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Transcranial direct current stimulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944083/white-matter-changes-in-corticospinal-tract-associated-with-improvement-in-arm-and-hand-functions-in-incomplete-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-pilot-case-series
#1
Nuray Yozbatiran, Zafer Keser, Khader Hasan, Argyrios Stampas, Radha Korupolu, Sam Kim, Marcia K O'Malley, Felipe Fregni, Gerard E Francisco
INTRODUCTION: This is a prospective clinical pilot case series. Improvement of arm and hand functions after spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the major rehabilitation goals. Electrical stimulation of the primary motor cortex via transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) coupled with high-intensity repetitive motor training may have potential to facilitate improvement in motor function in chronic, incomplete cervical SCI. We investigated the relationship between motor recovery and changes in white matter integrity in response to treatment intervention...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943844/editorial-revisiting-the-effectiveness-of-transcranial-direct-current-brain-stimulation-for-cognition-evidence-challenges-and-open-questions
#2
EDITORIAL
Evangelia G Chrysikou, Marian E Berryhill, Marom Bikson, H Branch Coslett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938852/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-improves-executive-dysfunctions-in-adhd-implications-for-inhibitory-control-interference-control-working-memory-and-cognitive-flexibility
#3
Vahid Nejati, Mohammad Ali Salehinejad, Michael A Nitsche, Asal Najian, Amir-Homayoun Javadi
OBJECTIVE: This study examined effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) on major executive functions (EFs), including response inhibition, executive control, working memory (WM), and cognitive flexibility/task switching in ADHD. METHOD: ADHD children received (a) left anodal/right cathodal DLPFC tDCS and (b) sham stimulation in Experiment 1 and (a) left anodal DLPFC/right cathodal OFC tDCS, (b) left cathodal DLPFC/right anodal OFC tDCS, and (c) sham stimulation in Experiment 2...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937993/anaesthesia-not-number-of-sessions-influences-the-magnitude-and-duration-of-an-ahf-rtms-in-dogs
#4
Robrecht Dockx, Kathelijne Peremans, Lise Vlerick, Nick Van Laeken, Jimmy H Saunders, Ingeborgh Polis, Filip De Vos, Chris Baeken
BACKGROUND: Currently, the rat has been a useful animal model in brain stimulation research. Nevertheless, extrapolating results from rodent repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) research to humans contains several hurdles. This suggests the desperate need for a large animal model in translational rTMS research. The dog would be a valid choice, not only due to the fact that humans and dogs share a neurophysiological background, but a similar neuropathological background as well...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937310/remotely-supervised-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-fatigue-in-multiple-sclerosis-results-from-a-randomized-sham-controlled-trial
#5
Leigh E Charvet, Bryan Dobbs, Michael T Shaw, Marom Bikson, Abhishek Datta, Lauren B Krupp
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a common and debilitating feature of multiple sclerosis (MS) that remains without reliably effective treatment. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a promising option for fatigue reduction. We developed a telerehabilitation protocol that delivers tDCS to participants at home using specially designed equipment and real-time supervision (remotely supervised transcranial direct current stimulation (RS-tDCS)). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether tDCS can reduce fatigue in individuals with MS...
September 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934620/clinical-utility-and-tolerability-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#6
Venkatachalam Murugaraja, V Shivakumar, Palanimuthu T Sivakumar, Preeti Sinha, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
BACKGROUND: Neuromodulatory interventions like transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is emerging as a potential therapeutic strategy to promote cognitive function in healthy and pathological aging. There is need for more studies evaluating the utility and tolerability of tDCS in Mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Since MCI is considered as the prodromal stage of dementia, it has emerged as the most important target for intervention in dementia. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: This study investigated the feasibility, tolerability and clinical utility of tDCS in patients with MCI...
September 8, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932407/effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-grip-force-control-in-patients-with-cerebellar-degeneration
#7
Liane John, Michael Küper, Thomas Hulst, Dagmar Timmann, Joachim Hermsdörfer
BACKGROUND: The control of grip forces when moving a hand held object is impaired in patients with cerebellar degeneration. We asked the question whether after-effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) applied to the lateral cerebellum or M1 improved grip force control in cerebellar patients. METHODS: Grip force control while holding an object during cyclic arm movements was assessed in patients with pure cerebellar degeneration (n = 14, mean age 50...
2017: Cerebellum & Ataxias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932016/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-combined-with-blindsight-rehabilitation-for-the-treatment-of-homonymous-hemianopia-a-report-of-two-cases
#8
Barbara Maria Matteo, Barbara Viganò, Cesare Giuseppe Cerri, Roberto Meroni, Cesare Maria Cornaggia, Cecilia Perin
[Purpose] Homonymous hemianopia is one of the most common symptoms following neurologic damage leading to impairments of functional abilities and activities of daily living. There are two main types of restorative rehabilitation in hemianopia: "border training" which involves exercising vision at the edge of the damaged visual field, and "blindsight training," which is based on exercising the unconscious perceptual functions deep inside the blind hemifield. Only border effects have been shown to be facilitated by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929795/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-depression-and-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#9
Yuma Yokoi, Zui Narita, Tomiki Sumiyoshi
Transcranial direct current stimulation, one of the neuromodulation paradigms, is attracting interest as a novel method to treat various central nervous system disorders. It is safe, portable, and cost-effective, and has been applied experimentally for patients with various neuropsychiatric conditions. For the clinical importance and preliminary positive results, growing number of randomized controlled trials to patients with depression or schizophrenia are reported, followed by systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
September 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926975/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-short-term-outcome-study
#10
Lázaro Gómez, Belkis Vidal, Carlos Maragoto, Lilia Maria Morales, Sheyla Berrillo, Héctor Vera Cuesta, Margarita Baez, Marlén Denis, Tairí Marín, Yaumara Cabrera, Abel Sánchez, Celia Alarcón, Maribel Selguera, Yaima Llanez, Lucila Dieguez, María Robinson
Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation (NIBS) is a relatively new therapeutic approach that has shown beneficial effects in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). One question to be answered is how enduring its neuromodulatory effect could be. Twenty-four patients with ASD (mean age: 12.2 years) received 20 sessions of NIBS over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (L-DLPFC). They were randomized into two groups with two (G1) or three (G2) clinical evaluations before NIBS. Both groups had a complete follow-up at six months after the intervention, with the aim of determining the short-term outcome using the total score on the Autism Behavior Checklist, Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist, and the Autism Diagnostic Interview...
September 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925375/modelling-the-effect-of-electrode-displacement-on-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs
#11
Sriharsha Ramaraju, Mohammed Ali Roula, Peter McCarthy
Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is a neuromodulatory technique that delivers a low-intensity, direct current to cortical areas with the purpose of modulating underlying brain activity. Recent studies have reported inconsistencies in tDCS outcomes. The underlying assumption of many tDCS studies has been that replication of electrode montage equates to replicating stimulation conditions. It is possible however that anatomical difference between subjects, as well as inherent inaccuracies in montage placement, could affect current flow to targeted areas...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921774/modulating-vicarious-tactile-perception-with-transcranial-electrical-current-stimulation
#12
Natalie C Bowling, Michael J Banissy
Our capacity to share the experiences of others is a critical part of social behaviour. One process thought to be important for this is vicarious perception. Passively viewing touch activates some of the same network of brain regions as the direct experience of touch. This vicarious experience is usually implicit, but for some people, viewing touch evokes conscious tactile sensations (mirror-touch synaesthesia). Recent work has attempted to induce conscious vicarious touch in those that do not normally experience these sensations, using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918680/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-disorders-of-consciousness-a-review
#13
Ye Zhang, Weiqun Song
It is a challenge to evaluate and treat the patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) in the clinic. Due to the huge costs of prolonged intensive care, the management of these patients raises great financial strain on families and important ethical questions. To date, several studies have attempted to specifically detect pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic effectiveness, until now there were no evidence-based guidelines about the treatment of patients with DOC. Recently, because of ethical and procedural limitations on the use of invasive stimulation techniques, non-invasive brain stimulation, such as the transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), has been investigated for improving the level of consciousness in patients with DOC...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917592/prefrontal-versus-motor-cortex-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-effects-on-post-surgical-opioid-use
#14
Jeffrey J Borckardt, Scott T Reeves, Cole Milliken, Brittan Carter, Thomas I Epperson, Ryan J Gunselman, Alok Madan, H Del Schutte, Harry A Demos, Mark S George
BACKGROUND: Pain is often a complaint that precedes total knee arthroplasty (TKA), however the procedure itself is associated with considerable post-operative pain lasting days to weeks which can predict longer-term surgical outcomes. Previously, we reported significant opioid-sparing effects of motor cortex transcranial direct current stimulation from a single-blind trial. In the present study, we used double-blind methodology to compare motor cortex tDCS and prefrontal cortex tDCS to both sham and active-control (active electrodes over non-pain modulating brain areas) tDCS...
September 6, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917591/increased-left-prefrontal-brain-perfusion-after-mri-compatible-tdcs-attenuates-momentary-ruminative-self-referential-thoughts
#15
Chris Baeken, Jonathan Remue, Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt, Andre R Brunoni, Sara De Witte, Romain Duprat, Ernst H W Koster, Rudi De Raedt, Guo-Rong Wu
BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive electrical stimulation technique, assumed to influence cognition and emotional processing. OBJECTIVE: However, it is unclear how tDCS influences spontaneous cognitive processes such as momentary self-referential thoughts on the neuronal level. METHODS: Forty healthy female volunteers participated in a single session sham-controlled crossover tDCS study while being in the MRI scanner...
September 6, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913915/home-use-remotely-supervised-and-remotely-controlled-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-a-systematic-review-of-the-available-evidence
#16
REVIEW
Ulrich Palm, Ulrike Kumpf, Nora Behler, Linda Wulf, Beatrice Kirsch, Jana Wörsching, Daniel Keeser, Alkomiet Hasan, Frank Padberg
OBJECTIVES: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is gaining growing importance in the treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders and is currently investigated for home-based and remotely supervised applications. METHODS: Here, we systematically review the available evidence from a database search (PubMed, ICTRP, clinicaltrials.gov) from January 2000 to May 2017. RESULTS: We detected 22 original research papers, trial protocols or trial registrations dealing with tDCS as an add-on intervention to cognitive or physiotherapeutic intervention...
September 15, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912542/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-applied-to-the-left-dorsolateral-premotor-cortex-dpmc-interferes-with-rhythm-reproduction
#17
B Pollok, C L Overhagen, A Keitel, V Krause
Movement timing in the sub-second range engages a brain network comprising cortical and sub-cortical areas. The present study aims at investigating the functional significance of the left dorsolateral premotor cortex (dPMC) for precise movement timing as determined by sensorimotor synchronization and rhythm reproduction. To this end, 18 healthy volunteers performed an auditorily paced synchronization-continuation task with the right hand. A simple reaction time task served as control condition. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) was applied over the left dPMC in order to modulate cortical excitability either with anodal or cathodal polarity or as sham stimulation...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906348/effect-of-anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-of-the-motor-cortex-on-elbow-flexor-muscle-strength-in-the-very-old
#18
Kentaro Oki, Leatha A Clark, Shinichi Amano, Brian C Clark
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Muscle weakness predisposes older adults to a fourfold increase in functional limitations and has previously been associated with reduced motor cortex excitability in aging adults. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a single session of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of the motor cortex would increase elbow flexion muscle strength and electromyographic (EMG) amplitude in very old individuals. METHODS: Eleven very old individuals-85...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903772/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-for-improving-capacity-in-activities-and-arm-function-after-stroke-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
Bernhard Elsner, Gert Kwakkel, Joachim Kugler, Jan Mehrholz
BACKGROUND: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is an emerging approach for improving capacity in activities of daily living (ADL) and upper limb function after stroke. However, it remains unclear what type of tDCS stimulation is most effective. Our aim was to give an overview of the evidence network regarding the efficacy and safety of tDCS and to estimate the effectiveness of the different stimulation types. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of randomised trials using network meta-analysis (NMA), searching the following databases until 5 July 2016: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, Web of Science, and four other databases...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902872/anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-of-the-right-anterior-temporal-lobe-did-not-significantly-affect-verbal-insight
#20
Takatsugu Aihara, Takeshi Ogawa, Takeaki Shimokawa, Okito Yamashita
Humans often utilize past experience to solve difficult problems. However, if past experience is insufficient to solve a problem, solvers may reach an impasse. Insight can be valuable for breaking an impasse, enabling the reinterpretation or re-representation of a problem. Previous studies using between-subjects designs have revealed a causal relationship between the anterior temporal lobes (ATLs) and non-verbal insight, by enhancing the right ATL while inhibiting the left ATL using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)...
2017: PloS One
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