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Exercises , aerobic, core stabilization

Themis M Cardinot, Thais M Lima, Ana I S Moretti, Marcia K Koike, Valeria S Nunes, Patricia M Cazita, Marta H Krieger, Patricia C Brum, Heraldo P Souza
UNLABELLED: The mechanisms by which exercise affects atherosclerotic plaque stability remain incompletely understood. We evaluated the effects of two training protocols on both atherosclerotic plaque structure and the signaling pathways involved in plaque rupture. METHODS: Male low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor knockout mice were fed a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet (HFD). One group was subjected to moderate exercise using a treadmill for 14weeks (preventive protocol)...
May 15, 2016: Life Sciences
Linda E M van den Berg, Marein M Favejee, Stephan C A Wens, Michelle E Kruijshaar, Stephan F E Praet, Arnold J J Reuser, Johannes B J Bussmann, Pieter A van Doorn, Ans T van der Ploeg
BACKGROUND: Pompe disease is a proximal myopathy. We investigated whether exercise training is a safe and useful adjuvant therapy for adult Pompe patients, receiving enzyme replacement therapy. METHODS: Training comprised 36 sessions of standardized aerobic, resistance and core stability exercises over 12 weeks. Before and after, the primary outcome measures safety, endurance (aerobic exercise capacity and distance walked on the 6 min walk test) and muscle strength, and secondary outcome measures core stability, muscle function and body composition, were evaluated...
2015: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
David Mizrahi, Carolyn Broderick, Michael Friedlander, Mary Ryan, Michelle Harrison, Kate Pumpa, Fiona Naumann
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of a combined supervised and home-based exercise intervention during chemotherapy for women with recurrent ovarian cancer. Secondary aims were to determine the impact of physical activity on physical and psychological outcomes and on chemotherapy completion rates. METHODS: Women with recurrent ovarian cancer were recruited from 3 oncology outpatient clinics in Sydney and Canberra, Australia. All participants received an individualized exercise program that consisted of 90 minutes or more of low to moderate aerobic, resistance, core stability, and balance exercise per week, for 12 weeks...
July 2015: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Erik Madssen, Vibeke Videm, Trine Moholdt, Ulrik Wisløff, Knut Hegbom, Rune Wiseth
PURPOSE: It has been demonstrated that aerobic exercise induces beneficial changes in coronary atherosclerosis via reduced necrotic core and plaque burden. Clinical factors that may be associated with favorable exercise-induced intracoronary effects are unknown. METHODS: This study used post hoc analysis of associations between baseline clinical variables and reductions in coronary necrotic core and plaque burden after aerobic exercise intervention. Coronary plaque characteristics were measured with grayscale and radiofrequency intravascular ultrasound in 36 patients (median age, 58...
November 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Mohammad Faramarzi, Ebrahim Banitalebi, Saba Nori, Shiva Farzin, Zohreh Taghavian
BACKGROUND: Omentin, chemerin and vaspin are novel adipokines that are secreted from adipose tissue and improved insulin sensitive. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of rhythmic aerobic exercise plus core stability training on serum omentin, chemerin and vaspin levels and insulin resistance (IR) of overweight women. METHODS: Forty aged healthy women (age; 25-45 years old, waist circumference [WC]>88 cm; Body Mass Index (BMI)>25 kg/m2) were selected purposely and divided in two control (N...
April 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Marein M Favejee, Linda E M van den Berg, Michelle E Kruijshaar, Stephan C A Wens, Stephan F E Praet, W W M Pim Pijnappel, Pieter A van Doorn, Johannes B J Bussmann, Ans T van der Ploeg
OBJECTIVE: To assess if a 12-week exercise intervention to improve aerobic fitness, muscle strength, and core stability also had an impact on fatigue, pain, activity, and participation in adults with Pompe disease, an inherited neuromuscular disorder. DESIGN: Open-label trial. Change was assessed by the chi-square test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test. SETTING: Physiotherapy practices. PARTICIPANTS: Mildly affected adult patients with Pompe disease who were not dependent on ventilators and/or walking devices and were receiving enzyme replacement therapy...
May 2015: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Lars Nybo, Peter Rasmussen, Michael N Sawka
This article presents a historical overview and an up-to-date review of hyperthermia-induced fatigue during exercise in the heat. Exercise in the heat is associated with a thermoregulatory burden which mediates cardiovascular challenges and influence the cerebral function, increase the pulmonary ventilation, and alter muscle metabolism; which all potentially may contribute to fatigue and impair the ability to sustain power output during aerobic exercise. For maximal intensity exercise, the performance impairment is clearly influenced by cardiovascular limitations to simultaneously support thermoregulation and oxygen delivery to the active skeletal muscle...
April 2014: Comprehensive Physiology
Sarah Clary, Cathleen Barnes, Debra Bemben, Allen Knehans, Michael Bemben
This study examined the effectiveness of Ballates training (strengthening of the central core musculature by the inception of balance techniques) compared to more traditional exercise programs, such as step aerobics and walking, on balance in women aged 50- 75 years. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three supervised training groups (1 hour/day, 3 days/week, 13 weeks), Ballates (n = 12), step aerobics (n = 17), or walking (n =15). Balance was measured by four different methods (modified Clinical Test for the Sensory Interaction on Balance - mCTSIB; Unilateral Stance with Eyes Open - US-EO or Eyes Closed - US-EC; Tandem Walk - TW; Step Quick Turn - SQT) using the NeuroCom Balance Master...
2006: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Carolina Fernández-Lao, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Isabel B López-Barajas, Rosario Del-Moral-Ávila, Ana Isabel de la-Llave-Rincón, Manuel Arroyo-Morales
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of an 8-week water physical therapy program on cervical and shoulder pain, pressure sensitivity, and the presence of trigger points (TrPs) in breast cancer survivors. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: To date, no study has investigated effects of water therapy in breast cancer. PATIENTS: Sixty-six breast cancer survivors were randomly assigned into two groups: WATER group, who received a water exercise program or CONTROL group who received the usual care treatment for breast cancer...
November 2012: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
N A Shadick, M H Liang, A J Partridge, C O Bingham III, C Bingham, E Wright, A H Fossel, A L Sheffer
BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced anaphylaxis (EIA) is a unique physical allergy that is triggered by exertion, the clinical spectrum and modifying factors of which have been previously studied. At the time of initial description, it was postulated that other factors contributed to this disorder. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the clinical course and potential modifying factors in EIA. METHODS: In 1993, we conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 671 individuals with exercise-associated symptoms for more than a decade using a validated 75-item questionnaire...
July 1999: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
B L Drinkwater, S M Horvath
Although children and older adults appear more susceptible to heat stress, the mechanisms responsible for their lower tolerance are not fully understood. Many studies dealing with the effect of age on temperature regulation have concluded that an inadequate sweating response is primarily responsible for the low tolerance of children and the elderly to exercise in the heat. However, the dependence of core temperature on relative exercise intensity and sweat rate on absolute exercise intensity makes it difficult to avoid the confounding effects of exercise on thermoregulation when aerobic power (Vo2max) varies across age groups...
1979: Medicine and Science in Sports
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