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Composite veneers

Mario Imburgia, Angelo Canale, Davide Cortellini, Marco Maneschi, Claudio Martucci, Marco Valenti
The esthetic treatment of anterior teeth has always presented a challenge in clinical practice. With the improvement of dental materials, many restorative options such as composite resins, all-ceramic crowns, and ceramic veneers have become available. The current challenge in reconstructive dentistry is to obtain excellent esthetic results while preserving the biological structures involved as much as possible. Thanks to the introduction of high-strength etchable dental ceramics, clinicians and technicians have materials and procedures at their disposal that allow them to restore esthetics and function through a minimally invasive approach...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
P D Meirelles, Y O Spigolon, M Borba, P Benetti
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the influence of the cooling protocol on the mechanical behavior of Y-TZP veneered with porcelain with different compositions. The tested hypotheses were: (1) Y-TZP infrastructures veneered with porcelain containing leucite in its composition presents higher flexural strength (σ) and reliability (m), and (2) slow cooling protocol results in greater σ and m. METHODS: A total of 120 bilayer porcelain-Y-TZP bar-shaped specimens were prepared with the dimensions of 1...
October 1, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Markus B Blatz, Marcela Alvarez, Kimiyo Sawyer, Marco Brindis
Zirconia has become one of the most popular materials in dentistry. New high-translucent zirconia ceramics have favorable optical properties and can be applied as monolithic full-contour restorations in various clinical indications for posterior and anterior teeth. However, having reliable cementation protocols is fundamental for clinical success of indirect ceramic dental restorations, including those made from zirconia materials. Resin bonding supports ceramic restorations and is necessary for onlays, laminate veneers, and resinbonded fixed dental prostheses...
October 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Vinicius P Fardin, Vitor Guarconi de Paula, Estevam A Bonfante, Paulo G Coelho, Gerson Bonfante
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fatigue life of zirconia-veneered and metal-ceramic crowns comprised by an even thickness or a modified framework design when loaded on marginal ridges. METHODS: Eighty marginal ridges were present after fabrication of forty molar crowns cemented onto composite-resin replicas and divided (n=20/each), in the following groups: metal-ceramic with even thickness (MCev) or with a modified framework design (MCm, lingual collar with proximal struts); porcelain-fused to zirconia with even thickness (PFZev) or with the modified framework design (PFZm)...
September 30, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Karim Elhennawy, Falk Schwendicke
OBJECTIVES: We systematically reviewed treatment modalities for MIH-affected molars and incisors. DATA: Trials on humans with ≥1 MIH molar/incisor reporting on various treatments were included. Two authors independently searched and extracted records. Sample-size-weighted annual failure rates were estimated where appropriate. The risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. SOURCES: Electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane CENTRAL, Google Scholar) were screened, and hand searches and cross-referencing performed...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Panagiotis Zoidis, Eleonora Bakiri, Gregory Polyzois
A modified polyetheretherketone (PEEK) framework material veneered with indirect light-polymerized composite resin was used as an alternative material for the fabrication of an endocrown restoration for an extensively damaged molar. The elastic modulus of the polyetheretherketone framework (4 GPa) veneered with indirect composite resin could dampen the occlusal forces protecting tooth structures better than ceramic materials. This is important in the restoration of extensively damaged molars with weak roots...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Sina Heimer, Patrick R Schmidlin, Malgorzata Roos, Bogna Stawarczyk
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) can be used as a framework material for fixed dental prostheses. However, information about laboratory and chairside polishing methods is still scarce. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the effects of laboratory and chairside polishing methods on the surface roughness (SR) and surface free energy (SFE) of PEEK, an autopolymerizing poly(methyl methacrylate), and a veneering composite resin...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
C L Leal, Apv Queiroz, R M Foxton, S Argolo, P Mathias, A N Cavalcanti
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of low-thickness ceramic laminate translucency on water sorption and solubility in resin luting agents. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Ceramic slides (15×0.7 mm) were generated using lithium disilicate (IPS e.max Press, Ivoclar-Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) that were A1 in color and had decreasing degrees of translucency (high, medium, and low). A slide of transparent glass of similar size was used as the control...
September 2016: Operative Dentistry
G T Rocca, P Sedlakova, C M Saratti, R Sedlacek, L Gregor, N Rizcalla, A J Feilzer, I Krejci
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of different types of modifications with resin on fatigue resistance and failure behavior of CAD-CAM resin nano ceramic (RNC) restorations for maxillary first premolars. METHODS: Sixty standardized resin composite root dies received CAD-CAM RNC endocrowns (n=30) and crowns (n=30) (Lava Ultimate, 3M Espe). Restorations were divided into six groups: full anatomic endocrowns (group A) and crowns (group D), buccal resin veneered endocrowns (group B) and crowns (group E) and buccal resin veneered endocrowns (group C) and crowns (group F) with a central groove resin filling...
September 23, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Maria Carlos Real Dias, Jorge N R Martins, André Chen, Sérgio André Quaresma, Henrique Luís, João Caramês
PURPOSE: This prospective clinical study evaluated the success rate of indirect composite resin cuspal coverage on endodontically treated molars and premolars and the survival rate of the restored teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty endodontically treated teeth were restored with total resin cuspal coverage and randomly selected for the study. Patients were recalled after 2 to 5 years for clinical evaluation. Data were subjected to standard tests of statistical correlations using Spearman test...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
G R Oliver, C D Lynch, B L Chadwick, A Santini, N H F Wilson
Background Much concern appears to exist as to the scope and content of contemporary dental school programmes, with the oft-cited criticism being made that dental graduates are 'no longer as good as they used to be'.Aim The aim of this project was to survey the views of dentists - both new graduates and more established practitioners - on aspects of their own dental school training they felt had been deficient as well as commenting on what aspects of dental school education they would like to see improved/enhanced in current times...
August 26, 2016: British Dental Journal
Yong-Keun Lee
Human tooth enamel is opalescent, which renders teeth bluish in reflected and orange in transmitted color. The aim was to review opalescent property of teeth and application and mimetic reproduction in esthetic restorations. A PubMed search for articles published in English till 2015 on the opalescence of teeth and esthetic materials revealed 29 relevant papers. Opalescence was measured with OP-RT index, which was calculated as the difference in the yellow-blue and red-green color coordinates between the reflected and transmitted colors...
August 20, 2016: Dental Materials Journal
Sheila P Passos, Bernie Linke, Paul W Major, John A Nychka
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different cooling procedures and a new composite interlayer composition on the flexural strength, and veneer delamination resistance, of an all-ceramic veneered translucent Y-TZP core. One hundred twenty bar-shaped specimens of a translucent Y-TZP ceramic were prepared and divided into three groups: (1) no composite interlayer; (2) a glass interlayer (silica-based glass); (3) a mixed composite interlayer of glass and porcelain veneer material. A veneering porcelain (with and without a composite interlayer) was applied on the specimen surface and sintered...
August 9, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Elody Aiem, Violaine Smaïl-Faugeron, Michèle Muller-Bolla
BACKGROUND: Different aesthetic preformed crowns (APC) are proposed to restore decayed and damaged primary teeth because the stainless steel crowns (SSCs) do not satisfy parents concerned about aesthetic. AIM: The objective was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of all types of APC for restoring primary teeth compared with conventional filling materials or other types of crowns. DESIGN: Relevant articles were searched in electronic databases of PubMed via MEDLINE and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials...
August 17, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Pascal Magne, Raymond Cheung
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Selecting material for a minimally invasive occlusal veneer reconstruction concept requires an understanding of how stresses are distributed during functional and parafunctional forces. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate stress distribution in a maxillary molar restored with ultrathin occlusal veneers and subjected by an antagonistic mandibular molar to clenching and working and nonworking movements. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A maxillary first molar was modeled from microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) data, using medical image processing software, stereolithography editing/optimizing software, and finite element software...
August 7, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Amir Chafaie
Many types of dental abnormality can be observed in the anterior sectors, where they can cause genuine esthetic problems for our patients. While conventional prosthetic treatments offer the best solutions in terms of esthetic result and durability, they involve the sacrifice of significant quantities of mineralized dental material and cannot be undertaken before the periodontal tissues are mature. Other less invasive alternatives should be envisaged as transitional, or sometimes even permanent, solutions for the management of these anomalies in children and adolescents...
September 2016: International Orthodontics
Panagiotis Zoidis, Ioannis Papathanasiou
A polyetheretherketone (PEEK) (BioHPP) framework veneered with composite resin was used as an alternative material for the fabrication of an interim 3-pontic resin-bonded fixed dental prosthesis (RBFDP) after implant placement. The low modulus of elasticity (4 GPa) of PEEK combined with the use of indirect light-polymerized resin as a veneering material used for a RBFDP provided an advantage over metal ceramics or ceramics in dampening the occlusal forces and reducing debonding rates. Further long-term clinical evidence is required before recommending the application as a substitute material...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Laís A Pires, Pollyanna M R Novais, Vinícius D Araújo, Luiz F Pegoraro
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Reproducing the characteristics of natural teeth in ceramic crowns remains a complex and difficult process. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of the substrate, cement, type, and thickness of the ceramic on the resulting color of a lithium disilicate ceramic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty ceramic disks were prepared from IPS e.max Press LT (low translucency) and HO (high opacity) in 2 different thicknesses (1...
July 23, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Naichuan Su, Yunmao Liao, Hai Zhang, Li Yue, Xiaowen Lu, Jiefei Shen, Hang Wang
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Indirect composite resins (ICR) are promising alternatives as veneering materials for zirconia frameworks. The effects of core-to-dentin thickness ratio (C/Dtr) on the mechanical property of bilayered veneer ICR/yttria-tetragonal zirconia polycrystalline (Y-TZP) core disks have not been previously studied. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess the effects of C/Dtr on the biaxial flexural strength, reliability, and fracture mode of bilayered veneer ICR/ Y-TZP core disks...
July 23, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Morakot Piemjai, Mutlu Özcan, Franklin Garcia-Godoy, Nobuo Nakabayashi
This study evaluated the conditions of the non-invasive resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (FDP) and patient satisfaction up to 10 years of clinical function. A total of 23 patients who required fixed prostheses in the areas of mandibular anterior and premolar, and maxillary anterior region received resin-bonded restorations between 1999-2003. In 13 patients with 14 edentulous areas were restored with an adhesive pontic (natural tooth, acrylic and porcelain). Two indirect proximal veneers using resin composite were placed in each space in 10 patients having 13 edentulous spaces...
June 2016: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
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