keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Inmate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034671/-hepatitis-c-in-prison-an-opportunity-for-healthcare
#1
Méoïn Hagège
Prison inmates constitute a vulnerable population, in which socially excluded, poor and marginalized individuals are overrepresented and infectious diseases are more prevalent than in the general population. The poor health of inmates and recently released inmates is a rarely studied public health problem. The health trajectories of inmates living with the hepatitis C virus is an interesting case study to discuss public health interventions in prison. It is presented here as part of a socio-anthropological study of inmates and healthcare professionals in France...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031158/a-potential-contribution-to-human-identification-using-peri-mortem-trauma-an-example-from-peru
#2
Jose P Baraybar
This is an exploratory study into the need for additional lines of forensic evidence in humanitarian cases using applied research. One hundred and twenty four, still unidentified terrorism inmates, were killed after surrendering to the Peruvian Army once it took control of the San Pedro-Lurigancho prison in Lima, Peru in 1986. Two questions are put forward: first, to what extent mechanism of injury (gunshot, blunt, sharp force) and bodily distribution of those injuries allow us to classify individuals into discrete sub-groups of people? The second question is to what respect can such a classification become an additional line of evidence assisting in generating hypotheses of identity regarding those individuals? The analysis of the 109 recovered bodies and their associated evidence show a sub group of four individuals differentiated from the rest based on the combination of injuries (gunshot and blunt force trauma), opposing trajectories and weapons...
September 21, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028567/accessibility-of-prison-healthcare-for-elderly-inmates-a-qualitative-assessment
#3
Raheleh Heidari, Tenzin Wangmo, Serena Galli, David M Shaw, Bernice S Elger
Aging in custody and the rising population of elderly prisoners are creating compelling challenges for criminal justice, prison and public healthcare systems. Geriatric syndrome and higher prevalence of co-morbidities amongst older inmates result in heightened vulnerability in prison environments. Empirical research addressing older adults' access to medical care in detention is scarce; therefore, this study assessed access to medical care in prison from the perspective of older prisoners in Switzerland. We interviewed a sample of 35 older inmates (average age 61 years) on their experience of healthcare accessibility in prison; data were qualitatively analysed and major themes regarding evaluation of their access to medical services were extracted...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028559/-what-s-the-right-thing-to-do-correctional-healthcare-providers-knowledge-attitudes-and-experiences-caring-for-transgender-inmates
#4
Kirsty A Clark, Jaclyn M White Hughto, John E Pachankis
RATIONAL: Incarcerated transgender individuals may need to access physical and mental health services to meet their general and gender-affirming (e.g., hormones, surgery) medical needs while incarcerated. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine correctional healthcare providers' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and experiences providing care to transgender inmates. METHOD: In 2016, 20 correctional healthcare providers (e.g., physicians, social workers, psychologists, mental health counselors) from New England participated in in-depth, semi-structured interviews examining their experiences caring for transgender inmates...
October 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025417/human-rights-and-mental-health-in-post-apartheid-south-africa-lessons-from-health-care-professionals-working-with-suicidal-inmates-in-the-prison-system
#5
Jason Bantjes, Leslie Swartz, Pieter Niewoudt
BACKGROUND: During the era of apartheid in South Africa, a number of mental health professionals were vocal about the need for socio-economic and political reform. They described the deleterious psychological and social impact of the oppressive and discriminatory Nationalist state policies. However, they remained optimistic that democracy would usher in positive changes. In this article, we consider how mental health professionals working in post-apartheid South Africa experience their work...
October 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022739/the-offender-job-search-self-efficacy-scale-development-and-initial-validation
#6
Femina P Varghese, Kendra M Anderson, Devon L Cummings, Erica Fitzgerald
The purpose of this study was to develop the Offender Job Search Self-Efficacy Scale (OFJSSE) for the specific job search needs of the criminal justice population. Participants were 249 male inmates within 2 years of release from a state correctional facility in the southern region of the United States who identified mostly as Caucasian (56.2%), single (62.2%), working-class (45.4%) men with a mean age of 36.27 years (SD = 10.38). Initial validation data are described, including results of an exploratory factor analysis...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022735/the-culture-and-protective-suicide-scale-for-incarcerated-persons-capssip-a-measure-for-evaluating-suicide-risk-and-protection-within-correctional-populations
#7
Robert Horon, Stephanie N Williams, Todd McManus, John Roberts
Suicide risk and protective factors function for prisoners within the context of incarceration. The Culture and Protective Suicide Scale for Incarcerated Persons (CAPSSIP) is a tool designed to assess protective factors and cultural barriers to suicide for inmates. We present initial findings on the reliability, validity, factor structure, and utility of the CAPSSIP based on a trial conducted with inmates sent to an inpatient psychiatric program. Implications for suicide risk assessment processes in correctional settings are discussed...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990989/enhancing-care-of-aged-and-dying-prisoners-is-e-learning-a-feasible-approach
#8
Susan J Loeb, Janice Penrod, Valerie H Myers, Brenda L Baney, Sophia M Strickfaden, Erin Kitt-Lewis, Rachel K Wion
BACKGROUND: Prisons and jails are facing sharply increased demands in caring for aged and dying inmates. Our Toolkit for Enhancing End-of-life Care in Prisons effectively addressed end-of-life (EOL) care; however, geriatric content was limited, and the product was not formatted for broad dissemination. Prior research adapted best practices in EOL care and aging; but, delivery methods lacked emerging technology-focused learning and interactivity. PURPOSES: Our purposes were to uncover current training approaches and preferences and to ascertain the technological capacity of correctional settings to deliver computer-based and other e-learning training...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989527/influenza-outbreak-in-a-canadian-correctional-facility
#9
Jonathan Besney, Danusia Moreau, Angela Jacobs, Dan Woods, Diane Pyne, A Mark Joffe, Rabia Ahmed
Correctional facilities face increased risk of communicable disease transmission and outbreaks. We describe the progression of an influenza outbreak in a Canadian remand facility and suggest strategies for preventing, identifying and responding to outbreaks in this setting. In total, six inmates had laboratory-confirmed influenza resulting in 144 exposed contacts. Control measures included enhanced isolation precautions, restricting admissions to affected living units, targeted vaccination and antiviral prophylaxis...
July 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987062/aggressiveness-and-the-intensity-of-psychopathic-symptoms-gender-differences
#10
Marlena Banasik, Krzysztof Gierowski, Krzysztof Nowakowski
OBJECTIVES: The analysis of the recent international reports in the literature on psychopathy has proved irrefutablythat there is a necessity for the in-depth studies on psychopathy among the female sentenced offenders. Although there is no disagreement among the researchers on the 'male' form of this disorder, there are still very few gender comparative studies. The aim of this project was to investigate the relationship between the intensity of particular psychopathic features and aggressive tendencies in a group of female and male inmates...
August 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983147/friends-in-locked-places-an-investigation-of-prison-inmate-network-structure
#11
David R Schaefer, Martin Bouchard, Jacob T N Young, Derek A Kreager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Social Networks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975968/underserved-populations-and-bacterial-and-protozoal-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-lost-health-care-opportunity
#12
V Fiore, G Latte, G Madeddu, G Galleri, G Rocchitta, S Nuvoli, D Calvisi, P Bagella, R Manetti, P A Serra, A Spanu, S Babudieri
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our review is an update about the burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among various types of underserved populations, such as migrants, substance abusers, homeless and incarcerated inmates. First-line test and treatment based on the latest available evidence according to the revised guidelines of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have also been considered. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a comprehensive research using scientific databases such as Medline and Pubmed, followed by a review of citations and reference list...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972814/examining-the-incremental-utility-of-dsm-5-section-iii-traits-and-impairment-in-relation-to-traditional-personality-disorder-scores-in-a-female-correctional-sample
#13
Chelsea E Sleep, Dustin B Wygant, Joshua D Miller
Personality disorders (PDs) are challenging to assess and are associated with great individual and societal costs. In response to the limitations of categorical models, the DSM-5 included an alternative model (i.e., Section III), which uses impairment (Criterion A) and pathological traits (Criterion B) to diagnose PDs. Although numerous studies have illustrated dimensional trait models' ability to capture personality psychopathology, less attention has been paid to personality impairment. The present investigation sought to examine Criterion A's ability to contribute incrementally to the prediction of antisocial (ASPD), borderline (BPD), and narcissistic personality disorders (NPD), and Interpersonal-Affective (F1) and Impulsive-Antisocial (F2) features of psychopathy...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966393/exploring-relationships-between-delinquent-peer-groups-participation-in-delinquency-substance-abuse-and-injecting-drug-use-among-the-incarcerated-findings-from-a-national-sample-of-state-and-federal-inmates-in-the-united-states
#14
Phillip Marotta
The following study assesses the relationship between affiliating with delinquent peer groups, participation in delinquency, and several substance misuse and injecting drug use outcomes in a nationally representative sample of inmates in state and federal facilities in the United States. After controlling for potential confounders, affiliating with peers who engaged in deviant behaviors and participation in delinquency was associated with onset of alcohol and illicit drug use, substance dependence, alcohol dependence, types of substances used, and injecting drug use outcomes...
2017: Journal of Drug Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939727/characteristics-of-inmates-who-initiate-hunger-strikes
#15
Rusty Reeves, Anthony C Tamburello, Jennifer Platt, Drew Tepper, Kerri Edelman
A hunger strike is a common, expensive, and potentially lethal event within a correctional institution. In this study, we describe the characteristics of inmates who initiated hunger strikes in a state prison system. Electronic medical records for a state prison system were reviewed for documentation of hunger strikes from January 2005 through September 2015. There were 292 hunger strikes during the study period. Most (71%) lasted three or fewer days. When weight data were available, only 12.9 percent of the hunger strikes resulted in a weight loss >10 percent...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936408/emerging-trends-in-epidemiology-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#16
REVIEW
Cristina Stasi, Caterina Silvestri, Fabio Voller
Although a vaccine against hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been available since 1982, the prevalence of adults with chronic HBV infection in sub-Saharan Africa and East Asia is still estimated at 5-10%. A high rate of chronic infections is also found in the Amazon and the southern parts of eastern and central Europe. In the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent, the prevalence is 2-5%. Less than 1% of the population of Western Europe and North America is chronically infected. Given the high prevalence of infections (such as hepatitis) among inmates, prison is considered a reservoir for facilitating such infections...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934218/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasites-among-inmates-in-midwest-brazil
#17
Larissa Gabrielle Curval, Adriana de Oliveira França, Henrique Jorge Fernandes, Rinaldo Pôncio Mendes, Lídia Raquel de Carvalho, Minoru German Higa, Eduardo de Castro Ferreira, Maria Elizabeth Cavalheiros Dorval
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitic infections constitute a public health issue in developing countries, with prevalence rates as high as 90%, a figure set to escalate as the socioeconomic status of affected populations deteriorates. Investigating the occurrence of these infections among inmates is critical, since this group is more vulnerable to the spread of a number of infectious illnesses. METHODS: This cross-sectional, analytical, quantitative study was conducted in July 2015 at prison facilities located in Midwest Brazil to estimate the prevalence of parasitic infection among inmates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928784/association-of-stress-salivary-cortisol-level-and-periodontitis-among-the-inmates-of-a-central-prison-in-kerala
#18
Angel Fenol, Susan Jebi, Sajitha Krishnan, Jayachandran Perayil, Rajesh Vyloppillil, Anuradha Bhaskar, Sai Megha Menon, Ashitha Mohandas
BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between stress, salivary cortisol, and periodontitis among the inmates of the central prison. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy inmates were grouped depending on their pocket depth into Group A (pocket depth >4 mm and <6 mm), Group B (at least four sites with pocket depth ≥6 mm), and Group C (pocket depth ≤3 mm). The clinical parameters such as the oral hygiene index-simplified, gingival index, pocket depth, and the clinical attachment levels (CALs) were recorded...
July 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928687/the-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-a-brief-questionnaire-of-psychopathic-personality-traits
#19
Sonja Etzler, Sonja Rohrmann
The measurement of psychopathic personality traits via self-report has become an important tool in legal psychology. One prominent instrument is the Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI; Lilienfeld and Andrews, 1996), a well-validated questionnaire that is widely applied in many countries. In Germany, it is the only questionnaire assessing psychopathic traits that is available from a publisher with a manual edited for easy administration. Nevertheless, the PPI shows certain shortcomings: the high number of 154 items makes it less economic, it was developed on a non-representative undergraduate sample, and studies revealed an inconsistent factor structure...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918714/is-there-a-dark-side-to-mindfulness-relation-of-mindfulness-to-criminogenic-cognitions
#20
June P Tangney, Ashley E Dobbins, Jeffrey B Stuewig, Shannon W Schrader
In recent years, mindfulness-based interventions have been modified for use with inmate populations, but how this might relate to specific criminogenic cognitions has not been examined empirically. Theoretically, characteristics of mindfulness should be incompatible with distorted patterns of criminal thinking, but is this in fact the case? Among both 259 male jail inmates and 516 undergraduates, mindfulness was inversely related to the Criminogenic Cognitions Scale (CCS) through a latent variable of emotion regulation...
October 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
keyword
keyword
2501
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"