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Fritz Günther, Marco Marelli
Noun compounds, consisting of two nouns (the head and the modifier) that are combined into a single concept, differ in terms of their plausibility: school bus is a more plausible compound than saddle olive. The present study investigates which factors influence the plausibility of attested and novel noun compounds. Distributional Semantic Models (DSMs) are used to obtain formal (vector) representations of word meanings, and compositional methods in DSMs are employed to obtain such representations for noun compounds...
2016: PloS One
Wei-Te Wu, Su-Shan Tsai, Yu-Jen Lin, Ming-Hsiu Lin, Trong-Neng Wu, Tung-Sheng Shih, Saou-Hsing Liou
BACKGROUND: Professional drivers' work under conditions predisposes them for development of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the effect of SDB on CVD risk among professional drivers has never been investigated. A cohort study was used to evaluate the effectiveness of overnight pulse oximeter as a sleep apnea screening tool to assess the 8-year risk of CVD events. METHODS: The Taiwan Bus Driver Cohort Study (TBDCS) recruited 1014 professional drivers in Taiwan since 2005...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Maijke van Bloemendaal, Sicco A Bus, Charlotte E de Boer, Frans Nollet, Alexander C H Geurts, Anita Beelen
BACKGROUND: Many stroke survivors suffer from paresis of lower limb muscles, resulting in compensatory gait patterns characterised by asymmetries in spatial and temporal parameters and reduced walking capacity. Functional electrical stimulation has been used to improve walking capacity, but evidence is mostly limited to the orthotic effects of peroneal functional electrical stimulation in the chronic phase after stroke. The aim of this study is to investigate the therapeutic effects of up to 10 weeks of multi-channel functional electrical stimulation (MFES)-assisted gait training on the restoration of spatiotemporal gait symmetry and walking capacity in subacute stroke patients...
October 1, 2016: Trials
Fleur P Paling, Martin Wolkewitz, Lonneke G M Bode, Peter M C Klein Klouwenberg, David S Y Ong, Pieter Depuydt, Liesbet de Bus, Frangiscos Sifakis, Marc J M Bonten, Jan A J W Kluytmans
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the incidence of intensive care unit (ICU) acquired pneumonia caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and its association with S. aureus colonization at ICU admission. METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis of two cohort studies in critically ill patients. The primary outcome was the incidence of microbiologically confirmed S. aureus ICU-acquired pneumonia. Incidences of S. aureus ICU pneumonia and associations with S. aureus colonization at ICU admission were determined using competing risks analyses...
September 29, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
I Roland, M Gromovyi, Y Zeng, M El Kurdi, S Sauvage, C Brimont, T Guillet, B Gayral, F Semond, J Y Duboz, M de Micheli, X Checoury, P Boucaud
We demonstrate phase-matched second harmonic generation in gallium nitride on silicon microdisks. The microdisks are integrated with side-coupling bus waveguides in a two-dimensional photonic circuit. The second harmonic generation is excited with a continuous wave laser in the telecom band. By fabricating a series of microdisks with diameters varying by steps of 8 nm, we obtain a tuning of the whispering gallery mode resonances for the fundamental and harmonic waves. Phase matching is obtained when both resonances are matched with modes satisfying the conservation of orbital momentum, which leads to a pronounced enhancement of frequency conversion...
September 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
X Q Liao, J Li, Q Zhang, Y J Lan
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the lower limbs and occupational stress in bus drivers, as well as the association between occupational stress and MSDs in the lower limbs, and to provide a reference for the prevention and control of MSDs in the lower limbs in bus drivers. Methods: Cluster sampling was used to collect 598 bus drivers from those who underwent physical examination in a hospital in Chengdu, China, from June to July, 2015. The data on demographic features and living habits were collected, and the Chinese version of effort-reward imbalance questionnaire and Nordic Standardized Questionnaires for Musculoskeletal Disorders were used to investigate occupational stress and the development of MSDs...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Yun Wang, Xuedong Yan, Yu Zhou, Wenyi Zhang
The mobility of modern metropolises strongly relies on urban rail transit (URT) systems, and such a heavy dependence causes that even minor service interruptions would make the URT systems unsustainable. This study aims at optimally dispatching the ground feeder-bus to coordinate with the urban rails' operation for eliminating the effect of unexpected service interruptions in URT corridors. A feeder-bus dispatch planning model was proposed for the collaborative optimization of URT and feeder-bus cooperation under emergency situations and minimizing the total evacuation cost of the feeder-buses...
2016: PloS One
Sung Ho Jang, Hyeok Gyu Kwon
In this study, we report on a patient who developed apathy resulting from injury to the prefrontocaudate tract following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), which was observed on diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). A 46-year-old female patient was involved in a bus accident. Her history included intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in the left putamen 4 years ago before the head trauma, and her family reported that she had fully recovered. She developed apathy after the TBI, worsening over time. Decreased neural connectivity of the left caudate nucleus (CN) to the left upper medial prefrontal cortex (PFC) resulting from the ICH was observed on the pre-TBI-DTT, whereas on the post-TBI-DTT (28 months after TBI), the neural connectivity of the left CN to the left upper medial PFC was increased, whereas that to the left lower medial PFC and orbitofrontal cortex was decreased...
September 22, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Sebastian Kötter, Malgorzata Kazmierowska, Christian Andresen, Katharina Bottermann, Maria Grandoch, Simone Gorressen, Andre Heinen, Jens M Moll, Jürgen Scheller, Axel Gödecke, Jens W Fischer, Joachim P Schmitt, Martina Krüger
RATIONALE: Myocardial infarction (MI) increases the wall stress in the viable myocardium and initiates early adaptive remodeling in the left ventricle to maintain cardiac output. Later remodeling processes include fibrotic reorganization that eventually leads to cardiac failure. Understanding the mechanisms that support cardiac function in the early phase post MI and identifying the processes that initiate transition to maladaptive remodeling are of major clinical interest. OBJECTIVE: To characterize MI-induced changes in titin-based cardiac myocyte stiffness and to elucidate the role of titin in ventricular remodeling of remote myocardium in the early phase after MI...
October 14, 2016: Circulation Research
Ferdia Bolster, Ken Linnau, Steve Mitchell, Eric Roberge, Quynh Nguyen, Jeffrey Robinson, Bruce Lehnert, Joel Gross
The aims of this article are to describe the events of a recent mass casualty incident (MCI) at our level 1 trauma center and to describe the radiology response to the event. We also describe the findings and recommendations of our radiology department after-action review. An MCI activation was triggered after an amphibious military vehicle, repurposed for tourist activities, carrying 37 passengers, collided with a charter bus carrying 45 passengers on a busy highway bridge in Seattle, WA, USA. There were 4 deaths at the scene, and 51 patients were transferred to local hospitals following prehospital scene triage...
September 13, 2016: Emergency Radiology
Sang-Hee Woo, Kyung-Hwan Kwak, Gwi-Nam Bae, Kyung Hwan Kim, Chang Hyeok Kim, Se-Jin Yook, Sangzin Jeon, Sangil Kwon, Jeongsoo Kim, Seung-Bok Lee
The unintended influence of exhaust plumes emitted from a vehicle ahead to on-road air quality surveying data measured with a mobile laboratory (ML) at 20-40 km h(-1) in dense traffic areas was investigated by experiment and life-sized computational fluidic dynamics (CFD) simulation. The ML equipped with variable sampling inlets of five columns by four rows was used to measure the spatial distribution of CO2 and NOx concentrations when following 5-20 m behind a sport utility vehicle (SUV) as an emitter vehicle equipped with a portable emission monitoring system (PEMS)...
November 2016: Environmental Pollution
F Mozzanica, R Salvadorini, E Sai, R Pozzoli, P Maruzzi, L Scarponi, M R Barillari, E Spada, F Ambrogi, A Schindler
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of the reliability and the validity of the Italian version of the Bus Story Test (I-BST), providing normative data in Italian children. METHODS: A total of 552 normally developing children (278 males and 274 females) aged 3; 6 to 9; 0 years, were enrolled. Test-retest, intra- and inter-rater reliability were analysed on a sample of respectively 145, 178 and 178 children. Normative data were gathered from all the enrolled children and estimate centiles according to the CG-LMS method provided...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Douglas E Hoch
On December 3, 2015, Public Health-Muskegon County (PHMC) in Michigan was notified by a local kindergarten-grade 2 school that a student aged 8 years (the index patient) had been sent home because of a rash suspected to be varicella (chickenpox); the rash had not been observed the previous day. Investigation by PHMC revealed that the student was one of five siblings in household A, none of whom had a history of having received any immunizations. During the preceding month the index patient's two older siblings (aged 12 years and 25 years) and two younger siblings (twins, aged 4 years) had been excluded from other schools in this rural district because of rashes that also were suspected to be varicella...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Adel Farghaly, Ayman A Saleh, Soad Mahdy, Dalia Abd El-Khalik, Naglaa F Abd El-Aal, Sara A Abdel-Rahman, Marwa A Salama
The present study aimed to evaluate a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay used for detection of Schistosoma mansoni infection in Biomphalaria alexandrina snails in early prepatent period and to compare between it and the ordinary detection methods (shedding and crushing). Biomphalaria alexandrina snails are best known for their role as intermediate hosts of S. mansoni. DNA was extracted from infected snails in addition to non-infected "negative control" (to optimized the efficiency of PCR reaction) and subjected to PCR using primers specific to a partial sequence of S...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Jianlei Lang, Ying Zhou, Shuiyuan Cheng, Yanyun Zhang, Meng Dong, Shengyue Li, Gang Wang, Yonglin Zhang
Multi-year (1999-2014) vehicular unregulated pollutants emissions in China, including SO2, CH4, N2O, NH3, Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (IPY), Benzo(k)fluoranthene (BkF), Benzo(b)fluoranthene (BbF), Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), dioxins and furans, were estimated based on emission factors calculated by COPERT. The inter-annual trends, correlation with GDP and population, spatial distribution characteristics, contributions from various vehicle types for the ten pollutants emissions were analyzed. Results showed that the emissions of the above ten pollutants changed from approximately 576...
September 3, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Arve Lie, Marit Skogstad, Torstein Seip Johnsen, Bo Engdahl, Kristian Tambs
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse longitudinal data to assess the risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in Norwegian railway workers. DESIGN: Longitudinal. SETTING: A major Norwegian railway company. METHODS: We examined data from the first and last audiograms for the period 1991-2014, from 9640 railway workers with varying occupational noise exposure and with an average observation period of 10 years...
2016: BMJ Open
Alexandre A Barros, Shane Browne, Carlos Oliveira, Estevão Lima, Ana Rita C Duarte, Kevin E Healy, Rui L Reis
Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) accounts for 5-10% of urothelial carcinomas and is a disease that has not been widely studied as carcinoma of the bladder. To avoid the problems of conventional therapies, such as the need for frequent drug instillation due to poor drug retention, we developed a biodegradable ureteral stent (BUS) impregnated by supercritical fluid CO2 (scCO2) with the most commonly used anti-cancer drugs, namely paclitaxel, epirubicin, doxorubicin, and gemcitabine. The release kinetics of anti-cancer therapeutics from drug-eluting stents was measured in artificial urine solution (AUS)...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Nicolas Clabaux, Jean-Yves Fournier, Jean-Emmanuel Michel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to estimate the crash risk per kilometer travelled by powered two wheeler riders filtering through traffic on urban roads. METHODS: Using the traffic injury crashes recorded by the police over a period of three years on fourteen sections of urban roads in the city of Marseille, France and a campaign of observations of powered two-wheelers, the crash risk per kilometer travelled by powered two-wheelers filtering was estimated and compared to the risk of powered two-wheelers that did not filter...
September 2, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Hakan Acikgoz, O Fatih Kececioglu, Ceyhun Yildiz, Ahmet Gani, Mustafa Sekkeli
In recent years, electronic power transformer (EPT), which is also called solid state transformer, has attracted great interest and has been used in place of the conventional power transformers. These transformers have many important functions as high unity power factor, low harmonic distortion, constant DC bus voltage, regulated output voltage and compensation capability. In this study, proposed EPT structure contains a three-phase pulse width modulation rectifier that converts 800 Vrms AC to 2000 V DC bus at input stage, a dual active bridge converter that provides 400 V DC bus with 5:1 high frequency transformer at isolation stage and a three-phase two level inverter that is used to obtain AC output at output stage...
2016: SpringerPlus
Christoph Englert, Anne-Kristin Trützschler, Martin Raasch, Tanja Bus, Philipp Borchers, Alexander S Mosig, Anja Traeger, Ulrich S Schubert
The targeted drug delivery to the central nervous system represents one of the major challenges in pharmaceutical formulations since it is strictly limited through the highly selective blood-brain barrier (BBB). l-Glutathione (GSH), a tripeptide and well-known antioxidant, has been studied in the last years as potential candidate to facilitate the receptor-mediated transcytosis of nanocarriers. We thus tested whether GSH decoration of a positively charged polymer, poly(ethylene imine), with this vector enables the transport of genetic material and, simultaneously, the passage through the BBB...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
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