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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428928/origin-branching-and-communications-of-the-intercostobrachial-nerve-a-meta-analysis-with-implications-for-mastectomy-and-axillary-lymph-node-dissection-in-breast-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Brandon Michael Henry, Matthew J Graves, Jakub R Pękala, Beatrice Sanna, Wan Chin Hsieh, R Shane Tubbs, Jerzy A Walocha, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
The intercostobrachial nerve (ICBN), which usually originates from the lateral cutaneous branch of the second intercostal nerve, innervates areas of the axilla, lateral chest, and medial arm. It is at risk for injury during operative procedures that are often used in the management of breast cancer and such injury has been associated with postoperative sensory loss and neuropathic pain, decreasing the quality of life. PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Biosciences Information Service (BIOSIS), and Web of Science were searched comprehensively...
March 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408851/prilocaine-hydrochloride-2-hyperbaric-solution-for-intrathecal-injection-a-clinical-review
#2
REVIEW
Alberto Manassero, Andrea Fanelli
Prilocaine is a local anesthetic characterized by intermediate potency and duration and fast onset of action. As hyperbaric formulation of 5% solution, it was introduced and has been successfully used for spinal anesthesia since 1960. A new formulation of 2% plain and hyperbaric solution is currently available in Europe. Because of its lower incidence of transient neurological symptoms, prilocaine is suggested as substitute to lidocaine and mepivacaine in spinal anesthesia for ambulatory surgery, as well as a suitable alternative to low doses of long-acting local anesthetics...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405349/is-there-a-standard-for-surgical-therapy-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-healthy-and-cirrhotic-liver-a-comparison-of-eight-guidelines
#3
Giulia Manzini, Doris Henne-Bruns, Franz Porzsolt, Michael Kremer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Liver resection (LR) and transplantation are the most reliable treatments for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Aim was to compare different guidelines regarding indication for resection and transplantation because of HCC with and without underlying cirrhosis. METHODS: We compared the following guidelines published after 1 January 2010: American (American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD)), Spanish (Sociedad Espanola de Oncologia Medica (SEOM)), European (European Association for the study of liver-European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EASL-EORTC) and European Society for Medical Oncology-European Society of Digestive Oncology (ESMO-ESDO)), Asian (Asian Pacific Association for the Study of Liver (APASL)), Japanese (Japan Society of Hepatology (JSH)), Italian (Associazione Italiana Oncologia Medica (AIOM)) and German (S3) guidelines...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403367/discourses-of-healthcare-professionals-about-health-surveillance-actions-for-tuberculosis-control
#4
Fernando Mitano, Amélia Nunes Sicsú, Luciana de Oliveira Sousa, Laís Mara Caetano da Silva, Pedro Fredemir Palha
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the meanings produced in the Health Surveillance actions for tuberculosis control, carried out by healthcare professionals in Mozambique. METHOD: Qualitative study using the theoretical and methodological framework of the French Discourse Analysis. RESULTS: A total of 15 healthcare professionals with more than one year of experience in disease control actions participated in the study. Four discursive blocks have emerged from the analysis: tuberculosis diagnosis process; meeting, communication and discussion of treatment; local strategies for tuberculosis control; involvement of family and community leaders in the tuberculosis control...
April 6, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395659/abelmoschus-manihot-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-versus-losartan-potassium-for-treating-iga-nephropathy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ping Li, Yi-Zhi Chen, Hong-Li Lin, Zhao-Hui Ni, Yong-Li Zhan, Rong Wang, Hong-Tao Yang, Jing-Ai Fang, Nian-Song Wang, Wen-Ge Li, Xue-Feng Sun, Xiang-Mei Chen
BACKGROUND: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is one of the most common primary glomerular diseases worldwide, but effective therapy remains limited and many patients progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Only angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I)/angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARB) show a high level of evidence (1B level) of being of value in the treatment for IgAN according to the 2012 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guidelines. However, traditional Chinese medicine has raised attention in kidney disease research...
April 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394974/-ricardo-cruz-coke-md-former-associate-editor-revista-m%C3%A3-dica-de-chile
#6
Humberto Reyes B
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389316/maintenance-therapy-with-vinflunine-plus-best-supportive-care-versus-best-supportive-care-alone-in-patients-with-advanced-urothelial-carcinoma-with-a-response-after-first-line-chemotherapy-maja-sogug-2011-02-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-open-label-phase
#7
Jesus García-Donas, Albert Font, Begoña Pérez-Valderrama, José Antonio Virizuela, Miquel Ángel Climent, Susana Hernando-Polo, José Ángel Arranz, Maria Del Mar Llorente, Nuria Lainez, José Carlos Villa-Guzmán, Begoña Mellado, Aránzazu González Del Alba, Daniel Castellano, Enrique Gallardo, Urbano Anido, Xavier García Del Muro, Montserrat Domènech, Javier Puente, Rafael Morales-Barrera, Jose Luis Pérez-Gracia, Joaquim Bellmunt
BACKGROUND: Maintenance therapy improves outcomes in various tumour types, but cumulative toxic effects limit the choice of drugs. We investigated whether maintenance therapy with vinflunine would delay disease progression in patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma who had achieved disease control with first-line chemotherapy. METHODS: We did a randomised, controlled, open-label, phase 2 trial in 21 Spanish hospitals. Eligible patients had locally advanced, surgically unresectable, or metastatic transitional-cell carcinoma of the urothelial tract, adequate organ function, and disease control after four to six cycles of cisplatin and gemcitabine (carboplatin allowed after cycle four)...
April 4, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386292/dendrobium-officinale-kimura-et-migo-a-review-on-its-ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-industrialization
#8
REVIEW
Hanxiao Tang, Tianwen Zhao, Yunjie Sheng, Ting Zheng, Lingzhu Fu, Yongsheng Zhang
Ethnopharmacological Relevance. Dendrobii Officinalis Caulis, the stems of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo, as a tonic herb in Chinese materia medica and health food in folk, has been utilized for the treatment of yin-deficiency diseases for decades. Methods. Information for analysis of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo was obtained from libraries and Internet scientific databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, Wiley InterScience, Ingenta, Embase, CNKI, and PubChem. Results...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382237/the-pathophysiology-of-perceived-social-isolation-effects-on-health-and-mortality
#9
REVIEW
Adnan Bashir Bhatti, Anwar Ul Haq
Perceived social isolation (PSI) is a deficit in normal human social interaction, which has been associated with negative health outcomes. However, the precise mechanisms through which PSI influences human health are not fully known. This review aims at bringing out what is known about these pathways through which social isolation affects human health. We searched PubMed, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE), Psychological Information Database (PsycINFO), and Cochrane Library in addition to secondary references from primary journal articles for the most relevant and recent information concerning the research topic...
January 24, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380162/positive-deviance-as-a-strategy-to-prevent-and-control-bloodstream-infections-in-intensive-care
#10
Francimar Tinoco de Oliveira, Maria Manuela Frederico Ferreira, Silvia Teresa Carvalho de Araújo, Amanda Trindade Teixeira de Bessa, Advi Catarina Barbachan Moraes, Marluci Andrade Conceição Stipp
OBJECTIVE: To describe the application of positive deviance as a strategy to prevent and control bloodstream infections. METHOD: An intervention study with nursing and medical team members working in an intensive care unit in a university hospital, between June and December 2014. The four steps of the positive defiance methodology were applied: to define, to determine, to discover and to design. RESULTS: In 90 days, 188 actions were observed, of these, 36...
April 3, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377655/efficacy-of-various-intracanal-medicaments-in-human-primary-teeth-with-necrotic-pulp-against-candida-biofilms-an-in-vivo-study
#11
Jophie V Paikkatt, Sheela Sreedharan, Beena Philomina, V P Kannan, Madhu Santhakumar, Tv Anupam Kumar
BACKGROUND: Candida has been associated with cases of secondary and persistent root canal infections. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of commonly used intracanal medicament against Candida biofilms found in root canals of human primary teeth with necrotic pulp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pulp canals of 45 single-rooted primary maxillary anterior teeth with pulp necrosis in 34 children were included in the study. They were divided into three groups of 15 samples each - group I: Ca(OH)2 (calcium hydroxide); group II: 1% chlorhexidine gel (CHX); and group III: 1% metronidazole gel...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377654/a-comparative-study-of-ion-diffusion-from-calcium-hydroxide-with-various-herbal-pastes-through-dentin
#12
Priyanka Dausage, Rajesh B Dhirawani, Jayant Marya, Vrinda Dhirawani, Vijayendra Kumar
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diffusion ability of ions through dentinal tubules of different nonalcoholic calcium hydroxide-containing herbal pastes and compare it with the calcium hydroxide paste prepared with saline. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 single-rooted premolar teeth were used in this study. The tooth crowns were removed and the root canals were prepared. Depending on the vehicle to be used for preparing calcium hydroxide pastes, six groups were made: Group I: Ca(OH)2 saline paste (control group), group II: Ca(OH)2 papaya latex paste, group III: Ca(OH)2 coconut water paste, group IV: Ca(OH)2 Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) paste, group V: Ca(OH)2 Tulsi (Ocimum tenuiflorum) paste, and group VI: Ca(OH)2 garlic (Allium sativum) paste...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377653/clinical-and-radiological-evaluation-of-turmeric-powder-as-a-pulpotomy-medicament-in-primary-teeth-an-in-vivo-study
#13
Rajiv N Purohit, Manohar Bhatt, Kanchan Purohit, Jitendra Acharya, Rajesh Kumar, Rakesh Garg
Many plants with biological and antimicrobiological properties have been studied since there has been a relevant increase in the incidence of antibiotic overuse and misuse. In dentistry, phytomedicines have been used as anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, analgesic, and sedative agents. Turmeric is used extensively in foods for its flavor and color, as well as having a long tradition of use in the Chinese and Ayurvedic systems of medicine, particularly as an anti-inflammatory and for the treatment of flatulence, jaundice, menstrual difficulties, hematuria, hemorrhage, and colic...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375036/new-developments-in-the-pharmacotherapeutic-management-of-heart-failure-in-elderly-patients-concerns-and-considerations
#14
Elles M Screever, Wouter C Meijers, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Rudolf A de Boer
Heart failure (HF) remains a major public health problem worldwide, affecting approximately 23 million patients, and is predominantly a disease of the elderly population. Elderly patients mostly suffer from HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), which often presents with multiple co-morbidities and they require multiple medical treatments. This, together with the heterogeneous phenotype of HFpEF, makes it a difficult syndrome to diagnose and treat. Areas covered: Although HF is most abundant in the elderly, this group is still underrepresented in clinical trials, which results in the lack of evidence-based medical regimens...
April 17, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365926/total-and-free-iodothyronine-changes-in-response-to-transport-of-equidae-equus-asinus-and-equus-caballus
#15
Esterina Fazio, Pietro Medica, Cristina Cravana, Adriana Ferlazzo
In this study the effects of short distance road transport on total and free iodothyronine changes in 12 stallions (Equus asinus and Equus caballus) were evaluated. Donkeys (n = 6) and horses (n = 6) were transported for a distance of 50 km. Blood samples were collected 1 week before transport in basal conditions, 1 week later immediately before loading, and after transport and unloading. After transport, donkeys showed significant increases in circulating T4 (P≤0.01), fT3 (P≤0.001), and fT4 (P≤0.01) levels; while horses had significant increases in circulating T3, fT3 and fT4 (P≤0...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360252/state-of-reporting-of-primary-biomedical-research-a-scoping-review-protocol
#16
Guowei Li, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Zainab Samaan, Yanling Jin, Ikunna Nwosu, Mitchell A H Levine, Jonathan D Adachi, Lehana Thabane
INTRODUCTION: Incomplete or inconsistent reporting remains a major concern in the biomedical literature. Incomplete or inconsistent reporting may yield the published findings unreliable, irreproducible or sometimes misleading. In this study based on evidence from systematic reviews and surveys that have evaluated the reporting issues in primary biomedical studies, we aim to conduct a scoping review with focuses on (1) the state-of-the-art extent of adherence to the emerging reporting guidelines in primary biomedical research, (2) the inconsistency between protocols or registrations and full reports and (3) the disagreement between abstracts and full-text articles...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349910/good-bugs-vs-bad-bugs-evaluation-of-inhibitory-effect-of-selected-probiotics-against-enterococcus-faecalis
#17
Aarti A Bohora, Sharad R Kokate
INTRODUCTION: The main goal of endodontics is the prevention of apical periodontitis. This is due to the presence of persistent pathogenic microorganisms, such as Enterococcus faecalis, and its ability to directly cause acute and chronic inflammation in the periapical tissues. Lactobacillus has been shown to promote health in the intestines as well as to inhibit the growth of certain problematic oral bacteria. This study explores shifting the established paradigm of endodontic treatment, which has focused on eliminating all bacteria from the canal system and on elimination of the problematic bacteria through introducing probiotics...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349909/cariogenic-potential-of-the-commonly-prescribed-pediatric-liquid-medicaments-in-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-an-in-vitro-study
#18
Megha Gupta, Suman Panda
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the cariogenic potential of the commonly prescribed pediatric liquid medicaments (PLMs) for dental disease in Jazan region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven most commonly prescribed PLMs were selected by prior questioning the pediatric dentists as well as general dentists in Jazan region. The endogenous pH and sucrose concentrations of the liquid medicaments were assessed. The endogenous pH was assessed by Hanna pH meter instrument...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336173/effects-of-artesunate-on-some-biochemical-parameters-in-pregnant-albino-wistar-rats-challenged-with-lethal-strain-plasmodium-berghei-nk65-appreciating-the-activities-of-artemisinin-drugs-on-key-pregnancy-hormone-balance
#19
Chinaka O Nwaehujor, Onyeka V Asuzu, Daniel D Nwibo, Obichukwu C Nwobi, Ihechiluru I Ezeigbo
In humans, malaria in pregnancy can cause serious maternal and foetal morbidity and in extreme untreated cases, foetal mortality occurs. The therapeutic approach to curbing this malaise is the administration of an effective and/or combinations of anti-malaria medicaments. Acute or chronic administration of some of these drugs, however, gives rise to some adverse medical conditions including reproductive dysfunction, especially in pregnancy. Studies aimed at the hormonal interplays following administration of these drugs in pregnancy have been limited due to too few appropriate animal models...
March 20, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335170/stenting-of-long-femoro-popliteal-lesions-tasc-c-and-d-a-pilot-study-on-the-feasibility-of-the-local-delivery-of-paclitaxel-and-its-effectiveness-to-prevent-restenosis-streamer-stent-restenosis-and-medicaments-release
#20
Nellie Della Schiava, Iris Naudin, Valérie Plattner Drci, Jérôme Guitton, Christine Pivot, Delphine Maucort-Boulch, Patrick Feugier, Antoine Millon, Patrick Lermusiaux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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