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Acute cardiac care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438177/eeg-factors-after-pediatric-cardiac-arrest
#1
Nicholas S Abend, Douglas J Wiebe, Rui Xiao, Shavonne L Massey, Mark Fitzgerald, France Fung, Alexis A Topjian
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine whether conventional standardized EEG features could be consolidated into a more limited number of factors and whether the derived factor scores changed during the acute period after pediatric cardiac arrest. METHODS: Children resuscitated after cardiac arrest underwent conventional continuous EEG monitoring. The EEG was scored in 12-hour epochs for up to 72-hours after return of circulation by an electroencephalographer using standardized critical care EEG terminology...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437639/soluble-gpvi-is-elevated-in-injured-patients-shedding-is-mediated-by-fibrin-activation-of-gpvi
#2
Samantha J Montague, Céline Delierneux, Christelle Lecut, Nathalie Layios, Robert J Dinsdale, Christine S-M Lee, Natalie S Poulter, Robert K Andrews, Peter Hampson, Christopher M Wearn, Nathalie Maes, Jonathan Bishop, Amy Bamford, Chris Gardiner, Woei Ming Lee, Tariq Iqbal, Naiem Moiemen, Steve P Watson, Cécile Oury, Paul Harrison, Elizabeth E Gardiner
Soluble glycoprotein VI (sGPVI) is shed from the platelet surface and is a marker of platelet activation in thrombotic conditions. We assessed sGPVI levels together with patient and clinical parameters in acute and chronic inflammatory conditions, including patients with thermal injury and inflammatory bowel disease and patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for elective cardiac surgery, trauma, acute brain injury, or prolonged ventilation. Plasma sGPVI was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and was elevated on day 14 after thermal injury, and was higher in patients who developed sepsis...
February 13, 2018: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436192/effects-of-physician-volume-on-readmission-and-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-heart-failure-nationwide-cohort-study
#3
Joo Eun Lee, Eun Cheol Park, Suk Yong Jang, Sang Ah Lee, Yoon Soo Choy, Tae Hyun Kim
PURPOSE: Readmission and mortality rates of patients with heart failure are good indicators of care quality. To determine whether hospital resources are associated with care quality for cardiac patients, we analyzed the effect of number of physicians and the combined effects of number of physicians and beds on 30-day readmission and 1-year mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used national cohort sample data of the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) claims in 2002-2013...
March 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434124/the-usefulness-and-limitations-of-point-of-care-cardiac-troponin-measurement-in-the-emergency-department
#4
Kenichiro Suzuki, Kimiaki Komukai, Kotaro Nakata, Renshi Kan, Yuhei Oi, Eri Muto, Yusuke Kashiwagi, Mitsutoshi Tominaga, Satoru Miyanaga, Tetsuya Ishikawa, Kenji Okuno, Masahiko Uzura, Michihiro Yoshimura
Objective This study was carried out to examine the usefulness of point-of-care (POC) cardiac troponin in diagnosing acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and to understand the limitations of a POC cardiac troponin I/T-based diagnoses. Methods Patients whose cardiac troponin levels were measured in the emergency department using a POC system (AQT System; Radiometer, Tokyo, Japan) between January and December 2016 were retrospectively examined (N=1449). Patients who were < 20 years of age or who were admitted with cardiopulmonary arrest were excluded...
February 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433878/the-effect-of-resident-involvement-on-bariatric-surgical-outcomes-an-acs-nsqip-analysis
#5
Ivy N Haskins, Jihad Kudsi, Kathleen Hayes, Richard L Amdur, Paul P Lin, Khashayar Vaziri
BACKGROUND: Surgical residency training programs in the United States are modeled on the principle of graduated responsibility. Residents are given greater responsibility and autonomy in the operating room and during perioperative care as they gain surgical skills and progress through their training. The impact of this method of surgical training on patient outcomes remains unknown. The purpose of this study is to compare early patient morbidity and mortality after bariatric surgery in cases with and without resident participation using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433478/case-report-of-severe-myocarditis-in-an-immunocompromised-child-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection
#6
Hiroki Miura, Fumihiko Hattori, Hidetoshi Uchida, Tadayoshi Hata, Kazuko Kudo, Masatoki Sato, Tetsushi Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is common and may be severe among patients with preexisting cardiac anomalies, but direct involvement of myocardial damage is not common in those patients. Additionally, myocardial involvement has been rarely described among immune compromised children. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4-year-old girl with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who received maintenance chemotherapy in an outpatient clinic developed systemic inflammatory response syndrome...
February 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428590/quantitative-and-ultrasensitive-detection-of-multiplex-cardiac-biomarkers-in-lateral-flow-assay-with-core-shell-sers-nanotags
#7
Di Zhang, Li Huang, Bing Liu, Haibin Ni, Liangdong Sun, Enben Su, Hongyuan Chen, Zhongze Gu, Xiangwei Zhao
Rapid and sensitive quantification of multiplex proteins in a wide concentration range is challenging in high throughput analysis. Herein, we proposed a lateral flow assay (LFA) based on core-shell surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanotags for multiplex and quantitative detection of cardiac biomarkers for the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In practice, Raman dyes (RDs) were embedded into the interior-gap of silver core and gold shell nanoparticles (NPs) to form SERS nanotags as labels instead of gold colloids and three test lines were employed in the strip for the detection of three cardiac biomarkers, Myo, cTnI, and CK-MB, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428052/heart-score-and-stress-test-emergency-department-bayesian-decision-scheme-results-from-the-acute-care-diagnostic-collaboration
#8
Naureen Farook, L Cochon, A D Bode, B P Langer, A A Baez
BACKGROUND: Accurate identification of patients at risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) places a substantial burden on emergency physicians (EPs). Bayesian nomogram for risk stratification in low- to intermediate-risk cardiovascular patients has not been investigated previously. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a comparative diagnostic model using Bayesian statistics for exercise treadmill test (ETT) and stress echocardiogram (ECHO) to calculate post-test diagnostic risk of MACE using HEART (history, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors, and troponin) risk score as predictor of pretest probability...
February 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422951/impact-of-regionalisation-of-a-national-rheumatic-heart-disease-registry-the-ugandan-experience
#9
Emmy Okello, Chris T Longenecker, Amy Scheel, Twalib Aliku, Joselyn Rwebembera, Grace Mirembe, Craig Sable, Peter Lwabi, Andrea Beaton
Objectives: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) remains a major driver of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in low-resource settings. Registry-based care for RHD has been advocated as a powerful tool to improve clinical care and track quality metrics. Data collected through an RHD registry may also reveal epidemiological and geospatial trends, as well as insight into care utilisation. Uganda established a central RHD registry at the country's only tertiary cardiac centre in 2010. In 2014 RHD care and registry enrolment expanded to the Western region and in 2015 to the North...
2018: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422279/comparison-of-in-hospital-outcomes-between-transcatheter-and-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-with-aortic-valve-stenosis-a-retrospective-cohort-study-using-administrative-data
#10
Takeshi Umegaki, Susumu Kunisawa, Yasufumi Nakajima, Takahiko Kamibayashi, Kiyohide Fushimi, Yuichi Imanaka
OBJECTIVE: The number of surgeries for valvular heart disease performed in Japan has greatly increased over the past decade, and surgical aortic valve replacements (SAVR) constitute the vast majority of aortic valve replacement procedures. Although transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was recently introduced, studies have yet to compare the clinical outcomes between TAVI and SAVR in the Japanese healthcare setting. This study aimed to compare in-hospital outcomes between TAVI and SAVR using a multicenter administrative database...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420956/performance-of-coronary-risk-scores-among%C3%A2-patients-with-chest-pain-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Dustin G Mark, Jie Huang, Uli Chettipally, Mamata V Kene, Megan L Anderson, Erik P Hess, Dustin W Ballard, David R Vinson, Mary E Reed
BACKGROUND: Both the modified History, Electrocardiogram, Age, Risk factors and Troponin (HEART) score and the Emergency Department Assessment of Chest pain Score (EDACS) can identify patients with possible acute coronary syndrome (ACS) at low risk (<1%) for major adverse cardiac events (MACE). OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to assess the comparative accuracy of the EDACS (original and simplified) and modified HEART risk scores when using cardiac troponin I (cTnI) cutoffs below the 99th percentile, and obtain precise MACE risk estimates...
February 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420730/clinical-differences-between-men-and-women-undergoing-surgery-for-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection
#12
Tomoaki Suzuki, Tohru Asai, Takeshi Kinoshita
OBJECTIVES: The differences in clinical features, surgical outcome and long-term prognosis between men and women who undergo surgery for Type A aortic dissection are not well known. METHODS: From January 2004 to December 2016, 303 patients, consisting of 147 women and 156 men, underwent surgery for acute Type A aortic dissection at our institution. We compared clinical outcomes between the 2 cohorts. RESULTS: Women were older than men (72...
February 6, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419523/association-between-the-mode-of-transport-and-in-hospital-medical-complications-in-trauma-patients-findings-from-a-level-i-trauma-center-in-saudi-arabia
#13
Nawfal Aljerian, Saleh Alhaidar, Ali Alothman, Wijdan AlJohi, Faisal Abdullah Albaqami, Suliman Abdullah Alghnam
BACKGROUND: In Saudi Arabia, injury is the leading cause of death. Even if nonfatal, the impact of injuries on population health is enormous, as thousands of young patients suffer permanent disabilities every year. Unlike in developed countries, private transportation (PT) is a common means to transport trauma patients. Outcome differences between patients transported via PT relative to emergency medical services (EMS) has not been previously explored. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between transportation mode and in-hospital complications among trauma patients...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417223/relationship-between-blood-urea-nitrogen-to-creatinine-ratio-at-hospital-admission-and-long-term-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-decompensated-heart-failure
#14
Azusa Murata, Takatoshi Kasai, Yuya Matsue, Hiroki Matsumoto, Shoichiro Yatsu, Takao Kato, Shoko Suda, Masaru Hiki, Atsutoshi Takagi, Hiroyuki Daida
Although elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN)-to-creatinine (BUN/Cr) ratio at hospital admission has been reported to be associated with poor short-term prognosis, its association to long-term mortality in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) remains to be elucidated. Moreover, an additive prognostic value to preexisting renal markers including creatinine and BUN has not been well described. A cohort of 557 consecutive ADHF patients admitted to the cardiac intensive care unit was studied. All cohorts were divided into high and low BUN/Cr ratios according to the median value of BUN/Cr ratio at admission...
February 7, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416466/exacerbation-of-chronic-pain-after-dental-extractions-in-a-patient-with-post-treatment-lyme-disease-syndrome
#15
Stephanie Lim, Sakura Kinjo
A subset of patients who had Lyme disease experience postinfectious signs or symptoms called post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS). PTLDS is a chronic condition including pain in joints and muscles, neurological symptoms including demyelinating diseases, peripheral neuropathy, headaches, sleep disturbances, fatigue, and cardiac conditions. We report a case of difficult acute pain management in a patient with PTLDS who underwent dental extractions and required admission to an intensive care unit for pain control...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414095/cardiac-troponin-t-capture-and-detection-in-real-time-via-epitope-imprinted-polymer-and-optical-biosensing
#16
P Palladino, M Minunni, S Scarano
Millions of premature deaths per year from cardiovascular diseases represent a global threat urging governments to increase global initiatives, as advised by World Health Organization. In particular, together with prevention and management of risk factors, the development of portable platforms for early diagnosis of cardiovascular disorders appears a fundamental task to carry out. Contemporary assays demonstrated very good accuracy for diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but they are based on expensive and fragile capture antibodies...
February 1, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410284/coronary-angiographic-findings-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-sudden-cardiac-arrest-without-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-swedeheart-study
#17
Axel Wester, Moman A Mohammad, Pontus Andell, Rebecca Rylance, Josef Dankiewicz, Hans Friberg, Stefan James, Elmir Omerovic, David Erlinge, Sasha Koul
BACKGROUND/AIM: Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) has a substantial mortality rate and the acute coronary syndrome constitutes the major cause. Post-resuscitation electrocardiogram ST-elevation SCA (STE-SCA) is a strong indication for emergency coronary angiography, but the role of early angiography and PCI in patients without ST-elevation (NSTE-SCA) remains to be established. This paper aimed to describe this patient group and evaluate the prognostic effect of early PCI in a large nationwide cohort of NSTE-SCA patients undergoing coronary angiography...
February 1, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409448/an-exploration-of-the-subjective-social-status-construct-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#18
Karen L Tang, Louise Pilote, Hassan Behlouli, Jenny Godley, William A Ghali
BACKGROUND: Perception of low subjective social status (SSS) relative to others in society or in the community has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Our objectives were to determine whether low SSS in society was associated with barriers to access to care or hospital readmission in patients with established cardiovascular disease, and whether perceptions of discordantly high SSS in the community modified this association. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study from 2009 to 2013 in Canada, United States, and Switzerland in patients admitted to hospital with acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...
February 6, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408802/analysis-of-volatile-organic-compounds-an-innovative-approach-to-heart-failure-characterization-in-older-patients
#19
P Finamore, C Pedone, D Lelli, L Costanzo, I Rossi Bartoli, A De Vincentis, S Grasso, F Romana Parente, G Pennazza, M Santonico, R Antonelli Incalzi
BACKGROUND: Analysis of exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs) may be applied for diagnostic purposes in some chronic diseases, but there are no data on their role for discriminating people with congestive heart failure (CHF), particularly in older patients where natriuretic peptides have lower accuracy. We evaluated whether VOCs analysis can discriminate patients with or without CHF, stratify CHF severity and predict the response to therapy of decompensated CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited 89 subjects admitted to an acute care ward with acutely decompensated CHF, 117 healthy controls and 103 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) controls...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407010/where-you-live-in-nova-scotia-can-significantly-impact-your-access-to-lifesaving-cardiac-care-access-to-invasive-care-influences-survival
#20
John Colin Boyd, Jafna L Cox, Ansar Hassan, Sohrab Lutchmedial, Alexandra M Yip, Jean-François Légaré
BACKGROUND: Invasive cardiac care is the preferred method of treatment for patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) complicated by cardiogenic shock (CS). In Nova Scotia, invasive cardiac care is only available in Halifax at the Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre (QEII-HSC). METHODS: All consecutive patients diagnosed with ACS and CS in 2009-2013 in Nova Scotia were included. Data were obtained from the clinical database of Cardiovascular Health Nova Scotia...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
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