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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816363/the-suicidal-inmate-a-comparison-of-inmates-who-attempt-versus-complete-suicide
#1
Emily A Boren, Johanna B Folk, Jennifer M Loya, June P Tangney, Sharen E Barboza, John S Wilson
The aim of this study was to identify risk factors distinguishing inmates who attempt suicide from inmates who complete suicide. Compared with attempters, completers tended to be older, male, more educated, and married or separated/divorced; pretrial, committed for a violent crime, incarcerated in jail, housed in an inpatient mental health unit or protective custody setting, living in a single cell, not on suicide precautions, not previously under close observation; and more likely to act during overnight hours and die by hanging/self-strangulation...
August 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801944/the-emergence-of-second-generation-lethal-injection-protocols-a-brief-history-and-review
#2
Daniel R Malcom, Frank Romanelli
The history of capital punishment in the United States is long and controversial. In many cases, lethal injection has brought medical personnel, ethically and professionally charged with preserving life, into the arena of assisting the state in taking life. Recent US Supreme Court decisions, including Baze v. Rees and Glossip v. Gross, have evaluated and condoned lethal injection protocols. Despite the judicial validation of some midazolam-containing protocols, controversy exists as to the level of unconsciousness provided due to the ceiling effects of the drug...
August 12, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800809/legal-and-ethical-challenges-in-emergency-psychiatry-part-2-management-of-inmates
#3
REVIEW
Andrew Foote, Britta Ostermeyer
Psychiatrists and clinicians encounter unique situations, challenges, and requirements in the treatment of jail and prison inmates in the emergency department. This article reviews the historical legal highlights pertaining to medical and psychiatric care of inpatients, as well as the professional, ethical, and legal aspects that allow clinicians to evaluate, treat, and properly disposition their inmate patients. In particular, this article discusses the specific suicide risk factors related to inmates and correctional facilities that should be ascertained and managed in a clinician's suicide risk assessment and intervention planning in this special high suicide risk patient population...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792360/in-their-own-words-a-qualitative-exploration-of-last-statements-of-capital-punishment-inmates-in-the-state-of-missouri-1995-2011
#4
Maranda A Upton, Tabitha M Carwile, Kristina S Brown
Last statements have been a common practice as part of capital punishment as far back as the 1300s in Europe. In the United States, the first execution occurred in 1608, and currently, 32 states have the death penalty. In 1991, Missouri integrated death row inmates into the general prison population, which makes this population unique compared with other death row populations across the United States. This article is a qualitative study on the themes found in the last statements of 46 capitally punished inmates in Missouri from 1995 to 2011...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791677/patterns-and-prevalence-of-violence-related-skull-trauma-in-medieval-london
#5
Kathryn Krakowka
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify the patterns and prevalence of violence-related skull trauma (including the cranium and mandible) among a large sample of skeletons from medieval London (1050-1550 AD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, data from 399 skulls, representing six different sites from across medieval London, were analyzed for evidence of trauma and assessed for the likelihood that it was caused by violence. The sites include the three parish cemeteries of St Nicholas Shambles (GPO75), St Lawrence Jewry (GYE92), and St Benet Sherehog (ONE94); the two monastic houses of London Blackfriars (PIC87) and St Mary Graces (MIN86); and the early inmate cemetery from the medieval hospital of St Mary Spital (NRT85)...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790904/differences-in-inhibitory-control-between-impulsive-and-premeditated-aggression-in-juvenile-inmates
#6
Zhuo Zhang, Qianglong Wang, Xu Liu, Ping Song, Bo Yang
Inhibitory control dysfunction was considered a universal characteristic of violent offenders. The aim of this study was to examine differences in inhibitory control between two subtypes of violent youth; those displaying predominantly impulsive and those presenting predominantly premeditated aggression (PM). Forty-four juvenile offenders, defined on the basis of the Procedures for the Classification of Aggressive/Violent Acts (Stanford and Barratt, 2001) participated (N = 23: impulsive; N = 21 premeditated)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776462/demographic-and-spatial-disparity-in-hiv-prevalence-among-incarcerated-population-in-the-us-a-state-level-analysis
#7
Srimoyee Bose
The purpose of this study was to explore empirically the presence of any spatial and demographic disparity in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection rate among the prison inmates across 48 states in the US and compare the results for 2000 and 2010. HIV infection is a severe health issue for incarcerated populations in the US. In 2010, the rate of diagnosed HIV infection among inmates in state and federal prisons was five times more than the nonincarcerated population. The National Prisoner Statistics database was used to find the demographic disparities in HIV prevalence rate based on incarceration rate, gender, race/ethnicity, the proportion of non-US citizens, and proportion of population below 18 years...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759776/fatal-poisoning-by-butane-sniffing-a-forensic-analysis-and-immunohistochemical-detection-of-myocardial-hypoxic-damage
#8
Francesco Ventura, Rosario Barranco, Maria Celeste Landolfa, Massimo Gallo, Andrea Gianelli Castiglione, Giulio Fraternali Orcioni, Francesco De Stefano
Although less widespread than twenty years ago, inhalant abuse remains an on-going problem, whose incidence among U.S. teenagers and young adults ranges from 10 to 15%. Death due to the inhalation of vapor from halogenated hydrocarbons is a well-known phenomenon, yet few cases of fatal butane-gas poisoning have been described. Many cases of volatile substance abuse in prison populations have been reported: drug-addicted inmates often resort to this alternative practice when unable to get their habitual drugs of abuse...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759620/prevalence-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-among-prison-inmates-a-cross-sectional-survey-at-the-correctional-and-detention-facility-of-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#9
Benjamin Séri, Ange Koffi, Christine Danel, Timothée Ouassa, Marcel-Angora Blehoué, Eric Ouattara, Jeanne-d'Arc Assemien, Jean-Marie Masumbuko, Patrick Coffie, Nathalie Cartier, Arnaud Laurent, Gilles Raguin, Denis Malvy, Thérèse N'Dri-Yoman, Serge P Eholié, Serge K Domoua, Xavier Anglaret, Marie-Catherine Receveur
BACKGROUND: In Côte d'Ivoire, a TB prison program has been developed since 1999. This program includes offering TB screening to prisoners who show up with TB symptoms at the infirmary. Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of pulmonary TB among inmates at the Correctional and Detention Facility of Abidjan, the largest prison of Côte d'Ivoire, 16 years after this TB program was implemented. METHODS: Between March and September 2015, inmates, were screened for pulmonary TB using systematic direct smear microscopy, culture and chest X-ray...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759572/the-naked-truth-about-hiv-and-risk-taking-in-swedish-prisons-a-qualitative-study
#10
Sigrid J A Lindbom, Markus Larsson, Anette Agardh
BACKGROUND: This qualitative study explores former prison inmates' perceptions and attitudes towards HIV risk inside Swedish prisons. METHOD: In 2014, eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with former male prisoners to gain a deeper understanding of situations perceived to be associated with risk of HIV transmission. The material gathered from the interviews was analyzed by manifest and latent qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: The findings revealed that risky behavioral practices, such as sharing needles, unprotected sexual activity, and lack of openness about HIV status represented potential health threats with regard to the risk of HIV transmission...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748325/the-sense-of-quality-of-life-and-religious-strategies-of-coping-with-stress-in-prison-inmates
#11
Elżbieta Talik, Bartłomiej Skowroński
The aim of the presented research was to analyze differences in religious strategies of coping with stress in a group of prison inmates characterized by different levels of the sense of quality of life-general, psychophysical, psychosocial, personal, and metaphysical. The participants were 390 males, aged 19-68 years, serving sentences in prisons in Poland. The measures used were the Sense of Quality of Life Questionnaire by M. Straś-Romanowska and K. I. Pargament's RCOPE Questionnaire. As expected, individuals with a high sense of quality of life-both general and pertaining to specific dimensions-more often chose positive religious strategies, whereas participants with a low sense of quality of life more often chose negative strategies...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730915/burnout-among-danish-prison-personnel-a-question-of-quantitative-and-emotional-demands
#12
Dorte Raaby Andersen, Lars Peter Andersen, Charlotte Ann Gadegaard, Annie Høgh, Annick Prieur, Thomas Lund
Objectives The objective of this follow-up study was to investigate associations between individual, occupational and work environment factors and burnout among both uniformed and non-uniformed personnel working in the Danish Prison and Probation Service. Methods The participants (N = 4808) with client contact received a questionnaire in 2010 and again in 2011. In 2010, 2843 participants responded to the questionnaire (59.1%), and in 2011, 1741 responded to the questionnaire, yielding a response rate of 61...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730855/relationship-intervention-for-inmates-and-their-partners-bringing-couples-together-before-release
#13
Kerry Kazura
The aim of this intervention study was to examine the impact of the Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program on inmates and their partners with the programming goal to reduce the negative impact of incarceration on families. This study was conducted in a prison facility in the Northeast United States, and data were collected on 40 couples (40 male inmates and 40 female partners) that completed the program. This study used a self-report pre and post survey to collect data on relationship satisfaction, relationship confidence, types of interactions, as well as program satisfaction...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724668/mortality-rates-and-cause-of-death-among-former-prison-inmates-in-north-carolina
#14
Mark Jones, Gregory D Kearney, Xiaohui Xu, Tammy Norwood, Scott K Proescholdbell
BACKGROUND Inmates face challenges upon release from prison, including increased risk of death. We examine mortality among former inmates in North Carolina, including both violent and nonviolent deaths.METHODS A retrospective cohort study among former North Carolina inmates released between 2008 and 2010 were linked with North Carolina mortality data to determine cause of death. Inmates were followed through December 31, 2012. Mortality rates among former inmates were compared with deaths among North Carolina residents using standardized mortality ratios (SMRs)...
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715985/mental-disorders-among-criminal-offenders-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
Emily D Gottfried, Sheresa C Christopher
This article examines mental illness among adult, juvenile, male, female, jail, and prison inmates. It also explores the way in which mental health diagnoses impact offending and violent behavior. A review of literature pertaining to differences between the genders and age of offenders suggests that psychiatric disorders are more common among criminal offenders than the population at large. Furthermore, it appears that many mentally ill offenders do not receive sufficient treatment during their incarcerations and that barriers inherent to incarceration prevent adequate treatment of mental illnesses...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714722/pilot-testing-the-daily-activities-list-for-inmates-dali-item-evaluation-and-content-validity
#16
Philip R Magaletta, Rokas Perskaudas, Christina J Connors, Marc W Patry, Jarrod Reisweber, Alix McLearen
Scheduling enjoyable daily activities is a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy intervention used in the treatment of depression and substance abuse disorders that are prevalent disorders among inmates. To effectively use this intervention with inmates, an activities list with items ecologically sensitive to the correctional setting needs to be created. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate items; thus, establishing a content valid Daily Activities List for Inmates (DALI). Fifteen corrections professionals representing a wide range of disciplines and managerial backgrounds served as subject matter experts (SMEs)...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709385/recurrent-childhood-animal-cruelty-and-its-link-to-recurrent-adult-interpersonal-violence
#17
Caleb E Trentham, Christopher Hensley, Christina Policastro
In the early 1960s, researchers began to examine the potential link between childhood animal cruelty and future interpersonal violence. Findings since then have been inconsistent in establishing a relationship between the two. This may be due to researchers failing to measure the recurrency of childhood animal abuse and the recurrency of later violent acts committed in adulthood. The current study, using data from 257 inmates at a medium-security prison in a Southern state, is a replication of research conducted by Tallichet and Hensley, and Hensley, Tallichet, and Dutkiewicz, which examined this recurrency issue...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676410/tuberculosis-transmission-in-public-locations-in-tanzania-a-novel-approach-to-studying-airborne-disease-transmission
#18
Jerry Hella, Carl Morrow, Francis Mhimbira, Samuel Ginsberg, Nakul Chitnis, Sebastien Gagneux, Beatrice Mutayoba, Robin Wood, Lukas Fenner
OBJECTIVES: For tuberculosis (TB) transmission to occur, an uninfected individual must inhale the previously infected breath. Our objective was to identify potential TB transmission hotspots in metropolitan city of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and to model the annual risk of TB transmission in different locations of public importance. METHODS: We collected indoor carbon dioxide (CO2) data from markets, prisons, night clubs, public transportation, religious and social halls, and from schools...
September 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672787/the-efficacy-of-dog-assisted-therapy-in-detained-drug-users-a-pilot-study-in-an-italian-attenuated-custody-institute
#19
Laura Contalbrigo, Marta De Santis, Marica Toson, Maria Montanaro, Luca Farina, Aldo Costa, Felice Alfonso Nava
Drug addiction is a major care and safety challenge in prison context. Nowadays, rehabilitation and specific therapeutic programs are suggested to improve health and well-being of inmates during their detention time and to reduce substance abuse relapse after release from prison. Among these programs, several studies reported the benefits for inmates coming from animal assisted interventions. In this pilot controlled study, we investigated the efficacy of a dog assisted therapy program addressed to 22 drug addicted male inmates housed in an attenuated custody institute in Italy...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656821/increased-coccidioidomycosis-among-inmates-at-a-california-prison-initial-investigation-in-2005-to-2006
#20
Lauren A Lee, Jean Yuan, Duc Vugia, Charlotte Wheeler, Robert Chapnick, Janet Mohle-Boetani
Since 2005, coccidioidomycosis has increased among inmates at a California prison. Our initial investigation found an incidence of 3,323 cases/100,000 persons. Black race, age ≥41 years, and residence on Yard C were significantly associated with coccidioidomycosis ( p < .05). Inmates at this prison have continued to be at risk for coccidioidomycosis.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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