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Long-term outcome in hip fracture patients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656971/long-term-outcomes-after-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-a-28-mm-head-a-17-to-23-year-follow-up-study-of-a-previous-report
#1
Jun-Ki Moon, Yeesuk Kim, Kyu-Tae Hwang, Jae-Hyuk Yang, Young-Ha Oh, Young-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Second-generation, metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty (MoM THA) using a 28-mm head has shown favorable results compared with large head MoM THA. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term outcomes of cementless primary MoM THA with a 28-mm head and the incidence of osteolysis using computed tomography. METHODS: A total of 92 patients (53 men and 39 women) who underwent primary cementless MoM THA (114 hips) with a 28-mm head were enrolled in this study...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656346/hip-fracture-patients-who-experience-a-greater-fluctuation-in-rdw-during-hospital-course-are-at-heightened-risk-for-all-cause-mortality-a-prospective-study-with-2-year-follow-up
#2
P Yin, H Lv, Y Li, Y Meng, L Zhang, L Zhang, P Tang
This study aims to detect whether there remains valuable prognostic information in fluctuation of red cell distribution width (RDW) in hip fracture patients. Results show that this readily available parameter may provide a more effective strategy for assessment of mortality risk, therefore providing a reference for clinical planning and decision-making. INTRODUCTION: Prognostic values have been found in the fluctuation of some hematologic parameters. The red cell distribution width (RDW) routinely reported with all complete blood cell counts (CBC) has proven to be associated with poor outcomes in various diseases...
April 14, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613927/mortality-following-periprosthetic-proximal-femoral-fractures-versus-native-hip-fractures
#3
Matthew R Boylan, Aldo M Riesgo, Carl B Paulino, James D Slover, Joseph D Zuckerman, Kenneth A Egol
BACKGROUND: The number of periprosthetic proximal femoral fractures is expected to increase with the increasing prevalence of hip arthroplasties. While native hip fractures have a well-known association with mortality, there are currently limited data on this outcome among the subset of patients with periprosthetic proximal femoral fractures. METHODS: Using the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System, we identified patients from 60 to 99 years old who were admitted to a hospital in the state with a periprosthetic proximal femoral fracture (n = 1,655) or a native hip (femoral neck or intertrochanteric) fracture (n = 97,231) between 2006 and 2014...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605113/disuse-osteopenia-following-leg-fracture-in-postmenopausal-women-implications-for-hip-fracture-risk-and-fracture-liaison-services
#4
S J Hopkins, A D Toms, M Brown, A Appleboam, K M Knapp
INTRODUCTION: Disuse osteopenia is a known consequence of reduced weight-bearing and has been demonstrated at the hip following leg injury but has not been specifically studied in postmenopausal women. METHOD: Bilateral DXA (GE Lunar Prodigy) bone mineral density (BMD) measurements were taken at the neck of femur (NOF), total hip region (TH) and lumbar spine in postmenopausal female groups comprising controls (N = 43), new leg fractures (#<3wks) (N = 9), and participants who had sustained a leg fracture more than one year previously (#>1yr) (N = 24)...
May 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570759/using-ceramic-on-ceramic-bearings-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-necessitating-44-or-46-mm-metal-shells
#5
Chan Ho Park, Yong-Chan Ha, Young-Kyun Lee, Kyung-Hoi Koo
Ceramic-on-ceramic articulation shows the lowest wear, with a low incidence of osteolysis. A small cup limits options regarding liner thickness and femoral implant size. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of a 4-mm-thick ceramic liner and the outcomes of cementless total hip arthroplasty using a 44- or 46-mm metal shell and a ceramic-on-ceramic bearing at mid- to long-term follow-up. Between May 2003 and June 2008, 80 patients (88 hips) who had hip osteoarthritis and a hypoplastic acetabulum underwent cementless total hip arthroplasty using a 44- or 46-mm metal shell and a ceramic-on-ceramic bearing...
March 23, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564294/medium-to-long-term-results-of-strut-allografts-treating-periprosthetic-bone-defects
#6
Jun Sung Park, Kyoung Ho Moon
Purpose: We evaluated the medium- to long-term outcomes of cortical strut allografts used to treat periprosthetic bone defects to better understand the correlation between radiological and clinical outcomes. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed outcomes from 19 patients undergoing cortical strut allografts to treat periproshtetic bone defects from 2001 to 2015. The mean age at index operation was 59.4 years and the average follow-up period was 8.6 years...
March 2018: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551653/complex-fractures-of-the-acetabulum-should-the-enlarged-iliofemoral-approach-be-abandoned-results-at-20-years-follow-up
#7
A-G Hue, R Gauthé, A-C Tobenas-Dujardin, A Vallée, J Mouton, F Dujardin
INTRODUCTION: Among the various options for internal fixation of acetabular fractures, the enlarged iliofemoral approach is less often used, being more invasive, although providing greater exposure enabling control of all components in complex fractures. Even so, the impact of its invasiveness has not been confirmed, and long-term results are not known. We therefore performed a retrospective study, aiming 1) to assess long-term functional outcome, and 2) to assess associated morbidity...
March 15, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469803/use-of-the-hemicap-partial-hip-resurfacing-technique-for-traumatic-femoral-head-osteochondral-defects-following-obturator-hip-dislocations
#8
Varun Arora, Pierre Navarre, Mathias Russ, Max Esser
Fracture of the femoral head (OTA 31-C1.3) following anterior obturator dislocations are a challenging problem as the fractures are often communited, impacted and with loose osteochondral fragments, making surgical fixation difficult. This can result in residual articular defects if the fragments cannot be internally fixed and need be excised, predisposing to secondary osteoarthritis. Treatment options for these defects are limited, have variable results and with limited literature to guide us on outcomes due to the rarity of these injuries...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463292/effectiveness-of-interventions-aimed-at-improving-physical-and-psychological-outcomes-of-fall-related-injuries-in-people-with-dementia-a-narrative-systematic-review
#9
Shannon Robalino, Sarange B Nyakang'o, Fiona R Beyer, Chris Fox, Louise M Allan
BACKGROUND: The annual prevalence of falls in people with dementia ranges from 47 to 90%. Falls are a common reason for hospital admission in people with dementia, and there is limited research evidence regarding the care pathways experienced by this population. In addition to immediate management of an injury, prevention of further falls is likely to be an important part of any successful intervention. This review aims to assess the effectiveness of interventions for improving the physical and psychological wellbeing of people with dementia who have sustained a fall-related injury...
February 20, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385235/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-for-older-people-admitted-to-a-surgical-service
#10
REVIEW
Gilgamesh Eamer, Amir Taheri, Sidian S Chen, Quinn Daviduck, Thane Chambers, Xinzhe Shi, Rachel G Khadaroo
BACKGROUND: Aging populations are at increased risk of postoperative complications. New methods to provide care for older people recovering from surgery may reduce surgery-related complications. Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) has been shown to improve some outcomes for medical patients, such as enabling them to continue living at home, and has been proposed to have positive impacts for surgical patients. CGA is a coordinated, multidisciplinary collaboration that assesses the medical, psychosocial and functional capabilities and limitations of an older person, with the goal of establishing a treatment plan and long-term follow-up...
January 31, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374996/bone-mineral-density-is-compromised-in-very-long-term-survivors-of-irradiated-childhood-brain-tumor
#11
Tiina M Remes, Pekka M Arikoski, Päivi M Lähteenmäki, Mikko O Arola, Tytti M-L Pokka, V Pekka Riikonen, Kirsti H Sirkiä, Heikki M J Rantala, Arja H Harila-Saari, Marja K Ojaniemi
INTRODUCTION: The increase in the number of childhood brain tumor survivors warrants detailed research to increase our knowledge regarding the possible physical and psychosocial adverse outcomes of tumor and tumor therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current bone health by measuring the bone mineral density (BMD) in irradiated, adult long-term survivors of childhood brain tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied a national cohort of 74 adult survivors of childhood brain tumors treated with irradiation in Finland between 1970 and 2008...
January 27, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344700/dual-mobility-hip-arthroplasty-provides-better-outcomes-compared-to-hemiarthroplasty-for-displaced-femoral-neck-fractures-a-retrospective-comparative-clinical-study
#12
Yong Tae Kim, Je-Hyun Yoo, Min Ki Kim, Sanghyun Kim, Jihyo Hwang
PURPOSE: Total hip arthroplasty with a dual mobility cup (DMC) is a proposed alternative to the widely performed bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) for treating displaced intracapsular femoral neck fractures (DFNF) in the elderly. However, the comparison between the two modalities has not been extensively conducted thus far. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with DFNF patients aged over 65 years who were treated either by BHA or DMC. After propensity matching each group comprised 84 patients (168 patients in total) and was analyzed using peri-operative and post-operative parameters...
January 17, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305445/outcomes-of-dual-mobility-components-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
B Darrith, P M Courtney, C J Della Valle
AIMS: Instability remains a challenging problem in both primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). Dual mobility components confer increased stability, but there are concerns about the unique complications associated with these designs, as well as the long-term survivorship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of all English language articles dealing with dual mobility THAs published between 2007 and 2016 in the MEDLINE and Embase electronic databases...
January 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276118/total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease-improved-outcomes-with-dual-mobility-implants-and-cementless-fixation
#14
Jean Y Lazennec, Youngwoo Kim, Aidin Eslam Pour
BACKGROUND: Parkinson disease (PD) results in severe limitation in ambulation caused by abnormality of gait and posture. The rate of complications, including fractures and dislocation after total hip arthroplasty (THA), can be higher among these patients. The goal of this study was to investigate the long-term outcomes of primary and revision THAs with cementless dual mobility implants. METHODS: This retrospective study examines 59 PD patients who had surgery between 2002 and 2012...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237448/surgical-outcome-of-atypical-subtrochanteric-and-femoral-fracture-related-to-bisphosphonates-use-in-osteoporotic-patients-with-or-without-teriparatide-treatment
#15
Wen-Ling Yeh, Chun-Yi Su, Chia-Wei Chang, Chien-Hao Chen, Tsai-Sheng Fu, Lih-Huei Chen, Tung-Yi Lin
BACKGROUND: Atypical subtrochanteric fracture and femoral fracture have been considered to be rare complications related to long-term bisphosphonates use. A reduced bone turnover rate may lead to delayed bone healing. Limited data have revealed that teriparatide treatment may reverse the effect of bisphosphonates and be effective in bone healing. METHODS: We reviewed patients with atypical subtrochanteric and femoral fracture related to bisphosphonates use between January 2008 and December 2014...
December 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226207/open-anterior-hip-dislocation-in-a-child-a-rare-mechanism-of-injury
#16
Ali A Esmailiejah, Mohammadreza Abbasian, Farshad Safdari, Sufian S Ahmad
Traumatic anterior dislocation of the hip is an extremely rare condition in children and open dislocation is even rarer. This isusually caused by high-energy trauma. In the current study, we present a case of an eight-year-old child suffering from an open anterior-inferior dislocation of the right hip concomitant with pelvic ring disruption and an ipsilateral open distal femoral fracture (Salter-Harris type 4, Gustilo type IIIA) caused by a traffic accident. The patient underwent successful emergent open reduction due to the buttonholed femoral head after appropriate irrigation and debridement...
September 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196309/low-energy-atypical-femoral-shaft-and-ipsilateral-neck-fracture-a-rare-association
#17
Chrisropher Peake, Alex Trompeter
This reports a case of a low-energy ipsilateral femoral shaft and neck fracture in a 69-year-old woman with vitamin D deficiency, who was taking long-term steroids and bisphosphonates. This is a fracture more commonly associated with a high-energy trauma. However, with an ageing global population and an increasing prevalence of bone insufficiency, we predict the incidence of this presentation to increase. Long-term bisphosphonate therapy has been associated with bone insufficiency and an increased rate of delayed union, adding to the complexity of management in these patients...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162931/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-with-intertan-vs-gamma-nail-or-pfna-in-the-treatment-of-intertrochanteric-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#18
Jian-Xiong Ma, Ming-Jie Kuang, Zheng-Rui Fan, Fei Xing, Yun-Long Zhao, Lu-Kai Zhang, Heng-Ting Chen, Chao Han, Xin-Long Ma
Intertrochanteric fractures are common injuries in the elderly. Conventional intramedullary nails including Gamma 3 locking nail and proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) were designed for unstable intertrochanteric fractures. The InterTan (IT) nail system, introduced in 2005, has been reported superior biomechanical and clinical outcomes compared with 1-screw nailing system. However, some recent studies have reported that IT did not improve functional recovery in patients with intertrochanteric fractures...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152495/midterm-outcomes-of-titanium-modular-femoral-necks-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#19
Thurial Collet, Jean-Pierre Atanasiu, Jean-Baptiste de Cussac, Kamal Oufroukhi, Hugo Bothorel, Mo Saffarini, François Badatcheff
Background: Modular femoral necks present surgical and biomechanical advantages in total hip arthroplasty (THA), but their benefits remain controversial due to risks of corrosion and fracture at the additional junction. This study aimed to report 10-year survival and clinical outcomes of a titanium femoral stem with a titanium modular neck in consecutive series. Methods: The authors reviewed the records of 97 patients (99 THAs) using uncemented modular stem and ceramic-on-ceramic acetabular components...
October 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145281/cup-revision-involving-retention-of-a-fixed-but-malpositioned-acetabular-component-in-patients-with-poor-general-conditions
#20
Weiping Su, Min Zeng, Yihe Hu, Jianxi Zhu, Long Wang, Jie Xie
This study evaluated the surgical technique and outcomes of cup revision involving retention of a fixed but malpositioned acetabular component in patients with poor general conditions.Between 2007 and 2013, we performed cup revision on 12 hips while retaining a fixed (either cemented or uncemented) but malpositioned acetabular component. Indications for this technique were: malpositioned but fixed acetabular shell; sufficient space for the insertion of the prosthesis; and patients with poor general conditions...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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