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Long-term outcome in hip fracture patients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385235/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-for-older-people-admitted-to-a-surgical-service
#1
REVIEW
Gilgamesh Eamer, Amir Taheri, Sidian S Chen, Quinn Daviduck, Thane Chambers, Xinzhe Shi, Rachel G Khadaroo
BACKGROUND: Aging populations are at increased risk of postoperative complications. New methods to provide care for older people recovering from surgery may reduce surgery-related complications. Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) has been shown to improve some outcomes for medical patients, such as enabling them to continue living at home, and has been proposed to have positive impacts for surgical patients. CGA is a coordinated, multidisciplinary collaboration that assesses the medical, psychosocial and functional capabilities and limitations of an older person, with the goal of establishing a treatment plan and long-term follow-up...
January 31, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374996/bone-mineral-density-is-compromised-in-very-long-term-survivors-of-irradiated-childhood-brain-tumor
#2
Tiina M Remes, Pekka M Arikoski, Päivi M Lähteenmäki, Mikko O Arola, Tytti M-L Pokka, V Pekka Riikonen, Kirsti H Sirkiä, Heikki M J Rantala, Arja H Harila-Saari, Marja K Ojaniemi
INTRODUCTION: The increase in the number of childhood brain tumor survivors warrants detailed research to increase our knowledge regarding the possible physical and psychosocial adverse outcomes of tumor and tumor therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current bone health by measuring the bone mineral density (BMD) in irradiated, adult long-term survivors of childhood brain tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied a national cohort of 74 adult survivors of childhood brain tumors treated with irradiation in Finland between 1970 and 2008...
January 27, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344700/dual-mobility-hip-arthroplasty-provides-better-outcomes-compared-to-hemiarthroplasty-for-displaced-femoral-neck-fractures-a-retrospective-comparative-clinical-study
#3
Yong Tae Kim, Je-Hyun Yoo, Min Ki Kim, Sanghyun Kim, Jihyo Hwang
PURPOSE: Total hip arthroplasty with a dual mobility cup (DMC) is a proposed alternative to the widely performed bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) for treating displaced intracapsular femoral neck fractures (DFNF) in the elderly. However, the comparison between the two modalities has not been extensively conducted thus far. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with DFNF patients aged over 65 years who were treated either by BHA or DMC. After propensity matching each group comprised 84 patients (168 patients in total) and was analyzed using peri-operative and post-operative parameters...
January 17, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305445/outcomes-of-dual-mobility-components-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
B Darrith, P M Courtney, C J Della Valle
AIMS: Instability remains a challenging problem in both primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). Dual mobility components confer increased stability, but there are concerns about the unique complications associated with these designs, as well as the long-term survivorship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of all English language articles dealing with dual mobility THAs published between 2007 and 2016 in the MEDLINE and Embase electronic databases...
January 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276118/total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease-improved-outcomes-with-dual-mobility-implants-and-cementless-fixation
#5
Jean Y Lazennec, Youngwoo Kim, Aidin Eslam Pour
BACKGROUND: Parkinson disease (PD) results in severe limitation in ambulation caused by abnormality of gait and posture. The rate of complications, including fractures and dislocation after total hip arthroplasty (THA), can be higher among these patients. The goal of this study was to investigate the long-term outcomes of primary and revision THAs with cementless dual mobility implants. METHODS: This retrospective study examines 59 PD patients who had surgery between 2002 and 2012...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237448/surgical-outcome-of-atypical-subtrochanteric-and-femoral-fracture-related-to-bisphosphonates-use-in-osteoporotic-patients-with-or-without-teriparatide-treatment
#6
Wen-Ling Yeh, Chun-Yi Su, Chia-Wei Chang, Chien-Hao Chen, Tsai-Sheng Fu, Lih-Huei Chen, Tung-Yi Lin
BACKGROUND: Atypical subtrochanteric fracture and femoral fracture have been considered to be rare complications related to long-term bisphosphonates use. A reduced bone turnover rate may lead to delayed bone healing. Limited data have revealed that teriparatide treatment may reverse the effect of bisphosphonates and be effective in bone healing. METHODS: We reviewed patients with atypical subtrochanteric and femoral fracture related to bisphosphonates use between January 2008 and December 2014...
December 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226207/open-anterior-hip-dislocation-in-a-child-a-rare-mechanism-of-injury
#7
Ali A Esmailiejah, Mohammadreza Abbasian, Farshad Safdari, Sufian S Ahmad
Traumatic anterior dislocation of the hip is an extremely rare condition in children and open dislocation is even rarer. This isusually caused by high-energy trauma. In the current study, we present a case of an eight-year-old child suffering from an open anterior-inferior dislocation of the right hip concomitant with pelvic ring disruption and an ipsilateral open distal femoral fracture (Salter-Harris type 4, Gustilo type IIIA) caused by a traffic accident. The patient underwent successful emergent open reduction due to the buttonholed femoral head after appropriate irrigation and debridement...
September 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196309/low-energy-atypical-femoral-shaft-and-ipsilateral-neck-fracture-a-rare-association
#8
Chrisropher Peake, Alex Trompeter
This reports a case of a low-energy ipsilateral femoral shaft and neck fracture in a 69-year-old woman with vitamin D deficiency, who was taking long-term steroids and bisphosphonates. This is a fracture more commonly associated with a high-energy trauma. However, with an ageing global population and an increasing prevalence of bone insufficiency, we predict the incidence of this presentation to increase. Long-term bisphosphonate therapy has been associated with bone insufficiency and an increased rate of delayed union, adding to the complexity of management in these patients...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162931/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-with-intertan-vs-gamma-nail-or-pfna-in-the-treatment-of-intertrochanteric-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#9
Jian-Xiong Ma, Ming-Jie Kuang, Zheng-Rui Fan, Fei Xing, Yun-Long Zhao, Lu-Kai Zhang, Heng-Ting Chen, Chao Han, Xin-Long Ma
Intertrochanteric fractures are common injuries in the elderly. Conventional intramedullary nails including Gamma 3 locking nail and proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) were designed for unstable intertrochanteric fractures. The InterTan (IT) nail system, introduced in 2005, has been reported superior biomechanical and clinical outcomes compared with 1-screw nailing system. However, some recent studies have reported that IT did not improve functional recovery in patients with intertrochanteric fractures...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152495/midterm-outcomes-of-titanium-modular-femoral-necks-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#10
Thurial Collet, Jean-Pierre Atanasiu, Jean-Baptiste de Cussac, Kamal Oufroukhi, Hugo Bothorel, Mo Saffarini, François Badatcheff
Background: Modular femoral necks present surgical and biomechanical advantages in total hip arthroplasty (THA), but their benefits remain controversial due to risks of corrosion and fracture at the additional junction. This study aimed to report 10-year survival and clinical outcomes of a titanium femoral stem with a titanium modular neck in consecutive series. Methods: The authors reviewed the records of 97 patients (99 THAs) using uncemented modular stem and ceramic-on-ceramic acetabular components...
October 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145281/cup-revision-involving-retention-of-a-fixed-but-malpositioned-acetabular-component-in-patients-with-poor-general-conditions
#11
Weiping Su, Min Zeng, Yihe Hu, Jianxi Zhu, Long Wang, Jie Xie
This study evaluated the surgical technique and outcomes of cup revision involving retention of a fixed but malpositioned acetabular component in patients with poor general conditions.Between 2007 and 2013, we performed cup revision on 12 hips while retaining a fixed (either cemented or uncemented) but malpositioned acetabular component. Indications for this technique were: malpositioned but fixed acetabular shell; sufficient space for the insertion of the prosthesis; and patients with poor general conditions...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139194/advantages-of-care-for-patients-with-hip-fractures-in-the-acute-geriatric-unit-hip-study-anoia
#12
Enric Duaso, Francesc Formiga, Patrícia Marimón, Montserrat Sandiumenge, Maria Teresa Salgado, Victor Murga, Andrés Gamboa, Carlos Rodriguez, Jaume Castellà, Enrique Escalante, Célia Lumbreras, Anna Tarrida, Ramón Sellarès
AIM: Hip fracture as a result of bone fragility is characterized by poor health outcomes in the medium and long term. Our goal was to compare a new orthogeriatric model with the old trauma model and evaluate improvements in clinical management. METHODS: We carried out a comparative unicentric study, a historical sample (trauma model) collected from 1 June 2007 to 31 May 2010, versus a prospective sample (orthogeriatric model) collected from 1 June 2010 until 31 May 2013...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107499/clinical-outcome-of-massive-endoprostheses-used-for-managing-periprosthetic-joint-infections-of-the-hip-and-knee
#13
Abtin Alvand, George Grammatopoulos, Floris de Vos, Matthew Scarborough, Ben Kendrick, Andrew Price, Roger Gundle, Duncan Whitwell, William Jackson, Adrian Taylor, Christopher L M H Gibbons
BACKGROUND: Endoprosthetic replacement (EPR) is an option for management of massive bone loss resulting from infection around failed lower limb implants. The aim of this study is to determine the mid-term outcome of EPRs performed in the treatment of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) and infected failed osteosyntheses around the hip and knee joint and identify factors that influence it. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all hip and knee EPRs performed between 2007 and 2014 for the management of chronic infection following complex arthroplasty or fracture fixation...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048689/long-term-clinical-results-of-the-metasul-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty-12-6-years-follow-up-of-128-primary-total-hip-replacements
#14
Hendrik A Zuiderbaan, Dennis Visser, Inger N Sierevelt, Janine Penders, Jeanette Verhart, Diederik A Vergroesen
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present study is to report the long-term clinical results of an uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) using a Metasul metal-on-metal (MoM) 28-mm bearing and to evaluate the long-term serum cobalt levels. METHODS: At an average of 12.6 years following primary THA, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical results of the first 116 consecutive patients (128 THAs) in our institution who underwent 28-mm Metasul MoM THA. Of the 78 patients who were able to visit our outpatient clinic, serum cobalt levels were evaluated...
October 14, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017580/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-intertan-nail-and-proximal-femoral-nail-anti-rotation-in-the-treatment-of-intertrochanteric-fractures-in-elderly-patients-with-osteoporosis-a-minimum-follow-up-of-3%C3%A2-years
#15
Hui Zhang, Xiaoxiao Zhu, Genwang Pei, Xianshang Zeng, Nan Zhang, Ping Xu, Deng Chen, Weiguang Yu, Xinchao Zhang
BACKGROUND: The study aims to compare the long-term functional and radiographic outcomes of two devices for the treatment of primary intertrochanteric fractures (IFs, OTA 3.1A2.1-A2.3) in elderly patients with osteoporosis. METHODS: Between December 2010 and August 2014, 332 elderly osteoporosis patients with IFs (OTA 3.1A2.1-A2.3) fixed by an InterTAN nail (IT) or a proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) device were retrospectively evaluated. Follow-up occurred 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively and every year thereafter...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993082/noncemented-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-sickle-cell-disease-long-term-results
#16
Imran Ilyas, Husam A Alrumaih, Samar Rabbani
BACKGROUND: Avascular necrosis of the femoral head is a well-known sequela of sickle-cell disease (SCD) requiring a surgical intervention that comes with technical challenges. METHODS: Uncemented hip arthroplasty for avascular necrosis of the femoral head due to SCD was carried out for 101 patients (133 hips) between 2000 and 2012. The duration of follow-up ranged from 5 to 17 years (mean, 14.59 years). All patients received a noncemented femoral stem and a noncemented acetabular shell...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951638/non-parallel-screw-fixation-for-femoral-neck-fractures-in-young-adults
#17
Sherif Galal, Mohamed Nagy
INTRODUCTION: Current literature shows divergence of views regarding screws positioning in femoral neck fractures fixation. The goal of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of divergent screw fixation for fracture neck of femur (NOF). METHODS: The study was conducted at an academic Level 1 Trauma Center. This is a retrospective study conducted from October 2013 to October 2016. The study included 41 patients (33 males, 8 females) suffering from fracture NOF who were fixed using BDSF technique (26 within 24 h...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943234/association-between-antidepressants-and-fall-related-injuries-among-long-term-care-residents
#18
Jennifer C Macri, Andrea Iaboni, Julia G Kirkham, Colleen Maxwell, Sudeep S Gill, Akshya Vasudev, Marlo Whitehead, Dallas P Seitz
OBJECTIVES: Antidepressants are associated with an increased risk of falls although little is known of the comparative risks of different types of antidepressants or individuals who are at greatest risk for falls. We examined the association between new use of antidepressants and fall-related injuries among older adults in long-term care (LTC). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: This was a matched, retrospective cohort study involving LTC residents in Ontario, Canada, from 2008 to 2014...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888684/prognostic-factors-after-a-traumatic-hip-dislocation-a-long-term-retrospective-study
#19
J Moreta, X Foruria, A Sánchez, U Aguirre
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic hip dislocations can have devastating complications such as osteoarthritis or osteonecrosis. The aim of this study was to identify the variables and prognostic factors associated with clinical and radiological outcome after a traumatic hip dislocation at long-term follow-up. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A review was performed of all dislocations and fracture-dislocations of the hip from January 1999 to December 2012. A computed tomography scan was performed after reduction in all cases...
September 6, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870190/monobloc-implants-in-cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-legg-calve-perthes-disease-a-long-term-follow-up
#20
Ze-Yu Luo, Hao-Yang Wang, Duan Wang, Hui Pan, Fu-Xing Pei, Zong-Ke Zhou
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate 10-year outcomes in cementless monobloc total hip arthroplasty (THA) in a group of hips with Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LCPD). METHODS: We reviewed 71 patients (88 hips) who underwent cementless THA with a diagnosis of LCPD from 2003 to 2009. From the total of 71 patients, 34 men and 37 women with an average age of 49.94 years were included. The mean follow-up period was 10 years. RESULTS: The mean Harris Hip Score improved significantly from 46...
September 5, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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