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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230918/poor-continuity-of-care-for-tb-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-zambian-prisons-a-situation-analysis
#1
S Hatwiinda, S M Topp, M Siyambango, J B Harris, K R Maggard, C Chileshe, N Kapata, S E Reid, G Henostroza
OBJECTIVES: Prisons act as infectious disease reservoirs. We aimed to explore the challenges of TB control and continuity of care in prisons in Zambia. METHODS: We evaluated treatment outcomes for a cohort of inmates diagnosed with TB during a TB REACH funded screening program initiated by the Zambia Prisons Service and the Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia. RESULTS: Between October 2010 and September 2011, 6,282 inmates from six prisons were screened for TB, of whom 374 (6...
December 12, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215131/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-an-italian-prison-and-relation-with-average-term-of-detention-a-pilot-study
#2
D Rocca
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and overweight are universally recognized as risk factors for cardiovascular disease, stroke and other chronic diseases. The few studies of overweight and obesity in inmate populations suggest that the prevalence of obesity in an institution is associated with the prevalence of the region. The goal of the study is to describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a sample of prisoners. METHODS: In a sample of prisoners of Busto Arsizio prison, weight and height were measured with standard method...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210868/is-there-a-potential-of-misuse-for-quetiapine-literature-review-and-analysis-of-the-european-medicines-agency-european-medicines-agency-adverse-drug-reactions-database
#3
Stefania Chiappini, Fabrizio Schifano
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: A recent years' increase in both prescribing and availability of second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) has been observed. According to the literature, typically made up by case studies/series, quetiapine seems to be the most commonly misused SGA, with both intranasal and intravenous intake modalities having been described. Another SGA that has been anecdotally reported to be misused is olanzapine. For these molecules, both a previous history of drug misuse and being an inmate have been described as factors associated with misuse...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199502/adhd-among-offenders-prevalence-and-relationship-with-psychopathic-traits
#4
Ana Machado, Diana Rafaela, Tânia Silva, Tânia Veigas, Joaquim Cerejeira
OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal studies have shown a strong association between ADHD and criminal behavior. The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of adult ADHD in a high-security facility and to investigate the relationship between ADHD symptoms and psychopathic traits in criminal offenders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants were recruited between October 2015 and January 2016 among the inmates from a high-security all-male correctional facility in Portugal...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199494/putting-out-fires-understanding-the-developmental-nature-and-roles-of-inmate-gangs-in-the-philippine-overcrowded-jails
#5
Raymund E Narag, Sou Lee
Utilizing intensive interview data from inmates in one of the most overcrowded and underresourced jails in Metro Manila, Philippines, this article explores the origins and roles of inmate pangkats (a derivative of gangs) in jail management. Responding to institutional deficiencies, such as police misconduct and court case delays, and structural shortages, such as lack of space, operational resources, and personnel, this article investigates how the pangkats supplement jail management and help keep the jail operations afloat...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195519/reducing-violence-in-correctional-institutions-revalidation-of-the-inmate-risk-assessment-for-violent-nonsexual-victimization
#6
Ryan M Labrecque, Heidi Scherer, James T McCafferty
Jail and prison administrators are responsible for ensuring institutional safety and order. Recent estimates indicate violence in correctional institutions is pervasive. One promising approach to reduce institutional violence is using a risk assessment to predict the likelihood of victimization. Once corrections officials identify high victimization risk offenders, these authorities can take steps to triage interventions to mitigate such risks. This strategy, however, requires a classification instrument that is available and predictively valid...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191440/predictors-of-linkage-to-hiv-care-and-viral-suppression-after-release-from-jails-and-prisons-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Kelsey B Loeliger, Frederick L Altice, Mayur M Desai, Maria M Ciarleglio, Colleen Gallagher, Jaimie P Meyer
BACKGROUND: Incarceration provides an opportunity for engagement in HIV care but is associated with poor HIV treatment outcomes after release. We aimed to assess post-release linkage to HIV care (LTC) and the effect of transitional case management services. METHODS: To create a retrospective cohort of all adults with HIV released from jails and prisons in Connecticut, USA (2007-14), we linked administrative custody and pharmacy databases with mandatory HIV/AIDS surveillance monitoring and case management data...
November 27, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191374/-involuntary-psychiatric-care-for-inmates-in-france-only-for-dangerous-patients
#8
T Fovet, M Bertrand, M Horn, W Si Mohammed, D Dandelot, M-C Dalle, P Thomas, A Amad
The unités hospitalières spécialement aménagées (UHSA) are full-time inpatient psychiatric units for inmates in France. Their creation has been associated with several advances in access to psychiatric care for inmates in recent years. However, there is still only one means of involuntary hospitalization for prisoners in France: care by decision of a representative of the state (les soins sur décision d'un représentant de l'état [SDRE]). Interestingly, for SDRE to be recognized as legal by the French judge, the patient must be "a danger to himself or to the others"...
November 27, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188756/psychosocial-correlates-of-attitudes-toward-male-sexual-violence-in-a-sample-of-financial-crime-property-crime-general-violent-and-homicide-offenders
#9
Agata Debowska, Daniel Boduszek, Dominic Willmott
Although those currently serving prison sentences for sexual violence can be identified and receive treatment, the number of prisoners with a history of sexual violence against female partners is unknown. Methods to identify prisoners with a proclivity for such violence and accurately assess the risk they pose before and after incarceration are therefore required. Here, we aimed to assess the level of sexually violent attitudes within dating relationships and to examine their associations with experiences of child abuse and neglect (CAN), psychopathic personality traits, prisonization, number of incarcerations, age, years of schooling, relationship status, and parenting among different types of offenders (financial crime, property crime, general violent, and homicide offenders)...
February 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187239/a-model-of-population-dynamics-of-tb-in-a-prison-system-and-application-to-south-africa
#10
Peter Witbooi, Sibaliwe Maku Vyambwera
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) continues to spread in South African prisons in particular, as prisons are over-capacitated and have poor ventilation. The awaiting trial detainees are not screened on admission and are at high risk of getting infected with TB. RESULTS: We propose a compartmental model to describe the population dynamics of TB disease in prisons. Our model considers the inflow of susceptible, exposed and TB infectives into the prison population. Removal of individuals out of the prison population can be either by death or by being released from prison, as compared to a general population in which removal is only by death...
November 29, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184319/a-comparative-study-of-depression-and-associated-risk-factors-among-elderly-inmates-of-old-age-homes-and-community-of-rajkot-a-gujarati-version-of-the-geriatric-depression-scale-short-form-gds-g
#11
Dipeshkumar D Zalavadiya, Anupam Banerjee, Ankit M Sheth, Matib Rangoonwala, Aarohi Mitra, Amiruddin M Kadri
Background: The prevalence of depression among elderly people varies across different setups such as old age homes (OAHs), community, and medical clinics. Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the epidemiological factors pertaining to depression among elderly residents of OAHs and community, using a new Gujarati version of the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (GDS-G). Settings and Design: A cross-sectional, epidemiological study conducted in an urban setup of Western India...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179811/economic-modelling-of-telehealth-substitution-of-face-to-face-specialist-outpatient-consultations-for-queensland-correctional-facilities
#12
Monica Taylor, Liam J Caffery, Paul A Scuffham, Anthony C Smith
Objective The provision of healthcare services to inmates in correctional facilities is costly and resource-intensive. This study aimed to estimate the costs of transporting prisoners from 11 Queensland correctional facilities to the Princess Alexandra Hospital Secure Unit (PAHSU) in Brisbane for non-urgent specialist outpatient consultations and identify the cost consequences that would result from the substitution of face-to-face visits with telehealth consultations.Methods A 12-month retrospective review of patient activity at the PAHSU was conducted to obtain the number of transfers per correctional facility...
November 28, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176519/risk-factors-for-women-being-under-the-influence-of-alcohol-compared-with-other-illicit-substances-at-the-time-of-committing-violent-crimes
#13
Kathleen Brewer-Smyth, Ryan T Pohlig
PURPOSE: We investigated women under the influence of alcohol compared with other illicit substances at the time of committing a crime to identify predictors of being under the influence of alcohol and female-enacted crime. METHODS: Analyses of data, obtained from private interviews and examinations of female prison inmates, included regression analyses exploring predictors of being under the influence of alcohol at the time of the crime and predictors of violent crime...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172877/frequent-drug-use-and-negative-employment-outcomes-among-the-criminally-active
#14
Paul E Bellair, Mike Vuolo, Eric G LaPlant
BACKGROUND: Employment is a central component of economic independence and is widely viewed as an essential element of social control. Whether frequent drug use reduces the likelihood of employment or obstructs hours worked, wages, and job commitment is therefore an important question about which there remains uncertainty. METHODS: We improve on shortcomings of prior research through a monthly within-person analysis of a population at high-risk of both drug use and poor employment outcomes...
November 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172595/mental-health-treatment-patterns-following-screening-at-intake-to-prison
#15
Michael S Martin, Beth K Potter, Anne G Crocker, George A Wells, Rebecca M Grace, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVE: While there is general consensus about the need to increase access to mental health treatment, it is debated whether screening is an effective solution. We examined treatment use by inmates in a prison system that offers universal mental health screening. METHOD: We conducted an observational study of 7,965 consecutive admissions to Canadian prisons. We described patterns of mental health treatment from admission until first release, death, or March, 2015 (median 14-month follow-up)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172574/gender-and-violence-risk-assessment-in-prisons
#16
Janet I Warren, James M Wellbeloved-Stone, Park E Dietz, Sara B Millspaugh
Our study examines the association between Historical, Clinical, Risk Management-20: Version 2; Psychopathy Checklist-Revised; and Violence Risk Assessment Guide scores and violence perpetrated during incarceration by male and female inmates. Using a sample of 288 men and 183 women selected from prisons in 2 states, we used receiver operating characteristics analyses to assess the potential of these 3 measures to predict threatened, physical, or sexual prison violence measured in 2 ways: inmate self-report and formal institutional infractions...
November 27, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166187/cognitive-behavioral-and-family-psychoeducational-therapies-for-adolescent-inmates-experiencing-anxiety-in-a-narcotics-correctional-facility
#17
Madepan Mulia, Budi Anna Keliat, Ice Yulia Wardani
Illicit substance use is becoming a major global issue. In Indonesia, inmates imprisoned for illicit substance offences accounted for 40% of the total inmate population. This study aimed to identify the effects of cognitive behavioral and family psychoeducational therapies on inmates' anxiety in the narcotics correctional facility. Quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test with control group was employed in this study. Intervention Group 1 received a general nursing intervention whereas Intervention Group 2 received a combination of general nursing intervention with cognitive behavioral and family psychoeducational therapies...
2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162122/overdose-prevention-training-with-naloxone-distribution-in-a-prison-in-oslo-norway-a-preliminary-study
#18
Aase Grønlien Petterson, Desiree Madah-Amiri
BACKGROUND: Prison inmates face a ten times increased risk of experiencing a fatal drug overdose during their first 2 weeks upon release than their non-incarcerated counterparts. Naloxone, the antidote to an opioid overdose, has been shown to be feasible and effective when administered by bystanders. Given the particular risk that newly released inmates face, it is vital to assess their knowledge about opioid overdoses, as well as the impact of brief overdose prevention training conducted inside prisons...
November 21, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161911/the-efficacy-of-naikan-therapy-on-male-offenders-changes-in-perceived-social-support-and-externalized-blame
#19
Xinfang Ding, Zhongzhao Liu, Guangjian Cao, Shiwei Wei, Zipeng Qiu, Kelai Wang, Xiaodi Guo, Zhigang Di, Peng Ren, Haoqian Fucha
Naikan is a contemplative self-observation practice that originated from Japanese Shin Buddhism and is utilized for rehabilitating prison inmates in many countries. Although some investigations have provided initial evidence for its efficiency in decreasing recidivism, there is still a need for further investigation of the effectiveness of Naikan on other outcomes through more controlled studies. The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of Naikan therapy on male offenders' perceived social support and externalized blame...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159485/beriberi-outbreak-among-unauthorised-immigrants-in-a-detention-camp-in-malaysia
#20
Sunita Abdul Rahman, Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, Fadzilah Kamaludin, Intan Azura Din, Mahanim Yusof, Kamruddin Ahmed
In February 2012, a district health authority received three inmates with bilateral leg swelling and difficulty in breathing from a detention camp for unauthorized immigrants. A case control study was conducted. Fasting blood samples of case and control groups were collected according to instructions of the laboratory for determining thiamine level, and their 1 week dietary intake was analyzed. 9% (21/226) of inmates had bilateral leg swelling, and 75% (6/8) of them had low thiamine level (< 66 mmol/L)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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