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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920873/strengthening-mental-health-nurses-resilience-through-a-workplace-resilience-programme-a-qualitative-inquiry
#1
Kim Foster, Celeste Cuzzillo, Trentham Furness
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Mental health nurses are affected by interpersonal, practice-related and organizational factors that can increase workplace stress and reduce their physical and mental health and well-being. Resilience programmes are a strength-based preventative approach to supporting individuals to overcome workplace adversities. WHAT THE PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This qualitative inquiry is the first study to report mental health nurses' perspectives and experiences on a workplace resilience programme...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886306/a-network-analysis-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-functional-impairment-in-uk-treatment-seeking-veterans
#2
Jana Ross, Dominic Murphy, Cherie Armour
Network analysis is a relatively new methodology for studying psychological disorders. It focuses on the associations between individual symptoms which are hypothesized to mutually interact with each other. The current study represents the first network analysis conducted with treatment-seeking military veterans in UK. The study aimed to examine the network structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and four domains of functional impairment by identifying the most central (i.e., important) symptoms of PTSD and by identifying those symptoms of PTSD that are related to functional impairment...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877178/white-matter-network-alterations-in-patients-with-depersonalization-derealization-disorder
#3
Anika Sierk, Judith K Daniels, Antje Manthey, Jelmer G Kok, Alexander Leemans, Michael Gaebler, Jan-Peter Lamke, Johann Kruschwitz, Henrik Walter
BACKGROUND: Depersonalization/derealization disorder (DPD) is a chronic and distressing condition characterized by detachment from oneself and/or the external world. Neuroimaging studies have associated DPD with structural and functional alterations in a variety of distinct brain regions. Such local neuronal changes might be mediated by altered interregional white matter connections. However, to our knowledge, no research on network characteristics in this patient population exists to date...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868991/traditional-sex-and-gender-stereotypes-in-the-relationships-of-non-disclosing-behaviorally-bisexual-men
#4
Karolynn Siegel, Étienne Meunier
Traditional stereotypes about sex and gender present men as assertive, aggressive, sexually adventurous, and emotionally restrained, and women as docile, passive, sexually modest, and emotionally sensitive. Past research has shown that such stereotypes impose constraints on heterosexual relationships that decrease sexual satisfaction for men and women. This study examined the impact of traditional sex and gender stereotypes on a sample of 203 behaviorally bisexual men who were in a heterosexual relationship with a woman to whom they did not disclose their same-sex behaviors...
June 4, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866014/adverse-effects-of-antidepressants-reported-by-1-431-people-from-38-countries-emotional-blunting-suicidality-and-withdrawal-effects
#5
John Read, James Williams
BACKGROUND: Studies of the adverse effects of antidepressants tend to focus on biological symptoms. The prevalence of suicidality and withdrawal effects are currently a source of controversy. OBJECTIVE: To directly ascertain the experiences of an international sample of antidepressant users. METHOD: An online survey asked adult antidepressant users whether they had experienced 20 adverse effects 'as a result of taking the antidepressant', and if so, to what degree of severity...
June 4, 2018: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850776/moral-cognition-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-neuropsychological-study
#6
Sabrina Realmuto, Alessandra Dodich, Riccardo Meli, Nicola Canessa, Paolo Ragonese, Giuseppe Salemi, Chiara Cerami
Objectives: Recent literature proved that social cognition impairments may characterize the neuropsychological profile of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients. However, little is still known about moral cognition in MS. In this study, we evaluated non-social, social, and moral cognitive performances in 45 relapsing-remitting MS patients. Methods: Patients underwent the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis battery, the Cognitive Estimation and Stroop tasks, the Ekman-60 Faces test, the Reading the Mind in the Eye and Story-based Empathy task...
May 30, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804760/irish-women-s-experience-of-ectopic-pregnancy
#7
N Spillane, S Meaney, K O' Donoghue
OBJECTIVE: Ectopic pregnancy can become a life threatening condition. Due to the specific nature of Ectopic pregnancy the grief experienced may well be overlooked compared to other pregnancy losses. Fertility concerns for the future and recovery from surgical or medical treatment may instead become the focus of care. The objective of this study was to gain insight into women's experience of Ectopic pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative semi-structured interview format was utilised...
June 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800062/clinicians-perspectives-on-providing-emergency-only-hemodialysis-to-undocumented-immigrants-a-qualitative-study
#8
Lilia Cervantes, Sara Richardson, Rajeev Raghavan, Nova Hou, Romana Hasnain-Wynia, Matthew K Wynia, Catherine Kleiner, Michel Chonchol, Allison Tong
Background: In the United States, nearly half of undocumented immigrants with end-stage kidney disease receive hemodialysis only when they are evaluated in an emergency department and are found to have life-threatening renal failure ("emergency-only hemodialysis" [EOHD]). These patients experience psychosocial distress and much higher mortality than patients receiving regularly scheduled hemodialysis, but little is known about how providing EOHD affects the clinicians involved...
May 22, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778040/violence-against-child-protection-workers-a-study-of-workers-experiences-attributions-and-coping-strategies
#9
Josianne Lamothe, Amélie Couvrette, Gabrielle Lebrun, Gabrielle Yale, Camille Roy, Stéphane Guay, Steve Geoffrion
Child protection workers (CPWs) are frequently exposed to client violence, both psychological and physical, in their line of work whether they operate in the community or in residential settings. Despite this known vulnerability, research on the subject has lagged. The current study sought to analyze CPWs' experiences with client violence, their interpretation of it, its perceived consequences and their coping strategies. Specifically, 30 CPWs working both in the community and in residential settings, took part in an in-depth, semi-structured interview...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757086/bereavement-hallucinations-after-the-loss-of-a-spouse-associations-with-psychopathological-measures-personality-and-coping-style
#10
Karina Elisabeth Jensen, Maja O'Connor, Helle Spindler, Andrew Moskowitz
Bereavement hallucinations (BHs) were assessed in 175 conjugally bereaved participants four years post loss, to explore whether BHs were: a) associated with psychological distress and b) predicted by sociodemographic variables, personality and/or coping style. Participants with BHs scored significantly higher than those without BHs on prolonged grief, post-traumatic stress, depression symptoms, and emotional loneliness. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis showed avoidant coping, openness to experience, and length of marriage to significantly predict BHs, while detached coping was negatively associated with BHs...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756789/emotional-demands-and-alcohol-use-in-corrections-a-moderated-mediation-model
#11
Brittnie R Shepherd, Charlotte Fritz, Leslie B Hammer, Frankie Guros, David Meier
This study examined predictors of alcohol use (i.e., drinking quantity and frequency) in a sample of correctional officers (COs). More specifically, based on the idea of drinking to cope, we predicted an indirect effect of emotional demands at work on COs' drinking through employee burnout (i.e., exhaustion and disengagement). We further proposed that this indirect effect would be moderated by recovery experiences outside of work (i.e., psychological detachment and mastery). Participants were 1,039 COs from 14 state correctional facilities...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622015/empathy-is-proprioceptive-the-bodily-fundament-of-empathy-a-philosophical-contribution-to-medical-education
#12
Florian Schmidsberger, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: The current philosophical debate on empathy entails accounts of theory of mind and simulation as well as a phenomenological opposition. The first focuses on a detached observation of others from a 3rd person perspective and formulates the common claim that there is no direct access to the mental and emotional life of others, only simulation or analogy can grant access to the emotions and behaviour of others. The philosophical respectively phenomenological account of Fuchs instead opposes by focusing personal interaction within a 1st or 2nd person perspective claiming that the emotions of others are experienceable through bodily expression and bodily resonance...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620382/the-roles-of-age-and-attention-in-general-emotion-regulation-reappraisal-and-expressive-suppression
#13
Kimberly M Livingstone, Derek M Isaacowitz
Life span emotional development theories propose age differences in emotion regulation tendencies and abilities. Research on age-related positivity has identified age differences in attention to emotional content, which may support emotion regulation in older age. The current research examines the roles of age and attention under various emotion regulation instructions. We measured younger (N = 92) and older (N = 88) adults' fixation to negative emotional content and continuously rated affect during normal viewing and instructions to regulate...
May 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615905/four-weekly-ayahuasca-sessions-lead-to-increases-in-acceptance-capacities-a-comparison-study-with-a-standard-8-week-mindfulness-training-program
#14
Joaquim Soler, Matilde Elices, Elisabeth Dominguez-Clavé, Juan C Pascual, Amanda Feilding, Mayte Navarro-Gil, Javier García-Campayo, Jordi Riba
Background: The therapeutic effects of the Amazonian plant tea ayahuasca may relate to its ability to enhance mindfulness capacities. Ayahuasca induces a modified state of awareness through the combined action of its active principles: the psychedelic N,N- dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and a series of centrally acting β-carbolines, mainly harmine and tetrahydroharmine. To better understand the therapeutic potential of ayahuasca, here we compared the impact on mindfulness capacities induced by two independent interventions: (a) participation in four ayahuasca sessions without any specific purpose related to improving mindfulness capacities; and (b) participation in a standard mindfulness training course: 8 weeks mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), with the specific goal of improving these skills...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605169/burnout-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-paediatric-critical-care-personnel-prediction-from-resilience-and-coping-styles
#15
Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Alba Palacios, Jesús Alonso-Tapia, Elena Pérez, Elena Álvarez, Ana Coca, Santiago Mencía, Ana Marcos, Juan Mayordomo-Colunga, Francisco Fernández, Fernando Gómez, Jaime Cruz, Olga Ordóñez, Ana Llorente
INTRODUCTION: Our aims were (1) to explore the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BOS) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of Spanish staff working in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and compare these rates with a sample of general paediatric staff and (2) to explore how resilience, coping strategies, and professional and demographic variables influence BOS and PTSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a multicentre, cross-sectional study. Data were collected in the PICU and in other paediatric wards of nine hospitals...
March 28, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570678/convolutional-neural-network-based-classification-of-driver-s-emotion-during-aggressive-and-smooth-driving-using-multi-modal-camera-sensors
#16
Kwan Woo Lee, Hyo Sik Yoon, Jong Min Song, Kang Ryoung Park
Because aggressive driving often causes large-scale loss of life and property, techniques for advance detection of adverse driver emotional states have become important for the prevention of aggressive driving behaviors. Previous studies have primarily focused on systems for detecting aggressive driver emotion via smart-phone accelerometers and gyro-sensors, or they focused on methods of detecting physiological signals using electroencephalography (EEG) or electrocardiogram (ECG) sensors. Because EEG and ECG sensors cause discomfort to drivers and can be detached from the driver's body, it becomes difficult to focus on bio-signals to determine their emotional state...
March 23, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547934/developing-a-measure-to-assess-emotions-associated-with-never-being-deployed
#17
Rachel A Hoopsick, D Lynn Homish, Paul T Bartone, Gregory G Homish
Background: Much research has focused on stress related to deployments; however, a substantial proportion of soldiers never deploy. In a study of 1.3 million veterans, suicide risk was higher among veterans who had never deployed. Thus, not being deployed may have an impact on soldiers' well-being; however, no measures exist to assess emotions regarding non-deployment. We aimed to develop and test an original measure of non-deployment emotions. Methods: We examined the Non-Deployment Emotions (NDE) questionnaire, a novel four-item measure of guilt, unit value, unit camaraderie, and unit connectedness in a sample of never-deployed male and female US Army Reserve/National Guard (USAR/NG) soldiers (N = 174)...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528541/take-care-to-identify-apathy-in-idiopathic-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder
#18
EDITORIAL
E K St Louis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509257/the-gambling-disorder-family-styles-and-cognitive-dimensions
#19
D Paolini, C Leonardi, E Visani, G Rodofili
OBJECTIVE: In this study we present data from a research carried out on a population of people with gambling disorder (GD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This research investigated the representation of family styles for subjects with gambling disorder, using the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES-IV), their cognitive distortions through Gambling Related Cognitions Scale (GRCS-I), and the relation between these two dimensions. RESULTS: People with GD represent families with emotional detachment, while in the area of management of relational rules and roles, they reveal a perception of disorganization...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502509/psychometric-properties-of-the-dating-violence-questionnaire-reviewing-the-evidence-in-chilean-youths
#20
Laura Lara, Javier López-Cepero
The Dating Violence Questionnaire (DVQ) is a 42-item questionnaire that measures victimization in romantic relationships between young people, through eight interrelated scales assessing detachment, humiliation, coercion, emotional punishment, gender-based, sexual, physical, and instrumental violence. It has been validated in a myriad of countries and languages and is commonly used in Spanish-speaking countries; however, two scales (emotional punishment and instrumental violence) have shown reliability issues...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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