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Composite veneers

O Ustun, A N Ozturk
Background: Fractures in porcelain laminate veneers (PLVs) are a significant clinical problem. Preparation designs can affect stress distribution, which leads to fractures in PLVs. Therefore, identification of the most favorable preparation design in terms of stress distribution is required. Objective: The purpose of this study is to examine the functional stress patterns of PLVs with featheredge, incisal bevel, and overlapped preparation designs under 0°, 60°, and 120° functional loads using finite element analysis...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Sherin Jose Chockattu, Byathnal Suryakant Deepak, Anubhav Sood, Nandini T Niranjan, Arun Jayasheel, Mallikarjun K Goud
Dental erosion is frequently overlooked in clinical practice. The management of erosion-induced damage to the dentition is often delayed, such that extensive occlusal rehabilitation is required. These cases can be diagnosed by a careful clinical examination and a thorough review of the patient's medical history and/or lifestyle habits. This case report presents the diagnosis, categorization, and management of a case of gastro-esophageal reflux disease-induced palatal erosion of the maxillary teeth. The early management of such cases is of utmost importance to delay or prevent the progression of damage both to the dentition and to occlusal stability...
February 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Hiroki Takata, Futoshi Komine, Junichi Honda, Markus B Blatz, Hideo Matsumura
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate fracture loads of implant-supported zirconia-based prostheses fabricated with different veneer materials (resin-based material and lithium disilicate ceramics). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-four zirconia-based molar prostheses were fabricated on dental implants and divided into four groups (n = 11): zirconia-based prostheses veneered with feldspathic porcelain (ZVF), zirconia-based prostheses bonded with the lithium disilicate glass-ceramic veneer (ZBD), zirconia-based prostheses veneered with indirect composite resin (ZVC), and zirconia-based prostheses bonded with composite materials fabricated from a CAD/CAM resin block (ZBC)...
February 27, 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
H Y Zhang, T Jiang, M X Cheng, Y W Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the wear intensity and surface roughness of occlusal veneers on premolars made of microhybrid composite resin or two kinds of ceramics in vitro after the thermocycling and cyclic mechanical loading tests. METHODS: In the study,24 fresh extracted human premolars without root canal treatment were prepared (cusps reduction of 1.5 mm in thickness to simulate middle to severe tooth wear, the inclinations of cusps were 20°). The prepared teeth were restored with occlusal veneers made of three different materials: microhybrid composite, heat-pressed lithium disilicate ceramic and computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) lithium disilicate ceramic in the thickness of 1...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Sven Rinke, Anne-Kathrin Pabel, Xenia Schulz, Matthias Rödiger, Gerhard Schmalz, Dirk Ziebolz
OBJECTIVES: Retrospective evaluation of extended anterior glass-ceramic veneers 7 years after placement in a private practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 31 patients (20 females/11 males) underwent restoration with adhesively luted extended veneers that were fabricated using heat-pressed glass-ceramic (Cergo, Dentsply Sirona). A single dentist restored 101 teeth (maxilla, n = 65; mandible, n = 36). Adhesive cementation was performed using an etch-and-rinse adhesive (OptibondFL, Kerr Corporation), and two different dual-curing composite cements (Variolink, Ivoclar Vivadent/Calibra, Dentsply Sirona)...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
T F Sutherland, A M Sterling, M Ou
Benthic video surveys were carried out at two marine finfish aquaculture and associated reference sites in Jervis Inlet (JI), British Columbia. Substrate composition, epifaunal diversity, mat-forming taxa (primary indicators: opportunistic polychaete complexes (OPCs) and sulfide-oxidizing bacteria) and waste pellets were quantitatively assessed. Hard-bottom substrates were dominated by rock wall, skeletal sponge matrix, graded bedrock, rock-veneer, and cobble. Aquaculture waste outputs (modelled depositional carbon fluxes and observations of waste feed/faecal pellets) were correlated with benthic organic enrichment indicators (OPC and sulfide-oxidizing bacteria)...
February 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Achla Sethi, Sameer Makkar, Kanwar Sidharth, Taranjit Kaur, Sukhpash Singh Sandhu, Amit K Joseph
AIM: The aim of this study is to perform three-point bend test on submicron hybrid composite fabricated with direct and indirect veneer technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 maxillary anterior teeth were selected, and labial reduction of 0.5 to 0.75 mm with a chamfered finish line for veneer preparation was done. Teeth were divided into two groups depending on fabrication technique being used: group I-veneers fabricated with light and group II-veneers fabricated with light and heat (PHOTOPOL)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Andre V Ritter, Leonardo Fernandes Cunha, Gisele M Correr
In this case report, we share a conservative and simple restorative management approach for a relatively complex esthetic situation on an adult patient with an ankylosed maxillary central incisor in infra-occlusion. A 37-year-old healthy female patient presented for a consultation with a chief complaint of an unappealing smile. The intraoral exam revealed tooth #8 (FDI 11) was in obvious and significant infra-occlusion due to altered eruption. Periapical radiographs of this area were non-contributory and all teeth responded within normal limits to pulp vitality tests...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Sivaranjani Gali, Ravikumar K, B V S Murthy, Bikramjit Basu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study is to understand the role of yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) in achieving the desired spectrum of clinically relevant mechanical properties (hardness, elastic modulus, fracture toughness and brittleness index) and chemical solubility of mica glass ceramics. METHODS: The glass-zirconia mixtures with varying amounts of YSZ (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20wt.%) were ball milled, compacted and sintered to obtain pellets of glass ceramic-YSZ composites...
January 29, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Petros Mourouzis, Elisabeth Koulaouzidou, Georgios Palaghias, Maria Helvatjoglu-Antoniades
AIM: Color matching of the restoration to the adjacent teeth can be difficult due to the translucency of the ceramic and the visual exposure of the polymerized resin cement through the ceramic material. The aim of this study was to identify color differences between try-in pastes and the corresponding luting resin composites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The materials tested were Variolink Veneer, Variolink Try-In, Variolink Esthetic LC, and Variolink Esthetic Try-In...
2018: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Filippo Del Curto, Carlo Massimo Saratti, Ivo Krejci
Since the first introduction of the Cerec system (Sirona) in the early 1980s, the use of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) technology has spread widely in modern adhesive dentistry. Thanks to this innovative technology, it has been possible to carry out chairside restorations fully managed by the clinician, with the advantages of lower costs for the patient, more rapid execution of the restorations, and the exclusion of the provisional phase. With further improvements in chairside technologies and materials, specifically in the field of composite resin blocks, it is now possible to fabricate multiple ultrathin, minimally invasive or even noninvasive restorations in one single appointment...
2018: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
A Scioscia, A Helfers, S Soliman, G Krastl, N U Zitzmann
OBJECTIVES: To investigate failure loads of monolithic and veneered all-ceramic crowns after root canal treatment and to analyze marginal integrity of repair fillings. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Seventy-two human molars were restored with monolithic (Zr-All) or veneered (Zr-Ven) zirconia crowns. Molars were assigned to six groups (n=12 per group) depending on restoration material, access type (no access cavity [control] or endodontic treatment [test]), and type of filling (one-step [1-st] or two-step [2-st])...
January 16, 2018: Operative Dentistry
Seong-Min Lee, Yu-Sung Choi
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Laminate veneers are susceptible to color change during clinical service. Studies that compare the effects of different ceramic and resin cement systems on color stability are lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the color stability of laminate veneers after accelerated aging using different ceramic and resin cement systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ceramic specimens (N=168; shade A1; thickness, 0...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Xiang-Wen Yang, Bin Wei, Cao-Yun Zhu, Liang Qian, Yi-Han Li
PURPOSE: To analyze and evaluate dust pollution in prosthodontic clinic and make proposal for reasonable protection. METHODS: This study analyzed the particle size, element composition and dust concentration of 5 materials which were commonly used in dental restorations (veneering ceramics, cobalt-chromium alloy, photosensitive plastic, hard base resin, advanced artificial teeth) by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectrometer(EDS) and dust concentration laser tester, in order to assess the effects of prosthodontic dust posed on medical staff health and put forward reasonable suggestions for prevention and control of dust pollution...
October 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Sy Yin Chai, Vincent Bennani, John M Aarts, Karl Lyons
BACKGROUND: The authors reviewed and identified the evidence for the various incisal preparation designs for ceramic veneers. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors searched MEDLINE with PubMed and Ovid to identify any articles in the English language related to the topic up through March 2017 using a combination of key words: "porcelain veneer or ceramic veneer or dental veneer or labial veneer" AND "preparation," NOT "composite veneer," NOT "crown," NOT "implant," NOT "fixed partial denture or bridge or denture," NOT "porcelain-fused-to-metal," NOT "marginal gap or fit...
January 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Vicente Faus-Matoses, Ignacio Faus-Matoses, Esther Ruiz-Bell, Vicente J Faus-Llácer
The treatment of severe tetracycline discoloration is a challenge for the dentist. There are several treatment options and one of the most effective is the use of feldspathic veneers. The aim of this clinical case was to carry out the replacement with conventional feldspathic ceramic veneers on a patient with highly stained teeth (grade IV tetracycline) by a minimally invasive approach. Clinical examination revealed gingival retraction, color change of the veneers, ceramic cracked of 1.1 and 1.3 and incisal wear in lower anterior teeth...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Chaimongkon Peampring, Juthatip Aksornmuang, Sasiwimol Sanohkan
Aims: The aim of this study is to investigate the fracture load to failure and damage mode of the composite resin-veneered zirconia crowns preparing with two different zirconia surface treatments compared conventional porcelain-veneered zirconia crowns. Materials and Methods: Metallic molar-shape dies prepared with 10° convergence angle a 1.5 mm deep chamfer finish line were used. Two groups of composite-resin-veneered zirconia crowns were prepared using different surface treatment (Group A - sandblasting and Group B - glaze-on technique)...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Karin Wolleb Torrisi, Goran I Benic, Irena Sailer, Christoph Hf Hämmerle
The purpose of this study was to test whether prosthetic treatment with different intraradicular posts influences the color of the buccal gingiva at teeth restored with zirconia crowns. A total of 31 patients in need of a full-coverage single crown at an endodontically treated premolar, canine, or incisor in the maxilla or the mandible were included. The patients were randomly assigned to receive composite build-ups using titanium (Ti), zirconia (Zi), or glass-fiber (Gf) posts or a build-up using no post at all (NP)...
January 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
S Zeighami, S Mirmohammadrezaei, M Safi, S M Falahchai
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of core shade and core and veneering thickness on color parameters and translucency of polyether ether ketone (PEEK). Sixty PEEK discs (0.5 and 1 mm in thickness) with white and dentine shades were veneered with A2 shade indirect composite resin with 0.5, 1 and 1.5 mm thickness (n=5). Cores without the veneering material served as controls for translucency evaluation. Color parameters were measured by a spectroradiometer. Color difference (ΔE₀₀) and translucency parameters (TP) were computed...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
F J T Burke, R J Crisp, A J Cowan, L Raybould, P Redfearn, P Sands, O Thompson, V Ravaghi
General dental practice is increasingly being recognised as the ideal situation for the conduct of clinical trials into the longevity of restorations. The aim of this study was to investigate the survival of 64 nanofilled resin composite (Filtek Supreme XTE) restorations placed principally in loadbearing cavities using a Universal dentine bonding agent (Scotchbond Universal), in five UK dental practices by members of the UK-based practice-based research group, the PREP Panel. A split mouth design was used, comprising patients who required two restorations, with one of the restorations receiving a total etch approach using phosphoric acid and the other being placed using a self-etch approach...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
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