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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913966/validating-presupposed-versus-focused-text-information
#1
Murray Singer, Kevin G Solar, Jackie Spear
There is extensive evidence that readers continually validate discourse accuracy and congruence, but that they may also overlook conspicuous text contradictions. Validation may be thwarted when the inaccurate ideas are embedded sentence presuppositions. In four experiments, we examined readers' validation of presupposed ("given") versus new text information. Throughout, a critical concept, such as a truck versus a bus, was introduced early in a narrative. Later, a character stated or thought something about the truck, which therefore matched or mismatched its antecedent...
December 2, 2016: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909953/the-pe%C3%A3-alosa-principle-of-transportation-democracy-lessons-from-bogot%C3%A3-on-the-morality-of-urban-mobility
#2
Shane Epting
The mayor of Bogotá, Enrique Peñalosa strives to deliver transit services that promote social equity through bicycle lanes, improved sidewalks, and a world-famous Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, "TransMilenio." Through examining the principles that guide his planning, we can flesh out a starting point for socially just transit systems. While such measures can alleviate several harms that transit systems cause, they rest on an incomplete foundation due to their top-down nature. To amend this situation, the author argues for a restorative justice approach to transportation democracy, using examples from Peñalosa's mayoral tenure...
December 1, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907869/is-a-deuterated-internal-standard-appropriate-for-the-reliable-determination-of-olmesartan-in-human-plasma
#3
Edyta Piórkowska, Jacek Musijowski, Katarzyna Buś-Kwaśnik, Piotr J Rudzki
A right choice of the internal standard is one of the most challenging tasks during bioanalytical method development. Surprisingly, among the HPLC-MS methods for the determination of a cardiovascular drug olmesartan in plasma only structural analogues or similar compounds were used as internal standards. We have tried to answer the question whether the stable isotope labelled (deuterated) internal standard, as recommended by regulatory agencies, can be used for the reliable determination of olmesartan in human plasma...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897985/a-novel-lighting-oled-panel-design
#4
Enyang Zhang, Weigao Xia, Xiaojian Yan
A novel OLED (organic light emitting diode) lighting panel, which uses a special layout design, can reduce the photolithography cycles and process costs and is more reliable. It only needs two steps of photolithography cycles, which include an ITO (InSnO compound transparent oxide) pattern and insulator pattern. There is no need for the metal bus pattern of the ordinary design. The OLED device structure is a type of red-green-blue (RGB)-stacked emitting layer that has a good color index and greater adjustability, which improves the performance of the device...
November 25, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893288/analyzing-injury-severity-of-bus-passengers-with-different-movements
#5
Duo Li, Yifei Zhao, Qiang Bai, Bei Zhou, Hongbiao Ling
OBJECTIVE: Though public transport vehicles are rarely involved in mass casualty accidents, when they are, the number of injuries and fatalities is usually high because of large passenger capacity. Of the few studies that have been conducted on bus safety, the majority focused on vehicle safety features, road environmental factors, as well as driver characteristics. Nevertheless, few studies have attempted to investigate the underlying risk factors related to bus occupants. This paper presents an investigation aimed at identifying the risk factors affecting injury severity of bus passengers with different movements...
November 28, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892253/it-s-good-to-talk
#6
Jane Bates
Can we get a move on, sister?' the patient asked anxiously. She had come for a preoperative assessment, a lengthy process involving several stages. 'I have to catch the bus back to Little Widdling-on-the-Marsh at three o'clock and there's only one a week. If I miss it, I'm done for.'
November 23, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882501/a-review-of-a-gp-registrar-run-mobile-health-clinic-for-homeless-people
#7
A O'Carroll, N Irving, J O'Neill, E Flanagan
BACKGROUND: Homeless people have excessively high morbidity and mortality rates, yet they face barriers accessing primary care. A mobile health clinic, staffed by GP registrars, was developed to provide services to homeless people, particularly rough sleepers and sex workers. AIM: The aims were to improve access to primary care and to challenge the stereotypes and prejudices of GP registrars through direct contact with homeless people. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a qualitative study; questionnaires were completed on the mobile health clinic and two focus groups were conducted...
November 24, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882281/the-computation-of-confidence-intervals-for-the-state-parameters-of-power-systems
#8
Zahid Khan, Radzuan Bin Razali, Hanita Daud, Nursyarizal Mohd Nor, Mahmud Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Katrina Lane Krebs
BACKGROUND: In the past few decades, a significant volume of work has been carried out on various aspects of the state estimation problem to estimate an optimum state vector of the power system. This problem has been focused on, in previous studies regarding the computational efficiency and numerical robustness in view to find point estimates for system state parameters. This current investigation, constructed confidence intervals for the unknown state parameters of the system. The research indicates that confidence intervals can yield addition useful information about the estimated parameters...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881469/the-role-of-intersection-and-street-design-on-severity-of-bicycle-motor-vehicle-crashes
#9
Morteza Asgarzadeh, Santosh Verma, Rania A Mekary, Theodore K Courtney, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Safety concerns are a major barrier to cycling. Intersection and street design variables such as intersection angles and street width might contribute to the severity of crashes and the safety concerns. In this study we examined whether these design variables were associated with bicycle-motor vehicle crashes (BMVC) severity. METHODS: Using the geographical information system and latitudes/longitudes recorded by the police using a global positioning device, we extracted intersection angles, street width, bicycle facilities, posted speed limits and annual average daily traffic from 3266 BMVC data from New York City police records...
November 9, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881342/-factors-affecting-maternal-physical-activities-an-analysis-based-on-the-structural-equation-modeling
#10
Yi Liu, Bi-Ru Luo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors affecting maternal physical activities at different stages among pregnant women. METHODS: Self-designed questionnaires were used to investigate the physical activities of women in different stages, including 650 in the first, 650 in the second, and 750 in the third trimester of pregnancy. The factors affecting maternal physical activities were analyzed using the structural equation model that comprised 4 latent variables (attitude, norm, behavioral attention and behavior) with observed variables that matched the latent variables...
November 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880022/active-commuting-to-school-was-inversely-associated-with-academic-achievement-in-primary-but-not-secondary-school-students
#11
Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Carlos Rodríguez-López, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Francisco J Huertas-Delgado, Daniel N Ardoy, Francisco B Ortega, Palma Chillón
AIM: Physical activity has numerous benefits for children when it comes to academic achievements. This study determined whether active commuting - walking or cycling - to school, as a way of increasing total physical activity levels, were associated with academic achievements in students aged 7-18 years. METHODS: A total of 2,138 students participated in the study, which took place in the 2012/2013 academic year in three Spanish cities. We used a self-reported questionnaire to assess how the students travelled to and from school and their final school grades...
November 23, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878436/peripheral-nerve-ultrasound-scoring-systems-benchmarking-and-comparative-analysis
#12
Alexander Grimm, Tim W Rattay, Natalie Winter, Hubertus Axer
Ultrasound of the nerves is an additive diagnostic tool to evaluate polyneuropathy. Recently, the need for standardized scoring systems has widely been discussed; different scores are described so far. Therefore, 327 patients with polyneuropathy were analyzed by ultrasound in our laboratory. Consequently, several ultrasound scoring tools were applied, i.e., the nerve pattern classification according to Padua et al. in all patients with CIDP and variants, the Bochum ultrasound score (BUS) and the neuritis ultrasound protocol in immune-mediated neuritis, the ultrasound pattern sum score, the homogeneity score, and the nerve enlargement distribution score in all neuropathies if possible...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873360/personal-measurement-of-exposure-to-black-carbon-and-ultrafine-particles-in-schoolchildren-from-paris-cohort-paris-france
#13
Alexandra-Cristina Paunescu, Michel Attoui, Souad Bouallala, Jordi Sunyer, Isabelle Momas
 This study aimed to measure in French children personal exposure concentrations of black carbon (BC) and ultrafine particles (UFP), and to quantify the contribution of different microenvironments (home, school, places of extra-curricular activities, transport) to their total exposure. It was conducted on 96 9-year-old children from the PARIS birth cohort. BC and UFP were continuously measured by portable devices (microAeth(®) AE51 and DiSCmini(®) ) for a minimum of 24 hours, while participating families simultaneously filled in a space-time-activity questionnaire...
November 22, 2016: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872037/internet-based-delivery-of-evidence-based-health-promotion-programs-among-american-indian-and-alaska-native-youth-a-case-study
#14
Christine M Markham, Stephanie Craig Rushing, Cornelia Jessen, Gwenda Gorman, Jennifer Torres, William E Lambert, Alexander V Prokhorov, Leslie Miller, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Robert C Addy, Melissa F Peskin, Ross Shegog
BACKGROUND: American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth face multiple health challenges compared to other racial/ethnic groups, which could potentially be ameliorated by the dissemination of evidence-based adolescent health promotion programs. Previous studies have indicated that limited trained personnel, cultural barriers, and geographic isolation may hinder the reach and implementation of evidence-based health promotion programs among AI/AN youth. Although Internet access is variable in AI/AN communities across the United States, it is swiftly and steadily improving, and it may provide a viable strategy to disseminate evidence-based health promotion programs to this underserved population...
November 21, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869248/simplified-risk-assessment-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-by-means-of-2-spreadsheet-models
#15
Arve Lie, Bo Engdahl, Kristian Tambs
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study has been to test 2 spreadsheet models to compare the observed with the expected hearing loss for a Norwegian reference population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The prevalence rates of the Norwegian and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) definitions of hearing outcomes were calculated in terms of sex and age, 20-64 years old, for a screened (with no occupational noise exposure) (N = 18 858) and unscreened (N = 38 333) Norwegian reference population from the Nord-Trøndelag Hearing Loss Study (NTHLS)...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853496/a-case-of-a-concurrent-and-co-located-invasive-carcinoma-and-a-fibroadenoma-to-illustrate-the-potential-of-dual-energy-contrast-enhanced-digital-mammography-on-the-diagnosis-of-complex-breast-lesions
#16
Maria Del Mar Travieso Aja, Purificacion Munoz, Mario Rodriguez Rodriguez, Victor Vega Benitez, Octavio P Luzardo
Up to 19% of breast malignancies may be missed by conventional imaging techniques, especially when they are concurrent or co-located with other benign lesions. However, more sensitive techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are often too expensive for routine use in developing countries. Contrast-enhanced, dual-energy digital mammography (CESM) is a recently introduced imaging modality whose performance has been reported to be similar to that of MRI. Being much cheaper, CESM may constitute a good alternative for improving diagnostic sensitivity in these countries...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847934/prevalence-of-depressive-disorders-in-professional-drivers-epidemiologic-subanalysis-of-the-racer-study
#17
Anna E Platek, Filip M Szymanski, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Krzysztof Ozieranski, Marcin Kotkowski, Agata Tyminska, Robert Kowalik, Grzegorz Karpinski, Grzegorz Opolski, Racer Steering Committee And Investigators
OBJECTIVES: Professional drivers of the public transportation are one of the occupational groups exposed to very poor working conditions. Factors such as low physical activity, irregular working hours, poor eating habits and excessive stress at work, have a negative impact on cardiovascular risk and promote the development of diseases of the cardiovascular system. This study aimed to establish the prevalence of depression and work-related stress in a group of drivers from the RACER (Risk of Adverse Cardiovascular Events among professional dRivers in Poland - development of specific cardiovascular preventive program) study population...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832098/dynamics-and-collapse-in-a-power-system-model-with-voltage-variation-the-damping-effect
#18
Jinpeng Ma, Yong Sun, Xiaoming Yuan, Jürgen Kurths, Meng Zhan
Complex nonlinear phenomena are investigated in a basic power system model of the single-machine-infinite-bus (SMIB) with a synchronous generator modeled by a classical third-order differential equation including both angle dynamics and voltage dynamics, the so-called flux decay equation. In contrast, for the second-order differential equation considering the angle dynamics only, it is the classical swing equation. Similarities and differences of the dynamics generated between the third-order model and the second-order one are studied...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832043/construct-validity-for-a-cost-effective-arthroscopic-surgery-simulator-for-resident-education
#19
Gregory Lopez, David F Martin, Rick Wright, James Jung, Peter Hahn, Nickul Jain, Daniel N Bracey, Ranjan Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Arthroscopy is one of the most challenging surgical skills to assess and teach. Although basic psychomotor arthroscopic skills, such as triangulation and object manipulation, are incorporated into many simulation exercises, they are not always individually taught or objectively evaluated. In addition, arthroscopic instruments, arthroscopy cameras, and the cadaver or joint models necessary for practice are costly. METHODS: A low-cost arthroscopic simulator was created to practice triangulation, probing, horizon changes, suture management, and object manipulation...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828502/electromagnetically-induced-transparency-like-effect-in-microring-bragg-gratings-based-coupling-resonant-system
#20
Zecen Zhang, Geok Ing Ng, Ting Hu, Haodong Qiu, Xin Guo, Mohamed Saïd Rouifed, Chongyang Liu, Hong Wang
An all-pass microring-Bragg gratings (APMR-BG) based coupling resonant system is proposed and experimentally demonstrated to generate electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT)-like transmission for the first time. The coupling between two light path ways in the micro-ring resonator and the Fabry-Pérot (F-P) resonator formed by two sections of Bragg gratings gives rise to the EIT-like spectrum. This system has the advantage of a small footprint consisting of only one microring resonator and one bus waveguide with Bragg gratings...
October 31, 2016: Optics Express
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