t) in an EC batch reactor. Pyrrole mineralization in aqueous solution was examined with multiple responses such as chemical oxygen demand (COD) (response, Y1) and specific energy consumption (SEC) in kWh/kg of COD removed (response, Y2)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433922/effects-of-aging-on-prefrontal-brain-activation-during-challenging-walking-conditions
#9
Anat Mirelman, Inbal Maidan, Hagar Bernad-Elazari, Shiran Shustack, Nir Giladi, Jeffrey M Hausdorff
BACKGROUND: Deficits in cognitive domains, in particular, those related to the prefrontal cortex, contribute to diminished walking performance in complex conditions in older age. Studies using functional near infra-red spectroscopy (fNIRS) reported inconsistent findings of brain activation age-related changes in response to increased task demands. We aimed to study the effects of aging on gait and prefrontal activation in complex walking tasks with internal and external task demands. METHODS: Twenty-three healthy young adults (30...
April 20, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330204/endophytic-fungal-isolate-mediated-biosynthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-and-their-free-radical-scavenging-activity-and-anti-microbial-studies
#10
Vasudeva Reddy Netala, Venkata Subbaiah Kotakadi, Pushpalatha Bobbu, Susmila Aparna Gaddam, Vijaya Tartte
The present study reports that the biosynthesis of AgNPs using an endophytic fungus isolated from the ethnomedicinal plant Centella asiatica. The endophytic fungus was identified as Aspergillus versicolor ENT7 based on 18S rRNA gene sequencing (NCBI Accession number KF493864). The AgNPs synthesized were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analyzer, and zeta potential measurements...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296422/quantum-dynamics-and-spectroscopy-of-ab-initio-liquid-water-the%C3%A2-interplay-of-nuclear-and-electronic-quantum-effects
#11
Ondrej Marsalek, Thomas E Markland
Understanding the reactivity and spectroscopy of aqueous solutions at the atomistic level is crucial for the elucidation and design of chemical processes. However, the simulation of these systems requires addressing the formidable challenges of treating the quantum nature of both the electrons and nuclei. Exploiting our recently developed methods that provide acceleration by up to 2 orders of magnitude, we combine path integral simulations with on-the-fly evaluation of the electronic structure at the hybrid density functional theory level to capture the interplay between nuclear quantum effects and the electronic surface...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291304/mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-calf-muscles-of-patients-with-combined-peripheral-arterial-disease-and-diabetes-type-2
#12
Brian Lindegaard Pedersen, Niels Bækgaard, Bjørn Quistorff
BACKGROUND: This study elucidate the effects on muscle mitochondrial function in patients suffering from combined peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) and the relation to patient symptoms and treatment. METHODS: Near Infra Red Spectroscopy (NIRS) calf muscle exercise tests were conducted on Forty subjects, 15 (PAD), 15 (PAD+T2D) and 10 healthy age matched controls (CTRL) recruited from the vascular outpatient clinic at Gentofte County Hospital, Denmark...
March 14, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258037/the-role-of-zinc-deficiency-induced-changes-in-the-phospholipid-protein-balance-of-blood-serum-in-animal-depression-model-by-raman-ftir-and-uv-vis-spectroscopy
#13
J Depciuch, M Sowa-Kućma, G Nowak, B Szewczyk, U Doboszewska, M Parlinska-Wojtan
Depression is a serious mental illness. To study the mechanisms of diseases and search for new, more effective therapies, animal models are used. Unfortunately, none of the available models does reflect all symptoms of depression. Zinc deficiency is proposed as a new animal model of depression. However, it has not been yet validated in a detailed manner. Recently, spectroscopic techniques are increasingly being used both in clinical and preclinical studies. Here we examined the effect of zinc deficiency and amitryptyline treatment on the phospholipid - protein balance in the blood serum of rats using Raman, Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) and UV-vis technique...
May 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992215/infrared-spectroscopy-of-gas-phase-m-co2-n-m-co-rh-ir-ion-molecule-complexes
#14
Andreas Iskra, Alexander S Gentleman, Aras Kartouzian, Michael J Kent, Alastair P Sharp, Stuart R Mackenzie
The structures of gas-phase M(+)(CO2)n (M = Co, Rh, Ir; n = 2-15) ion-molecule complexes have been investigated using a combination of infrared resonance-enhanced photodissociation (IR-REPD) spectroscopy and density functional theory. The results provide insight into fundamental metal ion-CO2 interactions, highlighting the trends with increasing ligand number and with different group 9 ions. Spectra have been recorded in the region of the CO2 asymmetric stretch around 2350 cm(-1) using the inert messenger technique and their interpretation has been aided by comparison with simulated infrared spectra of calculated low-energy isomeric structures...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876382/amperometric-triglyceride-bionanosensor-based-on-nanoparticles-of-lipase-glycerol-kinase-glycerol-3-phosphate-oxidase
#15
C S Pundir, V Aggarwal
The nanoparticles (NPs) aggregates of lipase from porcine pancreas, glycerol kinase (GK) from Cellulomonas sp. and glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase (GPO) from Aerococcus viridanss were prepared by desolvation and glutaraldehyde crosslinking and functionalized by cysteamine. These enzyme nanoparticles (ENPs) were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform infra red (FTIR) spectroscopy. The functionalzed ENPs aggregates were co-immobilized covalently onto polycrystalline Au electrode through thiolated bond...
January 15, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770906/preparation-of-collagen-peptide-functionalized-chitosan-nanoparticles-by-ionic-gelation-method-an-effective-carrier-system-for-encapsulation-and-release-of-doxorubicin-for-cancer-drug-delivery
#16
S Anandhakumar, G Krishnamoorthy, K M Ramkumar, A M Raichur
In recent years, nanoparticles (NPs) based on biopolymers or peptides are gaining popularity for the encapsulation and release of drug molecules, especially for cancer therapy, due to their ability for targeted and controlled release. The use of collagen peptide (CP) for the preparation of chitosan (CN) NPs is especially interesting as it results in NPs that are stable under physiological conditions. In this work, mono-dispersed pH responsive CPCN NPs of about 100nm were prepared via ionic gelation method by simple and mild co-precipitation of CN and CP...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746801/developing-pericarp-of-maize-a-model-to-study-arabinoxylan-synthesis-and-feruloylation
#17
Anne-Laure Chateigner-Boutin, José J Ordaz-Ortiz, Camille Alvarado, Brigitte Bouchet, Sylvie Durand, Yves Verhertbruggen, Yves Barrière, Luc Saulnier
Cell walls are comprised of networks of entangled polymers that differ considerably between species, tissues and developmental stages. The cell walls of grasses, a family that encompasses major crops, contain specific polysaccharide structures such as xylans substituted with feruloylated arabinose residues. Ferulic acid is involved in the grass cell wall assembly by mediating linkages between xylan chains and between xylans and lignins. Ferulic acid contributes to the physical properties of cell walls, it is a hindrance to cell wall degradability (thus biomass conversion and silage digestibility) and may contribute to pest resistance...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721503/mhda-functionalized-multiwall-carbon-nanotubes-for-detecting-non-aromatic-vocs
#18
Atef Thamri, Hamdi Baccar, Claudia Struzzi, Carla Bittencourt, Adnane Abdelghani, Eduard Llobet
The chemical modification of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with a long chain mercapto acid is reported as a way to improve sensitivity and response time of gas sensors for detecting alcohols, acetone and toxic gases such as DMMP. We have developed sensors employing MWCNTs decorated with gold nanoparticles and modified with a 16-mercaptohexadecanoic acid (MHDA) monolayer. Morphological and compositional analysis by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Fourier Transform Infra-red Spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were performed to characterize the gold nanoparticles and to check the bonding of the thiol monolayer...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718213/whole-resting-cells-vs-cell-free-extracts-of-candida-parapsilosis-atcc-7330-for-the-synthesis-of-gold-nanoparticles
#19
Saravanan Krishnan, Shoba Narayan, Anju Chadha
The cell free extracts of Candida parapsilosis ATCC 7330 are more efficient than the whole resting cells of the yeast in the synthesis of directly usable gold nanoparticles as revealed by this systematic study. Cell free extracts yielded gold nanoparticles of hydrodynamic diameter (50-200 nm). In this study, the total protein concentration influences the nanofabrication and not only the reductase enzymes as originally thought. Powder X-ray diffraction studies confirm the crystalline nature of the gold nanoparticles...
December 2016: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622989/biocompatible-silver-nanoparticles-reduced-from-anethum-graveolens-leaf-extract-augments-the-antileishmanial-efficacy-of-miltefosine
#20
Suresh K Kalangi, A Dayakar, D Gangappa, R Sathyavathi, R S Maurya, D Narayana Rao
Despite the existence of chemotherapy, there is no effective cure for leishmaniasis. In the light of recommended therapeutic regimen is attributed for toxicity and development of clinical resistance, exploration of an efficient method of drug delivery could be one of the option in reducing the dosage and toxicity of drugs. This work is aimed in such fashion to study the enhanced antileishmanial activity of miltefosine with silver-nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized by using Anethum graveolens (dill) leaf extract as reducing agent...
November 2016: Experimental Parasitology
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