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Emotional detachment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622015/empathy-is-proprioceptive-the-bodily-fundament-of-empathy-a-philosophical-contribution-to-medical-education
#1
Florian Schmidsberger, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: The current philosophical debate on empathy entails accounts of theory of mind and simulation as well as a phenomenological opposition. The first focuses on a detached observation of others from a 3rd person perspective and formulates the common claim that there is no direct access to the mental and emotional life of others, only simulation or analogy can grant access to the emotions and behaviour of others. The philosophical respectively phenomenological account of Fuchs instead opposes by focusing personal interaction within a 1st or 2nd person perspective claiming that the emotions of others are experienceable through bodily expression and bodily resonance...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620382/the-roles-of-age-and-attention-in-general-emotion-regulation-reappraisal-and-expressive-suppression
#2
Kimberly M Livingstone, Derek M Isaacowitz
Life span emotional development theories propose age differences in emotion regulation tendencies and abilities. Research on age-related positivity has identified age differences in attention to emotional content, which may support emotion regulation in older age. The current research examines the roles of age and attention under various emotion regulation instructions. We measured younger (N = 92) and older (N = 88) adults' fixation to negative emotional content and continuously rated affect during normal viewing and instructions to regulate...
April 5, 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615905/four-weekly-ayahuasca-sessions-lead-to-increases-in-acceptance-capacities-a-comparison-study-with-a-standard-8-week-mindfulness-training-program
#3
Joaquim Soler, Matilde Elices, Elisabeth Dominguez-Clavé, Juan C Pascual, Amanda Feilding, Mayte Navarro-Gil, Javier García-Campayo, Jordi Riba
Background: The therapeutic effects of the Amazonian plant tea ayahuasca may relate to its ability to enhance mindfulness capacities. Ayahuasca induces a modified state of awareness through the combined action of its active principles: the psychedelic N,N- dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and a series of centrally acting β-carbolines, mainly harmine and tetrahydroharmine. To better understand the therapeutic potential of ayahuasca, here we compared the impact on mindfulness capacities induced by two independent interventions: (a) participation in four ayahuasca sessions without any specific purpose related to improving mindfulness capacities; and (b) participation in a standard mindfulness training course: 8 weeks mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), with the specific goal of improving these skills...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605169/burnout-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-paediatric-critical-care-personnel-prediction-from-resilience-and-coping-styles
#4
Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Alba Palacios, Jesús Alonso-Tapia, Elena Pérez, Elena Álvarez, Ana Coca, Santiago Mencía, Ana Marcos, Juan Mayordomo-Colunga, Francisco Fernández, Fernando Gómez, Jaime Cruz, Olga Ordóñez, Ana Llorente
INTRODUCTION: Our aims were (1) to explore the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BOS) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of Spanish staff working in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and compare these rates with a sample of general paediatric staff and (2) to explore how resilience, coping strategies, and professional and demographic variables influence BOS and PTSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a multicentre, cross-sectional study. Data were collected in the PICU and in other paediatric wards of nine hospitals...
March 28, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570678/convolutional-neural-network-based-classification-of-driver-s-emotion-during-aggressive-and-smooth-driving-using-multi-modal-camera-sensors
#5
Kwan Woo Lee, Hyo Sik Yoon, Jong Min Song, Kang Ryoung Park
Because aggressive driving often causes large-scale loss of life and property, techniques for advance detection of adverse driver emotional states have become important for the prevention of aggressive driving behaviors. Previous studies have primarily focused on systems for detecting aggressive driver emotion via smart-phone accelerometers and gyro-sensors, or they focused on methods of detecting physiological signals using electroencephalography (EEG) or electrocardiogram (ECG) sensors. Because EEG and ECG sensors cause discomfort to drivers and can be detached from the driver's body, it becomes difficult to focus on bio-signals to determine their emotional state...
March 23, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547934/developing-a-measure-to-assess-emotions-associated-with-never-being-deployed
#6
Rachel A Hoopsick, D Lynn Homish, Paul T Bartone, Gregory G Homish
Background: Much research has focused on stress related to deployments; however, a substantial proportion of soldiers never deploy. In a study of 1.3 million veterans, suicide risk was higher among veterans who had never deployed. Thus, not being deployed may have an impact on soldiers' well-being; however, no measures exist to assess emotions regarding non-deployment. We aimed to develop and test an original measure of non-deployment emotions. Methods: We examined the Non-Deployment Emotions (NDE) questionnaire, a novel four-item measure of guilt, unit value, unit camaraderie, and unit connectedness in a sample of never-deployed male and female US Army Reserve/National Guard (USAR/NG) soldiers (N = 174)...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528541/take-care-to-identify-apathy-in-idiopathic-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder
#7
Erik K St Louis
Apathy has been recently recognized as a distinct neuropsychological syndrome, overlapping with but also separable from mood disorders and cognitive impairment. While it is perhaps seen most often as a cardinal feature of depression as an amotivational symptom, it may occur independently in isolation without other prominent mood, vegetative, or cognitive symptoms or signs. The etymology of apathy is derived from the Greek "pathos" (passion), so apathy may be considered to be an amotivational state, i...
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509257/the-gambling-disorder-family-styles-and-cognitive-dimensions
#8
D Paolini, C Leonardi, E Visani, G Rodofili
OBJECTIVE: In this study we present data from a research carried out on a population of people with gambling disorder (GD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This research investigated the representation of family styles for subjects with gambling disorder, using the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES-IV), their cognitive distortions through Gambling Related Cognitions Scale (GRCS-I), and the relation between these two dimensions. RESULTS: People with GD represent families with emotional detachment, while in the area of management of relational rules and roles, they reveal a perception of disorganization...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502509/psychometric-properties-of-the-dating-violence-questionnaire-reviewing-the-evidence-in-chilean-youths
#9
Laura Lara, Javier López-Cepero
The Dating Violence Questionnaire (DVQ) is a 42-item questionnaire that measures victimization in romantic relationships between young people, through eight interrelated scales assessing detachment, humiliation, coercion, emotional punishment, gender-based, sexual, physical, and instrumental violence. It has been validated in a myriad of countries and languages and is commonly used in Spanish-speaking countries; however, two scales (emotional punishment and instrumental violence) have shown reliability issues...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485520/detach-yourself-the-positive-effect-of-psychological-detachment-on-patient-safety-in-long-term-care
#10
Martina Buljac-Samardžić, Connie Dekker-van Doorn, Jeroen Van Wijngaarden
OBJECTIVES: Delivering health care is emotionally demanding. Emotional competencies that enable caregivers to identify and handle emotions may be important to deliver safe care, as it improves resilience and enables caregivers to make better decisions. A relevant emotional competence could be psychological detachment, which refers to the ability to psychologically detach from work and patients in off-duty hours. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between psychological detachment and patient safety...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465105/communicating-with-a-human-voice-developing-a-relational-model-of-empathy
#11
D Jeffrey
The medical profession has adopted a cognitive model of empathy, or detached concern, in its professionalism and practice. As a consequence there is now an empathy gap which has been demonstrated by lapses in patient care in the UK. There may also be an empathy gap developing in medical students during their training. This paper argues for the adoption of a relational view of empathy which embraces emotional and moral dimensions of the concept, acknowledges the importance of the clinical context and prioritises the relationship between the doctor and patient...
September 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462404/vmpfc-activation-during-a-stressor-predicts-positive-emotions-during-stress-recovery
#12
Xi Yang, Katelyn Garcia, Youngkyoo Jung, Christopher T Whitlow, Kateri McRae, Christian E Waugh
Despite accruing evidence showing that positive emotions facilitate stress recovery, the neural basis for this effect remains unclear. To identify the underlying mechanism, we compared stress recovery for people reflecting on a stressor while in a positive emotional context with that for people in a neutral context. While BOLD data were being collected, participants (N = 43) performed a stressful anagram task, which was followed by a recovery period during which they reflected on the stressor while watching a positive or neutral video...
February 16, 2018: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461135/teamwork-and-adherence-to-recommendations-explain-the-effect-of-a-care-pathway-on-reduced-30-day-readmission-for-patients-with-a-copd-exacerbation
#13
Deborah Seys, Luk Bruyneel, Walter Sermeus, Cathy Lodewijckx, Marc Decramer, Svin Deneckere, Massimiliano Panella, Kris Vanhaecht
This study aimed to increase our understanding of processes that underlie the effect of care pathway implementation on reduced 30-day readmission rate. Adherence to evidence-based recommendations, teamwork and burnout have previously been identified as potential mechanisms in this association. We conducted a secondary data analysis of 257 patients admitted with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation and 284 team members caring for these patients in 19 Belgian, Italian and Portuguese hospitals. Clinical measures included 30-day readmission and adherence to a specific set of five care activities...
February 20, 2018: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413533/anatomy-of-the-dorsal-default-mode-network-in-conduct-disorder-association-with-callous-unemotional-traits
#14
Arjun Sethi, Sagari Sarkar, Flavio Dell'Acqua, Essi Viding, Marco Catani, Declan G M Murphy, Michael C Craig
We recently reported that emotional detachment in adult psychopathy was associated with structural abnormalities in the dorsal 'default-mode' network (DMN). However, it is unclear whether these differences are present in young people at risk of psychopathy. The most widely recognised group at risk for psychopathy are children/adolescents with conduct disorder (CD) and callous-unemotional (CU) traits. We therefore examined the microstructure of the dorsal DMN in 27 CD youths (14-with/13-without CU traits) compared to 16 typically developing controls using DTI tractography...
January 27, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396860/trapped-like-a-butterfly-in-a-spider-s-web-experiences-of-female-spousal-caregivers-in-the-care-of-husbands-with-severe-mental-illness
#15
Hossein Ebrahimi, Naeimeh Seyedfatemi, Hossein Namdar Areshtanab, Fatemeh Ranjbar, Bill Whitehead, Farnaz Rahman
BACKGROUND: Family involvement in the care of patients with chronic illness is essential to provide a backbone of support for them. However, little is known about how female spousal caregivers are confronted with challenges while taking care of their husbands with severe mental illness. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the experiences of female spousal caregivers in the care of husbands with severe mental illness. DESIGN: An exploratory qualitative study...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361924/healthy-offshore-workforce-a-qualitative-study-on-offshore-wind-employees-occupational-strain-health-and-coping
#16
Janika Mette, Marcial Velasco Garrido, Volker Harth, Alexandra M Preisser, Stefanie Mache
BACKGROUND: Offshore work has been described as demanding and stressful. Despite this, evidence regarding the occupational strain, health, and coping behaviors of workers in the growing offshore wind industry in Germany is still limited. The purpose of our study was to explore offshore wind employees' perceptions of occupational strain and health, and to investigate their strategies for dealing with the demands of offshore work. METHODS: We conducted 21 semi-structured telephone interviews with employees in the German offshore wind industry...
January 23, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324826/facial-responsiveness-of-psychopaths-to-the-emotional-expressions-of-others
#17
Janina Künecke, Andreas Mokros, Sally Olderbak, Oliver Wilhelm
Psychopathic individuals show selfish, manipulative, and antisocial behavior in addition to emotional detachment and reduced empathy. Their empathic deficits are thought to be associated with a reduced responsiveness to emotional stimuli. Immediate facial muscle responses to the emotional expressions of others reflect the expressive part of emotional responsiveness and are positively related to trait empathy. Empirical evidence for reduced facial muscle responses in adult psychopathic individuals to the emotional expressions of others is rare...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321971/processing-and-regulation-of-negative-emotions-in-anorexia-nervosa-an-fmri-study
#18
Maria Seidel, Joseph A King, Franziska Ritschel, Ilka Boehm, Daniel Geisler, Fabio Bernardoni, Matthias Beck, Sophie Pauligk, Ronald Biemann, Alexander Strobel, Thomas Goschke, Henrik Walter, Veit Roessner, Stefan Ehrlich
Theoretical models and recent advances in the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN) have increasingly focused on the role of alterations in the processing and regulation of emotions. To date, however, our understanding of these changes is still limited and reports of emotional dysregulation in AN have been based largely on self-report data, and there is a relative lack of objective experimental evidence or neurobiological data. The current functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study investigated the hemodynamic correlates of passive viewing and voluntary downregulation of negative emotions by means of the reappraisal strategy detachment in AN patients...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294985/predictors-of-ptsd-treatment-response-trajectories-in-a-sample-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-survivors-the-roles-of-social-support-coping-and-ptsd-symptom-clusters
#19
Shelley Fletcher, Ask Elklit, Mark Shevlin, Cherie Armour
This study aimed to (a) identify posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) trajectories in a sample of Danish treatment-seeking childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors and (b) examine the roles of social support, coping style, and individual PTSD symptom clusters (avoidance, reexperiencing, and hyperarousal) as predictors of the identified trajectories. We utilized a convenience sample of 439 CSA survivors attending personalized psychotherapy treatment in Denmark. Four assessments were conducted on a six monthly basis over a period of 18 months...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191761/dsm-5-personality-trait-domains-and-withdrawal-versus-approach-motivational-tendencies-in-response-to-the-perception-of-other-people-s-desperation-and-angry-aggression
#20
Ilona Papousek, Nilüfer Aydin, Christian Rominger, Kurt Feyaerts, Karin Schmid-Zalaudek, Helmut K Lackner, Andreas Fink, Günter Schulter, Elisabeth M Weiss
Expressions of affect communicate social messages, which trigger approach and withdrawal/avoidance motivational tendencies in the observer. The present study investigated relationships between inter-individual differences in the motivational responses to other people's affect expressions and DSM-5 personality trait domains. State-dependent, transient EEG alpha asymmetry responses provided indicators of the relative activation of withdrawal versus approach motivation in the respective social-emotional contexts...
February 2018: Biological Psychology
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