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Post traumatic headache

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162097/is-age-associated-with-the-severity-of-post-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-symptoms
#1
Tina Hu, Cindy Hunt, Donna Ouchterlony
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a significant public health concern. Research has shown that mTBI is associated with persistent physical, cognitive, and behavioural symptoms, leading to significant direct and indirect medical costs. Our objective was to determine if age impacts the type and severity of post-mTBI symptoms experienced. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data at a level 1 tertiary care outpatient head injury clinic...
February 6, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153668/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-and-tinnitus-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-a-chronic-effects-of-neurotrauma-consortium-study
#2
A A Swan, J T Nelson, B Swiger, C A Jaramillo, B C Eapen, M Packer, M J Pugh
The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of hearing loss and tinnitus in a cohort of Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans (IAV) with common post-deployment conditions, including traumatic brain injury (TBI), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other typical post-concussive conditions such as headaches and vertigo/dizziness. This retrospective observational study used data from the national Veterans Health Administration (VA) data repository from fiscal years 2001-2014. Veteran data was included if there were at least three years of VA care, with one or more years of care in 2007 or after...
January 31, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151589/from-blast-to-bench-a-translational-mini-review-of-posttraumatic-headache
#3
REVIEW
Laura S Moye, Amynah A Pradhan
Current events within the military and professional sports have resulted in an increased recognition of the long-term and debilitating consequences of traumatic brain injury. Mild traumatic brain injury accounts for the majority of head injuries, and posttraumatic headache is the most common adverse effect. It is estimated that between 30% to 90% of traumatic brain injuries result in posttraumatic headache, and for a significant number of people this headache disorder can continue for up to and over a year post injury...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127753/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-outpatient-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-of-chronic-headache-patients
#4
Steven J Krause, Mark J Stillman, Deborah E Tepper, Deborah Zajac
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of an intensive outpatient program designed to improve functioning and reduce psychological impairment in chronic headache patients. BACKGROUND: Chronic headaches, occurring 15 or more days per month, for three or more months, may arise from multiple International Classification of Headache Disorders diagnoses: Chronic Migraine, Chronic Tension Type Headache, New Daily Persistent Headache, Chronic Post Traumatic Headaches, and Medication Overuse Headache...
January 27, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114873/cogniphobia-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Noah D Silverberg, Grant L Iverson, William Panenka
Cogniphobia refers to avoidance of mental exertion due to a fear of developing or exacerbating a headache. Headaches are very common after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and often become chronic. Cogniphobia is hypothesized to contribute to poor cognitive test performance and persistent disability in some patients with MTBI. Eighty patients with MTBI and post-traumatic headaches were recruited from specialty outpatient clinics. They completed a battery of questionnaires (including a cogniphobia scale) and neuropsychological tests (the National Institutes of Health Toolbox Cognition Battery and the Medical Symptom Validity Test) at 2-3 months post injury, in a cross-sectional design...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114091/-virtual-reality-therapy-in-anxiety-disorders
#6
V Mitrousia, O Giotakos
During the last decade a number of studies have been conducted in order to examine if virtual reality exposure therapy can be an alternative form of therapy for the treatment of mental disorders and particularly for the treatment of anxiety disorders. Imaginal exposure therapy, which is one of the components of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, cannot be easily applied to all patients and in cases like those virtual reality can be used as an alternative or a supportive psychotherapeutic technique. Most studies using virtual reality have focused on anxiety disorders, mainly in specific phobias, but some extend to other disorders such as eating disorders, drug dependence, pain control and palliative care and rehabilitation...
October 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089558/startle-suppression-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-is-associated-with-an-increase-in-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-reactive-gliosis-and-neuronal-loss-in-the-caudal-pontine-reticular-nucleus
#7
Swamini P Sinha, Pelin Avcu, Kevin M Spiegler, Sreeya Komaravolu, Kevin Kim, Tara Cominski, Richard J Servatius, Kevin C H Pang
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) can produce somatic symptoms such as headache, dizziness, fatigue, sleep disturbances and sensorimotor dysfunction. Sensorimotor function can be measured by tests such as the acoustic startle reflex (ASR), an evolutionarily conserved defensive response to a brief yet sharp acoustic stimulus. mTBI produces a long-lasting suppression of ASR in rodents and humans; however, the mechanism of this suppression is unknown. The present study examined whether inflammatory processes in the brainstem (particularly the caudal pontine reticular nucleus, PnC) could account for the suppression of ASR after mTBI, because the PnC is an essential nucleus of the ASR circuit...
January 10, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036062/an-unusual-case-of-post-traumatic-headache-complicated-by-intracranial-hypotension
#8
Sara Siavoshi, Carrie Dougherty, Jessica Ailani, Kaustubh Yadwadkar, Frank Berkowitz
We present a case of post-traumatic headache complicated by intracranial hypotension resulting in an acquired Chiari malformation and myelopathy with syringomyelia. This constellation of findings suggest a possible series of events that started with a traumatic cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) leak, followed by descent of the cerebellar tonsils and disruption of CSF circulation that caused spinal cord swelling and syrinx. This unusual presentation of post-traumatic headache highlights the varying presentations and the potential sequelae of intracranial hypotension...
December 29, 2016: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929328/association-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-with-migraine-and-headache-after-a-natural-disaster
#9
Mariana C Arcaya, Sarah R Lowe, Asad L Asad, S V Subramanian, Mary C Waters, Jean Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: Previous research shows that migraine and general headache symptoms increase after traumatic events. Questions remain about whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) produces migraine/headache symptoms, or if individuals afflicted by migraine/headache are especially likely to develop PTSD. We test whether PTSD symptoms following a natural disaster are associated with higher odds of reporting frequent headaches/migraines postdisaster. We decompose PTSD into intrusion, avoidance, and hyperarousal symptom clusters to examine which, if any, are uniquely related to headache/migraine postdisaster...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927072/natural-history-of-headache-five-years-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Arthur Stacey, Sylvia Lucas, Sureyya Dikmen, Nancy Temkin, Kathleen R Bell, Allen Brown, Robert Brunner, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Thomas K Watanabe, Alan Weintraub, Jeanne M Hoffman
Headache is one of the most frequently reported symptoms following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Little is known about how these headaches change over time. We describe the natural history of headache in individuals with moderate to severe TBI over 5 years after injury. A total of 316 patients were prospectively enrolled and followed at 3, 6, 12, and 60 months after injury. Individuals were 72% male, 73% white, and 55% injured in motor vehicle crashes, with an average age of 42. Pre-injury headache was reported in 17% of individuals...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919019/induction-of-calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-expression-in-rats-by-cortical-spreading-depression
#11
Yan Wang, Anne E Tye, Junli Zhao, Dongqing Ma, Ann C Raddant, Fan Bu, Benjamin L Spector, Nolan K Winslow, Minyan Wang, Andrew F Russo
OBJECTIVE: The neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) has now been established as a key player in migraine. However, the mechanisms underlying the reported elevation of CGRP in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid of some migraineurs are not known. A candidate mechanism is cortical spreading depression (CSD), which is associated with migraine with aura and traumatic brain injury. The aim of this study was to investigate whether CGRP gene expression may be induced by experimental CSD in the rat cerebral cortex...
November 9, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899434/development-of-cgrp-dependent-pain-and-headache-related-behaviours-in-a-rat-model-of-concussion-implications-for-mechanisms-of-post-traumatic-headache
#12
Dara Bree, Dan Levy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic headache (PTH) is one of the most common, debilitating and difficult symptoms to manage after a mild traumatic brain injury, or concussion. However, the mechanisms underlying PTH remain elusive, in part due to the lack of a clinically relevant animal model. Here, we characterized for the first time, headache and pain-related behaviours in a rat model of concussion evoked by a mild closed head injury (mCHI) - the major type of military and civilian related trauma associated with PTH - and tested responses to current and novel headache therapies...
November 29, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856122/evaluation-of-a-follow-up-program-for-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-schoolchildren
#13
R Nowacki, N van Eldik, M Eikens, R Roijen, N Haga, D Schott, T Simons-Sporken, M Wennekes
INTRODUCTION: Mild traumatic brain injury is a common condition in childhood. Although classified as mild, post-concussive symptoms may persist and interfere with daily activities. Because no established guidelines exist with respect to follow-up medical care for these children, there may be a delay in receiving appropriate care. We developed a follow up program to screen for persistent symptoms and if necessary, refer patients for further medical assistance. METHODS: From July 2010 until December 2013, eligible children aged 4-18 years who presented after sustaining a mild traumatic brain injury were included...
November 2, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731894/patterns-of-use-of-peripheral-nerve-blocks-and-trigger-point-injections-for-pediatric-headache-results-of-a-survey-of-the-american-headache-society-pediatric-and-adolescent-section
#14
Christina L Szperka, Amy A Gelfand, Andrew D Hershey
OBJECTIVE: To describe current patterns of use of nerve blocks and trigger point injections for treatment of pediatric headache. BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve blocks are often used to treat headaches in adults and children, but the available studies and practice data from adult headache specialists have shown wide variability in diagnostic indications, sites injected, and medication(s) used. The purpose of this study was to describe current practice patterns in the use of nerve blocks and trigger point injections for pediatric headache disorders...
November 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709555/post-concussive-syndrome-a-focus-on-post-traumatic-headache-and-related-cognitive-psychiatric-and-sleep-issues
#15
REVIEW
Mia T Minen, Alexandra Boubour, Harjasleen Walia, William Barr
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is a secondary headache disorder following traumatic brain injury. We sought to examine the recent literature on PTH and associated cognitive, psychiatric, and sleep conditions to understand the latest findings about the associated conditions and available screening tools, and to understand the available treatment options for PTH. RECENT FINDINGS: Up to one third of PTH patients may have depression and about one quarter may have insomnia...
November 2016: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644346/migraine-patients-have-a-higher-prevalence-of-ptsd-symptoms-in-comparison-to-chronic-tension-type-headache-and-healthy-subjects-a-case-control-study
#16
Mohammad Reza Zarei, Mohammad Shabani, Goli Chamani, Fatemeh Abareghi, Moazamehosadat Razavinasab, Masoud Nazeri
OBJECTIVE: Headache is one of the most common disorders and has a heavy socioeconomic burden on both patients and society. Previous studies have demonstrated a high prevalence of psychological issues (e.g. depression and anxiety) in headache and especially migraine patients. The current study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology in chronic migraine (CM), chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) and healthy subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: CM and CTTH subjects were selected consecutively from patients referring to the department of neurology clinic at Shafa Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran...
September 20, 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635228/pathophysiological-links-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-post-traumatic-headaches
#17
REVIEW
Robert L Ruff, Kayla Blake
This article reviews possible ways that traumatic brain injury (TBI) can induce migraine-type post-traumatic headaches (PTHs) in children, adults, civilians, and military personnel. Several cerebral alterations resulting from TBI can foster the development of PTH, including neuroinflammation that can activate neural systems associated with migraine. TBI can also compromise the intrinsic pain modulation system and this would increase the level of perceived pain associated with PTH. Depression and anxiety disorders, especially post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), are associated with TBI and these psychological conditions can directly intensify PTH...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458496/a-randomized-exploratory-study-to-evaluate-two-acupuncture-methods-for-the-treatment-of-headaches-associated-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Wayne B Jonas, Dawn M Bellanti, Charmagne F Paat, Courtney C Boyd, Alaine Duncan, Ashley Price, Weimin Zhang, Louis M French, Heechin Chae
Background: Headaches are prevalent among Service members with traumatic brain injury (TBI); 80% report chronic or recurrent headache. Evidence for nonpharmacologic treatments, such as acupuncture, are needed. Objective: The aim of this research was to determine if two types of acupuncture (auricular acupuncture [AA] and traditional Chinese acupuncture [TCA]) were feasible and more effective than usual care (UC) alone for TBI-related headache. Materials and Methods:Design: This was a three-armed, parallel, randomized exploratory study...
June 1, 2016: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455527/applications-of-transductive-spectral-graph-methods-in-a-military-medical-concussion-database
#19
Peter B Walker, Jacob N Norris, Anna E Tshiffiley, Melissa L Mehalick, Craig A Cunningham, Ian N Davidson
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most common forms of neurotrauma that has affected more than 250,000 military service members over the last decade alone. While in battle, service members who experience TBI are at significant risk for the development of normal TBI symptoms, as well as risk for the development of psychological disorders such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). As such, these service members often require intense bouts of medication and therapy in order to resume full return-to-duty status...
July 21, 2016: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357898/post-traumatic-subdural-hygroma-a-one-year-follow-up-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Esteban Ortiz-Prado, Tamara Acosta Castillo, Mauricio Olmedo Lopez, Mario A Rubio, Luis E Bermeo
Post-traumatic subdural hygroma it is an intracranial lesion, commonly misdiagnosed due to its unclear symptomatology and slow progression. Defined as the presence of cerebral spinal fluid in between the arachnoid and the duramater layers; causing a variety of symptomatology that usually depend on the amount of fluid within this space (subdural). Post traumatic subdural hygroma it's observed in 5-20% of all blunt head injuries, although its diagnosis it's usually rare among emergency departments. Prognosis is usually good due to the absence of severe complications and its spontaneous resolution in mostly of the cases...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
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