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Body composition AND children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319679/evaluation-of-body-composition-with-bioimpedence-a-comparison-between-athletic-and-non-athletic-children
#1
Domenico Meleleo, Nicola Bartolomeo, Liliana Cassano, Alessandro Nitti, Giovanna Susca, Giuseppina Mastrototaro, Umberto Armenise, Annapaola Zito, Fiorella Devito, Pietro Scicchitano, Marco Matteo Ciccone
PURPOSE: Conventional Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) or Bioelectrical Impedance Vector Analysis (BIVA) can provide direct evaluations of body composition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate lean and fat mass (FM), and hydration of children involved in daily competitive sports. METHODS: 190 non-athletic [8.2-10.5 years] and 29 competitive children [8.0-10.5 years] were enrolled. They were evaluated: at baseline (t0), 6 months (t1) and one year (t2)...
March 20, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319588/physical-activity-and-global-self-worth-in-a-longitudinal-study-of-children
#2
Hudson Reddon, David Meyre, John Cairney
PURPOSE: Physical activity is associated with an array of physical and mental health benefits among children and adolescents. The development of self-worth/self-esteem has been proposed as a mechanism to explain the mental health benefits derived from physical activity. Despite several studies that have analyzed the association between physical activity and self-worth, the results have been inconsistent. It is also uncertain how related physical health measures, such as sedentary behaviour, body composition and fitness influence the relationship between physical activity and self-worth over time...
March 18, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315876/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-ins-del-polymorphism-and-body-composition-the-intermediary-role-of-hydration-status
#3
Laura Bordoni, Valerio Napolioni, Francesca Marchegiani, Emilio Amadio, Rosita Gabbianelli
BACKGROUND: The well-known insertion/deletion polymorphism (rs4646994) of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been previously associated with obesity, blood flow, muscular strength, and ACE enzyme activity. Despite the relevant role of ACE in homeostasis, few data are currently available on the relationship between rs4646994 and hydration status. Thus, we tested the association between the ACE Ins/Del polymorphism, body composition, and hydration status in a young Italian population...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300070/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-on-overweight-status-of-their-children
#4
S Zhang, L Wang, J Leng, H Liu, W Li, T Zhang, N Li, W Li, H Tian, A A Baccarelli, L Hou, G Hu
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) as a group of medical complications in pregnancy are believed to be associated with an increased risk of poor fetal growth, but the influence on offspring's body composition is not clear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between maternal HDP and overweight status in the offspring of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). A cross-sectional study among 1263 GDM mother-child pairs was performed in Tianjin, China. General linear models and logistic regression models were used to assess the associations of maternal hypertension in pregnancy with anthropometry and overweight status in the offspring from birth to 1-5 years old...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296896/relationship-between-pickiness-and-subsequent-development-in-body-mass-index-and-diet-intake-in-obesity-prone-normal-weight-preschool-children
#5
Jeanett Friis Rohde, Mina Nicole Händel, Maria Stougaard, Nanna Julie Olsen, Maria Trærup, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Berit Lilienthal Heitmann
BACKGROUND: Most children have periods in their life where they reject familiar as well as non-familiar food items and this is often referred to as pickiness. The consequences of pickiness may be malnutrition and, if prolonged, potentially lower body weight. However, studies investigating the consequence of pickiness on subsequent changes in diet intake and weight are limited. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether pickiness influences body mass index as well as diet intake over subsequent 15 months among obesity prone normal weight children aged 2-6 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286485/relation-of-heart-rate-and-its-variability-during-sleep-with-age-physical-activity-and-body-composition-in-young-children
#6
David Herzig, Prisca Eser, Thomas Radtke, Alina Wenger, Thomas Rusterholz, Matthias Wilhelm, Peter Achermann, Amar Arhab, Oskar G Jenni, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Andrea H Meyer, Simone Munsch, Jardena J Puder, Einat A Schmutz, Kerstin Stülb, Annina E Zysset, Susi Kriemler
Background: Recent studies have claimed a positive effect of physical activity and body composition on vagal tone. In pediatric populations, there is a pronounced decrease in heart rate with age. While this decrease is often interpreted as an age-related increase in vagal tone, there is some evidence that it may be related to a decrease in intrinsic heart rate. This factor has not been taken into account in most previous studies. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between physical activity and/or body composition and heart rate variability (HRV) independently of the decline in heart rate in young children...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278233/catch-up-growth-in-the-first-two-years-of-life-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-elbw-infants-is-associated-with-lower-body-fat-in-young-adolescence
#7
Anke Raaijmakers, Lotte Jacobs, Maissa Rayyan, Theun Pieter van Tienoven, Els Ortibus, Elena Levtchenko, Jan A Staessen, Karel Allegaert
AIM: To investigate growth patterns and anthropometrics in former extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1000 g) children and link these outcomes to neurocognition and body composition in childhood. METHODS: ELBW children were examined at birth (n = 140), at 9 and 24 months (n≥96) and at approximately 11 years within the framework of the PREMATCH (PREMATurity as predictor children's of Cardiovascular and renal Health) case-control (n = 93-87) study. Regional growth charts were used to convert anthropometrics into Z-scores...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276905/nutritional-assessment-and-intervention-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-practical-approach
#8
Elena Scarpato, Annamaria Staiano, Massimo Molteni, Gaetano Terrone, Alessandra Mazzocchi, Carlo Agostoni
Cerebral palsy (CP) is associated with the presence of feeding disorders in almost 60% of the affected children with subsequent undernutrition reported in up to 46% of the subjects. Since undernutrition may have a detrimental impact on physical and cognitive development, the introduction of an adequate nutritional support should always be considered in children with neurological impairment. The aim of the present review is to provide a practical guide to the assessment of nutritional status in children with CP, in order to identify individuals at risk for malnutrition that need the introduction of an adequate and personalized nutritional support...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276731/deuterium-dilution-technique-for-body-composition-assessment-resolving-methodological-issues-in-children-with-moderate-acute-malnutrition
#9
Christian Fabiansen, Charles W Yaméogo, Sarita Devi, Henrik Friis, Anura Kurpad, Jonathan C Wells
Childhood malnutrition is highly prevalent and associated with high mortality risk. In observational and interventional studies among malnourished children, body composition is increasingly recognised as a key outcome. The deuterium dilution technique has generated high-quality data on body composition in studies of infants and young children in several settings, but its feasibility and accuracy in children suffering from moderate acute malnutrition requires further study. Prior to a large nutritional intervention trial among children with moderate acute malnutrition, we conducted pilot work to develop and adapt the deuterium dilution technique...
March 3, 2017: Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275130/mothers-intake-of-sugar-containing-beverages-during-pregnancy-and-body-composition-of-their-children-during-childhood-the-generation-r-study
#10
Vincent Jen, Nicole S Erler, Myrte J Tielemans, Kim Ve Braun, Vincent Wv Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Trudy Voortman
Background: High intake of sugar-containing beverages (SCBs) has been linked to increased risk of obesity. However, associations of SCB intake during pregnancy with child body composition have been unclear.Objectives: We explored whether SCB intake during pregnancy was associated with children's body mass index (BMI) and detailed measures of body composition. In addition, we examined different types of SCBs (i.e., fruit juice, soda, and concentrate).Design: We included 3312 mother-child pairs of the Generation R Study, a prospective cohort from fetal life onward in the Netherlands...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254269/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#11
P Iaccarino Idelson, L Scalfi, G Valerio
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A decreased adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) may be related to a rise in chronic non-communicable diseases from childhood onward. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the available literature regarding MD adherence in children and adolescents, and focusing, more specifically, on the association of MD adherence with demographic and anthropometric variables, body composition, lifestyle, and diet adequacy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A search of scientific literature was carried out on PUBMED, SCOPUS, Clinical Trials Results, Google Scholar, and British Library Inside for studies published in the last 20 years...
January 12, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253911/childhood-bmi-in-relation-to-microbiota-in-infancy-and-lifetime-antibiotic-use
#12
K Korpela, M A C Zijlmans, M Kuitunen, K Kukkonen, E Savilahti, A Salonen, C de Weerth, W M de Vos
BACKGROUND: Children with high body mass index (BMI) at preschool age are at risk of developing obesity. Early identification of factors that increase the risk of excessive weight gain could help direct preventive actions. The intestinal microbiota and antibiotic use have been identified as potential modulators of early metabolic programming and weight development. To test if the early microbiota composition is associated with later BMI, and if antibiotic use modifies this association, we analysed the faecal microbiota composition at 3 months and the BMI at 5-6 years in two cohorts of healthy children born vaginally at term in the Netherlands (N = 87) and Finland (N = 75)...
March 3, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253494/how-milk-and-its-proteins-affect-growth-bone-health-and-weight%C3%A2
#13
Michal Yackobovitch-Gavan, Moshe Phillip, Galia Gat-Yablonski
Milk has long been recognized to constitute a complete, well-balanced source of the nutrients and energy required to ensure the proper postnatal growth and development of infants. A growing body of evidence suggests the positive effects of dairy products and particularly of milk proteins on linear growth also in older children, both healthy or during recovery from malnutrition. This evidence led the way to the performance of extensive research aimed to delineate the components of milk and the mechanisms acting to make milk so effective...
March 2, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253297/salivary-inflammatory-markers-and-microbiome-in-normoglycemic-lean-and-obese-children-compared-to-obese-children-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Waleed F Janem, Frank A Scannapieco, Amarpeet Sabharwal, Maria Tsompana, Harvey A Berman, Elaine M Haase, Jeffrey C Miecznikowski, Lucy D Mastrandrea
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence linking diabetes with periodontal disease. Diabetes is a well-recognized risk factor for periodontal disease. Conversely, pro-inflammatory molecules released by periodontally-diseased tissues may enter the circulation to induce insulin resistance. While this association has been demonstrated in adults, there is little information regarding periodontal status in obese children with and without type 2 diabetes (T2D). We hypothesized that children with T2D have higher rates of gingivitis, elevated salivary inflammatory markers, and an altered salivary microbiome compared to children without T2D...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245441/childhood-estimates-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-based-on-creatinine-and-cystatin-c-importance-of-body-composition
#15
Kozeta Miliku, Hanneke Bakker, Eiske M Dorresteijn, Karlien Cransberg, Oscar H Franco, Janine F Felix, Vincent W V Jaddoe
BACKGROUND: Creatinine and cystatin C concentrations are commonly used to estimate glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in clinical practice and epidemiological studies. To estimate the influence of different body composition measures on eGFR from creatinine and cystatin C blood concentrations, we compared the associations of different anthropometric and body composition measures with eGFR derived from creatinine (eGFRcreat) and cystatin C (eGFRcystC) blood concentrations. METHODS: In a population-based cohort study among 4,305 children aged 6...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241995/mediterranean-diet-adherence-is-associated-with-lifestyle-physical-fitness-and-mental-wellness-among-10-y-olds-in-chile
#16
José Joaquín Muros, Cristian Cofre-Bolados, Daniel Arriscado, Félix Zurita, Emily Knox
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) within a population of children from Santiago, Chile. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship between MD adherence, body composition, physical fitness, self-esteem, and other lifestyle factors. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study of a sample of children (N = 515; 10.6 ± 0.5 y) was conducted. Weight, body mass index, skinfolds, and waist circumference were measured...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238292/association-between-body-composition-somatotype-and-socioeconomic-status-in-chilean-children-and-adolescents-at-different-school-levels
#17
Pablo A Lizana, Sofia González, Lydia Lera, Bárbara Leyton
This study examined the association between body composition, somatotype and socioeconomic status (SES) in Chilean children and adolescents by sex and school level (grade). The cross-sectional study was conducted on 1168 schoolchildren aged 6-18 years (572 males) from Valparaíso, Chile. Body composition, as assessed by percentage body fat (BF%) and somatotype, was evaluated using Ellis equations and the Heath-Carter method, respectively. The socioeconomic status of respondents was assessed using the ESOMAR survey...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222035/nutritional-status-and-metabolic-profile-in-neurologically-impaired-pediatric-surgical-patients
#18
Gloria Pelizzo, Valeria Calcaterra, Veronica Carlini, Mario Fusillo, Matteo Manuelli, Catherine Klersy, Noemi Pasqua, Elona Luka, Riccardo Albertini, Mara De Amici, Hellas Cena
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is reported in pediatric neuromotor disability and impacts the child's health. We described the nutritional and metabolic status in neurologically impaired (NI) children undergoing surgery. METHODS: Anthropometry, body composition, hormonal and nutritional evaluations were performed in 44 NI subjects (13.7±8.0 years). Energy needs were calculated by Krick's formula. Metabolic syndrome (MS) was defined applying the following criteria (≥3 defined MS): fasting blood glucose >100 mg/dL and/or homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) >97...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215492/dietary-intake-nutritional-status-and-body-composition-in-children-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-on-hemodialysis-or-peritoneal-dialysis
#19
Consuelo Pontón-Vázquez, Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay, Erika Fabiola Hurtado-López, Adriana de la Torre Serrano, Germán Patiño García, Enrique Romero-Velarde
OBJECTIVE(S): This study aimed to demonstrate that dietary intake, anthropometric indicators, and body composition in children with end-stage kidney disease differs between those on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and those on hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional and consecutive study that included 55 children and adolescents with end-stage kidney disease who were undergoing replacement therapy (22 PD patients and 33 HD patients). Two 24-hour dietary recall surveys were conducted for each patient...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212335/fructose-in-breast-milk-is-positively-associated-with-infant-body-composition-at-6-months-of-age
#20
Michael I Goran, Ashley A Martin, Tanya L Alderete, Hideji Fujiwara, David A Fields
Dietary sugars have been shown to promote excess adiposity among children and adults; however, no study has examined fructose in human milk and its effects on body composition during infancy. Twenty-five mother-infant dyads attended clinical visits to the Oklahoma Health Sciences Center at 1 and 6 months of infant age. Infants were exclusively breastfed for 6 months and sugars in breast milk (i.e., fructose, glucose, lactose) were measured by Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and glucose oxidase...
February 16, 2017: Nutrients
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