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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644580/a-free-ride-an-analysis-of-the-association-of-casino-bus-tours-and-problem-gambling-among-older-adults
#1
Mark van der Maas, Robert E Mann, Flora I Matheson, Nigel E Turner, Hayley A Hamilton, John McCready
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Little research has examined the relationship between incentives used by gambling venues to attract customers and the experience of gambling related harm. Organized and subsidized bus tours are a common example of such incentives. The aim of this study was to examine whether bus tour patronage was associated with increased odds of problem gambling among older adults. This study also compared rates of bus tour use by sociodemographic characteristics and gambling behaviours...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634331/genotoxicity-and-cytotoxicity-of-the-plasma-jet-treated-medium-on-lymphoblastoid-wil2-ns-cell-line-using-the-cytokinesis-block-micronucleus-cytome-assay
#2
Sung-Ha Hong, Endre J Szili, Michael Fenech, Nishtha Gaur, Robert D Short
Despite growing interest in the application of atmospheric plasma jets as medical treatment strategies, there has been comparatively little research on the potential genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of plasma jet treatment. In this study, we have employed the cytokinesis block micronucleus cytome (CBMN-Cyt) assay with WIL2-NS B lymphoblastoid cells to test the potential genotoxicity, as well as the cytotoxicity, of toxic species generated in cell culture media by an argon (Ar) plasma jet. Elevated levels of cell death (necrosis) and occurrence of chromosomal damage (micronuclei MN, nculeoplasmic bridge NPBs and nuclear bus, Nbuds) were observed when cells were exposed to plasma jet-treated media...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634032/ciclosporin-use-in-epidermal-necrolysis-is-associated-with-an-important-mortality-reduction-evidence-from-three-different-approaches
#3
C González-Herrada, S Rodríguez-Martín, L Cachafeiro, V Lerma, O González, J A Lorente, A Rodríguez-Miguel, J González-Ramos, G Roustan, E Ramírez, T Bellón, F J de Abajo
Several immunomodulatory agents are used in the treatment of Epidermal Necrolysis (EN), but evidence of their efficacy is limited. The Autonomous Community of Madrid has two reference Burn Units (BUs) to which all patients with EN are referred to. One BU has mostly used ciclosporin (CsA), while the other has used non-CsA therapies (mainly high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin). The allocation of patients to one or another BU was mainly based on proximity resembling a random assignment. Thus, we took advantage of this "natural experiment" to estimate the mortality risk ratio (MRR) of CsA (N=26) as compared to non-CsA (n=16) using hospital as an instrumental variable (IV) over the period 2001-2015...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628541/apathy-due-to-injury-of-the-prefrontocaudate-tract-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Sung Ho Jang, Hyeok Gyu Kwon
In this study, we report on a patient who developed apathy resulting from injury to the prefrontocaudate tract following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), which was observed on diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). A 46-year-old female patient was involved in a bus accident. Her history included intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in the left putamen 4 years ago before the head trauma, and her family reported that she had fully recovered. She developed apathy after the TBI, worsening over time. Decreased neural connectivity of the left caudate nucleus (CN) to the left upper medial prefrontal cortex (PFC) resulting from the ICH was observed on the pre-TBI-DTT, whereas on the post-TBI-DTT (28 months after TBI), the neural connectivity of the left CN to the left upper medial PFC was increased, whereas that to the left lower medial PFC and orbitofrontal cortex was decreased...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620823/the-vegf-a-inhibitor-sflt-1-improves-renal-function-by-reducing-endothelial-activation-and-inflammation-in-a-mouse-model-of-type-1-diabetes
#5
Pascal Bus, Marion Scharpfenecker, Priscilla Van Der Wilk, Ron Wolterbeek, Jan A Bruijn, Hans J Baelde
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Animal models of diabetic nephropathy show increased levels of glomerular vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, and several studies have shown that inhibiting VEGF-A in animal models of diabetes can prevent albuminuria and glomerular hypertrophy. However, in those studies, treatment was initiated before the onset of kidney damage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether transfecting mice with the VEGF-A inhibitor sFlt-1 (encoding soluble fms-related tyrosine kinase 1) can reverse pre-existing kidney damage in a mouse model of type 1 diabetes...
June 15, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617274/supporting-constructed-wetlands-in-p-removal-efficiency-from-surface-water
#6
Agnieszka Bus, Agnieszka Karczmarczyk
The research investigated the implementation of suspended reactive filters to support the phosphorus (P) removal efficiency of constructed wetlands (CWs). The reactive material (RM) used in this study was autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC). The laboratory experiment consists of four plastic boxes filled with the volume of 10 L of artificial P solution with three variants of RM mass to volume ratio: 1:1 (g:L), 5:1 (g:L), 10:1 (g:L), and the blind probe 0:1 (g:L) as a reference. AAC of different weights (10, 50 and 100 g) was wrapped in a filter bag, put into boxes, and suspended...
June 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614678/diabetic-foot-ulcers-and-their-recurrence
#7
David G Armstrong, Andrew J M Boulton, Sicco A Bus
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 376, Issue 24, Page 2367-2375, June 2017.
June 15, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614045/neighbourhood-built-environment-characteristics-associated-with-different-types-of-physical-activity-in-canadian-adults
#8
Gavin R McCormack
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to estimate the associations between neighbourhood built environment characteristics and transportation walking (TW), recreational walking (RW), and moderate-intensity (MPA) and vigorous-intensity physical activity (VPA) in adults independent of sociodemographic characteristics and residential self-selection (i.e. the reasons related to physical activity associated with a person's choice of neighbourhood). METHODS: In 2007 and 2008, 4423 Calgary adults completed land-based telephone interviews capturing physical activity, sociodemographic characteristics and reasons for residential self-selection...
June 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613037/results-of-a-collaborative-study-on-dna-identification-of-aged-bone-samples
#9
Daniel Vanek, Bruce Budowle, Jitka Dubska-Votrubova, Angie Ambers, Jan Frolik, Martin Pospisek, Ahmed Anwar Al Afeefi, Khalid Ismaeil Al Hosani, Marie Allen, Khudooma Saeed Al Naimi, Dina Al Salafi, Wafa Ali Rashid Al Tayyari, Wendy Arguetaa, Michel Bottinelli, Magdalena M Bus, Jan Cemper-Kiesslich, Olivier Cepil, Greet De Cock, Stijn Desmyter, Hamid El Amri, Hicham El Ossmani, Ruth Galdies, Sebastian Grün, Francois Guidet, Anna Hoefges, Cristian Bogdan Iancu, Petra Lotz, Alessandro Maresca, Marion Nagy, Jindrich Novotny, Hajar Rachid, Jessica Rothe, Marguerethe Stenersen, Mishel Stephenson, Alain Stevanovitch, Juliane Strien, Denilce R Sumita, Joanna Vella, Judith Zander
AIM: A collaborative exercise with several institutes was organized by the Forensic DNA Service (FDNAS) and the Institute of the Legal Medicine, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic, with the aim to test performance of different laboratories carrying out DNA analysis of relatively old bone samples. METHODS: Eighteen laboratories participating in the collaborative exercise were asked to perform DNA typing of two samples of bone powder...
June 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608826/transportation-matters-a-health-impact-assessment-in-rural-new-mexico
#10
Michelle Del Rio, William L Hargrove, Joe Tomaka, Marcelo Korc
This Health Impact Assessment (HIA) informed the decision of expanding public transportation services to rural, low income communities of southern Doña Ana County, New Mexico on the U.S./Mexico border. The HIA focused on impacts of access to health care services, education, and economic development opportunities. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from surveys of community members, key informant interviews, a focus group with community health workers, and passenger surveys during an initial introduction of the transit system...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604002/coherent-transport-in-a-linear-triple-quantum-dot-made-from-a-pure-phase-inas-nanowire
#11
Ji-Yin Wang, Shaoyun Huang, Guang-Yao Huang, Dong Pan, Jianhua Zhao, H Q Xu
A highly tunable linear triple quantum dot (TQD) device is realized in a single-crystalline pure-phase InAs nanowire using a local finger gate technique. The electrical measurements show that the charge stability diagram of the TQD can be represented by three kinds of current lines of different slopes and a simulation performed based on a capacitance matrix model confirms the experiment. We show that each current line observable in the charge stability diagram is associated with a case where a QD is on resonance with the Fermi level of the source and drain reservoirs...
June 16, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589778/relationship-between-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-anthropometric-indices-among-bus-drivers-in-zahedan-city
#12
Fereydoon Laal, Rohollah Fallah Madvari, Davoud Balarak, Mahdi Mohammadi, Elahe Dortaj, Abdolali Khammar, Hossein Ali Adineh
INTRODUCTION: Most of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are associated with improper postures and poorly designed workstations. This study is an attempt to examine the prevalence and severity of MSDs as well as anthropometric dimensions among city bus drivers. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 60 male bus drivers. Body discomfort chart (BDC) was used to evaluate MSDs. Spearman correlation was employed to examine the relationship between the body size and severity of discomfort...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587275/a-high-speed-target-free-vision-based-sensor-for-bus-rapid-transit-viaduct-vibration-measurements-using-cmt-and-orb-algorithms
#13
Qijun Hu, Songsheng He, Shilong Wang, Yugang Liu, Zutao Zhang, Leping He, Fubin Wang, Qijie Cai, Rendan Shi, Yuan Yang
Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) has become an increasing source of concern for public transportation of modern cities. Traditional contact sensing techniques during the process of health monitoring of BRT viaducts cannot overcome the deficiency that the normal free-flow of traffic would be blocked. Advances in computer vision technology provide a new line of thought for solving this problem. In this study, a high-speed target-free vision-based sensor is proposed to measure the vibration of structures without interrupting traffic...
June 6, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587137/modelling-and-optimization-of-four-segment-shielding-coils-of-current-transformers
#14
Yucheng Gao, Wei Zhao, Qing Wang, Kaifeng Qu, He Li, Haiming Shao, Songling Huang
Applying shielding coils is a practical way to protect current transformers (CTs) for large-capacity generators from the intensive magnetic interference produced by adjacent bus-bars. The aim of this study is to build a simple analytical model for the shielding coils, from which the optimization of the shielding coils can be calculated effectively. Based on an existing stray flux model, a new analytical model for the leakage flux of partial coils is presented, and finite element method-based simulations are carried out to develop empirical equations for the core-pickup factors of the models...
May 26, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584309/screening-commercial-drivers-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-validation-of-stop-bang-questionnaire
#15
Martin B Popević, Andjela Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Jovica Milovanović, Aleksandar P S Milovanović
OBJECTIVES: The main aim has been to examine psychometric properties of STOP-Bang (snoring, tiredness, observed apnea, high blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), age, neck circumference, male gender) scoring model (Serbian translation), an obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening tool, in a sample of commercial drivers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After formal translation, validation was performed on a sample of bus and truck drivers evaluating test-retest reliability, construct and criterion validity...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570709/magnitude-and-correlates-of-bird-collisions-at-glass-bus-shelters-in-an-urban-landscape
#16
Christine M Barton, Corey S Riding, Scott R Loss
Wildlife residing in urban landscapes face many human-related threats to their survival. For birds, collision with glass on manmade structures has been identified as a major hazard, causing hundreds of millions of avian fatalities in North America every year. Although research has investigated factors associated with bird-glass collision mortality at buildings, no prior studies have focused on bird fatalities at glass-walled bus shelters. Our objectives in this study were to describe the magnitude of bird-bus shelter collisions in the city of Stillwater, Oklahoma and assess potential predictors of collision risk, including characteristics of shelters (glass area) and surrounding land cover (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570345/reduction-of-pediatric-pedestrian-hazardous-road-conditions-in-a-school-drop-off-zone-utilizing-video-review
#17
Ibrahim Abd El-Shafy, Jillian Savino, Nathan A M Christopherson, Jose M Prince
BACKGROUND: In 2012, 76,000 pedestrians were struck by motor vehicles. This resulted in 20% of all pediatric mortalities between the ages of 5-15. We hypothesize that children are exposed to increased risk as pedestrians to motor vehicle injury when arriving to school and that identification of these hazards would improve targeting of injury prevention efforts. METHODS: Within a county containing 355 public schools, we identified a primary school with 588 students located in an urban setting with concerns for a high risk traffic environment...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569888/narrow-linewidth-carbon-nanotube-emission-in-silicon-hollow-core-photonic-crystal-cavity
#18
Thi Hong Cam Hoang, Elena Durán-Valdeiglesias, Carlos Alonso-Ramos, Samuel Serna, Weiwei Zhang, Matteo Balestrieri, Al-Saleh Keita, Niccolò Caselli, Francesco Biccari, Xavier Le Roux, Arianna Filoramo, Massimo Gurioli, Laurent Vivien, Eric Cassan
Polymer-sorted semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) provide room-temperature emission at near-infrared wavelengths, with potential for large volume production of high-quality solutions and wafer-scale deposition. These features make SWNTs a very attractive material for the realization of on-chip light sources. Coupling SWNT into optical microcavities could enhance and guide their emission, while enabling spectral selection by cavity resonance engineering. This could allow the realization of bright, narrowband sources...
June 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561024/giant-electron-hole-transport-asymmetry-in-ultra-short-quantum-transistors
#19
A C McRae, V Tayari, J M Porter, A R Champagne
Making use of bipolar transport in single-wall carbon nanotube quantum transistors would permit a single device to operate as both a quantum dot and a ballistic conductor or as two quantum dots with different charging energies. Here we report ultra-clean 10 to 100 nm scale suspended nanotube transistors with a large electron-hole transport asymmetry. The devices consist of naked nanotube channels contacted with sections of tube under annealed gold. The annealed gold acts as an n-doping top gate, allowing coherent quantum transport, and can create nanometre-sharp barriers...
May 31, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550458/what-happened-in-dialogical-classes-of-intercultural-understanding-an-analysis-of-exchanging-classes-between-chinese-and-japanese-university-students
#20
Chengnan Pian
Chinese and Japanese university students make an exchanging of opinions regarding the topic "making a mobile phone call in the bus". Both sides of the communication can achieve different changes of cognition through different ways. This paper focuses on Chinese university students, and analyzes their cognition of the traffic etiquette in Japan and China. Unlike Japanese university students' change of cognition, Chinese university students have made more negative evaluation on Japanese traffic etiquette after the communication...
May 26, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
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