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Emotional detachment

Vedat Sar, Firdevs Alioğlu, Gamze Akyuz
Depersonalization (DEP) and derealization (DER) were examined among college students with and without borderline personality disorder (BPD) and/or dissociative disorders (DDs) by self-report and clinician assessment. The Steinberg Depersonalization and Derealization Questionnaires (SDEPQ and SDERQ), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and the screening tool of the BPD section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-BPD) were administered to 1301 students. Those with BPD (n = 80) according to the SCID-BPD and 111 non-BPD controls were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders (SCID-D) by a psychiatrist blind to the diagnosis...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Christina Prendergast, Erika Ketteler, Gregory Evans
A career as a plastic surgeon is both rewarding and challenging. The road to becoming a surgeon is a long arduous endeavor and can bring significant challenges not only to the surgeon but their family. A study by the American College of Surgeons (ACS) suggested that over 40% of surgeons experience burnout and a recent survey of American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) showed that more than one-fourth of plastic surgeons have signs of professional burnout. Burnout is a state of physical and mental exhaustion...
September 27, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
J Christopher Fowler, Michelle A Patriquin, Alok Madan, Jon G Allen, B Christopher Frueh, John M Oldham
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the incremental validity of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) beyond the impact of demographic, burden of illness, five-factor model of personality, and DSM-5 personality disorder criteria with respect to associations with admission psychiatric symptoms and functional disability. METHODS: Psychiatric inpatients (N = 927) were administered the Big Five Inventory, PID-5, and personality disorder criteria counts. Prior treatment utilization, as well as baseline depression, anxiety, emotion regulation, and functional disability were administered within two days of the personality measures...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Annabel O Franz, Tiffany M Harrop, David M McCord
This study aimed to examine the construct validity of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) interpersonal functioning scales (Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011 ) using as a criterion measure the Computerized Adaptive Test of Personality Disorder-Static Form (CAT-PD-SF; Simms et al., 2011 ). Participants were college students (n = 98) recruited through the university subject pool. A series of a priori hypotheses were developed for each of the 6 interpersonal functioning scales of the MMPI-2-RF, expressed as predicted correlations with construct-relevant CAT-PD-SF scales...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
Andrew A Bennett, Allison S Gabriel, Charles Calderwood, Jason J Dahling, John P Trougakos
Employees are exposed to a wide variety of job demands that deplete personal resources and necessitate recovery. In light of this need, research on work recovery has focused on how distinct recovery experiences during postwork time relate to employee well-being. However, investigators have largely tested the effects of these experiences in isolation, neglecting the possibility that profiles of recovery experiences may exist and influence the recovery process. The current set of studies adopted a person-centered approach using latent profile analysis to understand whether unique constellations of recovery experiences-psychological detachment, relaxation, mastery, control, and problem-solving pondering-emerged for 2 samples of full-time employees...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
Emily C Forscher, Yan Zheng, Zijun Ke, Jonathan Folstein, Wen Li
Emotion perception is known to involve multiple operations and waves of analysis, but specific nature of these processes remains poorly understood. Combining psychophysical testing and neurometric analysis of event-related potentials (ERPs) in a fear detection task with parametrically varied fear intensities (N=45), we sought to elucidate key processes in fear perception. Building on psychophysics marking fear perception thresholds, our neurometric model fitting identified several putative operations and stages: four key processes arose in sequence following face presentation - fear-neutral categorization (P1 at 100ms), fear detection (P300 at 320ms), valuation (early subcomponent of the late positive potential/LPP at 400-500ms) and conscious awareness (late subcomponent LPP at 500-600ms)...
August 18, 2016: Neuropsychologia
Ronald F Levant, Ryon C McDermott, Amber A Hewitt, Kathleen M Alto, Kyle T Harris
Confirmatory factor analysis of responses to the Male Role Norms Inventory-Adolescent-revised (MRNI-A-r) from 384 middle school students (163 boys, 221 girls) indicated that the best fit to the data was a bifactor model incorporating the hypothesized 3-factor structure while explicitly modeling an additional, general factor. Specifically, each item-level indicator loaded simultaneously on 2 factors: a general traditional masculinity ideology factor and a specific factor corresponding to 1 of the 3 hypothesized masculine norms for adolescents: Emotionally Detached Dominance, Toughness, and Avoidance of Femininity...
October 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Forough Rafii, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Zahra Sadat Dibaji Forooshani
INTRODUCTION: The professional satisfaction of staff is one of the most challenging organizational concepts that can enhance the efficiency level of organizations. In a similar vein, the professional satisfaction of nurses is of considerable importance, in that, professional dissatisfaction among nurses could result in emotional detachment, depression, anger, evasion from work, and inefficacy and would negatively impact the organization's work rate. The aim of this study was to understand Iranian nurses' experiences of the concept of professional satisfaction...
June 2016: Electronic Physician
Märit Badman, Marja Tullberg, Odd V Höglund, Ragnvi Hagman
Lack of confidence and self-efficacy are the main causes of negative emotions experienced by veterinary students when performing surgery. A surgical training model (STM) was developed to test the hypothesis that practical training on an STM before performing live surgery would enhance the students' confidence. In addition, low-cost and easily accessible materials were used for the construction. In the STM, neodymium magnets that were detached if too much traction was applied were used to ensure careful tissue handling during ligation of the ovarian pedicles and cervix...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Hayley Dewe, Derrick G Watson, Jason J Braithwaite
INTRODUCTION: Depersonalisation and derealisation disorders refer to feelings of detachment and dissociation from one's "self" or surroundings. A reduced sense of self (or "presence") and emotional "numbness" is thought to be mediated by aberrant emotional processing due to biases in self-referent multi-sensory integration. This emotional "numbing" is often accompanied by suppressed autonomic arousal to emotionally salient stimuli. METHODS: 118 participants completed the Cambridge Depersonalisation scale [Sierra, & Berrios, 2000...
July 28, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
Christian Gostečnik, Tanja Repič Slavič, Saša Poljak Lukek, Tanja Pate, Robert Cvetek
The relationship between partners and the analyst is considered the most basic means for healing in contemporary psychoanalytic theories and analyses. It also holds as one of the most fundamental phenomenon's of psychoanalysis, so it comes as no surprise that it has always been deliberated over as an object of great interest as well as immense controversy. This same relationship, mutually co-created by the analyst and each individual and partner in analysis, represents also the core of sanctity and sacred space in contemporary psychoanalysis...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Luke Austen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
N Camart, M Cotte, S Leignel, C Bouvet, F Limosin
AIM: Literature reports particularities in certain psychological dimensions, such as personality traits, early maladaptive schemas and attachment styles among patients dependent on alcohol. Several international studies have also emphasized significant gender differences in psychological profiles. However, in France, only a few studies have dealt with this subject. Our aim was on the one hand to study the characteristics of alcohol-dependent patients in these variables, and on the other hand to search for gender differences...
June 24, 2016: L'Encéphale
Dawn Goodwin, Laura Machin, Adam Taylor
Dissection has held a privileged position in medical education although the professional values it inculcates have been subject to intense debate. Claims vary from it generating a dehumanising level of emotional detachment, to promotion of rational and dispassionate decision-making, even to being a positive vehicle for ethical education. Social scientists have positioned dissection as a critical experience in the emotional socialisation of medical students. However, curricular revision has provoked debate about the style and quantity of anatomy teaching thus threatening this 'rite of passage' of medical students...
July 2016: Social Science & Medicine
David Daniel Ebert, Dirk Lehr, Elena Heber, Heleen Riper, Pim Cuijpers, Matthias Berking
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to evaluate the efficacy of an internet-based stress management intervention (iSMI) among employees compared to a 6-month waitlist control group (WLC) with full access to treatment-as-usual. METHOD: A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10 ≥22) was assigned to either the iSMI or WLC group. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions and one booster session including problem-solving and emotion regulation techniques...
September 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Kelly Underman, Laura E Hirshfield
Early works in medical sociology have been pivotal in the development of scholarly knowledge about emotions, emotional socialization, and empathy within medical training, medical education, and medical contexts. Yet despite major shifts in both medical education and in medicine writ-large, medical sociologists' focus on emotions has largely disappeared. In this paper, we argue that due to recent radical transformations in the medical arena, emotional socialization within medical education should be of renewed interest for sociologists...
July 2016: Social Science & Medicine
B Nardi, M G Martini, E Arimatea, M Vernice, C Bellantuono, H Frizzo, M Nardi, R Vincenzi
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between postpartum pain and personality considered as Personal Meaning Organization (PMO). Pain diseases, not related to organic disorders, frequently occur in postpartum and may lead to severe consequences for women and their functions of caregiving. Emotions are usually experienced in the body and their expression is strictly related to individual personality. Considering personality as a process, each symptom expresses a need to maintain the sense of oneness and historical continuity...
December 2015: Minerva Ginecologica
Jutta Maria Birkhoff, Cesare Garberi, Laura Re
The aim of this case report is to underline the importance of possible legal consequences of the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). This disease is associated with antisocial behavior, impulse control disorder and cognitive and personality impairment, which are often the earliest manifestations of the bvFTD. One of the antisocial behaviors possibly associated with this neurodegenerative disease is pathological stealing. This case report is about a 50-year-old Italian man who had a regular life until 2010...
July 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Ian A Rodrigues, Sara M Sprinkhuizen, Daniel Barthelmes, Mark Blumenkranz, Gemmy Cheung, Julia Haller, Robert Johnston, Ramasamy Kim, Caroline Klaver, Martin McKibbin, Nor Fariza Ngah, Suzann Pershing, Dato Shankar, Hiroshi Tamura, Adnan Tufail, Christina Y Weng, Inger Westborg, Catherine Yelf, Nagahisa Yoshimura, Mark C Gillies
PURPOSE: To define a minimum set of outcome measures for tracking, comparing, and improving macular degeneration care. DESIGN: Recommendations from a working group of international experts in macular degeneration outcomes registry development and patient advocates, facilitated by the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM). METHODS: Modified Delphi technique, supported by structured teleconferences, followed by online surveys to drive consensus decisions...
August 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Roger T Mulder, John Horwood, Peter Tyrer, Janet Carter, Peter R Joyce
AIM: The ICD-11 Personality Disorders Committee has proposed five personality domains: Detached, Anankastic, Negative Affective, Dissocial and Disinhibited. We attempted to validate these proposed domains in a large sample of patients with major depression. METHODS: Participants from five treatment studies received a SCID assessment interview to assess DSM-5 personality disorder symptoms. Personality disorder symptoms were assigned to the five proposed domains. Confirmatory factor analysis in an exploratory framework was used to test the hypothesized domain structure...
May 2016: Personality and Mental Health
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