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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645890/tailored-communication-within-mobile-apps-for-diabetes-self-management-a-systematic-review
#1
Heidi Holmen, Astrid Klopstad Wahl, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Lis Ribu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing and with the requirements for self-management and risk of late complications, it remains a challenge for the individual and society. Patients can benefit from support from health care personnel in their self-management, and the traditional communication between patients and health care personnel is changing. Smartphones and apps offer a unique platform for communication, but apps with integrated health care personnel communication based on patient data are yet to be investigated to provide evidence of possible effects...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645768/robot-assisted-training-for-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Eddy Yy Cheung, Thomas Kw Ng, Kevin Kk Yu, Rachel Lc Kwan, Gladys Ly Cheing
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of robotic-assisted training on the recovery of people with spinal cord injury (SCI). DATA SOURCE: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs involving people with SCI that compared robotic-assisted upper limbs or lower limbs training to a control of other treatment approach or no treatment. We included studies involving people with complete or incomplete spinal cord injuries. STUDY SELECTION: We searched in Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Cochrane Library) and Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE) to August, 2016...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634136/tongxie-formula-reduces-symptoms-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#3
Heng Fan, Liang Zheng, Yaoliang Lai, Weimin Lu, Zhixiang Yan, Qi Xiao, Baiwen Li, Min Tang, Dawei Huang, Yuanyuan Wang, Zhen Li, Yuwei Mei, Zhengyan Jiang, Xingxing Liu, Qing Tang, Dongmei Zuo, Jingyi Ye, Yongqiang Yang, Huisuo Huang, Zongxiang Tang, Jun Xiao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common chronic gastrointestinal disorder, yet few drugs are effective in reducing symptoms. Approximately 50% of patients with IBS attempt herbal therapy at least once. We performed a randomized controlled trial to compare the efficacy of the herb formulation tongxie vs placebo or pinaverium (an antispasmodic agent) in reducing symptoms of IBS. METHODS: We performed a trial of 1044 adult patients with IBS (based on Rome III criteria) at 5 hospitals in China, from August 2012 through January 2015...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625077/microbiome-and-microbial-biofilm-profiles-of-peri-implantitis-a-systematic-review
#4
Gloria Inés Lafaurie, María Alejandra Sabogal, Diana Marcela Castillo, María Victoria Rincón, Luz Amparo Gómez, Yamil Augusto Lesmes, Leandro Chambrone
BACKGROUND: This systematic review assesses the microbiological profiles of peri-implantitis, periodontitis and healthy implants based on studies that evaluated microbial biofilms and entire microbiomes to establish their similarities and differences. METHODS: The Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, via PubMed, EMBASE (Excerpta Medica Database) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched without language restrictions through July 30, 2016...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624758/prevalence-incidence-and-aetiologies-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#5
Jean Joel Bigna, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde
INTRODUCTION: There are no data summarising the epidemiology of pulmonary hypertension (PH) among adults residing in Africa. Establishment of accurate epidemiological data on PH in this region may guide decision-making toward interventions to curb the burden of PH in Africa. The aim of this systematic review is to determine the prevalence, incidence and aetiologies of PH among people residing in Africa. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This systematic review and meta-analysis will follow the MOOSE guidelines for reporting...
June 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620977/2016-ase-undergraduate-essay-competition-candidate-information
#6
Alice Chen
The aim of this review is to discuss the role of medicaments and materials used in teeth undergoing root canal treatment and how they affect the overall prognosis of root canal treated teeth. Irrigants, medicaments and materials play a vital role in RCT. They reduce the overall microbial load within the root canal system, help reduce inter-appointment pain, and induce apexification during RCT of permanent teeth with immature apices. In addition, they also help create a hermetic coronal and periradicular seal to entomb any residual microorganisms within the canals and prevent future ingress of contaminants into the root canal system and subsequent reinfection...
June 15, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620565/pattern-and-predictors-of-unmet-supportive-care-needs-in-cancer-patients
#7
REVIEW
Paul T Okediji, Omolola Salako, Olamijulo O Fatiregun
The incidence of cancers is increasing and this is associated with an increase in the burden of the disease. Patients with cancer have to deal with reduced physical functioning, emotional instability, difficulty in concentrating, and an overall diminished feeling of well-being. This creates deficits that have not been well catered for by traditional cancer care, leading to an overall dissatisfaction with care and a reduced quality of life. This review aims at assessing the pattern of unmet needs in cancer patients and to provide information as to the factors that influence the perception of unmet needs...
May 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619308/what-the-public-think-about-hypnosis-and-hypnotherapy-a-narrative-review-of-literature-covering-opinions-and-attitudes-of-the-general-public-1996-2016
#8
REVIEW
Matthew Krouwel, Kate Jolly, Sheila Greenfield
OBJECTIVES: To describe the public's understanding of hypnosis and openness to hypnotherapy. METHODS: A comprehensive search of English language peer reviewed journal articles from 1st January 1996-11th March 2016 was performed over 9 databases (Medline, PubMed, PsycARTICLES, CINAHL, Embase (excerpta medica), PsychInfo, Cochrane, Science citation index-expanded, Conference citation index) and a title-only search of Google scholar. 39 keyword combinations were employed: hypnosis, hypnotherapy, hypnotic, perception, beliefs, knowledge, view, opinion and understanding, in singular and plural where appropriate...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618987/synthesis-of-new-thiazolyl-coupled-pyrazoles-bearing-2-4-thiazolidinedionyl-pharmacophore-and-their-anti-inflammatory-and-antibacterial-evaluation
#9
Lalit Khillare, Manisha Bhosle, Mahendra Bhalerao, Kiran Kharat, Ramrao Mane
BACKGROUND: 2, 4-Thiazolidinedione (TZD), pyrazole and thiazole heterocyclic rings exhibit wide range of pharmacological activities. Medicinal chemists use these heterocyclic moieties as scaffolds in drug designing and discovery. The existing medicaments, celecoxib and meloxicam, used for treating inflammation and pain are having, pyrazole and thiazole, respectively as a key scaffolds. Pyrazoles coupled with 2, 4-thiazolidinediones may display enhanced anti inflammatory activity. With this hope the title work was carried...
June 16, 2017: Anti-inflammatory & Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611259/prevalence-risk-factors-and-survival-of-patients-with-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#10
Paulina Chinchilla-López, Nancy Aguilar-Olivos, Jaime García-Gómez, Karen Hernández-Alejandro, Fredy Chablé-Montero, Daniel Motola-Kuba, Tushar Patel, Nahum Mendez-Sánchez
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence, related risk factors, and survival of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in a Mexican population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at Medica Sur Hospital in Mexico City with approval of the local research ethics committee. We found cases by reviewing all clinical records of in-patients between October 2005 and January 2016 who had been diagnosed with malignant liver tumors. Clinical characteristics and comorbidities were obtained to evaluate the probable risk factors and the Charlson index...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607606/diagnostic-value-of-gd-eob-dtpa-mri-for-hepatocellular-adenoma-a-meta-analysis
#11
Yongfei Guo, Wenjuan Li, Zhinan Xie, Yi Zhang, Yijie Fang, Wenli Cai, Guobin Hong
Objective: This study aimed to systematically review the gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (Gd-EOB-DTPA-MRI) findings of hepatocellular adenoma (HCA), especially focusing on the diagnostic value of low signal intensity (SI) in the hepatocyte-phase (HBP) for differentiating HCA from focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH). Methods: A thorough literature search was conducted in PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE) and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases (CNKI) to identify studies evaluating Gd-EOB-DTPA-MRI presentations of HCA...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605621/the-association-between-pain-catastrophising-and-kinesiophobia-with-pain-and-function-in-people-with-plantar-heel-pain
#12
Matthew Cotchett, Angus Lennecke, Virginia G Medica, Glen A Whittaker, Daniel R Bonanno
BACKGROUND: Psychological variables, including catastrophic thoughts and kinesiophobia, are common in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain and are associated with pain and function. However, the role of each factor has not been evaluated in people with plantar heel pain (plantar fasciitis). METHODS: Thirty-six participants diagnosed with plantar heel pain were recruited. Main outcome measures included the Pain Catastrophising Scale, Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia, the Foot Health Status Questionnaire and a Visual Analogue Scale...
March 20, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601832/global-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-patients-with-tuberculosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#13
Aurel T Tankeu, Jean Joël Bigna, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Francky Teddy A Endomba, Guy Sadeu Wafeu, Arnaud D Kaze, Jean Jacques Noubiap
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an important risk factor for active tuberculosis (TB), which also adversely affect TB treatment outcomes. The escalating global DM epidemic is fuelling the burden of TB and should therefore be a major target in the strategy for ending TB. This review aims to estimate the global prevalence of DM in patients with TB. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This systematic review will include cross-sectional, case-control or cohort studies of populations including patients diagnosed with TB that have reported the prevalence of DM using one of the fourth standard recommendations for screening and diagnosis...
June 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595537/capillaroscopic-findings-in-primary-fibromyalgia
#14
Sevdalina Lambova, Ulf Müller-Ladner
: Introduction: Although Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is observed in a significant proportion of patients with primary fibromyalgia, the available data on capillaroscopic findings in primary fibromyalgia are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the capillaroscopic pattern in patients with primary fibromyalgia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 26 patients with primary fibromyalgia (25 women and 1 man) were included in the study. Mean age was 55±10 years...
June 7, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594829/mendel-md-a-user-friendly-open-source-web-tool-for-analyzing-wes-and-wgs-in-the-diagnosis-of-patients-with-mendelian-disorders
#15
Raony G C C L Cardenas, Natália D Linhares, Raquel L Ferreira, Sérgio D J Pena
Whole exome and whole genome sequencing have both become widely adopted methods for investigating and diagnosing human Mendelian disorders. As pangenomic agnostic tests, they are capable of more accurate and agile diagnosis compared to traditional sequencing methods. This article describes new software called Mendel,MD, which combines multiple types of filter options and makes use of regularly updated databases to facilitate exome and genome annotation, the filtering process and the selection of candidate genes and variants for experimental validation and possible diagnosis...
June 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593774/-two-years-of-pharmacological-termination-of-pregnancy-in%C3%A2-the-silesian-hospital-opava-success-and-lessons
#16
A Šefčíková, L Šimková, A Dörr
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to summarize our departments experience with pharmacological termination of pregnancy up to 49 days of amenorrhea, to assess the success, and especially, to offer a closer analysis of the complications of this method. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics at the Silesian Hospital. METHODS: The monitored sample consisted of 161 female patients who underwent pharmacological termination of pregnancy at our department from 1...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591505/-the-enarm-and-the-schools-and-faculties-of-medicine-an-analysis-that-nobody-will-like
#17
Manuel Ramiro-H, J Enrique Cruz-A, Lydia Zerón-Gutiérrez, Angel Arévalo-Vargas
In Mexico, the career of Doctor of Medicine has been considered as a prerequisite stage to access the specialization. Of course the majority of medical graduates aspire to undertake postgraduate courses in the different institutions that have a university program. The Examen Nacional de Aspirantes a Residencias Médicas (ENARM) (National Evaluation for Medical Residency Applicants) has become for the supporters a gap between the possibility of practicing the profession in a decent way and with a regular remuneration or exercising it in very limited conditions and with low economic income or even without exercising it...
July 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591357/use-of-health-services-by-brazilian-older-adults-with-and-without-functional-limitation
#18
Alexandre Moreira de Melo Silva, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, Sérgio Viana Peixoto, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the use of health services and the quality of medical care received by Brazilian older adults with and without functional limitation. METHODS: The main analyses were based on a national sample representing 23,815 participants of the National Survey on Health (PNS) aged 60 years or older. Functional limitation was defined by the difficulty to perform at least one out of ten basic or instrumental activities of daily living. Potential confounding variables included predisposing and enabling factors of the use of health services...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591356/early-detection-of-breast-cancer-in-brazil-data-from-the-national-health-survey-2013
#19
Gulnar Azevedo E Silva, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza-Júnior, Giseli Nogueira Damacena, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald
OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether the actions of early detection of breast cancer, initiated with the medical request for mammography, differ between users of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) and those who have private health insurance. METHODS: From the data collected in the National Health Survey, we estimated the proportions of women who had medical request for mammography according to presence or absence of private health insurance. For assessing the factors related to having mammography medical request, we estimated crude and adjusted odds ratios and respective 95%CI by logistic regression...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591353/noncommunicable-diseases-and-the-use-of-health-services-analysis-of-the-national-health-survey-in-brazil
#20
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Margareth Guimarães Lima, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Maria Imaculada de Fátima Freitas, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether sex, education level, and health insurance affect the use of health services among the adult Brazilian population with chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCD). METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional survey were analyzed, the National Health Survey (PNS). Frequency of use of services in the population that referred at least one NCD were compared with the frequency from a population that did not report NCD, according to sex, education level, health insurance, and NCD number (1, 2, 3, 4, or more)...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
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