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Composite veneers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072486/radiopacity-of-composite-luting-cements-using-a-digital-technique
#1
Walter Dukic
PURPOSE: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the radiopacity of 20 common dental composite luting materials using a digital technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 1-mm-thick specimen of each material with a human tooth slice and aluminium step wedge were tested using digital radiographs under four combinations of exposure and voltage. The radiopacity in pixels was determined using computer software. The equivalent thickness of aluminium for each material was then calculated based on the calibration curve...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070702/effects-of-tributylborane-activated-adhesive-and-two-silane-agents-on-bonding-computer-aided-design-and-manufacturing-cad-cam-resin-composite
#2
Ayano Shinohara, Yohsuke Taira, Takashi Sawase
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of an experimental adhesive agent [methyl methacrylate-tributylborane liquid (MT)] and two adhesive agents containing silane on the bonding between a resin composite block of a computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system and a light-curing resin composite veneering material. The surfaces of CAD/CAM resin composite specimens were ground with silicon-carbide paper, treated with phosphoric acid, and then primed with either one of the two silane agents [Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SC) and GC Ceramic Primer II (GC)], no adhesive control (Cont), or one of three combinations (MT/SC, MT/GC, and MT/Cont)...
January 9, 2017: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987657/influence-of-interlayer-design-on-residual-thermal-stresses-in-trilayered-and-graded-all-ceramic-restorations
#3
Bruno Henriques, Douglas Fabris, Júlio C M Souza, Filipe S Silva, Joana Mesquita-Guimarães, Yu Zhang, Márcio Fredel
Residual thermal stresses are formed in dental restorations during cooling from high temperature processing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of constructive design variables (composition and interlayer thickness) on residual stresses in alumina- and zirconia-graded restorations. Restorations' real-like cooling conditions were simulated using finite elements method and temperature-dependent material properties were used. Three different designs were evaluated: a bilayered restoration (sharp transition between materials); a trilayered restoration with a homogenous interlayer between core and veneer; and a trilayered restoration with a graded interlayer...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982228/effect-of-glaze-cooling-rate-on-mechanical-properties-of-conventional-and-pressed-porcelain-on-zirconia
#4
Diogo Longhini, Cibele Oliveira de Melo Rocha, Igor Studart Medeiros, Renata Garcia Fonseca, Gelson Luis Adabo
The aim of this study was to characterize a conventional and a pressed porcelain for zirconia core as to biaxial flexural strength (BFS), apparent fracture toughness (FT) and microstructure composition, and to investigate the effect of glaze cooling rate on the BFS of the zirconia/porcelain bilayers. Monolayers of conventional porcelain Vita VM9 and pressed porcelain Vita PM9 (n=15) (12 mm diameter x 1.2 mm thick) were prepared for the BFS test (MPa). Apparent fracture toughness (MPa.m1/2) was measured by indentation technique (n=15)...
September 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957283/treatment-and-restoration-of-adult-dentoalveolar-trauma-a-clinical-case-report
#5
Blanca Serra-Pastor, Miguel Penarrocha-Diago, María Penarrocha-Diago, Rubén Agustín-Panadero
Adult dentoalveolar trauma most often occurs in the context of sports activities and traffic accidents. Coronal fractures are the most common type of lesion, followed by tooth luxation. We present the case of a 25-year-old woman who suffered alveolar bone damage and coronal fractures of the upper incisors, with extrusive luxation of the right central incisor, as the result of a fall. On the first visit, manual reduction of the buccal plate was carried out under local anesthesia, with repositioning of the right central incisor and splinting to the neighboring teeth...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836148/volumetric-shrinkage-and-film-thickness-of-cementation-materials-for-veneers-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-3d-microcomputed-tomography-analysis
#6
Camila S Sampaio, João Malta Barbosa, Eduardo Cáceres, Lindiane C Rigo, Paulo G Coelho, Estevam A Bonfante, Ronaldo Hirata
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Few studies have investigated the volumetric polymerization shrinkage and film thickness of the different cementation techniques used to cement veneers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the volumetric polymerization shrinkage (VS) and film thickness (FT) of various cementation techniques through 3-dimensional (3D) microcomputed tomography (μCT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight artificial plastic maxillary central incisors with standard preparations for veneers were provided by a mannequin manufacturer (P-Oclusal) and used as testing models with the manufacturer's plastic veneers...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820690/multidisciplinary-treatment-of-complicated-crown-root-fractures-a-case-study
#7
I L Stojanac, B V Bajkin, M T Premovic, B D Ramic, L M Petrovic
Traumatic dental injuries usually occur among children and adolescents, with maxillary central incisors as the most often affected teeth. Complicated crown-root fractures are particularly challenging for esthetic and functional rehabilitation and often require a multidisciplinary approach. A 21-year-old male patient came to the Dental Clinic due to fractured maxillary incisors caused by trauma during a sporting activity. Clinical examination revealed horizontal fractures of teeth 7, 8, and 9, initiating in the labial cervical third and extending subgingivally on the palate, with exposed pulp tissues...
November 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765396/prospective-cohort-clinical-study-assessing-the-5-year-survival-and-success-of-anterior-maxillary-zirconia-based-crowns-with-customized-zirconia-copings
#8
Sami Dogan, Ariel J Raigrodski, Hai Zhang, Lloyd A Mancl
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Studies evaluating anterior zirconia-based crowns are limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective cohort clinical study was to assess the efficacy of zirconia-based anterior maxillary crowns with 0.3-mm customized copings at the cervical third and anatomical design elsewhere for up to 5 years of service. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen participants who required an anterior maxillary crown (n=20) and who had signed a consent form approved by the University of Washington Health Sciences Center Human Subjects Division were enrolled...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730217/minimally-invasive-vertical-preparation-design-for-ceramic-veneers
#9
Mario Imburgia, Angelo Canale, Davide Cortellini, Marco Maneschi, Claudio Martucci, Marco Valenti
The esthetic treatment of anterior teeth has always presented a challenge in clinical practice. With the improvement of dental materials, many restorative options such as composite resins, all-ceramic crowns, and ceramic veneers have become available. The current challenge in reconstructive dentistry is to obtain excellent esthetic results while preserving the biological structures involved as much as possible. Thanks to the introduction of high-strength etchable dental ceramics, clinicians and technicians have materials and procedures at their disposal that allow them to restore esthetics and function through a minimally invasive approach...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707502/leucite-and-cooling-rate-effect-on-porcelain-zirconia-mechanical-behavior
#10
P D Meirelles, Y O Spigolon, M Borba, P Benetti
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the influence of the cooling protocol on the mechanical behavior of Y-TZP veneered with porcelain with different compositions. The tested hypotheses were: (1) Y-TZP infrastructures veneered with porcelain containing leucite in its composition presents higher flexural strength (σ) and reliability (m), and (2) slow cooling protocol results in greater σ and m. METHODS: A total of 120 bilayer porcelain-Y-TZP bar-shaped specimens were prepared with the dimensions of 1...
December 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700128/how-to-bond-zirconia-the-apc-concept
#11
Markus B Blatz, Marcela Alvarez, Kimiyo Sawyer, Marco Brindis
Zirconia has become one of the most popular materials in dentistry. New high-translucent zirconia ceramics have favorable optical properties and can be applied as monolithic full-contour restorations in various clinical indications for posterior and anterior teeth. However, having reliable cementation protocols is fundamental for clinical success of indirect ceramic dental restorations, including those made from zirconia materials. Resin bonding supports ceramic restorations and is necessary for onlays, laminate veneers, and resinbonded fixed dental prostheses...
October 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697333/lifetime-prediction-of-zirconia-and-metal-ceramic-crowns-loaded-on-marginal-ridges
#12
Vinicius P Fardin, Vitor Guarconi de Paula, Estevam A Bonfante, Paulo G Coelho, Gerson Bonfante
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fatigue life of zirconia-veneered and metal-ceramic crowns comprised by an even thickness or a modified framework design when loaded on marginal ridges. METHODS: Eighty marginal ridges were present after fabrication of forty molar crowns cemented onto composite-resin replicas and divided (n=20/each), in the following groups: metal-ceramic with even thickness (MCev) or with a modified framework design (MCm, lingual collar with proximal struts); porcelain-fused to zirconia with even thickness (PFZev) or with the modified framework design (PFZm)...
December 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693779/managing-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Karim Elhennawy, Falk Schwendicke
OBJECTIVES: We systematically reviewed treatment modalities for MIH-affected molars and incisors. DATA: Trials on humans with ≥1 MIH molar/incisor reporting on various treatments were included. Two authors independently searched and extracted records. Sample-size-weighted annual failure rates were estimated where appropriate. The risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. SOURCES: Electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane CENTRAL, Google Scholar) were screened, and hand searches and cross-referencing performed...
December 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692583/using-modified-polyetheretherketone-peek-as-an-alternative-material-for-endocrown-restorations-a-short-term-clinical%C3%A2-report
#14
Panagiotis Zoidis, Eleonora Bakiri, Gregory Polyzois
A modified polyetheretherketone (PEEK) framework material veneered with indirect light-polymerized composite resin was used as an alternative material for the fabrication of an endocrown restoration for an extensively damaged molar. The elastic modulus of the polyetheretherketone framework (4 GPa) veneered with indirect composite resin could dampen the occlusal forces protecting tooth structures better than ceramic materials. This is important in the restoration of extensively damaged molars with weak roots...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692577/surface-properties-of-polyetheretherketone-after-different-laboratory-and-chairside-polishing-protocols
#15
Sina Heimer, Patrick R Schmidlin, Malgorzata Roos, Bogna Stawarczyk
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) can be used as a framework material for fixed dental prostheses. However, information about laboratory and chairside polishing methods is still scarce. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the effects of laboratory and chairside polishing methods on the surface roughness (SR) and surface free energy (SFE) of PEEK, an autopolymerizing poly(methyl methacrylate), and a veneering composite resin...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689840/water-sorption-and-solubility-of-luting-agents-used-under-ceramic-laminates-with-different-degrees-of-translucency
#16
C L Leal, Apv Queiroz, R M Foxton, S Argolo, P Mathias, A N Cavalcanti
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of low-thickness ceramic laminate translucency on water sorption and solubility in resin luting agents. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Ceramic slides (15×0.7 mm) were generated using lithium disilicate (IPS e.max Press, Ivoclar-Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) that were A1 in color and had decreasing degrees of translucency (high, medium, and low). A slide of transparent glass of similar size was used as the control...
September 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671466/fatigue-behavior-of-resin-modified-monolithic-cad-cam-rnc-crowns-and-endocrowns
#17
G T Rocca, P Sedlakova, C M Saratti, R Sedlacek, L Gregor, N Rizcalla, A J Feilzer, I Krejci
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of different types of modifications with resin on fatigue resistance and failure behavior of CAD-CAM resin nano ceramic (RNC) restorations for maxillary first premolars. METHODS: Sixty standardized resin composite root dies received CAD-CAM RNC endocrowns (n=30) and crowns (n=30) (Lava Ultimate, 3M Espe). Restorations were divided into six groups: full anatomic endocrowns (group A) and crowns (group D), buccal resin veneered endocrowns (group B) and crowns (group E) and buccal resin veneered endocrowns (group C) and crowns (group F) with a central groove resin filling...
December 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662604/prognosis-of-indirect-composite-resin-cuspal-coverage-on-endodontically-treated-premolars-and-molars-an-in-vivo-prospective-study
#18
Maria Carlos Real Dias, Jorge N R Martins, André Chen, Sérgio André Quaresma, Henrique Luís, João Caramês
PURPOSE: This prospective clinical study evaluated the success rate of indirect composite resin cuspal coverage on endodontically treated molars and premolars and the survival rate of the restored teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty endodontically treated teeth were restored with total resin cuspal coverage and randomly selected for the study. Patients were recalled after 2 to 5 years for clinical evaluation. Data were subjected to standard tests of statistical correlations using Spearman test...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561579/what-i-wish-i-d-learned-at-dental-school
#19
G R Oliver, C D Lynch, B L Chadwick, A Santini, N H F Wilson
Background Much concern appears to exist as to the scope and content of contemporary dental school programmes, with the oft-cited criticism being made that dental graduates are 'no longer as good as they used to be'.Aim The aim of this project was to survey the views of dentists - both new graduates and more established practitioners - on aspects of their own dental school training they felt had been deficient as well as commenting on what aspects of dental school education they would like to see improved/enhanced in current times...
August 26, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546859/opalescence-of-human-teeth-and-dental-esthetic-restorative-materials
#20
Yong-Keun Lee
Human tooth enamel is opalescent, which renders teeth bluish in reflected and orange in transmitted color. The aim was to review opalescent property of teeth and application and mimetic reproduction in esthetic restorations. A PubMed search for articles published in English till 2015 on the opalescence of teeth and esthetic materials revealed 29 relevant papers. Opalescence was measured with OP-RT index, which was calculated as the difference in the yellow-blue and red-green color coordinates between the reflected and transmitted colors...
December 1, 2016: Dental Materials Journal
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