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Fistula oesophageal

Florence Dive, Jean-Benoit le Polain de Waroux, Sophie Pierard, Geoffrey C Colin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
Aleksandr Voskoboinik, Paul B Sparks, Joseph B Morton, Geoffrey Lee, Stephen A Joseph, Joshua J Hawson, Peter M Kistler, Jonathan M Kalman
BACKGROUND: Despite technological advances, studies continue to report high complication rates for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. We sought to review complication rates for AF ablation at a high-volume centre over a 14-year period and identify predictors of complications. METHODS: We reviewed prospectively collected data from 2750 consecutive AF ablation procedures at our institution using radiofrequency energy (RF) between January 2004 and May 2017. All cases were performed under general anaesthetic with transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE), 3D-mapping and an irrigated ablation catheter...
February 3, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Friso M Rijnberg, Colin R Butler, Christian Bieli, Sonia Kumar, Reza Nouraei, Joshua Asto, Eimear McKavanagh, Paolo de Coppi, Nagarajan Muthialu, Martin J Elliott, Richard J Hewitt
OBJECTIVES: Our study describes and analyses the results from aortopexy for the treatment of airway malacia in children. METHODS: Demographic data, characteristics and preoperative, operative and outcome details, including the need for reintervention, were collected for children undergoing aortopexy between 2006 and 2016. RESULTS: One hundred patients [median age 8.2 months, interquartile range (IQR) 3.3-26.0 months] underwent aortopexy...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
A L Azakpa, O M Moulot, M Ehua, R Bankole-Sanni
Oesophageal atresia is a common malformation in which the survival rate in developed countries is around 90%, while its mortality remains very high in developing countries. Oesophageal stricture post-oesophageal atresia repair is traditionally treated by non-surgical approach. However, surgical resection of the oesophageal stricture may be necessary after the failure of dilations. We report one case of refractory oesophageal stricture post-EA repair in a 3-year-old girl, who underwent oesophageal atresia Type III repair at 11-day-old...
April 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Wanding Yang, Michael Jones, Sameer Mallick
Delayed diagnosis of tracheobronchial foreign body (FB) aspiration is not uncommon in children. It occurs when symptoms are underappreciated and/or radiological findings are overlooked. In such cases serious complications can arise, which make the diagnosis and removal of the FB much more difficult. Here, we present a case where FB aspiration was misdiagnosed as asthma after a radio-opaque FB on the chest radiograph was missed, leading to formation of a tracheo-oesophageal fistula as a rare delayed complication...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Mónica Miró, Leandre Farran, Fernando Estremiana, Jordi Miquel, Elena Escalante, Humberto Aranda, Carla Bettonica, Maica Galán
INTRODUCTION: Oesophageal reconstruction by gastroplasty with cervical anastomosis has a higher incidence of dehiscence. The aim of the study is to analyse the incidence of anastomotic leakage in patients undergoing gastroplasty with cervical anastomosis following angiographic ischaemic conditioning of the gastric conduit. METHODS: Prospective analysis of patients who underwent gastric conditioning two weeks prior to oesophageal reconstruction, from January 2001 to January 2014...
February 16, 2018: Cirugía Española
Eun-Jae Chung, Hyung Woo Ju, Yeung Kyu Yeon, Ji Seung Lee, Young Jin Lee, Ye Been Seo, Park Chan Hum
Current treatments of oesophageal diseases, such as carcinoma, congenital abnormality or trauma, require surgical intervention and oesophageal reconstruction with the stomach, jejunum or colon. However, serious side effects are possible with each treatment option. Despite tissue engineering promising to be an effective regenerative strategy, no functional solution currently exists for oesophageal reconstruction. Here, we developed an omentum-cultured oesophageal scaffold reinforced by a 3D-printed ring. The nano-structured scaffolds were wrapped into the omentum of rats and orthotopically transplanted for the repair of circumferential oesophageal defects two weeks later...
February 15, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Jin-Bao Zhou, Bao-Yang Luo, Chi-Wen Liu, Feng Zhu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the effects of early antiplatelet therapy (APT) for portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension after splenectomy with gastro-oesophageal devascularization. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 139 patients who underwent splenectomy with gastro-oesophageal devascularization for portal hypertension due to cirrhosis between April 2010 and December 2016. Based on the post-operative platelet values, we used two different APT regimens: APT was started when platelet counts were increased to 200 × 109 /L or above (group A, n = 64) or 300 × 109 /L or above (group B, n = 75)...
February 3, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Md Kabirul Islam
OBJECTIVES: Background and aim: This study has been conducted to determine the clinical presentations and surgical outcome of patients with OA admitted in a tertiary level hospital in Bangladesh. METHODS: A prospective analysis was conducted for 32 patients with confirmed OA between July 2007 and June 2015. Of them surgical correction was done in 25 cases. The other 7, in whom surgery could not be done, were excluded from the study. RESULTS: Of the 25 cases, that had been operated, 15 were full term and 52% were more than 48 hours old...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Piotr Czopnik, Michał Aporowicz, Agnieszka Niepokój-Czopnik, Tobiasz Szajerka, Paweł Domosławski
We describe a 47-year-old male who was admitted to our centre from a local emergency unit with septic shock due to suspected Boerhaave syndrome. After the diagnosis was confirmed, the patient underwent emergency surgery. Postoperatively, the patient had symptoms of acute alcoholic delirium, and developed an oesophagomediastinal fistula as the most serious local complication. Successful conservative treatment enabled complete healing of the fistula, leading to patient recovery. No late complications like oesophageal stenosis were found at 6 months from discharge...
December 30, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Ciprian Bolca, Valerian Păvăloiu, Georgiana Fotache, Mihai Dumitrescu, Andrei Bobocea, Mihai Alexe, Genoveva Cadar, Radu Stoica, Cristian Paleru, Ioan Cordoş
Introduction: Postintubation tracheoesophageal fistula is a severe complication occurring under certain conditions in patients that require prolonged mechanical ventilation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This article focuses on a sample of 11 patients with postintubation tracheoesophageal fistula, operated in our department between 2005 and 2015. The anterior approach with tracheal resection was performed in 10 of these patients, while an atypical surgical technique was preferred in a case involving a large-sized fistula...
November 2017: Chirurgia
Hemanshoo Thakkar, Manasvi Upadhyaya, Iain E Yardley
AIM: Oesophagealatresia/tracheo-oesophageal fistula (OA-TOF) is associated with tracheomalacia (TM). In our institution it is routine for OA-TOF patients to undergo dynamic flexible bronchoscopy (DFB) assessing both the site of the fistula and the presence or absence of TM. We aimed to determine the value of this investigation as a screening tool to predict subsequent symptomatic tracheomalacia in these patients. METHODS: All patients with OA-TOF who underwent DFB at the time of initial repair between June 2014 and November 2016 were included prospectively...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Yoshinori Iwata, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Kazunori Yoh, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Noriko Ishii, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction and aims: The role of capsule endoscopy (CE) in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) has yet to be established; however, it is likely that it will remain a valuable diagnostic modality in several groups of patients with LC. The primary aims of the current prospective interventional study are to examine the prevalence for small bowel lesions and transit time of CE in the gastrointestinal tract in patients with LC with oesophageal varices (EVs) requiring endoscopic therapies...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Colin Wallis, Clare A McLaren
Tracheobronchomalacia is a rare but clinically troublesome condition in paediatrics. The softening of the major airways - which can include some or all of the tracheobronchial tree can lead to symptoms ranging from the minor (harsh barking cough, recurrent chest infections) to severe respiratory difficulties including prolonged ventilator support and 'near death attacks'. The causes are broadly divided into intrinsic softening of the airway wall which is considered a primary defect (e.g. syndromes; post tracheo-oesophageal fistula repair; extreme prematurity) or secondary malacia due to external compression from vascular structures or cardiac components...
October 13, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
Bao Long Zhang, Ji Ning Sun, Na Na Liu, Fu Zhi Cao
An aorto-oesophageal fistula is a rare, life-threatening complication caused by sharp foreign bodies in the oesophagus. We report an aorto-oesophageal fistula in the inferior segment of thoracic oesophagus caused by a fish bone. Multiplanar reconstruction of computed tomography and computed tomography angiography demonstrated that a foreign body had pierced from the left posterior wall of the oesophagus into the descending aortic wall. These computed tomography images can help radiologists make the correct diagnosis and provide precise evidence for clinicians to perform a timely surgical intervention...
November 15, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Ulaş Aday, Durmuş Ali Çetin, Hüseyin Çiyiltepe, Ebubekir Gündeş, Emre Bozdağ, Aziz Serkan Senger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
Geraud Galvaing, Nicolas D'Ostrevy, Olivier Rouquette, Kasra Azarnoush
A 58-year-old man presented with fever and chest pain 11 days after atrial fibrillation catheter ablation. The diagnosis of pericardio-oesophageal fistula was made. Aggressive surgical management was decided. The patient was managed using extracorporeal life support, aortic valve replacement and a pulmonary patch, as well as an oesophageal stent. The patient was discharged from hospital approximately 2 months later. The use of a pulmonary patch is a rare but a highly effective technique that can be used in this indication...
July 4, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Alba Fricke, Holger Bannasch, Henriette F Klein, Sebastian Wiesemann, Patrick Samson-Himmelstjerna, Bernward Passlick, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Jens Hoeppner, Vincenzo Penna, Steffen U Eisenhardt, Björn G Stark, Georgios Koulaxouzidis
OBJECTIVES: Intrathoracic fistulae are among the potential sequelae of radiation therapy, empyema and abscess clearance and surgical tumour resections. Interdisciplinary plastic-reconstructive flap surgery is a helpful tool for the successful treatment of intrathoracic fistulae. METHODS: From February 2006 to April 2016, 13 patients (3 females and 10 males) underwent flap surgery for bronchial (n = 5), tracheal (n = 2), oesophageal (n = 2), post-pneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula (n = 2), tracheo-oesophageal (n = 1), gastrobronchial (n = 1) and oesophagobronchial (n = 1) fistulae...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Shintaro Katahira, Shunsuke Kawamoto, Naoki Masaki, Yukihiro Hayatsu, Tadao Matsunaga, Yoichi Haga, Yoshikatsu Saiki
OBJECTIVES: Secondary aorto-oesophageal fistula is a rare, lethal complication occurring after thoracic endovascular aneurysmal repair. The cause of secondary aorto-oesophageal fistula is unknown, but a reduction in local oesophageal mucosal blood flow (OMBF) may be a basis for such a devastating sequela. Our study aims to develop a novel blood flow sensor probe to detect changes in OMBF after thoracic stent graft implantation in an experimental swine model. METHODS: A novel laser Doppler flowmetry sensor probe incorporating an optical fibre sensor within a nasogastric tube was developed using microelectromechanical system technology...
October 30, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Kaiyu Tao, Haifeng Cheng, Zhanglong Hu, Mingjian Kong
Oesophageal foreign body is an emergency situation. Once oesophageal perforation occurs, damage and subsequent infection involving surrounding tissue or organs may ensue. We present here a rare case of aorto-oesophageal fistula which was treated with challenges. An old lady with fishbone induced oesophageal perforation, aortic pseudoaneurysm and mediastinal haematoma was treated with great vessel stent-graft placed in aortic arch, and the fish bone was removed under endoscopy thereafter. During the early follow-up period, part of the graft stent was discovered in the oesophageal perforation with no haemorrhage...
July 27, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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