keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Correctional medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535000/staging-performance-of-whole-body-dwi-pet-ct-and-pet-mri-in-invasive-ductal-carcinoma-of-the-breast
#1
Onofrio Antonio Catalano, Dania Daye, Alberto Signore, Carlo Iannace, Mark Vangel, Angelo Luongo, Marco Catalano, Mazzeo Filomena, Luigi Mansi, Andrea Soricelli, Marco Salvatore, Niccolo Fuin, Ciprian Catana, Umar Mahmood, Bruce Robert Rosen
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the performance of whole-body diffusion-weighted imaging (WB-DWI), whole-body positron emission tomography with computed tomography (WB-PET/CT), and whole-body positron emission tomography with magnetic resonance imaging (WB-PET/MRI) in staging patients with untreated invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. Fifty-one women with newly diagnosed invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast underwent WB-DWI, WB-PET/CT and WB-PET/MRI before treatment. A radiologist and a nuclear medicine physician reviewed in consensus the images from the three modalities and searched for occurrence, number and location of metastases...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534835/emulsion-based-intradermal-delivery-of-melittin-in-rats
#2
Sang Mi Han, Se Gun Kim, Sok Cheon Pak
Bee venom (BV) has long been used as a traditional medicine. The aim of the present study was to formulate a BV emulsion with good rheological properties for dermal application and investigate the effect of formulation on the permeation of melittin through dermatomed rat skin. A formulated emulsion containing 1% (w/v) BV was prepared. The emulsion was compared with distilled water (DW) and 25% (w/v) N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) in DW. Permeation of melittin from aqueous solution through the dermatomed murine skin was evaluated using the Franz diffusion cells...
May 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534831/rapidly-simultaneous-determination-of-six-effective-components-in-cistanche-tubulosa-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#3
Xinhong Wang, Xiaoguang Wang, Yuhai Guo
Quantitative determination of multiple effective components in a given plant usually requires a very large amount of authentic natural products. In this study, we proposed a rapid and non-destructive method for the simultaneous determination of echinacoside, verbascoside, mannitol, sucrose, glucose and fructose in Cistanche tubulosa by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Near infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were conducted on 116 batches of C. tubulosa samples...
May 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534676/applications-of-raman-spectroscopy-in-biopharmaceutical-manufacturing-a-short-review
#4
Kevin Buckley, Alan G Ryder
The production of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) is currently undergoing its biggest transformation in a century. The changes are based on the rapid and dramatic introduction of protein- and macromolecule-based drugs (collectively known as biopharmaceuticals) and can be traced back to the huge investment in biomedical science (in particular in genomics and proteomics) that has been ongoing since the 1970s. Biopharmaceuticals (or biologics) are manufactured using biological-expression systems (such as mammalian, bacterial, insect cells, etc...
June 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533938/radionuclide-bone-scan-spect-ct-lowering-the-dose-of-ct-significantly-reduces-radiation-dose-without-impacting-ct-image-quality
#5
Sandeep Kumar Gupta, Scott Trethewey, Bree Brooker, Natalie Rutherford, Jenny Diffey, Suresh Viswanathan, John Attia
The CT component of SPECT-CT is required for attenuation correction and anatomical localization of the uptake on SPECT but there is no guideline about the optimal CT acquisition parameters. In our department, a standard CT acquisition protocol was changed in 2013 to give lower radiation dose to the patient. In this study, we retrospectively compared the effects on patient dose as well as the CT image quality with current versus older CT protocols. Ninety nine consecutive patients [n=51 Standard dose 'old' protocol (SDP); n=48 lower dose 'new' protocol (LDP)] with lumbar spine SPECT-CT for bone scan were examined...
2017: American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532933/clinical-outcomes-of-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-versus-conventional-phacoemulsification-surgery-for-hard-nuclear-cataracts
#6
Xinyi Chen, Yinhui Yu, Xiaohui Song, Yanan Zhu, Wei Wang, Ke Yao
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes between femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (femtosecond group) and conventional phacoemulsification cataract surgery (conventional group) in patients with hard nuclear cataract. SETTING: Eye Center, Second Affiliated Hospital of School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. DESIGN: Prospective consecutive nonrandomized comparative cohort study. METHODS: According to the Emery-Little classification, cataract patients with a grade 4 or 5 hard nuclei were assigned to 1 of the 2 groups...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532810/species-level-identification-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococcus-spp-from-buffalo-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-and-cydb-real-time-quantitative-pcr
#7
Lucas J L Pizauro, Camila C de Almeida, Glenn A Soltes, Durda Slavic, Oswaldo D Rossi-Junior, Fernando A de Ávila, Luiz F Zafalon, Janet I MacInnes
Incorrect identification of Staphylococcus spp. can have serious clinical and zoonotic repercussions. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to determine if matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and/or cydB real- time quantitative PCR (qPCR) could be used to accurately identify coagulase negative Staphylococcus spp. (CoNS) obtained from buffalo milk and milking environment samples. Seventy-five of 84 CoNS isolates could be identified to the species level (score value >1...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532649/condom-availability-in-schools-a-practical-approach-to-the-prevention-of-sexually-transmitted-infection-hiv-and-unintended-pregnancy
#8
(no author information available yet)
Adolescents and young adults are highly impacted by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unplanned pregnancy in the United States and globally. Consistent and correct use of male latex condoms is associated with protection against both STIs and pregnancy. Providing adolescents and young adults with access to free condoms in schools may increase the use of condoms by improving condom availability, eliminating cost, and decreasing embarrassment associated with purchasing condoms. Studies demonstrate that condom availability in schools is associated with the increased use of condoms and improved overall sexual health...
June 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529250/impact-of-jaw-position-accuracy-on-dose-variation-in-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-using-jaw-tracking
#9
Fumiyasu Matsubayashi, Yuki Koizumi, Ryo Takahashi, Minoru Yoshioka, Tomoharu Sato
The technique of jaw tracking can be used in volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). In this technique, jaw tracks apertures of the multi leaf collimator (MLC) during irradiation. It is reported that dose variation is occurred by the changing accuracy of MLC position in VMAT and IMRT. Though jaw moves dynamically in the irradiation by using this technique, the influence of the jaw position accuracy on dose variation is not examined. The purpose of this study is to verify the influence of jaw position accuracy on dose variation in VMAT using jaw tracking...
2017: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529116/italian-consensus-guidelines-for-the-management-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infections-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#10
Marco Sebastiani, Fabiola Atzeni, Laura Milazzo, Luca Quartuccio, Carlo Scirè, Giovanni Battista Gaeta, Giovanni Lapadula, Orlando Armignacco, Marcello Tavio, Ignazio Olivieri, Pierluigi Meroni, Laura Bazzichi, Walter Grassi, Alessandro Mathieu, Claudio Mastroianni, Evangelista Sagnelli, Teresa Santantonio, Caterina Uberti Foppa, Massimo Puoti, Loredana Sarmati, Paolo Airò, Oscar Massimiliano Epis, Rossana Scrivo, Miriam Gargiulo, Agostino Riva, Andreina Manfredi, Giovanni Ciancio, Gianguglielmo Zehender, Gloria Taliani, Luca Meroni, Salvatore Sollima, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Massimo Galli
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis B (HBV) infection, which is prevalent worldwide, is also frequently seen in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The Italian Society of Rheumatology (SIR) and the Italian Society of Infectious and Tropical Diseases (SIMIT) endorsed a national consensus process to review the available evidence on HBV management in RA patients and to produce practical, hospital-wide recommendations. METHODS: The consensus panel consisted of infectious disease consultants, rheumatologists and epidemiologists and used the criteria of the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine to assess the quality of the evidence and the strength of their recommendations...
May 18, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528758/comparison-of-arterial-blood-pressure-measurements-obtained-invasively-or-oscillometrically-using-a-datex-s-5-compact-monitor-in-anaesthetised-adult-horses
#11
Tyfane T Yamaoka, Derek Flaherty, Patricia Pawson, Marian Scott, Adam Auckburally
OBJECTIVE: To assess agreement between noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) oscillometrically-derived values from a multiparameter monitor (Datex Ohmeda S/5 Compact) with those obtained by invasive blood pressure (IBP) measurement in anaesthetised horses undergoing elective surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 40 healthy adult horses. METHODS: Horses were anaesthetised with various anaesthetic protocols (based on clinical requirements)...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526439/-over-diagnosis-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-primary-care-prevalence-and-determining-factors
#12
R Golpe, M Díaz-Fernández, N Mengual-Macenlle, P Sanjuán-López, I Martín-Robles, E Cano-Jiménez
INTRODUCTION: COPD under-diagnosis is common in Primary Health Care medicine, due to the low use of spirometry, but there is less information about over-diagnosis of the disease in patients that have a clinical diagnosis of COPD. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the study was to investigate the prevalence of COPD over-diagnosis in Primary Care medicine. Secondary objectives were to determine the factors associated with an incorrect clinical diagnosis of COPD and to analyse whether the pharmacological treatment is different for patients with correct or incorrect diagnosis...
May 17, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526378/association-between-prepregnancy-obesity-and-metabolic-risk-in-chilean-premenopausal-women-10%C3%A2-y-postpartum
#13
Maria Luisa Garmendia, Carolina Zamudio, Marcela Araya, Juliana Kain
OBJECTIVES: One of every four pregnant women in Chile is obese. Gestational obesity is associated with maternal metabolic complications in pregnancy (e.g., gestational diabetes, preeclampsia), but to our knowledge, there is little evidence on relationships with future metabolic risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between prepregnancy obesity (prepregnancy body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2)) or excessive gestational weight gain (GWG; according to the 2009 recommendations from the Institute of Medicine), and maternal metabolic complications 10 y postpartum in premenopausal Chilean women...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521274/detection-of-regulated-herbs-and-plants-in-plant-food-supplements-and-traditional-medicines-using-infrared-spectroscopy
#14
E Deconinck, C A Sokeng Djiogo, J L Bothy, P Courselle
The identification of a specific toxic or regulated plant in herbal preparations or plant food supplements is a real challenge, since they are often powdered, mixed with other herbal or synthetic powders and compressed into tablets or capsules. The classical identification approaches based on micro- and macroscopy are therefore not possible anymore. In this paper infrared spectroscopy, combined with attenuated total reflectance was evaluated for the screening of plant based preparations for nine specific plants (five regulated and four common plants for herbal supplements)...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520198/dynamic-and-steady-state-oxygen-dependent-lung-relaxometry-using-inversion-recovery-ultra-fast-steady-state-free-precession-imaging-at-1-5-t
#15
Grzegorz Bauman, Orso Pusterla, Francesco Santini, Oliver Bieri
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the feasibility of oxygen-dependent relaxometry in human lung using an inversion recovery ultra-fast steady-state free precession (IR-ufSSFP) technique. METHODS: Electrocardiogram-triggered pulmonary relaxometry with IR-ufSSFP was performed in 7 healthy human subjects at 1.5 T. The data were acquired under both normoxic and hyperoxic conditions. In a single breath-hold of less than 9 seconds, 30 transient state IR-ufSSFP images were acquired, yielding longitudinal (T1) and transversal (T2) relaxometry parameter maps using voxel-wise nonlinear fitting...
May 18, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513519/attitude-and-knowledge-of-family-medicine-practitioners-towards-the-association-between-periodontal-disease-and-obesity
#16
Z Akram, T Abduljabbar, A Hanif, A Khan, F Vohra
OBJECTIVES: To assess the attitude and knowledge of family medicine practitioners (FMPs) towards the association between periodontal disease and obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed and a 13-item survey questionnaire was given to FMPs practicing in 12 different teaching hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan. The questions were aimed at exploring the knowledge of FMP's regarding the association of obesity and periodontal disease and their attitude towards the association of obesity and periodontal disease...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511873/misdiagnosis-of-vertebral-fractures-on-local-radiographic-readings-of-the-multicentre-point-prevalence-of-osteoporosis-in-internal-medicine-study
#17
Daniele Diacinti, Claudio Vitali, Gualberto Gussoni, Daniela Pisani, Luigi Sinigaglia, Gerolamo Bianchi, Ranuccio Nuti, Luigi Gennari, Stefano Pederzoli, Maddalena Grazzini, Antonella Valerio, Antonino Mazzone, Carlo Nozzoli, Mauro Campanini, Carlina V Albanese
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic vertebral fractures (VFs) are often misdiagnosed because asymptomatic and occurring in the absence of specific trauma. Further, diagnostic assessment of VFs may be suboptimal. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the misdiagnosis of vertebral fractures on local radiographic readings in the cohort of patients enrolled in the POINT study. METHODS: We enrolled hospitalised patients, admitted for any cause to the Internal Medicine Units of 37 hospitals participating to the cross-sectional previously published POINT study...
May 13, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511308/-blood-borne-occupational-exposure-and-protection-in-medical-staff-of-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-hospital
#18
Z G Zhang, Q X Wei, Z P Yang, Q M Wei, X M Wang, X L Wang
Objective: To investigate blood-borne occupational exposure and related protection in the medical staff of a traditional Chinese medicine hospital, and to provide a reference for reducing the risk of blood-borne occupational exposure. Methods: Forty-eight medical workers with blood-borne occupational exposure in 2015 were selected to analyze the incidence of blood-borne occupational exposure, influencing factors, operations that caused blood-borne occupational exposure, pathogens, and occupational protection...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507239/pulsatile-flow-in-ventricular-catheters-for-hydrocephalus
#19
Á Giménez, M Galarza, U Thomale, M U Schuhmann, J Valero, J M Amigó
The obstruction of ventricular catheters (VCs) is a major problem in the standard treatment of hydrocephalus, the flow pattern of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) being one important factor thereof. As a first approach to this problem, some of the authors studied previously the CSF flow through VCs under time-independent boundary conditions by means of computational fluid dynamics in three-dimensional models. This allowed us to derive a few basic principles which led to designs with improved flow patterns regarding the obstruction problem...
June 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503749/a-prospective-evaluation-of-transverse-tracheal-sonography-during-emergent-intubation-by-emergency-medicine-resident-physicians
#20
Shadi Lahham, Jamie Baydoun, James Bailey, Sandra Sandoval, Sean P Wilson, John C Fox, David E Slattery
OBJECTIVES: Establishing a definitive airway is often the first step in emergency department treatment of critically ill patients. Currently, there is no agreed upon consensus as to the most efficacious method of airway confirmation. Our objective was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of real-time sonography performed by resident physicians to confirm placement of the endotracheal tube during emergent intubation. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of adult patients in the emergency department undergoing emergent endotracheal intubation...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
keyword
keyword
2500
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"