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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919254/anti-inflammatory-and-in-vitro-antibacterial-activities-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-formula-qingdaisan
#1
Xinghua Zhao, Xin He, Xiuhui Zhong
BACKGROUND: Qingdaisan (Formulated Indigo powder, QDS) are widely used for treatment of aphtha, sore throat and bleeding gums in China. The aim of the study is to evaluate the anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and dental ulcer therapeutic effects of QDS. METHODS: Dimethylbenzene-induced ear edema test and cotton pellet-induced granuloma test were used to evaluate anti-inflammatory activities of QDS on acute and chronic inflammatory. The healing time and local pathologic changes were used to assess the therapeutic effects of QDS on dental ulcer...
December 5, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902192/corrigendum-to-fermentibacillus-polygoni-gen-nov-sp-nov-an-alkaliphile-that-reduces-indigo-dye
#2
Kikue Hirota, Kenichi Aino, Isao Yumoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900483/indigo-naturalis-ameliorates-murine-dextran-sodium-sulfate-induced-colitis-via-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-activation
#3
Shoichiro Kawai, Hideki Iijima, Shinichiro Shinzaki, Satoshi Hiyama, Toshio Yamaguchi, Manabu Araki, Shuko Iwatani, Eri Shiraishi, Akira Mukai, Takahiro Inoue, Yoshito Hayashi, Masahiko Tsujii, Daisuke Motooka, Shota Nakamura, Tetsuya Iida, Tetsuo Takehara
BACKGROUND: Indigo Naturalis (IN) is used as a traditional herbal medicine for ulcerative colitis (UC). However, the mechanisms of action of IN have not been clarified. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of IN for ameliorating colonic inflammation. We further investigated the mechanisms of action of IN. METHODS: Colitis severity was assessed in dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis and trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis models with or without the oral administration of IN or indigo, which is a known major component of IN...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894166/the-detection-of-sentinel-lymph-nodes-in-laparoscopic-surgery-for-uterine-cervical-cancer-using-99m-technetium-tin-colloid-indocyanine-green-and-blue-dye
#4
Tomohito Tanaka, Yoshito Terai, Keisuke Ashihara, Satoshi Tsunetoh, Hiroyuki Akagi, Takashi Yamada, Masahide Ohmichi
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the feasibility and detection rates and clarify the most effective combination of injected tracer types for sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping in uterine cervical cancer in patients who have undergone laparoscopic surgery or neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). METHODS: A total of 119 patients with cervical cancer underwent SLN biopsy at radical hysterectomy using three types of tracers. The various factors related to side-specific detection rate, sensitivity, and false negative (FN) rate were analyzed...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891462/evaluation-of-efficacy-of-three-different-materials-used-in-cheiloscopy-a-comparative-study
#5
Anjaly Dolly, Charlotte Rodrigues, Rashmi Bankur, Pillai Arun Gopinathan, Rakhee Sharma, Annapurna Doddamani
INTRODUCTION: The imprint produced by the lip is termed as 'lip print' and the name given to the examination of lip print is referred to as cheiloscopy. AIM: The present study was done to compare the efficacy of three different materials used in cheiloscopy - Sudan III, Indigo and Aluminium powder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 60 individuals belonging to the age group of 18-25 years were included in this study. Visible and latent lip prints were reproduced on white cotton fabric, white satin fabric and white clay cup...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878770/a-low-cost-method-for-chromoendoscopy-for-surveillance-in-ulcerative-colitis
#6
Sawan Bopanna, Saurabh Kedia, Vineet Ahuja
The risk of colorectal cancer in Indian patients with long-standing ulcerative colitis is high and similar to that in the West. Surveillance for dysplasia in these patients is therefore important. Recent studies and guidelines suggest an increasing role for chromoendoscopy-guided biopsy in surveillance for dysplasia. We report our experience with the technique of chromoendoscopy and an economical method of performing it. Reconstituting indigo carmine from a powder form rather than the dyes available commercially is a better economical alternative and should help make chromoendoscopy the standard of care for dysplasia surveillance across the country...
November 23, 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858803/efficient-removal-of-indigo-carmine-dye-by-a-separation-process
#7
Simona Caprarescu, Alexandra Raluca Miron, Violeta Purcar, Anita-Laura Radu, Andrei Sarbu, Daniela Ion-Ebrasu, Leonard-Ionuţ Atanase, Marius Ghiurea
This study is aimed at developing an innovative approach for Indigo Carmine dye removal from synthetic solutions by electrodialysis, carried out using ion exchange membranes. The batch electrodialysis system was operated at various current intensities: 0.05, 0.1 and 0.15 A. The pH and conductivity of solutions were measured before and after using electrodialysis process. The colour removal efficiency (CR %) was determined by spectrographic analysis and the energy consumption (EC) was calculated. The obtained results show that the pH of treated solution increases due to the increase in solution conductivity...
November 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818892/a-new-algorithm-to-find-fuzzy-hamilton-cycle-in-a-fuzzy-network-using-adjacency-matrix-and-minimum-vertex-degree
#8
A Nagoor Gani, S R Latha
A Hamiltonian cycle in a graph is a cycle that visits each node/vertex exactly once. A graph containing a Hamiltonian cycle is called a Hamiltonian graph. There have been several researches to find the number of Hamiltonian cycles of a Hamilton graph. As the number of vertices and edges grow, it becomes very difficult to keep track of all the different ways through which the vertices are connected. Hence, analysis of large graphs can be efficiently done with the assistance of a computer system that interprets graphs as matrices...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816608/arthroscopic-decompression-with-indigo-carmine-for-treating-paralabral-cysts-in-the-shoulder
#9
Y Kabuto, T Morihara, R Furukawa, Y Kida, T Sukenari, O Onishi, M Minami, Y Arai, H Fujiwara, T Kubo
Paralabral cysts in the shoulder are a relatively rare pathology. It is sometimes difficult to detect the location of a paralabral cyst in the shoulder using arthroscopy, and it can be difficult to confirm sufficient decompression by arthroscopy. We describe the case of a 64-year-old woman who underwent arthroscopic decompression for a paralabral cyst in the shoulder. Indigo carmine was injected into the cyst under ultrasonography guidance just before the operation. The leakage point of indigo carmine was detected using arthroscopy...
December 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799425/raman-spectroscopic-analysis-of-an-important-visigothic-historiated-manuscript
#10
Elizabeth A Carter, Fernando Rull Perez, Jesús Medina Garcia, Howell G M Edwards
Raman spectroscopy has been used to study fragments of early Visigothic historiated manuscripts from the important mediaeval library at Santo Domingo de Silos which were a part of a Beato dating from the tenth to the mid-eleventh centuries. These fragments are from some of the oldest manuscripts in the scriptorium of the monastery. In this study, a comparison is made between the pigments and inks used on these manuscripts and those used in a previous study of the unique Visigothic Beato de Valcavado in Santa Cruz, Valladolid, completed in the year 970, which is noted for its quality of execution as well as its content and is remarkable eschatologically in being identifiable as the complete work of only a single scribe...
December 13, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776260/studies-on-the-efficient-dual-performance-of-mn1-xnixfe2o4-spinel-nanoparticles-in-photodegradation-and-antibacterial-activity
#11
S K Jesudoss, J Judith Vijaya, L John Kennedy, P Iyyappa Rajan, Hamad A Al-Lohedan, R Jothi Ramalingam, K Kaviyarasu, M Bououdina
The present work describes the successful synthesize of spinel magnetic ferrite Mn1-xNixFe2O4 (x=0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 & 0.5) nanoparticles via a simple microwave combustion method which was then evaluated for its photocatalytic activity in the degradation of indigo carmine (IC) synthetic dye, a major water pollutant. Our results reveal that the synthesized of Ni(2+) doped MnFe2O4 nanoparticles possess well-crystalline pure cubic spinel phase, exhibit excellent optical and magnetic properties. Further, the photocatalytic performance of the synthesized nanoparticles at different concentration ratios of Ni(2+) ions was monitored by photocatalytic degradation of indigo carmine synthetic dye under UV (λ=365nm) light irradiation...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768190/development-and-technical-validation-of-the-mobile-based-assistive-listening-system-a-smartphone-based-remote-microphone
#12
Esteban Alejandro Lopez, Orozimbo Alves Costa, Deborah Viviane Ferrari
Purpose: The purpose of this research note is to describe the development and technical validation of the Mobile Based Assistive Listening System (MoBALS), a free-of-charge smartphone-based remote microphone application. Method: MoBALS Version 1.0 was developed for Android (Version 2.1 or higher) and was coded with Java using Eclipse Indigo with the Android Software Development Kit. A Wi-Fi router with background traffic and 2 affordable smartphones were used for debugging and technical validation comprising, among other things, multicasting capability, data packet loss, and battery consumption...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757710/the-role-of-natural-indigo-dye-in-alleviation-of-genotoxicity-of-sodium-dithionite-as-a-reducing-agent
#13
İdris Bektaş, Şengül Karaman, Emel Dıraz, Mustafa Çelik
Indigo blue is a natural dye used for thousands of years by civilizations to dye fabric blue and it is naturally obtained from Isatis tinctoria. I. tinctoria is not only used for extraction of indigo blue color but also used medicinally in Traditional Chinese Medicine because of its active compounds. Sodium dithionite (Na2S2O4) is used in dye bath for indigo blue extraction, but this reducing agent and its derivatives are major pollutants of textile industry and subsequently have hazardous influences on public health...
December 2016: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747350/cis-conformation-of-indigo-in-the-coordination-complex-indigo-o-o-cp-cr-ii-cl
#14
Dmitri V Konarev, Salavat S Khasanov, Aleksey V Kuzmin, Alexander F Shestakov, Akihiro Otsuka, Hideki Yamochi, Gunzi Saito, Rimma N Lyubovskaya
The interaction of decamethylchromocene (Cp*2Cr) with indigo in the presence of a Cl(-) source yields the coordination complex (indigo-O,O)(Cp*Cr(II)Cl) (1) in which one Cp* ligand at chromium is substituted by indigo. Indigo adopts an unusual cis-conformation in 1, allowing the coordination of both indigo carbonyl groups to one Cr(II) center. Complex 1 contains Cr(II) with an S = 1 spin state and indigo(0). At the same time, calculations show that an excited ionic state is positioned close to the neutral ground state, providing the appearance of intense low-energy NIR bands in the spectrum of 1 at 820 and 1002 nm attributed to metal-to-ligand charge transfer...
October 17, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723358/stepwise-bay-annulation-of-indigo-for-the-synthesis-of-desymmetrized-electron-acceptors-and-donor-acceptor-constructs
#15
Matthew A Kolaczkowski, Bo He, Yi Liu
A selective stepwise annulation of indigo has been demonstrated as a means of providing both monoannulated and differentially double-annulated indigo derivatives. Disparate substitution of the electron accepting bay-annulated indigo system allows for fine control over both the electronic properties as well as donor-acceptor structural architectures. Optical and electronic properties were characterized computationally as well as through UV-vis absorption spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. This straightforward method provides a modular approach for the design of indigo-based materials with tailored optoelectronic properties...
October 10, 2016: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682748/voiding-function-after-midurethral-slings-with-and-without-local-anesthetic-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Omar Felipe Dueñas-Garcia, Danielle Patterson, Maria De la Luz Nieto, Katherine Leung, Michael Kevin Flynn
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the effect of periurethral infiltration of bupivacaine versus normal saline on postoperative voiding function and pain in patients undergoing retropubic midurethral sling METHODS: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study was performed at the University of Massachusetts from March 2012 to June 2015. Ninety patients were randomized to receive 0.5% bupivacaine with epinephrine or normal saline with epinephrine solution for periurethral hydrodissection...
September 26, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678882/the-use-of-alternative-agents-to-indigo-carmine-during-cystoscopic-evaluation-of-ureteral-patency
#17
A G Aguirre, S A Malik, A Rzepka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678609/cystoscopic-evaluation-of-ureteral-jets-alternatives-to-indigo-carmine
#18
K S Arnolds, L Espaillat-Rijo, M L Sprague, S E Zimberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668550/analytical-investigation-of-mud%C3%A3-jar-polychrome-on-the-carpentry-in-the-casa-de-pilatos-palace-in-seville-using-non-destructive-xrf-and-complementary-techniques
#19
M A Garrote, M D Robador, J L Perez-Rodriguez
The pigments, execution technique and repainting used on the polychrome wood ceilings and doors in the Casa de Pilatos (Seville, Spain) were studied using portable X-ray fluorescence equipment. Cross-sections of small samples were also analysed by optical microscopy, SEM with EDX analysis, micro-Raman and micro-infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. These carpentry works are magnificent examples of the Mudéjar art made in Spain in the early 16th century. Portable X-ray fluorescence gave good information on the different components of the polychrome...
September 20, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664579/comparison-of-times-to-ureteral-efflux-after-administration-of-sodium-fluorescein-and-phenazopyridine
#20
Seth A Cohen, Zaid Chaudhry, Janine L Oliver, Evgeniy I Kreydin, My-Linh T Nguyen, Steven A Mills, A Lenore Ackerman, Ja-Hong Kim, Christopher M Tarnay, Shlomo Raz
PURPOSE: There is currently a national shortage of indigo carmine. In efforts to identify the most efficient aid for visualizing ureteral efflux intraoperatively we investigated the time to excretion of phenazopyridine vs a newly identified alternative, sodium fluorescein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected data on a cohort of women who underwent pelvic reconstructive surgery in 2015. Per provider preference patterns a number of patients were administered 200 mg phenazopyridine orally with a sip of water 1 hour prior to the start of operative time...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Urology
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