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Composite resin fillings

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941281/in-vitro-fracture-strength-and-patterns-in-root-filled-teeth-restored-with-different-base-materials
#1
Theo Chan, Selen Küçükkaya Eren, Rebecca Wong, Peter Parashos
BACKGROUND: There is little research on the effects of an intermediate base on the fracture strength of root filled teeth. This study compared the fracture strengths and patterns of root filled teeth restored with intermediate bases of GIC, ZPC, DCRC and Biodentine(®) under resin composite. METHODS: Standardised cavities were prepared in 100 extracted human maxillary and mandibular premolars, and root canal treatment was performed. The teeth were stratified and randomly allocated to five groups (n = 20): 1...
September 23, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936294/microtensile-bond-strength-of-bulk-fill-restorative-composites-to-dentin
#2
Jyothi Mandava, Divya-Prasanna Vegesna, Ravichandra Ravi, Mohan-Rao Boddeda, Lakshman-Varma Uppalapati, M D Ghazanfaruddin
BACKGROUND: To facilitate the easier placement of direct resin composite in deeper cavities, bulk fill composites have been introduced. The Mechanical stability of fillings in stress bearing areas restored with bulk-fill resin composites is still open to question, since long term clinical studies are not available so far. Thus, the objective of the study was to evaluate and compare the microtensile bond strength of three bulk-fill restorative composites with a nanohybrid composite. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Class I cavities were prepared on sixty extracted mandibular molars...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923548/survival-of-extensively-damaged-endodontically-treated-incisors-restored-with-different-types-of-posts-and-core-foundation-restoration-material
#3
Priscilla Cardoso Lazari, Marco Aurélio de Carvalho, Altair A Del Bel Cury, Pascal Magne
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Which post-and-core combination will best improve the performance of extensively damaged endodontically treated incisors without a ferrule is still unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the restoration of extensively damaged endodontically treated incisors without a ferrule using glass-ceramic crowns bonded to various composite resin foundation restorations and 2 types of posts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty decoronated endodontically treated bovine incisors without a ferrule were divided into 4 groups and restored with various post-and-core foundation restorations...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914253/mineral-trioxide-aggregate-induced-apical-closure-in-nonvital-immature-permanent-maxillary-incisor
#4
Meenu Bhola, Virinder Goyal, Parimala Tyagi, Tarun Kumar
Treatment of nonvital immature permanent teeth with calcium hydroxide is associated with few difficulties such as weakened tooth root, root canal reinfection, and long treatment time. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) apical plug method is an alternative treatment method for open apices and has gained popularity in the recent times. This case report describes the management of a late-referral case of periapically involved, traumatized immature permanent incisor by endodontic treatment and the use of MTA apical plug...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902239/efficiency-of-polymerization-of-bulk-fill-composite-resins-a-systematic-review
#5
André Figueiredo Reis, Mariana Vestphal, Roberto Cesar do Amaral, José Augusto Rodrigues, Jean-François Roulet, Marina Guimarães Roscoe
This systematic review assessed the literature to evaluate the efficiency of polymerization of bulk-fill composite resins at 4 mm restoration depth. PubMed, Cochrane, Scopus and Web of Science databases were searched with no restrictions on year, publication status, or article's language. Selection criteria included studies that evaluated bulk-fill composite resin when inserted in a minimum thickness of 4 mm, followed by curing according to the manufacturers' instructions; presented sound statistical data; and comparison with a control group and/or a reference measurement of quality of polymerization...
August 28, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883301/changes-in-polymerization-stress-and-elastic-modulus-of-bulk-fill-resin-composites-for-24-hours-after-irradiation
#6
Takatsugu Yamamoto, Masao Hanabusa, Saori Kimura, Yasuko Momoi, Tohru Hayakawa
The objective of this study was to investigate changes in polymerization stress and elastic modulus for light-cured bulk-fill resin composites following irradiation. Crack analysis was applied to obtain the stresses for 24 h after irradiation, which were calculated from the lengths of cracks in a glass mold bonded to the composites. The elastic modulus was repeatedly measured by nano-indentation tests performed over 24 h. The lengths of the cracks, the interfacial stress, and the elastic modulus were significantly affected by the material and time after irradiation (p<0...
September 7, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862733/load-bearing-capacity-and-fracture-behavior-of-glass-fiber-reinforced-composite-cranioplasty-implants
#7
Jaakko M Piitulainen, Riina Mattila, Niko Moritz, Pekka K Vallittu
BACKGROUND: Glass fiber-reinforced composites (FRCs) have been adapted for routine clinical use in various dental restorations and are presently also used in cranial implants. The aim of this study was to measure the load-bearing capacity and failure type of glass FRC implants during static loading with and without interconnective bars and with different fixation modes. METHODS: Load-bearing capacities of 2 types of FRC implants with 4 different fixation modes were experimentally tested...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845034/%C3%A2%C2%B5ct-3d-visualization-analysis-of-resin-composite-polymerization-and-dye-penetration-test-of-composite-adaptation
#8
Takako Yoshikawa, Alireza Sadr, Junji Tagami
This study evaluated the effects of the light curing methods and resin composite composition on composite polymerization contraction behavior and resin composite adaptation to the cavity wall using μCT-3D visualization analysis and dye penetration test. Cylindrical cavities were restored using Clearfil tri-S Bond ND Quick adhesive and filled with Clearfil AP-X or Clearfil Photo Bright composite. The composites were cured using the conventional or the slow-start curing method. The light-cured resin composite, which had increased contrast ratio during polymerization, improved adaptation to the cavity wall using the slow-start curing method...
August 25, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845033/microleakage-and-penetration-depth-of-different-fissure-sealant-materials-after-cyclic-thermo-mechanic-and-brushing-simulation
#9
Hüseyin Hatirli, Bilal Yasa, Elif Yasa
The aim of the study was to evaluate microleakage and the penetration-depths of different fissure-sealant materials applied with/without enameloplasty after cyclic aging. One-hundred-sixty mandibular molars were divided into non-invasive and enameloplasty preparation groups and eight material subgroups, including: flowable composites (microhyrid, nanohybrid, and nanofilled), three resin-based (unfilled, filled, and highly-filled), a giomer-based, and a glass-ionomer-based fissure sealant. Specimens were subjected to two-year cyclic chewing and brushing simulation...
August 25, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841986/indirect-determination-of-pentaerythritol-tetranitrate-petn-with-a-gold-nanoparticles-based-colorimetric-sensor
#10
Ayşem Üzer, Uğur Yalçın, Ziya Can, Erol Erçağ, Reşat Apak
Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) is the nitrate ester of pentaerythritol, used as an energetic and filling material for military and civilian purposes and rarely for terrorist actions. As there is no reliable nano-colorimetric method for PETN assay, we developed an indirect method based on the determination of nitrite, obtained by reduction of nitrate derived from the alkaline hydrolysis of PETN with H2O2. We colorimetrically determined the final product, nitrite, by both conventional Griess reaction and a recently developed gold nanoparticle-4-aminothiophenol-N-(1-naphthyl)-ethylenediamine (AuNP-4-ATP+NED) method...
December 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832713/comparing-depth-dependent-curing-radiant-exposure-and-time-of-curing-of-regular-and-flow-bulk-fill-composites
#11
Jose Augusto Rodrigues, Ilana Pais Tenorio, Ginger Baranhuk Rabello de Mello, André Figueiredo Reis, Chiayi Shen, Jean-François Roulet
The effect of restoration depth on the curing time of a conventional and two bulk-fill composite resins by measuring microhardness and the respective radiosity of the bottom surface of the specimen was investigated. 1-, 3- and 5-mm thick washers were filled with Surefil SDR Flow-U (SDR), Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill-IVA (TEC) or Esthet-X HD-B1 (EHD), and cured with Bluephase® G2 for 40s. Additional 1-mm washers were filled with SDR, TEC or EHD, placed above the light sensor of MARC®, stacked with pre-cured 1-, 3- or 5-mm washer of respective material, and cured for 2...
August 21, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829935/extensive-assessment-of-the-physical-mechanical-and-adhesion-behavior-of-a-low-viscosity-bulk-fill-composite-and-a-traditional-resin-composite-in-tooth-cavities
#12
R X Sousa-Lima, Lja Silva, Lvf Chaves, S Geraldeli, Rcb Alonso, Bcd Borges
OBJECTIVES: To compare the degree of conversion (DC), depth of polymerization (DP), shrinkage stress (SS), flexural strength (FS), elastic modulus (EM), and bond strength (BS) of a low-viscosity bulk fill resin composite and a paste-like traditional composite. METHODS: Tetric Evo-Flow Bulk Fill (TBF) and Empress Direct (ED; Ivoclar Vivadent) composites were used. DC (%) and FS/EM (MPa/GPa) were evaluated in bar specimens (7×2×1 mm; n=10) using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and a three-point bending test in a universal testing machine (UTM), respectively...
September 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817736/performance-of-class-i-composite-restorations-when-polished-immediately-or-after-one-day-water-storage
#13
Masao Irie, Yukinori Maruo, Goro Nishigawa
This study investigated the effects on gap formation in Class I restorations (observed by vertical and horizontal forms of inspection) and on the mechanical properties of nine resin composite filling materials when the restorations were subject to finishing immediately after setting or after one-day water storage. Class I restorations with resin composite fillings were polished either immediately (3 min) after setting or after one-day water storage. Interfacial gap formation (observed by vertical inspection) was assessed using 14 gap measurement points along the interface between the restoration and cavity walls and floor (n = 10 per resin composite; total points measured per time point = 140)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807329/impact-of-thio-urethane-additive-and-filler-type-on-light-transmission-and-depth-of-polymerization-of-dental-composites
#14
André Luis Faria-E-Silva, Carmem Silvia Pfeifer
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of filler type and the addition of thio-urethane oligomers on light-transmission, polymerization kinetics and depth of cure of resin composites. METHODS: BisGMA:UDMA:TEGMA (5:3:2wt%) were mixed with 0 (control) or 20wt% thio-urethane. Fillers with various sizes and refractive indices were included and refractive index (RI) measured. Unfilled resins were used as controls. The RIs of materials were measured before and after polymerization...
August 11, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798450/atraumatic-restorative-treatment-and-minimal-intervention-dentistry
#15
J E Frencken
Too many people worldwide suffer from the consequences of untreated dentine carious lesions. This finding reflects the inability of the currently used traditional mode of treatments to manage such lesions. A change is needed. Dental training institutions should depart from the traditional 'drill and fill' treatments and embrace the holistic oral healthcare approach that is minimal intervention dentistry (MID) and includes within it minimally invasive operative skills. Dental caries is, after all, a preventable disease...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797746/synthesis-of-wrinkled-mesoporous-silica-and-its-reinforcing-effect-for-dental-resin-composites
#16
Ruili Wang, Eric Habib, X X Zhu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to explore the reinforcing effect of wrinkled mesoporous silica (WMS), which should allow micromechanical resin matrix/filler interlocking in dental resin composites, and to investigate the effect of silica morphology, loading, and compositions on their mechanical properties. METHODS: WMS (average diameter of 496nm) was prepared through the self-assembly method and characterized by the use of the electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and the N2 adsorption-desorption measurements...
August 7, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791976/a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial-of-one-nano-hybrid-and-one-high-viscosity-bulk-fill-composite-restorative-systems-in-class-ii-cavities-12-months-results
#17
H Colak, U Tokay, R Uzgur, M M Hamidi, E Ercan
BACKGROUND: Recently, manufacturers have introduced bulk-fill composite resins that reportedly can be placed in increments of 4 mm or greater. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article was to report the results of 12 months prospective randomized clinical trial that evaluated the clinical performance of one high-viscosity bulk-fill composite resin in Class II cavities of posterior teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four participantshad at least two Class II cavities included the study...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791970/leakage-testing-for-different-adhesive-systems-and-composites-to-permanent-teeth
#18
B S Bolgul, B Ayna, I Simsek, S Celenk, O Seker, G Kilinc
AIM: To explore the microleakage of different adhesive systems and flowable composites to permanent teeth. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this study, a total of 84 human premolar teeth were used. Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal surfaces. The teeth were randomly assigned to six groups of 14 teeth each as follows: The first group - etch-rinse adhesive applied and cavities filled with flowable composite, the second group - etch-rinse adhesive applied and cavities filled with bulk-fill resin composite, the third group - one-stage self-etch (SE) adhesive applied and cavities filled with flowable composite, the fourth group - one-stage SE adhesive applied and cavities filled with bulk-fill resin composite, the fifth group - two-stage SE adhesive applied and cavities filled with flowable composite, and the sixth group - two-stage SE adhesive applied and cavities filled with bulk-fill resin composite...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762350/comparative-evaluation-of-microleakage-between-bulk-esthetic-materials-versus-resin-modified-glass-ionomer-to-restore-class-ii-cavities-in-primary-molars
#19
Vellore Kannan Gopinath
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the microleakage of one high-viscosity conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC) and a bulk-fill composite resin, in comparison to a resin-modified GIC in Class II restorations in primary molars. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Standardized Class II slot cavity preparations were prepared in exfoliating primary molars. Teeth were restored using one of the three materials tested (n = 10): SonicFill bulk-fill composite resin (SF), EQUIA Fil conventional reinforced GIC (EQF), and Vitremer resin-reinforced GIC (VT)...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750776/in-vitro-biofilm-formation-on-resin-based-composites-after-different-finishing-and-polishing-procedures
#20
Gloria Cazzaniga, Marco Ottobelli, Andrei C Ionescu, Gaetano Paolone, Enrico Gherlone, Jack L Ferracane, Eugenio Brambilla
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of surface treatments of different resin-based composites (RBCs) on S. mutans biofilm formation. METHODS: 4 RBCs (microhybrid, nanohybrid, nanofilled, bulk-filled) and 6 finishing-polishing (F/P) procedures (open-air light-curing, light-curing against Mylar strip, aluminum oxide discs, one-step rubber point, diamond bur, multi-blade carbide bur) were evaluated. Surface roughness (SR) (n=5/group), gloss (n=5/group), scanning electron microscopy morphological analysis (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS) (n=3/group), and S...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
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