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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455436/older-adults-in-jail-high-rates-and-early-onset-of-geriatric-conditions
#1
Meredith Greene, Cyrus Ahalt, Irena Stijacic-Cenzer, Lia Metzger, Brie Williams
BACKGROUND: The number of older adults in the criminal justice system is rapidly increasing. While this population is thought to experience an early onset of aging-related health conditions ("accelerated aging"), studies have not directly compared rates of geriatric conditions in this population to those found in the general population. The aims of this study were to compare the burden of geriatric conditions among older adults in jail to rates found in an age-matched nationally representative sample of community dwelling older adults...
February 17, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455144/evaluation-of-childhood-trauma-with-respect-to-criminal-behavior-dissociative-experiences-adverse-family-experiences-and-psychiatric-backgrounds-among-prison-inmates
#2
Merih Altintas, Mustafa Bilici
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate childhood trauma in relation to criminal behavior, dissociative experiences, adverse family experiences during childhood and psychiatric backgrounds among prison inmates. METHODS: In total, 200 prison inmates were included in this questionnaire-based study. Data on demographic characteristics, adverse family experiences during childhood and psychiatric backgrounds were collected via face-to-face interviews, and a psychometric evaluation was conducted using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28) and Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES)...
January 2, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451424/risk-factors-of-sexual-assault-and-victimization-among-youth-in-custody
#3
Eileen M Ahlin
Research suggests that youth are at higher risk of sexual assault and victimization while in custody than adult inmates. However, compared with adult inmates, very little is known about the risk factors associated with such violence among youth in custody. Without sufficient research on risk factors associated with sexual assault and victimization among youth in custody, practitioners and policy makers may be reliant on the adult literature when making decisions about how to address and prevent such violence among juveniles...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449824/reduced-self-control-after-3-months-of-imprisonment-a-pilot-study
#4
Jesse Meijers, Joke M Harte, Gerben Meynen, Pim Cuijpers, Erik J A Scherder
Background: Prison can be characterized as an impoverished environment encouraging a sedentary lifestyle with limited autonomy and social interaction, which may negatively affect self-control and executive function. Here, we aim to study the effects of imprisonment on self-control and executive functions, and we report the change in neuropsychological outcome after 3 months of imprisonment. Materials and Methods: Participants were 37 male inmates in a remand prison in Amsterdam, Netherlands, who completed six tests of a computerized neuropsychological test battery (the Cambridge Automated Neuropsychological Test Battery) in the first week of arrival...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446961/psychopathic-men-deficits-in-general-mental-ability-not-emotion-perception
#5
Sally G Olderbak, Andreas Mokros, Joachim Nitschke, Elmar Habermeyer, Oliver Wilhelm
Psychopathy is characteristically associated with deficits in emotion perception; however, findings surrounding this deficit are actually quite mixed. This is most likely due to limitations of study methodology, including the use of tasks with unknown or poor psychometric properties, underpowered samples, and a lack of control for third variables. We present a study that addressed these limitations. A sample of men (n = 339) ranging across the psychopathy continuum, recruited in and out of the German prison system, completed three psychometrically validated tasks that assessed the ability to perceive facially expressed emotions...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432706/-people-don-t-understand-what-goes-on-in-here-a-consensual-qualitative-research-analysis-of-inmate-caregiver-perspectives-on-prison-based-end-of-life-care
#6
Rachel M Depner, Pei C Grant, David J Byrwa, Jennifer M Breier, Jennifer Lodi-Smith, Debra L Luczkiewicz, Christopher W Kerr
BACKGROUND: The age demographic of the incarcerated is quickly shifting from young to old. Correctional facilities are responsible for navigating inmate access to healthcare; currently, there is no standardization for access to end-of-life care. There is growing research support for prison-based end-of-life care programs that incorporate inmate peer caregivers as a way to meet the needs of the elderly and dying who are incarcerated. AIM: This project aims to (a) describe a prison-based end-of-life program utilizing inmate peer caregivers, (b) identify inmate-caregiver motivations for participation, and (c) analyze the role of building trust and meaningful relationships within the correctional end-of-life care setting...
February 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425365/social-work-and-prison-labor-a-restorative-model
#7
Shannon M Sliva, Ceema Samimi
The prison industry is one of the fastest-growing industries in the United States, fueled largely by prison privatization. UN guidelines and U.S. federal policy outline standards for prison workers, but evidence suggests that protections have been ignored or circumvented. The current prison labor system allows corporations to profit from punishment that is disproportionately allocated to people of color and the poor. This article provides a critical analysis of prison labor policies in the United States and proposes a position for social workers on the ethical and restorative use of inmate labor...
February 7, 2018: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419341/comparing-the-validity-of-self-report-and-urinalysis-for-substance-use-among-former-inmates-in-the-northeastern-united-states
#8
Jacob J van den Berg, Samuel Adeyemo, Mary B Roberts, Beth C Bock, L A R Stein, Rosemarie A Martin, Donna R Parker, Jennifer G Clarke
BACKGROUND: Problems with self-reported drug use include difficulties with recall and recognition as well as the desire to respond to questions in a socially desirable manner. Various methods have been developed to improve and/or validate estimates based on direct questioning of individuals regarding their substance use. For this study, we were interested in validating self-reported use of: 1) tobacco, 2) marijuana, and 3) other substances (i.e., heroin, cocaine, opiates, oxycodone, benzodiazepines, methamphetamine, phencyclidine, and barbiturates) employing urinalysis among inmates who participated in a randomized controlled trial of a smoking abstinence intervention in a tobacco-free prison located in the northeastern United States...
February 8, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413075/anger-and-tolerance-levels-of-the-inmates-in-prison
#9
Songül Duran, Sibel Ergün, Özlem Tekir, Türkan Çalışkan, Ayşe Karadaş
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396985/extended-release-injectable-naltrexone-for-opioid-use-disorder-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Brantley P Jarvis, August F Holtyn, Shrinidhi Subramaniam, D Andrew Tompkins, Emmanuel A Oga, George E Bigelow, Kenneth Silverman
AIMS: To review systematically the published literature on extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX, Vivitrol®), marketed as a once-per-month injection product to treat opioid use disorder. We addressed the following questions: (1) How successful is induction on XR-NTX?; (2) What are adherence rates to XR-NTX?; and (3) Does XR-NTX decrease opioid use? Factors associated with these outcomes as well as overdose rates were examined. METHODS: We searched PubMed and used Google Scholar for forward citation searches of peer-reviewed articles from January 2006 to June 2017...
February 3, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392971/the-dynamics-of-intra-family-relationships-during-incarceration-and-the-implications-for-children-of-incarcerated-parents
#11
Hyojong Song, Youngki Woo, Heeuk D Lee, John K Cochran
The current study examines effects of changes in intra-family relationships after parental incarceration on internalizing behaviors of the children of incarcerated parents. Using data from a sample of 249 incarcerated parents with minor children in South Korea, the present study found that perceived degradation of family relationships among inmate parents, their non-incarcerated spouses, and children was a significant risk factor of internalizing behaviors of children of incarcerated parents. The current study also found that inmate parents who had more frequent family contact were more likely to perceive improvements of all forms of intra-family relationships during incarceration...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386076/outbreak-of-legionnaires-disease-associated-with-cooling-towers-at-a-california-state-prison-2015
#12
K D Lucas, C Wheeler, P McLendon, B N Leistikow, J C Mohle-Boetani
A large outbreak of Legionnaires' disease occurred at a California state prison in August 2015. We conducted environmental and epidemiological investigations to identify the most likely source of exposure and characterise morbidity. Sixty-four inmates had probable Legionnaires' disease; 14 had laboratory-confirmed legionellosis. Thirteen (17%) inmates were hospitalised; there were no deaths. Ill inmates were more likely to be ⩾65 years old (P < 0.01), have the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (P < 0...
February 1, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373393/extended-release-naltrexone-improves-viral-suppression-among-incarcerated-persons-living-with-hiv-with-opioid-use-disorders-transitioning-to-the-community-results-of-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#13
Sandra A Springer, Angela Di Paola, Marwan Azar, Russell Barbour, Breanne E Biondi, Maureen Desabrais, Thomas Lincoln, Daniel J Skiest, Frederick L Altice
OBJECTIVE: To determine if extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) would improve or maintain viral suppression (VS) among prisoners or jail detainees with HIV and opioid use disorders (OUD) transitioning to the community. DESIGN: A four-site, prospective randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted among prison and jail inmates with HIV and OUD transitioning to the community from September 2010 through March 2016. METHODS: Eligible participants (N=93) were randomized 2:1 to receive 6 monthly injections of XR-NTX (n=66) or placebo (n=27) starting at release and observed for 6 months...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364333/emotional-well-being-amongst-female-inmates-in-prisons-the-relevance-of-their-addictive-history-and-their-country-of-origin
#14
M M García-Vita, F T Añaños-Bedriñana, M P Fernández-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To know more about the emotional well-being of women held in prisons in Spain by analyzing the state of mental health they present and investigating the factors that affect them. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample of 434 inmates in Spanish penitentiary centers was studied. An ad hoc designed questionnaire was used and a logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the variables and to what extent they influence emotional well-being. RESULTS: The existence of a statistically significant relationship between the well-being stages and the origin variables (region of origin of the women) and the history of substance addiction were confirmed...
December 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364332/criminal-characteristics-of-a-group-of-primary-criminals-diagnosed-with-aspd-approach-to-criminal-recidivis
#15
R Larrotta-Castillo, A M Garivia, C Mora-Jaimes, D A Gómez-Abril
INTRODUCTION: Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is commonly associated with the risk of criminal recidivism. Knowing more about the factors associated with this pattern of behaviour can help with the design of effective prevention strategies. The purpose of this article is to establish if there are differences in socio-criminogenic variables of a group of criminals sentenced for the first time and with APSD compared to another group of first-time offenders who do not present this disorder...
December 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341974/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-continuing-methadone-maintenance-treatment-during-incarceration-compared-with-forced-withdrawal
#16
Kelly E Moore, Lindsay Oberleitner, Kathryn M Z Smith, Kathleen Maurer, Sherry A McKee
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is underutilized in correctional settings, and those receiving MMT in the community often undergo withdrawal upon incarceration. Federal and state regulations present barriers to providing methadone in correctional facilities. For this investigation, a community provider administered methadone to inmates who had been receiving methadone prior to incarceration. We hypothesized that inmates continued on MMT would have improved behavior during incarceration and post-release...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308437/brain-volume-correlates-with-duration-of-abstinence-from-substance-abuse-in-a-region-specific-and-substance-specific-manner
#17
Cole Korponay, David S Kosson, Jean Decety, Kent A Kiehl, Michael Koenigs
Background: Human neuroimaging studies indicate that the loss of brain volume associated with substance abuse may be recovered during abstinence. Subcortical and prefrontal cortical regions involved in reward and decision-making are among the regions most consistently implicated in damage and recovery from substance abuse, but the relative capacities of these different brain regions to recover volume during abstinence remains unclear, and it is unknown whether recovery capacities depend on the substance that was abused...
October 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307318/outbreak-epidemiologically-linked-with-a-composite-product-of-beef-mechanically-separated-chicken-and-textured-vegetable-protein-contaminated-with-multiple-serotypes-of-salmonella-enterica-including-multidrug-resistant-infantis-california-2016
#18
J A Hutchinson, C Wheeler, J C Mohle-Boetani
A salmonellosis outbreak occurred at a California prison in April and May 2016. In a cohort study of 371 inmates, persons who consumed dishes from the prison kitchen made from ground meat had a higher attack rate (15%) than those who did not (4%) (risk ratio 3.4, 95% CI 1.1-10.6). The ground meat product was composed exclusively of beef, mechanically separated chicken (MSC) and textured vegetable protein; eight of eight lots of the product collected from the prison and processing facility were contaminated with Salmonella enterica of eight serotypes and 17 distinct PFGE patterns, including multidrug-resistant S...
January 8, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303035/reducing-hospital-readmissions-among-incarcerated-patients
#19
Clarence Cryer
In many health care settings, hospital readmissions represent poor quality and increased costs. The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation includes reduced readmission rates among key performance indicators for the quality of care provided to inmates. More than 25% of the institutions continue to face challenges in minimizing these occurrences. Despite historic deficiencies, the California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison at Corcoran reduced 30-day readmissions over a 2-year period...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303034/the-effects-of-restrictive-housing-on-the-psychological-functioning-of-inmates
#20
J Hunter Astor, Thomas J Fagan, David Shapiro
The use of restrictive housing as a correctional management tool has received much attention in recent years, especially as it impacts psychological functioning. While there is considerable literature advocating for the reduced use of restrictive housing, much of it is based on opinions, interview data, and testimonials. This article reviews only the empirical evidence regarding the effects of restrictive housing on psychological functioning in actual correctional settings. Results of this review indicate that only a limited number of empirical studies examine the effects of restrictive housing on mental functioning in correctional settings...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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